(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "كتاب افريقيـــــا الجزءالثاني"

v^~ ,i 4b *^>^«-^Jt^ ig?>*^l i^ujcfi 





L4V-5J^ 



SLluu^kllehC 



-* • •* 






B 




Jfcjijl 



£ 






v-^-" 



iikijl^ *^-«^l^< 1 .1 1.- 11 dl.g^r* A"\ A jJuVi 




JP«A2&* 



36" 



o 



^,d 



f 
V2. 



a^ 




^/ • »' 



^^jdl^C 






i?jj.i. 



iiLujVl i^JSJ. JULaJI Aix^II 







Jjjl l<)jj 



^^CN J*~-*»^ 




Ll^ll j^Jl _,!, ^ ,1>J| ijf * 



»1>' - ■(» * 






y ( UOAl 



„«u«UMW[M« 



SJUOsH JjUll ^Ikc ot£)1 IJU £> 

Jk 1409 — 1408 
(i 1989 — 1988 

^iJjJJ a&jA* JjiJ-t £* 
1984 — 117 JjiM £)■#» (A 



dJWl ol£Jl 



J jiJJl OlOl £. tJ^V 4^UI c^Jli^ cOJUtlj c^li^l j**** 
.^SaJlj S^a^ t^>-l *Lilj l^ c-«Sj ^Jl o^-l o[,Ua^l ^1 Ii5} tjLM 



* * * 



jisy 4^1? iiju.i 

f 1 ^rj 'V u*^ 1 J**"J 'kr** cTJ- <P!« 'd^ 1 -^ VJ/JI *^s- t>* 
'^JLr^J 'l/'J-J c^^>- : ,** '/ffJIil **-*- «/l-^ll fci* J J^*^ .NLc 5, «_j,Jl 
JL-U JjL« ^ i U-UJI Jjt Jp JLiij .NilJj iij^L~jy cillSij '^p^j/y 

JL~;P- ' jyfjl iij"^* <j| '^Soii** 4Jj-*-«"J j^ljJiJl 06 (^JJI '(/•*-" if* '- ■ <|rt *J 

c^-^b ^y—- o (^AJI tji*53l ^r^l Jft- o* vr'l 1^* j^»*iy -jj^jl ^r 

jjt j^* djji3j « j^v «&* v> ^»*i j ^y 1 ^1 j* ^^ j«J»l 

t^ J^ f^*^ '^* -J^iJl Ji >-^l t>* ^ lf«d^ ^i ^ H'^'"' L» 

JU-'IU »-j^JI .y oJ^j (2)JUj tfjliNl u-j ^JUI tji^JI ^JLWl j-tj 

jr <4r^ 1 i>*J 'l/'J- tf^ ^-1^1 ji^JI ^ril^l JW -^4-1 o^j '-^r^ 1 
>r tiJlllA L~>- ^ ^1 iJlft ^lUj • ( jS«5'I/« jol*} jjP AJ^aij ijSS\ ( 3 )Jlil vJl-vI 

(^i u* f^l 1 ^ J"""* ^ tC-L-JlJ J& ^aAj 01 Jl Jf-JI c3 J-~j 

jj>w^a>j JJL>- SiibLi iijPj <uJaP Jl-H»- IflS' -U-LJJ dJLft J Jbj-j>j .ilB'i 

jj* u> jki coiOi aaajL j^ja 3 t jpiii ^ s^r oujaj jTWi 

^Jl £*J^\ ja iJUUI i^53l ^~~j cjpIII Sjl^T tJMj V: J^JI Sjlfj 

.a^T ifji ij~~. j oif (i) 

.JBTyol i^jjii\ i^-yi\ ^ >_j£" (2) 



c^^ 1 J »-^ «-JL*»i Lr* Jory 01 OlSCNl OK* Ojj tOyLo Nj Uj/* 

*• u-^j <-j&\ ^b 'Jajwi <ij»*ii 1 *^^ ^i Uaj .01531 lJ +~J 4&IA 

4J ^JJlj Cj£"s ^iJl .jUjjJI Uj_j! ja dyc^ajj cUli 4L.IT Uj^ixi Ly^J 

.£c£.ij i*-"^ *tt^ *»*j1; 
Ja*j. f\±^l if\j^\ ^ Jb-1 jj^o Vj tJUJb |^t)l j^/JA j*i M 

Ojj'^J (OjJlib Nj lOf^XjyP Vj (O^l^f- Nj C*Usl *-AJLP Jbf-jj "Vj Cfljijjjl 

,_/»« l£j- Oil iiLft ^^Ji CwjUail j-^x«J\ _C* jf ci-^J-L ^b^ 1 O* 

y ^U cui*Lwi U^ ^jT ^ .ycjJI jUj JUWI j&- o*y+-\ 
Lib O^jSjj 0_^Lu«j j^5o tow^i ^ Uj (V5LJI -ulp) »Ujs1 ^a ^ Oji/u 
£jj t^^UJI (t-$~*Uj -(»^Lo*l (j/* OjwUsLio l*j fl^jLiJI Jl^il ^y djx.:~-j U 

u^- "^— > jl 1 --')/ / ' cT - **" ^rj^i c f^* i-JwaJ j^- Lg->^- »-ij-^» ^ oUU^ 
^-« c^J-b (4i*Jl jkiJl JiLi ^* OlT U l^JL^jj ifl**f (.A-frMj}j 
£j\j~*dl> s\^ao]\ jt+ty .4pj5 jl »-jAa j£i jjp o>h^"' ,>* J.*^ ^%A*- 
N .JiJiJl ^Uji]! j^ lj^> fl*ju j\ cSiyj aI^JU ja j^J} J*^ y^ 

V^ 01 **A^-I MJaX-.l 0[j c^Jl^P 0US3l ^IJboN dJbl ^/Lj-JiJl OjJ^ 

l&i J yiU 01 ^ j^ jjJJI ft^Ji Ml aS^Lc N i[ tikis' 4i^^L-i ^u 

.OIS31 i^j, y> (4) 
.(?) iiJU (5) 



Jtol Ob Ojlil <J^ll £Sr~J ,V oLji^u tiyXjt M j^r^ 1 J^* M-^M* 
JS\ ^^i 4-i Ljiji 0^*JLi t^l-VS j^ o^" jl;jl Ob fe\ i_X*aJj ti-Jajf- 

Jl Ol^l-Jlj 4f»i ^J (^W*") V?*-~i t*^U^ jl C->b^* jiLuDj 

.^ Ql ^,? <uij tiilJaJ J*l 1^1 ^Jj '(n:^ <3j» AjjUil jl iil^Nl if^ji 
Jaja£- JiLju JjUil J^b £J%d\ f L-Jl yJUJj .Us*- i-jaj^j aJLj1» JiLjJl 

^Jl oJL* o^ 01 0*^*^ ^ iJW? -o^J 1 V^ *3j» i*^» J^-^j 

jl Jalyll Sj*# ^bL ^a1*j ^1 I? Lj*«* jl XJ>- j^ l^ J^^i '^** ^ 

.o^Lstf (iJN l^i Sjjiyi tO^U ^Wj j^ 
U ^ ^Jl J^l yciJl Ob Ja-Jl liJUt ^ tt>Ui) ipU j£jlj 

1^S~ L**i o^3^ t^y* **^ ^jjKt 01 **** &t^ ^ry^H 'W^' <y ^j 

J\j <jj 'jir^ <Uapl t/'j* 1 (^W~') OjJLitXy ifUaiS" aJjLjO^o LJ^l* l^ 
OUa-fci Ojjaily t^pli.1 jl OL^ail ijJL>- jl 4 L- 1 ^ jy^>- (J,j*m jiyt iUUJLl 

*!*• jw.:. ( ra t i : ,J£JL>J Ai^.Ui (^JJI js«-iJl ,jJj t^JUJl (_j iluil j»^«U1s»j 
IJLsr iijA>- ^jljai c^>-l 4i« Ai^aJJ 'l{jjl <J IT "^' <j >^= ^£; i«-f'' ^"i 
ii>-L- IJlXA J^j» <.ijyj£j* j\j>r Lli Jp jl <—*)>■ ^ Ajl (J^ jU^j L ^JaJ 

Sp^jWlI jpIII c_^Jb UL^Ij ilj^i (^JJI vl^JI ctiiJO jl tj— Jl jl ^^^-J^ 
-_ij . JLsLI 8JlA J <LPj (>_.-«. v aj lJL>- jib *^»Jl^ c^i («-*J^ ,j-J i[ tAjJaiil 



$111 £• jjall Ol^ 1 t>* 4*^ /*'"^" tjh l±~0j$6 ij^\ ijilp {£>-! l**b\ 

01 Jif ^£) tJ tf1 *g^ Ai[ OjJyb ^N t>UI jl OUJI ,J- O^IA. Ur 

c^y^l Jjl ^pI A-Jb If aJU l^ Jb«-lj Jf A>-1 y^J a ^j i^walM C**ws>j 
Vy (.dy^s^i U-Up Lf^Ux^j ^^ aJjU Asjast- t^-Jlj JS"*^ 01 (jJ^i^ 
c^UI I^J- JfSlI ^ l^dl L- l>b < 9 >Jp^I l^Tl 01 (-^o ^ jw- j 
^N c^Jbf dyi^J U£*j tJLplj^Jl Jj>- _j! tt£>-Vb oO^^Jl ^JjI l^ij 

V ^Jbl OjLJu Ujj^j .JoL. ^ Nj Usji Nj oU»Uf- OjLocu-j N 
pi-j i^i\ i^-jAJ J?>te pj>j .cif ,^ s^ J \r£ri ^b «ltv*— £ 
IpIp yL£ 01 (^ v^ Jl ^ O" lM c/ ^ Jj,A:! ' 1 

^Jlpy-j jJJCJI j> L.jj «J| byr\^-. U t j^iaj ^^\-J 0_^o cOUjj-U? 
^l^i Sj*^J (n^^jl j O^L^ co^>^ ^» r%- j«-f»-%- .p g * ^2j -Uai-> ij' 

-»-y <j»*«) y 1 J^ ^j 1 -- < 8 > 

.(^js,) IJU pA -SI j*J5H 01 f >il ,y (9) 
^o, J^lj ^Ltll 4| J-« tfA» oUI, .^^i ft LJI v J-3 >y ^U, .-v> .J. Jr-WI (10) 



ilji>- ^i iifra£ 1^1 £• tjj-l .ja "5LU ^ 01 If .*,_£-* v^ C^ 
U-U, /*-rl~y J - *^ .i>»jlva^» jJ> cJlT jJ^ jpU.K' JL4-I j^L-tf 1^1 i>^JJ 
Ob ^jy" r^b 'j*"^* 3 " J^~* (J* 1 Ol^^U tJJU- j^ 5ft*-^ J^p jc« 
*^«t; cOji^ y»j <^jl>^ tikis' UL^I J l*^ Jj^-j fA*J (i^ifrioi obfefj 
OjiJLLi ciliUtl v*v>lj JU-I Jpb LJb Oybxdy <*Li \^>- jl^I^ JS' 

.£>Ul 01 il^-j -|trj!^ ^ Cr" ^l £>«y '-s^ 1 jLft^ (♦-r 1 J*i ^ 1 - 
*ij* ^* ^ ji^-L. j^-^j;! OjJ^s |»-rl» 4^ Vj JUj ^ ^^Jj tiyw if-j 
jj*p»JI^ ijjb/l Jt*>-j ^ ty\j <L*S~ (C^^" fr*" 1 " ^ -^yj •*&*** ^^ <^jj 

JUj 01 jSCc u jr dUi .ifir Jji ^ j ^ji^i jjs^ ^i ^i, 

JS\ jt-* ^ *fA* OlT Ojj tJJi ^ J^ill 0^ ti»U iis<aj JLsM J 0*i-«j 



^kj ta.a^>.^a< iLi ^ ,_^l^l 5i)li^l 1^—1 tl>-l>- j^UL iu»J-« *^l 
Ujl^-I i(12)u>VT4S^J Jp l^Lv JJIP Uri J-*!- Jf- J» -^ 4 iA ^ A 

jU^iNL 5jeJL. a»U^? cilL* ^ 1^ 4**^ iwjy W*^sj ti^JJI 



iA'^Jr- i/y (") 



.(^ji.) X* 11 OjilTyu-J- c-JJJ ^} 01 (98:1) oyi ,^1 j"i (12) 



^ ^ j\^\j c^Ji apUJI ^ ***, c/J^b w lJb 4 <uM^b 

ja oijy^ i^JI j Oj/>»Xj jl o^Jl j AP^wau. AiJL>- aJL*5I ijj** dy^j 

^ toUU- ^ ^r-y V il , y J\ ^ ox* JL. j *J* y> [£ js! ojdl 
jjj^, aJ ^ ^ L^JI ^p ^ bli .^Ijl. V, coLLi^ V, tj^li 
Jjp UU oULIj aJI^' yik; ap^JL aJ l^L-i 0U^ £Q-l J^Ui^:,.... 
a^Uj la*- g^J" ^V t >U. ^ ^ jjj\ |ju jiuJ c j0J1 oLpI a^l 
Ui- iJUAj .dlli JjLL. J JU ^1 ^lij 01 ajUVI ^ Ojjc^j cvJW-Vl «lf 

aJ dyi~*i tjj*^. ^ J ^ jb ^U ^ XI o^j, . s .l i lii\ (jyrN) 
oLU-1 ^ !iUi i^fj JT ^p Nl2u J-UU Ojiji, c^^i jij 

o£L- ^1 ^ y^ Ajij, Lj» jsi jl^Ij jr i^y: ^ ^\ A-jut^/i 

0jd>-jll J,jXv-l UJUp a-^U-j tOb» oJLp AjjJdl aJl* Cyo Jjj .OK' U^» 
l$l^j f^LuJi/l ^p c-*~.l 11 VV ^jll jlp U^U-j to^iil a£L1I Jp 
\Ja> 1 j^1j ■ Jy^ (JjL*^ ^i -^ ftlyaj ^f c-^*^»f ^>- ^ jjjl S^p 

Oj^L* UK' OliUI obl^ -U< .Ju^lJI Jy-I UjUp 1514 h^ ^ 

JLij 4AJ ^li* jb C— «JOJ OJL. ^>Vl JlJil tU-U- (ciijjjp A,j>4aJl A^Jk-iM; 
Ajlif j^\ IJUh 0^5 ^-^ frW OlJij>-j jJLj 5JUj U»Ut UiJ \j£ \. 



.ijUU Lf4 ja c-wj; i^x. Jw-i ijUjJi .ill* ^frft- aid t^U*! & ^rtifyt & ot f (14> 



10 



ly* OB} .J^-b jJf yty o-> cjtfi~> <~ Otf Ujj t O>Nl Sjlrtlj 
^..lilij* ^> j>± 3 jJ\ <S+ cfe ^ W- W^j '^ M 
ijpr-^ OU3UJI OU* <Jp L.JLpj .Axij ^ ^jJl ^ Sili ^svit ja t^-UJap 
aJU» jl 4^*1* Jp Ujp t<oy*- <y 5^J "^ £* C— i^" ^^ J 04^ 
^jli «LjujI 1*4^ W-wa* -**£-j ejy^" > ^"i ^ V- 4 £> li i 
> li^)j i3Jft v!^» a* >b ^ UL ^ '^>* c/> ^<^ 'y^^ 

u^. otr ^ ^W ^> <^T a* k— > >* ^ ^—^ c^ 

JJ ^ip *& ll^-U. OtT CJjJl 01 jJj A.jUi tj ftJI ou^/l ^Nl ^1 

j^jjji pib! j^ }>; c^i s^> ^ ^V jjji J^i ot 

J j*j ***» ^ ^ jtfl Jp Ijljs-Ai V^il J*JJj .*^ip '4-* 
^ Jbjl Jp J*aii **« i*-JJl CJiT .0^1 <jjjUJl ^ dilf. (ij c^j 

l*t ^ (^i) y^ \~% o^ 1 ) *#] ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

IJLa J\ Jf-j .4-4I £• ap^h uuj±S\ '} 01 ^u jUJlj J^ JJ-I o^ 
OV cojU. OjJb lt> bJ>u-b ^— iJJ ^-^ Jl ^Lr^ 1 f^" O 1 -^^ 1 
Jl 4iiU l^>^Jl OlOl (Ji^ O^j <jU^ J-^-sJ >-^— u^s (i <MJ^ 

t^i ^>-»j ?p J^J t^WVl oJL* (_jj .aJI (j^. >!>«. : .. ..< Oj?u yb ^jJji 

** ■ £ fi. j^- 

byfr l^i caXJI ^ iijUJ J>-l; uA\) ^-jli a\e- l3 j^jl f U .j---^ 

^J lv' ^ ^ t^*j^-J (►* W-i^J i^yylisJl b-^ij (jJ-i^ 4i)W.I ^>^ 
Jb. c^w^li iiOll Jp 4j jIpI ULsr JkjyJl apt ^ JU^JI iiJUL. Jb 



.ciyUJ ^ ^ j» (15) 



11 



5JL* ,>• Aljljl Ia^j L$*~«»l tiiva^ ^t^ <-\p*~0 AAj-L* * 

tt£# Jp- Vi ^ V v^ 1 tU *- t** & 4 Ju J**" <i* £*" t5j> ^-^ 

^ jA>wJ Dj-p AJj^J c^yw» ^ *U j^ ^^a-J uyl~y J^-**" £• "-^r^ 
jj^oJl .Ju^tJl Ij&Lf tC— JJb" jy^C Ljb i^Jdl eJUb c4a-jjl -tfj .J{4-l 
OJL* Jp ( 9? i-f £t>- J,y*-I 01 -Uy tU-U- jj*l i^Ji (JyM JaS ii*Xj ^l iS^\ 

ti>£>J>l s.UI Ujj^J d\ -Uj UJl>-li cijlill AJliU- ja AjUUj tjvj^wJ.1 
jj^aJl ^ij aIu* ^j 4*ji Jjb" f CA^j JjU <Jp jj-Jl Jp JJVl ^ -U^» 
AXpU-i JJ"y l^-lj .aJ \^u jjJJI ^ aa?U* £^£ jl JxSj y>j 'j^^ 
Jjs-*lj a^UII ^b c*uA t) ojIjI c^JLJl ^jiSlj tAjU-^l ~>^«*l ^J$\ ^Jl 
jl^L OyLJI iN \^ ^ je^iPj SSU _/ \ 3r \ 3 .j-^J* O^J-il 
,L-I J| 1^ aU; tl^iT 3LjJd\ cJUiil j>- jy^\ Jj^ti t( y>J>1 flit 
■jA \ij>- iL^f sii OlS^JI j* aJU- ajjjII C-J*y .S^S' a\*^p a*> *>UW- 

C^ 1 <J J*~* -^ O** ^ ' ^"^ c5 ^ ^ ^ Jl ^" flJ ^ 
AiOlL aJx^I ^>l^li J^-yj tSjjbil JLM ^ 0l;^o 0)^ oV>- 

jjJI ^ ^^fji £• 0^-!^ V^- -^ -JL^-b o^ 1 jW-ii y ujA-o 
d& i*j~** aU ja (i6)^^ dJUL* J jiJl x*u cjIT c^i-L ^-t^^ 

,i«i^-jj t^J--^ (16) 

12 



Ois^^ 1 ^- i£^ J^ 1 dJLU ^L*l JbA ij\jN\j \jjmj m Ol ^ j^xj 

ij-U-l Jp (»-AWj ji-U^ tC— JJJ o-L« J jjc*! jjp I^IT ij cOUjJl ^ 
c^Ul*- ^w»i SjjUl ^1^1 Jp Oj^y l^tf jjJUl ujj^^JLI i*jlil 
jjjj OS" UL, .JUj>JI vilL. UIpJ a^UI tg^Jlj OJiil liUf Oj^ LiKi 

ftj^flj ly**a> ^L-l ,y> £>«J O 7 )-^^ Jp ^p 'O-^ J f^l -yr-^ 
<_A*aJ ^ jg\ ^JaJ 01 JOo 4jS/ t^JU; ^1 «]o>. j& (i^jsau v^!j 
r-^>- -L^Ai jy>- AiL c^JJl Jl^l iJu^Jl OIj jp-\ il s,-i-.f J} ^Ip tjJail 

0&" L.JUP 4jl N| 4j»^ jjj^wJkl ,_->]^»l J^p ^^ J} I^x-uj OIj *a^I 
iJL. Jp ^^U li^jL ^jj Jwyl tc ^ (^L ^UJI ^Jax^j |l -u^J LlJ lwf-1; 
a%Jl JaI j* jii' jOp lfJ| IshJl tJj^Jl i^l^ 0^9 ajjJL* Jbj tjli 
JjL. oJp 4J t^pj ^Mi Ol£* tj SJLiwi oJlil oJLa .^li^iJJ Oi*^l v]^b 
(^ ^k l^ Oli pfu^l jp Ijjf l^aib SjjUil 01 tl^-j .^^aJI J ijyo. 

** * * ^ **-^ 

Uajl o^lj tju^t^dl (Jo^Ldl ^ Oy*^J ^J tj**^^ cO>«*^' AjUJL>- jj^ju 

j* y~*i flikpij -oy- J^ ^ --^ t/ 1 ^i^ 1 (> *^> J Jy-i oij 

y4"l olfc OjU. lij .A*^ (^A^ ^LjI ^ JUNI ( _^uj ^JL^- Aj'UjojIj 

l ^ ^Ldl Jji?- j^p LjC^Ijl* U^c* L^ ^^s, tjj isl* ja lijAA Jp LjiS" 
(y a?o?-I W^«-^ ^yLl ^c- t^kl IjLy Jj*- aJW, ji^u-j _y» UJ 
.J^JI ik^l^ JjLI Jp V ^JL |yi r U c-di-T Jl jil JpI ^ Ojj^i, 



.1516 t- (17 
■** i \* ^-Vy ^j*"" ,ji ^ (18 



13 



^JuJ JuJ-\ (jl \fft J)i\ iuk- Jp £>U/>0 Oi^^ 1 Oi^^ 1 £* v^j 
^j^Uaj JjilT cJo^iJI 0L-> ja ij'U $ jl^ill Jl I^Jfl->[j c^ Jau*j £» 

^£3 • ( *-4^-j (H^* J ^ JsN 1 J 1 £-"!^ #"# J* ^ ^^ (**^J 
t^JL^uJ ij>j \frj>- <.~>\j£up\ (J IJL>Jb 0^°^ (*-*jb O^" ^i-^ J*' 

•^l) us^ t) _/*■*■ i—* 8 " (»-r* l^j fr* ui^* 1^^ J* ]?J*J 'p-*** \jj\>& 

i^Ull ^yajw i^>-j "^Jj ic£ a«^» Oly 7-j^- 01 -Xjw 1^1 ^i^ (^ 

^Jl kiJLii g^J fli Jij .j^*^" 1 lO* - !**/*'* f-*Mpr^b Ulr^r-^ £• u^ 1 ^ 1 

•jjiJl Sjjliil Jb-I Jb ja Aj>\ 9- y <-j-")) r fr Ail jt^> il tfliUIi iijl*- jj^Ij 

^OAi iiy* jl^JU iNj ^>il ^-> JaS^I f i^^/l J*-fj <kii Aijfr** \fK 

Jlvai JjJl ^j Jj .a*4^j J^ (*-*<^b (*-r^' j*-*^ t4 ^l lytr - O*^' ^^1> 

Juo <Uj^> J tw-^j tjy SjU i«vlfJ; ^1»^ Ol 0_j3 nJWj A-^- A-« J^JI 
dJJL* jbty .OJllI ^ hjAA ^Jp- «U£v>-l >._..,ia;i ^»l >c tS^i-vflJl c A ju^a J l 

j — £~*i ^ ^X_i- JLjJI rj _Jl tjj • t ^>--— <,?! 

OS" AJl \*j .^U JjJbr-j >-^ J^r iSf W^ri Jrf (^ Ail ^J^ O - ^" 1 ^ 
^ ^O?*^ OUyiJI Jam £A f.\J ijtjA c-i-i^l <.^J>\ ^ ^je- UjU- 
^ .sJijitt 4it o«^ ^J ^UU *WI ^ ^* ^i y5/l lJJ-1 
yLfUj cU^ jJLj-*- yaol t^yJLL 01^ A*JI JT Oj^o ^j tusJ^ 1 
t^AjSj ^frUU 01 Cijj»~A\ J\j lij .^ JJUI JU- 01 Jl OUyiil ^l> 

^ apL^- yh Ui ^1 JUi 01 I^Jp L.JLP biST ^jUU ,}=>>■ oij .jJ\ 

1^1 of ^i. N ajU ti^Vl 2ULU cJlT oij oUI^I «Ju«»j .jJUi lyy 



14 



j^aij tl-^ i--j^ jyw? *l~* LA 'J~»- j^^v* <Jp A% ( 19 ). ( j ; S'L- AjU-^-j 
Jp ^-j-JJ* *U£ c^JlJI (21)^.^1 u-4* J^ji cU»- (20)^1 ^^^j J^ 
.Uiy> liji CW)b ^J 3 U^^J c£*Mj t"y* **** Jij^J ^W-J-i £** 

icaiJI ^Lll ^^mj ilbtj .j*-o (J\ Oj^j oL&l (j*^! ***• JJ^I? -SAjOp 

tj^-iaji j^j j-j^-i (j* J^~' ^ ^ -a*' -k^—*} 4 ji4-b j^^ oAjidi 
' JM- 1 JI !?j» !^ u^ 1 ol ^ J, Wl b 3 JJ 4iUi >**< •****- a" * l jr JI 

jbK-il Jv^sJ ul~>- jJ'^b OyL-Jb Obj*-x* obL^j JjSi ^p*aS wy j**^ 
j^l hrj^i IJbr jbf J;b Jvw UjU jbl oJlil <^ O^jJj -5^4-1 AJL» a*Joj 

l^ dj*-J*Z~i tJJ-l jO^> J> Jp J^JI U^ ja j& JAP A^y 
^plJ A*J i^Jlil ^_J^>- JL^I cjj Xj} jW Aiju-fti ^-iJl J^ ij>\) <?S 

j j^b j^asL. j^p ^ ^p SjU- ooii a*lij .^ t> -^^ o^l.Ujj 
j^i j oUji _^ if 4 iJUj .vr ^.Jdi Jp U& cL^- jAi oi^ii 

( ^.) 0^ Jll > y (100:1) ■%» ^ ■** ( 19 > 

.<_, .4 j^i. .5^:1) ^y« o-» ^ >> -^ ^ «/ S?, 
Kj r^ 1 ^ .^j,) cJ^-s ^ J-m» (21) 

.U *, ^ U JS1 ^1 ,U 0^-. *gi ^ J K 1 " J-^ 1 *- (22) 
15 



.jjli JU3I 



JlJL t^^ j^-Ij 5-L-iw* AjJj ii^Li j^^ *^^- »i5*w oJ-« ^» 

*b~l -terjtji .{±fi\j 6j+&\ jW¥l Ja*>. **£j JU" 1 ^" u> J**^ ji**» 

^ ^ t t,ii ow>j asu ^ -bi Jp J*^s *#$ </- *^ *->W 

.aUL? (j^-l ^LAIj iiii-l 4-iw^S/l^ 
li> XI jl tiiUI, ULjj W jid ft Lo 4i OlSC ^1 ^ ^J 

oLi ^1 *i\ OyU OiM tJjLft-M pi-^*.' <ty 'fr 5 ^ s^-*" ^J*^ fr* 
oJl* j^ *-• c^JblUli ^poJUUfti y*y J&-I .i--* - **^ O^Jliai closr 

<Jl *W Ji>^ ■*** •k' ^^J ^ J*"' tHA '1514 ii- 3yp ioJll 
^ ^ isbj. *Lp! ONI VtfLy .dJJi JUj ^ *U^JI U^Ipj cJUu>JI 



.OljjJI Cr ±\ JLp JL*I i#lx (23) 
.(^j.) Oljjjl v-^ OjiB* 700 > W* (24) 

.oir;i Li-j (25) 



16 



. -Jy^r\ j£ (j^-Xji I O JL* ^jA -*l*j> \j\ '&*$ Jjc ^Jp «j»J 4JL-rf2>- ioJl* 
J^ Jp OX-i sL~?~ f^> ^yj clJL>- iCJli ^j o">Ul JaI Lg^w.1 
N OlSLJl -y>S cjyL-Jl is-'iUi l^iS" j*JU<2j JjJbt- 4p*jL« (J yf (J^li 
i^"J ^^Lr l ~*i)j cjy»-iJt (jJi ^ OyUij .*-j-ij>-y 5-LiJ kiJUJj Oj*^c 
tJa*3l i>- J-^aJ (J^S-i (v-frW^j 4jUj OjJj s.L~JIj JW^jI ^tJ? .jplil 

Nj oL^S iiL* ^pJ j$0 tOjJL-v. ^l I^pSI l)1j oU-i ^A. Nj aU\ ^^ N 
^ JaJ^I ( _ r mLj AjybU.1 t^iJI J,*** Jc>ry vL-p- caIS' J^i-I IJIa J ^Lgii 
N US' J&j tjijpi^J.! jUfcdl Lf^vsi A*-iJ^ J***^ (_f" *j\-& (Ht;^" ■u"^ 

tjjDi *t^»i jl IjJlp jv^ij ^JlpI ,y fUxjNl J Ml Oj^L. Nj 4OL0-NL 
3% OlSw j&"l »^li l^lj >( t_»JL^ 4JUaflll AJL^aJl ^j 

jCfu j *^ ! rj £>& *~o-£" jl fi^ ,5^1 J^Sj i ^j c4jj*ioi-j ^J 1^$"" jj\\ 

n i^ir j^u ^ Ni v oljNi dULo n ^\ ^ Sjjp^ i^uj . Wj, 

jjp <^>-l iLiL. Nj ji Nj J->- ^ ^pJ dl^j -Oi^^ 1 cAJ^ dyi>& 
a^L^- ^ j&\ wu" N oJll jl yj 4t_>Nl #*# tiyj j*-^^ -iJ^j tjplil 

**«LjI L<?a)l 

(J OJL-i Jij .i"5U' J*' Lg*»— I t^ar-l -y* j\y*\ Ob a^JIj io^L* 
.«yJl *f%- Jl o^l^jij^i O^ ( 28 )^-]> awjI J*j Jp JL>- 4is& J^, 

■((^r*) ■ J j iK ' 4 °0 tSr- jy •*<* s? V- u^ j 1 (26) 

.c-ijiJ : ..' «Ji ,yaJl ^ v^ (27) 

.Oljj.'l JU JL.I 5/* (28) 

17 



i*db J*J.j -i-ilil l^i O&y i^i \rj*jji ij& ^1 ^ c*LpI l^lC 
J>Uii .oLi*i gjiJl jd\j cjjJr\j t £.yL| ^ 5^T L*T £tf oyLo Sjip 

odil ,i* Jp O^JUJ^H Jy^lj .^L| J,l& Oj*u* ^JJI ^pJI *mi 
aXij: l^cJI tJJ ,ji £U ^rl^-- L>^ rj i ^ c-Jo; J*J 1514 *jl- 

*tfl ,>-*• u* X> (^ j-1 dUi 2-y ipJoNjf, ^Lo ^> Syr/- 

>( ^L-I 0>Jl«jJI jfe. d\ Jb. j4Si ftbk 






^ tsa^ ji^-ii a*u^ jp-^j ^ui cy ^ i«^lh ^ 4 oyir jji 

*tfl tui*>x-Ulj vj^fi tel^A* jri-^iil jp l^ib Jkij .Jjjf \fi\f jy^A 
byu&s. j^d*^ ^Jl &f ^ Oi^l ,v4*J^ Jm*<M ttJ&Jl*&}JI -r^ 

^-Ul uy OyAA, jiJi\ ^l^iiJi ^ ^ ^jlp Sr **j J^ jl^^. oJdl J»^ 
01^1 LU ^^ ^^1 JJ ^ J.lp du ^ .^1, UaJI Jr \ J 

.oyi JLp %. 12 J« > (29) 

. oir;f y ow>i v^y (30) 



18 






>t jowJ> /^ Jb)l» 4^P «I*J 1^1 *-• tiiiJil ^» v>-^i AjVS' jXjj J-4*l £jL* 

jjt ^ t^ j-^ j O^Ji *Uii Ojyl* fJ J ^ ^Uly . J^l JpI 
^ J^ ^ yM prl Jj% ^iJl 0^ Vi «^f ^ ^ ^ Jjs* 






-OljjJI JUp ^L- 14 JUu Je- (31) 
.Oyi Jl* ^U 15 J* Je- (32) 

19 



.f*Jj\ Jb^l Jp U^Pjf ^JJI Vj JI *^ Jl ^ ^u-l, lUL^ 1,1a, 
Uo^aij tj^siji j^.b Jjijlp frl^AAi SiJL. jL&ij jli^aJJ ,j«jU* i)bb> 

tLol ^ai\ «^J M tLk>- iLjA l^i»jl .OjaJ^. JjJiPj ts*5\Sjj tOy.Uj oUai 
jJl jiij Ol-^Jl ^ ^ Ji lijj .jplll ^ jyujjl jJju j^ioo ^1 C~4 
Jwt- g;JJl yMl t^iJl oLpU ^ 0">L^ illy* S.LJI .icjj jjUi Ij^pI 
( Jai^ .i^Uwij "h^ijAJ OjL«Uo tijlyJl OjJaiL JU^ .U*- jjj;j^ ^fsrjjjj' 

j j^Jl OjUl l^N SJL*- U*U« olil ai* pli^iJl J*Uj .i*jAjl ^ ippoll 






J tJJi JL* l^ LU^ Jl ibail ^ (33)«^. i^ ii- jl«u Jp «l«; 

4c^>-l JL»- 4? Ja^ jaU. J*>- Jp ££» j*<a>- je S,Lp jjbj tjL-iJl olf-l 

l^-^i CJiSwJ /-• (Jl/t* 4i*o 4j\a JLl* 4JjJill OJL* JL»i -7«-^» !_*•.■*' 4fl-u>w* 

4Jljj»l ^^J toJbJLsf-t ♦t^^J ^LaJD lp» O^aliaii -J. L>JU OjXxJ ioJlil oJjfc 

• JJ^I WvJU i>* ^ , - :: -J^' ^4 v^'^i ^-^j ^r^ t^ip i-J^I iuJl j -da 



(r*-^) .jy -t* %• 18 o« Jt (33) 
•((^r-) 11 LT" u b (107M) _ iJUl W«JI — U>' o^y (Jlj^l ^~^-l Jai\ (34) 



20 



JT JL> UU^j oUil eJL» J l yA£- (^JJl a.ilb-1 Jb-I <£y* J^j ^ij •{&&£■ 

dJDi J aaU-j .Lj-^4 ,-i diJ-iy C*^> J|^» Uj^U- ^jJUI ^^1 OlC- 
jj?*waJl ojjPjj ijuil 4pLI yij c<ulp)| J;3»«x«J.I ^ OlS" 4j*b/ c-^J} l$*l*-j 
aJUs-T ^ c^JUI ^Nl iSjlil ^ yt JpLiJI j^i^ 4 ^~£ 'i/!^ 1 ^ ^> 

■ . y*'e. .lit IJLft * ity'* J^j .OL-yuy aUyl { Jato ^>-ll«o SJtJaJkl jv«l Oo 

t/j (> ^J H^ 1 <> ty**. \j>J& (■ (»rl i/" (-f^A* ^!r> «^-U£j 
ad*4>- ^f d**- oJil J*b _/Ul IJLa f^j* J*ry, . JfrJl J ^UJaS 
J OjJUi (^2)1 sNj» <Jl$*- 5JLiJj cO^I ^ <u U;Ur J**Jl Jlj L. Uy 

■ LaAJLaiJ 

eUl (.j jjb cJ ,y (35) l jj> tw - ; i Jjo Jp c^r^A- 4i>jll aJL* «jy 
N| ib Jp ^1 dLLo N d~4 ^j J*- i*S Jp ^>UI J*l UA^ i V>w L| 
JLU ai* iSjlil ^fr 01 ^ t£L*aJl ^ jsiT l^ Jbfjj .C~*JaP 5iiX 
OU^-i ^1 ^j» .<J| 0^-b4 L. y 'L-j JUi^ iJbAl *LiJ 1^1 OjJL. 
c^liNl Jp tU^Jl J_^j 01 JJ \j\f-\ dy~*i \y& ^JUJUj t^JLi Ojjjsu 
41. OjXi^o "^ JUj^JI dUl ^«jl; JjjIT j*ijl ^I^Nl jl^-L Oyjl^i 
^ ■■■■ j c^iJI j_*LiJl |^L»- Jp ol;UJI OyA: !^^ ^^^ L»-r** N tUJi 

qa Otjl aOP l^ £w*Jj .tiULil ^j^w J J^-j .JlII 4J ^L4 01 Jb-I^ ^j 
^Uil cJ Ojj/si V jiJUl i>JUlI «5LJI Lbs- Jjy V^ ^^ -^i^ 1 J^ 1 



((.j-^.Olyll a* JL.I 6 y-o o*J (35) 
21 



J** u-*&-\ J-AiJl 



«& &u\ y\j\ ^>> j jyM , j,t* jp ^ 5ji ^ ^ eJUh 

a* W*U/j u j|r-b °% J1 >l MlI a* ^r-t .L^p o£fcJ| i^j, 

<^ ^ U J 'v^ 1 J s~*i jr W l^i (&£ .OjjkJLI y^l, ^1 
l^i ^ caxaU JUL a^ ^ .^j| j ^^yji v ^ ^f ^i^j 

^ S^p i*l ii^ ^ hjjt* p&\ ^ c^k mJ ^\ ^jjg iiLAUl oU)a5 

<Cr iji ^ a^t i^ tJ ^ij, ti^ ^uli^ jj^ujj ^t^ji jr ^ yiii 

^j .VU-I obrU ft Uj .iAJi £ 0l& cc^aJl aiL^J 44 1JJ, ij^LJj 
J* 1 Cf J^ |»ry>i) s- ' 1 ^*^ ?^ «»U*» O^j ^iJi ^L, jJbJLi 

aju*w. ^ ^ri ^ju ^ v, t *u — , (H^uuy jju ^ ^j^Loj ti^gi 

•^wr oi^ oujip ot>^ 4, V iu* ^ ji* j^ jp <5 j rMi , 
»tt r l» ^1 ^ Jjt ^ u l^ J^.^ rJ j ^ t J^, ^^ 



<(*»-ayi ** %• 40 4-, J* (36) 
22 



<— -t^ W \f^j^ fl-r^ Ol»jJI ^ «Xi *^}L« l^ l^*lii *^l >.L~£ t^Ljta 

(.asjzr £» aJ^ Ji» jJJLa <vi» JL^I c£*V^« v-AJj-SJI Ol tijL.*. >-j ,_aJI flp 
wj]/^l ^^ £. jj^l jiU-j y> JJi Aj> JLaW (^Jdl cVSsjjb gjji 4iiJL>- ^1 

Oly ^y^i-l IJLa 5^l^c o^l JyT . JUj^JI ,*JUL. ^L"l ^ l^>w^l jJJl yjJlj 
£. l^tT jjJJI jl^LI iUJ yiij .^1 jJLL ^JUI gj>ll Ijla ^ ^1 JjL4 
tiJb*-^ OLyiJl (jiaju *-• ift*^' (j-si- 1 *! 4 <>-l ^1 ^i JCrjl <Gli l^ojb ,ju) 

■^>]/^\ ja ^-jU <jJl £. (OiM^ 5 M iy Oi-^j 'Oi^*^ tJ^ j* 
tirfJ^LjJl iVjl ^^TL^* ji '^yl»>^l /f ?r>*** a**"^ c^*-^ - t g •*-.-* s^Li 

tiui; j^. Op-Ij ^-^i Jju Jp cj^ij-i 4^ Jl U*l;j Uj j^*jL" Jl J^jj 
aJU- ,^"1^1 «*X* -k>-j «U& . jiJTl (j-]^ l^ CJL- ^*ai ^ A— lr* ^^J 

Jjl*- ^ o^pI— J-5 J*^»j <i~>- jj^UI ^Ul joJ^dl i^JU <ol£~JI ^ 

I^jU-j A**^J C£-V" «-»!^' !***J^ Ji^' OLyiJl Jom l^ ^-j^«* -JJUl 

.^•UwJ^I Jp fyUU ^j li t^-U J} ja->t VSo,\j i^ 01 ^ iJL-j 
.Jlj^JI Ot ^ c JLLI jl jl^iiU oJdl Sj^Ux \y* (jjl^i\ tf ^jt- SJ-iJj 

gS 1 - &l ^ ^^ M •|*^'^* ij W* *iU^ ^^» jWU ^"^- U»^ l^P A»li 

uki> ^J (H*^ 1 ^ o^^ 1 0L -> ,, (>*< ^>*J <.^ £s>\ dJJij IS^U ^ 
od* jj -0«)UI i,U?j t^Uu-uNl Jp <JOpLd *4Sy OS tJuytJl 06" 
IjjjLJ jl^l Ji-T Jl 1^,1 Ox~~A\ jUuJl 015LJI JU^Li, Ujlp t^l 

w-»ya->^ f" ^<-iJ ,j>J c^i-l i^- a*»I^I CjI^AI (^u jjP J^jJ^Ij 'j1^^ 

'r^^j t> jlt-J' «V^' jl-» -o*^ «^ o* *>j fr* ^^ J*- 

Jp l^a^j oail 1^= tjU I^Lyaj OS lylT JjUt ^*Lt y£ I^a ot JUy 
^Jl OlyLl oJLa J JLiJl ^. ^j tOlSC-Jl Aa1*I JTl^ OlT 31 ta^T i*^P 
iUPj tjjs^MiJl Jvj jL>wNb tJjiU* Jlii»lj f.Lo SJIp Jp /^ill If^. y ill 

l$JL*x«o tA^J Ijl*p jUJI l^ <_Joi ti^>JL«j i*-^ ,-*j 5x11 Jj-s^l ^ jijT 
OlS} .4jaaS OlT ^^ ^ iL>- Jsii; ^Jl jiiji .Ju^lJl Uj .d#»~~l\ 
Olj tdU> ^ j^l Ja>- £ -hi *~Ju 0^ jl 4J| tJ^V villi jAj « JjSj 



23 



jy*-*0 Oy \& 4*M tdJJLi SjjJlII UI>-^j Ol y aJO a^l Liai J jjvj?*—-!! 
. J>o vl^s- ^ £- jjA Jl jo^ifl cj jksi»^ coIpL- £pl -o *i£* il^ ^ 

Oy i}*^^ *^l C< M <JWUI J-pxi«o Uj -* OS" 4*-/ vjSo cl^-S" Uwji i3j£> 

iya>- CJlSj 'ljA-I til (*-$*<• vilta J^ Oj^*-—^ J-*^ *»i»ttNl J* >te-$ 
jl^ll ^ <ylj 2L»5' jc» i-ilil OUiaS -^ taJlP i«-jJl ^ iijUil *^jUU- 

Jul J^>-j f»kd y*i? •SftjS" *J^; JjM^ t —-^" 'Jj^b ls^* - ' d' <"Jj^V"*^ 
jTLdl jjp 0^1 i^»JL»u>.i tUl^Ti ^1 jsf. ^liNl lift J cg^-t ol. 



•jLJI LaiJl 

IS[ SSjUNlj cj>£3l ^JKi/l (j-^-iiaj «u— o c^JJI y» ^yJl ^^.ail ^ *jj^JI 
tt,A OiCj da>l Jl J~M IJLa oJa*!, .-u|aiJ ^1 JjUl j^l, (38)JilpJ 

.jU-iJl k^>r Jl Ji^ *Li-«j (.azju ijJL* J-4-1 IJLa ^Ij Jp 
twjjiaJl^ k_— iJ-L iLu« jj^J[j 'jjfc£~ l)1$L-j Jybl* -dS^ L-4-l 

(V ^w ^i>-l c^jl ^ li^ ^UiaS ^u. iuJl ^Jaic ^ L^ OjUy. Ol£Jl 

oi \p\j\ ii)j .uyfcii^i 5i>iiVi jlp ^nr j*- 1, ^jl*. j, ^ru. iiiui 

.^^JtJl J;j jl j^jiJb IftjiaPj Uj-io- Olxil ijJiJ ij CJjJl jj^saj l^**i» 



.£1 J-*, c,y0 c^i, tc -i (37) 
.Ji\p Oil ji (38) 

24 



rr=? u* u^ '-^ u- 1 ^ «^i fyJi *v> ^Mjj v 4jl ri ^Ijj iiuy { yj\ 
«^A j j*j-i «.%)! o^Lj cJo**]i* uf i^p jh^Ia* mp .vju-S^J *ufi 

ij^r _yBI kiJJi lap Li j»^S0 il$JL-j IjJLjU^. *^- Oji^j ^1 JLL-I 
^A* ji>J\ 4*a <<-»>—* (l^- iJUju £j£j 01 vJ^-iJl ij;l lili .IflS" L*^»[ 
*jy~s£ <^jjl ^^Jl .ibJlj Ojil J^-j ^JUil c-?uJ olPj^jf ^ <H*i3ji 
If c--^ ^1 ^Ji\ *ijJ* ^^J •*&* JLpIj fLSJl Jp *JOj*sJ lJL>- 
.U»p jy^- tlr a^ 4) jj^J tpJl JJ~I IJL» J) .uJUu>JI u>J? j* LiJL-l 

y^P ^lill Ju^iJI 

IJlA iJ,jJr^ 4-JW- Jyaiy 'J^l^» ^y^ J^Ai t£^ ^A" J-T- J' <.iijtS\ 

^ X~~J)\ j^\ y_j .\&\ <up \&l tfJJI j&\ > jy $\ tf ^i\ 
.ijjjil II* ^ ^B -As&t ^ iAJi ^ If totf ^Ij jkjl •Uf Ju^J 

UflS' Jf- l^j if j Oip ^TUI- ^ «i ^L^ J*4-l IJL* ^ Ai»l[ 

i0* Ij^Tj iw>U-iJl ^\j\ j^i-J C^p SJp JL*-I «JL» j>» /ui .OjiJI Aj\i£ 
Ujuc- tl^ yjc jJI JbJil *-«Vj tojlJLJi j^—j <^ill c^Us<» ^ Jl tJU_iJ\ 

■ Cig^jlJ jf ^ v-^i , ^-s :, " Jf*^' (il uh**i 

^1 Ji AiUNU l( a il ^1 JUI ^ ^ ji>\ y J\ isl> 

If UL^ai Ai» O^C^aj N JbJbMil 5JL^- ^-\xa tA-ilil OWaij /L-i-iJlj AwuJlj 



25 



■^Ji) • v 5 ^ 1 £• J*\ ^Ar^ pr^ 4 ^-y J^jj t*^ L*i *1>\ma ,j^>-]} 

if N o-jUl oJa J Wj^I ^Jl £U*% >sJ1 & #? »* ft* & 
II* .yjJl y* pjJ Jl l/udl, LL-i ^ OL£JjJl£ll ai&u ^^fc ^JJI 
£. tUjj- ^LiJI l^kAil^ ^JLil j^i ^ 2^1ip obUu _^£, aIT JJM 
t^JJI j^Ul jyLl ^ lis} tJi i3l ^jj^ jgj| a^jyi ^3 jjNl ^ ^ 

C^J J-^V Ji "^^ " A ^ ai J* i./ 1 ^ f 3 ^ Oy^j ^> iSL~>-j jJI 

C^>-l *Jai ^ taApj Lj^aJ l«JlS jte- iiw- Jjla UiJLt Aiys> ^JJl ("Uaj^f 
tij -°*^r*" c^r^l 4>*L-lj ^-U; ^jj^j ^j^J oliUi J[ 2it^U cS^*^ 

jZs- **-Ul J-^iJl 

i>* (*** u*^- 1>* fj» -^-y -triW J^ 4>* ^ «j*^ *# '^^ ci^i ^ 

•^ Si-iS' 5^s<i» CjUIp 4J^» 0l>^» IS" (Jj ,aS"I^j l^.*.>~j h^ymajt 5JLi ii)UI 
jU-ykl Co) >«> *_*jjl^ L**JIj <JL»I >>«^j •5^- ^s^j '^iil jl^«-i jl 

(J 5^>j tZf-y <£ JLiuL j *U>J (.7x^jli\ if LU AJ J-^xxj .jplil ^Jajuj. 

.I^JI ^\fi\j y&\ Jp J'f-jK' ^r^M £~*- j>wail ^i ^ 01*^' 
(_$Jllj . LJjJVj JbL 01 iiaj -5» -J> JUj U iij^**o 0j»JU<3o OyjJLg^ ^/LJ^ 

^-^ r 1 - 1 ' >* (39) 
26 



I • ** f 1 ^ f 1.1 - 1 f' tl 

U*- Oj^-o /^f 1 ' (J (ji^ i Cv , i)]} uy^'j aJu— ^j *Jul ii«- tilu* ^ia* 
5 ^r*~ til ^^-^w U-A^pj tbjL*j ^ j^iJb'U cJLojJI u-jjU-^1 Jl f-\c*^\j 

•fY dl j>s& ty J& j* jODI Iv J^ v bpl J& ^ 

•Mi»* t/* 1 *! Jy» ^JLr* XI ^J c^jOJ L^J Jit jKflU Llif Jbt-f ^ *&. 
^ Oi^l ^ J p^ ^ ^jj| ^1 t JjrU, ,jj| ^Lp ^J| ^Op Jyiy 

SiU- cjUJjjJI dll^JI ^ UUJj cJt^i-J o- u «/** Jl y^ 1 *^ 
1> X* H; ci ONI ^Aj .Jli,>51 ^LdJ oyw'^-l v]^» ^ (H-^l 
cE^ 1 J 1 ^- (^i^ 1 lit: <_rJj tJu/iJ O^ol; cjjjUll ^aj J ^f c^*»f 

Js^i ^ tVU* ^pil^'l JUr-j <L> Ja>l j>^\ f^\ U* ^ 
•^p- 4.1,,A<L (^JJI iJfi jvS3l L / , j~" jrj ( 40 >^r- W-yy <-)^j_J tU-U- j^UU 
<u» b>-jji I3>l j^l^ A^JLr ^ ^>- jjTI Jp j>y fti\ J*^io .<|ir^" c^*i 

^l^llj ?t*iJI <u» jOo .i^Ul (jS"!**** (j**^~' A^Lji> Ja-^j ^^"J *^j|yi (J 

L>«jl ^ jjiT jJLpj S^S" O^L-jj JjIJL?- zyrj J} A*Ui»Vb 'L^' J^lr* 
*Li ^ < 41 >j# j*-^ OlS^JI .L.JL*jJ jli j^ 5^>- Jil ojj OlT D^j 
ijLSo j^JUUiy pj** jpI /%-f 1 j> tU-U- j^j /f* *r^" J^l (*-*J ta-S j -o^ /a .* 
^SwJI A*i*^ (J O^-^iw^j /^jJI dull d)iXv« j»^a« 5^»L>- t*^-i u_i "--»>-l 

UjV,- jt (40) 
.yta*} c5yX_j»j '^"IrG >^*^ (^')- 

27 



f ^fSV i£k £ui» t4>-f JUi» A>-*>L- 4^j jo^l Jj .JjUJI a JiA Vj li ij. 
Wji C? iSfA ^tfl SJuJj LgK i^^iaJi UUaujjl ISCL. jUj ^-li a£bf 

gjUi ^111 jyj 5^*- Jjj iyfj jp "^iai c^^s ^^o ^jJl ^i^aJl OJbc- 
."^ J £^ ^ ^r Jil^JI v^Jb" <^ t( /ub ^ a^, 

(4 2)4^U iuX« 
._^*JI 1^^ j^J clx>- ijy^» iili i| Ojfcfj tC-^UU Li ^ .-*~J vUK" 

Ujlpj nDl^JI kiJUL* ^ y> (^JUI J*>«JI j* 5^ oLlp oJll aJL* *Jux& 

Jl^» Aj Jai2>-I \i| JL*oiy tlj^-y j~£" \*^~>r ( _ r J -U$3 cy 1 ! JvSv ft*iJl Laj 

0^ oisUi .S&ji -iJULs ju, i^ir v^ ^ ^s.^ v>j;N .iuJi 

^ jig iJp aJ X>-jjj .oyu^ fr^li jP 5;Lp aIT J^LJI 0*!s/j cilU* 
Jp «Ju 5iU- j^v^aj ^xVa-» SamsUJI e-LJl iJbh j^yi C-Jkl (OvIUI) Cy- 



. s tfrjJI j\SC ji (42) 
•< ( ^r') -17 ^Ulj (113:1) ( I^M ^A^j >l ^y, ^ N i-U ^ (43) 



28 



J^LJl Ua jj .iJU o^j^i jjJUI Oyjj^J ^ ^ i^JI JaI 4JL0 

v_-*dJl «u--Uj cS^illl (oJUl) dJLc- £>l^l ^ f >*a* *& aISLa Jl^^4 

IJLa Oli £ ja) t jl£il IJu J ^jj (^1) Jii! (oJUl) jl a^U^-N JaU-I 
*> (r>«-- ^ -^ o> y? g^l (OsM) J^ ^tbU J y.^Tj ji^JlI 
^ *Jl 0^*4 vlJUAlj (c%Jl 4>) JU^ jjOJ ^X (JazSS gJJlfrll) J*-j 

<jl £^>Nl jlS" Ujj (oJUl) ^i ^ j* Ul joJl Ob Oj^l ^Jbj .aJU 

(^s^ J 1 ) ^>ii 

ojji 1^ .1^-1^ 4^=j «V/! j^ 1 urr* -»r <&£ -^ ^ 4* ^T^ 

U i.„S. t 4j>-lk* ^ OjJIP JOPj /Jl (~-*iJ S^laP ^-jU^. »1U* .^JaJI 
^ ^ uu-U y > y 1 ! ^ js£W Uj JJUJI £»y. j^l ^-fj l? u^I 

^i .J>i ^rut, ^^ ^u ji j^ yJi 5^-1 i>i-i >^" iiu, 

f Ul J Jbry If 'yj^ c^» 5JLP ^J^l J^- eU I tj Oss-jy clAsr 5^ 
toij^va^ aJU» 55j\ii j^j v!/^ Cr* -^ ^* ^ ^"^ ^J** - ^y^"* 
„UI tlr -^ jfcT ^.W oAil jau-j Jj .J.\J\j JU4-I ^ A^ O^t 
I&jXj ^ £ UJb \y\T ijtf Zjtf oJlil Ol^L-j .^1 (JJj- 0»-t 4i^ 
^1 J^^spI j^Jmj ^J cW Ojl^- (H 4 ^ \)W ^y^i ^ u -^ 

29 



11 *ivi-l <_j 4i>-jj Lit .jJLi aj! ^jd OlSLJl jup bj*£ ^-Ul IJL* D&3 

tcli-iJI Lu^ Cf-^ **J^ C*^ ^ (46) ^ 1 -**' **^J -^-^" <^ 
(_gL L*jj5j \S\ jji s^j (J Oj£-*j tf.L^p-1 0^1 l^lSw ?t*v»l j^JI oJll 

ajUJ- ijJdl O-Lji .Ol>il Uj& (J i^j-j («^***i c£^ tST* jf ^ '- ■ " | ,a r 
. Jj-bM IJiA ik^l^j l5 a*-j" £*>j>*& aMvs ^l;l 5Ap Lf: Ja-^J 'uS^jW ***■* 

.Ojj\£\ (^31 J 0j^~o t^jl* 4jli*# A* J*^ oAib SiU- jcsSjj t^jjjp^j-Jkl 

ju* Jp *UtfJI SijlAl l*~J cCJljy? SyUU l„*-i ,/!» ^bj/ 01 

.gjuJi a->t ji y-si (45) 

30 



J*i jW^ J*-' Cr 4 5apli UJl ^ ^^ »±JULi» i*-U- jl J*Wl Jy ^fJLii 
l tV" *^ coUx-l f .iL^ Jjb. Jp c^c iJi L^ I^JLdi t-jjjji 

o^Ls^t i^ir juji oisLji out ^ i^i i^u j_^ co^i -WiWu 

OlSL- Ji. JiUUl^ £^L| Oj-Jj lOj^ OJbjy al£- .^ ^tj tfjUi 
jjjlji SJP w^sU %{£; CdJj^t. yj J o^ ^ tr ll»Ml J-3J- 4^ Jbj-jy 

01 oisLji 41 iiij t{ yji ^> c-jul. j LiJ ^1 Air ^\ ijla ^ 01 

cU^Jl Jv^ Ua* 1511 iu- ^ .5,171 ^Jl l^j 01 ^ ^rj .^ 
c5jL^j ol,lp t3UyV ^Ji tfL^- ^ 1^ 01 Jp CJbj/ OlSL- ^ 
oIpUv^ ^j'Olijj ^ ^Ll ^> sopUc (48 )r ^UUj J-| ^tj 
fc^^ !r^ f '015LJI ^Lp ^a! 5J\^I juj ojlII ^ 1^ ^j^ 
jl^-l ^Ul c^-^- Jp ISX. .u»J JujiJl ^ 01 JL^j .SjjUl ^JU^| 
01 Jl c^UJ)^ jUmJI ^ j^o U^ SJLjJ^ \s^i l^ JLij c^l^ Loll 

\pj cibdl ijjt Uu^ill^ .iik cLi>b v^Ji cull ^Jb-l rj Jl c^w^l 

j^-i ajj .d^ ^ ^a 01c xlr l4 >i ^ 1^ 4 C %ji <pUJ 



.Olijj .Nji (47) 
.StjJ jlj^y jl^*^< (^■V'J 'iML. (^JU- (48) 

.0U=- (49) 

.^liJI w.l^Jl (50) 

.1557 «- (51) 



31 



t 

L^ ^ J*Ip ^U-l viilll -03! JLp *£/, cJuTy Jp I5X £_L, 01 JJ JU* 

cpl^Jl oJU ^ ^Nl Jp ^JJ tSjjLil jS~UNl tj ^-jli iSlx^J £. mIp 

CJlT (52)^ i^xi jW l^ L,. Cj )5j .L^U ISCJL. l^ 1^- ,iUc ^51 

■ U J^ vV& O^ < 5J ^U!I jUa)l J*p *UI OlSLJU AW 

,jy CjjmIj^jI (Irr jyw* l/*^J f ** - <-? /"-^ '*W ^i"^*" **>*^ «>Aa 
iSJi iyJup (j-^j i=^,i CJ-J"*'} f^J cNjl» iSJi Oy*^J ^U-j-i £~* 
5,^11 JL^ Oi* 1 ^ <^~ Cf l^ 2 * ^^ (J^ ** ^ ^^J^W Ja 5 til ^^ 

ol;U)l Cjjiiu l)jJUj)J1 jlT iibb ^j .j^Jdl^ 3^4-1 ^ :>Jp £• <u*£ 
_^ ^ja i.UI cj *Up ^i OjJ^ I^IT ^.JJ! *U,iJI X&* $ \j& ySlI 

(UT) .JlSi-l (52) 
Jij . jitj jjOSl o-Jdl ^...7) i-j/Jlj v_^iLl ( juu ,^11 i-»J-lJI jjpJ iU53 !_ij^ j*j UJ^iJl iftyJI J US' (53) 

383 Ji-UI, 1 167—166 .^-^^i\ c^^-JI . f >1 

.1^ ^j .^jJ jS-jj ( f 53) 



32 



a" j ci^ "^^ Ir**^' ^ J j^-*s-^ir* f J J^*^ J^ OS' L»J^ 

JL-^- c^JJi ipp JijjA \J£j ciiJJU (^JU-j J&&J. iS^ 1 ^* 'ui^A 4 <j^^ 
JliJfiJI dJUU ^LjI j^ljl Jp JwM <£%* j\p\ Jiij .^ajUjjI Jp tU^Jl 

L-jli OV^ J^*? c( 54 )ai^ aJ <_£JU-aJ j&£-y. c£ JL r" ,j^ ..»jhJi ,_..,.?->- <i^l} 

(J ( JL> JS (Ills' tjjJl 4-^-Lj ijjUx*-l 4j| ( J>- Cj]/lil Jp <UPjl} aJu>- -jA 
Ol^Uaj U*j %^>j f .eUjAj aljjU-j U* jJUJl I^Uai cJL^-l Ja«^ *u« 5^-Jll 
j-^aJ-l IJl» jlT .oyp- alJl>-lj aUvl^i j&&y. iS'^ir^ OS' (55 V*-~-* (V^ 1 '" <J 
q* jiixJl Ai* jJUaj *j>ti» 4j Jb^-jj (Ills' i| cO]^**)^ ^jJl 4jIp (j (C-Ull ,j 

.Ajl^ J 1^ v^-j^J cpJi ^Nl tbjjl Jl yUoJlj (j-^Jl 

illi H ^ <i jy~.IT aAjy (o 01 Jji» l~il£>- Jl ^j 

j^pji j,-si»j caJjU^I^ *~>)/^\ j»-r* &)^ *UJU-I JT *^- c^UaiJl 
Jli3)Jl IjIpj jJp oI;Ip OjJuio ><?b ^j?- 1^ OlT ^li^ilJ ijoJL* *^>-Uj o^pr 

Lp^J Lft^^-I^ eUrj yjuiil Aija> JUP lfr*Vl^» .dJJU <_£JL~- jJjl^-5 (Jp <W»l>J 

ijw^4-l jUeJl -^ jJLp i5L* jl$3 -It?* (///' j J 1 * ^' ^ c Wj 

tijjUl! «-• [jy - ^ ^J^'j -*-*-iJl (J jl^'l ^3i (.\ij^i\ ^y jjjA j\yf-. *A^Pj 
jLib Oj/!^ jlAP^I Jo ^y I^JL>-I *^j>J l;l^pl flij j^Jbjii^Jo jl JjJ^I -5l;lj 

(t^ij^-5 Jl Ij^Ui cJu^iJl 4j ^UjI br flj&l ^i cjJI dl5i jUU-l *l&\ 

Jl ciiJb^ ol;Lasilj ftliyJI JUi. c^l iijU- ^iJI ftVjA OK} .^Lillj o^ 

.^JUi jSjL*. If cj^i ^-tj Jp JU^ ou^iJI Jjs*-I 01 



.^L. ^ j 1 1517 i— (54) 
•J^J (55) 



33 



l^i> i^ SS>* J (56)ju^-t ^^ Jp ^U^iJl ^1 01 JUj 

^isl o^p Jp y^.1 i^i c-JfcT jUJI j^l ^ c-bUlj ^ ^i 

Jj^-j 01 Up j-i c^-^w cfJLU s_^5J OJ^l ^JJIj i^iSflj ij^\ 

°L>^ Cji Jf ^ a* Wkj (58)<u * ^Ir 4 (> «*UM •■** J* Oj->y-~il 
^ jXsi\ lij .«**- J s^LjJIj j>yj-i jy.lxJ V*^ Jp £*i t^jUil Jp 
*->-l 5iU» tjjlx. ,jdl jy> ^ UJj^ U^. jiio- ti^J-l iJLJl oJla 

JAi 06" ^Ul ^y ^ t^jjT dj> jM U^ f\e UL, < 60 > ^Nl 
<u£l .aU*X-Nl J £^i f kUjL?- JL^a* U5^4 Jb-lj J& jvp lilliiV^^uM 

^ Lil oti o^4 JUo>Jl dUL. J! ^ AJi ^ yoJI j& Ji f, 

p&> Sfl>- N b^>- ^jT jP "^sdi O^tft- j£jj t^lylJ- (Ju^iJl S-,^ 

*Jl J,[ <J>U^J^'I a> s-*ij -fj^H^ aj;Jj-^ «.Lil ,, g.,aS-.' CJlT 4wyLL 
OjSwif tLU OjjIp ^j ^Li Jp Ol^JVL ^j^va- ^ S*u> aJI ki-*> 

c >ji ^t lCr «j-i r ul olj^i j^y iij .jui l.u», isjuji^ a yi 

jp y*b ji^^l j£! t JUujJl aJIpI (^iliJj oJLrf-1 !*,> ti^. UL 1 Oj^J 
^Ju^Jl ,j\j lij .gj^. ^Nl i*w- j. /si I^Jbi ^t i^i J! Ijl*. *^-oijt 

Cy^ lH"'' 5 J^ V^ ^*r*i) ^ (t^*^" «^K' »jyw7 oj»j Jy^ 1 U ioJiil 
Ifalp t^UJ^'l j5lc N -01 <^>-i i^- j. 1^^ cl^ Oj*»Uj lylT j*j j|^i 
^4-i UJ- tSyJi JpI J ^ jl^- ^ JJi Ji Jb N OIT lij .iiu ^1 
oi^ ^U-l JJi tjj^-i oAi AJJjh ^U-\ ^ v_Jl» <j)i tlfai OyJjSs JLi jjJLil 

•<l» J »> : ') ■^- i y ^ -^^ii (56) 

.(j^/il) .ju^J : -jI^Ij -^yJ 1 ,j«Jl J US' (57) 

.i^jlijy ^ 4]e% OK" (58) 

.Ol/J-I ju* (59) 

.jits' CJL. {.jj OK} ic~i* 21 (60> 

34 



jaw fy*y oLJiJl 7*JU<aj ( j>- v_iJy J| U-l^ OK' ajM tiiJUtl 

J^*JI ^Jl lij .*iJlll ^ A*JaS ijliL j^lj tSj^Jl Jpl J Ls^j JLdo IJbj 
4jM i.jJS\ 3_*«j£ fy^' vJuiLu-l^ t^JjjOl j_4 o^-Jt^aJl 5_jtiO_ll *JaJ 

dy»iUj O^x-J.1 015} ./^_Jl ^i oI;Lp *-j,I jl dj*)Uj IjL^I ^j_5j 0LS" 

4_-*_»JLil -,-» ,+ ga»JLi t^JlJl j^aJl (j-^ tl^*-^-*-* ULii ,»^.,.«vijl j_p 

Jp iaJLu Ml ij_j~Jl Jy jl JLil^Jl jl t(3U)Jl ij J^-j *- jL ^15vj *>\i liU^i* 
£~~*a CS€" \^-> tjl^dl IJlA jJp [*ijM j^ii\ i*~* jUai-l *bj .,_/>jMl 

U^jb c^l^' ^j* <o" o** - c?" j>*^ ti^ J2>M' '^* "^^ tJl*^Ji 

lylf U-Up l^ otT ^31 j-\j* 01 Ml tftlJipMl ol^ ja \jg jj& 
aJjb ^j .UUi} jjj^t-jw-il jS\ 9 yu 01 4Jlx*U OK' 4jl JL>- J| '^jjys 
u-iM? iu> ^ Jb)t JUii 01 JUj j^J t(6i)^UJl %f*&i JiujA\ yA tftbJMl 
.fUMl Jl fJiiJl Jp j^Ij- j^c M d^ jj^^ ^j*^ 1 c*^' -cK> 

U ij^/" ^ "^ V^ '*^ a i J^ ^ liXij (J^ OKj l-f»tri J* 5 ^ JJ**^' Ji 

■**>• J^ 4 ^*^ J** 51 * ^ *^ ^JJ^ 1 i) J^ 1 O*^ 'cr^" 1 ^ ^JJ^ 1 
lyK' IjJIi>- jw* ^ Jb)l il*iUj (j-^-l jW**jl j vr " ^i *i-s^= '°^trf OK' 
jjv jIJj»- ^ L— i -Ja>- ajI 4?t;Jl1 Lji jUuUMl OK' JUly .*jj^4 
IJlA v^J J"^ 1 V^^* lf&*»-J ^1 ^ ji^o j(Tl iJb 1 IfJL^ loy^^- 1 
5^1 C-^- yb&J ^JJI ijUil J,| ^L>«-iJl 3UI 4iM ij^aA-I OlJiii J OiU-l 



jilT o^L. fJi jK} tc-iP 21 (61) 
35 



lyy-1 iOUj>*jJl jy=U ^ j*a±-\ J OS' ^ JS~ 0l» c*A^I _j* O&ll l-U 

jIpI <_siJl <Jb cJSJl (J lj^>e— Jl Ujupj .^jw^ \yS*i 01 1*^ |y».J-»s.«j 1 
jjjjl f"|r^ ly-^J '^JLr^i (^-fr^J* !A> ^J caJU-l jj^olSJl 0U copjl ijjUll 

oJill 0} il~£ cdlii -X*j 0j^>A'l (t-frvj \&yr +*}£* jV^ ^ -Jis*!^ 

■fjJilJl yl LiSU cL~i>- Nj tu* ^i jy^jj A *-r| ^> 0£>T i^*-^: oJdl 
£ jjl J £U-1 j-^j tj *JI J^b ja*- ^ \jbij ji«Jl y- jj^UH jjJ-1 

t^i 0L ^ ^>\ Jij . ^jS" ^/aAJJ oJ^kjlj jA c^jliJL A^Ju JL- /" i^^ll 

ft * C 1 ' ( 

( 62 »i_ij^ili J^Us Jjlj .<u* v!r»^' 1 J* Jb£ (* ljL> "* ^ '^^ (/V "^ 
J>WI i^u c^SJJl ouVl ^4-1 jst-lsll dUi ^1 0^ ti> ^Ll J\ J^:> 
IjJ^ jjJJI jji^l ^> g;Juj ^ ^^^ ^jA 1 o^ Aj -^ 1 c/^J "MjI? 
L*>^' Ipllp OjaLj ca5j^/I Ja*xj J ajjU ^jL-^-I 0jS/y tL*JI ^y?- Ojixij 



,4X*« 



J^-j c4>JLJV^ A^iJiil^ t(_$ / _-Vl »^ ^U dJJi -A*i cJu^-iJI J>-j 
L*p- 4j JL>o aJJI JLp iS^y ^1 Jb ^J *^* ^r^J !A*Ip r-yiil ■> a ^~' 

OJJiilj A^JL-^L (63) ( j 1 JLJlI s^Ja ijyj tfrUJLl 11a ^ j^SJ Jl 4j)Jf^Jj 

.A^-m-^JLI l^S' lj^> «— >*c*o c^JJl j^/l CiJ^Jlj 

•C 1 - 11 Cf u>r (62) 
.jUSCiU toW Jjll j^* j* (63) 

36 



C^ Ob yJb 4^-jj^ CJtT l^U (64)^U-| 3^| ^ Jj^* J)j\ jjjj^ 

1^1 £. ^ad.1 Jl cJ-tf 0, .^TJUl ouNl £l^iJI JUu>ll ilJi cJlijtT 

O^j 4ja-ljj L^IpjI U^wU c*^I lij .\jy 4^1 ^^ 01 .sl/li tU^jL. 
Aj-Lpj . f U-l ^ L^ ^ jl ^ti .LpJUi j\ l^UjN LI t0ir=; r 
,juT vi^> Jij .1^ Jii <L^. ^ l^^o of Ak,^ cX-^l 

ii *a^ jj^ii, ^uii oir ^aj! ^S/i <o*>-~ii jt. jtww, js%- 1^ oir 
j*j cjbjy ji j^ u^ dUij .i^ ji l: Li 4-u i/i jil otr 

L^b ^UiJ jl l^ vJU, 64 ^ ^ 4jLI 0*; tl^-l ^Jl oU-f J^o 

UJ, viiii d*, c-^j» -u-TL; jl Jy " 1 uu -juu- c-JlT Ul U, .c^JL.1 
^ y>UixJl Uy^l ^Li^of ^k^j £ 1^1 VI cL'b CJtf If ilw 

^ 5JUa tl^-,1 jlS" ^jj| l^N 5^l>-j tOli^r-^ IJlJa oIjUpN jJUi 

u^p ci^- a^jj al ^ ^ -sji jit'u .oi£. jr j jjui iju, of 

«ail 01 jJj tSoJl, JlU, JjLl^ ;0-r>-^l t^l ^ £. JU^II J| ^ 

.CJ»J JLi CJK' 

0)j-i»*JU *jL-JI l^jil 

^lAiJI iijUVl If^l ci*^ ^Nl 5*^- Jp I^ISL- a^j oJL« * 

-^ j/i ^^ CJl V u^ -^J l t}J ° b ^^ JIT-' ^ ±£ »Jf- J 
tc ^l i^Ll j ^1 ^ U^y ^^ ^oj t JyJ| ^. J( ^j 

ja ji&\ l^j ciu-l, 1^1 (65) vy ^| y ^1 ^^1 ^ ^ i^uwj 



.L_jU Lij (64) 
.(^r*) .28 JL.UI, (119:1) U^l «JU«»j jI«NI a* ^ >il (65) 



37 



oJdi J^j Jj -aJ\ Oyrlx^ U JS} JJ-I ^i pljJj ^-^ ^|A 
i. T ^±J\ y* ^AJl ^g^J; ^j t*l$iiJl ^ i^P SaU- o^Uj jS £*U- 

V ^i ^ ipiJi ~»V& ^1 y^i cp>" cf 3 h 'r^ -^^ ^ 

l^ 1^131, cUJaP bV^ 1 ft: M ^ili <6«) ft Vi r sJI j^L Ip> c^j> 
J U5UJ1 Oli^l J jjaii! s^j JjJpj uy^J SUa ^ ii!> A^U 

r*' o* ^ 4^ -^ *****>' *~ *** u ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ °^ JI 

.I*,—! ^.JJl ^ Oitr^ 1 ^i J^j 'o-^r 1 ^ ^ r^ 1 ^* 
CJlT UojiP l^ — iJ £*■ c5 ii>5l ^j clpiLJ ^l SjjII ^ IA OS" 

.1511 fU (66) 

J^*l (67) 

.(^) 30 J^Ul, (120:1) Olyll ^rJ-! -•US' >> (68) 

38 



,uyji j^i jl ji tjui« vhi jp usb ijju. of ji ^>u^. lyir ^i 

U^JUdi. tf j*-l JS' ijJllj jli^v- fli -*^i4jlj" J dJJi Ij^i If oJdl Jp 

t- jj^Jl i"^ ^ jU^Jl U(J| JLj ^JL£ OLiJi j* |f 'l^iHj idJaJkl vi/'' 1 

^ Jl y OlSLJl .IJbr ii^ ^j o%!l JaIa^ ja iiiJp LLJ Ij^iJ 

L«L»co uii* jt^~) L*j jJL*uij c*-i p^~jj[£- ^- «jjJl) 0f>^s L« LJIp ^-f- j 

ji j^i, ^i/ ^j ^i^ ^p jp &L £# u^. (^sji ^o^ii) 

. f Uail J^UI J^l ^i ^ ,^ & ) j~ 3y£ J ^U J*T ^ 

Oj^ijJI^ *~-UI Laill 

oIpU^ L*^ O^aT tJ v53l ^"^ 01p> VI ^Vl IJ^ jorji V 
4-*u r ai ^p J^ tv> J| ^ ^ jjfj ^ >5< ^^ <JLi ^ ^ 

•^^ ^* ^1 'Vi^Jl <Jl Jjr-iJJ i-p- ^j uJ^LsJI Jp <^U 
l^ r^»J t^i^i X1j ^ ^-jt pfV il>l> OlC ^ J^ail l^lC 

? r^i ^ ^^ ^ a j~" ^j 'J^- 1 1^ jp ii-Ji ^ ^ ^wi j^ 

Lj^" oLjIp ft LJI jwjj ccJumJI J ^^-LU UJUa L.U ft Ui3l J OjJUy, 

:kA>-}\ aNji (69) 
39 



Olj tr jpL^i ^ 1j£f *li>)l jUj .^^ jpj J^l if tj ji^i olSL- 
u-L Jl \**> (^ ^ *—* *U- cr* ^J ••>* ** J^ ^> dJU3 OtT 

Ail ^ ^1 ^g» ^L Ji^ i^. J^ ^ 4 g^ j^ ^^ 

k^j ■**' cM ^ ^ u^ t <^i^ j^ xj, oJb * .^js ^ 

Ojja* fo^^i aU ^ ^ <uSLw .jj^JI ^Vl NL$ t ^ J^, 
Vj-i A- ^ Xi ^1 ^^iJ| uJUu: jo> r ^U r jrjLi ^ 

J V, g^ J V ^> j> li%l oyi* N ^U dJUi ^ .JjLl ^ 

s>di jr>\ uu, 4 iii ^ ^ .^ uj ^ o>u^ i^ir or, u^ji 

OS} .^| J5U jJL. ^ J* ,U>JI JJ \j^\ oyt^ \^ jx ^ 

.^1 m-i oy^_ ^ir iyir ^ t-GjjA j^ ^ jui IX^i ^ j£ 

^ i-*T l^ ^>s«J cJJ" ILU ^ jL#}\j ^UJ| ^ ^f ^L. j^-j 

Vs*% J^i Jp l^ii^jJ jtfl <^ c >^o 01 O&Nl OtT jty cOJUil 
jrffll gaJ 50^ &J\ ch c>L| Jp 0y L, JjUii ^ t(1 ^ ^ jtf 

i^j ^J, J^JI ^ ^r dUi Jl iil^l O/JLcj .j^\, ^\ j, 

4S- ^U iJp .^J| ^^^ js^j i^^ j^l ^ ^ ^g^ 

tji^ 1 Ob!ir^ 01 .JjLJI sUjj 0L->1I ^ jvT iJLp ^ ^ tu >^r 
a- 1 ^ I & /Si 4stf ^ ^ olT ajV cj^l iJUh Jl o^io v^iJl 



r-^ 1 <J tLJjs*^ W>5 tA-a-. Ud^j tu-J- , ^U* ^fis U 
OAil ^ LVj c— yj, t ^U>w. ^ ^j^u^ t £>)l IJu ^ JliJI 
.Ui^l M £ >^J d^ OUU4-I ^p lis} ^yi ^^Ji j w yi 

•(r^) .(i2i:i) u>i ^a^j >i .ay\ Cr j^\ ^ J^.lj^ j» ( 7o> 

40 



< jMl yfy U-* j>±> OiS} t a£Lr ^l jtf^ ^ul vUtf J^ 

J ty l^—jJ OjJ^y.1 j\ 5jyi Jl l^j toUpl fcu, ^* icxUl 4iw»Uj 

Ji vyJl a- (eJiVl Li* a*. i vsWI gi^ v ^ a£j ^ t j flii ^ 
c-is-jt J *& JUaJI yi jj^i ^Ul J^ Jl ^ j^ ^ j^j| 
-Lu-j ij %k~* }&A U^k IJU^ t Jlii jj^ij ^ ^L ^lil Ol£il Jl 
<.ajj~* &t j^\ ^Ml JL^ ^ ^U y> U JT .(1)^1 ^JUI l~* 

•JM >^b ^^V 51 1^ c?*j '^^ ^^ <JM c^ 11 ^ 
*V $y- &tt\ j^i ^ jopj jju^j, ^l^JL uuC ^ .^yi 

N V> M^ 5^j JM-I .U-y y Ji- ^ li| IJL^ O^j M 4il il t'UL 
^y ilii ^ \Xi J&j <c lsJl c^ _^„ yjUl jyuiJI ^ JJUil ^ c-* 

> -^ >' ^ ^i J u ji ju Jji ^yjj ^ji ^ ^ ^r 

£J bJi oV yu^-i j y^ ji t ^bli cjyi ^ i^>~ g^i ^ ^f 

^J^J '£j* ^ ty* l^ ^Up JLu*- L^Ut J UUI dX~i t 5Uj Jl; 
fti^ II* ^ ^ ;uil Ol^L. 01 .^.JLII JjJ-l _j| ji^Vl OL^pI 

S-->- *M-I l» l^->- L-U JjJ^j, 5>^Jl ^U IJL^ O^-jU OjybU 

cA 'uiU^yi us»UiJlj JiUjJI iUjj DLyiJI ^ jstT i^P ^a^, trr j 



.XJITjj iySLay %*-j j-j-y UU : ^» (1) 

(2) 



41 



Ojtt% ^lifl J^iJi 



V*^j o^ >* ^/° o^ *> «-*^ fc- ,y -^ J* J*^J o^W 1 
1,^0 v ^ii ^ut, ji^Ai jUl c >- cJ\j Uj .out j i^l j-^i j* 

. JUi* »jJl 4jU ^ _/Sl c^jU-o 



^.^ oli JU* Jp ^1 jjJWl JUsr A>-f Jpf ^ g\j Q&- y> 

Oy^JU o^ij .o^.,^.« iJLi £ljd l^JUj 4*155" ^JliJl (.j J***-* OlT JiJ3ii 
j Ol£JU I^U 0\T *itj iyJLi jj&\ <** iijliSfl ol oU5& iftST 0>^l 
t^l^JI Li* ,>• J* &&\ J*aiJI 1) ^up \&}J- ^jjl t^P ^ lij .^Jill 

l^ ^-1 ^ tj iP 2L>-j SJU->-j Jjf fU- <JI dt£Jl ^ iJU *±JDX 
DU t^iUl 5iL- ^ vi/^ 1 $ ^J -V^^ 1 ,Juh ^^* -W t) u ^ <>H 

ijli-i (3) 

.flUfjt : jiJi 4 *-£ (4) 

.1495 f l* (5) 

42 



dbl tf ^ di W tJ^Jl Ji Jjj^JI 1^1,1 lijj .ppil^ aJ ^y Cjy^Jlj 
Jp jy j 4^ JWj c^CvaJl. Nj iu^aJb N *m£- CmJ .NUr" ^J^l 

oL. l^j cV>i tU^I yk^.1 iJUj ilyt. 5JL* jUu>Jl dill iioil dJu 
i^jdl OU c JUJ^JI cfJULl iiUit" ^Mut Ol^*p jNjI vl^l ^ Uj .< 8 >f*jjf 

t^ljjJl \y%^e>\ Jo- s-i^iJl Lj^P Jji^l j>- ^L-l J*U) OyW ^j; cjK' 



c J^JI ^ Jl Jill ol^I ^ £^ SJ^J JU, Jp (9)^1 ^N/l JU. 
£*iJI j* ^*^. ^OC C J^ ^ 5;U j,Jl joj 1,0 SJLuJLI i*>Ul JT 

oji^Ol iLAUl ^ l^iT IjAp j^j .JL4-J ol^u*. dDAS} cj>*JtJI« 
*->«-*■* cAj\i- -»^JLp Ojjuio lyK' i| cajLLJI vi/^ s-r** cw>i^^ ^Itf 



((^r*) .Oljjil .yJ-t UA ,1 (6) 

.Jill Ju-i (7) 

.(*1JI jA. (^UJI) ^jll JLp ji X^- t/Jy (8) 

V-^ ( 9 > 



43 



OjftfeJjj j-jUI J-a*3I 

4— t .8>jl* c^"l Jl*- * Ja/ (10)jAli J^. Jp JLi^. j><a ^ ^ 

U* i/ji *M <£-*«*& &** la«j»i l**l U& li^u tSL^Jdl £JL. <J (Jill 
.Jf-Jl J <y*V: «u* J-*w U~»P U-.I} \jiSi- Oj£j i j *JaP l-^u^ J-*- J*! 

Ua^ ^i <^ olT ft iydi ^ lu li, .jl^jlU o^U. o^jUI Ji) u, 

iu t*j Li; otr aj> f^r L-i on cjj-i duu ^jii ^u cj& jl^ 
otr ^di ^1 ^ aiu, -oi-W- 1 Ji «te^ W ^" ^ cH^ 0,r 

^ aJU* ^ fbU U* 01 ^Jb- aJI j£ .^L\ ^U. ^L^lCU jjjj 
OK" l*J^ cr 5 '^ ./f 5 * ^ <4>yc. *J*-'j« Sj-i^l </V Ji £ULl •JL- 
|f «j_yl s-^ J^]/- ^*J\ J***, j*^ ,Jl * t-«sy ^j -U-*^ JL ^* t^V 
uo l^U ai OtT ^)l aJL^I aJI (JL-j jyNl dJJi JL*3 c J^l Ji jlfcul 
pip lij tAUi* OtT ^tj ^>'\jy %jt- j* ,j^\ </^ «JLi .4SU*. J*J 

jytfl II* Ji ill*J\ £rj\ tou^iJI £. «iol*j Jg\j£ CijJl Juy Uiy Ail 

tlo-T aJ Oj^j OiP*s—il <-N o^l tj jj*^ 01 aJ ^-^3 *W^ ^^ ^ ^ 
jS^iJl Jjj^- oii^iJi o^JLi .5;_jUII «JlA ^.f ^wasiS 01 J&„ OT U SJLiJ 

JI s-yl Oi -o^Uapl O/ui ^1^1 A«jl w^Oilj aJsj^ ^l tj.^ ^[> <J*j*i N 

•J^ J^i J* 1 p* jfrUl jfrJb^l JI <^-£Jj ciijUS/l ^it 
Cf ^bi^ tlyd* H^ 'u^^ - *&*J ^' ^J^^i u^UJI iJlP jjLsjwj 

.£L*aJlj jla>Jl ^ iOp a4»aj i^LJ ^ «-• tlj-j»- ija> -jSfoj 

1 

SjS-X- (10) 

44 



j* If cj\^3l £lyt £-*r \^a jJ- iLfr jSla>- aJx>I ^UjJI cj JLsr-y 
5ja*-l^> t^^-jJl^ n.j^uJlj ttlAoJJj 4jy«-iJl pSJ Wilis' ^/^J} 4^)jl (J DLiJl 

j»Jk;l^>- i--~~»J U U-i O^isxl* ^Uv> jl jU- 0\>wJl (^***J 'Wjr*^ 

.IJbr Ojjj-P JW^ 40*>Uv l^ frLJl -Jj^Pj tA-Sij tj_/»\i *-ij icr^iA 
.^dp SL, ^ j* Jsj-I, ,jjt ojwjIj ^jU oi^T Sfttf j^l IJla jl£ 

(")(j^Lj jf) cJUj 

iLi a»>t ^Jill ^ J^i £Li J^ Jp Ub ipu* iuju 

j^>*~» ji**^» ^ 4*^34 jvS' A*W- ^> 4(l3l>*Jlf iJUl A^a*. kj .oi^^d* 
*-» OjiJU ^Jl^Ll 01 OjAi^u ^ tU*. £.U-I lJUb JJUJI Jfj .jj-1 ^ 
oO* CUJlS' .p,db*J Lw£»j (ji-^jil 4^* ^ ^J i (j*^ 1 ^ ^M? £• 

<^o>- cjIT jjj tS^ - 4^» j£i Jp ;u*. ^ S-ri>4 <^V^ a*^ oJtil 
^1^* Ol£~Jl .Lb- ^atj ^p aJ* £*U-li Silp xs2j .JJ-I Sj^pj <^«o 
OjkJb£ N v^l «& touts' DjJU OjJU Oyi^uj cUpj LU DjOJ^ 

OJJ j^ C—w-l Lrj^i AjJ^II i^iil eJU 1<4 „n%; ^o .^jW-Vl ^. ^JlJl 

.^ij^iJJ A*v»U OS/I ^j .jjJb-jil (^Jl^. 






•oy o-^- 1 ^/^ i 1 (ii) 
45 



***■ <& -U^hM ^ ^*~J> £&\i LJb 5Ua^ jjJJI fl JLft (MKjjyjj. 

^1 j^ oi j^ .3^ u^ ^i c^j ji 4ir ^ [^ 4ji ij-jjj 

Olj cL^Ip v l^| o|;1p ^^ i^s^ <ui 5jljjO,| aJuk cjIS" tJtsTl^ 
«-*• iUU. V&, J-Uy Li* iUToVl ^ turJjJ | <^ ^JUL. <J cJlT 

o! liA jyji o^ju^ji ajut, i^ oir oytr ^ju, **-i £u j_, j^f ^ 

M J^ ^ ^j>^ o^!? <aP w*=£ cju-tji ^^^ii 

Oj»>>i OjJUjflJl OlS~ lij .rt*i)l j^ iLfcS' ?tiJ 5JL^ ioL *> njjsiA S^i* 

^ Ua»I <pjj OK' j^aiuj c^J^-l ^ Ojijj Ol£~Jl OS* tjUUI oJUh 

sv aL>\~ o>Ui lyir s| t i^gi 4,- j| 1^1 y^u c-^5ty ^u villi 

V* 1 ^>Ut ,il^* s^U *^l ^»l 01 Jb. p+j\j* Jl l^-j j^^J clJbe 
U — -T .U/I osW» UU»i, r (Jli! zfr\ l^ Vj tjJ JWl J*- ^ «-, 

.iJbJLLl ic^Ll ^ £*.]> l^»«- JUj Je (12) 
(frt-j*) .c— SjJuc ^yill J^i/I J ^£ (13) 



46 



J^l (^U £^ .^1^ ^ (14)^1 ^ ^ U ^_^ (i ^ JJ) 

.iU^ o> ilUI u ^-l g;jj| o^Jl 5^1 ILLU t >^ U jL^ ^u, 

CJI} Uj .<! 1^. Uiioy cCij _yf J UJLJtJ ^J jwl <jj| jfrS 

sjs klm}\ ^ui ^b*^;^ ou-jf Jp ^p ^bur o^i o^ julu 

yjJl ^ ^ <^jll ^ s^UUJ icjdl s^U-i cjIT ^Jl oLpI ojl. 

"^^ O^-JLH^ 1 J*Jb >^ *—• t*~* jl^-l Sj^ jS\y OJL. 

j, jjJb j^y N 4iU j^, ^ c->> oall 0/" ^ c>w , Jfc- 
U .UjUdl ^iS3 ^ l^^ jy (^ t _^ ^ 1JLaj ^ ^ 

^ J *uii ^ ois} ,i^j ^jjf au ^ of ^jj *Il o^ ^f 
f y «i|ir u>b o> ^f, ^f ^ir ^ ^ ^ ^- j ^ 

r \) w o"i/i a >p ^ t j^ jjf yu^ ^ ^ ciaJap ^ , ^ 
Uj o*0 .sb aiH 1 c ^ .^. us/ j^i, fJi J ^ bj ^ 8u ^ 

T 1062 /. 454 f U ^ ^ ^ te ^ jhAU J {3? ^ u 129 : 1} ^^,3^ 
^> ^ b '^ ^ ^ * -^ ^ .^J, j ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^, fUj ; ^ ( ^J 
^ ^ Jr-l j, ^1 ^ ogU ^ f OU^ V c^. ^.^ X-J (16) 



47 



£*•* ^1 '■-)-&■ tf^ ^ -^li J**± ^ ^ U* t -.-lM» *Li^ t^i ^ .uyujifl 
j^J SJjJp oly ijj^- ^jJI iiyU.1 <^/yo Sy ^ Oy^Jil vS" U 4,iJJi 



**0' Cr* J^' in* 01 A-^a^uJ ipS" aL^- iusA» i-Jj^l-l <£>- (j J^yj 

to^*5 i>-L* Jl (g^ij ixmai— « l3^J l5 (jWl *-jUI /*-a>j .(t-f7y->- l^s» '■Vr^ 

Uli ij^i jo ^Jl -Cjkj-^ ^j aJIj tlJbr I^Axi* OlS - <LiN t_^UJl (J U-[>i 
S£Apj . oJL>-lj JL» XU^s •-• l*-*V ^^ JLSj UJj .-Wj^I ^-i^J *sLJM lC** 4 **'^ 
\jL^a.» 'W^i jj-* ^-^4 y*l A>-j y SJ^pl SJju *-«U-l ^j) 4jU icLUi J^ 

jbj (i 7 )0Jl*il (j^iJ j^ sorts' JUSI («-• >j^' j^ (^*^ M* (<*J 
^kijj t4*-jjdl j^ — -j^JSJIj lcXoi\ <>\jJ\ Jl J-^»jil ,J,L-iJl vM^ ^^y 
l>»j iLiL-l j* \^Jot-\ Oy-yU ^«U-' ^ <-5 a^j If •V^"^ 1 obb^JL; 

v^JJI j^ J->U-Uj *jjl i£j;Jl A^i ^ i»«^va3i JpI t^_j -^j^- j' 

.(20)^ vl ,Ldb JUlj tiojl ijWlj 4^*iJl ^ ilJLil v 1 ^ ^ c^J 1 ^j 



.o^V ji(17) 
.^ipi jy^^, \ ijUi jS' ailj (18) 

.(^^yi.) .i-^i j« ol>U i"5Jf JljjJl JL* (19) 

,/S"i Ujj .50p-Ij J5J ^ju^ij Jw jl ju (20) 



48 



£^ ^JL^ 1 c/**^ <£r*-' -^S- ^* *-^- j w'j V 1 o^i v*-^ 1 l ^S0 .oU-UJl 
J c^T Uj^-j ■prjLp' jir*^" *— 'bjLr^ ti \r. [f**^. ^ &* ^j^ //* bop 

01 Jj_Uaij ^t-i-} j-^jI* oj-JsjLp OLSLjl jSi .(^>-l ip- ^ oJlil 

1 — L*M L^-UJI Jljl U-Jii a— jsI OLT <^JJI jl^I <j?X* ^ jj| 0U 
Ljjp UjLo ^i^ tSft^l J-i U Oyj ly^j 0& (jiJl (jJLj-lJ-l >..„,?? all *-« 
1 L^li jJUi «^*j '(y^ 1 ^ L^'^J t ^_jki j> l^K* C— J ^ I Mi tl^yJUj 

jJUi J*y .l^lSC- Jl i?-UJl Silc-^j -.Udl v-i*"^ ./•' •i-^ jV v^^Jl 
r-jjji/l 01 fl^iiil Jlii <-rj^ JpIj £jj oli Uy^. ij^)\ JLa^S. Jii 

J& jyVl U* 01 ^^j .dUi JiT ^-T jyj V ^ j| tj^JUj^ JjUi J*i 

.^1 Oli * jWl v 1 ^ 1 J ^J-Ji \jfi If t r UI^ sLU oO-l diJi JL> 

(IAS') £jUJl 55^ Lskjl ^-^ 4jL^P 4--j-L» «-4U-l iJLft ^i JbrJ 

. « ' * e 

.jiftii oOJL-l «^« tiJJaJl ^ ji-S" :Op LcJLi l^-i 0^ O^' ^ ^ ^*^ 
V^* Jl V: ,j-j-U ^^^ If *i^ fjlpj c^l Op *^ *>^dlj viJULiJl Oj^LL' 

c^*-^1 Lf53j .U. v^jlT ijJill Cjl5ChjT Jsail 0^ Jjl>- i^l i^jjill Ui; 
VI* j&\ lSj+I Iv.jXa UU ^ULl JtLijXS\ i _ r J\ 01 JU* i^U- tfc^i ^ 

V^aJl iifiJl i-jjll a!* J JbrjJj .Jjo LJ _^ii«, |f cijJdl JjLxI J 
0^ ^y^ 3 ^ °'^ 1 j]) 9 ^ ^ '-^ P^ ^f~ ^"J J '^A 1 J* a J^ 



JJ-l ^JUU <21) 
49 



j^ ^ ^ ^ /^ ! j>- ^ H*- o* jj^b c^ 1 1*^ 1 
jj < ajjiJi s^iii ji^iSn ^ji j£m ou_j( fJ ji _^ ^^ ^ 

0> JU-1 ^jjl bb Ljit ^Up LSI J^ _yJl ^ ^ ^'i ^jUI 

oy 'f-^ 1 J diiU OK} . V> J-I Jai ^x, i^ t a^ ^ t4j ^ 
0^~-ll U,X^ tjl^r OUJ t^UU UjUll ^bJlj cl^Vi flJiA 
^jLj j^g^j ts ^M ^ ^y j^ ^^i^wo ^jJI td^a-AI 
ob lyK} cib^jJl <u-bL UL-l ^ j^ldl w.j*~^ J> -(^^1? 

^^ ^r^ 'pr^ J^> Oj-^jUj ib>- <i~>- J^-l Oj->lio t^-,1* 4jb-~>- 

u£* i^i jij .^uiji ji *\^j gi o^Ju c^i ^ j i^r pjL 

^IWI, UU Jl 4jU^Ji cUUU c JjVl b^. fJi p««s->U 01 Jl iL> 3^i 
-M 1 o^M V~K* ^1 y> K/ t iUip by j^^-j o^sT Nb.1 
wyJlj tS*^-*. O^jUl j^,,^^ L^ Oyb ^y? ^jiiT j^jjfcj t^JoiNlj 

iJJl e-U J « Vj p» JiiJ OV, ti^Jl Ailil Oji^u b^ ^N j&j tj^ijj 
ft bl ijiU Jl o^jsj *>Ul J^u ^ j* olT «ul Ub- .«^ J^ e b^ 
II* Jlj bj ,Q£a (^Sr*-^" J W- Oj^j Jii br OUjj lUj£J\j i^i^ ^JLAil 

^uu r u, c~>- (22)^iu ojuc ^y. ^ur ^ j bu ^vi 
t ^Aii ^ ^ur y c Lv j IjU jiJi otr f t u^iii ^yjoib .^ai 

.L. JU^Jl ^-IJuJI ^Ul J-i 

<U^aAJ Jw^s^wJJ jy.^vaiJl j^jJa 0^-1 J : Jjii bo|^j Jl A^Jj 

illil ON t^Uil Jl p^ajl o* OK" ^Jdl t yul>» f j cJjSOl oL. tjsTI^ 
\L»l juTb. jJLi aJ ^^iva^ JJUJJ ca^JL. *JL- tiJLil J&-I ^JJ! cjjjby 

Jl t^-i^P Aa-*oj 0"^J >-^1 f^- jj .4*u-j^ OUr>- aJ ^j tbJL>- b-o- 
lOl&l l-U J jyi^Jb b^J ^Tb, Jl A,U ^ ^^j J]u Ob 

^* O 1 ' '^J^i ^ ^ ^ <J -*^ ^ ^y^V- b^' jn 1 ^ -kjW (^** 
.ilb* o^lSb^yiJl ObA^J ^ i.Ul. (U Oil j&- cfJOil Jp O^o-dl f\ 



*— ^ l J***J l «^V ^j 1 —^ i-^A* jUj jijlajl jUj to— j>- c-jI— j ijL: — _* jUj tiijj jU, j, (22) 



50 



oU^Jl iijljaJl oJLa ja JUuJl *Jl 4^-jJ UL*-[ Jl joU dJUi J^»j llj 

J ^jjlJi ^y tjlki Jj*Jj|j k- (^waJ ii~>- t4Jjl£ jS'l dliU* J^U vJlJ^i 
aapU<? V^-l ( 24 )iL>l^P ^ni-v* jU UJL* ( jSJ iAxlv-1 SJLp **• ^g-i-Sl 
^lil ^jSJ 5,jbf jj-^j j.?- 1 ** 5Jp W*-* '-ry^J °JL>^ <3 J^' ^-^i 

Ijj f-Lj (_^>-l '■^"'J 'Jj*W -r 1 ^ »-W , ~ 'c^-iJl i-^-U J| -r-yJl L>-Lj ^ 
Ijj >Uj (.g^" i»-L- j*j t^juiJi v^nJLil J| L-lj <J^ jy~j f cOjii 
w»b ^ Jj^^Jl JUy .LfUl vjJJLil ^a* Jbrjjj oLpVI olJU^ J r-I^Sfl 
ijvaill j_^-j aJUjU* J-^'j ,#4-^ ^-* *?-** ^U^ jL-Jl (j^- •ii^ b J^W 
0j£ S^T >_jLS ^3 t£-*-i)l b» 0>£ C 27 )^^ Oli ^1 ^JLill J CJlS" 
SJU^I »_-jijJljl aJlp A«^aJ cOl^-p Oj-b l»k>- A->)j ifrj^ (X* /*-* V/**" V=* 
^ J^UJI JI 4j J»X*i f UaJL* OlS" <jJUl >rja....ll Jpl tj Jl£i c^iJb 
U c /p-LLaJ! •— J^aJ J^-i ( j£ r 4&jU0la oLojj L^LL-I (j Jo <u»wJj t^yiJ 
jji\ 3% m JjUi ^>-l «JL* .LJUb" r- jU-l J,^ rt*jiJt Jj~o ^^ «xij ColT Jl 

'o"j~^ ^^ j 1 o**^ ^' ^ ^^ ^^ ls^' ^*^ r*-^ ^ < -~^~ W^" 

6 I^S/I flJL* . JULI JM Ub ^Jl t^>-Vl ^1 J ^>JI v^H o^ ^ 

jlS^il J ^V dJJi tOj-^jj-il t^-oVl fjJl lf3» ,j--^ ^Jl jjk A-ill AjCJLiil 

JU-I j/^-Jl fW Jbrjjj .Ojirrj JjljL-I JI iiU* ^ JLj^ OjJjlJij 
(^^1.) .^yjuiij c^vi *»]/" ^ *jU jp V- "^ ^ tUp ' rf L "V^ 1 * r***^ ^ 23) 

1569 a- (24) 

(p^s.) .Ji^l/ .^fcJLl uwU/Vl oi^^ 1 1^ (25) 

, 1 jg p.Jji g^Ul >5l ti^U- yjy U>- ob jS\j* i~*& J i#J& w 4r>-^l jy-^ »^* ijjM 1 '-^ (26) 

(r-.r0 -52:5 

.juui iuji j/ jr j ^1 ,y }T 12.000 £-; c^ir <27) 

51 



tdllll y^ls^ J^ 1 ^ 1 l?j -V^ 1 S^iJjj a^Jl-^I aj ^wsuj totUU £%- 
0s-?v— JLp i^j ^ *ic N dlii 0U t^Nl I^pI jiUI c >Ji 

Si*, AJ ^ <U- jjTI ^ ^ ^^tfJl U» fW 0&j >( ^| vl^ dfJ£. 

jp j_^2* 5^ i^s- jr ja ijji ^^\ s-«iii a>-^ J *A ( Oj^j t-A^ 

r UJI JLSUJI A^Loj ^i ^1 v^ -r^ 1 *4*- V' CHJ -^ ^ 

ji^c^ > WS3 tii)]> v~^ ^W* $j£ &A*-*\ "Jv *J^ 
diijjj tt5 iyi ^ j ^j, c*» ^ ^ ^ °-^ u - ^ °^ °^ 

ap\s i^ cfti^Sii ^k1> idjum *iA i-jJuT j—s-j ojtr ^1 jy»« <> 

>V ^JI J*feL obl^ j\ «J>jij v^W JS' ^ V: Ja/ a*^ aL* o^T 
5^55 aJL*- oIpU 5JIP Uyl ilLyy . J-15 A> C-w V» J* ^ ^ ^ 

jAy. y. aO" SJUpI A*PJL* t4<u*l) Olji^J AA^J jj^WJ *S-»4-' ^ ^ 

^Nl d& .jyi 5^*J t -^>*J S^-^ ^~% '5»*^ ol *i^ 5 W* ^^ 
*it ^ ^ 4SJ ^ aIUt- y\ ja t^l li* J o^-i A*^ ^-^ ^| 

^ ^ ^isu- diiii ^j ^ ^ uy 0K3 .wir yjJ Ji &t lj apu jfrt 

^ j^. JWH dill! 01 .%J ^uM > ^-Ji dri <^» ^^ u*>' 

j&\ j+si\ ji cj/aii ^uui u^ ^yi ^ ^^ ^ ca^i jj-. 

A^lj A^l 5^ jjlil Ol^il IJL* J^J .ys-^J' V^ 1 Jl ^- ^ 

jp i+j2*i %** j*>\*> v j^Lc t^j aJLJ ciiu'ij jS'L^j 0^^) 
i^J ^^l apUJI Jj c^*JlW ^Ui 5jw>5 ^^\* ^^J 'v^ 11 ^ ^ 



.^U«3l j\i 28) 
52 



jJLbU aJu i^Jb-[ Jj .JLJb- j^ iu-l U"5^l J ( 29 ) ,_~ii*j WL~il 
tw<*j t^9 oUj^C ( 30 >JaJL* tOj-i<Pj k*~j£- *U<^Pj c^wXi 4jU *Jji» ^-.j^fi 
01 kiXijI JU-I js^l 01 5^-jjJ U~»p ir-jfrA IJl* 0IS3 .lw> ufJULil 4J 
4J Jj^-jJi j£> *4 «^-^ c<cL*P j^ jj^aJLo 0L) ^1 liJjiJ .Li ybj <ui J)j*j 

J al^ 01 ^^j*^ ^^SCc i^Ul Jjis-o 01 il,t til JJULU U^ ^JU^ (31 )jjjj-i> 
^ ^SJ 4flLLs^i ,j LaaJI ,jl *.«.:>» J jj4+^~\ *-^ s-^S^i <v*^-* O^iP 

W J 1 v-^ 11 c JU ^ 1 1^" ^ '4^-b ^^ ^ u u^ u ' g£w 
0j^*o/j '^^b '^^"i Vj*^**^ o^' jW«^i 01 .u^ dUii Ji>-y 

1^* yts^i l^>j tiyAP Lj-u 1 <_<^^' v*^^ ^*y^ l/^ <y ^^"^ djy^ 

ls^ ^r 5 "!/ ^i-^> UU- ^U-l aIJI jlp jjj jSj : c-jwU-l jl^l ^— ^ 
jj-LJI 0U 01^1 <^A aJI d^>-j .L^il Ox. Jfrt j^ oVl c-*«-^l 

.<u s-iAai oyji (j Oj— jbo 



.jU»i ji (29) 
•u^V J' (30) 

,^-V- "!>' J>" c!^ 1 ) -r^ 1 ^V w-^r-i- 1 ^' > fy- lS-^ 1 ^ Ul j!^ bW* 1 ^ V'^ C JL ^ JI >-*^J (32) 

I :ji) S~d\ Js^-A\ J> fJ^) ^^U-ojyJl JA . jlpjUj *>L^i, i~-T <^,i ^ J^vUI l#U ^11 JJ-SlI *! 

.(j^-ji.) .u^JJl.1 U/j ^Jl i^L-VU -ytil Jjij>y iJ^Jl dUi l)jlt=~ ^j^i 

53 



< J5-5jH a^L ^Ay Oirr^ 1 f+\£ <j~~i (£J^ ^M* j>J^ ^ J ^rf i ' 
iijL. ^U tj^il Xp 0} JUjj .oJui (jJA\ y> aj*)I tt_i— jj ^ ,1p £*U- 

*^u>j^aj Vr^* 4 ^^' -(j - ^ ^"^ Cf ^ J 5 **^ ^ f^-SI i. AJli ulJLii 
aJ^J A^ax«oj tUtf ^^p LjI l^Jbr- iU - .by*^ ^*1 ^ ***j-* (J*' 

JpI Jj .ajUNl ja Jbjli s-UaP^ c^r^ A>L~. ^ oJLJIp Oil^ *-• tA-^P 
Ji« tj^/ji j^ JsJp ij^P J aJLsii* A^ai ^ cA>-U> <U% A**j*aJl Jui 
c~*iil j^ *>Lf ^Lp ^Jl *«J UI^T d[ JU> tijjStlll A-jbJtJl oUUsJI 
V*->J ^j* oi J* OJ JLU1I JUP JjSi .a*jJ AiJl% cjl/1 aJIx iJlillj 

(Jel ^« r-^L lyw j4"l Oj£j UJLtf- .A^^aJ j^ CJlS" ^jJl iwjjl ( _ r >- 
Olj IJb-- JJhLi AJ^ li>- .Uwj-^i JiWjl Jijw (Jp /**[}^ 'ic** - ' J^" <U**h«JI 

JtsP ajU JLiu .Jp «j»l^3l t «a^ll J"^ **-** " i * J, y^ e ^ Jh ^^>-Lw ^^pAjl 
Jl ojUM .^jji juj t..:,.^!! ^_~:sr*P f-LujNl JL.Jli s.b 4jli JWLj .l^-y 

d)Jb»w*j LjK' /ri'iJl ^a» (<^5j i^ywa ^jp oj Aj Ja-^- OJo -^Ai ^^ 

y»j cjv£3l «-.U-l ^Jb ^>-l Jbt«— • AjoJiil Jj ( 33 >o jsro _dl JL*pNI 
vfJUL* i*jL« JLp ijlj Jjl a^Ip «j,j tjjvlilJ ^ t_i~"jj aU; .L^JL5' -L»-LJ.l ^Jil 

AjUjojI ^P ^jltf- ipS" A— jJL* A^ij i( 34 )i«iti 5JL»JL>- 0L^» ajj}j o^Lj 
oUjy? LjIT (AJaJL*}) ^^^awj ^ L^a*i JiA* '^ir^J 'Vj 5 * 1 *^ 5-Uaii i>>t>- 



*> iilsti oij 4-jJ J rj U 4j Tj ^JUI j^AJ v; — ,S'lj -jiSlI y»j i. — =^131 «iLJ -J€> iil> ' Oljjll jlp (33) 
i _ r J-\ -.US' y»j -l* Ji ^jJI J^s/l J ^ !••*»- i'-^'j !**^ W^ >-*-ji ^ ^ t"W-j m*&& £*\>- 

.(j^-j^) •Cft-lA 1 ' «- , lr'^' , ^*W JUaii (34) 



54 



Jij .Ifcjjll ifeM Jniif ^ lJIj" ^il i-yJiil ijj^ ^ SJjUb/lj UiaJl Jp 

,i>JLjil Jj*-L~» A-^ .3)1^* 4_j Jai^ (0}£) >^>*~~« <L-jJ.il jl^ ( j~~*l 
4j*# j^ Jbjl ^s^aj 0l£* j tO-lit Ja~-j J U-tf i^jJl ^>- OK" 

<oUp! ^ cr* vy^ «->y^' ^-1 Jl ^ JU-1 dllll ^3 cjp «_WT 
f-z 3 ^ Cj* jI?*"^ ls ^^ ~^*" •Oy*-^"*^ ij^ Qvj'i^i-* ■SjpM 0j>o ls*^ 
•prj?- 5 -' Jl spji ^ r^b t5 ^ J ^ 1 Jl i s s^ 2jij . -Ai <£y* ^ u-Jj "*J^ 
^jjj Oj*wzj t4plv i^Jl *jJ* ♦Ji*-* -f-Jj jlo S^P jl^-wl J>-ta C~*yj 
.Ai^il SjIp (J oblSfJj jV*Lg-* <*-• J^"' **d) Cf W^J ^r^ <Ls<ai J>J 

^ ^ <»-*r^ L j^ c *^JLr~" J& *^^i ^jLr^i tyj*"h "Jji^ j^ (*-r^j 

^ ^ji Uj-li Isfr ^jJl a^?> (^ijj .-Cc»JUa4 ^i (_5 A^j ti^Jl J[ d\y\ 

.ipUl ^'1^1 jP ^U« t^lj JS~ 

4»jS" Vfta*-j (^ J& (Jj&\ 4^-LJi AjCJiil 4,a)xiU ja -*>J&\> -^yj 
JUbLiJj tj^i fUpl ^L tjj clrr ^Ja^l jj-^b ajflftJI {f J*f vlr^ Cr 4 
U>j> < J5/ ,L ' iJ^H? "^^Ai f (*-^"j' 0^ p 6 - ^" . W L5^*i toU. ;^ Lib L- 
jJaJl^ £-1,111 ^ *-$~**j ^j t^U-l «1* Jp |^>E ,_/>■ yu. 01 Oji 

iibb OK' ii^ t^^Jj Cj^va^-I fl-Uil JUp Oj^rl J*Uj IoS^a .0UUj^» 
ji ^jJIj (*-^»4aj jl t*^>ijj OiVr 1 t^^ tSJlodl ^ry *J]» ( 35 )-.s«a>- 

OJA ^ .JUL jHf*-AJl tlji jjp *J0-IPL*J jl t-U^ (^C^J jl <.jt\J^\ 

i_JLstfl JSJj ^L^Ij jiilSw^'!^ jUS*b/l JoUiaJ o^^ 5-^p o-LJl 
yjA «ui ^L; OlSC ^M- 1 ^ Jj . JS'SO si-Utf jiLil Oj*^ ^jJJI jUJI 
Jsi U*j .Lydil jiPj ijydil JiJWI jl jJ^Jl 4-iy^aJlj tJaiJ^ c0U$3l iJUitj 

(_p^ f^J JS ^tijj tj^jd^o ^Ji&y\ &_)~>*-~>l\ jL>wJl joij <>!«;>- '-ii^*^-! 

j^aA. cl~p- tiiB^ >_jU wJ,S ti^UoJU >lij (jjjl y> j^iA (J^Jl OlS" 0}j 






55 



'i>~~^ tjS^b l £**&i u"U\ ij^j cOjjjtS' y^j ^pl j:\j^ j^j JS" 

t*- J^i ^l >M tolil £-*^J ^ ^ ijjdL ft LiMl ^jJA jsj 

Jl J^o, <jN diii .^1 l? 5j5 ^ (36)0^1-11 ^> Up OIT U Jp 

J^~ i/^r i/ £-"!/ *=** -^ J* ^ ^ '^* ^i (H-^*i Jyi 
p^j Ol^uil aJA Jl y>-Jo Ol VU-j iyil ^ ^1 tjJJi ^ oTUUj 

|i (n ^J t^i*^ J' !^A! ^^ i^*^y '4j*# _jl j^ji sal (vf^^j jIjj (j^Jly 

A*u cly^U«> ^1 |»^2jo jZlj i SilxJt *j[y: U^ J^*^ 'CjIj t^giy; lyl 

J^2jJ t|»^w^ SjUjU* \jhJoLu^j 1 l^->r t-r 1 ]/^ y j*^~\ Sil*-* oLiJl ^A^-J 

J^^-o t j5 Uj/I ,__^a*J tj oUi^-^4 iJj>L* ikijjtZ* CJl^ oLlall 0| ^_J>**' 
Lpjj< i^jjli' ^So tj\*~JI 4«jlu ^ pT*^ C-JB' S^-*" *-*i*5lis Ol} 'l*jfc* 

ujJNu-y Aw Jp w2^4-l £11; J 3^ jU j*>- J JJi JLu £^i LJU- -»iU 
J 4lS" *IU £fr 01 JUy c^LLjNl j ^Jb/I JUL - d-^ toAil ^ iJ*# j! 

ol aia^i Jp j^i u £% .oLiJi ^ ^i Nj ft ai jb ^i ^ ^o 

tj M coJiil J>-b Olxii Ol^lJl dJL* Ja*i 0. ^ l^ tUI xjaJ j^C 

^_^i JL.I JL> ^JL^- j»JI -i^4 (^JUl Uu^l jj^J .LjiS' AJik-AI jJ-o t_^JL!l 
ui***^ (J^ - *4}i ^* ^^ 'cr^lr* ti' ^L^pJ L>- ^ Sorts' obi ig^-l cfJJj ^ 

j^lc~« >«f*^P 0^^*^ **^ i_S**~iJ '(-Cr*^' >^ 5JL>-Ijl t L^-Jl (J Sjj^-lia 
eJL* t_3 A-^9,1 UJai (*-plp f- j_j (JiJ^iJt Ol liJJi toblil t-*ljW9 jjp ^JjLjNl 

^ *JLw» (vAJLjli .LjIw(I s; i>i^i A^-L^C dyjij (3]/j i^l) y^Jl 'J-* jj oilp 

(,^i-^.) jUS^Jli «;jl«r _ ^*3^.' r ,-* /*i (36) 



56 



• o^il dUJ ^ LfJl |^W ^ l^v ^ J.I & cS-UbU L^jl 
. jjjP^^-II Japl jJI *^ly apUwJIj Jy^Uj ijjjSji* J^^y OlSC-. 

\*^h 'J^O" <Jl J-^ ^* r^" o* ^^ ^j-^j ot»N ^ o^-JSco 

^ jl tOjlil ^i-l ^4 jl t^j^S o]y^- OLpMI c£-*j)j .^ytstf oUUp mu> 
AiJ^Sj .Jil olit o^J <^^ **WI ^Mj c^Jl (^jylT) JiUi 

jxJl ^5 yl^4-^ jj-^ 1 ^ ^r*£y cisaiil^ k_-jhiJl ^ 4k~~ilj SJjlil 

< r uiVi ^ ^^ ^yi j.ia\ j\ y j-\ ja ^u .tfhj y\j\j 

•'-^ Crt*^ ^JU*£ 0^y°-3 ^^b ^L^ ur^ ijUaJ^I 
J*' tlr* .A"' fr^" J* ^"^j '«^*~^ pr-» ^» OlSCvJl J*Ui» 

•A-**Jl ^ j^ ij*^ tj $\j j^J\j fs+U\j ^iJl yj jp. %jai ^i jV t^-^- 

OlSLJL lo^- iUT ^Jl ijjdl .Ljjl Jt, oyj-l uJU»l -y^-j ^>«5._j 

.dllil J^ ^ JT t> ~*o, 

cr^V ^^ Ji ^jJ^ 1 "^J 1 J^J d£ 

hJ X^j a} c^u- i\JLJ[> JUu^Jl ^iJLU Jj^li fJ j^sil 11 

.tLjil p^iT I^j ^ tjU-^Jl ^Vl ^ ajip l^*5Uj 



57 



V*!) J^ uh 'J^ 1 ^-M ^ l^ A^i cri;- 5 ! tfV ^ 

^A jo^'l II* OlS} ciJfo (tvlil ^ ^ jjb^'l JJ-I J* ^jU <£**> 

^-U»jJl Ju^ o^ .iL^-l i^jpJb £*ydl J Nl U-U- ^1 jUbi jjiwy 
^lil ja ^-i £* t^'ily Sj^SL^ (/ ^lil dALc ^jjjl oJUt jo^'l Ji tJ -Vi diU 

il OlT .l^iT i^Ul OjjyS; ioUl SjL- I^K' v^ 1 »& 'f^" 1 i) j]^*^ 
JUj>J1 jJJLt 5^Ji>- J 4*^*5 t^yi-^ LS"l>- c^JjUsI cp ^ri^^ jcJy ^ 

c> l^-Aj j*V ^ cf ^y* 0,r . ^ ^ tCi -^* ^ ^ 5j - 

^-jli ijUlr t^liU-l JI AiUUl aJ Oi^ .U^ jl W> Irjiji oljty 015LJI 

JJLL. Jp oljU^^I ^ jW o* ft: O^ 'y^ 5liAl «r J ^ ^^ 
c^JJl ^ J^ '■** SjcpL^x ^U jJU^ JUpj filial \j\ja f>ftj 'u^V 

.oL. of Jl ^ JUu>Jl JJLL. fJi* 

.^<L*I .JwjJ j^J L«^p jy^ 1 ^ ^-^ ^ «-*/" j^-^J 
!^ii ot O^M ^^ aX - 1 4 d ^3 'Wis J^- 1 oI * c> JJ^ 1 ^^ 

jos ^ gj\ J j-U^ f-fr-W-b tJLiAI ^^\ r**^ >^s>*V '&* 

JUU y»j cO^-* ijJ^j i^£ jr-\ ijsi ol;La^ 0^-1 d^i j&-_*iJ^ 

U*^ fU13 *UJbU ^* Ub 01 t JUj>JI Jil. o^ J U^j OtT >■! ^2^1 
cJ^Jl J 4j j^L) iilJuT jj^jl ^U U^» c^^ jl^j! fi jj^-1 If .*-^> V^ 
^^Uy jJji ^4*11*1 Jij i'<s*A ^ l^ 1 * -^^ C^-^a $ v-^U.1 

oi^ii ^ j^ir i^b • W" ^^ ! b^ u '^ > *J1 ( ^*\-^ 1 ^ 

O^l^ilj i^-JI cj v>Jl >fj 'i^ 1 J 5^J 551/O^i cjUU yk^lj 

58 



^j* J-li \jfy <L~~>- tJlL?jjlS*— « ( j^»- 1^-5" *>Lg*- lAxft l^i^li tJa-iJ 1 ,j 
tjjtvSn^ Lj^* Oj^-lp^- Jl 4^-1 Si^d LJLf I^JlaP /r ciJbh ajwbr-j ^jJIp ^U 

A&j&L* Jjj^all Ob 0j^>-1 u^^? 'J^-* - ' OjSw wjU«*jVl Ob -jJi^^ 

01 J* s?U' j» !^!> • J*- 1 !? i&k ^' j* ^ u- 1 * ^ a - Jj*^ 1 ty 

^Lttl II* Jpj tjjjjl £>Ua=JV cUU-l ^ £. (.UNI Jl iU^UaJl ^yj 
«^j jj^-l j^ ,t-A cL-*-^ tajLi-i jf- \)j&j tOU»jjbL^* ^ JUJI j»jj l^aliaJl 
SW jjXi cJUaU Ijilau^li C4;.^.a.ll A^b^ 4-*aJUI C->b>-bixJl jlfJl tw*j J 
JaI^ oJ-p jL.j c^Jjby jjy ii*^ J <~**JJ "J^-j J^ OcArT jj^jl 
s-ij* J^- j lax* j^jL-j .jv^^j^il S^^ (J Ail^i (Jiijj ti*ujiil J o^Jl 
Lij .J*>UI f^Aja^-V Sbill JsLvb> < _ / A»w a<* t4*JJaJl iji>- j»^JLio tJlcoNb 
^ £*JjJI c^~Jl ^Uil bt ^JL^. j^w-JlI f.-U)l £*li-l Jl j^y. J^s-j 

^ jjj^Jl «w-~j tiJ-Utf yf- j^iaJl Ob jj^oJULy jjy J| l^jLil tjLJVl 

£tii lij .^li wjL ^ J^-aJl l^j^ <UjUsr-l k_ji ^Jl oUi^uJJj Ol^iil 
j Ij^ii^ tjl^-Nl ^ «_-j^ J~>- «jL- J 4<y. jSy AjjUil jijajl (Jl^'l J 

J* 1 j* oy^ 1 u-**^ j«y ^"^ 'j& f**^ oi ^ ^ oisC jr 

«_^» OS p-g-^*j 0^ twb-l r-^r-x J* I^jJ -r 1 !?^ ,y- {j**-*J 01 4-yJI 

cgjjl ^*iJ^ cjj^aJl (J 0j->«--il jU- U^» t OjiUl aj j^-j to^ a^j ^jUI 
1^1 o->-j t(J ^/l jIjl^I ^^ olSCll dJUi J Aiyi^l ol^iill ft Lc LS i_ ! 

OHj^ j£ A»l— J^ (t^ir \y£j t^LJLI oJUb ^ Ij^ Uj .Jyu^f i E ^J 

jj>Jl J 0^ «oN V yVl y. 0IT jr j\ p*. 01 jiJij tt/ l» ^Aj j* J^ 

jojby 5^-j. j i^jir ^aji ai^s, j^,^ .v]/»^i aJp j^u <i^ jjXji 

'V^ 1 V^. Jl 5^j 'o-^Jl J <S^ Jl o>Jl J*lj cojpLjJI v b Jl 
'u^V J ^ viAJi plijiJl OlT .41* ocfjUU OlSLJl L? Li I^pjI d~?~ 
4ViaJl 1^- Ua^p 1^^ ^JUI ^Jr\ j* jig iOpj ^U jJLU v b; jl^-T ^ 

4JL- cgA^I J SXp JJ\5 Oj^* t^A^ r-j^j 5-Uip ii^X ^J, lyL^i 



59 



l>j)\j jjJ-j a^I ^j>\ <ulpl 01 Np liii^: -^ '^i*-\ iU- l^ojL; g|jJ Wa.ij 
^ JbJlc- :>Jp -jf- C-yL«\ iCjIpL- ^jl ^y JS\ 45^*11 C~«taj -4-!/^ ,_)*!} 

_jl Ow»jli lSj*- aJ yc 01 *..}az...j N c^Jiil jl^l ^J. |yUtf>j Ulj .^jUt-jNl 
Jl JU^I _jJljIj> £ a 01 Jb- Jl j^j^ Jp JbM oall J»t jl> cU* aJ^J 
aJLLj> JL>-j Jui liJJi *-«j cOj/^V J^ ,J&- oJ&r- «-» s/^-Jlt (J <-^j*yl 
<^ yn j\z>-\ aJ dyu\d\ AJjUU jb*-l Uj .AijUIl A-*"- A*j\jL* j io-JaP 
ja jdS' }J& ^j ja OK' jj^-NI ^j^J 4^ Us-lj yii. 01 Oji Oif^-^ 1 

Jtfj tp^jji £~«^ jntJ^ ^UaUNl Jp j^jlp t( ^JI J 5)l£l 1^ Odil 

ajjUII 01 j^ .b-XP _/Si j,-*) jvjii'rl^ (Jp Ojj^ (jijjp**-!! [j^ji 01 *-ȣL- 
*u« j^jJLp jj^ t^Jl j& ^y iJu^jj [j***^ 01 J*j cjJjl^i ^15 t jyoUJl 

Ijilp f .Up .^S^ y.j ^-U dJUL- ^-Jli ^-y J» -A*j c*UpNI ^^w diU 

LtJLiu j^-l JiP J SLUl dJUb" lyly t-J^UaSi' J «-**>• l£^ (ff^ Ir^^ 
tjj^jfj ^-L. 0^r>^-il J^l •■ i ^ b lAr^b *^^ 1j-Uai (^ .^U^j c^» 

60 



Jl lfM~.lT ^^jj .j£\y J* 01 Ji ijytyyNl \^ ^& [^ <^ 
£• yjJt ^ Jl W> ^ l^ 1 Ujl * Mft 01 Jlji c^ai^l 3>Sll 

.C> : *J^ ^»~^i of ji s_f$V er^-' 17 -^ '^ ^ C -** J ^ 

toJUAP jTUJ c5 jlr^ 1 W^ u i^ Dir* ^ o& 'V^l ^fSV ,^ 

C* 'CirO Ol 7 ^ * is ^ 7 "**" ^^ '^W 5 ^ U J^J 'J>^ !^J 
Jl t i^~i v^^ Jj4- c5 J~oj cSfcS" 5^ ^ C^ ^^^ ^ (38 X 

^iuw» ^ Oj&o |yK} s'wu oj~- J ui~^ ^ ^b ^ °i 

IJLfc j, juS"V SU cu>-l JiJ . jJL*JI dUi Jt^ cSj- £~! |l Of J-m»I^I 
^ ^1 Ji yj JI ** ^ <^l js^H J*M MJ Ji-I c? ^J <>" 
j^\ jSLj .0>^ «u* J>=o l^r V-" y ■**# ^ u^ ] J^ -»* 
Jnc ^i (iJJi Jst-1 ^j oU)3l ii-P 0^-*j toJ j .>.^ a « iL-5 ^ jup 
V, ^1^ OlC j^^Pji V t^l ^ ^ 0j& U \JU c4*iil ^ 015LJI 
lyiJl Jij tj^l 0^>- jl jU*iil £w» jl OoLJl tj fW*** J**iJ *v]^ 

U i>^pI ^j .Sjj— ^ j^-b tS ^* ^ 0\Ol AiJ .L^p Uid jSyfy 
a^>- J 5^i* ^j tj^-l «L* JT ^ ^f^" </N »ft^* OlS^il lift c^ 

.^yii l^ in^ V*>^ (ji^ 1 W^J W?^ *«^J 

^IJLaJl 5i,UVl Ub. i5ij*-ysM iJLi ^ j>j> l^l^L- S^» o> ^ 

j^ Jp t JLjJI .If I ^ c<£tff ^wil jjikjl ^Nl JL- J^t jO^^ Jp 



oUpI alj (38) 
.jijiJl ^ Ui. .xrUljj *«-y irjJJI : t>" (39) 



61 



(.a^p- bi 01 JUj c5JLa51 ^^vij <y flJi* f^f-i t**^ -r^ ^^ JlT*^ 

jjjji o^M jp ^ j^\j .»>' cjir o*r ju> 4P\yi ji ^ 

Oyy ^jNl a*J* IjJbtlj 01 Oja I^Ipj w»yNl v^ iS^l J* ^ 

!>|j IjJlP 4^ js^l lJUfc J-> t^-li liUL ^ *W 0* C^ 1 **! l/*" 
ioJdl c-JL-x-l f ciljUl t^Jb-J i) AjlsS oliJJ JiUJl iUjj OL-yJi ^ 

^ w^sJV* c~4-~JlJ (jilj £~> .*V jlr - ' <-***" ^ ^—^sb tM*' W^ ^r* 

<( U*-I a->-Lj -J*^' 

.(.yiiJl Jr - tS,U-l co£>" ^ ^ tjyyLl jj- tCU^jf tjUa-*t tj^l 
Jjf- l^ ±u£ ja\jA ( _ f *-J (S^0 ^Xi j hj jS\f tf ~>jtil Jsrjy 

^1 1>* (b t 1 "*^ ^ , i/j 'vjW cr* ^ jIt -1 ^ W^^Ij '^-'j ^1^ 

.fjbr OlCJ\ 5^ 4( <JiMl lit: Jl^r oU ^p ^Jl^J 01 



.1515 ii- (40) 
62 



c*i)c)ji — J — jljii OV 3U-JJ i-»jii 

aJ JL^: 01 ^ Ai£ V viJJi j^J tJ*Li AjN tojlp rJiJI A-» Jai-o .U-U- 
j^ l t ^3 lA-^Jaii* tiJL*Jl e^SS" iA>U>«-i JjU ^j te-i^wi* aJL* S^b. j^ 

jyl J U> jLi U JS" JjLvaj" t^£ AVLi~Jjj iULJl ajIp ci Cy*-' ***- 
!^A t<u-Uj aSTIL- •-• 0^>cjCj I^Lcr O-lLl Ol>*» ^ ^h^j l^2J ta}j i,ji^ 
[^ «^yaj ^1 j$l lilbj t£*-iJlj J~**Jl ^ jiiSj 't p ^' OUIa* j^ A^^S" 

o-L* *J> ,^-J .iUJ! J f^S (j^>-l j]^ jJp <^Jl>-'Vl O^L«Ujj 0^-m .«-i-ojJl 

A*£j olJa*/M t,j\L> /j* A£)J) £j\mj£ j\ (4 2 )$U^ «;l>»^ A-U* |»jfc)j^ iS;j*~i 
j**! t£-Ui Nj .J~U j%p iiU*j L* S£*~* ^j tjUwl J^jjf- j\ 'jb^' 
jl /^"L-^ aJLc ^ "V| LgJL>- Li>iJ ^/j tl^b ju> **JUp a^x** *&y>£- 

AjLiJl iaIJI jlp ^0^- JJ-I li^ ^ tjt.fl/c IxL. ju^ tJu^iJl Olf fll 

OLyiJI j^ i_>^T a»jjI) il|/^l JbbJl 5Uj QA aJL*~- aJUaJ Oi^ 1 J J*J 
l^j .«jLJI J jU^a jj^b" tjj-l iij^Vl jLJi ( 43 )^-jl» 5iLi tijUll 
Jl teJLi UJi I^Siw-J ^li i5;y^Sl ajU (^ ^Ul Jp L^aij IJbr UjIj Ai^fJ 
01 Oji t>-l Jl J~>- ^ Oj^jb^ Lyf yjJl t^JA ON tja^-j jLp J^o U&\ 



v^Jl ^ _ uUVl Oy ^oJ^I Jfc-yy 1^1 ^j-IWVI oUi> Jp ^ ojij ,JU hyjil ^3 j\ji\ (41) 

.(jiiiJ l^-imi J»t) J)i (42) 

■j* b («) 
63 



^UVl £ ^jA juLj <JL*i J oJtf-U L->- UUii l^il ill^l 0l» 4T 

t^r>LS jjp^fi Urn o\r ^i cjj-i us ji yu<y oi ji cs^j V^ 1 

s jj^I JU-» 0j& y*i j& .0&. JpI Jl aUI jl* ^wJlj cSyp UjJb^U 

01 Jsji ^ JL-X--I JtSi ti^>- 4jI ^ aJIpNI ^yi ^pfc 4J*!l/} C^Ju^id) 4*jIj 

villi .^x^Jlj l^tjix* jl tl^T Ip-L. OK' JLSi .,j£*SV Ji iJ^»j jp- -uL.1 

ac-JoIa l^U-jl^ tAij^ l^v* ^^ LiUS"! iJ~U Ji (U^»J cS^l jjoll 
jt^pjij OK* (jJJI ^.Vl tAywail oi^l ^j aj5£* /li «^ iV^I j 4*j>jy) 
Ja*i. JL. tj^^-l^ OK" (^Ul ^jUJl ^£i 4oj^l* ^j»j ,y p4*&} 
■^ <JU dUi Jsrl j^j <f U>l aJU J' JI^L yfj 44m IjJK' ^JJI c&**~^ 

x *Jt>Xj> oy>w^» >_..^.i ^JUl ^ 4J;Uil 0^ 4»jJp ,jjJJl j^Jfc Oijx^-Jll 0} aUI 

M^Uj \jjL^a OK' ^JUI Lk^-I U/«-i C-isi 'Oj^aj Oi?Lr^ ^J* ^b ^* 

* * .. " * " * 

NjJj tjJL»Jl uJ^is<» cix>-l cyi^ lyj Uj?- c*^- 11^ «! < j^ s oiil ^{y* Jb 
Jaj .Uju jv^ IJb»lj cJba Ujiaj jj^VI *^ili^/ caJJlj iiiiaj cJbS \^l 
*i^ji dJJJbj .i^j Nj 2iii OjJj yOj 5^p Ol^sil Jb^-I ^ ilgiLlp ^^^u l^» 

.^Jl ^ IpU Jlj Uj c^jUJI dJJi JL> o}^ sap SySll jp J^o ji t^JJl 

64 



*■•/»; ^Jl j\^Jl i^JULJj jj^\ -^ jy£~4X* t- j>*Z-~jd\ ^ *SS_ 2 IJLft -SJ Crcltil; 

CyoVlj ^p^li-l JsaaII 

<U» >t*Jj 'ji^Jl ^pli^jri OUb»*JL*} (jj»LJl ,J^rl -r-^~ i_M~^ ^*^* <*-*i 
JjUlioj ~>J~\ dj*£ ciLiJl ^^sii j^ jiy. *uSwjj ( 44 ),*JVl ^^ J*£ ^ 

i»Jb aJlAp jjl>*>-l If: OjiJLSj *JUiL 0^»JLs^ *-fU- '(♦•rift 5 *" A^ ^• 5 
oij^Jl JbJLi JJ-I IJL» .^c-^l (*-r!ri J* ^h 'JJa^l ljr OjbL *^l i>-jjJ 
J~«Jl} tjyuiJl -ui j&j d\ ,y> pJ-„ N li* j^J c<*iJl tj pisJli Lib j~X* 
u ^saj i)L* .SJLsr jf- J-^jj c LU aJ yull OV co^waJl i-ilil^ *^iJ^ 
4i^xJU i-Jl J^JI _^Jli ^j* ^ o^Jl ^ JUi^/l ^Uj coJUI 

.JL>**** jl xUi r-jj <-Ji IJLt U L=M IJlA J ^1 ^b JL>-*j 

t 

50^ ajUJ. j^ ryij Sjli.Ji Jor JU 5, *ij co^l OjOi jaL- J-sr 

<U« jl^» JT Jj trth'lj Uj!i o^-*>L« J^U i«i .Jill ij^r* - ' A-*> AJj ibyf- 

( 46 >^J\ ^y. Ijy- frliiJl J i^^ 1 ^!» J*A^ '-^3 '^J 5^ JJ^-^ 

.ijL^ jlj (44) 

.-O-l -il^l, ^b ji ( 45) 

.IJyu Jii_, gJill jV ilJi (46) 

65 



\jy?- Nj Ijj^i Nj Uwj olS^JI JUa^ M . jUpJi.^1 OU*pIj JUj-tJ-l «-*J^ 
- — ^ * *■ *■ & 

ja JUT pJ> jW tj>-l 0l£* j* JJUJl. OjjLj tlJL>- i^b ^jMl ON t(j^>-l 
• *i*Jl Jjb -jJJl ^.^ a jL i Nj (<Ju*aJlj a^il J*5U- c^vj^lj jj-»*«J[} O^ 

U*-J ijl» jAJtil -yt 0»*1*J l*JL^- ~f\ <L~£; tcJL^- 4PX+/2J l jyi>-ydD 0*J^*j 

ijJl IJa l^ 0*£o iLl* (j-j"^ 4 ^>*i^ «-*^" "-r* 3 ^' ilr*J •(n i ^ a * lA 

1^-J ^V tijJdl J*l j^ i£jia9- ^ t«uoi Vj ^U j^J} J^u V .*_Aw»Vl 

, jj^b^JI oJlfc 

.flj^vx* 5JL* -^i jj,j <UX~o tOJj^Jl JbXi JjJfcli 1 /yl i_M"' '**•* 

pJkj .UaL-I If (48)0^'l ^Jb-jll il^L. jO j6\ J*jJ OJL. 4i»J J Jbt-jy 

■ j«-A-5 N Vi <_3 OK' (^Jlll (^JLgil ^-aJL* Jj~-jJ (H^J^ SJLiJb OyhLo f.li*>- /y 

£l*;l ^ (♦JhJL* j£j cli^Ul iili* ^ Oj^ N jU3 itf tc^i, j^U 

_** o,j\j»- L»j J^4-l IJLa jl** OK' t^S']^ J* 1 uJuj^Jl elr*-*' ^ -^j^' 
4il Uj ^Jb-^il ^">U ^ <iL ^X, OIT t^lil tjS^JI ,JuNl u - i; al (^^. 

.cAJ . J-^> J -~£ (47) 

^i ^j ^-^ (48) 
66 



^5 dykij ^V t^>\y^S ^l" igX. Ji J} Oj£-*j cfcb* ii%-j 

.jyLiJl Ipi OjPjjj cC^Ji *M^» ^1 jl tOjfcjJl* ^~£* <1T JjjLl jJ^jl* 

cS^jJp ^ws JjU^- i*ill ^ j^>cy .jj^b J.y*^ cy °^ -^J 
JU-I jlC ^ ^rl OjiV O&Ul .J^Ji J JL^fl ^SJI ^ ^j 

dJJi li^a If »L,JLy JJ yjJI ^ yf IJU if : ^\*% ^U 1 ^ c^l 

<-^il ^1 OjpOj iw y»J3 j^ ^1 ^i pjfcj ca^^A. 5JLi5 j;*xdl ifb* 
0> iLjiJI ^Kl ab jv^ j^py tOUyiJl j, ^Op ^op ^J, cU>I OlSL, 

.LiL-l If u*&- j flJ!; st, cO^Jl ,*JLJi Ju« (tJI^S/l) ft N> £. jiJl ^^^ 

yr^iJ iyrj V <ul vi^ ciuJl pW jy* ^JbJL, slU, JJ-I Li* JU 

dp cJU Vi/ L| ^ tj L*o-^ oijb ^ £JU. 5JLp ^l^Si ^ J^y 



.37 { yii\ t 3 — -\=£3l (49) 
■(p^r*) ■^ J*^ J! %* 45 ^ «U. Jc juc : jl^Jl jl» (50) 



67 



£UJt 

^ j,Ul JJM J£ c^Ul ^1 ^Jl&l JUr J^-t U,? l-Uj 
i^JL- £A>j c^iJl ^ *£~j .<3^tJl V^ a* iji^ J^J 'VJ/^ *4* 
"W!* 0>> j 1 ^ «kJ ^ ^" .(5DUL.I ^ cjA>ai 4 g;UI 
^ jvST iJuo J*? y»j <^JJ jl^i^l ^ U>j c c UJl^ <J*->~J|) 
yjS-yd OWaij cJ-pUl ^ 5>b ^ ^j&Cj '^^^ ^Ift ^ oV ^ JI 

oJla oy y^ 1 «^Jl* V>-i t/ 51 **$!* J-^^ 1 s^^ ^ ^"^ 
.^jLj oj-^Ii ALL, L^* b\x£ jj-aUI j^I ^ bJ :>£» j>^ 

" " ' " .^i ^ ~^ cjy» 



.3 ^\aS3V ( 40 J^ill (51) 
68 



-I, Jb-yi JyaiJl 

jS]/» 3&L* ttijjz- f&\ 

U J)A!\ J*- JuL, Jl W 0=*, C^^- ^ttl* l> jJUJl J^-J t'^i JUjJ 

^.i^l^ jyuiJl jjSdS < j ; x3j c«*aJ1 j^ Nj Jill ja \ji£ dj~~£j Nj 'Jy^ - 

Ol>*Jl i_ UpJ^ c^Udl^ **j-^*-' (*^-L> ,v ^-ap *i>L^- (J_j .e^-S" i-i->L»5C 

AjV lyrj V .4-*iJil r-!>L* A^aJ CJtaj/j J^V* J>i ^Li* ^ JiiJ c£Jlil 
i*^*J ijJl ,,-^J S^jS' <_£,» >J ^jh U Jj iaIS" xJiNl (J 5)_^w4 A^ai Nj *Uj-L« 
^(j jy«l t£\ Oj-b LLfj^rt^ V* (^i frj}^ tyjt<Xi ££ai\ J l^jlS^ .Ojjlj 
Sjl>&xlJ aJJIa ^j;_/*i }^« (*-r^ '(♦-r^ ^i* ^^ ^i;^**^ ]y^~ liJJ^J t7«— i« 

Jb-I -^-j 4?Jb-l Ji ^UaJl IJa tl>IT .lftO*j O^bij f C- ^JVl J fLI 4£# 
sL^Jl Oj**Jaj l$l5" SJll oijb jiLjIj c ( ^^-5' fj-b <jj~- iu« IS' ^iiVl 

^Jl cjjOSU l*\ cJ- >y* jlr J-J £•*•=!! 0&. ^yy tW <Jp o^^ 1 

jjOJI ^^aUl 4*s>Uj c<j^l Jp ii-Jail i^d*Jl^ .^-l j^ U^j Oli^Jl 

.*J5*£ll Jl (v^- ^jj £jl j^u JriJI ^ t(n ^ j^u^L. o/U-Uj 
J^- tj fUj (5JJI J^JI cij o«4 U-Up ij^jl jNja 0^1 j^ Jf jw 
tUkis. aJjjI Jp jUcdl ^j^j . J^JI ^b U JLJti iJAil ^j t JU.| jy 

tJiUiJl jl r-^i-l ipb vJ!^" 1 ^1 l5 {^ '^ J ^ 1 »->!5b^l ., >■ 

^U J Ojilj cOlSC ^ ^.y.1 iply tji\ ujUj- J Olji^-I 4Pbj djjy\j 
M <-*?&■ f-^ IJL*j ctfj^lj u_-J^Jl t_-— o- i*Jii» jjTlSiAJl 0j£i tc^>-l 

ji ^jJi ^ ^ f\yj. cjj-Ji iJla J I oyL j^-l y-i" « — >"yi ijU- oij U--> 

^Ui O^i j^ Ojil If; JUJ c«e-S' i-«>-l j^ i^S jl^wl Jt>\li» J 0^K"ly 



■Jj^j 't>Vj 'vW* (l) 

.oyi -ilji (2) 



69 



LiJey &Uo» jtf'Sll Jh ^yJlJl e ^ $ £* *^J-^ °J^ J^ ^^ ^£ 

u^i»- oM u-j^ fty^-i r^ 'u^V ^1 r^" ^ 
oir ujlp t jjr a> y^j jij-U-i v^ " l*^ ^ JJ r*j ^.A 

U ^rJj ljcSJ\ Jl ^l J** N i^aS t^i-Ili tt*N iU*- U^ ^ 
.U*. ^IJI iiia OjsiU-1 ^ a- S:,U 'J* 1 * ^ (J* ^ -^" — 



^Nl Jaij .jyj\ VjJu* ->} Ja>l j S~^- (^ ^i-^ 1 " (^l O^ ^ ^^* 

iJ^m. ^ 4» O^sjj ci-i^ ^^ c*^ 1 ^ ^- -<y-/^-i "^ 



i^pj ciJuPj iXS'lji (4) 



70 






O^JU^I} ^1 4»;liVl l^j^^j ^Jl t ijjdl oJUh 01 . g ■>-■ JJbw 

C~~,t 4i V li dlUJj (5)U^ _ Jj vliJS jj j, C^j c^l ^ 

Oj*w.j tflfyjj . — «Jl IpJbj i^rjj dy\Xj V l^ ^u jl^-l Uj cilft 
tj yu^ u^%- Jp JJai 5Ui £*> ^ai Osr-ji V >J| 9 U*| j, .(6)UI,j Lu. 

tJ b uW+uJ ^ .JLjJI ^ ^ ^ i^ ^^ t5jiSr ^^ ^ 
C*ill« <~p It: *M gj>!;Vl V ^SU* Sop v l^| <_, iu^>. ^ ^ 

Cr^ VI <^M ^J 1 lt- ^ if cJUu>Jl dlL. \tfj of JL* ^ ^L ^ 

ytr uui jif on toiJ^Ji cj^J J Jaa-j of ji ^ ^ri oir i^ 
c^ul. ^ o^Ia^o iiSjl i.\ ^i^j c^UiJ^ t^yLi oi" jr ^ gi OjLa 

j^Wj Ua\ ~>js~ Jl ^1 ^1 ^1 tojdl ^sTo^l s^L. dlb j^ 

Oi*^U cjuTL. ^LJ. ^,1; IjIT o^l iJlTj jcOijj o^il a* ol 
^J^ f ^ <A* i/i 'O^ ^ ^ Jil UjLp ^ t l^ll L*b 
fr&A- ^j (^ v-*«H tyj&' ($ <Up jUi c^Lil oJu Jp fc^, 

iy^fr ^1 ^ |^. ,^J 0^1^ ^ <0^> ^ 4k-,|^ t( ^L-| Oik- 

71 



CJ6 i| cO^LI J \j&£ Jii *i OK' C-ij J «jj~b Ja ^Ai^ f>&- 01 -Ujj 
^ { ^J.i. l y^j jf Jp <tf"l 4l.Jlll ^jITI ^ v^ U^-W ^r^ ^^ *J 
-,53 CAJ> jlij 01 Jp f)P ij^-l AiL lij .i^iU-j lfr>~ij lfr*l itu-l^ l$J&»j 
lij .aa—o ot Jp js>Nl IIa ^pj cjiUJl Vj^-1* dJJJb fcuki 1^1} Sl^il 
Jp L. \aJS\ lALOil ^j!S1 ^ Uajl OlT i^JUl (7)*SttJL^I Jb-I fl^ Jp ^1 
j ^aj ,y^l >^P OK' t^LjNl oJUb jj .^£ ^J «-^»l J W^J^* ^^ 
t~,>..idl OUJu- oj Jb^l Jl JIj 01 J-p f ^ j Jp Jl J^jli flisiNl 
<~ Jb^lj tj Al J Jp iU .(jg^l £jM11 J^-l J* *«Uai 01 j «-^i 41 s ) 

Or <j;Jdl Jb^JJ jl l**-jy ^Uw*! ^ ^7(8)01-1 i^Pj ^- ^All 

iftlf^U v-Jb 0>i, Ui, jj^JI <J> J^-ili -M J*-l ^ ^-UL UIp 
f UNl Jl ^A r Ai" r UVl ^ J^i ^1 J-p 0^ d^ Jl I^Uj Uj 
^1 Ujupj .*> ]>«*-f) >-"Vl jb f c^^A Jl^ ^ Jp <u*k \^> 

Or jJJi 01 jyjii cj^yijij £*~Jl O^ 1 ^ ^ <!£r^- ^ o-> ! 

OwJUJl U^Ai u^TU- ^-3 W s^ty (HJ^ t> ^^ ^*^ 
IIa ^p j 1^0: SfiJ W— y^ ^"^ ^^ t) ^ i( 0g 3 -5riP^ 

jp b ji jujftii dLL- or ^ ji jjjj jp ji^3i ^ ~>\y£t\ 

10^. JbH «U\ it^- U (9)^Ll Jp ^1 01 Jbuj .itjUJI iUl J ^>LiJI 

ccJil JaI Jp j^o^J Ai^w^l ^^ ^ JL, 01 *clj ^A ^ a> ^j 

Jl ~ ^jhij olj^l oJLr ^U-l ^li*dULJJ u«<U ^ Ol^bl oi^lj 

J^l ^ ^^i. OiP-^ 1 O^ iAp V or ^^^ 'ls^' ^1 ^ >^ 
v ^ jX N jyNl 01 <^ljj t^j oLc jJJUa ^ Ua*. c-u£> .jUMl 

^ ISTJlJ tftl^jJ* j* i^j J^ £• ^l;- 1 ' ^ f*J^ ^ i^-J t4 ?=^ 
j^Jil y^j JUu>JI Jl .j^J ^\ V$3\j Up o^ • iiJ .^ , J* ^ 

.Oiji-u ^y ^ (7) 

.Ivi 20 : <%H J-p (8) 

.i^b jSLia (9) 



72 



s-4» &y\ o^j, .^^ai jWI vUL j^j ^^^^ 

^ .5,011 J. ^ aSA Jp ^i JU3JI ilL Jj Uo^ ._> 

•A- <*> u,ir ^i, ou, ,y i^, .^jjb ^ ^, ^ u 
u jr ^ ,a*u, 01 j^i ^ ^i jju.su jiifli ^ oils or ^jji 

.,»J- oK_Ji ^ .^jjt e ^ jj , , r jj ^ Ul - 

£• V!P J-9 <>°>J^ iUi ^ ..ujf, j, jb ^ jj, y ^ E • 
^1 .I^JI ills ^<.> U 01^ ^ ^ j^,, ^ ^ - 

tf. u,ir u .^ ^ ^ vi ^ > !^ ^ U, ^i oji^i j, 
yU oBU, J.J ,*> d r «* SjJJi ,tr ^ ^ ^ , , J 

^oww J,u, ^ ^u, or .& ^ ^ l ^ u'u^ 

.r*. v^ <Jj *, <^, c? ^ ^ ^ jU ^ yj. ^ 
«" °~ T UU oU ^' OL-^. <JiVI »JU J cOL^iii OK .VAX 

f -.-ui ji uyoji j, ^ u ttMBt ■ . c J . r 

0,1. p^ jfer , B&J , iu ^ ^ ^ d <£• 

o- -j aua y j,uj, 5Uj ^ ^ u ^ jj ^ ;- £ 

IT ^-Vl^' ^ ^ jU " V* J ^^i-^ o->di 

v-u ^ l* 4^1, jr ( oisi . ju^ji iu, ^ ^ ^ ^^; 
J*«> ^!> ^-u J^ a y ^ tfJj , ^ jj ^ jr X ^ 5> 



.1507 (10) 

1508 (12) 
■V^ <^ J u-i^s* Jl^ - (13) 



73 



i — *Jl> 



i%>\f- Jia 01 t\j[ IjlpIj ioj\* j ^ yboJ 4JUju*Ij aUI *-. *)U 

Jp <i! WjJ J-Ul Ja-J J jk 01 Jp ^ *P,lj £jy£JJ li* <Jp JiJ 
jij (I4yhjb4 ^jhjy .3^1! sJUh ^ sfy. pf\ J^ 0^ jjJJI a&**~^ 
f L.I o\i ol^lj L~*- VUi aJ jjO^js- 01 Jl i jJUi Jp aaJUUT oi *i^l)f ^ 

l}| aL-jI ilj~*ljl 0[ J&- lAJ fl* U. a|j-A* £>>\jj£ \j*S-\£\ ,ji\i lAAX-** (J 

jijie Jpj aJp j^i, ^1 Jl j^-S/l IJl* a**-JU tl *JUl Jl IjjJ jUu>i1 
^ <_£:>1 Jij .:f>UJ 4^*1 \Joj lAjiUl JJU i^~a5 ap^j^j iajjUII OL^ill ^ 

Jr^\j* -y^ <Jp ^^ k-JLw Jj tj^A^>-j U-U-j ,j-_^ Oi*S"^ flipiJl 
Oi*^ u**^"lr*J ^"-^ Ol£** ^ U— i j AJK^i Ol>-- a-^- }^pU- '(j-^j 
iS\ UUs> A*^a>- JJI ^i*-l j»i^>- A«-P j JL* iij*«j)b _p~p 01 Nj. .JU^JJ 
Ol|^dP tut A^laL- l£j dJJJJ ^/^J 4A>J u^^ifl^ *i^ c^ *Vp^— >-*- 

£** >j£ ajI Jki J~ c^Ull ^j ^1 J^Ull ^ 0>ly £jUM ^ 

a> ^-^L. I( Jp ^. \j4fr oli^UJl ^Jai Jp pjp ii^-l)? Oi ^ .ttl^ OjjL^ 

)() tA^iaJLJ jj^v'l^- 0^!))j l» /♦-* \cJ 5^L- ,« ^.««tf>i Oj^Chj jjjJJI t l jU\iJ^J 
j^i *5W\5 iij*»!;l ajU-\* tUjj Ojil *i> ^4 OK' z\ tAJjJb JL*JI Oj»j^:...j 
oLi>JI sJjb Ajf - Ujl^ a*~*0>\ ^Jp jjiwi . < »^*^- ^j 5^)Uil ^i ^ja Oj-iis-«» 

jSCui ,j53 .AjjUil JCP- ji*T JLjJL^ ^ j;^^ (jSi\ jaJ\ tiU^o jiaJO 01 Oji 

*jf jib V ^>-j -cr^^J ^^ JLi ^ ^' J«* ^^W 4 J*" C^ ^!^*!)' ^5^ 

cljJb* ?-|p s.1^ -y. apLjI Jb»-I /*i-,tf A^y *jspI oU^UJl *]ai (J jft l. . ; i » J 
AjI*w»1 0^-1 JjPj tA*uisO (^JJl ^yiil JsSj 01 a^l* j])si- £• *^- OLi tj a! 
ja aj^U- tAp-LJl J,!. j]>4~l J-r^J L»-Upj .a3^-o dJUi j^Oj jjT A** jV*>»-J 
j^Ul OM it^-lj i^^ail j^«i-io Ol jy» ..)•»*. ~i i (t-f^ 4i_Jl--JIj O^pi'J <JiAst- 
ijg Ajy^u \y*r\s» -^Ua ja Lj 0^ ^U 0^ J Jj ^ aJ\ »yy,\ 



.USljOCa jS^a (14) 
74 



J *Uc»Nl dj*JaZ+~j 'V j^l [jJIaLJ. li t l ^J lOlilJLaJlj JblJlj (t-^ajyj 

c 

L»Ji>w (»^i»«JL*l o*JI«j^JI J}^ *^*" ^^ <Jj caAJI* oUy>j oI>t.ji^i 

j»jbJL<j |j^«Ja":>* jjP ^Jbjj^-Ui taJLio *t>^ M^J ^j-IJUul Jl l^«JL*l 

jo^fl J_j •Oj/£S' ^j^* V viJJL*j JUaJI (Ju^u-I d«>- tJi>wwJil Jl ^-uaIIj 
(^LJjuj (JjUII? A*! Uju-s^j 01 ^/j (JvJUj^jI U*jli> 01 L«JaT.»j i 1*jup 

Jajo \y\» *1U ^ cy*Jl Jp JJail ^vaiJl Jl OLp^I ULj tO^m-JLI Jjjilp 
^ iijlju Ja>- 4j 0_^pkj IjjK' (^-Ul AJJlil j^x) ixiJll oUIJaj t j\ i >w*JJ 
j%p *^pUj 01 j^lj LJi .JLicu-l 0_y*Ja^*o l^^*j 1 ^1 <L~£. tO!>Li]^0l 

*w»yyij ^oiii ^jll. jl*L of j^i iju ^u ii^iji ^ jui i^u» t^ 

l^>- j^ jjixJl -^ .JU^JI tfJii U-LjI I}jU»j '0>^v» aJ} U^JLi 

c-J^I al^l >^-j aJUj-^Ij 4UI £. (15)5531; JLJur Jp j»JIj -o^^ 1 0^ 
-l^U^ 4*1 iSfii tiJSj ^Ul Jl (ifi^li £JUU j^l J*=o 01 Jl 1,: ftfli 
Jp JUj,JI ill. Jjs-I IJSijhj .^U a^L: Ji a** *UU tjjJU>ll jy ^ 
\jj>\ w^LJil (i7)U,iUu 01 t^lj 01 Jl ijji vU- JJ-ii* ftff dv- tj**-^ 
L~i jjas- 01 Amj tl^ j^ill ij4-i Jl*i«JI Ji £*-jl> c^-f OlSC j 1^1 
l^l^L. ftfj, i.jUlb U^ 01 ^ U (18)^^1 ^ tjl^Sfj, £l$l ^ 
It: 0^. <3l c-^ cJ^Ul 5L.j ^ o^*L. £. f^U It: ^1 Jp A^kiU^l, 

j ojif 1 ^ u jjipf jp 0V1 d.d^dj .i^- j ^ jUji ujuaiy 4^ 

.JUj>JI dlU ^SU- c^ ^t 

: ^Jui\ kjJu* A^Ull ^U- iJlS 
jjji yi J-yl cULjS'i ^1 i^L ^| Jp o^JU^I Jyu-l li 
^LJl j^ v5} tSLiilj OLyill ^ ^>- ^. ^T ^jultl ^j jj-oXl^i 
toLj4-l £* J ol;UJl ^ Oi^l <J J^-li to/Ll 5^-JJ^ tooJdl^ 

•W ty c^!> ir* J *' (> ( 15 ) 
.^.ItjJl a^i yii t^U ( ^N > . j* (16) 

.1541 «- (17) 

.QrjAl) a*-l ^> y (18) 

75 



■ i) y**» ii fir"' *-^ if" [y&x**^ ,ji^ ^l^SjiJl ^ ( J2j ; 30 jJJij Vrf^-I 
jjw OV»-**^ jifih **^3 '(Jir^' £-* V.^% Cl9) JJ^3' -r'W ^' °^ A ^^* ^3 
"^3 ij"Jb ^^ *- jt ' f*->^j 'i^- 1 ^> ^y jj^ jr Jl *^!j J_**j' 

tJiUwj 0j*a>- 3Jl*j 4j >.| Jl jA j* \J£a oOll lyjjai ,^J\ Jl ^aiJi 

SU-I jy>-l UJbPj -jy^^ Jb-U-I J^ iLniJdl iJ>jI.Uj jj*J| Oj-Ja^: l^iJbj 

4j^ <Jl~£ j&LfA\ jl>Jl ( _ r a*j Sk^l^ jjjj Jp JU^il iJdb. *il»l *-$i~>*£ 

i^pil 7tL-_j tjU«^-l Aj^J Ai* 9}^* JL>"ij J>J iA>*i .iJLvaJl IJlfc (J ^fj 

JiiU} tjUaJ-l ^ Ujj ^isP i*-— jj^* JLjoj -fy^ jUail J^ £j£ tf-liJJl 
* H f\ \j\j J£j &ji£ 0)L*J£ i^j J ^a\> i -\ v-_^>x»-jl c^jvyjv* jj lA/*-* *-* Jil A^" 

.jvSi 4jf)i.l CJlSo dJJi *i/jij ca^sa>- ^ taJtp ^p-Tj Li 01 Jjo oijzr 

*5j_j .JUj>JI dill ^jjJ^ -r 1 ]/ 1 ^! j>» ^A* 1 £*>■ s.^\ oIa jj 
^ ^ >a>^-l (^JJI *^U-1 ON vlAii : OUiNl ^ l^ul jJJli dUill 
j«r twjl^p*)^ ^jjlji oApj tj{^U <^i oJip i_-^i ij~*ld[} Oijll *J^-1 t(jU^>il 
.SjjUil jTuSlJ, 4JITi ^1 ^ cjUo>JI J yU ^Sfl ^ b^p J-jt 
Ai\ OlSL- jt A?r-jJd tAjjUil Jp ol,Uasjl OIaJUJI DIaa Jk Jii J,b!l_j 

ip- ^ !bLi ^jlp *«>- ^ j^l J* Jpj t^JWl J*- (J.I i%Jl J^li 

.(22)5,^1 Ojijj lyB' ijii'i^ 

.Jau— A^j, LjtfJ *& '-^ ^j!} '^^ ^ (19) 

.1510 ~— jj 13 lJ(20> 

.i-iU-b j^h cr® < 22i 



76 



: 1511 2L-. S^Ull £k. Jp yiJ j* ^js^-U 1 V-* t£jf h^ 
5^53l A^>oll (^ji ^ AjL-^i £y» hoj\ iLm> oJll ^ Cjh~*j j*** 

">Ul Ol£il dUi IjLij^i ^ ^ ur**^ Jl !^^ °^' ^"J j* Wj 

Cw>l/Al v ^llu ^JUI Ol&l owy Jp %l fU-l \jMi cJbO* &-. 
^1 cy*iJl .LP JUJt oUp Jj .01* I ij j^Jl A> Jj^jil ^S L$^ &Jty 

p j^\j cJjLl Jp vj^ 1 ^ cM 'tf*r- ^ ^>* £j* ^ r^i 

»jyj oJlU S-*]^ VS^Vj (oLjJ^aJ^ JbtJl Si*, ^ iJL**->»j ^jli aJUjo,! 

* . * ->■ " 

^1 j/?- ^^JJI £ j)j Jiif- JU-I *-*r^J 01 l*j tOlpjJl Jb4 Jjl» J^ «-^i 
Sl»«i jJuJl *-»Jli t-ipf-l (Jb a^ 5j^]l JpI Jp yb ^Jiy \^ tL-^li l jws>-j 
^* jLw tLya>«-i 0*^<j ^v*^} 2jL»— <-«*~ f»\\ 4OISA1 l j\P J l^ AjlOta 

01 5U-I jci^** 4 (j^' o^ £**"!/ «— "^ i>* *^' l^ 3 *' ?' i ^" ^*-y^-^ cjK' 

, v s^- j (i^U jAj j>Jl Jl ya-^« OlT AJ^/ t4JijP jiLjI <A^- ftpi jJbJi ^» 
^-.l> aJLc -iai 01 aJp OIT Aj*i/ iip^a}\ l^\i\ x^j JjNI 4» tOUkiil 
01 OjJ c3^-«iJl | j-« 4 ^aj U ^ jja^ jh | y~"l Jl !AJ J-^»j» to^j ,jjj^ J, 
t^*- JLLL lj -Aij»tfo lyK' 5joJlH ^ ^yL* ^jli 4jLc"5\J 4^-l^» Jp ^-^ 
\j4*"~»i )■ j»rl i^ ft ,J ^' f -I^tf-li c(23)i^xll i^j^ «6y OlT 1) ^1 j*l 



.>ir ^jjj j* (23) 
■j& J &-*■ y (24) 



77 



t* FJ*~ ^-^ ls^— Ij uj*-*-* \y^~ ***j 'M^iJ *-wVj p^JI <d i^*JLoj^ 
^JLT 1 ji^J vl^-l (H»ji»- Us-j 4 Sjl'Nl jjSji Jl^JI JJU3 JL. JjJL>.|j ^^JUlo^i 
JU^II ill, or . jkldl oJi* £ Oj^^JL, I^L Oir 1 ^ 01 c~A : ^Vl ^ 

o& c^i ji Si,yi ^uji j^ ^ t0 ^\ ^ i^ b jy ^ 

j J*^ « flJI J^>- Oj*»Jb t rtliVt »_->l^l *J*>1 *Jbj ioJLp Ul JlT .JL^Jl 

jl jyvSjl ^ (25)*^ jj^JUp J^- J*» JaUy .^*iil ^ ">£>■ JibUj 
<-W^ t>* *~" *i*H^" Oy»JLi> ^r (»-r^ Ji iiUtfVL ^ii\ j^ ^i^p jjjl 

*J>j tAi.Jlil OlSw £» f-Ua* ^jlj SlJb«- *Vyll twJ^pNr jJj\jjA\ l3 O^i-w 

i jjSi OJ- JaI OK} .l^i J-T «jJt aJUj tU^J LjT ,jjt ,>> ^ jrl 

,jP ^JaJl «JaAj tjj^l oJL* Jxai Ol J-i ^^1 J>-i 0^ liAJi .<t>\j[ jyufi 
OlT ilJL* ,Jp Siljjj .1^ 5^y\ ^LsirJl Jp isi»jyiii t^-Vl J^-l^ iJ^I 

.gjkJl IJLa ^ 

: ^ir^ 1 ^i) 1 ^ 4/ J^ ^ fj* <-^ 

^ y^f <j^J ls^' ^ 0' «^bj '^^- r»^*5 ^-ii^iJI Or Ujlp 

Ul^l ^-jvJl oJL. j/-y* Ji ^pW ^rb 'J 1 ^ 1 ^-^ Oyw 9 ^- 1 vl^b 






78 



j* bop \jjj jl ybj tyj* o±~* W ^ 'j^ 1 ur 1 ^ 1 j-*^ (> 

ii*}* 1^1 ^1 Jl 4»U>Vb. tj^^-1^. Jo j^ ljb-1 1^ 01 Oji cj* 
J*uj If t^UI ^ ^Usuu-1 U vJu^Jl A£*~ : -cuty yL. cJtf ^)l c— jj; 

uyi jp i/ul i^^. ^1 ju,>ji in. ^yf jus} ujuji xJjL~ 

I^Aij ly»*3*-l i^Jl ^-^ ou^Jl 01 yjp UJLPj (27)^1 ^U Jl 

fU-i u* otr t LjU o>*^ £• 'vj>i J*- J> ^j-**--- • j °>U^ 
ji y^y Ji uu^i ol-> oir .iic,b Jj v *ij s^Li ^i j^Lyt as 
y^- t^ij-i «_^j oi^^-* yis' Uj tp-fN**j y»j i3j»Ltji ^y^ s>.\ 

ji& Si uij^^. b iU f iA ^ J^ 1 ^ !*«*!? r^^j "'w» ^ 
(^ui cis^b ^y ^ if+A*, \j^\j \j& bop ^ y» of ju* (ijsLUi 

aij tXot Jlj-JhlJ SJbsJl ka vJjaj f~U-l JIJ^-jl tUUi. Uu-i. otT 
^•jj^- Sil^Lyli 0^~^ UU *Jl J^y UwLpj tUjf JLpi ^i ji 4il J» 

tfl~*J tjJL; LjI 01^ (^iJUiJu^Jl JUi cJw-jJI Jp pp (^JblL.1 i£* u ^j^a 

y ^ a* OA^" &f '*i^i £• J*U; lij .asU>.j *i^. ^uj t siyi ^ 

iSjA\ 0*1, u^l ^1 &> jj^f Jjj ^dv CJJ ^ Jl WJ^I pL, ; r l, 

u u» r j> t4 jUi l^-j ^ ytr ^jji i^uii ^ ^r o^r if .-ujj 

.v^ 1 J cs^!) *v4b iu-lt J oi=*^s3i oi;U cjit cjl^-! oi s^Li 
ay ipij ^i tui, i^ cu>j ^^j^. ^^ ^r jji/i ci> a, 

(T jj^ J^ 1 l/^ ^ JirWl U—ii tcJ^ ^ jJbJl ^Lji 5^6C liCjb 
Oftr^jl s.\JH-\ ^U JJJ^j tipUt-io 4— ii ^ *JlJL. OIT (^iil t^^oJUu* 
Jai-I l^lj -OiS^I J^I iiT ^y 01 Oji tu^^ o^ jSl JU2JI ;bj 
■^ ^^ ^ W| «Wi c^j ^ a^l. jp ^1 A^ li^b jjJU 
01 15^1 ^y ^Ij lij ..u^S' C-S^ij iiJb ^ ^ LUx. OlT 4JV tj^f 



■u-^ljai jJy (27) 
79 



c/ jpAll j^U- ^j 'f^j ^j-i Sop ^ j^ Otf cjsfj iti y l^lij 
aJIp^ iU* lii^lj ^jj L^JLSi ijrS' Oli aJ OK' ^JJI t-ujl £• u^jTlJ 
01 JL« tb,U (J^yJI l>*^ f j a^ aJJ&?- JL5 JjVl OK" (28)-^ LU- 

^lj 4-^ U>-l yiiij 01 Oj-i 'lS** - ' <ii ^Js 3 **"^ ^J 4 ^y uftb J ^* 

"C^ **^ L ^* - (*^* s- ' ^i 
Jp dip* ]?& j*^ ^j** £$ v!/-* cs ^ ti£zs*i ( ju*\ £!>- Ji 

cjU^Jl J *lli i| j^ OS" .SJb*Jl ai* ijJU* t*rUiai OjA»-Ijj ^^ 
l^lu. ji cOU**i *.%; ^ ^ JL^-jjj JUill bj£ \y£ jiti\ ~>\j*)}\ frVybj 

j* Jb}l A>u Jp cSjjSC-jk ijJL>- "^S" *^ l^-j i^LiiAJ J>*)UI (^j Ijlpjl 01 
wjl/^/l ,Ju*j ^jU-j c<3 r iJ\ 5^- Jl J^V AitX* j^ U*--^ JL* am} 
j\£\ k*£\ tf J^vj ^1 £U 06" lij . JliiflJl iUi Ol*^ 1 jiA 

r-lijwjo. Ail *Jb\j\ \j*y CO^Jl j^ j\ *^ f.1^*- ^-jU AjU-->j <~Wl A?!>\J 

0]^ iNjf ^Iji Jb4 Jp ^TUI c L,oJI ^ Jaii^ caIT JJJI jLi t JS^> 

4jjia>- OlSv« (J IjjIS' ^ (t-r-3^ fc_.w>>- li*j»«JU iVp^ /♦^r' 1 ul*Jo 

•Jill Ji b J* ( 28 ) 

■tjL. j«i J 029) 
80 



j* i oi^JVi on ^ H* W -o^ J*^ rV u 5 '^ ^ yj 'bir^ 1 

Vj ^ VI 4jj^» jJpIj Ubbi ia^p Ob ^ JL^-I apjL cjIS} iaJ| aJLj 
CJiU-1 01 -bu toJLij oW-U .fjJl iUi lf*al£ 01 aJLII 0j>u J-.1. ajV dj£ 
^jUJl 1^1 if Z -g"! j^xj" i 0} iU*5~ C* jl ijJ)l\ ^ f j^al^-yy : yL-l 
j\ oU-l «j ^ idlj»^f <-*j~i .J, £l~^ SJLi ^ J C-^l U\Ja» ifU.1 
31 «!^ .y?- 1^ ,^~kl>- ^51 oUKJl 0j& 01 Ji^\ ( _l£J iOUil J 
^1 Li Jil (1 _ L^-l dUi 0IS3 _ jL» : Jtfj **, J^^^i ^1 ^ illi 

5^iJ^ t^u-jU^ (^W^-j Jijk jV^ -^W^ J^ ^-5 >iX>-\~*j (.*> X<s-\ 

tfiU—JI J 1^ c^j>jj vlr^ j* iub- cJjbi ,«!<Ul JL» j*aJ[j i^ApL. ^ 

oJu ,Ji £• J~=J <--*% 'f^** ^ <*M '^^ y> ii£*» *. cJUj 

-jhlj| \j£\a t JUSJ! Jp *^*> fc Jt s Jjw»-J t<*ji J[ C-oJli ceUPjJ Oj^^T 
-^JLJ 5^J o/toV ^iT 0} ^ v% -Car-^ 1 a" W& J^ ^UVL 

«jJjJl jdw L$*»jjj f 30 )^*^^ ^v* oiLi c^ CJIS" jjJl s^^U Jp 

iijliC JL^-V (^\ ^i> 01 tf A-J? 01 itlii J^-l ^ u ^jM\j/ Ja^\i toLijLc 

ti^l/u <i~£}\ JLm f toaiil J| **rOij 4jl5l* J o^stf tjii^ Olj sIopNI 

JU ^ tOl^l Jf ^ Jisj OlT i»j^«Ji y.\ 01 VI toy-jil J yh ^lilj 

(i^i» vili (Jl jjau>l ^^JUly 01 i?-jjJ aI^a* 5,]^-l Cols' .^>Ui l^JUlisi c<J} 
tji' <>• *rir*b J^^ JaJbi^l |«r tAP,^ Jp a*u^j 0K~ t^JLil JjjJl ^ 5-i^i 
tJLSUil i£>- 1^" 01 JUy .!>L5 o\sj\j *ijju. £j>*x>- J <jU«»I c^JOl Js^xi 
01 Jl oUlp diJi j* lii tja-Jl awLu J-» *J^« ^ hj 1 ^ ^1 b^J 

jt^alp l^ailU ti^-L- i^yiJ! pf*-*^ ,v» ijliil l?Ij Aii*>- -a-p-! U-i l^>-lil 
/,jJJl jS3 .u2*Ul i^aSlj *r>* W * w ^- i V^** (^m» yl?' llr^ <^' ^ 
U*JP 1^1 jl *4lT 1jl£ j^V tjj^-Nl j^ Usuv ^^-o-l 1^ (i rn^ !^ 
Lyli ui-*^ 5 " ci^ jH^ 4j: -^ J *i (^J 'pr"*^ 1 tj" 0»r ,: '' ^]^' -^ !i^ j^' lr^ 



81 



9- 

pS £• dS^L tij! ^ .(3»)£>UI ^ j^ ijpj 4^jj y-l lis} c*£U 

J>o cOL~dJ ^ ^IjJL* c^ji^ *^L^ j^y cas^ p- jjjij A^i 3-LiJ td<^J 

JUi c-bjJ-l oW 1 J^* W>~- ^V i&} ^ £->- <Jm^JI J^l Jl 
c-^" _jJ ijl fl^sS" -up djJi^o (^JUi ,y»*-~JJ ^i cull : ay LiJb»o J 
^r^J vii3i v^jJ jki j»ii ij~*^ JjaJI £*-*_} .«t£jsJ- uusl ^ UJk 

job ff.^£J\ l j*JL> J*jb itij ttjLd AJbrj Jy objU AjjJ 4j^tf A~-lj ,1p Ua»j 

c<U^~ ^Jp 4-^*5 (j^t ^>- lysis' l^J? A-isS' ^ _. ^au Ob j>U iAjJo Jy 
»Jjb Tcjalll (3j-«A\ 4.^ : o,5) ^LjI Aw.^a; Juu <Xy «^-*Jj t«LLi C^U> ^j— «j 01 OjJ 
dJUi A*j c^j Cv*JJi J*ii t4JlJU»l Jp aJL»j4j ^^^^ jftJ 'J^ 1 ^ (J! 
l*JJi*i 'i^— ■' itf*"!^ 9 tiy*?\n 1^6" (jjiJl ijjUil jjp o,lp ^ Ji OlSj JJUu 
Lib <ulv»l t(3^Uil-l J,^ JLjJkll «_jI; ^ t^^J *^y»x« ii-v* Uj^» ti^4 OK' 
jj-oJLiiJ,* jjjj AJ v^*' L?^ 0l>Jil (_/~4J (J 'A? r >«i?- tj Ajp- A^pij j*u& 

' " " t * e- 

{ j*JCi LLaj tUUi JUj oL« i^^O ^1 01 iJL* ,v i-->»pI) .a\Z* *5Li ol^,lj 
1<^L« jUS* ily aj*)^ ajL^ ^ oJL» 4A*-« C^iJ^i cki^JL* 01 J,^ JS[j ^J* 

UpIj apUoJI Jl ^ijJ AiCl U J*p ^U ujalUujJI k-i ^jW- 1 -U-j 

1 Ai$J 4Aj,iJl JaI (tJsui^j caJLp wjl^l A4^)aJl oJL^ ^i t^^UI i ~~±j Ol *a\j[ 

.jtU i^a jjUJIj »i/Jb>t i^j jjUJIj tjWU ^i j-jjil j^k (31) 
82 



Jl ^IpU cjr>gi J*b U~> ^.^p jf ^ *-> juJ J| ^ ol,lp 
^ Jp loffi 4^ iili il :>U ji ^ JIS} .JUjJl ill. Jl £^#Ll 

^iJl ^i*p i-u 4 - ^ VjL^-T ^ U*ksA* to^l *bl ^Jl oUL^I 

(32)^^1 ^ «^j- Xl>- \aJ*> l^j, . ( ^ v ^ 5JL~*.j ^>. ^U 

il tUioil j, Oi^ij C ^ uib'Uil ^ *JL*,I UUaj ^1 Jl J^,| 
4& (i ^AJI ^bLl ^ cl^l^ jsy. Jl ^ ^UJUi a,jp J oir 
0[ ti^ i<uiL>- j^ Uj>- t-uLb iJ; fO*j (^i* a^*^ «*. iu«>- Aj\i"^ 
.oftlij Ojiyo ^ *k^ cLyli df-* j* aJp J^4 01 *£a U JT 
5a*p ^U*j t^l V U^| ^ ^w^jLi ^ ^ toU-^ULI J} ^jbii 
y> \^ .UL-I |f cicliJl Jl ^Ip ^Jdl Ol^p ^ &M f ^ t i^\j 

tVjty s^SL-a ^l ^ j^i^ as |yir ou> ^ ^ ^| ^ < j P 

o^i u^ t^i jpjii ^ojiij LjU o-^ y*j t j^v ^uul. sjpl^ 
^uu oi Uj .^j-i *io^ o^ k$r ^ aj oi, oir ^jui sjl* ^lsi 

t£i (i^l L~- N 4 aJ tfu^ 0S5 tAjjU; aJ ^axJ ^yjl Jl ^^jl, oi -u^l^ 

^.Ul t^iJI ^ ^Li| W,| ^ jl^U <(H ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ |^ 
ttj+e-^O* Ol^-i Sl^i jP i^ U^ ^UjJl O^JjIuj lylT \^y .<^ ^u>.j 
(^JT 4^Ji/l ^^i 4 «dlp| ^ ^ J^U- jiiJI jC^j 01 Oji 5Lp oUU, 

<^S ^ ^^^ l ji}^ ^ ^>' V^i viUi 0«y .4*. \j£ 3 ^^ 

^ *4?? Jl £JI Jp l^j ^^ J^ul ^oJI «0j-Jl-l O^wUI 0U>JI 
^p ca^l j^j 01 Oj^ cL^- £*j iiL^ l^Jai lij .0^1 v |^| 

ot o^j .j^-^ j^j-I i^uu j^lupi jp ^^^ i^ir ^jlji v i^i 

.U^ ^^-1 _,! ^^ ^Vl J ^ y^ tj^Uj, ^ ^^ s> lyiiy 

Lytt 0-^? 3JU j 0^1 J P~\ C j* fJ\ Jl £)& I J^y UJUPJ 



.1519 St- (32) 
83 



OtT £LM of Jliu>JI dUU Ji LS ^il of a> j^ Jii OlT ^\ & t^. 

5ji *^yi Oil) tli-iJI ON t^r-** U-i ,_/ai>o JL$*JI dJJi J^» ,»-»iJlP 
Oli t/rU^ (Jp fjj JsT J-^4 OK' ij*^ ijj*- 01 ^»j tA^i jl^- L^j 
OlJLii Jbu cjUj^Jl liJLU 01 A^-ji J,| t^J Jjw Ujj ,3-^aj C-jd 3jaJI a aU '■■» 



(34)J 



\y£ L»JLp i^i)l (jyj^Jil Jji v_. ....».■>- jujAII oJLa jj-^l 

_j^J jU^J\ j\P i^JJl JjjUa j^o- *U Uj^>- ^-yJl t ^S3 .L-JaP lj;Lf 

.S5Va-.U oIa c*JKi jftlii O^b jUJ! ti^iil v^f ii^J ciijJl j|^»Vl 
J aU^j (35) Jai/- ^ ^^JJaj A^, \Jj iJU ^ L> J>}i\ dpj 

.Ai^Lly 



IjLT, \j\^> (33) 
^-lAlj (152:1) (U^it Jufij iJ'jjJI o-J-l >"' « lJ ^j^'» w-r£» J-^ 1 sj i^-^ 1 »-i* J*-! >-»^- (34) 

■(rf->«) ffio 

.*UU i»tvl ^ij j* (35) 



84 



Oj**v»i-l} ^j>\^~\ J-^aill 



JUL L. Jp _ lg-^-1; a^jj .^yJI ol^l ^ (<?^JI) OIpjU ^ £**\j 

ijj\M ^-\j^\ $i ^.JiiJI ^ 0&-JU aJWcjIS} ..jjjfl U>l i)l£- Jl 

Ob iS^jti. ?-* <J^*i£" dJl* JL* C~j <jy»l j^ui ^ jI jj>-*^J (Ij ^jiill 

.iL-ft^l LjUajj^a (J[ l jiJs>jJaJl J|L* c£*Ul 'fj* "^s**" ~y° i*-* - ^ t^-A^ji 
^j^SJl 4*-jjJlj tV^» tfjb Oy^J ^LJ> ^j^ 1 J t/j*^ V~ »»■ £*y 



01 Jl> L-^ 1 ^^J ti^U-1 oA* jJp JU^Jl cLiL» Uli L,a> oJL* 

ifrlll ft Ut (38)J-^ £^ LcJi Jbfji OlT ^^ Ja>l ft J,U Jp J^ 
jy*Jl Jp SJUU 01p> jl^-l .(j-jUJl jla t5 *-J hj>- ONI y* 4j^j t^JlUI 
tO^J-l i^JlJIj <L»»ijdl j^ jiiS' J>JlP U-^j tji4-lj Ai^aJL* jl>t>-lj <.<£ "-W 



.J^Nlj UT ^37) 
.^Jl j* (38) 

85 



J la* U tli/Jl Jp Juk£ ol;Ua\ jU*-l ^ olpljl. fU jyj #> ^J 

^ji jAj aSL- J jJiaJI Jtfti aJ-U; i^tji r-jfj t«JuaJl ^ o>p»- Jb-I 

Js^b>-1 ^ 0jJaJb£ AjjUil J«r ilLjl J Ij*5jj JJJll Cij5l j^i^ ^ j^ 
tip- J^ y* *>. iv~* ^ (^ <J\j ^J -W^ tns^ ^j!r***iJ Ji^ Ji^" 1 

c JtfJl ^ ^-jj, iyUll ^Jai tjUsNl JOoj .^.1 jt JUI Ja U-. tj^F 
>> a-J -(^ !^W c^ 1 ^^ W y^J 'cr^V Jl J«l c> U >^ 

^u-j (40) jii,ir tf* ^jUJi .ajiC o^j W J^ 1 ^ & *%h °^ 

jf tSJLij l^aJj (^a^- jJI ^1* ^ Jbjlj oai\ oOa viiii 0*j ^ii^iJl 

j^jJUftj ijUll ^ \j£ l^ap ijlJI ^MIj ol^ai IjLSj <pW-^ ^ 

tji^^a* O^^ 1 ^» t( 41 A*3--!- j 51 -^ ^^^ s- ^^ 1 t v^ il *«*- 

.1562 i- (40) 
J> ju, i^ftll y> j* *^- ^ (I v*** p^ 1 vJ^ 1 «» -^ * *5«>u »i» s*-" J J ,^ "^ ( 41 ) 

.618 : 2 ci^l *£J-1 t,^ 46_42 : 5 \aukJi\ >! 
V jSuf 0l JUj Vlr" u*- J* 4 - ^ - ^1 if® vJ^ 1 ^-L- Vv-ll Sal+JJI »i* «UW 

•(f^r") 
86 



Jl ill* ^. -US' JjiC fttS ULiJlj .U^p UJ^ oy^j ^-j : > ji^y Ctf^b 



JJ 1 

*l ^ y-A* J^ t( 42 >Ja_^i ft^Li <J* tf^l L^-^-l ciXJlS oXi 

*Ju .( 43 )\~jof- SJub <j!*jjjj fj-^j *p?jS 0^*^j 0£*^ <-?j 't^ 3 iiJ- 3 Oywjb 
t J^Jl oUl J (i^Jl) jl*> ^ ^-]> Sfttf -^ <> <>j Jf- J jyj 

JsyL. .L*- Ijj^ 05j . jj^-M* *S,lWl ^ tlr -^l ^ j^ijji Oj^jj jij-j* 

J^4 OlS" Lp "jUai '(..^"V <^^j 'iij^r' f^^" C^ ** *■& ^-***^' i>* 

I^JlT olSCJl" 01 £«j .iUJ^ S63l ^ L-*!i\53 co> *JITj ^Ij t-rt Jl ^ 
j*£j| tjV^O 'V 1 ^' c/ 2 ^ W *y~^ ^y^- ^^* tj^i (^ <■<!&& (J»i 0y^-*J5> 



-rt-» V l5 (42) 

.i.i.-.iW iJUl Ooil U^ ja ,,^Ji»; UOoj (43) 

.OjilT uJVT i^jL : oijjJl jl* (44) 



87 



: 0»J iy$ **** cT&* ^Ji f* (^U «J/ 

J^^l tfj^ Jp ^^JL. Jr jl O^-iil OjJU^I jUcJI £&f U-Lp 

v->*vaj| 0], iJa-Ul li> Jp Wyi tJt^Jl, -5U, cSj^l ^ c jrJ f 

< 45 V>" f^ l*^j .SySail <4^l OJdl^ jy$ fsm! JajJa^J L.L-J <«, 

^r iffi d^ c/j 1 * ■ il,J ^ 1 J 1 ^ 1 l3 ois^ .(46)^1^ ^J/i jto 

^11 4*4 £jtf a* j^i ^ oK} c^U dill iLiA ^ ^1 or : JU5JI 

4if uik jlTj^ ji U-j 4 .w uUa4 ^bS, a^Xf u^ "*& ^u jjuu 

IaU V U 4jf V} 4j4 JUu" ^ 4j £Ui 0K~ U i_., ? ^; tjAUT Ip J-Xa~- 

cg^ J>u-i ^. 4^11 iaa j^j ol iij^i .^JUfj ddii j^i <48)^i 

(^JJ| ij^-^jLj* (^i b?-jj *$ SiLaj toils' cSn^ - *?L»*J b»» ,j>s (1 'ji*w 

*^4* tOU*/?jJi i^i>-l -^ Ol*% lOjPjJLt ^■g.^aj ,wjli 4jUj*Jj1 4*> «-_-i>*-^ 
^ft- j r U 4*^ ^ C^- (49) tjr j^f J^| cJ>i t) ^yt, t J^ 

t4*Ay« oLil Cjr \j^> tC-«ivP jLs> ^U LAp ^Jl Jl*u^» f /JjU-^Nl 
«OlJb} c5*^»» Jp' Ot A*) tlga.,rtflj IJb JjJl SUp Jj .5jLjJlH ^Ltf j^Pj 

(^JLa^L; 0\SwJl ^>Ui .jJl ip- ^y Up^l^j ^ «ijliJL^I JLio- J^yJ 
*>-j tj j{^-* ^-W* tij>*~*AJ) 4«_^iU> OlftJ {^=1^ «^ a li= a i (»-*j Oi^"U-*^ 

JslaJIj Ob^Jl «i^ ij 3ii>l» ^y^ Akkst ^Jl J^U Jp jjLj OUip^I ^ 

.1506 *— (45) 

.1508 *— (46) 

•(r^) •^^ 1 A-t o; a^ 4CI J, (47) 

V ^ ^1 U>]l jJli^lj ijUll v^T ^ yljdl L^B jJUjJl J^-J ij .fUji, o^U jU-Nl U* JS' (48) 

•((^r*) 143—140 : 4 iUi-NI t^Ul 
.^ ^m yy (49) 



88 



(O 01 ^1 .OfeJl S^U* ^ j&\ ^Jlp ^1 ^1 Jl^-N tJ \2h Ukil 
•*& f <Jj t^i «>** OLbj </^ JJLo 01 Jasii 01T ^JlJI tb^, 
«v^l t>* UJl ^iP i->- *U^ 01 a^ toJdl OlSL* £. <jJU <il> t Jl^l 
(^J <>J^ Jl ^ji f* J> '^JJ^ «j~L; lil ^ £»Lu- Ail pJ*Apjy 

Jak^U ciLjOil Jl J^Oj ot 1^ O&Jl 0] C~£ c^l J IjS JL^ 
(j>J -Wj^ ^^1 j» ]x^ U-i u£>" i-^l lyUpjj ^gljb ^U- 
S^ Os^t Jp Ir^iili OUj </^, AijUl, v ]^fl jUj dUi *b*f 
I^L-j jUVb b^ ^ ^U . Jy JT ^y^ 01 o*i ^Ju. j^ ^jijlUj 
y»J! 01 jp !sUi t^yi W v_^_j ^>\J*£i\ JLit ^ j»j»j j^Jl ^ j 
Co^>- i^i*. ijjUll ^l^ t^Jl ^^ c^l^i tjj^- iJU j OIT 
^ -u^l If b^_ fi ^^ji lOS^j l^ ^ y^ t j^| ^ ^u, 
dUi jSl-* |f s r «,b. cJj $ %^l ^Jj t^lU J^. y£ l^^. Cc/ j_J| 



89 



[p J~iU t ( j-*£~«* U^-yj ^i w)U«*«jl JUu ijjjll Jj Ol^ t£^* J 3 " 
jl Ua^A O^Jl Jb4 'ila~.\ji tjUu>Jl JJLU l^to-l Ol£-Jl J& iJaUT 
jb*iU J^*l coJiii jl *5 2uu*a>- jb Jl£l ^ oj£jy aljU^ *^p aJUj 
4ju- JT aJ l^ijj jL Jlip t_j l^xil >r t*^*jUa-j IfJl ^J^Ij d)I Ju?t^-Il 
jP S-^b lK jj** V^s^' u*—^ !>**y tSjljlS" JjUJI ^ (J>^/l SjisP 
Jf OlJb) (^^ JJ .Jy-AJI jyi £ljJl ^jfr j* OwAl £SUoJjj isL.ji/1 
till* <uJ *j»yU*o l<^>-j t4?la..«*" y-^"' *y£ Cri"^ OlSwJI *J& ^*i/ *iui 
7-jSiy 10 J^i 1*p j-i^iw 5jli«< o| JLijI t JJ /^ apJl>- 01 JOu t JliJ^Jl 
0l> <.<> aUpj U oj tpljJdl Jp a] W>1>- oJdl 0j& 01 : UbJI ijJl a-1p 
.olji J^j I^p a*'**^ ilAJU^ i^>— >p a-Ljw /»jij jjj <!$*- ^ dJLlil 
iu« CjiJ^' SJll AJJlAI C^jI^ .Lc-liij Ly>*A UJl^- Oytjfo* (»^l jlvos^lj 
OlSLJl Ja** ii\jj li*>U- dlii Jiju Ig.^a'i OUj) (^Nyt ^& tisjyJl oi^ 
Jl 9yr)\ Jl l^ Cy-Sll Oj^*-Jd -dbrl j* Ja^l c/JJl j£l\ cOUVlj 
(50)^ .2L*dl J^N 2L.j*JI JSL^ 1 > ^W 11 g^b 'J^ 1 

t^jli o'L—^j u-s-^l? J-fb "-^ ^ U * U 01 J* 1 J— ^ '^-^3 *r^ 

P^L-Ji ja j-JZ iJ^p Jl iiL->l JuaJ-l >uj-> 0j-p>o 0^— >-j «1>L3U 
IJlj> jJJsul .i-^-l Sj_^Sfl jfLy S^iJjj i^iail j^ i-^ij «J-^' 

^Ji^ ji j^j oi JUy .c«&* j£p ^l. ci ojL ^j f'-sAy t>* Jji^i 

ajIj >r tJjiaJVl *JUi ^s^sJ cJjJI ,_/»*« *J <^-^« tjj-li i^JL-f 'Oyy 



.1513 -u- (50) 
•u^-^ f» (51) 



90 



j*\}i\ jLu*i j U^ai fU tfttf iy£- iiu*j .iV «J fyt !# ^^ 
(\j^) jj>.i & cjf-j^ o* iJp J=* ! r^' oJl * ^"^ & -^^ ^^ 

j^j t JL*JI a^ oJdl ^ y^-l u*J}a*S\ SjiJl kiilJ ^ *Aj>- Cij-^rjri 

^ 01 ^j |1 AiSl dlli .<~}tj OlJbj «^Vyi £ ol>WI O^io *J\/}\ <>* 
tji-S' ^jJLa^ ^Ufj 0fc" c^J^I Jj-*^ c£*V" V: L*S"\>" ^jj ciLjJll J L?>«*- 

r*xy o - ^ cH 1 ' ^ "*"* ^ ^ (52) ^3 lj " Vb *M J**>. ***«*>. 

o^ji>- ** ji*z~M gfo ^ tl)lpl;U JjJlJl j-ilp -^ J^ lJ oL-LcJl 

OiT'^JI cOyxaJl; ijyoll ((jhUI v^JLjLIj tj-Jjj t>.-.,vattll oUj>- <JI/>-N 

i-wkUl k^>liijaj ijJdl ^i o;^ t^JLJ Jjji aJI ^Jj 4<; j^I U ^1>o JjkJVl 
^ilX. Ji]^Jl jL* Jf. Jp )^»J jh^I Ji 4»U»^Ij 4AjjUI l- ^AI I ^/wy 

j»dl c3 Jy-JJlj Iv 1 0**^' V^"b ^-^^ t>* fj^i ^ f ilJ0cu-Nl^ jj^d) 

ryj^r ULy P"i\)ai^Nl JLyaJL L-jl Ji OBj -j^** co-Oil ^Ul jl ; iiJV^ 

JijM-i wi» «f>^>i t _ 5 to- <jl*j ijUii <_>^ ^ y^ (53) >f£ o**^-' 

^lapVl mU (^JlII a^Ju (ijjJI ^^s- jLyiil *y^ p-A^j t*^JissJ Kr^' 

.JJJI ^^ Ol$4~l k^- ja pzrj* *i\ {f- (t^J^i tSliAl -Ja«w ^« ipL>»Jio 



•wwsf o- Jf- j* (52) 
.^p ^x- y» (54) 



91 



y*-JS\j iL&II ooJdl ypl JuJl Stop c?j •***- ^ ^ W» jr^ s-^ J 1 
ijUil Jb4 ft b*Vl oJl* Jj .oJiil ou^ii tc/*i]£Jl ^ Jp CJtT ^1 
t^ j^JI Oj^sT 0j>>-^ tOlpljt* Jp (^ ol^liu dy_y»j |y^ ji-tt\ 

Jij ij^wrl^" J^UU 01 iL~£ ioJdl ^JwaiS f_pUl ^Nl ^glapt, coiiJdl 
w^il dJUi JLp .*^Uj ot OjJb^. ^ p-*«.Up1 01 l^ljj IL«i.lU p-r^j 1 
jp 0l£-JI *iUi tiJUi ol^ljap cJ- 4JL3 jj-JI ^ (O^JU^I) 

lj\ 0l£~Jl Jp ^Jaj 01 Oji tJlxSJi Jp OUL £jl t( ^> 0*jj .^ 
01 JUy iJb'UJl J.UJ jjjUj aJ £—4 01 LJU? i ( ^»w-JlI Jl jj-Jl JpI ^ 

jiii. c^sL^j ^^i jp ^ ^ ot ^um ^ ^ JJLr ^ aJ £** 

r\jt\ Jp JliJftll OUI; C-ij 01 JUy t^ 1 iT ^ JJ^ ^^ a ^~ 1 

J^iJI Jl^p JLu aj \i& Oy-jiU Jp aJ J*j c^^iJl ^j^l ^ ^^ W*' 
J^- l^-o |l 015UI 01 <±~rj .4(,Ull ^> ^ U*-l ^ ^l ^" J 
oJia J^»-l ^jj .i^alap C-J^" a**x!I 0]i ^i^ 1 («-r: l; »«- J, c? t^> J^ 
^1^ 1^1 Ioa pitii L.JL;p iijUll L^j^Ip o^ 1 fci^'j V J^^ 1 ^^ 
^ iili 3[ >.!, . JlLjjJI JJUL. j^lj U*>>J aJW-j L^JI J^jI Jj^JI 01 

Jp J_yU^ 01 uzj£. ^i-1 Jl v^^ ^* ^ ^ t^Kl (J^ eri^ 1 ^* 



.j_ r m« i^J-^ (55) 
.ujj^I -v^**!! j* (56) 



92 



Oil tjvcjl <u« ^ 01 J*y .(C-iiw" ^1) ^ J| \+Sj>- JLw.li .JUj>U 

f f SI * " 

illi Lip; dAUS" ly*^*s>li tJaJ 0l£— l^: <jJJi\j c Li ^. aJp CJlT 
gyt? J~Slj tdUjjJ-l A?U-yi 4jLJ- pi, U Jp JjjUl ^, 01 wUy . JU^I 

ioail J lj L-p- i^J tj^iP jl jljiJl ^ ^ t^J t...„« I^L*. ^jjl 

-*ls»l ^— >■ JlwjJl Jl *yL-l J& ilp ^ cSft^JLJ^ ^iJdl ^ a~Sj bjj^* 

: j^jf V^- JUpt ^ 

^^u L^-L-j tijUll Jp c^Ip ^ U^I. 01 tjyj^ UC ^JLUI tjajjb 
f I jr lJ»\aj> Jp iJLlA ^ \i^j.j Jls- i~> o*w Jp iuil^i a^aJl jS"y.l 
J^UI sUj ^ .jjjj tOLyiJI ^ jjrfL.j oJl £. ft U* oli UUaJli t *^JI 
Utu-I ^ t^-l,* iu- iiL~. Ujai 01 JOw r-L*aJl lJ l^U-lj ,Ju*IJUi5l jl 
c~>- ij*£i\ J~U Jl }Uy u ^Li\ VJ / Jl jl^Jl ,Jl^u j, U%- 
j-fll ^j Jp L^a ^-^iJI ^U* jlp juJI ite Jj .(57).4i5* JJJI Liu 

(*-f-^* j ilU* 01 Jjw S^p l^-l j^^^J tljplJLu-l U *^«oiil jp ijUil *ib 
J^- 0> d^iJ oc*— y ^ t^- c^-l j^^ i^-Jj jij <. l j>*- T ~* <j\ JxSj 01 Oj^ 
'(^•^ J>^" t3r** c yrJ' Ji V^aiil jy^vaJI j^P ]}j^>-]) aS^I f-Ljl Ijy ^-LJI 
i(Jj>-\ l^r jfij -iJ/^J v-r 7 ^all CJIS' jo- ^ to-L- a)L>-l O^ljU (^Aj 
O^ tj J-*^ -^'cr* (^ (^* Jc 5 J-^a»' ^ OlT^JiJI ;Jjjj ? U| jUjy ^ Oli 
l^pj OlS' j^l 0^ tjlpjl ^ ^^ J^jl, 01 ^»-»«o / ccJjiJ Jp oi/l 
Jp o^>- j-L>-^ '^>=r^» i-4*xil Jbr^J co-LiJbfl j^ JU *y 0^3 <U->- 



1514 ^ ^ ^ (57) 
93 



O^Ul •-* ji^T >tfr LSI iJli -Lp« t^U tgp^Nl U^aJl J| a?-L«. ob^Jt 

^ ytNl jj^iJI J| fL-^jNi 0*y -«^4j <^r* **aU Jl b^ f 'p-r* 
o^-^Jl iLilil ^ ^L*5j ijw»l i/^* £• JJ^ <ii jv-*^ jjujj^l -Vi4*l 
^ liJJi OK* &/ tjsr-U- c£l a»:>Lsl» Oji tjL^-lj JjU ,_/aAJj tSfci-^aJlj 

SI?- f)A t-Aj^' ^yo ^ iC— JJtJ JujJl* Li-^J \a^S- cbJ ,J*^ JLii 

^ jj> iJLP ^ a^o- ^ j| u^ a^u, jr iU £ i*j~u ^si^ii (j^u 

^U iJUU OU JuiU yU Jl aJ^j Ji jJp Ut tj^jl £U ^53 lof^l 
aJ Jb N OK* 0|j tAP^o Ui>-i; Jj»5 CASijJL* i>-Ljl j^P ,__£-£ Olott oW-\j 

{\jjj\j jJUl C-^- (58)^1. ^ J^>- ^JaSj jyjl Jl>j tj Lsa^l j>*- Ail 

Oy o^j OJL4 J[ ~A£,j~j (59)1U-| Oj^ ^Sy Ai ^JJI OLyUl ,yuw ^Ji 

y * * f 

^^ ^L^Jlj ^Mjj C-i^wJl ^ s.^ p-^ aJI djtji 01^ ijj>jl^ ^i-l 
Jl jJJbb -^ A>-J liJJi / lij .s.UadMl JUP <~Ju ^f- AJlJb 01 A-Jai-J 

iiU* oytai Wl) '(^»Y IJuh 0l ^ ^^ t?^ 1 C^ j> Cr^^ ^ ,jL ^ji 
JU U-W.U ^1 c3 Stilly OL->il ^ IfcS* bJLP JLi^t 0^ ^JJI dJUill U-t 

jjJb'UJI jjJlft Ajjbi V-— Idl J^ ot jJ-1 AiL U^P ^ Oij tAJptfUi J| j^. 

01 ci>J ^ ^J u-i^^ ^> i>* sA? ^ S yf-^ U ^ dj - ^ J^ 

.AjjUil ja £~-\j AS- Jp O^w? AAjX« ^j (H*^ L5*^b .A*5j}l 0>i> ^-^-f^J 

.j^l ^^UJifl (58) 

•1514 ^> j*-\J4 (59) 

.oi^ij jVUl l> (60) 

94 



lp tiJUliA |j^J .-^=H £^ e^-sdi (£*-*]^ AajjI <£y~> OJli eJU ^p. Jj^ 
Jl&l Jl /"Ml ^W^ ^ !>W 'J^ 1 ^^ ^ M ^ !**>£ 01 

Jp Olf .Ja^jJl J 4*s*Sll £• tSLtll j^ iUj^ ^-J-1 ^o'U&l aJUb -jj 
b-ji f-> Aj^ Ijjr l^ L,*j tijpUl ^Jai ^^ \^J\j 

jUU Jj^t 01 Uj lLr ^i\ c^U* Jij y*Jl lyft 01 Ji U£* JjjLi .1^ 
£ J-^xi .J^- 1 Jl J*-~M j* ^yr*-"^ pr*^ 1 &y*£ *i;Wi J*>- ^>- 
L. f- r - ^ JU^NIj Still ^1 01 -Uj l^x*o 01 JJ *^«vUj jt^lp 1>-jj 
., apI^ £• ^j^* <-*^l ~**i)\ (Jf- -^>i i>jWI jAp 0S~ .iSydl OIju: ^£j: 
M OS" 3>l j^ 1 a* ^l* >^ 0j:> C^ 1 by&~-i ^ ^A ]}j % .'&*& 

il>-»j fi J-i* l-^* !>^"JJ • A**^ li ^j^r Still tf ■^JJ tOlvyiil 
}Ui .sU- 01 *Uj tSJJLj ^^JLp J^-j tA^I/di <U5\sJl V^J *A <^J-^" <^iJI 

j$o jJ*il jJ^SSi 01 ^ lijs*- "jj^= 01 OjJ J-Jail (J^ j^A-JJ CAi-jU. 

ytftf y 1 !y^ jiiil ^.-Li^ Jp _^i ly>- ji l^lT ffi di!i ^ku-i (Ji 

\y£ ji^ UVi t|>ii>^ 01 ^ 0i[ IJUjj .jJUJi ejjik* Cij Jj w»U--jl 



■V- j-mAI illi Of (61) 
95 



jj&^ >j jjuJI ^U5 j^l hj\A\ J\ J3 t J~M J ^ ^ U? -^ji 
j^p J*>- £ «jl; jl (jljj dJJi l»-ji f£ ^a^. lij .j^*>*j p*>l* !jX 
<jl Slidl y.\ U Jl*j _>U«~jMl Jf-J *~^ °f\)j \+ <-**jb ^ir^ Js*^ 1 

OK} tvt JL j^U^. p*j iiby Ua I£h" j^ 1 ^J ^^ <-s^= C^** - 

*^r ji irjjji**. j» '^-ji r 3 "^ <il 'V-^- ^ ail ^ ^^ °-^ UJ1 
b^, f i a^r jp ^ju- j^f *>^ ji sxso ^ijit ijUii j^j lu-i-u^ 

^JUly jJ>j b-ji 4 J^ 01 .Uy oIpL o^' ^ Oj}I c-*b iS>il 

ojp cj tM W- ^> o*~^ o^" '^ fU* i) 5 >^ ^ ^V' 

ijUll JLSiJ .^JO^ sty fc** jJU» 5i,U*. <j ^U-Vil v-^^dlli Jf 

y>j *^-b >^'l > ^ ^rr--^ 15 -^1? c >"bj ^J u y ^-J « jJ ' *>* ^ 

. &\f. ^\/\ £jj. tf *»~. liAU If .A^yj a^jj t«u-> 4; UO*i ^^r- 

t OiJ\ pj ly>U JJJU ^ ^-i> S^f Jp OK, c? J-UUUSJ OjaJUijsil 

JlUj i^Ll ^ j^JLJ L-^U (ciSI j^ ^5 OS" <^iJl ^^ ^ Ul 01 
J r lj i^ ^i gj\ r l ^r ^j 1 ^ ^-» «il J^J UA:p c ^ V* U 
4,Ull jo iS>il ^ iiU aJL*j lij cJJll- oJi *SU a*> OIT il ^1 j^ 

.jliJlj J^-SO j>-JI ^ ^a^-^11^ 



uu tfa ji^-j ijiiyr ^ajjUii if (62) 

96 



<utj t jUu>Jl y iJdl v-Ji? -x* OtT ^vo^v lP L>-jj fi 01 jJp Uj 
tf/fcll fJrtb utr^ 1 jJll ifrl^i A*-y_> 4j.Ij ^ t^liJU pL U J& ^ 
Jp <u,JiS fJbJ dJDij i(Ll~oi>J c ^f) ^ oj-Ip Jp ^UaxlJj tjUj>5i tlAU 
,~li£ olT <i\ j&- \p£ *1W-j jJIp OlS} .oA^T t^T aj^~»p a±o*j flJJl 
Jl J^j Uxpj .aJ ^yJl Jp x-l j^ 01 Oj^ ca^> ^^au U JT 
\j£a Jii jjSK' VLpI y SJ^J r^^j /^" **j^ ^ W^ 1 «Ai>Ail» 
Jl ^-^ l$^iU OT ^JJl 0^* Jp 01 JJDi .yM ,_/a*j £• (j-UaxU 

■ 5^= Oli 4<j^>-l A£>- yj .Awa^- ol»*>U Jp A^£ ^Jj«J lAy»lj AijiU: ( J~-I 

Oj-iJ4 [yjT *^N cL-jli jjy^- t^T - i^* -1 o* ^ ^ ^^i I c£JJl 
Ot il;l L.JLP j£3 c<u-iU-j oJj^- £^ l^ s-ij^ yy Jl >^i ijL^-l 
jJuJl JJI t£— 1^ #*# A»L~. Jp ^^aJl l? ^y 1 J^ 1 (%-*-*d J 1 cT*^ 

'>** a*' ls**^ ***^ Uh~^ -rV^ C^ 1 "^ ^^ <->' a * ! J*J 
J*! aij .0L-y5\ *^^4- ^UJI JtfUJl y> OlS~ ^ij cL-jli 0^>- a** iiJlUj 

JUy tAjUpf AJLflOj aJU-j vW^i jWI Ail Asr-ji Jl L-o- *£A> ^Jl iDi {J J^ 

y»j fU A*-^j l^ d-5C«j -^r°j l$Jb-li ciJL* y* JL»I aj*# Jjo Jp a*jIjJI 

jk>- ^y Jb M OK} .A^— • jl Av-jja^ CJlT jlj^/l a^ 0*^ cUli s.U.1 Jili 

u ^i*j a-^vsj *>U oJll oJLa a-*IX. J,| ^A *ii (^JJI yNl cSJbJbr Ju\ 

»^- A^-Jj tjji»-l AiL UJUP oU«J U-j AOJ tjj^iiJl (J Oitplyl l jl*>«- t «j.l 

Jp j^ 1 Ail \}j UJL^ iaJ O^IA 1 ^Ir 5, S^ $ ^1 u- U Jl ljljlp ^" 
«_* Jl^dl J2ii J,| j^j»ijj dJJ'ij i*-***^) -^ ^^ ^T c j*^ Aj^Xt ajI a«^L^» 

tA** cJlS" ^11 ^UJI^ 0Uki5l jja^ JjiLy t^-jli AjUli ^ JjUL. ._i^l 
Xai Oij ^-USL. Ji :>Ip ^ c^-li ^r ( _ya*j £• J-^-l J} ( _ r iiJl J-io y> Uj 

t^^Jl ^»l ^ Jjl* Jp A«5l^ll O-Xilj AlKi 0l>~- ,_/i»J Ar> li>-l cAX*tfi^j aJUt-j 

.aJ \j*-&£ 01 Jl \jj*j>\ (iUuuJ jt) ^Jkj ^U diUj uJUJ^JI ^ JT 

* * * > 

97 



.s-UfiJl i*JaP AjUj viiii jlSo t^g^j 

Uj>*»J iijUU iW-l ^11 tjyjl ibJL» JltfjJl dUU jilp jlt 

.(iiyJl) OlpljU Ol£u lf^ ^ 

01 ^ !>Uai c^-l *Ji t^i j^ j^l Up UjP ^^ l^N tdJJi ***j V^Sy 
ii^U 1^*1 jjJlJI cU/tJl jl> ^piiNl J-io Nl ji?^ ^jllfo ^liJJl 
J[ J^jJl 01 Jj AiL^'L tip* »^*^ ojjj l^U- iJ^iJ CJK' V^ ',_r^V 
i^J-b (*£jA\) 0\p|;U AJjX. jI^~ JjUILj .v-S""!^ Jp ^ jjK>- j^Jl 

.( 64 )U»USL-J U^>-*Asaj ji^fi OVpii v_-jbi tAPf-o U^jj zyu i S^j 

AjjUil *^ J»j jj\} t%5 j_y«jl *J>-U jjiU IJl^ Olpl)l* £U- jjp l-JLpj 

J^k^l J *^> ly^. d~^ t JkJ>Jl J[ TU-lj Ol^l j~-j V ji^jsr-jil 
Jl*u Jli . C 65 )/^-! LSr-b *y* 01 Jl iJloMj *^)brjl OJlJ Jij dJJdl 
iJu^iJl b\ • { _ff-^ <Jj\* C~**~*?\j iL.ail ji**J oilpl Jp ^jdr£ -k)^ 
tjj^^-dl jUJJ *Jl>j* j^i j_^ji j JjLiJl V t^S! W^" f»^= ^*^ 
Nj ip^V r. J^ - ilr*^" <■) !*""^ f***^^ -3^ ^* *~>*~~W i yuJ\ y*j) 

01 

j — °!r* 

N *^2A J& \f\ jjj C4i-XP jly-.ll A^Ui ^J c_ Jli U Jp _ i»j«H 

^ji-i wA-*>j -l^- (63) 
•Oylf i^-ij-'j ^L- ,y. *Ul J-* lS-V- (64) 

i*)Jl oljj w >- j^-Slj . jU> ^1 li5C* i_-Jr«]l i»wJl ^U ^ lto*vx> ^L- ,j> *U> J-f- ^-1 *-£~ 

(f*-s*) 20 : 5 iLo&JJll .^s^Ul >.' .Jij^JI JJt xp y. 
"XL, jl j^jl ^u— Vl» U.-ij Jlj) tAy jUi .jJi JU U» ^UJl ^jpvi" J' WsPj ■^r 51 J t?^ 1 (65) 

IW-1 IJUh ^ j>. jljjjl _ aJ^UT _ J^jL. g-y t"5L« 44 jJi'l OIT Ujj t "iL. 14 -U> Jp . jlyft Xp (66) 
76 ,>»UJj c 1 5 8 • 1 tU^l Jup j i Jij^l >jI 'j^jLS' 70>kj ^>yi J l^ juj j\ tj^-)/ Jl JL.Nl ^y 

•(r~.rO 
98 



t JUufrM uLlL* Jj SjUVl Ijijj jl Jp fUl JUNL; ,W»>APJJ JbJl>- ^ ^uJby 

— ' S. fi c 

jVl ^ .OL^-I ^?r ^y L,J[ yy-li .^jL- I j:>lp jl Jl jJJi I^La Jij 
JuH a*wUl Oj^aSj jfJfi^i IJL» JX» JU 



a*, Jp 4*ilj ^j .illTi Jl f aS Ujlp ( 67 )tJJ5 Jl* dUi Jl Ij^il If tu -l» 

-LS^lAb £••-*" Sfc^ *Vf ■^M' ^ 'i*** - ' jj~>*~~il 

JJ ^ 

l^-'il . jjTI ^5*- s j^^^ai J*>Ms>l JjkliJ cJlj U d.-3-tj^L-l j^ >jc^j 
jJU» J^ AiL>Mlj 4(68) jbjj^. jlj^itstf. jUljJL. 4 IfLill ( _ r oiJ AiSwJ' (^AJl 

JLpI Jij .(^^^ *^P[j 7CAji!l S^iS' Ij^J tiJU^JI vj/^' J^* 1- , ^dr* i 
1(7 ^2j j! L* jV* -L>-l j^ 1 i| t^L-l j^pxj^II jiiP Jl JLl* Ig y^" ji^j^ 

.SjUVl cbly fU-l ^ ^ jl^ Nl 



.56 J-aiil (67) 
j-j!> u-^ ( 68 > 

99 



n 

L>- Jp i*Stj CAj^ jl^ Jp A»yi^ l*)J-5 '^ A*-"|j ^ J ^ g?* 

\^>\jk& ^-j |^J jUJl yj J\ ^ V^ -^.*W W^- ^ U ^ 

Lj-^3 X^s- 2uull al* .cL-*J t^ p*j tyjJl ^ ^ u^ <r^- o* Cr^ 
iJfo vV^Ij JlSUl U> 0}£ >waii J ~*y*i* *AjO* (j^U**) j^ a1*L£ 
01 Oo olj^ Sjlp ~05l Ui Jai£ ajJ JUj .jo iSli v^c- UAj .p***~S 
. U5 Jl> Us w>j ^1^ JU>- <3U- y>j au- jyli .u* aJp /p aJIj t^-ij 
JU^I ^> J cajI<0 ^ J^j caJ^ xJSl Jl ^li Jii- j^-f (^ lij 

j ,^JUU 0>£— ^jJi yjJlS' ^.^ o^u r ,^3 i r ,^^ VyJl 

.^f J A~^ t^JJl ^Uii(y*jli Ifrjy* ^ Jp f69)^yj| 

OyuJlj J^ljJl JvaiJi 

^' il cjS^J a^Ip cAJy.U 2L£ jcAiJl c3 CJB' .^lj aa^ }y*\ \r. ^J- 

Jl axU-j cUJI b^o ^li dJUb. Ul Oli cJU^i dJIi aL> SXi a*^U 
f UI Ijw* l^gaj. (I OISLJI 01 > tJiii ^ aJU 3^ c^*p 1^3 c^Nl 

*Li iji/^-j c£-Mj * sl ~~^-J <~^ ^^ < ^ J1 ^Ij ^-T^ 1 ^ tH l 
.o^ii. OV^ C-— f w*^ (72)^jL| ^^S3 ^bjj j»^— ii* ji-frU- 



.^L-\ ^ j^-y i/*J"> (71) 

<,►>■/.) y^» > ai ^ JB >- S - ^^ ^"^ ^' ^ A * '"** ^ ° 2) 



100 



c. u 

C^il^Jl oJLft jS- fjjl JjliLXi 4J/J1 ^/^ ij 2 *^ *"^ -^[^ ^i 

-r^ *j (*-*J JJ^Jl^ c5^' ^r?*-* ^1 -J-^J • Jj^ J \j***~i 01 0j?4 V (♦^V 

^ OjOp ^JLp -v^Aj j^j jU^i «_^Nl j^[yh ilN cjJU^Jl j^ bop 



L «. g , II 

Vi ^ iu'_ii ri_/ 
c * * 

**"V -c?^ 1 r l ^r ^> jp ^UaJi i*jUVi l^—i i#w> *^ju 
'****■ cjw J ^' ^ -^ -u^A c-* 51 ^ V*J*^j ^ «-— ^> 

JJ ,^li op Ufa* ^Ut (73 )t/ ,ii dUL. Ul ^ C U icL- ^ ^J| jja) \ j^ 

jiij jU^'i ^f j o^j j^ji a^jj .i^ir 4ikdi^ ^yi ojub j*. 

*L^ *U Oj^a-. U-Lpj tu ^/l Jp o^jux, «l£U LJLi^Vj ^y^l 
^Jl i-UM OjiAsCj Oj>>vi cUj£ J J^a; ^ U^ j^ [&& J 

iJis^J dyjh S&3\ Jjbl Oli IJ^Aj .Ujji^J J* J^oJl l^ Oy->«i«o 



.^Ul ^V (73) 
101 



Oy-Jlj liJlsJl JvaiJI 
e> ^b jlr-i ^ u '«^Ji f i jf J* SjUSfi l^— i ^ ju*u 

* * , ~- 

U J 'u^jjy '^ju1?j <c~jJj Ji* (i^) W ^1 ^n&l^LT isjj 
j^Jl cValy tSjjSL- ^^Ij cL^Uj yiTi (/ *Jil o^ W* 5 ^ Li*y -U^ 

.*-^*Jl £.<*r -^J _/£>»* OUj^Jl JL$P 



t_- ^b U**J^ *?"l^b jIt"^ Ujlsl^-I (ji-iJl ^»IJUiJl JSjU^/l (^f^-w-lj •_* ^j 
l«.>..i L>-j UJUP 4ju» y\i vlJJL» jpJ-l 4-^x)av>^ -^J»*J jji'jJ' uSU^' ilr* ■*■**■ 

tJL^iJl iii!i J^» l*ii*jw iUj 01 Oji aJI^ oJlil C--ii tJjLiil oJUb ^ 

102 



Jy-Jlj ^L- 1 -! J-^ 1 
«i^4 ,J ifai jririb j!** - ' ^' ^ a ^" '£?i^' f' -/^ (J^ k**^" ^i^ ij* 
^y A\5\jt> ^U*Sj OpJJ e^SS" l ^J>\)\ Oy~£*-i i j^-t^ij 0^]^- (*-fr^J 'J^*-^' 

(74) j_^ ^ Oy 4$3*-U o,b iiLft j^ L^Sj -^/yU *^-U» ^[)l J i-i^ 1 
^UxlVl j| ^ <jpl UJL. dJJi j- Ol£~Jl fji *Jj JLij .^-U ciiL. c^Jb'Uj 
Jl \j*\& f .jJUu>Jl ^k~* jy [fj^-j v-r^ 1 Cr* ^-"^ '^ J^ J>I 

(t _gIS' jji/xj -^jJl J^L^' «*** -r'W yU-i" i-illl jUJaij Tt^iJl ^ 

.aJ}I aJL^ Ir^J ti$*tf ttI^Ij j>~^ V: -^r^J '^ 
C-JK' .4jUJJ iLs^ ^jkj cLgii^J Jl Jj^-Jl (J A^Li wjI^I Jix^> 

^ OU OVI ^i cjL^Nl ^^o U olT ^1 «L-j tJ fo cjjLT Ul .1^1 



■u-i^j* ^ ^r- r^ ( 74 ) 

103 



c c 

y>j .L^p aajo ^ip ^r-^-j 0?^% iJ&-\J\ AfirjJ<i\j tNjW JLLSi o^Sj!} 
j«aij ijtj}\ \^)oaj (^i «u>j 45,jPj5l Jb-Li ^^J ajU IJe»- UaLS. 0&" 0|j 
J g ^l CJlT LjIlpj .i-CjjjaJlj Nj apUaJI N 1.; ,/!■>■ ^ -c£j i<U"l J«j4 

.uss?w-J.I Jp £j\j\Z- ( y^ i d\ z\j\ lil {-$*<»£) t/"!^ 1 

U^ dUAJ .^i-f oU>JL. ^ ^\fy cOjStfJl _/^ij *£-ik ^ J-4-l 
jp ^UoJLI JJ-i U» Jl JI^JI Ml clLoil oJL* Jp O^^UI J^l 

ulp dJ^ir i^tsj . juj^i djoi i^ji^ ^^u jp i^ji ^& 4rf ^i 
Jl oyui jUtij 4** r£**t Jbtu iji^yi oJub ji ^-u ^jul. y-f ^ 

j^Sj ^ SjjUil J^JI ^ 0^ 3JLpj o>JI ^1 ^ .iJiL^Jl 



(p^.) .^» 12 ^u Jp : jlj^ll a^ (75) 

■V 3 * j* (76) 
.q,^!) ^ (77) 



104 



JjuJ\j ^U3l Js<aiJl 
l^pj £^JI f I jr lip dJL4 j^a^l J~U i,Ull 4 tr *~~j <jJl1I JJ-I IJLa 

JT tjj .Vil" ^^ ja ^3 j& ^viJUVl ^j-1* J*aij ^JJl Oj^^jb J^>- 
•^ i-lp lj4aij CjJLJl ^UPj 'jj^b .XV" iV* ^*s*^" 1 -^- 1 ^^ 4i* Ol£* 

^SCJlI JjUil ^p SjIp jjJ^u iyJl ^ *>\£Jl Jp \l oy~~ N iiLJI 
Aj\ 0&~JIj l-L>- }UI JJ-I IJLa 01^ .Lk^i ^i^p jj| jl Tc^\/ oJlju 
ciiLy- oljlj oJLp <ti cJlj Uj .JjL* /*^" |j}/*^ /^* ,^4 ,j^ c -j^b>-Jj 
OlS" t ^jwXw-Al a^lp Jp ^Ai J^-^ 4*-*ir* (j^UI l^ji £-*\j*?j iiJL-L*j 

.U^jj Sikdl ,^p| LfJl ^j cL^ Oy-o iiLJl 

jSj ijiS ijj-. «jLJI (J j*>«-*fljl oJLtt •_* a^UI 0»-*JI ij& 0«>o 

JoJJ «^j»» ^Jb ^J (^^ dLc- £. c^jjJl^ il!y}\j cOyll ilb^f L^i 

IJL53 <JJ-I IIa Jp iiJb^l 5^$3l j^jjaJ! SAaUw i_~>oJl ^j .Ub>- .**JJ| 

•^ LL>I 
II* JjJjc ^JJI yb- ^1 olT tjJ ^|j ^| Jp OjJUJnJl Jyu-I lij 
STlp. wjI^I ^j^jij oJLpUj: Ai\ j&- cviL-UT JlioNl aJL* J ^2j L^l 
a-4 oli*>U- 50p J c-jJU-j ciiil. v^-aJ JL^I c^jli (S%a <^\j J aw^ 

.jALS" A^l omyiJb. 

^TUS/I ^ OU l^t, .OLiJ^I ^A ^> Ipi ^Ij t JU^JI j> ^ 

pjipf ^TUI illTj ^151 j a^, V, .1^ iUj Ui <J^ -4JJU id. iiU 

.Jy^l ^ O^lioi ^Jl^ t-ij^fl ^ f^T ^ Ulj/i ^Jl ^ 



■Alb Jl l*, ^-jJI JSflj JljJI, ^jll >J|, >VI JiVl, o^Jlj JJjfl, ^1 ^iU ^ (78) 



105 



'u^lr* *^J* f^*\ (j - ^ j*} 4 0L0 lj?-** 15***^ ^ xOSNl II* 

J,[ IjLi As<ajj tc^UI ^ w^i Ij^ J^j cC. i .j.yjlj ^ JLp jrf^j <^~->- ii'S'i 
,j^o <4ji*- Jj .^)\ f I cpl} J,} f A'ilj joU^ ^ ^JUaij c^Ul X^\ {£s\j 
Oyjpl >>wj /y^&k 4iX« ^j 44^Jb Iplp J^iJ ^1 tj^l (j**^" t^^" 
JLhj ^p L^« i»«il^ll (ji^l/* AiiJL» S)jj*j l^ ijjj ^zll AS'l^iil u^lwsl ^~«j 

Jl Sa^-** aJL* ^j> Jb-i ^ (2)0 Ji _ r Ja*- Sjlit (CxliNl II* 0l£- 
c UjV U> J>t ,H^ AJKi OlC ^ j*\ ^.Sj/-* ^ C^J- 
•llubj' .Spu^fy ifr£s\ kJ>\L\j gJ& \j j^S 4~^ ^ OjPj^ t^^ 1 
£ Jr Jl ^Japlj coU^H WNl *> g*5 l$J3\ Js^Ll jpIU oW £U 
c4«ij <JU5I Sjip ^JiNl II* J ^.flJ If .aL*4-I hi>>t\ ^il jSUj t5j>ii 
^ OI^L-I ^ ^ jcJSNl II* JUoiy .lyjt li-it JU- Jtf C— J ^ 
^JL-j, obUJIj <£JI i^ J^V OlC- l^3J OAil dlC ^ -5jM J^ 

Jty t l>l> J iSj^iS JU-I 5^ i^JLNl 0^. 4^1 jUI^ ^UJI 
J^UU ^ Jp colJJuy olilli ^ 4j,td» fc-LNl JI* 1^ <^ c - l^-^f j 
.^pNI A^ilAi oLiJU a~ 0j& N ^iu Jka«„ Nj ftli^iJl ^ Ii« ^^^1 



j^'i ju yOJ \irM (2) 



106 




•^ jJlp *rfe ijA CjUcJ^J f-UsAjlj O^U- Cr-^l Oli 4JL»P jj^x-b 0j^-~« ^*J 

jU>«il ^ iHU i-*xy cOyojJl jUw>lj ^>JIj oljai* l^lS" j-l^iiJl .^Jl 

l^j^o i j^l irjjJ ^u-j^ij OjlJlio JjJl£i cjj^il O&LJ pljJl sUpI >tJLaJ1 
l^»waj 01 Jl j^k^ 1^3 IT jUJl Olj (3^^1,1 4pljjJ ^j/Ll Jp Ojj^ 

-ix- JJl i^jja*;) tAj)Ul CjUIJLiaJlj (j^UJlj ^j^xL^j* j>-\ J| 0l£* ■_* »-$*<• 

l^tsiy fU^l (JjNJ C4^>- j5Cj yUjJ JjiM J| 0j*AJb IjjlS' JjiJl JLjjJ^j 
* c c 

^r^ 1 lt^ Jl ***y Jj^ 1 J 5Jm,35- ^»l;l oaII JaI ^jjj 

slj^Jl ^j-a-i^J tO*)L*^ oljWa-j j^jL^j .j*-r?j/ , j (t^^'j c)j/>*^b t0jj;L< 
C~->J .SJja«> A^i^Sj j^j-u^i ^JLH"^J (♦t^r*^ d-fcwwl (J^wj (♦t^'J -l*^!" 
tf-lijJlj ry>?^\ cP^J ^ <-^ ^1 'VSr^ ^J 5-pLJa^l *^N ^ h^a^- oJll 



.JL Uj jwiail .jjj yL_il jSju- (3) 
107 



pj>j ( 4 )3ij^^. aJLS ?• jj^ Jj^I ^ ^ I^ISL- .aJIp 5JLi^ ,-I^L oij)> 
.^L^aJl^ jl>3 ^j* j& i^p- *^ ^ -^jy c cM' t ^ p "^i OU*>«-i 

iu-j AjL—>-j »jjjl *lp (Jj -bj^ jy^^i <*+£■ C-jK' 0]j llfilJb 4X*&£- 

.U^l JL> 'ufty^- U»US~ cuts' UJbu tl^L^ ^Vi jJULi c*i> ^JL*. 
^p _^Ij JujoII oJL^ OS" : Uf^>- IjJiii ijuT (v^Jlj -Vir^ ^j^in^' 
ty OK" li 4U>J ;a3 "Ur-jjS"' LjJp J-** 3 ** «W-j v-** 3 "" ^'* *^» cr*^ a - ^ i>* 
-W? J^ij ^UaP^/^J OK' j^jjl iJsiJjP^M OLp^I Ju-t lj&s>-| «_>U^I 
J aJ Oilj 01 *U-I ^ d-ijJt ^j^o jj^ JUj v_-ii»j jUll IJla j>-U\ jcSsi 
^ LUll ^ ^li dlU Jl J^ jjNi Jp J^ UL, c^U Jl _>UJdl 
^jli AJli*# A-ia*j 01 -u* Lr J\ f .-£. ja Ail^l U aJ ( _J^-j ti*iUI <wijb 

Ifbc*.^. ^1 (jjAil Jp ^ J,y«-y (♦•r'"'' J*^ i*\ Jp J^l; AjU-^-j 
l;JJL« lA~P; liiiil Jj .Ai- JS" JUi* (_*Nl A*--" aJ (^-^JJ liiLJli hu\j 

a!*£ i a^J >.jS\y Jp V^ cSj^ c/^ b^ Js*^ <j ^^ fl ^* V^ 
Nit L*lp ^li Oj»M \*\j tAj^LJl oL^l^iM oU) ^y» ajI« iuij t^j-- L>o 

wjU^-^i o\j tOj \j&\£- *^i oi>—Ji <_£ij \ij -(»^p tiUj Nl 2lu*^aj *\iU 

* *" ' # * ■* 

dJLLL l j ,JL.,~.'»o 01 Oj-bfti jvr'V "—V^j 01 aJp ^^ ajIj (ojI! i^o^ <J 

A^J cjjx*-^ (^j tj I^Ss^U oJa^M r: J** .a^"1j -»Jh,L^a?- >r (^JDl jj-li 
OlSCJl a) JLw- t^iJl ^UJI J,^ J^-j -A^li cijUil ijuo OJJ ^ i_^p 
L*p Oj^)Ju*j oUaJI Ju*l «iiL>»i t^U liiii Mr^y^>- l^ip|j ^UjJLil tvJLL* 
tx4ap JU»-1 [J aJU-Jl oJl^ 7T_}^» -^jii (^ ^lA'i *^1 t* ^i ( -l^*y <-ljJb>- 
(jAJ_j .(^Jl jj-iJ J (J^UaaJI J-iJj •(^>J'j Oj;_j (-.-vsliS' Ljijassi Jp. j»^o-j 

*>. l^VSL. ^-U»j Ijj Uydl j—s-lj jjJ^I Jp ^Ip o^" 1 «iJJi ^ ^-Wl 
U l^u>i aJ (^^j OlSi c ( __ r -Vi iiJJL« apU? J[ U- j<ujjd,l w-sA^-l^ tA^Jii,! L*l 

.aIT ^^1 Jp sAi^l Jy-.l ot Ji caj <Upj 

.SjjSL-* ^> ^ (4) 
108 



^f- cjUol^ ij*ijt jU«-il SAP 5jliJl11 v^ j£ ( jd\ jl^Vl (jyj IjO nSj>-\ 
jUwiMi Jp U^-jy .LjjU JU-I «dp y> U Ji* 5JLj4-1 aSTjaJI f-ljjl mjh- \^ 
Xj-jJ § .l^*^t>- j&J r-L>-jJl j^^ixj <0j->- (tf*-^ ■ i _J"-"l ^^ J-*-^ *ft^' J[) J 
^ XOp jXj cl^iS" bj l Jatu \^iS~ ISjaJil ^ jyojJl jU^il ^ ylj IL^S"- 
ojjUil OXll J,[ 0!)U^i A-*-iJl^ J~-*Jl //> j& \^ rj*z~-i J^Jt \£fe- 
^ Xjl ^ Jiia>-I li} 4->L ^ %^i Ai*^ clJb^ 4J *~>yy l$JL~p .U^«J 

.( 6 )^£LJI k-Jl^i Ji* jL^ ic«. 

ljX«y OlSwi *-* i^lj 5)1^- *J>j ipjyjJjj A-fr>j£ s-L^-l Ol>— Jl da** 

5-JUiL OjJUj clf*J C-jjJI^ £*-iJlj J— oJi OjLj£ cUp- t,j^Vj 't/'^j 
Vj*sft! iS/^ *LJ"3 '**£iM ^ OlPjisA* £• Cjj^-[j lOU&lj t<J>^aJl -y. 
o%JI 3;>Ip Jp l^iT t ^jjx i cJ%jh- c~-bXj s.Lj .aaWI ^A ^I^L 

JUullj . JU-I aX» O^L- yLo l^jj li^ jjjj-P l^-J JU^N -t>*J>W9J 

ls^U^^ 0^-*^ i«**"*y 3I»V*-Jlj s-U-j^l UjU ^>X Oj-p SX^ l^ <utf 

^ j^\ ^-^x-o ii~>- t^xll fUI ^m\} XyS Jp XiC tAf- oj£j ^1 

J ^^J SftivaJl 3LA11I ^ S^T OUiai Ua.1 iJbhj ■^ L |^ ji«^^ T^il 

U OjSCk ol^LJI c/ ^ 01 ^&- life ^J.\j ^\ [f; Jbfji ^Jl JU-I ax* 

^Ml (j^Jl X^j tOftiyaJl 4-ilil ^ ^-Ij <jJl (jvuj j\ (jy^* Jp y^j 

M W o-JI^ ^1 Oli 1^1, .1^. ^iJl ^ JT oJI jfrS j\ jijte 



J* 1 * Jj*> ^ 'Oljjll ^-J-l -.UT ^ j^i-wdl, «v_-irU,l» Asij U ^>iJI J^l J c-tf" (5) 

((»^i.) . jSLJl i_Jl» Ji« UL. j^^j (6) 



109 



pj\ dys-ji ji&\ *-t\je>)S 0)\l^ J$~J1 djl/k ^JUi ^ji -ui^y jf- 

j>j iibb CJS" .£j-2J' ^r^r ^ 1^^ jjjjl iOU^I ^Jb* 5,Liou-l Oji 

* * s •' J \ " 

4(»jbJLp ^_jW-MI d\>~*\ Oj-^ cOjjJl^* f\>y^» OlxwJl jNyk 

viJJi d^UjL ~^[ <^^2j .U-i ~r* [jJJaj Oi Oji iiw*?- c/&»U>« ^jUUy 

Ji^V OlSL- obUj l^j-i ^ ^1 ^^1 <-l>bUj s-Ua^Aij caJLJI 4*-^! 

fyz ^J ,yj cf-t^j j^£ pr^ c<l)l£~Jl j^ oJl ^- **&j 4^-4* ^} 
JaI fc—"^* ^3 **-** ^f***^»l cOjio AjU-w^i 4 - (jl^?- *-^aJ *0*V> ^-i-A* 

iJU ^£5 tU*. o^j <jjpM JL>- A«a5j cji-kji Jj^l J J^r Jp i%Ji 
If: -k-£ .J^Jl i^| IftjU j-k»*~i} J)I*a4-1 J~$> ^a» a*J l^ U-i <jy* oJLp 



.*JU-l Ud»* ^ U-U jip *->• (7) 
.SjjSL-* (9) 



110 



ULski 4*-J J*^ l^«j t jJUil IJjh i=[-Ui juL^la o-lPj JUJb- ^j>C^ JLM 
i£J}\ (10)^^14-1 OJUr ^ J,j oJdl oJU J ^^ If .4AT ^'| ^ 5»yu* 

t-i^arf-l y^V -jjJUl (H)iiLJI ijJiil Jl£, ijjdl oJu -^1 

fb L. tOUN SjUju-I jj^ Uui J*ij j£, ^. ^i ^SU- c^ ^1 ol^u- 

iiOil ,j^ Cjh~*j j^ -^4 J* '^ e^j o^w? Jp iioil *i7 
p^^O j^-if* itUy^ OlSwJl .ixJl <was£ j\P If^O cJ^iJl oLf I J iiLJl 

•p-rbsf- *s^ (•-* L* j-^aj sLjpI y-J 

JjM ^Syt (J ijSt* 4jU-^-j <jJl j^ Ojjl jv^aJ iCOi ijJL. Jb 

'-^ £j/j j!t-' V. ±j- -p£& u-^I JL*- j» J*\^> J^ Jp ^l. 

.OUUiJI ja jjjjjl Ipi ^y cc^jJl^ ^^l ^u; ^..^ 4 ~l ijip j i^- 
*^ JI <£■>!? ^J ^H" 1 i>* Sj^f^ Jj 1 ^ o^ ^/-J ujJL-y jJU>- lga;?.<J 

•^■y ^r*" !*£" ^*- W* ^ 'tir^ 1 ***■ o* -^ (>• c*v -^ J* 
jkLJJ U^^jj U^yi^ ^1 hfjji jd\j ^1 j£g cjjLJI ^Ji^ 



111 



^ aJuTc^)^^ — . ^ jj^j iibh ^ t( ^.| 0JL , ^jj^i Li* ^ ^J 
J l^ ci^^L*,^, JL^-I ^^^i LJ>j .^U-iJl ^ <£j>-\ isj 5JLp «u» i{»ja3I 

^ ^jJjJI OjSJLjCj iJ^JujI ^j&^i tOU>«Ji *^>J SU^- *jhj 'i*-^ ji*^* <uSwo 

o^*x)l ^Lilil ^ l^' bJLP Ol^wJl l_— s^y tjyciJI r^ i^S l }sjo l^^J 

.Ol5wJL» iUI t^i 5J* /^v^ to^j*— « SjlIj Nj AijJi* -US' .U4-I (J (j-J 

o^jJLiJl J^l 5;jPj tyijj i^J>\ o&SS' ^-^i oi,b CJfc" OJj J*>UI <lN dJJi 

djySj 4*->- ^a LjJLj^j ^ *i\J\ Afji *&[ Jl ilbb ja iiLJjj .MiJkJl *li« 
5^1 ^a ^S" ip,i ^1 iJ5j C-j)5 J^rj ^^4-' ^ *ir*^ ^ -^**^» 

•J*jy «yj o^'j '.J^ 1 ^j^ (12) 

•(|^r*) ( 87 ur* u, J 170 : 1 ciJ^ 1 **M '1^*1 
112 



jip c^Jl ^ j* aj^ caJ Aiy>-jJj ( -*lJLaJl jjxi c«)_j$s—a <c\liN U>1» 0»5sj 
■V>*M J" J^ ^ jh^Jl ^rlWl s^ Nl LJUy ^ Jy^lj 

UJI **a 0^3 tjLr ^ ^1 ^Aj ^ b\U ^.jJI ^ Jjy, j^J| JL* ^5U 
JULiJl JIT i5L> i^U. j^ ^kj ,jS\j> Jp .ju^Jl J^l Ud^ ^tt 
L-^i ^j tU^V iUi .aT*5U v t «^ 5pjjj ^jj j^I juj ,uj ii»Jb- ^JUI 
^UJ« 0U*cs«uj sSjI^aj jLjl^o I; If cSLjaJI ^ Jl L^Jlj uyi 
•Ar*^ u^ ^ 2^% r^^ "-*ij^' L^jUp cJ*>«i jiT ^Ij 

JU, j* jrf, t^j^U J| ^- l^ cJJJ ^ JUl JLa J Jail 

Jl" Ujj ifcjl £*s l^ ^^i^j \ ciji^i sojjLi ^*>Ul oi c^ t LJ 
*\**r &* a* ^^ jA O^ <Ijl ^ *M» ^ ^W^il .j^\ ja j&l 
^J <(I5) y' 1 ^ V^ Wl J -^-ji I* ^1 £»" J^l cr* ^ J^ 
W Ji ^ J^ 1 j-^-a. JJUU tcjCJlT- v>" ^>j j^l 01 ^-ji Jl £Jj 

iji^ Sljai* ^yutf ^j^ J ^jjj tlpjl J^t 01 JJ lJUs- .Jii^ 01 JUj 

.SySL-* jclii ^ ^ <^j3i (14) 
.^r~* ( 15 > 



113 



(*rl J>- t^rii U* J> Jp S/& J^Jl jb-jij .(16)^)1 daft t jt^aJl 
.jj^-^-iJI 0,1^ ^* Ijj^piaij 01 Op t^-l^i »Ap 4»L~« 4JLI9 <JL^ Ojjwj 

^j~i3 'V^ 1 -^ i^s»«a> cl-Jlj c^L^ftl yjJb ol,iJl y^ OlSLJl 

r _ji!l ^5* J?\j* Sjg- <_jUftl ^ ^ iJLAj t L'b o^l o1>U 

fj*i ^ cC?)^^! ^ ^ cLJj LjLy JtSI jSL-j cSpjJb SjUdt 

Oj^Uj li^l^ i^p Oy^o (^Ixf. ^JJl ^\l tJ ^ SjU^ ^ JUJUJI 

*>i oS/ t jl-sji a^ o* v i ^o-A tC ^' J*- J^ 1 ,Jla ^1* 
'vj>' tt-1^-1 Jr4-^U* o[ j^-jjii Jy, .^a 4T «.i^wJi Jp jkii 

Oj f.^ 1 b/^^-J' «& c^l>l ^ ^ ^1 Jp OjJb-^il Jy^l U-Up 
jl Oji c^ JT J,^ LtdiAJ ^adLl >_«,**» 4^1 Jup fUl > UJLp Jp 

\+*ks v . i^u >** £* ^\ ,_,*)/% c jujij t jpiii ^ i^r bjic jjli 

J-*£ i^AJl O^Jl y^ ^L£. 4T J^-1 ^ ^jU-i \ju .ip^i Sj 5 yj| 
^y> Ajlxi, (jiJI jyciJl ^ a^ ^UJlS^ ^jj .Lo-y Jl «CoJ j^ A^T 
J~U SjjP-j i_^j ijl^l ^ ihjt, iJu. I^ilp juJ .^jllp gjd\ ojjui c^iil 

.aJu^> Jp y^u-i ot Ai. ftii^u ijJu^-i j^i tjij^Mj V .ju-Ji jikji 

*4A— *J Oi^Lj A\ji<« jjjJl C^iU-iJl ^ ofoA Ojy^a fA->J t^» J Oj^-Aj 

<-^' i tj* S -^ , J^ 1 'W Olx^UaJ OU-P JJ-I J ^jJ .OUaiftl jl ^U 
fl J OWl, ^ i^Vl Ott/at OIJJJI ,jij~Ji ]jr ^^i ^-r>- t^— > /o 

OLpJj OLaxL, U^x^pj tOjLJ o^>- Jp U^ Jb^lj JT ^--woj .^jl 

js~=y Uat jj i|/ L,L— I j ^^»^ (16) 
.3f~~~> y>; 4-aJ-I j-jjjjl ^_»j 4^ Jij ^jji jiSU.\ (i7) 

114 



jyu— J[) <\r*^ ^«/» ail 

Oj£j tiJJiil UJJaJl JJ-l ^U-i j^ JjjP 3JLP r-yi tj^l i>* ^J 
fLtJl j^plp Joj jjJJI ^4-1 ^-^ oi[ji J$ 4£jy JbM ojjh «^ <d *-£=£ 



•^ ^ (18) 



115 



Ojiu^> ja (^^J 'tS^ j£ UU\ U^S~\j i^ijj dJLfc jcvilSI ^>-l IJuk 

*Li j> j>y. JL^-I Ol£~- .*Li-\ aJUI^ cOUkiiij ^-^^ £-*-iN js^ **]» 

JU*)I gplj JLP- ^Nl U» lu, .SjjUM ^liS/l Jl OjU^. i^-jU uJjVT iu-J 
wiJt. 4£i .oyjl OU* 4i ^isL Llj JUJJI eUl ^ o^i \«! ijs*&l 

jpiiNl Ijjfc . jj^jl ^ ^1 i-l—*^ /»*-Jl l3 W^aj Ol di iL-^U *\15[ ^c- 5JK":> 

OK" .^U iJjli UjL" cjyi ,_ya*j OK" 01 jy Ail j!j <.J^]/> *&* ^ *}*>• 
11 ^ tikis' vsWl ^Uuj^* Jp oi^"~* !^K" Ujl* 4J^JLc ^ y> 
ja iJp <ip JjS-I (2) c rS"ir'*J o"^ l: ^ jJ ^l»l'^jj ^j^l^l C-^iil 
OK} cOall j^aI l^b^-J ^-li *yi ^Ip})^ <^>]l IjUpUjlk^Jl q^L~:U 
JlyJb <uiU .jtUll o-U Jp tliyJI ^JU; UJL* ^^l. J \iLf ^1 
^y. Ol -Uj jo^t I A* -uJLi tji^p ^jlj 'j^Lp O^ oJL bj tjUa*il) <-,jh^ 

Oy$l J^i5i 

•> u ^J j^j ^ c 1 ) 
•o-^j ^ f < 2 > 

.1544 i- (3) 

.OjJ fj5! wJj^l fJ JI J (4) 

((^^.(S.^ C UV ^JA» W /»J» J -.-^ (5) 
116 



oJL*- ^J/j cL5/ J^ i^bj ^ ^-^ <^ 1 £^ "-V^ 1 J ^Ir^y 
aL.U* OlSLJt J^Usy 'j^l>Jl ^fr Cr 4 j^ 1 **W «j* V^ -^yi 

c-^il 01 JL>j • l5 ^5^ 1 a"f~^ <il -^ p*-*^ OlS' L*^ ',j^ i/* "^ 

ti.UI ^\h\ ja I^pj OJdl £. tjnsli^ ftUSI ftL-yi j,jbl jl? c^jj 

Jl oJii ^£3 toJlA If^Ur- j^j tl^i»o jy^- Oij .U*)ta>-1 ^ \j&J 

oUJi t4jL«..^j il i^aj AyiJl Ai^iJl cJL»c>- i*>J-\ OLi (J 0^3,* Jl C-«^»JLil 

(Jaff-Jj t^JIJS ^Uj tjyl^iii eU, ^ <JL~>- £• t^jli ^iJI j^Jl J-^jU 

Jl ^-\ ^> j^j ILj <rr \jt*cL 01 v^ 1 o" u-J U ^ *hN -Z*^ 

Ja*j Oj^l^l U> cJJUaj' tCJjJl klJJJLJ w-y^-l oNL j^jljjil S^Laj 4<>jaj 
t^jli 4jL*~»J£ j»jkjJL^li ( 7 ) (V ^jUL>- j* -h]/^ tiJLii JL«u lyb^i*-! >r Cijll 

o^ -ou^ 1 cf j& , ^*j '^^ j**-i wyi J>f-J' J (ji^»^ !^*j 
^LlP 1 o^ -u -1 * ^ or-^^- ^j pf-*'< !>Wj jau*u v^ 1 **j-^i 

(n7 5lp tlJb>- l^ay- OK" ^JDl ^AJll ^ JjX*-l^ 5jl>JLLI Jl l^-i UJUj 

c-»c>yu-l» t<flapt jl <oUwt <_y* ^ L*i (9)._jL^I jl> 5;Ip ftUJt Ja» 4jl 
£r* l^iT OlSL^Jl ^U d)l A*y .f-li^Jl J^p J| 1^. C^aJ2>-\j <\ftf>~ oJdl 

.(io) fr iiyuJl 
•>■ x r* < 7 ) 

(l^t-ji.) .183—178 : 1 tU$il tA*j .OlCJl Jl^l tli^-l 

•A J" (9) 

■J^- o-r j*j (10) 

117 



OjJ\iJij Jo-\J\ J.^iH 

JU-j 4jJ-lj j>J*-\i OU-i** Olyi Ol;j^ <J J*~4 j-^- ^>4-l V"-k J^ 1 ^>J 

AWi>- IjASO tojj^*^ oJd! 0-*Jj .7-j^>- ^ j_^ai3^i« v*^J 'j^^J 
.o^Jl SjjPj ^P y^as iiL>\*2z*A\ ^-~~~» IpSl 4>iJll J^- j&V ^ 'U**y? 
• AXjUJ- yio U Jp Ui r-^J <U*S t_j tj*^ J->" j^aii^ Jp t-*^ 

i-t^j | _ r i/l ^ t**, jl alj cjJLJl y> (13)^1* iUl ^Ul*. 01 Ol£jl JyL 
jr jJl Uaj -ctJLli ^ fJ*l jJl 01 Jp Jjb" iufli cJl; U ^1 jl^-SlI ^ 
JL^jy . L^- 1 j\ ^k^j i*JaP ILiS N[ j4*J&\ jl*a>- ^-^ M <Z~£ *Sj} 
j\JL>- ji j-za'aW i~J*)\ ^j&. *JU»J i— »^W ^ S*ULl 4j> ^ ^1 ^j> 

^LSsJj 44_#>- 4_>J •_» AAyflJ LptJ^o Ail i>-j-U j-bxi* TTy-r' U_ftj I ._-^*J> 

iiiJ&\) T oJai\ Jai^ -ko> $la>- jS/ fjjJlil Jp ^tfZ <uS0 .(jj ^ 4j\sJ> 
^LJ\j tiiJi ijip *rJi^ cJ& Ojj Oyjl^ ^5 j^rl .aJ)p ^^io #.LJl 0^ 



.l^L-J ^.JJI jlfi\ jh-U aJU-J | y k -J (12) 

•y^yi ^» (13) 



118 



Jp y^l L.JL^ ^-li viJLL. iyws- j^J i^Vl OX. jJL. j* j&\ 5x*w.j 
1*JLpj .AplkJl^ p j-^-l Jp *jfc^*pjl ^y*- IXJui \p^ OlSwJL lj^>L* tOjiJ 
^b. yb-1 01 Jl> tJ £J i^li iJ> «W- ^ Ojllji U yiT ftliyJI >* 
i^jdl oJi* Jp £U-M jsL-yi j£ yjU- i^-li A^JLr Jl ^^1 c-*^ 

y*. ^ ju-^ ^^ ^ ^bt^i l^u* j^ 04>j^u t ^ii j wyi 

O^oJu: ,Jtsflij by?Ui tv^l ^ ^-jU «_»Ml ^ip ^ *Asii i<u-r- 
Li* iJb-lj j*-y£l Jai-1 01 JUy .cJi If *lil (/ *^ c^Jl £jJ> oW^ 
Jp 4*Pjf 01 Ji ojaj *J (^JL^a; J*l*Jl ^^3 tj»UJl jy^Alj ^»l <Sj^p 

^s- ^uiij %-ni jo ^ j^i ^ i^r Ijp is>" W- v^^ 1 

jU^I Uu^iJl jf\ <**> t^-li J-Uu pJS Li J-^j ft b*Ni oIa ^j .^u^JI 
JJJ3 Xuj .S>£f J ^^ £• o^>- ^ L~~* ISjfc S>^V Jl s-*— '!* 
J^j ,>*> a* ^> JI c>^ "^ Nj>b " & ^ ^ *** '^ 

aJp j* If uJm^iU U*i>U>- ^^'1 £r^ 7^s»li <■*<■"* fjJl <J 5Jb-j ^a* 
LU« 3JL?r- i^t*5l Li 0»*waj jLipI oJiil oJLa Olx~< .^jJl j>- JU-I 

jb yu ^ xji i^aii jj .j^V_> ^-u Ji J** 1 iiJis~» ^— J c&^i 

0>\^ ^Ul J-^iJI 

o\£-\ <J aajUJI •-• /«-^b^ 5j^ Xu Jp «jj cii^^ L^SJ Sjyu/' oJL* 
.Uj«^-I ^jJdl -jh Si^va^ iLi ^ i*jUl Jjhl 0} 0^,^11 JjAj (. l6 )J)j53\ 
~J> Oj t5i-o- 5JL»U-« OjL»Ui» t *L^p\ OjJ^l* fji l^Swoj 'J*sr *«i Jp »aT 

1543 i- (14) 

_>ll;l-. ' i_-J^]l ij^Jl j V.JS' (15) 

ui*j >"' V ^' -"-J- 1 J !/i ii;-^ ^ "5L. 40 Ji~ > V-l vlr 11 !) -JW-* »r* : oy -^ (16) 

(_ f^-^ ) -96 Ji-UV, 184 : 1 iU>l 



119 



\? iAi*f A.ji ^»lj (jj|;j OyCU^iJ} n— *j-^aM (J A***l_j 5jW«-i Ol>«— Jl /»4iL .SJLsM 

^iJl ,j-lj Jp i*>Ui ^P **Uj OK" ^JJI OlSLJl Jb-t aJjIi; J->«; li^Ul 
A)a^lj! 4_~~- tSjiJIj aJp s-UiiJl xja-.-j N Ail <_£lj UJUP CtULU.1 ^£j .^,-jli 

.^Nl OJL. ^SL- £* ^^a^U APliJ uLoc*-j «i^- Cl'*)0 J i i»ij Jj 

O^lj JjliJI J^Ull 

ti*^~J AjLc*}^ j^ «-s<ai .J^»Lil oJL» 0-L« yL-*^ Oi^*-s<X« iJLJ Jl^ 4~w**l 

•^ t*-^^ **(;l 4jLL-JI <uj«U.I« --^aJ-i iJL* ^ • < ~ ?r^"J °Vi) Jj**** 9 4az&> 

JjlJbf- a3jSw« cAjji ^ (J l^AS' C--./3J tOj-P oJlP AijJd.1 (j J^ryj 

•jA j£S L^j JjJLuoj ^IJLs- l^.d;;.SJj twjU-SJIj J^xJI oJL* (Ji—J '^i?^ 

j!AJI ON tJ^Jl j oJ-l r^iJIj 4 Jj4-l J ijji jyuiJl ju^4j .Oyo^l y»wi 
L*JL-ju-i« oLiv» oJLp (t->>^~ Ol Aim Ol>— Jl aJLsS h* - r ^ iy 3 ^* - '■"' ^ l — s '° 

.^flj^iJLl l^sii>*i 0^1 jjp k_Jlp 01 ^1 ^li villi 



^Ayi a-ji (17) 
.1510 '*- (18) 



120 



* * i ■ 

jl »-U, jl -objL; jjii^JL^ Lib Oj^wy *«^Lr' Ojp«Aj *-^*' f^/* - '*£ H3 
toULuJI (J £*j LU j^ JL^i Ij^JU a5j .U-U- OlSw< Ji* <--^~- jl _/^U>- 

<S}j>\ dji^ju rJiJl (J lylT .4PJ# I^jLjuI-o jJl AjJUil jP %jai 
J tt-s;^ ( ,H«.' -jP 1^,s<2«j OftjusAJl |«-»3li* -APui ./t^-)^- A>» Ujb Ojj^b^Xy 

jy^ OjilSo V ul^ l^ »iiiL^4 ji Ijlsj- jPj J-4-lj .OlSLsiJ ^wdfJI 

^ jjiT :Opj t^jli ^i)L ^A^aS toji; O^li JUL- Jtfli Ip lij . j-UJl 
ojlist-t Uii t^Uoil JL>-I wjjj Ll;*^ <J l^jvaJ Jj*-*-^ UJLP *^>J taLiJJ 

jjJOol JaJL*j VjiaAJ jIp (1 g.,?a«> v-.J.a:.j JbM ijurjjdl jfj *JLidl l^JaX^ 

t Jjil ^l>- j»\jj\ (JjJI\ Ja*- jKj .4-UiP UJLC <uU-j Jp Jb'UJl y \^ 

(20)^, lj ,j*JLL. JMp £. l^sjliJ >r .ljL^a>- Sjl^Jl ^ jn 1 ^" i/^ ^^ 
Jl ftlifiJl fjXaj yc- L.JLP ^CJLSJI j^^p- Ji l^ilpj tjss^fl IJLa iJJ>- t^UI 
M /t^3 .cJ!>LiJj Ap,i i/*^*i cj^ j^i^iJ l^a*-J 01 JUj ^a ( ,.^,w,.^>-I (1)1 



■£>W (19) 
.jlWl j* (20) 



121 



O^lj ^UM {J M\ 



f - 



SAjJLi i^Jjj t<J ob J-*- Jl (21)_^L| i^. i\!Sj fti\ Jp JJall j*£Jl 

't^lA 1 O* ^ ^' u^ Cr* Vj^ j*-^ 1 ^Cr* ^ 4 <^"i U b 
^li IJSsJbj .o^wa3lj o^J^ 4-iill 0\*iaS ^« l^T bJlP Oj~~£j /»^M 

Ol£/« (j 0}^~JL>} C*J>U]i»J} jt^jL^J iJ^H a *^* J^ *AS v^LysoJl ^J^i 

.jJUiT ^Ul ( ^ e -l t = l^j ckSi 4-itil ^srV N 
'^tl^lp ^rl f*j i^j ^ OU^io ^X Jp £^1 ^> ^ 

UhjyiJ^ (»-plp Jj^ J^j • Oa^j^ SJIpLj: -jb^Jipl o],* 5ap \yX^e> p{\ 
yij Uj io^ Up, os^ dJJi J^> W***^1j ccJ^*>fc <*»j Jjl ^ Jl*4 

.UU- ^J- «^JJI -u^l ^ Oy^^" 

AJ CJtf" j&\ iCJu&\ <3!jji JbJlij i^ilS 

^aij j^JJl (22)0L^ol J-*- <_£^>-l 4^>- ^j tO]/M J-*- ij^- ^» <L&jj 
a)^1s» Jbjj.Uj^ jl ^'VjJ a*jWI apJJ Jj4~- ^ysr ftA^j t( 23 ) < j-U A^Jbf ^ 
ciLfP oJL« ,_/»Ia5I a*^pl j j^i) c -ry^' J»l <4A" t>* ^**-0* U^*^ (J 15, 



■W ^b 1 ** , - > J Lt ~' > (21) 

OljJ : i-w>!( i^->Jl 4 ^ (22) 

JyJl Jl V >J1 if (23) 



122 



Vb '^JL^ J**- ^ Iri ^*? Jj*i -l-ir!- ^j^ ^j» '-'i/*- b» f^ 1 
yjr* j \**yry '«-*-* ^ ^r 1 J^i ft**"* J*£ <^ ^ '^J i-UI>w 

i/*J 'c/ ^ J*" tj gy-V *^ Wa» J*£ N 4jN c Jjdait j^^CJ ctJLSob 

V*f- ^Jl ,^-^JJa* Jj,jj <f •** cfi ' (2 V_r" <^i J l»U*y ^Jl 

^Jl tjr^UJaS jj* jStl i\jil f± ^-J ftL.jj ^ Jj-I IJLa jlSL- 

^ t Sup Nj ^ o^, ^ tJ ur ^^ ^i t ju.i oju. j ^i 

!v ^b ^M °^ p jn^ -^1 ^ji ^' ^J^j 'l**^i v_juAl ^ OjJjlhs, 
015L. jSSl^lajV^j Ob, ol^ii c>dl oUJ ft LJl .^^L. ^ 
OjJIfc U ^1 If c^U o^SU jjJLli LIp, LJb I^IT .Ls^-y L^IT U^l 



(l^rr*) ^-j-h iji^'j ^j-^ f-^1 i^'-W' ^ J^ (jS-tf Olsy iJL* (24) 



123 



£>yi ^w3i 



tl5^1J -Ut-yi 4-^1 LiUaj^ ^ jWl p-jtfl ^U A^Lf Jtf 

tijS. oJAj .^bj Jjlft ^1 ^ ^ ^Jl ft ^ jjLJl ^1 jp AJUliy 

l>.i ^ ^ji (2)(a^) rJ /- 1^ i^u-j tfJ p Vr ^ «j^i» ft j,tsji 






<UP 



•W^ j' (2) 



125 



j\ Jcs- (J^j t»_-yj\ i-j-li ^y jjvli A^iiT dUI ^a»\ J* f^"^} '■** 

.Ja>l olf I d 3j^> ^ jA Slir-j ljJ^\ JjLL&l J^ iypr *±£ .^J\j 
Oj^ a^pj ijtyij gil Jl «^JI *l ^ U^^i Ojj*# s-J^UJl JjW 
VA? 1 ^Js>j\ i£y* C— J i>-L-dl oJLa JS" .(iJlJi ^ ^Sl UL>-^ tUx^ 
A^i jl ijJLt Oyujl jjP Jb}j l« *waJ tlfiS' yjjJl i*)^ 5^/b) /C-Xiil <_$ C-Jfc" 
l^>-j .i^Uii O^JJ^^ V"^* (J *)j^-^ / * Vi ^-"s^ 'Ol*>w Oyjl^- fji l^JaSj 
gjJlJl (4>3U)aJ\ JL^I *UJb^ 5^v C^ CJ^ \Jk 1(3)^1^1 li^L. ^U 

■^jJlJI '(f-J^ Axbf »-j]^l (_/**■& JJ>&*^ V>**i ^i*^ ^l 01 (_J,^ C<Lu* 

3;Ljj j**^yj Ifi* ^ >4 ^^ f .(6)^^11 ^£>. jy» Uj^L. 
&y^l dJJi -^j •r*-^^* "^y ^ rf^ ^y*^ ,/M oUjl>«JU s.]^- te^lyfcj 
Ji* ^UA oy^y. ^ (7)4jjUiJl ^jj ^J\ JJUJI oJuh viiL. ^ ^j 

iijUil c^jl^I J ~{\ Ji .still ^ jJuJl 11* <_iU^I a^Jj ^-jU i_jS\ 
\y€~ (jJS\ C 8 )^!* ifJUU yxpj *-^l -x^» tH Sfl-S' a*^*p ^iil 't/^ i)j4&^ 

liiL* jlpjj toy^> Jj^ jp u^p oljj j^- jp y?Uj ^ <^l tAjyjbi 

4jlf*l I^IS" ^JaJ ^^ ^7^ji|j aL>- ,y»^ ^i"J ^ **' ^1 <Te-^ (_r^-i a - ^ 
•|^fL>- c3 y*£^i 01 aS3*11 j yj^T ,.. ) fl jj^-^I 0^ liL-yi oi^ ^jaj 
jJL CJlT ^1 iVyil vi/^ ^ ,>* JL**il dJUi Jul- pill <N> Ja^l Ji*j 

.35 J^iJl «^wi v^'(5) 

.^V, SyVi ^1 OJUujJl ^-i (7) 



126 



JL> M^jl tgr* 1 -."■" *; Ojij****i |y^ ^' *l5*^ fW*" j j« ■ / » " ■»» J i Oli t^UJaij 
uJ""HJ 'ur^J <^*£ cfi^ u** r 8 ^ -*rVty ^J 1 *^ 1 cr* r^J-*^ 

i3^b f"!)*^ ^ V*-^i 'j*^ <Ji**% y^l) **aiJlj i^JbJJl j^ SJLOP J^ 
JuS l^. j^af jt Ol£»Nly Ctoi-ljilj V^«^ i*ftU 4~/*>- ^^U 1 

^ J8I J Lilllj Ji-I j^-o J^U j (9)S\T iiUj .-t^l-j: Ja^ L. 
l^t> li^iU SftJLv? iJLu* Kj*"^ ^i (j^ -^ji A^ ***** jl A* (<?jI 

c£JJ»Jl J aJp cjIT I* ^^Jij 01 LJ^L *i/j mUi *^ijl j^/^h L^ *& d)L« 5jI 

&JL ».,)! 
£4211 J ^ 14* S4plS CJlT ^1 '(10)JUI jl Uif 

_ SjjiJI jJdl diL" t^Jb-} *4^a*j l^ j*^ .Uwy y^ ^^ J»yi ^j 

.(loT) .v^» j* (9) 

' .Ujt ji (io) 

.OUlrJl Jl l^-^^b p+iv* frl (11) 



127 



^fj> ^r>~ lSj>-\ *4*r J* <Sj&\ J>f~^ <-H?r <j* >xJ* .W*i^ ^^ 
v_»*~*o oJas>^A 5j-Uju #.bJl i*>>w« j<CJLiJl (J LUIS' lf4 J^*y .SJbJLp OU^S 

4~*U;j j^LlI ^ly ^3 .*UJl 0^4-Jb" JIaj ^kJSMI IJL* J oJUj JupI (^iJl JL>-^11 

IpH L-jl JkutfJl dJUU _^-Jjiil 0} ^>- ops' Ol»">W \^ lyJL?-lj tllp^^Jkl 

ly Vi b J J"i ^J ^^ !£/ uT^ d^ 1 J>^ 1 |jA*Ul3l VCJl^aJl C& 
llf,! AxiS JLj-iJ <Jp ^i>P *u*j£-j 4jU^w« 4 -j ^1 flp JUj^JI cLAL* £p. 05j 

(jl 40£>-jI o«1a #.Lj (_j jUii»i^ lylS U.JLP ( jSo i5jj**il jf jjp l^>-^ 

vUlill J-^OJI 
(Jsaj oJlj U* tJsLyl* Lijl ,jo jfcsAiil «._J*iw >.$,■ .... * 1 ^y»-stf AijJL* 

e. 

jt^li ^ r^i t_i*aj Jju Jp J-«V ^^^ (J *JU .C)L*15 aIjU l^->lljl 
Jp ^jtj^JUi a1*£ cS-iJIj t Jjj-l ^l-^l 4 -*-~i c£*^ J^~ <-^U-> (J^ cJa-tf^l 

5JLP l^ ^gpy CJlS} io^j £*JiJl ij^-jJ to^T 5,1^ iiU* CJlS" .(1 4 )J^1» 
•^ J»yi J| jlCJl y JLij .Lbs- U 5Ms* (>^y ciUi^ ^ ^^a* 
cJlj U .JaB Ipil Iji^u jij lUit Jp 5,U1I JUujJI dlU ^i Ujlp ^Ul 

.CUll ^ .^....ft'.l \y~£. C)t Oj^: ^ j^S/ <Uj 

.1468 Si- (12) 

•W*»r c« of J jj- j. (i3) 

•^j-W o* -^i^ 0- ^ V^ ^>i (14) 
128 



4£-\Ju)\ jp*J* y>j .OlSjl yr«-i ^ ifiS" oblp 1^>-_j c^t>Lil i^-jy* <Jj* 

Olil^?- 9\y\ f-j*?J ^J^/l l^ ,_rW '**rS~ J^-st 1$jLs>J} ci*-jlaP 
dUll JL. Jf (cii^J (Ul ^LsrNl SiA oJLil Jl Jai SjUjJI JUJ (i .(15)JL sA Jl 

i^JL. <~^Jl 4^ C' 6 )^ git ^ *-"■*• l? '-^ ^J*^ <> £* 

jlj _ illll JLp Jy s — ^ _ Jr ^dl Vj i^ ^ I ^11 ij^\ U,J\ 

iuJdl oJLl (I7«jj|^il ULH ^JUl j^il JL* Jl l^y,l7 y ,,-.;.. . g ■>-. OIT 

oxi 01 c~^ tUL-l Jl l*JL^ Jl J^M Jl Vj il dj£i j^ J^\ 

JV c*J i^ j£j (i Jwiil j 4*iljJl 4~~o «*ttj ONj .If* list- 4JU (ji^ir* 

jIop I 131 j^jSl) tLiL-l vjlp- l$ jhjU-s-j! OlT ^Jdl *~>)/^\ {\2a 



•f yJ^-b 'JVb 'u^j 11 >j Ojpjli js* (15) 

jor-lj .jj-i ^ jl 1U y Lajl ^Oj jri\ J JUai y>j .J^-UI j I^Ia jle- U&» ] ...jjfi-l jl i">U jt (16) 

((^-,1.) itJiJl -5U J">kki ,^U«; jjc-l ,j«u ili>M 
^ _ Jli (f _ ^j IJA ^u ^jjjll yi jLii ^1 (Sjbjill i^ai) ^.li (^Jl yj^il i(Jb-jll i^aill illi* (17) 



129 



^U J*p ja l/tfj c<5jJl A 3Ul) liXjib ^1 w^j|^ (^kil) jtfy 

jl jXT ^JL j^-Vl £ jX ^ £*-jl 0l~>- 4**j*9 *- jX 0(T d\j ub-\j 

VI J^J -^^ Jl 1>U, ^ ^jsr Jl Lbj. L. 0L«> ^ojt v X^aj 
u*>* ^u J* o^ — J» V-* Ojii^i ^ i<i9)lfiT LLjiL 4*.^* Jet 

a* u-^l a* ^ Ua ^* ^^j 'jnJ^ «3Uj*^L JiSj, iftl^uJIj jUsJl^ 
^ l^ ^ jK} t Li>» jx Ja-I ^ c^^t V? Ssf-ji J| t ol^M ^ 
>Jlj jlA'l ft U jt Uj ->L ii ^ Jl J_^\ olJb 

u* sU- jy» tj ^^ / j ojdi oiii .j^^aJij jbt-uiij toU-LJi jt 

iiA'l ^j-lyVl C~Jst>- Oil . jlSLJI jj. Nl Ij-j jj 1 tjjC^I OX. oX> 
J .Oy^ Aj\f- ^ Xjl CA'l ^ X*-jj ^j .jj^aij X*-L~* 5JLP Cj^Oj t^SJllI 
.jJU-'j u-Jijj Jl ^ U JT Jj^ oij .(5^iill) ^aiJl ^5 ft L*.f y^j 

'y^ 1 tJLr 5, ^l^ 1 ^W 1 Jl ^J^J -^^ ^M 1 ^M 1 ^ AyUJl ^UU. 

\^\ji i^alJl J aj^L-^ vU- o^ ^ ftfl Jij .iLJM ^JS £~>- 
V ly^J tfr^U. (yjt* Ljll^l^ f-liJjl jS^ JLvoaJl oJUhj .oAil J4W 
J^i *^All jiL*. iw . jl^-Tifl ^lJUjSf viwdl JLs* iLi J^ju" ot «J|.?-V 
c^U ^^^J e^l oX jyjl A^r Jl ^j t ^Jl J^ J* JpSlI J ^> 

(j-^LJl J.^all 
C"> ^-^ *^ > 'djj Jjf"<^ J? CS^I 3ji^ ijJL. ^iU 



•V^ > ji «»uai. lij-j jt pa vV jjji (i9) 

130 



•cs^-Ab i^v^ ^ i>-""— * V* ^ 'j 5 ^ 1 ^ ^-^ ^~** Uj -* 

aJ U^ Oj&J gJjMj ^1 ^ I^IT 5!iUiJ ii j*&» £-l*M J ^ tf 
djj ciiU* Ojix. Ail £*J1 JaI Jyj .44*- JT j* £^j j> -^ lfl>\*-\j 
If .AjLy.j aJ^L^jI L^i o^"3> t^il j* Oyji^ utf^ ^J3 **"L> (J^ 
U l^ ^ *i[ C~£ c^ ^ ii> ^j cAy.1 ^ AilsS- j^ £:* ^ ji\ 

^jjb j^4 ^7 jul. y u j^iii ou oy-^y ti^ j!*i) Ai^uC^ jy 

-Up (jlj IJia ^ |l Ojj cJi^Vj ,j"l» *iU* W OlT tj^ ^ j> j^-Nl 

.(2O)J0ll 

«jLJl L<aall 
4JU3I 

cajUpIj ( 21 )A*i *io- c-^ c-JlT Ujup L-** N iOU^x-5. ^ V^*~i ^ 
od^j; ^liNl 015L- aJI jjlj .£^-f / J j^ ii>- W=* f 1 ^ oK 3 

4^ OjU» ^11 5^1 jl^iNl ^ aaJS' 4jl* l^ \aJ- cJuJU js^Jl ^-U-l 

ft iii ij^i ^ru^i 0J1* Jp \j& AyUJi j*i iyi .(22)^1 ju*i ^^ 

v_~~y j^-^o ijJLlI Oli diii Jjrl j>.j (l^ jJr\ *L>J~\ tf *>Uai t^lj 
OJdl Ja** Ojlv» aJL*-I j^ ^Jlil v_-~Jl ^ IAaj .*^UJa* ^ ^»-^iiil 

•(f*-/*) ■^ ^ J 1 ^/l IT ^y ^r-J- 1 J-^j (20) 

.jssUl^l a>- _ kiJLi. Nj __ j,^;, (21) 

.y^H Jiu, ^ UJiaJl 0I1UI Jsl JJj (22) 



OjJ Jit 

^ OU^I 01 JUL Sjyw* O-L. J^I tj>X5l ^JWI # £-!> "*~+ **i 

^\J\ Uiy ^^ «*W ^^ W^ bj^ ^W -W— ' O^ 1 

1^1^ 2ujUJ\ ^ .^ ^ g;1 I** ^j 4( cJiNl ^U <^AJI r UJI 

.jilH ijj v_-~o ^Ujai 

jte a^- ^^f ^ > ^ ^ e^ 1 r ! **■> J* ^ 
(&\ 0* &>* ^^ 4 **>* ^&& ** °^ ^ ^ * '*** 

tu JLWNl J^ yr V y v^h <Wj y**- o- O^ 1 -*^ ^ J 0y> 

* ^* * 

OU >^"Ij AJlJL* 5^5"" oUo-jP J&ryj ' t < >- |^»J^ JLjJlJ-l ,t-3rL* ^ya*; "l? 5 ^ 
•jxJ 4-X^-L*^j jj*^* lfs»j 'j**^ l-i* f^J Ol^*Jlj 31*1 C-Jl^ ..L4-^ aajJlLI 
oX» j^w" (Ji lfL*l Jisil 4^jJ^-jll -W» (Htr*" ti 0^* -^ W^- 4 ^^^^ 

^jU ^ j» (23) 



132 



c«jL;j^aJl J jTL.Nl «Jla Jp l^iT iyUJl J^o .UUp U JS" < y>x^a\j 

^^p ^U-l J-^aiJl 

(J Ai,li*yi l$— -I 5ft*w» oJL« cji*x)1 < _ j *JL1s»^AJ »)_)L^I JL~U ^ *33 
cS-^b J*>\Jl 01 Uj .JL-Ml; ill* iaJS" S^-S' <JUAjUj 5^S-« 4jJbf o^Pj ^^l 
^.Allj J«jJI dAUS} cjjST lp» jpUlI j£J cUss- ^Ji l^ JU £«iJI 0]i 
ci-iU-l ^r^' j' <0J*^ V^* **!■>> JJ- 1 ci LfU' J^i -O^SLJl ^jJu jUa£ 
Jp cJL-Nl ^ Olf ( 24 )Jj £^» iiUj .^vAJl 0L^2pL jl ^Jl Ua~^j 

x.ja:.,^ N ijjdl 01 i>^Ai UL>-I *-*^Jp j^jj ,( 25 )t^j5sJI ^jLpI 

.Uwji Ol*iJ^ ^^ (j^ (j"^* oJL« *A*Jj 'fL>-l «^J 

4 Ijjl 

JL>- -^ If^P jJj>«_j Sfuw? jl^l S*Xp <ujy Cft^-i ikr^ <U-*" ^ ti^LJI 

aJU-^« SJLjAp 5^*1* jL>«-il ,/>Lftj jm oJufc (_ij»^- -Jb*-J .dJUi Jj«j Ja* Ujwc 
Nj JjJUJb Oj*^ jjjtfl (26)^1^5^/1 «-»]^M e/^J AjjLiJI j£j cUU" 
.p^UlaS r-bJJj <^p~b Oi*-^* A^*i ^^ J^ ^yJ^-d '^^ l ^J- 5, 5rV jU-^^ 
(Jaju. 7^»iJI j^ 1pU» 01 i>-jaJ v_wai-l aAp c) -^M 1 Oli dlii Up LJ»j 
<UiNl I Jla J c^i jl c^>-l OJl. Sjlp iibk 01 If .IpU» (27)jc^ _jl j 2r ^>-. 
cJlj L. ob/JJI ^^y ^ cijl Vj/X H jl c'^U Nl Oy-jjil La/JL. V 
.LgJU-l ^Ti ^ JZJ\ Oji clfj JLs-jj oJlT j£\ ^l*il ^p i*Jli 

r i^ U,» : J^t J ^S ] .5^ ^ ^ (24) 
■M\ Xf- JUoi *W (25) 



OLA- j, dUU ^ (26) 

v ljj eH ^ uu - 60 j' 50 E* < 27 > 



133 



j_j^ <m i y*& 

gj j{ «yjl a^t ^ aJ^j c(i)4^br j^-l ^-U) ^IsJI ^i\ J^4 
~->y^r\ ^j t«;j^*i^ %-* Oy A*y Jau^l a-*«£j ( 2 )^j** ^r JL-iJl yj 

tl^jjtj u.. ? ^i t^iAb f-*^ V*" ^^ °^* J^ -Ji!^ cT^" ^Ui^* 

jj&C ( 3 >*Lj*l s-IJLif jj^r w»yl jp %*i twJJ^b ^y*^ a" -^" r*J 
.ftAjLl ^y.1 jjP ^UJaij OjIp^jj '>^[) l/^ OH **»!>" «i*-Jl JT 

^l^ 1 ^H a" V^-4j u*^* dill U-i Jjijy t^jJI oy £.1^ c5 < 4 >^i» 

.b>»^« i»_— *>- t^iJl (J| — -y»Jl ^ Lib !JA,a.l )iiu 

oj u 

.Jsl^Jl iijJL* y ,Uaj *~-y iJwaJ ^« j&'\ •!*> Jf ' J]A> j' jr ^-r-^ 

.^Uj, loi y^-J o;*r (1) 

-JW>- J ? ( 2 ) 
J: I tBljIj iiit5j lirV^J "J 1 -** r* ( 3 ) 

.jU- dJJU ^4 (4) 



134 



<Jp AijjL-^* C>1^J 4*il U JjUll ,j^\ Jp ^u^aij iwa^ oJ.il} tbb>- iJL^- 
.<u!p CJd t^iJl J^rl (J-^^l 4jUSj jw AJiob iijAvail b^SjL oJdl 
01 -Xi* 1 5-3x^^11 f-Jsl^JI ,j ii^iib fLiD ^p- //J-- J^ 1 ilbjhj .Ojji/l 

cOV^L-JVj Ul y^ a^j oail «JLa CJK" .Lu>- wow? -*1>-jl« t£Jj| ^UlI 
<u& <6)bgJb-l> yp ^ tiJliii dUU t,o&M ^-JyiJl 01 *>-ji Jl cu^ili; 

W^j Ob'V^'l WUi t}L- jl>wJ <8)«jAp -^ ^ju ^j| oL^Jj ^i<r *-. 

<J1 O^ o^ 1 c> 'V 1 ^ 1 > ^ '^ fr- ~^J o* > r-l _>! jSj 
ijoil 01 J~£ jJL» ui^^ gW^I IJLaj J^b^t IJla 0&i .^Udi 

U,Ui}l d-*^J 0^ Vj AJb>i" Ob Jai U tt^.J 1 iH>- ,_} JLi.jj Jl> o^*^>! 
■O^i^J ii^il OlSLJl Ja** 4i* f^ai 4^^=} jkiJl 
tf% ifll\ i^Jr\ ^r\j s^yi ^'UJ! j, jku ^1 ^ !jU CJfeT 





.ojlII 


C^» 




.JU^JI j» (5) 


.-» 670 = 


1263 i- 


(«) 




•-y«i j» 


(7) 


.Olj, 


O! 0^!^ 


(8) 



135 



JUS' ) j~**\2~\ LaAjl 

(^JJl jJL ^_~~>- tv-iL jl ejlilj Lcai ^»— J OJl^ ..s^Ul J^-b J *^L- ^ 
iii:> jlj^s-) 4*-)} jiyij ajj\j tV^ls SJLJ:> jo*#j Ob^p C — - Jp U^= 
t(9) 0J _jb- > il iijlil jb-l Jl *yu Ug — -— tj jl Jy, viJJLll JUe- J& \Z>f. 

*\£\ x^ jo Jp jtr i^ oi tf cdo^ ^ ii> ^ ^iji i^u^j 

J ^J^'l .JL^Jl dili -U* U*AWl U^*jw jUj jl jji (H)c«U^ JL> Aj^- 

i jLL- ^ dJDU ^-j -r'W ^_*£ t *r-'^b ^-y**^ ^-U? aJL^- lp^L> 

J J Uj^l Jl Ol.Jli-1 Jt olil^L* UU[ JL*~- (^JaSI jjiJl ijjUJl ./a*Jj 

c«3 r iJl S^r- Jl *>L- ^ Tt*-^ ^Jjl -l« J 61 ^r" 1 - L^r^-I iiiXt iluA 
»-jji»<j jl JUL ,( 12 )_^*- jf Lj^vH -^ Ja->^ ^(^^ (j* £^/ •— ^KJ 
jJU 5Jlp j^i ^ 1*^-0 IJLj«— i -jSO c^Jl IJl* J^-^* <jL^- l^*»*-l j^oill 

^ b\Jbt jjJJI _>y=^ W^ l / 51 *vM ^l^ 1 £~*~ ^ *-& ,JL * 

/ .^^/^ 

■^ ■** y (9) 
^ o-^ 1 ^ >* ^ ^ ^^ ^ -^ ^ c> ^ J ' (209 ' ! > ^ f*~ ** ^ ] 

.(^j*) [ 22 j^uij 2io-i «j»^ii .Jj-i >i ] -v- y> y t (»: 

.OLi- ,y iUl. ^ (13 
136 



J jij^^ ^jJ^ 1 os~ l*j^ ty ^p i^>j yu-^j ,jl)i ^ip j 

Ji u^U^I t %J ^ Lj^ ^ ^^\ or .^sOJl iijVl oJdl J^U j^r-y 
^ *l ^l ^ t j^Li oft yy jU <^ v^j/ jl^I jJLJi JL, ^f 
^ -V^J a" W^-^ #y> o^ £• vjl* ^ 3tyJ ,JLo i*UJl jljsj 

J^j .i*laJl >t **J ^Ul ^^y £L*ty s,UJl jy t J;U^ J^[\ i&\£ 

j-yU .t^U. oir cj^ii jS/^ji j j^, ^ t (i5)b^ ou jlp aj j^/i 

■**y 'V Cr^- 1 -^ W (3-^1 Ol£ll ^ ^ Jj^lT hJL. ^J- aJUJl 
^r* J^" fafjMty o^io^U &.UU ty LJl ^ <j-^| i1;/ lJi ^J^o ^ 
Jp tyju 01 ^ ^ .U^J J^JI ^j ^ ^| 5j yQll olTl^l 
V JjP J«~i t^il J! wy»l OlSO J Ua^ lyuto 01 l/ty jytll jl^il 

^ l^- i^ut, ^Jyi ji iyi oiAii cjpti .o^ji ^^ aj ^ ^ 

ojOpU t ^ jjl ^ J ^Ux, Sp^ I^Lp ^1 £ t( ^, 0j j^ jj j^g- ^j^ 

(19)^1 JJ ^ ta ^ (18)^^ ^JUL. jj^ ^ flJU J^VU-IS ^.^ 
^ (b 'J^i> ^ uy^J 'o-jli ^>Vl ^Jj 5,^1 Jl ^1 ^yi .^L| 

.ilkii ^ i^»w. ^ ^ ( 14) 

j-ji 24 j (15) 

, • 5 Jr- il jr t j*j (16) 

•!P /* W l?' (17) 

^ItjJI ^£ y. (18) 
^Ul ^-^ y, (19) 

137 



JU* J^-l |y^5 01 jJ>\i3jt\ 0l£*^ 0^ .U> Ijb- lyW2JJ t^^S-J UjS/i 

a£)Zj& ON <•"*&& ^u> 01 ^ JbJ*& IJLA £^i & 3 .Uo>-Sl t^-U^ 
^L^ Jp U*>—y jvJli ^-/i-l |jA*-j» tooJdl <Jl£* Jl y^iJl J-i IjUy 
Jai t l^>-l yi^l -^ .viJJJj 5jjW>I y»A» 01 Ji iilJi ^j t>* -4)' 
O^lUijJl OK} t<0t-> ^>- dJUil ^1 ~JU- J^-j t^r JS~ tj jlii^fl ^-jiU 
^jw ^U ip- JT ^ pJLp J^4 OIT jaJI 01 j)j j~>- flky 0j^~o 

«JaJ *4*-<*J tSj_aJlj J-J^l 0j_^i> l^l>>» i4-A^« «-^-^ jUi^l ^ 

i^'l Ijljj a*1*JI ^ l^all U-Lp ^ . rt ^T J^b &l* C-Jl i-rtJll 
L^ ^jSl ^Ui t^UI ^ jy^l Ji^-> SiLwi Jp ijUU, 3Ua^ 1*1T 
: JJi J\j Ujlp c U i^JJl >uJl tjr ^ Jb& c? !y^!> «-*>*N 

ji (n ^JL uj-Jx'ty o**^' 1 cy *** ^ r* bUi t : r^ J*^ 

^jS\ f t^JLP c^.1 ^li dJUU -WL-> ^^ j^isfr* U>" yip i->- 

jp ^jir j>\ ooAiu o^.u^ t^-^ 1 bb ^j •o^ Ll i>* Oj^axJ.1 

j^. ^JUJjJI Jbli ^1 JlSjlpj .Jb~lj oT ^ Jy-^il j^ 0>V, ILJ^\ Cj *~s\ 
j^\ ^~*a j l^A U^JJ ^Jy^ij Jail u-^b &h "^^> '^ 
O* c lpjl Ojl v Wlj v 1 ^^ 1 d A,J~ tl r J - UU ^W'^C* 
jJUu^Jl AJli ^tj U^p-j .hJLJ\ aJL* lj> |>»>l S{jUil j^J . ft UpNl oii. 

jyi ^ jJiiJl lJuh oy : ^ Li]l c^ t- Ujdl °5j 'a 415 ^ ^^b d P 0i 
JUl V l^-JNI Jp p- c^l ^il ^Jp ^ *>Ui ^ 0>^ j~Jr\j 



v^i* 10 J (20) 
138 



L. diij i£%Jl j! i^iJli \a[ i^S\J\ J| £^1M JUp I^U y£-\ (Jk*. 
iw-^a^ J| 4>j*oil *UpVI i-*»Jl* ON villi .aJUIT IfV*^ ^■" *&• £* ^i)i 
j>Jl Je- tl~p ^Ua}U tiJUjflJl ^yi-Jl j^J CJlT tt^iJl *4?r ,y j^\ 

Oja J^>-j u>Nl o«^l ja JU)1 idJLUj .^ jj^l 0j!jL4 ^-aj tjt^jp J^ 

0*iJlLl till ja ijlilt rjk«.l tiUi JOuj .aJUJIj OjU ^ iOp ka n£jJ)l\ 

L5^»l "-^jtr" J -1*^ -^ -yM ,>*** '-^ **■**■ ' t^JJ' w^yxs^l OlS' 
|JU>- fjlaJ l^U til.w%:.7 jl f- jpjii 01 Oj-i iiixi* i-x^-^ *ts^' •— *s*J ^1 *" 
C-iJb- lijl sii^iJ L. OIp^ l^ ti-jllt OjJLji L. sj>±£ OjyL ^JlJl ijUll 
ti^»ll oJuh j 1^,1 jjjjl jijj^wj.-J.I ^^ ^Uj tiJL- lij .i*U jj^l l^j 

i ^ I^Jli tUjJLiij 01 dlij Jp *^l l^lj L«JLtf- ijUll A-niJL* I^JL-jL 1 lili 
\A*- O^i j»Jy aJ I^^jL |l ^jj iiilUj fUJl Jp ^-IpLo L. j^jJ j5^j- 

^JUp «jLJI JvaiJI 
• , • ^ 

(2i)cJuLUj 

tJa^l ^ ftv^ i*J;lj iLLJl iuJil j^ ts-'I^ A*«>" JLio Jp Jbr-J 
J ^-^Jjaj IfU^ jJI^ cJULu ^Jl ^^^-J jJI JLjL*1j 4JL&JI oJllI l_-jI ; >- 
0} JUj .U^p a5Jj ^IUp ( _ r >-j Oy'^il^ **j\J\j t^L» iwLJI 5^-jJl3I 
-r^illj Ji ^i tiiij JL^i a!»U j»j .i^-L^ iLi ^« iijUl ^ Lp-^J^ 
Oi;^' J* 1 *^c^ iU>- i^>- i^-b -AsJL« oLU a»LL> .Ju^J < 22 >^r l^ 

^W .JlLJI AJ a... ,^ j;b Jj^aJl Ja-j (^ l^j j^^J .JJUl jj i^U-j 

.((^r-) .27 J^UI c213 : 1 cUjil o^j 0^1 ,^-i-l >l (21) 

■J«! (22) 



139 



•^r' J-*^i ^7 \yCUZJ tciJJJb l^>**— j 1 J^aJI eJLfc jS- dj\l"o 



oli ^ jtfl ^hJw 5^ 0> ^j (24)^^^! JL- ^ 5J^o jiP 4S,j**U 
S*-jJlJl} 4*^L» iiJj uy-^j i*iLJl krjOjl j ^-j^JiaJ l$l*£ cS-*~J <-iV\ 

^-yjlftUjt ^>j 1(25)^1 U* J^4 JIT SAijj- £> v-w^^-U^. Ji J^»i\ 
CJS} t 0l£ll IJuh lyil jjJlJI *li»waJl ^ sAjji^t j>* |yfcu-t Ujjp j^**it 

UUaj, r OX. ^1 ^ CjJI C*^»\ 01 Jl C^l&i tjTUil Ja*j, 4J 
«aJ jjyLo l^ii^J .o^ll^ o^aJl iuilil ^yi ^- ^ l/^ 4 <^b 

JLp 5Jl_jJ^« r-JjH -W^ ^r^ jb~"^ V: -W^ . Si j^ *& <j jL* SAP 
ta%Jl J*f jl> J* *-*• J^Uty jj^uty C^UUM £*■ .J~*JI J^Jl 
U^y U^l w^ g* •JU*«J 4*^^11 £jU- t3^- ,Ji$Nl fji V f^ij 

l^a*j 01 ^/li iijl« 5^ j* .(*-f^>- ^i-^*j S^vaJi j«-rJJ*>» ^ ^JJLr^ 
^.J^ ^jhV Lj» j\ tUf jt cb\ 0^ ^ tr fii^ ^ ji U\Jfli\ oAl\ oIa 



.0U- iUU ^ (23) 
JU-I ^ jt^y iL-f i>L~. Jt- (24) 
• (rtr*) [ ^^' «=»Wl ji y ^ y jTav»*i ] i-UC ^ (25) 

.ajUNl ^—o s^i j (26; 
r li ^1 v Uf (27) 



140 



* » ft 

tJLgJl villi -U. j^jN LiV- OlT'^JUl 4 (28 )« «up ^1 Jl Ul-ul U^p 
iAL. vjU. il!M OIT Ujlp -U a^x. Jp Jy-o 01 j^i\ lJu* ilijl 

J dj>*~j> y»j *%k ^X. tl^- 4^-U Ji W>-i J-ylj iliii ^ ,ya4« 

tA* V=-l Ji **^ (X-J js^l l3 *>V jU»l vi)U» o^ -C^ 1 ^ 
.UiL.1 If ojj^II ^ Jp JU^JI (j^rf fr* t£-^ 'y^LJl 

A^«_~»i aa-S" SSjlj ciux* j)^* - ' <^-'li ^-d^ V s ] Ly*«i t/ - ^^* l?1 *^*4? 
L>- -y. ji-lyl (Jp sU.1 ^) v^£ c*»-L~M Ja*-j (^ 5JL^- SjlJL* *> 44i-iai 

uU^i o^-U^ii .^-Jl J^> Jp oby-Udl ja j^p iJLft ^ «---/ vjwaj 

ti£* ^ yi *^j^i djj^zki .<Ji ^ ^U JaN ^LpI /»^0 cOjjvXX* 

1x>- SjCw ^j JJJI ^1 J*^ i_>j*aJIj ^iaiii j* cS^-lj 'o^!^ jJ"^ a* 
g.l....dl l)^>m«*-o j cLb>- Ojjj^p JUyl • ^ ' <j * '"s^ 1 Sf"*~J yj&yci tLjS^il (J 

dJUi ^j cfU-l Jl -jUJLU Nl JjAI ^ jst^s 01 Nj col;l# ^^1. jL 
^y^A^rj 0l i>-jAJ. ciJLsr- j^iJil l/ 3 -^ <J*j+0$\ ^y Cj\Ju£-. ol^ or)* 

3cjJiil O^i Jlij .^ U J,| NilJ ^« Ajijll A^i| Jp <Oj ajjJL* J"iUs»l ci^U- 



■OUj, tsV (28) 

■J> u ^ (29) 
OLL- iUU ^ (30) 

((^-j^) U U —.1^1 J«Jj .fU-l ^U jyi jl» UVIji (31) 



141 



iij\^A Ifa* i^U.1 a-^- .Xq*}\ liJdi -^ -lai U^*jJ 0*o lj A^*** VjLr*" ^ 

j^^yi ^fr A viJLii .U^l ftLi^l >L-j t^-sJIj <.J>yd>\ 3 j— Jl £• v 
^U diU ^ tUjb iUj 01 O^JLI. ^ i(33) t ljj»i v)^t L^JLc Sjjl^l 
• Vlr^ -^i*-^ 01 j^t J-U» ^ OK" O^j t^»-pvaij M L ^>- cfJJJ-5 d,lSox^l 

iL»J ij^- ^jJ^j Oy^'j ^^ t3j '^ ^^ Oy-^J 4«jI-JI *>tj^\ 

JS" -^ ^-l^ *~"^" ^ J^ Sj - ^ ^^J £^ **^\ k^ OiJ A^" 
^^axJ U^JL- ^li ii^L» ^-^ .Xjcm vj>^ ^' <^>*-5 4^-* s-^lr^ 'W-* 

<V>0 'i* 11 ^ ^ «^W -Oi^-> ^ X 1 :ii ^ , J* V-^ J^ 0-* 
.(36)^.1^31 _jj^>- j IJb- 4JU- 5JUUl* IjL»jP f-r^ Cj^-Jl <w-wa5 ^ V^ 

Ja*j. «jJb ^tj tl^^i iJJJl oJdl aJU -^» ^ {/Jill lJU£ 01 dUi 

jjj^ ^ CJjjjaJ fcUil dJU 01 If (37)^1* JaI ^i^j ^ ^>^ 0&-JI 
^U j^ Aj^II a^I Jp ^*^r>5 t/-^ dU* 0^*0- t^l -rilr*- ^ cM"' 

aUI^j j*^> ^ JJ-} i*L£ ^J (Ojll j<J i^/Jl ^ ^ jS'UNl 

.iiU 01T 

iij. Ji^i iy j* (3 2) 

.OU- dlH. ^ (33) 
.oyU ^ (3*) 

, i _ ri J-\ £y. jl (3 5) 

J4 as%- j (^/Sli ^b ^ c^ 11 (c^ 1 -^) >^ C 5 " ^ u ^ (36) 

. Jja 45j« J (^ J v— C V_ i544 ^ ^ oK - (3?) 

142 



Oj>J jISJ 4»L~» ^Jp t^Ux^j ^U ,jy 4^-lpv* lf-vv-1 S#i*s> iiiJLt 

jv.1 c^Ul gjVy jIp 01 Jl i%^ LJU cJiy cJL*~- VJLP- ^ viyo 
i>* ft: fr 1 *- ji^ 0l£-Jl ^ U^J jUU (40)aJIS^ ^1 ^ t^UC 

pfj "^ tf • V !?&£ |i f^JJl O&ll U* j I^SLJ ^^ s^U. Jp 

°^ ^ cA '^^ tV' c?fj -**^ Jl £^ ^ if .oAii r ui jl^jj ^ 
<^ J| J> ^ J^ ^u ^ Wj .%iii y.ji ^^ cis^i ^oii o 



.UJI ilj j* (38) 

• Jju 0* (39) 

.1514 i- (40) 

■JV$ tf*V <i ( 41 ) 
.OLi- dLU ,/• (42) 



143 



,/ * 

\-y<~ -s» i^ u& ,^-j ii co>)i ^j a£ui wt* 

--JLJj (I)ajJU^I iLil ^-jlJLi 1^3* tl^iT Uj>Ij a*.^ jA-ij jS*\ 4j-U 

t^Jl J J. 4*il^l 3JULJI 3LjJL. If-Jit tiib£ &,y J c -1 ^j -p-^ 1 

t( 2 )jj«0)il l^-v^l .i«-w«J i_J> *l 4*£)l i\}j>~ (W2J 4j_yi^il O^J iltf^-H ^p" 

juli (way i^JI t^ «j»j jU l j i p j\ JUl ^,-li oU*Jkl t<4^i/l ijJd[} 

ObjU^ top-^l oJUk ^ 0^^ t^dfr 4 ^ fAJ& J kdlT u^-^ OyL* 0} «i^l 
il> jtf jS3 . JlijJl, >JI ^ L^ Jmmj o^ y Ob r lyJl J* 
oJb£ O^^j U^j^li L^-U tL-^l; jyil ?-b>-l 01 JUj d^J^aj\J.\ 
aiiJL* jcijjll j^ J*>-j tU-gJbij U*JL>-li tj^uJL-J.1 JjLm i^jkJL« •S' L^bJLt 
IaLc^j t( 5 )Lfc^o i.,^a^ Oo t^JJI j*~Jl r*^*J 'vr^ <4>* t^ 3 -** *W* 5jl>-U 
t^U i£*\j 0*^1 L5 *— *y .j*!^ c^b ^-^ <<*~*i <^ <-£*^ yjJ' (♦— '^j L-li 

.U Uji ijjwi* «jlJj tio— J t_J^I oli ^ j&l *-^J jjJl ubJbM ^li Jh 

c^JJl OlSCil ^ J l^aii JL^j .Ijl^I^ Le-I Nl J^ ^ J^IT OJ^ 01 j 
^p ^^-j 4i*Wl hrj^\ J ^-j^iJaj l^Uii ^1 c( 6 >JJj Lcai ^^^ j OlT 

AiL JiJI Jp IJL* ,JL^ .L^p Ui^ jwylj oy^b ^^1) ^J" **** 

9\J$jt\ d\ C-jIj ^^ 44^jJL« jj-ojil Ijjslp ,j— I Jjliil ,_/**J iiU* CJlS' 

.Ljivy ftWl iJUl ^^JL- (1) 

.j» 185 = 798 *u- (2) 

J-iUlj t220 . 1 tU^il cfeoj >il .Ixiu «iljj Oljjll ,y-J-l IM-I li* i^ J^jL. ^; ] (IJLT) ( y-*- yk (3) 

.(^yuJJl i_i-._jj yk (4) 
.jfi\ ~if>r jf- tf j±\ i>&* ^ dUi O^j L)i L.jN OK" (5) 



144 



jji ^l^ o>£ t^LiSfi v>i (H-^> Jl Ir-^. °* b^ 1 o*^ 1 ^ 

.1^ VJL^ jJU **l L~N t^j-^-lj b^ <-^■'*k>*^~ , 
^ ^ ^' JUl ^ 

tiCJLi jjjv-l <4 -^c^J '-r 'b«-J» t^J J^ (J* 1 j*$-~" lW u - ^ f-*i 

(IJLS ) jJLjJI wjL ^-«j Jj^I t~_->i*»l 4**-- li c^X-j^- >c^tf /«* r- jjfc> ~*c~a£- 

iDLpNI tf SU- Jb-lj JxJ cL?- j^& ^jl j£ ijjdl «Jl* ,, JL\~> 

^ IfJLoj cajLiSCj ^iy* i^JLiNl 0j& 01 Jp tjjS^sr- JLSp Ji* t^yy^ 
^ liL^iJI Oj^io ^ *»' IT -fr*^ J* o^J 'cfJULU 0)£ j^ **Ji^ ci—J 

tioUl dJL^c 01 jJUil ^ia^»j i 0| *^«ui3l ^ f^iJjL; 0^>l* l^-J *^l 

U-*^ 01 Oj.5 7****^ ujl'i^'» AiJ-U,' /«• ^rV^> 'i| .ytfT'iol) Qj,».L»ImO *^| •— -^ 
Oil iljlll ft Nj* OIT .1^ ^UJJI ^Jas-o V jy& jjx>-j Ji»b ft Uj! ybljio" 

I^L*^- Ji Ol>-*JI Ol^ Oij tijjsUI (J lj*x>o ( ji>- t*^Lyij ^b_^5l 

c * c " * 

5^ju,tf ^buyC A^J ^-^* ^JL^- l^P Ifj ON tr- jbi-l j L^« )S\ Ls»^IJLI1 
Jj^b ob]^>- ijfJl jjjJl ^r^ 1 *" ti 5jIp -tery) .^UvaJl oJbJLi i^j^* 
j^ 1 <-^bjb f^>' Oj*^) '-^"i* c/ ? y odj^Li ^^-5!- ^ (j-Jylj Ol;JU=Ll 

.^UIJLiJI ji JiUli Oj~l~* (7) 



145 



-^b f 4 l W* #u ^ "V-* 8 " ^-^ ^ -^ -^ ^ ^ ->* oUl? "j 

.1^ IJLpt Ujb ^ j>-\ J*~~* «\e- O* 1 ">^»» «***N ^ ^jIt^ 1 

Oujyill £-W V>!> t*L*ll OULJI J ijja^l JO* ^j *-» ^1 ■**!—* 
"iif}\ jA 4Z~J aL^U A^Jj wjl^l 41- 43 .£-*> cisfli y- 4^Sljj c^j- 

eJ^-Nl j& j£iJ t^ ^ 3>w» ^Jaii oli*, v^ 1 J6 -W- 1 
Ull. t jyjl ^ 4py^. i*^> JUSI £. iU*- .JljU J^io ol^Jlj 

is _jl Li >p **~- o^i e 4 ^ 'V*^ l ^ wJ1 '*~*^14 * uLi,J - 
a^u yU->-j ^NT s>p Jp 4^ tSy* pi>pj «u Jp U»^ s^ 

^ ^ u; ^ ^ jr cj t^ySii ^ uur^yw ^ ** fe 

J^Ls .JL^b OT ^ c Lso> MU->-j eJJl *i My d\ Jic £-£ O-Uil 

t^jlil ,jL.ytJl ^ .4iJ uJt oy^c ^ ^ Jh ^M-l ^r J__4^- 
^1 yL-j j* 4JI c i^ U Nl 43 ^jl, V, jI^I JT A^V* ONI ^iU 

.(p^s,.) .XLUIj fJ Jl c3 o^ .^ J, (9) 

.jyjl JSU. jl (12) 

146 



i&yj^ (^^^ji ipi ^jjo ^-U os^-i ^jU* iSLiAj ./«-»l4-i ajjl-. 
* — - ^ 

cV^iS^ Li^il ^LLj iS^ (V* i_c*j tiv-jJL* ,<*— j oLu. <jil oJjk j»_*l^ 
If^-^J -L^-l s-tAlaJlj i-JLlI oJUJUJI Lj^Pj V^jLlb 2fe^' W*' L -*?*~ 1/ 
to* *)La alf .^-Ul^ ^j^/L (^y ' L /JJ-^ 1 ^ ls^" <^' ts^b ^i* 
tVj^jT ^ jUJl y» LJi* ~plp j^Lo cU^p Jj i^Jiil oJU ^ OjJL>-ta *J1» 

•jP Jbjj U ^U oJL« J Jjj-jj .^jjjJl^ Ai^Jl (^j-- 3JUaD j^i t% JL* cSJuL/5\J 
<j Silp jL5L g^Jl y»J\j ixi-l olT jlj tScj^JI jcJLd (i 4 )^u- jX. ^'U 

ONI lp& tfljj 5J^J 5JLU OifL-il ,»j4ajj Sjs-^b OyW 1 ! <_r~£ OK' ill^i 
tO*)JvJ\ J LS «-i^— Jaii iibh Jj .U^ly. Jp yy-l iljlll ON iaJU 

.JUL z^Aijjj 01 j^ yiil ^yLii^Jil ON Cj^oJjJj *^*Jj£ 
l(JI iw-^ij -oJiil oLL J -t-fcl j£*ij toUL?" oJLp U^jI iSLaj 

cS^ Ob.yau^l 0-14 vLLii j£j _ OjJ^Sj L. Jp __ 4*UaJl J*-l ^ I^T 
.*»$~Jjt Jp O^j bf /S'l ^LjJU Jill ja dyi^i (t-r| J&- L^Ip [jijiJ aij 

i?*J iLjjL JbLl <Jp yk Lit* sAj^JJ tiJLi ^jL« -jP jji U iiLiAj 

^Ji) • l ^ l J3j^ a J* b* /*-* 4l^JLL-l^ Ia*)\pIj i_^P OJLP Ipi 4fLJl iu*o- O^jS' 

L^j s-^y 'ui^L^ i^fr^ iSy^^ (i^LiiJI yL-j tji*S0l a-»U-I -ry U^' 

^•UwsN t*-»-"0 -*jI 5^-j^J t*-jUp OjJbj is-ljVl J-»ISj c^^Uil i_iNl 

*^-^ u^j* 'fL-^J6 ^a]^u:* (^-Ul Ji*^ c^L-uJI iSy. Trj/^b. (3-sL^I 

iUil jvi r-L) . ( «-io J-i Jp JU^I L / a Jr >t ^ ^^*^' ui J ^ i/, J rt5^' -Ai* 

. Uy Jl j>JI (13) 

(^ji.) ujl^Jl i-jjdlj -U^i (14) 

.OU-jQI (15) 



147 



j^jjil (J jW y> I? 4 0L~*a3|j 5.L*jJl s-|jj]j tj^-l a_jj t <Jl?*j-*- p f-Ua-wj 
tl^Jl v UJdl Jp Ojj^. V a)U*JI JSjT 01 jJJi ^ ^>ptj -JJ^ ^a^ 1 
WJL. C-^w-^t VI d~£ ciibo JL>-I c >l Jp ty^l 0>iij N aI^JI Ojj 
(3^LiSl ojjh wjU^^i lPjj .a^jJOlI jU*i /'Hr*^) 3JLx3j\^ ^^^^ ( j^ya.lH 

t^Lj 4Ai- JS' J»UJI Jl i^T UJL. dAJi J*-1 ^ ^-ojU OjpJU jjJljI 
;LiU-l J*L^ a,j^ ^ f ,;,«, JU,L jjti\ j\ diiH £* J^-l &J- ur 
Jjj^tJIj tA^-L*I|^ oUUJ-\ J.J J^-jJl ^ Oj»c^j *^o i*-f/»Ul» j^issj 

aJIpj ^-li dJUL* UU- ^4 ^JJl (16)eJu^SJl ^jf ^jjU- UJUPj 

LUp dUi J*ij aJL ^W-l tfiiLNl ^ju aIl. ^.Jb dill ojU- Jp t l^ii31 
Ji. ajI d-^ t*^*-jj aU hj& o*^p lf:^i>l f^Bi l/" 3*-iJl ^Uil Jp a! 
^ JT :>rji J JLs^-1 (17)^15 a** 0&} tlJu^- t*~^>1 U i/^J? ^L^aiil sN^ 

iir u ii tjki |i _^Ai .w^ji j^pirl j>- lyjjii ot ^>j tAru.i ^ik^i 

. jjLJI ^ J 5 * 5 b£ ^-^ ^ ^b .''H^ 1 pr^ !ykk**l <y- jkt^ £f^ 
aj)I l^ 5Jl>-1j JSo* 4Ajj?-lU ajUju,! \^,» jjJLj L-\i ti/^s <^Jl jfJI 0[ 

{ j!oj>^\j JjuU ?^*i {r** 3 ^ ^Aya.^ ^.,d»u (C^ Vj Lj^— \j iO*)\^*P .p** 4 " jl 



Nl 



01 jJj ^*5 J-f JT jp oyi ji Jlj, ..jl^j 1^1 dllil ^ t| £i* 

^l^iJU L^ JUi^ tiij^-U? o^iP ^j-uo^ liJUUc d--?- tJbjU-l (j-U) j^4a 
.aJI ^jj ft Ul dU* 01 j^pjj A^i tJbrUilj u-j^j 

jl>«i5l 1 j^5d.> c\«->- 4Aj rtA-iil L 5 P *^ jy* <^^» ^*j^l J**^ tij 
J^jCU-J JLjJlJ-1 •>> AjaJp l \J%^> SjS \j\j jte UJI li .^U ( - :j 1j/ t^j 

\+A .jf&M ttUj y^p 3U>- ^j .LT1; 1^1 ^11 Jy-i £l j^-^' 

ISU) L-*-^>wj 'jiAb 1 -r Jh '^^ ^ a ^* ^^~l Oj*Cvaj ^-^jJlil (j^JlS-J^l \*Uj 



.j^lJl tjAjil ju* y. (16) 
•ts-r tf-V- y (17) 

148 



* K ■■" -iuii 



^JJl jl>«^5 ufo 4jU -^ Jb}l UajI iiL*j .5,5 111 ^^oti y r- Jj-Jl »JLp 

^ir^ 1 Cr 4 li^ 1 V=* ^" ^j^ t-Sr^b j^ tf £?~^ tty £r^" ^ J ^ sii 
(J a1^1s> wjlJUfcU iaji-l -^ 5jiJp oU-Uj (Jp h>rj~*i* ts-LJU i_J^aJl^ 

ey ^ ^^ jj -v~% ^■ s ^^ 1 .^ ^ .M ^> > t 1 ^ 1 

t/»UiaM JjV^i (j^l ,Jp J 1 ^ oUsjU—nS" iili* Lju«J t^^-lj (w^aJlSL 

IJlS" (jj^^ J^l^") "^j^-^J tO^^'^ >^' t3Uj Uiajl *^>-jjj 

^ 4 jITi J, I OEi j^ ULJI jjT^I J*^ .f-L, 06" U JS" <u» OjJL*i 
_jl fcjjdl jS"l~J £-~~i ^J 'o^ J*l Vj Ja^ 1 cS^I ./s-kD V[ VjJLo 
( j ii j***** ijj) iJiJI e^y> ^Ap -/r*^! (T '*! jr"' l5 YsT**^ ^ t** - •— ■if* - ' 



.<w~ju. 



^o*^l jaJU jjjl^i ^j 4(20)^1^1 ^JL- ^ /Tl 2i»U l^jlf 0^ c j>il 
; j r J-l ^ sil^- jLJlj JU^JI j^ JS' iu*Jl f-LJ "d*j>- 4^>-l <3lij (_$ iLjix^m 

4*x«l oJLp l\jl\j <J pIj jjLJlI Jj .5JL)JL>- f>\ 5JU CJ^ cjjall ^UiJl _jl 

.dJUij oiKL. Jj-j 3JJ JT aaJUj c^JJIj c4^Ti <£JJI 0l5Cil J j^^ iUi 

.-i^ 11 **-j ,> *^^ ^ ^ iUj - 4 ^! (19) 
^i . jtn ->up v_Jks v^ j' ( 2 °) 

149 



*1 ^jk ut-jP & <-j*4 f-l* f ( 21 >Ol£ll IJu* oli i JUbj 

i^Jai* 4*. jb a^u jr j ^"cjit ll>i o^sUouJji oir ua^ 
*u?i ^^ui ^ycj cj»r u gip jijji oJuo of Uj . VjSCju ^f *Lif, ^jlji 

£?UiJl aJ J«4 J _ r ~. 0l£« iiidA JT j o^L of s^Uil Jb-i ^.1 tjsiil 

Ji "-^"J 'Vr"^ p— 1 ftW f ^j -V £^ j$si U^ft.1 aJ i>JUa> 

UL^I Ox. ^f J l^ ^i j|j Uj .i^Jl ou^sJl Sbl a»U>L Ai^ft-ftJI 

a! .jjwU-I ^ J lift Oi^j aJU Jp J^JLy t04 ,lUJI ^--o J^ 
jUJl 4*- OIT Olj <a> a^-I a-151 ^p *5Uai caU JT OUUu O^JL. 

U" cT^ O^ 1 f.^ 1 <^ ^l) (^*!r* «V*i cJyLi^U OjTtf.5 50p o£"£jdl 
jl cjUb OjjUo Ulj cv_4Jb I^LUi. of Nj cO*V-il y^bs, 01 jh-oLp 
^ *s» u^ 1 ^ 1 JV i^li Aijf Jfrl JUjJl Ijjh .jjSLiJ! ^ jf <wJl 
•V*y ^^ gvi J*^ fl^ oJ^ai* ^_-JUJl jl ^jLsoJI^ clJbf At„,^;>..^j 

O^Lc j^\ ^.U-l J^ ^ tjj^. ^ ^jjjJlj ^bsoJl *^- 

t!^ 1 £**" ->ir^ ^-^ fL>l OVjlp Li, Jb-lj JS' j ^^JL^: (22) Jjjuli UC 

^b '^LaJl dti'i -Ui l^Sjj CA.OLJL ^1 ALodL aaJL*:1I Li. ^.1^ ci^il 

c V >il j^ A^dl ^.IstJJ >-Vl V UI r UI, .pl^Jl Jp ft LJI^ JL^jy AiJb^'l 
jjjl^i) UKi Ojwjl \^r l^ Lj»j cATyiil L^i £LJ (^ i^L- 



.ii^poJLlI (21) 

.jjyil .jbS- ji (22) 

.O^U-iJl ii, (23) 



150 



itsjd\ { ySi\ Lpi f-Lj oUjIj aIUw ijyS' ILoj ajlU i^>-l CjS"^ V^^j 
Jj^I JaiJI L^ ^L, «j^l jj^J ^ Xlj ca^UJI sjujJIj ^U-l ^1, 

l jv»-l^ r JL! ij^'^'- 5 ^-^ Vj c«w-iSJl aJ f-Lj ^>-l JUj jj^cjl -^-j 

jJbU ^ A*p-lj JSjiJl ^LSl ^a» f-Uj l^>-I (jjS'^5 »JLp ^5Uj .J\j -<aJ-[j 

l^ij iAJr Oji JLiL JJ-I o^LaJ a-a-III i*)^! ^y f- jjj tOjUl ^A^ ^r^j-* 
OiWl Jft*j Oi 1 ^ 1 Cr* ^^ Cr* ^ ^Ji W ^ yr 11 ^^ 

jX*aj *A>- Jp S^JwaJl Ai*5o£ aJ .JjjlMjj ^3^11 V^y ci*jJ?Ml j**~j 
Ail* IJ-Aj 4A**$1I aj^ AJ\i oJil (J A*s<X>«Ji *^pl j^>*J} tA>»l£>-l l^i 

j^ -bjl^ t£tjuj^'l} J*«*J1 L^s- l^ f-Lo O^i AjU ^. jnTI aJ^>-j J^~^ 

kiJL-Jlj ( ^JJl l^i ^L o£"^ SOP Ujl^ tj^iU ^T Ufo j^^, 
'tlrr^lj 'J**^b O^-^b "— iP' V' fW ^^ Ui"^ 4 " ^ J^' U^^*b 'fj^' 



.>jZ i-U ji (25) 

■> u* (26) 
■j!A ( O* 1 (27) 



151 



^>UI Jpl J l^iUaJlj j\j^-\ £>L oJb Jai£ 4*ljaj JL-oj «yc-o c^JLil <_~~«M 

j~- ,/rj o - ^ <^J tlr* ^^^i t£^ ^J^ W* ^ii Cjf^ f W>^J\) 
iS^ .Uli UL^I l^ SJbMjJl j^jLj N ^ JjLjJI «i j&j t^JLJI tj^l 

lp» p-Lo tikis' oJdl j>p Sijidl j^ISjJI ^ ^1 iJip -Xsfjy 
.lu-JsJUj iUi-b *»-iJjj Cj^JIj tjyciJi) c^-aJl ^ £^> ( 30 )(j^» : -l b-L- 

Jl (^^Jy tjit^l ^W»iJ ^>J1 vM 1 CS »^ JCu i 3 - J*~\ $&j ^^*j 

bLb-j N!>U (32),^^- ^ ^Tl iJU 01 If .jell.1 i>r j^ fr lW Vj» ^ 

vlA 1 J^ (28) 
jiUJ ^i (29) 

.jy^SJl «-L- (30) 

.Jj/\ w-l. (31) 
.li1?i 50 (32) 



152 



,^\ y6l* ^Uij cMe^-» ^M S J* U >J ^ ^ d ^- 

j ^uii OjUi* ^ ^ y-r^J '*-* & "* ^ ^ Jj " ^ 

^ ^ p-\ Uj ^ ■»** O^ ^ frU * >•"" v/ 8 " ^ ^ 

. CXr j ^\j y6i* r*^>.j >-W ^ J* o^Jr 

aJUb ^ cJr Jl «jJl ^U ^ Ul^ ^ Jiji U 4i ( 34 ^T JUj JUjJl 

.L*L> AiJb ik>l i^ill ajl^-l 

* 

tjjjjl l^ f-L. i-*\c> J}^ 5JLp b» 5 >-^ ^^ ^^ ^ Cr* J*"*- * X * J - 

i5U j, l^ij ( 4 0),l— JT ^ j^\ & ^y)\ *i ^ j^ Jp 0^ 
SiU J15LJI l«kaj ^>l _,! Jd=Lb oLSiil Vj 11 J^b ^* u ^' 1 ^^ 
SyLp «£Ui Lbs- JIp y> L. If tj-JJI ^ J>jJI o/i jl ^l—J 1 >^ ^^ 

.jU jjl .UHl U — .I (33) 

.OsiM Uij (34) 

.jJiJI -A, (35) 

J»y-I >!-. (36) 

OiWW (37) 

i^l (38) 

■W> (39) 

.j$l\ a« jl (40) 



153 



aU> j* Oi^-o,> lift j±* LJI j?&l\ jj, r UI, A'liJU j& Jft j\ 
<Sj~> L^p £Waj N Ufo 0j~>- UJLwj ihjG i»«JL.i O^Cwaj <--JL jl 

ia^'l, aJUJI^ til^L Jj~i cl^iT oJdl ^ ^Lj, J^Jl <j^ ^ ^\\ 
\* ^a; ^1 ^p ^Ui tj^Uil ^U*J j^.1 UBi 0^ UjI^j .aJUI 
^L? ^1 ft LiVl J*. &' tli mr ^U Lf e >j .j^alJ IL^ J-jtCy tOU^ 

c^JaJ ^Jl tOUiil ijW ^*j-^ V ^U. (41)^1* Jlij ciJJi *|j_j U-»j 
jpILI JJb- iUiS} c^iJl i^st- Oj>i juJl ^Uj .JupUI ^U-| L^ ^c 3 

lilij liJbrj lOlioii o £waJ (^JlJI Ol^il Jl liO* lil ^ tjj,lL*Jl Jt 
Usr- aiU JUJJ-I j^ JsLi^lj CjUAjP l^ *^" o£"fo SAP <J L>jU 

tj~»l$il l^i JisAJ 'C^^i 4~k» s^jS* o-L. jL>-y tiJbk -^ l-^iwj 

OjjL>*Jl JIj f .aaJLUI 4jJL>jJ-l Olpy-^ail ^ Ift^Pj tOULU^j tOljI^Jlj 
£jj j\ tOliy-Dai] ajijT l5>>-|j cOIj^I 0*5\^Pj ^j^ iy~*a-: ^Jdl 

Oy^ ^-Ul jj^-i iL^ ajLL. J O^L-ij jjJLII Oy-L^JI 5^5. L. *-*wUy t*lll 

dlii ju* Jly .cyJl jl^il VJ^ <*& tf-Ut JJJiJI JlkJl y.^.0 tou^JI 

l^ij t JUJI^ JJ-I olyb- <i^ l^ ^jj V t^KIiJl ^ jj^T idt iibb 

-tfUUj JUI ^-U Bjl ^1 ^a viJUU .^UiJl OjLJu ^Jl3I \^ L^ 

.( 44 > JyJl oUl ^ ^Jt ^ ^syi ijjdl p—i jp jS'i Jjjl^u-j 

■OVsl' J«j >> (41 ) 

■OwWLH (42) 

.SL-JLJl _il, ^-U ji (43) 

•■**' J U| j* J>J> J,- Jtf, (44) 



154 



oJUUI ^— J.I 
iL-V ^L. ^i tU>- ^Ip j£ -Ul _j!j oJlil jj ^—1 -— 5 Jjl U* 

c * * 

V tr^J <-j>-^ p~ **M c$ J^ 1 j* ^-^ '*s*^ iiwJ^lj ^~l oj\*d *i 

U i^»U JU- Ai>-J .(45)»jlS^ j£# j^sAJ J-fr Jlij «J Ujj tJj^f £^» 
«^L>- ( _ f *«o IjjjT IJbj^-v* ilLft ^$3 -rW-_>i^ j^-^'l £waj d~>- tj\jJ s l\ ,J> 
*JLaj tjjjI^Jlj f-lwaJI ja ZJ& lp» tyr^'lj iJaU b~L- «uUI i^JjU^'l 
♦* l^ i, -J. *Japlj .Ojll Lpi fLj tlgiS" A^jJlii J SS^ix* oJbJLf- oU-L- 
S£Ap ij^ «jJl tyJ>£- oiU- l^ J*~~i Oir^b jUSol ^ £-~~Jl iplw? 

\+Ja*u> tLSLv 0>-^J *&" O* * :> ^ ai '^ (J* 4*>f^ ^^Jr 1 " 1 -r*^ 

If .^Ll ^ iJ-l jx~? jl &UM VI l^U J^^'i^ t^JI Jp 
U if- j*JYl Jl^k> v_~ii-l Oj~>*-~AI c^-^'l 4-» ^i t^n^ ^*^>-Lw- -il^ 01 
ijc^i J& ilpVl J/* V^ _}l f^ k-fj t*LJJ Jl Jlj^l ja i4*+Jr\ ty lop 
5JL. £«iil «LJ JaM < 46) Jt*- JU-SJI V-U J ^Jay .ii-Jl <^JL. Jp l^ 
*3^V! W J<^* t(47) (V^' ^^*" "-^ 'V-^ ^^jf J 'l-^f *^ 

j i^ o^b^u- Ji tjy^i Oj-pj oyi**i ^i^j 'Cr*^' ^j^ <y p-*^! 

ja ^-ii UJl ^« J£'\j \Xju j^\ iistf ,Jp J^*- J Jb-U-I ^li a^j 

'£.£« ij-^^j 't^ 1 o^ c- 5 "^ J -^ ^ '^j^'j "^ , ij« 4 <^ (j - ** 

wLU j^ ^il Oj^J t^l* Jl j£"\]* (jA 4j,jtl^*Nl iiw^U- Jjuj cjjJb-^ll 



...jkl 4 o>l^^ «0>LMI (45) 

■Jb$ >■ (46) 

.5jjyw i,U- (47) 

155 



Iplp i y%\ j£> ttUaJl iojdl Ulftj .Juib wy- tj 4~. jlT ^JJI jL~JU 
iJL^ jlo AJ>j l4jlj>-|j 4jlul ^fva*} ijjiil ^r<a5 Jj^'l <^ -^rjJ 

^jjli j^ ,*-*W- IJLaf 4j> Ujij i<uJL~x5 ioLLlJIj toUU^-lj ij^jL-JL 
** tc%Jl jL^J Jili 5-u-j ciJULU otA^l ^Wl ^1 l5 ^r-yj 

cA*U-l ^ JAP t^aJI jl£ll IJl* ^j '0jjl}^[j Ol>-LJlj t^UaJlj 
_JM ^j t> ai ^^ Uoi Jjaii OK" JU^ ivUWl ^1 & 

jju* ji cjlu i*yii siij jlp ^d5 ^jusj cjit vij : jui ^u j 

J^KJU ii»l£ ipf 4*-L- ^-1 IJl* <^j .4apUo> Aj}*- J>U* tl^l OU-siai 

y ^4*1^ i r \ ^ } g) dy* Jf r+i M tv-i^T 5^ j* ^iop 

. fi L^'l ^ ^ j> **y_j IJ&S&* u&U •->> ^ ^M C/ !)*> 

J^Uj it^l lJU J^j ttly-oj OyC^aj U JS" j* L*-lj Ojijj ^N t^wUiij 
-Ji OjiUI L.I ift«J1 jilT^ diill ^ o^l *4-^j Up L. ci^Jb^'l JUib 

UU-lj t-OLt dJlli 1 -uL. tLp j»jbJb-l jiS' lilj .|^jp ^p (^*>^ (^f*H^ 

4 Aj;L>cxJI oLLjJI J Iji^" ftlTi OjLr^iJ Ci^axJl Ojiw^: p^J tA^-jjj Ji- 
^' 4jjUll tJI^I JS" t^ijiy j*X ji^Ji Ojl^i (yUl ^ iljli.1 01 ^^ 



156 



f ' uM 0" *5\^-*v. jJJi j£. ji jl 4,?™lb Vj ^jhJUL ^-li J ^aJl j^jf 

Jbj-jj «^-->- iJbJli-l ^rli J JjLjc. i4P-Lp J^Jl J^- . J}j51j iL^S" JjLU> 
c^Ua^ll jy. 5*^5 o-U ^ ^U^a- ^J JUl ^-li Jl Jj-*>iy p-r^^ 
li^ 0j~% *)/ ajjUII 01 .JUl ^-li J i-^iJIj ^jhJUl 4pL^» jSj: "V <gM 
i-M^ij t^Jy^- l£j*" ^y'»^i ^ /n^l* cipl-AJI Jo*j *j~> ja J€ li|j cjaJI 
iijjll eJl* ij ^JDl jJ&\ jli 4lji>-lj - J^J5/a5I_J vl/ 1 ^ ftL-J is*-** oU-j 
,J aJ (J^hj jl *,.}*"— J J>- 1 J~>- JlSU. l^jyV* 0^ t» J>j 1-^)4*- «Jj«a4~I 

OJL^I C~9- IkiJJU* J^ JUl ^li ja\ J^JJ i<UAP £^J j* 0-l;J j^I 

j^^jc jL-,1 5J*>\j jl i^-jjJ isi^p jy tA j . ^Zl l Jl ^ijj t/^' *> :: -* 1 ^^ 
^i> SJji CJlS" l*JL^ <Jp Ljh jlT <^JJI j^'l >v u?r Jl Li*- U> l^ jj^il 
^il jl Jb£ Li^iL oLLJl eJLft J} IJL*- do-Ul j>J -l^ji r- jl ^ jj^ 
^\yh Ipil IgJU 1 - jJI Ol_j/ll j^ C-Ujjj OJL-i ( 48 )i;^4aJl UUaj;_y. jJL. 

.U~-l ja (49)Q J . > L.„,U 

jl j^-~il cvVl 3^ j^ jK' ( 5 °)jvS' J-U» -WbU ^Uj Jbr-jj 
iisljjP •-« Oi-**^! 5^1 C-^ ii£r>-l tUij^ JjJJ-I -yt oljil «lj L*wsu 
(^JJI .JiJ^iJl j5J ( 51 )5^>-jjlj 4*JUNl jytivaj lylT cL^Pj ^JjjMlj 

j^x^JlI jUs>j tipL^aJl o^Ki ^jUwm^I :>jp!l jIjlSI e-JL* JL- UU- «S& 

«^«oj tiu»?- <JUU> kiAiil j*-^!*! 'e^* ^'^* l^'S' jjiJl ^ -U*Jl ,_/a*j 

^Uj jNl ^ ^ i-u- Jlj Ly .^AUi^lj ^LJ ^ iiL* i*liNL ^A 

W ijj^ji ^l i^j^aAl iJ»yi tj^ri^ i^U (48) 

j* o>Mi I* vJLwi >JU^I jr a* jjOs- Jl juull jj^jl _^l j ^jjbljvl 3j l r ojl^i jjJb-^l L.I .^[^ 
.(^y^) .[ ,iJJ 3 4-i, jJLS^I ^ly ^U ^ ^Jijl ^LAl oLy 0^-^. lyK" Id, .^Jx^ 

(r*^) •jl«^ll' — *JiUS" _ ^ j^ (49) 

ifrljuaJl jb (50) 

"t 1 Cf 1 * 1 ^ i-ijjLJl J^—y liiJbrf JjLjj t^Jjj-- (51) 
157 



gA- ■& Ajg d}j*u V ^U SJL,J^-I ioJll OlC yUj 

cUpI j^^ |^1j 01 ^ 0^= Vj tX l \y**ki J^ ^^ ^J* 

■rf* ^ ^j)i ^ \j '^^ 

t^Tl J^UJl J (53>cJlJ _>L ilbbj .Jjdil ^-^-j iL«-Jl *i J^.^Vl, 
j Lib dUU £* 0^> .0&. JT ^ ,j->' o^J 'ai*^ 3*y- -JS J*~°- 
JiUl SU, j, 0U)\, i^f j~^» 0jl*4 ^ SSU-^ U*ii ^a^-l ^ 

£liJdl Ijl*- ^ ^ ^1 iij.Jd» a* Jo j£y IflT %jJ1 3y 01 f 
0^^ ^ f JuJ U.I j&j cb> ^ ^ jTuS/l ^i ^ V^U-J 
4 apUM Lpi j^Jbrov. Ulj ^ SJtfli V jiAJI 0l£~Jl ^ ^ ^ yt-jij 

V>*J cf^ ^^ jV 

V> ciiU* ^ £-!> tf^ ^Jf^.y JW 11 o-^ J*-j j ^ 

J*j Jl iiU j^JLy (56)^^1 V U ^| ^jl^J| jjLJI Jl J^aj »iL» ^j 
^LL^JI J[ s? ai!l vM 1 'JJ* -ri» ^*Jb-l cjwwy ^ ioJlil Jl O^JL, 



.S^-l,^^ j^ ^jLj i» — Ji _jL u» (52) 

^jlJ-I _jU yk (53) 

■ (.f-/*) .oUi ojU „->J— ■ i'; r"5*— "?' JLi ^r-- fl « ;: j l, ^4^ 1 -*^-. J^=i ,J ^* (54) 

(^y>) .>^p ^,ic tbJj iliS" (55) 

.5^l-53I o»^»- (56) 

.JjpLa)! 5^a-» (57) 



158 



.<J^U» ji^iPj aJLjujI iiOll ^ 0]^-0j tiijJll ^ »Jwa3_j J-* 0*j Jp 

^. ^ c*)U ja £*\j iJ^J -Uj ^ JL c^-U ^ cff — Jt >■! yr A\i*j 
jJL^ii t">U-j Jw>- qa U£* L-^- jj-li iljl* <J £*> y^ai ^yi < 58 >SfcS" 

jgi ^-u Ji <^jli <«m,m cy -^ ^ & ^j J^ J** ^ 

^^S 6 - ^JLy ._ r «. ^ <j v^-sOj 01 JI iLfr jSUs- j^- iO-dl £ jl^ iibh 

jL>-y *;l JI iiU»Vb «u* jjc ^jdl jua4-I (j-l* iSjj* ^ ^ AJ^-Vl» S^Ip 

Jb Jp i)b» j* £jjy cdllll j*i JI <>j^ C-^ Ol^i A^\y fill v-M 
j,lj UjL. i JUI ^li $ ol*li-. SOp J*-j If .(601^ oAll j^j jy^\ 

tl^IT fcuil j>p 5^ jU £• cJjLLI »*tj oUU-lj ^-jlJdlj jl>-UJlI Jl 

.jjl J JkJb ^S"U 5JIP ^ J*~H «i-^. I^4a- ^ l^* f-U.1 -V*-jj ^1 
01 Jjwj tiiUft j^ «Jl*4Jj ft* - !^ **i>' ^*i (J^ f^ (61) ?^' ^i^ $ ^^ 

wJlp J jf ^Jl CAifjil JiJ^Jb Ip* i/*^ ^' t*-^ 1 ^lu/' 1 ' (i* 1 «J^i3 

y\^ c^i fUi wyi sjulji j_j .oiii jp 5ij*^ ic^ *»^f V^ 'OU-Vi 

tjbr j^ JUI ^-li Jl \^» Jj-o till 0V tjUiNlj ial^»j 5j|_^«w« l^" tjjp- 

jIJ-l 0j-»JJ& tiyvi* jl^-ij^ l- 1 ^ aJL^- Oy^**H ^1^ ^*--»» 4^-1*- j^ 
J s\yk\ Ja*> <Sj>-\ oj** J^3|j ijjj£* 40^^^ ^^ 'JJ-^|^ (_^*^^ 
Jl^w- SOp <ui-J J53lj '(j^'l 4^-J J* 1 iif V' ?r*^ J^= l^ ^-**^' 

•(V-Jl v^ (59) 

.£-uJl jb (60) 

• JV^i of- (61) 

■ul*W (62) 



159 



J 3LLJI v*^ OUM l^ ^ iSijli U»j Jjli- jTlii/l *L» JT ^ 
^U, ^ ,/uSfl a* JQ c>^ ^T Jl J^l ^ ^ 4^4^31 

diJi Ji* Jbrjy .IfK" oJdl u«Uy toUU-j t Jr ^i J* iiU ^ ^jjij 

J ^ ^ >> il i yjJ Jl ^ Jl £jr^ ^ J' t?^ y '*&*$* a* 
•Jl*j .C-^ Ji Oj^i j* ^ C^ 0^1 J--J J>\ Lv& *U 0^i£ fA&\ 
U^JLl tlJbr *i-> 5Li J tjfJ* v^ J* ^r^r ^ £*> ^ °* > ^ 1 

".sj^ij 5,^ f ift a.tr ^l- ^i- v^i cUyi &ti f&\ ^" cJpSii 

M\ ys <*u» s^i u^j 'v^ 1 *«*• ci *&& **& c> &- 
a^ui oJu, j f i*, e-ii w ^- ^ o- u ^> Dtr l >^ ^ ^^ 

01 0j* c^ S>ly jUiilj JjjJI ^ l^ 0>l^j cijl^ ^L-^ cf^ 
^T ijU. J,l j^j^Lj ^ i^^ 1 JM 1 O^i^li >* L* ^i 

J\i ^ oNi ^ Jii^j -^ jj^ 1 J^^- ^^ '^ ^^ & 

.oljy^U l _ s ^-j (63) 

.^yj\ ^ (64) 

160 



JUl i^oj cjy li| JU .Jl^ J^j ^JUI JlS^A\ Jl J^-4 Jj iiiJUi 
.aJLIUs. Sjjy JJUU ^JLU JlLz~j>. ^J\ ^Jbj t *y 

(J 0jJLj*j C<L**~i O^wfl'-j AjU <uSL~j <L»UI ( 66 )^-l ^ilJ; -^rjy 

JLp jl jjjUa?- jl Ojjb jl 0jjU*i jl OjlU* *^ISj '^/^l CJi ^_>^ 
Uj)l j^-^aj (67)^.| ^3^ L^jl ^.^j LJb ^yjl olf I J iJLjk ^ JI*jIj cOjjjJj 
4-^e- jjl^o J^— S^L- 4 *i J-^aXy t^j/ii Jl*P IfJaJL ijb AjL.^,^- -^ 

(jfp 1 ' -ij^j tjj^-Jlj c«^-iJlj c«—*^aJlj A^lib O^-tAiJl <u!p JjLj '(j*^" 
J p^S'lTi j^aii i<dl ^li ^ f-L^J^ jL^Jl JUj cjji^-l ^ If^yU^ 

£j>*Z*~j j^S" j>±>- aUIa J&J>\ l-ij«> ,JoI J J .illlA Ajjjj Jp- jj**^- ^U^J 

^jAj '^-J o-b^c- Jl^l <u« ^-^aJLij cjoL-I <u« f-waj c^JJl y>^~\ JS" 4i« 
U^ll* Jj£j cjUjNl £y\ g* V ^Sbj ciJ^J^I jL£ U-Up cJlj^iJI 

c 

^W^ 1 ._^J c p-r^»j *j-j^j '^jLe-l '5^ ijjJ^ ;Ljo <-ip-lj Ija* c-ii; 

jl ja pL~A J^J Jj V il cAjiUl j>f- ,^-1 jjj SJlp Jbryj .(*-f -^ j 

.jU-S3i (66) 
./*£& y-iJ;, ^is^, j-u jj, !tyi ,^i j^i ^ irs j.i j^, (67) 

.^UiJi (68) 
161 



l»-y Jl^*- 50p Ij- Ja^-j <.~oXJr\ aTJ^JI j^ a^T ^xj i^S" jU-iL Ail« 

t^U ^-i J Ml jU-iMl oiA ^jJbr ^i^J Mj .ipt-j hj- *} ja Ml \^» 

J jl^b A-» ^U» toOil Jl aJ^I 4fyJI £*■ A-» Jp ^piiJJ (i^w- ^-U 
t^J/U l^ JSj^o jl JUy .^ C-JJL^ jjJJI ui 1 ^ 1 <^> 4k-J^ J^L- 
ApLJi JUj Ml LLi Ij^ jl (n ^jC Mj cU.-frlb O^'UI JUI iSj^i 

Jl ^TUJI J^ _,! a^J \^ Li cJ^I jJUi Ji c^il ^ .Ll^ ^iUJI 
Oipjjjil oM iS^ i*|^u aJp j»io- tjj-j^il t^^i V ^-^-1 Jj- j^ OlSC 

c5*->> l^-^^j £-"]/ ^-i^ ^ji» "^"b Jj**" -ry^ °^' (-5 ^j^ 

jiixJl Oj^j '^^« (i-^lyj v~Li L*jb l^l^L- OljJl Oj£j *^~£ ,<>w* 
jjil jl^iMb ^j^ ( 7 0) l/ ,U ft L^| jb-t ^ Jbr«^. iiL»j . g .\,5.,..->JVL ^ 
jj— (JU^- ^li 01 aJ jiJlj LLaS' jlS' ajI j&j cisAdJl oJL» <up t-5^- (J/»> aJ 
ai* ^Ux» '^^4 ji* - ' j*_J ^L* lS^JI c JU^JI jy»l >*J^ ^ il)\^>- *-» /ii 
^i Ob ?vjs<aj ykj OlS^t JT" (_) (^^ jUaili to^o; aJ j\pI a*l»p ^ ft Ji 

!^!) k? *y^5i c^^ °y^]3 ajjW.i <^>* caj j^jj 4jI) tj-^»Ni _^ J^i ^ 

J^oj ij*2Jd\ J} oilp jcij tiJ^i^Nl J$i i^*-i J[j J,M' ^W ^rji 
A*>*ii-I^ AJJll JSLJlI J s\j*, jilx. ^li 4jV il*c ijJdl a*-)/-j f l.us» 
AiLU ^ .Jili-I jl o>b Ml ^ ^ M Oi->l O^ TJ^ 1 J**3 
0^1 Jp ^^-ill ^ jV JJ olj^jJO Al^iJl JLfli ijli^ yh ^JUI 

.... jtl c fJ tllj cJ^Jlj ttr jLlj IV J^J1, 4J >1, .c-ilJIj c£l^l ^ ^ jULl, ^WIT ( 69) 

■™j) y (70) 

162 






c^bU J* ^ik* y>j t^Ull ^gPJj to^l o^ j>-\ £U J^Uilj 

4,^> jpL -u-Jj y> y^JUj .ijjdl j S,aS0 t5j^* tl)^-* Lib yfcj i^Up^/I 
a#j\I j& JL-jj t^^fv-Jl j ?^Jj olJ^JI (^ji ^ Oft' bj c^^xl .jy^jj jl 

i^4- dJLb Oft' J}j 'fr,c^ (j*^ Oj^-Maj pJty c4>b Jp L-jXjc« *^*j< 

Lu. / *ji- Ujj . jJJi jj 1 ^ ^ 5JlJi*Jl 0U (W^-l ^j ^1 *J^ dJJi -*J^ h-& 
ja\j t^UJl fUl J-- u*Jr\ j^dl ^0l blj .JJi ^ ^ ^ j. 01 
■ --/*; j I Lw^ c^t>»J-l <*J (_-*«>- cOljJL^- S»Xp 4jJLi ^jy J?fc«Jlj oJli^ 
ijjLiiA -laj\ji*j loj\~Jl> Oj-U^ (*-r*J • ^^S * J&- ^yr jl ^-^ -rV^I 

-Ixi; i 0| oft' j^-j «uJ- Jsj— £j\jjjaj, y\± (Atf'lill ,^J ci^'l jjf- jyJ>Jl 
j»UI Vjl J^ cl^ (-i/tf-l (^>-l iCfr jl cii-^Jl L>-l -^ Jb-I aJUr- liU . Jlib 



jh? j* J 1 * u ^iii ^ jii (7i) 

163 



c 

ft) *»! ,/a ' *j>ry .1^jI*j ^Jl SjjiUM >-^- ~» &y& ^\ <*~*J y> ^p^i} 'ji*-* 3 
^ ilL* 0^ bl j& t( w^ iiU ^ ,1 0» t^JUL^ Jl jvyM Jl^t 

jA^oj -^JJl ^ <u~aJ ^UJl J^Ij) .UJaS -Jlj^l j^UaJ ^ ^1 Jp t/^J 

bl Vj^l cftliMl J*- 1 ^ *Al£ 01 ^Ull j^^c^iJL.1 IT^UJI J^ a. 

,4_jp iai-i jl <u* *^\.Jaal> 4^P Up- 

i3^'l oli jl t-3^'1 4*~* (JjLJ ^jl ££, Jej^ IJLi i^-L* CA^lAil i~*\J- 
l*+£*- ^P lfr\ ^ \2>- ^ uj-P^lJl SUiil y'L-j ^ill Jb^L, ^ (73)JUi. 

j\ cj>i3l ^.U-l J ^\f ffi t Jb-LAI sl^tf ^j tOjiUl U iJ*U 

jjj^. Juujlj t^^ j^-^'b <v>^ ^^ # c0b»w ^-Uj J^-j* 
yj> "V, oU^I ^ ^ ^ ijV JJ o-iil jjp Lib O^o < 74 >j->» j* 
j^j* Jb^o.^,Uil ^ -k~** t* C8 -^* •j^*'^ J 5 ' J* (^ <-^ ^* -^ c~^ 

Lp w-^t blj .bjjt jl Laj>1 J dj-. ULi i^il oi» ON c<4^-l ftLtl ilfr 
^ ^15 fcTJli* Oji cjJ-l J l$JUi i-^J, ^j i*^* C~~J a-^5 J^UJI 
ft Li \iU» axaJ^j fjJUj cAiikil aULJI *i oN —5*: l^ Up O^SC Sj twJlT 



.gU-i UU* ^. UU 15 Jili, .^.Ui (72) 
.UU* j> j.#> 10^. oipl 4 j^.i (iSoii) jUdi ^.Ui (73) 

.iL^Ji Jjup *_i ^ (74) 

•JV 1 j» (75) 
. i vi-t' *~i yk (76) 



164 



jl Jp-JLlI v^l^ '-^ >iJ^' ^^ij ■V u ^ «-JwaJ aJJj <uU *^~jj '^^ 
Jb^Jj V ^xJ ctlj/Jl ^ 4jU.U ^c-j toJil d\£*> tf Ajlib jol 'ttj/^I 

.JS~*>y a^UaII sLiVl yL-j 4^-U-jlJIj t^iJ^ tjy«-iJlj $>t»iJI ^ ^^ 

.JwaJ s. :>«JUj troi <-*j^>- JS" jP (t/^) ^^ fci ^ 1 ^"^ 

oU-LJl ^-^^^vJ^kJcoUpi ,v ^S^p **->• _jl ^^p LjI L*jb 4»*~jj cilJi 
.J-ilSdlj jyljil 0151. JS" J Ua^-lij t4jJb Oy jjLl jjji \ja\ tJ^Kjdlj 
_jl Ua*JL cA>jj> 5JLP £^l wJ^ Ji^-I J ^*l v^ J- 5 ' b* - Xs ?3 ^b 
viJJJL) *^Lij*J.I Jl LfL-j|j 4*JL-J\ _)^>- ^ cj>-l t\j9r\ <j\ Oj-5 cJsj^JI 

^yjl S% JJL« z*-^ J ^llstJl ( __ r iJ jj^y .AjjJLib iLbj *Jbl o-Ia l^oIS" 
Jl • ^ ■> * J4X1 ^ >to- i*)L*ajiJ Lft l^s JjJaJl J ./a At jl Uijl IJjtj tL^JJ 

dJULU pJ>yu 

Sr ' i>* ^J* 1 ^ (^= ^^ ^ -^J '^J* 1 ^'^ l/ 1 ^ 4^ ^ 

iiyi ijJb- ^_~~~j ' c / 1 ^ oJl» _* LJIp ol olij JL* aSJU jlij .LJy^>- 

. g'\j <.4Ji**j£; JiuJI oUj •-* JliJIj '(T'jVi ijLu^ws^-j i_Jul JbJL>-l ji^lij k\JL 

4^3 cJu-UJLi jJl ifli^l Jp SjtAp t^jU «Uj JlJI Jp JMI^-Ui j**. 
JUS'I J J^pj^ air' 1 '"-' 1 ^r^ 1 j^J -Jr^V Jl **• (^" ^' -^ 

y OjJ-ij j»UiU Jl£~Jl j> Ljk bJlP Ua-^ <-*y^r\ (Jp iiidJ 4-*;t>Ul 
l^j^-Jb cSr^"' ^W'b ''-^J 'l*" lj t--5j 4 \c*j t^j 'i^tij tl^xii 1^«.JL>~."jj 



165 



-^ OK" jlj tUiS" ^pl i,j_j oi^ Jp J^aJ-l ^Ua^l ^ tOj^l ^«-i 
jUJl J^j cl,- fApyjt Jl jn-ji. N . il tb,_jb JLs^ L.jJLi U^b'^Jl L^ 

jp j^jj ^iiy ji *u, jr o^ijj ^u- j ^^ju o>U£ ^,^i 

tj^v^. ojL-l L^jj^ c~>- i.^ — il (♦Jojy JL^ V_>U£ jj^-Jj .jy«-=Jl 
jiyi^j 4-**- j^IT Oj-^lio .^aJ^p OjlTli cj^hjb j^ ^If siisljf jooj 

CjUK^Ij OUUJJl IjuSjt CA^Uob 4*-^ 4^k* ^^- jjial^ Ct")Ljl AjLtC 
^ ^jW J>- (i-J-i-Jj -^ v_-aIJI ^ (7 8)^1 ^.^ \^j c^lfilj 

<-jJ~S -—*JJLj ojjk* 4L?r it^l p-$*?Jr 3 <-^r^j J 4jaiJl _jl wjhJUl 
tOjlJl iJliyJlj 4jj^iJl aJLJ-I ij}J~\ Jib Sljai. W ^ jy 4? ***** C J^J 

^/rij .i^ir i^u* ouispi jp jjl^" tji^^i ^ ^ oui/. i^i> jj 

4-i i*i_uil *^l jb JrtPJL* cJlxiJl Jup j^v-l^l ??>/-- 4japl Oy=)j «.LspI 
yj~\ jl c^JJs.N'1^ c^^jJlj cj*>l ja jKf-i^ -J-^ 1 O^J (t^rf Jy 1 
iayr p,^Ja,n.^ J^P yrl^-|^ *Jtj~J\ ^JsAaaj cjl^iVl oii^ j^ La^ 

^ j I wjU-l ,J J^JLk^j .y>tii*-l «l t_ju^Jl tj O^^* L£jz$ Lx^r* 

t « e - „, " " « " ""' -■-' 

jl IjlS il j-wai ^1 Jfy.}^ ^/a^i ^-s* J*^: '4-sO* jl wJfci j^ iJp C4^v*^" 

U*"^ ttJu«Jl 4JL?- ^ ^J?liJ tjJJiS" 5^-li ^>-l aJL^- J ,jJUJj jj 

^jj 0j1»j4j .isiajiJl jl v_-jhJJl j^. 0^5" txjUv* 4J ijajf ?\y£; jlJijJLiw* 

.oUxJij oUUiJU i,vZJbyJ-l« i->j))lj t^>j_...ll« '^ji/i'j i^y U» <77) 

^1^ (78) 

166 



A*w»l5 ^LJaJI j>jL>- ^ I5jj>j cUai ^ip Si*. Ujt oy.1 y>-J. ^ 1>-U, O^U^ 

CJlT Olj cjSCiJl 11a Jp jj^sr ^-jli «-3NT" JtyJ Silp JUfcLioj 
Jki^j .aL«V o^ bL*- d^axt ^K" »3Nl iu- ^ U5^« S-SOll i«S^S3l 
lit t£>.| ^ &' c^l^x-Vl ^ Jl dllll 0j£ J S^UJI S>**-Nl «Juk SiU 

cjU*Jl I^Uaj ^1 ^ j»-*l i^a>) p-jJ^lj i^L-Jj ^ &|r^ \c^j ^b 
Jl ^jlsAl ^ ftlsf bl ^53 c^Tl liUJ, cSjJ iftrtf jl OUfU ^yt-lj 



J ^J ^53 ca*. Ub j^^^ij t^^-1 *fc- iAii jp S£U aJj .^j-j 
J ^53 v^ 1 J**=-i *' IT -*s& (^^ v*-i '^ ^ *-V 
.i>-U-l jlp JUdVl ^Jz. jj! Oji^y (* J ^yb- 5 <j ^r^i M '-^* oL-Uil 
^J (^> O* <\^ <^ °^ ^J tXi J^ </ Cr* d S*i) tJjj?^ ^*^ j^j 

iy y J^ 1 "^^ c^ *!r* '^ ^ r^^ >«^ u^ tfta^ ^*^ 

^ .e-^jJVj X' ^JLr^ ui-^ 1 o^^ 1 l/ 1 *^ s-L^-^ tftlj^lj ixJU.^1 *^- 
(^1 0w?Ux> V (^i "-^"J •*! IjLr* 0l£» c^i J bL-i d^i-nj JiS' ^yA* 

" C c " * 

t^U \jjj& jl — j/^l cJUa b| ^^jL-I OjS/y ^jL. Jl t)jij« (H^i* j^ 1 
^j tJUiil ^ j^Tl jbiilj ^_-?d5 (.5^^ OjJjcu^* ^j .J» L^« ft^ 
JaJULi ^ 5j^ j^rt, .^MS3i J^i; If ^'1 Jp o^ 1 ^ 1 J^ ^'i «V^r. 

JL^ ^jli v^iJl ^i>P Jb-b jJJII ilJL*b Cyjij jjJlJl cOLi*- ctJJU ^<4j 

"^i iilJi a>j t«->^T*»u-J jl Sjlx ^ /Tl IS^I dyl£ ^''j*r^ tftUaa^l 

r Lc^' ^1 0151* ^ jl ^U^j ^li j* Ji- 1 (^ c^s <y \^Ji $j>±. 

. *j <J?i\ X^j^- j\ 4*jjI (j^. oilp -J. ^pj i^ ciJjJl Ua 



167 



ciNjJI Jlj ^Jb f\* Jtfl5 h\ij; Lr J ) ^-U i&U: j>ly»j JLp ^i- 

uu ti^iai ojSU £* cj^jj ^uji s-juit y. (^jui ^i j,1j *ji ^^ 

01 ry yw?l lJUfc OK" Olj .4jj)_ji?l^ll JL^P Jj S:Ap U-Uio jjjj 4*Ji>J 0U 
01 <u£jC ^j)jJI OV <«JLp J-^ai-JLi ctJLLLl o*i* tji-^l\ >-■■. ^ a - vU U^ ^2j 

.Aji. ,Jd>- flJUJl -Uc cLUli Ji. .upU* c~*-j 

^r- 31 !>*>- ^ ^ b 1 ^ ^ °b ^l^ 1 «> oif 15 !A °i r* 51 ^ 
ok" oij t^Alii oji^ J \jjL oi o>*£ ^ is^Ji aj» v^ 1 ,jJ y -4>j 

01 O^-j .j^U A^U UL^I (V^Xu OtT *it Jp ^L caj^- JU j^-.AJ 
Jp ^-Ul O^pJ ^ lu^ ^ «V*u prj* <»&> JjZft ^> 
jp y >" f^JUi U i^j .(^ U J& j^j^ Ujsp Oji^oj tl^-i pr*^ 
Ji. OjUij tC~sMj d^JI j* J$* Ojj j^dl Jxi< Oj^L. iSy? jl a^ 
cOi^dl ^ jS*1 OU J l^J j^S Jt .s*-\J\> AJ>ii ^ SSU.L diii 
luJVl cuJJb L^ ji^ Si\>- J Ub ^j£J pri j*- c*4aJ^ 0>tfj M 

j»jfcj colp Aiyco ciwiUil JLp j^* 1 -^ l^jji^- Lsi2jl t\jAj\ friyb Jy*j«i-*y 

^ L*j \ OK' 0[j t(,jfciJip ^^a^ N jjJJI JL^-I ^j 4(4^1,5 Oail Ol^L- 

'{&\)J33 e-\r*y\ **J* OLiI? ^y lycwi^i tJjsxL^ ,«$... ail Ij^jj r^i)* J^r*i «^' 
Jjt JLp Lpiii Jp JLii J^-l j- jj-^l jLyJi 2^L. ij^Jl JT oM tOjll^ 

jl^xJlj cUpVI 01* iiA3i JLp c*4jL>-I (J i^-l 5JU- iyxisaj 01 p*y\j ^~ 

Utf^P l^i>- lj)>^ 01 (< ^.^,a>lj 0j-^>/o *j^Ll« AJjU* O j» . Jfl . M » o V jji-^l 



168 



<t~A JjIL Aiy J* flL*jJI ait: J-^J ciJUJLI pL U \y-tiu 01 jl *,,*• 

V j^l i>-;jd l-~fr« 4^J dJL>- Uj^X* 4l«»- (^iJl ^(fiiJl tiiJ-l oJLa J,l 

*^1 <jjJL2x*j ~^V t*J^jP jl Cull OLpI *t^» «-|^ t^5» S^LIaU x/^' J^" 

J oUI/M «JU v^y I lill* d\j**l\ dUi j~~£>j JbuJ daii (^Jl ,jt>^_} 
*JbjS^o j j>- t^j^r....—!' obx« ^Ssj IJl*P VfjXiij { jj\ ts-j^iJI dJlA jLftil 

■( 79 )*^uAj Oji»jy Ojp^oj 

0yO.,<aj t^— Oil LaupI o^ Oir*" -j^J Oli/J^ 4ja-"U{ ^Li ^i* L^ j-Q't^j 
jiJUl 0L->Ji Jo 5jS> (\jh\ ft Vj* Sji JT . ^i ^ Li O^Li* V A^Uil 
it*- iiU- ^jj JJS jjj viJJi i ^3 tjjiiJb O^voJ-l J OtiJll Jam ou^iUj 

".fou- 

^L^j ^1 #j» &«)U 

4*^UL1 0j& d~>- cLiJL-l If to^L^- j^IT L^il^ UlJsu;^ iljL. 0| 

VI v^Jb u^u V ^%-Vi ^Jl jV ih\Ji\ ^A Jor ^ U dilll c) 

A*j}U! ^yJI j ^ |l ojj cAJyJl v-^ 1 ^ (^-^J ' 1 -^* J* l^Jj (*r^- 

vj-b; oV^i jij ^ a^u-j c^u-i ^iri ^ ^^ ^C (^11 ti^jdij 

dJUi JT OjSCjj c'j^Uj 0*j O^iL; 01 Jp CjU>-Vl J?- Li ^JJl iJjJlJI 
.iJUll C-y -Uj Oyo*aj U UU ^V .iJUi .o^iJ l^*j 1 0} iiJyA*- OjJb 

AiLI Olk-i *JI ^ Ir _ 4JiUr _ lA,i, coU-J.1, -oyJ-ll OLcJ i^p ^ ^ jjjll ij>Ml( o^ (79) 
•((^r') ■[ *-— y ,>- o* f^ 1 U* J U Jp ^Jwll Jl it-U N ] ( f «5UI U*) J-jt SXi- (80) 

169 



| J>- l-Jj^ JU-j "*J| L*^~o jl Jjl4j top^li UJLft aJ ^JLii tiSjjuLjj oJj 
Njl *J» c^-li i^iiT -iU- J Ja-i j»Jkl j^jL jjJJI 0[ .IJLr»- _/»^ J^ O^-*^ 
^1 Jlil ^^ijj OL-^I ja JJliil j^iJI -ulaJL, c~^ dJLLc ^AJI yj^JI 

jjjiiij .^i jl-JIj 5jiii >ii ^jir 5^p j,k <i^ fyjdi vJ^j -^ 

JUJl ^ .OL*-Nl ^JU J j>Ji\ j^\ {\1a frig ijij^\ 1LU- ijlic y> t^JJI 
.^l^lj ^ly j»j ^jJIj — 'l^ ^^ Jh**J Oj-aX t^liNl jUii 5*lic 

«.*>Ul jl OL-yiJl ^ i^P Jp ojtAp ipjtiJej OUo A-JUdi iiaJL. *r^ 

vU^i ^ j^i ^>j .^f-4-i £* dUii ^oi oi ^i j^iii tju4-i & ^ 

05»A*_} (8i)0L-HiU tal^i Oj^w^aJ uiJJJo Oj*^ -^N ci-j^JLll k££$\ 

*>u ^ £~o of ^ M oi^ 1 o>*>i jV* >*=> <r*j^ j* r^^i 

Oli OJp g;i ^^ jt >U Jp ^1 M ^ M N 01T lijj .^Ul 
<Ii iSU 01 f .ii^J^ ^\j\ JJLy dJAi dUU ^ ^ j* cr-A 1 ^ U 

J^j ^ ^1 Jl JUJ1 j&- lilj coNUu-Nl ^ -tcSJJJlI g^_ oy ^. 

v>— *■ 2^1531 Jjla o^lj JT ON t 4«J, jl «-.•**' v— >■ eJj ^ pr* ^ 

d^A ,y^\j ^^ ^^- ^^ ^ l - >"* lja ^- J '^ 1 ^ ^" 
^^ .^1 ^j^o ^ jU^ O^iy *^IU OlyU J\ C UWI JM-t 

Jai.1 lil ^Ul Oj^. .dJJ4 C-^J ^> uJT -V^ f^» V^ ^ ^l 

>ni dU, ^^ s-^ ^*% '^ u *-•> '^j r*^ cH 1 - '"^" s -^^ 

•JM-' ^ J (81) 

.(p^*) [ '*** **&■ 4 M ^ ^ u^ ^^ ^ 1 
170 



(Jpl -y 4+&jj& t^l^- ry ops' Jj-iaJ OjAjAp OjlLL LyOjl illiftj 
)^*f .bhJ-iJ LL»>- iSTLsi iJaJp <*-*jp-L 'y**" -^^ oLii-y '(U— •' ^j- 4 ^w* 

(Jj** l^ Jb-ljJl L^ \ JJL>" 5xj/ lf^ 4 ^W** L-I^l OjJUJaJl &Vy*> 
01 ^-jjJ ^*y I^Jji ^ tj >-M v_jLU J ^L*, j^ Jop £. t Jjk 

oWl ^ U^pj tJ> .^ilj Jl^'l ^ JUJinJi S.jiU-1 ,_§ Uijt -i^-jjj .ajI^I j\ 



1»D J 



^\jtt\^^ *\J)1\ j\S ub ^ U,, ft Ui Vl ci p_ V, .os^-Ai 

jS3 tLU^ ^ jl 01 <*LJI jj^li. Jl J^Aj 01 (JL^ ^N ^ V 
i%Jl oLu- 01 Uj .jIjJI i.JuL IfJl O^UJb ^J1 di5i5j Ois*^ 1 <Sj&\ 
<uU»- li^l^l ol^Uil ( _ / k* i A3j ^ .Jl^^TI om^iJI 0l» tj-sJl ijlp j 
j£r \ i,^ ^ Oj V Oir blj .Oi-^~ll ^ Jp LjJl J^-jJI £jc 
ja£\ (O^cui 01 siLJl ^oj ytj ^ol^ jt-^L.1 ^gXv. tl^i »js. slJaJYl 
01 ^ Lb tiljlll y'L- ^ j \, <up Vj ol r U ^ S^. ^ jl (^JUI 



.4J 



^I^Ljti ( »g» >Tt j t^p-^jj ^tt iijl» %f 

v_JIp J 4,-L 0^4 V tL^il iljL. ^ ^jytT t(J -U ii^JL. 01 
jUa^-dl J,l Oj^ij d^^ iwLl (»jjj tv^Jl ^uSlI V-L* j VI t0U-Nl 
0b OLpS/I^ JU*JI cMiji^\ ^j-Sj j& iili il .^LJl Jp I^jp lil 

c U> I jb iijU< 83) 
172' 




Jb-lj J& Oji*y 'p-^" f^ c? J5 >^"' f^ *-*•** ^-^ O^a-Mfl^l -WL^Jl 
^U- jijT ow.ioJll ^ rjA' ■*!>' ^b •'^Ir'J ^^^ v— " ^^* 

.0*^1 ^Ij ^r* : ' (*-fr*^"'J iSUaill^ ^USjI^ oUj^uJI <_r2i> i «-f * : "i ? 'OjpWI 
<ul«l j>-»y -i^* S»L-w» (Jp a^UjIj aJL*I 4*Uio ij^J^i \jy*+a* liiill (Jlj <■ 

^T^L-c ^ t^l v spi UtAUl JjU. V, LJU 4^j ^j Jb-lj j^U- J, 

j»^i«-« iijiil U*-L>-lj jj^-U CjJet- <^JIj J«*>=J t*>y ftUaPj <-o*\fr Dbw 

*^ft- 4Jk>- -^ i*jt\»>j*\ \js\j ,*JaS lijj .^kl U^L»*X~o 3 i*-r^ tJaiii 5^)15 

IL 'UjvdLj *i ^X>- i^l^-j ,, .g tfM«£ <ub>^) C)jakJ (jwhJL-sii^ OVfiu' -uJj>- 

.5,^11 (J 0ji»>*-j OL>yl)l yL-j Aj^W a^L-^/I oU, 

<u-\j Jp W^ JL~« viJUL. (j\ ^a.) N .<u-U j^ y*il L-U Oj^j A;yil^ 

L*Jb-j A_x~J*i ;L*jaP -uUj tij^tdl dJiil (L^- ^Ji> t3j)^ j*-^ 
^ \\ cl^J 1^1 jjj ti^b^ tfi j lr U/j jlj-l ^ Ja/ ^ V 1 ^ ^" 
SJUpI OUvj t^ll Uli»jj ^ ^jt Ol J> 5^. W5 VI jJiJ J>- ^US 
^Jl^- JT j^ ^-jJb" tO^l'Vl oJJUi* 5^» oll;j t^bi^ ^y^j i<~>\* 

Ja^yi Jj .0^~llj ^1 OL^I 1^-Oi Ulj ;^ V, 
-Vl -^ U*JL>-I Jm*j d\)j^ i*-j5-l oJlAj .^yrj 4jL~Jj liiUJ iik^ 

u* Jf j^ (j^ 1 ^ij 'J^ 1 Jy* °^j^ l//^ 1 r^- •^ ^^ ^ 

<d?Lsi» ^*jj|j fW^ dJLLL' j^a* Jy- -^jy -cfJ-J-i-j ^ oit> i ,yf ^f- \^js- 
c~j) dJUi JS' ii*-j Jj .wX_JL3l <uij ^JiSI j-ii-i (J^aJl j^ l^ii* Af-y^aA 




173 



iLL-l ^ W jl Obil jl^l dUU! i^ r U a^y .^111 JJa-^VI 

t^ajw l^Jfl*' aL^:.* OLp oM fL>- uj tj^^-o .>***>* 1 3JL-w« 2JL*^ SjuJl* <ujJ 
.Ol^II t/ a«j jj^ VI gi J^l ^V ^11 c^JLULI W- ft Uj j£ii C^ 

jr & tJ UsJi o^ o^ii ^iy ju^j o^uji ^ri— u^i CJ u j, 

.i-jW- Jf 
£*^i V, i£>L. Oyu ^ tJJUl J> iLUil 5^ Jj>- **»\j}-\ fUuj 

If .4*,jj J 43^>w*i j^l OiUaiil OUVl ^tf-y ^-/-l JlAii VI aL^ 

>L^li CJ U v^bT r y; JJJI Ji>j co^WVi J^>- U.I i*-]^-i flsi 

ilWl 0L-> ISL>-I fOkvaJ Irl ^ ^ jjP f Uo* j£J ca^jJJI JUpI 

Ojj-i JLSix! jtl^w- tiuJl *Ja«^ (J I^U^o 01 liyii.1 <;VjA 3^1p jvy 
^_oJj J...sall ^ p-r^j' J*- Ojyiay -v!/-^ 1 «>* (^LjU, »_^U,V jl ciJjjJl 
^ jl jj^i J>jj tiJbs- *>US VI £^_ V JU-I dJUll 01 U>- .£>^Jl 
UJup 4*^4-1 fji Vl ^gjaj V *J-~£ tjji^"!^ jl t/"^ ^*i tflp^aS l}^" 5 J^"*^ 
Sja*- 1^ aJUpI j^o <uli dliJ .Ub lijJl^ V iJl* ( J^>-j iJL>-*JJ Jl v*-^ 
»-«V lJJLLjC 4jl Uj .4J j^^ll^l aJLiJ ^ai ^y oy\j\ (t-fja*y toi|y» jl AjLjI 
Vj r-U»^-l Oj>X> lfty«ij \^ffjij Jl 3uj -a5I CU& l*^«j taUlpj Jl^*l 
t^^-i^l ^Jlmsjj tyijJl ,-* 5jjWI «uj^ailj .^AiJl ^ dUj O'S' If .J^>-r 
1-lP U <.J\j ji3l «^jjy (84)0UkiJl gkj Jjtj tiyH ^SU» Jjl l$^ 

f, «UI jJjJI <iU blj -jiji^j ^-1^ j^ frlJ^I VI l^ Jl^JjV Jl oUAiil 

C-jp- (lUIjjI) a^-L-^ JT ^ JLs^lj 4jI J} AiLstfVU .0^*1 iSy* ^* ^y. 

^ jjU j^Jr\ yg j* ij j$3 oys' jr ^p i^j t(85)Ujj via* 



.sJU-i y*Ji j* Lii jip s—^-j iiu jy- (85) 



174 



jSi Sil# Lib Lpi Ulk; ^1 JLStixJifl OLU-I 0>i ce^ Cr . iu- Iji* 
V ^ \&~*l <*-* JW" ■iiVxA ^ . JUI J ^^o ^ oJL^. L. ^aj j^ 
Jl Ju>! . J^JI J l^ ^| ^ ^i 0l r 0lj C ^J| ^ jtf ^ 

<~ c jail Jl£, Jp ^ ^1 ^'l ol^ ^Jr\j J^ljdl IJL* 

.U^i Jjjaj <^l ^ Sjpj cOi^}^ 1 ^j^ 

(H-^*J i/4i -^ 4*~> oLs^ f\f W t JLJI cJu^aXv. Jl J^aJ cJs^l 

i^U c^-Ul oU, ^1 Ul, .U, o^-jxi c_>^ y ^ ^ y u^ ^ 
li*j\ Oj-«L ^li Jj-I o^ j^r ^JDl ^Ul A*jJj\ i^ jjbj.yi 
J» ' Jj>'l £>l j, ol^. l^y, cs^li Jl j^j cJLif 2^1 oli "o^S 
Jl J** Ji-Vl ii^ j,Ui ^ ^ Jyl^, lufr j^Lj .^ O^J ^ 

t^ 1 VnA 1 ^ '(g^) J^ o" * ul ^ i «Wi M i^ Xi 
^ i>-^ <^p ^u^ Aft > c u^ >r o^J j* ji ^ c^i 

O^f 1 "Jb -^ u-^lj J» i-ii-o jl < 87 %*> iUai Uu^j cjL-Nl 

£- tUl ^^ j, Sjy*i 4^1 j| c^, ^ ^1^ ^ Jli (J^L.) ^Jj 

j^Jl *«*=• i^i, ftL^-f oUUp ,^-^Jj tUl^-l jlf ^1 l^ JL, gi^f 

cU^Jl J^i J J^Lcyy .OV ^ jl C^ ,^-jjj Jp Vj^JU cl,^ 

lytT lil^ .Jjtfy j| ^s ^^ ^ ^ ^f ^ ^j^i 
iji^Jl J LJb J>^l ^ ^| ^ ^^ ^ ^j^f |^_j ^^^ 



.(-.Ull U J^j., Uy JyU ;il)or Jll^j Nj t( J, ^J ( 86, 

.y^i jLI_ J (87) 



175 



J ^}-y <uja~« AjJU-Ij JlU-I | _^ii jV aaJo iaJ; lili^-l OLwaJl (J Ojl*~jj 

U OjSCk V ^JUlj .3jjJI Jl *>LU aJ_J Jjc jj, c-Sj^- ^ ol^- o*W*S" 

Oj-U^j t?- t^.lL A^-^i Ol^X~- jy«^aj jl t«siL«J OijyJ^j Ol^w/ Aj Oj^o 
i_T°^ t ^ -?' l/^** 0"* ckjlr".? '^Jr^" j' jL>j' *- J ^ sSzj" <^Ufiu 4jJj>-b 

fit 

otAJi j^SO tj>-J-l ajIp (J jjAj tL-^L* Lj*5l* L-U ^L-JI t^wiy 

tiur ij>-\3 cUiaj 0^^** 0***^ Cf^J^ '■Hj '^^f^ ^LjIh-^' l/T t***'' 

^_jl^i-l j_^a> aJj t/ 1 ^* ^ i^u& j\ jU*- l$3j»j '^^r^J v*"^ l^ry^A 
j\ Jaj) jy?- j* Jay^i £a tU^P JSI If^O ftUaP jOi aIjjIsj 'C^* Jj^ 
<1~?- '(^J^ iil VijKj .JxJtJl jj-^i jl*i-l J £j~^ ^Uy>- Ojl* 
olji olJL-JJ cpUJl (j£\ y> dJJj .i^ai jl t_-J»o j^ aSLc oliJb~ Jaj/ 
7-yr jl jjf- ,>« liUa** s\z£j\ J j^** JL> ^j^J tt_jt- r s<aJI <,J »>-.^»<.?-jj i«_-*«JI 
l^i C-SJ ty^-lj y>lj ~~*JJb r )fSll ^->l>t, Cj^l Jjp- 5jj>. (88)0> 
^ S^U Ob) j^-Ji; J* t^way -J>-SJ' ^p^ < 89 >^)l/j h*** jbj 1 

isl^lT JUxl-o, .IJbr cAy 3 J^- ft ^r oi^Jl diJU 0j£j 01 Jp 

Jy>- ol^ *^jl jl o^* jjOJ tiLjL yUw? dJJ^j 01 tj^ijw o^O tc^-1 o) 

•^ S^U^j t^yrr^ lit t j^0 tlj,lp JLJI tjlj OjXj \^-j clJb>- isUlj luJb-l 
ON c<L«v <31— Jl 1$*-* jOJ tlo^- i>-j^> ^jl* Jylr - O***^ tti»L«JjjNl 

tlJbr- *pLJl JlU-I ja AjJU-Ij Jl*^j . JLJI <Jwa^ Jl N[ J-^aj ^ (< >$~»U 



.y^l jl (f, 



176 



<*-~s*-. <iLaJ ^aj ci^ j| .^^ ^ ^S jjL-l JJl^Joj tjjlil ^~b jyiail 

J jjL-Vl ^ ^ff.\ \*\y\ jj^, .^ JT ^ -^ jl^- VI jA ^ viJLiJJ 

^l ^^£jl olilkj ob^Jl ^-j oU-UJI ^^ oLI^pVI jku^Jj 

If -dili J S^T «ljl jo£j cbLl ^^ jliJl ^ ^ ^jbVl^ J^Vl 

a)i jl oU*~ t ^Vl J o^o^ jl jy> 4>i -^l r: >Jb ^1 

eLJl i^j ^p Jyj jl U^Cjc L. iJLa .lil^ L*V zyA <U^ ^-I^JI yui -JUa,, 

.AJsby- oliC-oj^. j^j ( _ r Jj Oj^j j15C c^JUl oL-UJl 

^td dijl* AJLP iibji? 

Jl£jl UjU, ^11 i*^Vij 
toVLfcJVl 5p15 Jl o*>\p |^UU JIj Ij^b 01 ^-U iljL. SjU ^ 

,^JI fJJL, iJIjVj .luiU-l Jl^ ^isl, VJ UVI ^Vl oU l^ikJ c l^ 

,>* <t,> u ^* c -^ (/f^ f 1 *^ *^ **^' ^^ e^ £•** J (.pW /»ukJi 
b b -^ J* >M -^}-hj tj^ui V* ^J* j^ J* £>y t^jSti j/^ 

■»_. <ajj ^waill ^j ^jki 1^ ^Jb 01 JI*jj t^y—JL jAJ l>w?U lata jl*? 
villi .*1T JyLl ija ac 01 Jl *>Ui 4s, ^ t^j^ ^JJI £. jJL iJ| J^. Up 
1^- tiUi Jp Sj^ t^l ^Jvij .^Jl J ^ jyS/l lit ^UJI J-JuJl yk 
^JaaJl *i» OjlSTi tJilyJl^ t> ^JL Sjji^ UJai Jaill ^>| ^U-JLJI^ oUjI 

tf l^ c^J» ^Jl 5^1 ^Vl JWoIjjU-I _,| ^J^i yiLL i^L- 5^1 

j' y 1 ^ ^ J^ fVssUt J_, t ^jaJ| j^l^ J — -J\ ^ ^T ^1 ^X 

V ^V c^^U-l ^l _,! ,111 ^ vy ^r ^i r ai V ^ .4SV 



.^iL-^Jl (90) 

•vJ» j* Oluy Jji jLJl Jt j^li olyU- (91) 



c - it 

-WaS ^y j%£"l jj^i5\j oJu^dl J^*^ V*jJ.i \b>\j <.\)\&>- l*ia5 j<J~\ Oj>j2*j 

^> > Ub ^uii jri .jtni ^ ^t j~jj yU ^ j^] 

^Jl ^^£.1 (*-*-^ f«-*l -^Jl f-^ij .0|^*S" AJjJl>Ooj tUiJL-l £ j-SZAh (J Ais^J 

tipUJL. ^a^ ^ JT Jp «# c^-J^-lj Oii^Ji Jl v> V> <^>« ^ — *■ <¥ 

c f- £ * e fi c * ' 

*-L*aJl j Oj^kAi c^Jl J Cj\ja £jyi o^U ^UkJl J^jL^o j*^3 tf ^*-»Vl 

C(_JUsaJl (J Lw;** ij toJUsia*J^ jl t LajJl <^~*~j>- 4*^b jl SJi^j jUj ^^-Ij 
^>JLil ^ Aiai; 7-j£A\ jyt^Jl ^jJi ?-Lva3l (J JpfVj jl ^ilp ^ C-^>- 
kiJliij tOjSj^tj '0^~^ '(^*^' 'jV^^ cJwaJi> ,3 JjiS'ly . ( ja^-JL Jiil ?J*il 
CTtjaJ^" dJLst- U^ cUi^- Ojljlioj ( 93 \Lllll Jl fOi. Ail cJi ^JJl j*Uk)l 

o^ k^w^Sol JjI5"Ij oy^-ki ^jj-J^l ^«^ ^j>J •y£-\ j . v^^ j' c^_-^«Jl jl 

P-LvaiJ il^Jtl ^UjaJl y* ^iJLJi .Lbr i*>y j*^! ^r^j ^ '{^ «J 3Jb»lj 
.^<li i»Ju<s>j Ajl^ aJLtoj tyjJI i"!A; JX> p~&? >3 ^**" *^3Jj tw^-iJ' 4>u 



178 



. jl»W jf AAV? ip lljL>- T^j- L^*-" (J <l)4^-lfistf aJLj» -^ 45jlj.l l^-— <l 
t c f 

c c 

iojil oJUs .^La vlM J,"^")}^ i/^V Jj^ •O-Ul <J |tf-»il ^*— ^r 01 0*j^: 

OV jLJ^'l ic - J*>U- v* _jJ-rf *^>J '^'J^ir 4 o — *' <^*^ >*^ o^ J* 

~4AJ^> \~1jA> Lij^l e^ *-;*A- & tSSjliVl «JLv» ^» 4JJj dJJ-3 j^ f-tfl J-**^ 

.Ui^P jj*jjNlj a~~«UU 

j Jr i«*Jlj ^yi J^aiJl 
(3)il4iJl 

^.u-i *Lgi« jjd jir ^^ oJu ^ j^ ji Lfr^-l- ^j .U,! i^ir 

.Osi-Ldlj jl^'l N'l lp« jjj ^ ^ <A^ VJ> ^ ftUJI Oyj L^SO cjjj^JI 
l^if e-Ul j&\ £*\J~\ *Jii l^ J \^\) ^ Coj^* L^Sk^ 



^•3* ^>-_y j^! t 1 -^ ejyws OJlS' .^y. ^j ii^U JU l^*w-l i JaJ 1 ol^ 1 J 

(r*-/*) i-l, j ■^ ^« — ■' : JW ■*-*• (1 ) 
.^■jiil; ^ ^ju-jj (2) 

179 



f. £ 

{J,yM O-lU J^» ,J-J 1} .ll)L~»Jj (J <ll>-j Jl?-I ijlspl 4jV tjJUj U ,Jp AJ JA>_ 

J ejjl^l ^L)^ 1 • JL c*~' -r-Hr- ^ ijM y° ^ 'jj^ 1 ^r 4 ^^ jlr^ 1 
^j.^jUaj lf>»*~j .^-il^POll ^a»w l$Ii£~o Od Olj ^^f^i ji«^" /*-*4"' dJ^* 
^j^ioJl AJLiJdlj aa^UI a^jJJI J W^fy 'u^dr^ W -la%>- J ajA^-l 

l^ydl 7-jjil ^jSsi lls^P fl^tsP i^UU 4JL5jd[j Jy*>\i)lj Aj^yi 4^-jjJij t^/jis 

.f-liJ^'l jj-ij Jpj jtfdi^'l ^^jiJ J ^ { j6\ ijC*i\ lA'I AJ Jbr-y ,jM\ 

<u cj>j^\ <j^ f^ J ^s^" j/*** \r"^ ^* "^ (5) 0i^ t^ i>* -^ 

ej^wi i^i ^j c^l ^^i tA**l iyrj ^j -c/^ j*>^ £-*U-l <;*» tf ^rxpH 
i\jZ ^\j*\ ilb* j£J tyjJl V^-o ^Jl JLJM J lap U c^Nl IJl* J 

iiL~. Jp (3,-iJI J.I wyJl ^ JUCj t_^^ jr &s> J-4-1 I^a LLj 



.«o^U» J-^i'l J vi.fS' (4) 

.iljiii ^j, i/ jj y ^ ( 5) 



180 



*UI JL-SJI Jp JJaJ ^M j£J ;aJ^- w^4-I *«*■ ^ *)•* £-*- 0} 
^♦iil jU^iNl .<6)l$ir LL>I v^p jy-l £tf jJl fjj^^ *%U O&Jl* 
XjIp J *£\j (JajJj ./^l ^Jj-^- V'! -"! b& ^-te^i Ol>-« Ja <J ijS'ZiA 
i*a>- jjSi^-li OUI JJUU .1* ki iiL>- ^>Ul ON tOj^JI Ijdft- ^ co:yM 
jOJI J Ul^ll ^$1 A c^l li&- j*-^ t^JUl J~M li* j j^V tf 
0|;jpUI Sja-^ ^Jl ^L* ^ 2Li-dl is-">U)J iJ-UaJl J^-l^ ul»LJb AiJLt 
CJi tjj-l jJb»*i. Jp iniljJl tiki oJL# Jh £^L- ^Ij .Ul UU^i ,yJl 

iy^jJl Jj c^i? (ji^Jl 5iJ^ A*v-Ul *>-jJL)l J l$l*£ ^1 c^-^iia; 
Jl SyljJl j> d J l^V tL^P 5^p i~»UU UJjJIj oy^b ^V 1 

j^ltf O^-yi f^pl ^ £*AJl APji; <J«J lg-!H J-fr J*^ Jc^ 

.^SJb" s^i ONI ^ ^J j<J c(f 6)yjOl ^ 3&-JI MSI OIT Olj uJuJl 

^UVl Jam, J <l^p Aio \^ <-~>j& J^ £*")j* ^Ap 4»l~* Jp Oi£j 
Oy.lj J^LJl jUt-il tf 4aJ£" AjU aJVS^ JL*j ja j±£ .vjwajj ^1^ ^^ 

t^Lx* oU?JL» !>• Oy^j_j -Oj^l jW^I (5>^ >»^**^ ^r' a* cii*-UI 
c^lJiit ft Vjjit i^JI JaTj .j^ Ui l^ ^o^iu. ^Jl cOJdl ^^w ^jlaSI cj 

i>* ^b jj 1 - 1 ^ is^y 'or^j o i '^£ r*^ -^^ '^y 1 J^i^ 

Copl ^» *--^i |»o^j ' ,a ^ <3A J^ '-V 9 <y 1^-^ -^J , T-* i 

.<jljlj ca^Sj c5jf-V(— «» |»> (f6) 
181 



dy*j*SA j^»j .Cull qa U^jPj Sj-U£«j i,j-U Jl aiu jl*; 4ljL£ c^JLH 

.ULw-l ^ Ol/£JL> UjL. U 

OJL_«Jl 

.Jii Oi. & b\U ^JJI JJ-I ij Jp oUj^JI l$— -I icai IjJU 

3)1 U^o .0^*-> ^ V^* ji/ CyJH ^>J-I ^ i^u jj^L iw** ^ 

1^ J»!> u- u ^^ 01 Jl, ^ <j-j^) iiijur^o; cjit .-or ^\ 
jai\j\ d&\ 1^1 u^oj <jjyi u>aji ^ iftsr ojii i^Ai *v> 

4 J;4-I *Ul ^ l^wl 4 (7)ol5LJI A tdJDi .ju, ol^ U juj (Ji ijuyj 

Jj»" l> b 0*^ J !r* u-* ^ j*. ^ .jStSlI j£ £ yuj, 

^j* uH ji^ cri"^ Cf*^ 1 6-^ ^-^ ^fr*^ 1 <->*"* ^r^^i '-^-ll 
iOl^LsOJ OLe- ooll Ja-j Jjj .LiU^yi ^1^1 gA- ^ Jl 0^*4) jj\ 

Ojf^sll J^ill 

0j-*-^» ois^-ji 01 **» — Jul l» t jp Js^ji 14. ,»i is^w? t^r^i 

i^- Ip dt'i c5 ^v-U^ tl^cl oJU^I 4^.j 1 jo* jJLL. O^i Jl L$ .~A" 

- ,LJl J Lb 



i — -^- ^ ^ r .-w»^— »>^- 1 v^w. — 1 *w-j k rtt» !—*-«-• ^r^r O s fr** ,, i** u 



-S*!»J gsi (7) 
-J** S (8) 

isv J yy ( 9 ) 



182 



l*JojZi\ i — ♦i^-^j ij>yj jjjJ^I ,y* ^Ltl ^ JULiJ cJl) ly .OjPji j*a& 
Jpl j^j OL*-ii d\j^> C)\jr <*&\ <-& j£) .( 10 )-^SJI ,»-* \v~~*y Ol 0^" 
iiLiAj .0jJ0}JI ^^! •?— >£• 5^jJ11j ik^l <_->U«iJlj J*>U5I f-t^j tJrM 
.J^-lj Oi (j JJjj ^ i^yO JLJj .^JjJjj *^)l^ S^Jt^aJI Ol,«..sdH -^ AJLP 

^ ksj lyj Jp frUujI pjj Jf (II)J^. (Ujj tdJLJS -Uj ^ (l l^U tOoil 

^Jl J-^/l 5^ ^~~> ip4~Ju\ Jp U*- ljj/£ 01 ptJ* Jiil aJ l^^ai. 

.014*1% ^LJI ^ 

0^% Jb-1^1 Jh-aII 

£. U^Ji; ^jj tOUj^JI UAJi ,U>^p ^y^ 1 ^-^ u£*ty **i]fl 
C^iJI Jj-JI 1^ fUu ^Jl 5^11 jJl^i- Jp £* .(Sj£l\ OlJdJI 0JL« jja^c. 

f^l Jjf- i>* pta*J l^J tC i>^ Ol^-JI >>«£> . jj--all iu-»- jjJJI C~~Jj 
^1 j>- tiiUI <j ^LJI y&, .^1 ^li t ^iJ| ^ j^l gaj ^J| jlpjf 

.l^y jp li4 t-jyi Jj>- LJb Jj4 ^j VjW ^ «^J Vr^ \j*j*i (i 

OlT li j^xJ <JjLdl Jb-I j^ S^w? ilaJs JL-I tjjao^l iJLjk C-^" L«JUPj 
j* 4^L^«li tiiw- o^i* ^1 l^ jjL^j i U C->-l *JI C-p^I l^ LaIj 

l? c?^ ^ diJi 01 OISLJI U. JB *t»iU-l IJLk LilAJUl ^L.tj \^ni 



.x^ji wuii (0,J»>ai (10) 

.(,^->>) .296 .^f .86 J-Ulj .>Jl .«y^l j^J-l» oyi 1,^-j (fll) 



183 



• U^- -OUjXj U»j Uap Ob^ -u. atppl Uf^J c,»^j ^ U>.|j (Jja^li 
j* jOill 1^ OUI^>- X> Ji^ l^vjvaj 01 Ol£~JI ^ SiUJI C-JJj Jlij 

aJLjl» 

Lf-wl S^ S^x. t^-li Jp c^iJI *^>- ^ Jkil J-4-l Ua JUS J 

^ Ja^ J<-"J 'Jrf- 1 J* Oj^Jl >>~ij i-jyc* i^S" 4>-L~a U c jUj^Jl 

^j 'W w\> Si J*^ .z 11 'j^ <^!> <^b '£j^ <^b 

o£*ty jJuji j^i 

hfj^\ l5j c^k us~ji/l UiJJJj i^LwJI 4^jjJI j ^-j-JJaj l$U£ Iji^a 
OlSLjl 0>£j yiJj .L*~kj \s\l** AisO^ 1^1 il^ sflijjill SJUli 5jjj J< 

cU^ ^1 JJ ^11 .iAlil Oli <4L*ai j£) c&Jjt *^l <j^ t3> ?U* 
Oj^-^/l ^ Oj-Xj«j cj^ ^>]/-\ SjjL^i i%JI (j^-jj . JUJll« U^**j ^ (ij 

•j>J\ **J* J<^ 't^-i M^s ^jAs~ o^ 1 1>* r^ u* ^^"4? 



184 



.^li ai>JI« J*Ip Jl j*>UI oJLa J>o 5jIp illll £*j 
Ojttify ^UU J*oill 

^ j»jb^ iJljJ .^js- Jb. ^L>- J V ij>jJ\ Ji« jlo ^ OjJai iJ^iJI 
JUL-1 o^iT cJl^ jlj o!jUI <lN viUi : £«i]l ja i~S dyu*£j tj^^ 
iljLft 3^*5" Ijj ( _ r - ; ij Jl ,j^^ iijiU.1 OUJaS j^pjj <^>*15 ojtaf i^\*Jl]\j 

O^JL^Sj N dJUJUj CO^iJLj Nj jJLc'U Ijjpw 01 (l)j-5 *i)b« Ojjj-io Ljb Ojliiio 

^l/^l Jjsfjac (isyJ^I ^ OjL^; <jj>-\ JjU ilbh 01 If .%J bL-> 

*»* j»ui^ 4(3^ jl* ,j>— * /«-i 0j>o (1)1 OjJ (J^lill «"i* J>P djluity lj»J^\j 

^li *yU ^Ja2jj .JiVjj jUjU 5^ Jajl^j iJ 1 ^ c*^ 1 1>* ^'^ 5 -^ ^^ 
^ja V^ai 'o**^' j^* tiy_y*± L«JLp *rl^"i *^b in^l^i til J ^U' a *^* '^ 

•Jr- f (13) 
.((►>-p) ^(.j^iUI v-U» CAye- Ji J^l ^*- Oijj (14) 

.*i*i jNji, jAk. ^ji (ci4) 

■uw!> ^ (>5) 
185 



^ j ^-U ^ oi>w> i« Jp^L t( j->j lass- J^ Jcj. 

Jl Lob O^aOj cOjJWp p^IS} cofciw CjU^ J 0\£L-JI l ^i»A) 

^ ^/j iljalp (#£ ^1 ^S'L.Ni l^ Li- JL.UJ ^ 01 0j5^i .j^ij^ail 
(i fb U obij^j N I^Jj Sj_p*-v. jy<J1 sJU 0[ O^L .aK" jJU >»- 

&Ny> ^3 J Jil^l ftJUb r-^j SJLiJj oU^i (^JUI y_.^.JLi UJL^I Oyujjac— j 

. v yJI yi c^ J[_ J--i ^-Ul JU1 jr *i* g± tOlSUb J*l" J^ 

*-. Jib c l;j Ui blas-l jtfl J^- Uil lJU ^ ttri L- J^^ l^p 

^ ^, jr jl, 4ji if .^jir jj^i, ^yf l^ j^i ^ju^i ^ 



^.IX. ^r Jp v-iU-1 U* JJay (16) 

•j^ 1 ^ Jj^W 1 r* ( 17 ) 



186 



aJ o^ 9 ^- j^ f-r^ 'pr^^ usM^b OLyiJI ^ l-i>y»- au- JT 
*i]» dJUJLJ dJU ^SU c^Jdl ou.yil <^w>U- cjJI pri k>- .(20)^^ 

~-t OlSLjl J~4 .-/$&& ^^^. Ir-^ *1~^ ^ **i>-*J a*^ jl aoIp 

tjyuijlj £«JaJI ^yi jii53l OjJUa^ tAPb>JtJI} ,jiA\ AjIp <J ^j t^y^JL,- 
l ^i Ct>y\& o*Jj£a +J>\/ .hflju<ia5\j SjfcSOl i-illl OUjai ^y* i*^ OjXLCj 

Jb-f Jl j>^\ ^jU-I cj Jbfj tb> c3l£, i^l ^ JUp ^13^1 IJLa Ijl, 

J \jj+** jK" aj| JlL U, tJlpLdl ^>vJI jl tjlpjl ,^-Ajj 1^- oA'Ji ./rj 
J>-b l?u.y jvuji a»L~. Jp tjl^l iijJL. j&- J^aj OlT ^jjl y**Jb vJUJI 
aup ^j ciiyuS^- J^*JI oJL* a^ IS^I" c*JJj Jl»w **r\j £ o^JI 
30p L^i aJj tj^ji ^p ^jii OUpl f.Ji J L^Lo OK" .Ipyi J-*»l^L 
.^Oa3I ii* ^Jl l^JaJL Lf^uw ^^J tlTi C-S^j o^i (jjj Ojl* 

Oj^p a-^pj '-*y^' J' <4r s " l/ 1 \***"j ^JLr^J *^v j^j' J^» 
&J) 4ji^3l ^-^o*> Jl ^>> ja &j&. .^>yU Jl JU-SJI ja 

.ojlii J^-. ^ (18) 

■j*i ^' r* < 19 > 

. jrJ l ^1, l> - ^1 ^ (20) 
.Ay, iN,i (21) 

.! ; S i l/' (22) 
187 



Oylj'^li dill 0j*^4 p*j i"^M\ Lilian U^\ ^yl ^ <23)^bdLJ 
cJU* 131 j^j t ^UtJj| y* J ^ 0L ^| ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

'**** dUij XJ <Ul*-j ;bc-j li^y tiJiL.j t U«j LJL^L ^1 ^1 IJLaj 

• 5 >**J u-^M <~UI .ju^l ^1 JL>- ^^ ^u 

<J* J** - <4 t(24) a b **** (J* 'l/^ 1 *r>**i U-*- 1 98^-"* ^"^ (^* 

SL^ j Ol£~Jl *W op CJlT . JtfyJI Ji ^-li ^ cpjll jti^Jl jJaJl 

jyU^i J jn . i>! >. Oj>JLy c5,jUil ^$1 (25)^,^1 dlk .JLjaJI dili 
(Jp ijc-kfl* Jjip-li? j l^i^jajj '(j^l til ONl U,l^i 1 CJaA^ ^1 hjJi\ 
I4IS3 t(li^) ^Jl ft J o,jJO ^^o, (26)^.1 ^ J ^J| »JU V waj .^1 

0^1 J^aJI 

(27)^1^1 

JjJj 01 J-i ay\fi- CJfc} HjJ/^ *$*- j^ jt^\j <-<&r j* j**A\ L*0£ .Jau*M 
(^^ l^-va^- 01 J| UjlS- .lib 3| Uj/^ Ot£~JI t jS\J tOis^V-^-' J* "5^1 
d\j i*^0\j h^A» !£?*-»*** JU^ \yr\2- Oj£si (29)JbJb»- -jt \j*f+£-j j^\i 

.JJLU, ijU- vlAJU ^j (23) 

■aL^M ^ (24) 
.OU- iJUL. ^ (25) 

■J& >" (26) 

.jOUI iiL ((ja ^ ^ ,>}> (27 

■a-/ 5 J>/28 

.ii- 20 ^~ (29 

188 



oojlIL lyj 5jj^. cJS' cLUJJ tlfi* ft *)L^^5 jjiL 01 Ljb J^ d& 

*jJj cdyUJ OlSC-JI Jsr -J^jJI J* ^^J JL-NLt AiJU AiLiS" OIjIp 

a>*J» ^^ l3 *j*jJ b** <4;lii J* ^^i 1^ t£-*J' ****JI w^ 

J JjUJI ^ JbJUll iUa-^ay c^jUrl JyU-l J ^JaiJI ^ S»j i~S jj- 
m^hLmj Oj~>«-«*il jU>«JI J^ ii~?- iS#w*ll ( ^i**JJ ^-Lv» *U~* iJllAj .^pjl 

i^tr if x\ out ^ o^'i ^ .jAc&a ji jf ^-u ji VjU^ ^ii ojjNi 

a*^ ijtdjjlj ijjiil ^^ity c*>L^I : viJ^sil OJuiJ Jb-I^ J,Ip ^j 

clg ci>fcj9 Jp ol;UJI ^iJ JbbJI 31*, j^ tJJI (jr 4 J^}} t/yli ajU— >■ 

.LjiS' JjJL^-l JiL&J t^"! •■**» 5^ u-JkJb Oo 0|j t -oaJLj SjIp 

CJlT l*JL*j .^*>UI <J* C^jUJI lf^» Ojiio I^IT Oir**?-^' <$ 4 ^ 1:5 *i)^ 

^Uil OIT iJLSj^JI *l~* Jl ft^/s-sb j>i5l ^ U> j! O^k! o>l ^1 
IJL* j* \y>rjf- 1504 ai- ijj .4>«--»!1 ft^ytJl Jp Cj^^ IrjLx^-j 

ljjji-li tAi»L>-l oU^Jp ,j«^j cOl^iaj J*Ip dJi* ^ i-jp- 4JLuL-j shAl 

!>^— (^ "j^l > «#' J*^ ^^ J#!^ ^ *>* ^^ ^ <^ jl ^ 

£jyj\f ~jl J flJLil iy>r jUb j_jiJI Jp ^1 c"5L^I y& i&ji j*j 
tjJI J 0L-> <*->■ J-yl L.J0u c,_^)/«i( j£ *tr Af Ij c ft ^»LJjl J cJK' 
ji-JI a> c->*-. C5JJI Ol^il Jp <-«ycdJ ^UJI Jj)aJ LpUi jwj 1»jj3_j 

^JjNl OU1/ £• I/hJ jiJaJl ft ^ JT jP ^jSJI jcLl AiL UJUPj .A~oU1 Jl 

io,Uil -Jp lij 4^a>- -^i A*«oLJI Jp J^WI Aii** CJ^ .^1 <wwx« Jl 

189 



<_£*L>-I ljW ^i^ j>l ^p-^-* (^J Ls-jj fi ^jX^ .A-*i-XUj CiyuAAj JjUy 

Ojb-I yi/l U* JUi 01 JUy .Jy-JJI ^ (4^i/l vi#s!l ^^-Jl t ^£o" 
Oij tj^» </ U^. d Oji O^Sfl iiI5iS} tU*> 0^ III ON cii^-o 

^>«JI Jl l^»wj <**ir^ Ai-i-Jl l^ip-l f*yj* ^ ^J n£ J ^* a ^i iijJll ja 
hj\i\.\ UJbM ^dl c^il^JI tf-Hj A-eLi a~<L- £• j^^J-l oU»jJWI 
j^^* pjuJ t^Nl ci^j^Jlj o^-l a-. a a.JI J^l U.U* **-*»! Jl UjiL-j 
jh*ISU)j 0^ aij .>>JJ ^yydl Oji aJ cjIT gJdl 0l£ll ^ If^w j* 

ii^L. ^\j \+*J\ (&A\ j^aJI a-^1 ^^ ^^** l / JI ***M °^ 

J <L> L!» 01^11 U* J ilksOi JIT UJLP c(32)aj| ^j .(31)^0^1 
JUj N S^>*-J ^» <J>ij AAv»U- 4JWU» (Olu^Uj C^fc^ 5JkP jjy s.LJ.1 

t LUI .y. f^T Ik-i ilL* diC^ c r WJL3l ^ a*-> viJL-l» tft^/s-sli #» 

£*- ^U Jb-f Ail tASti AjU-li .y> j^ ciJU Jul, liU aJUj a^J ^1 
tvilli jp iM 1 jj»^» -It* J-> t/ 11 ^' (ii ">- ' ^ S-^J <dJULil 

y> '\iyt- cUi <? w» tf Vb ^1 *liiil ^* OK* ^j diii J*i» N ajU vM 
ajS/» : rsdi w*M» «?ax- dJLr. liUj» : >^fl aJ JU .ibUI j a*^ 01 



.^l xp ju» j\ (30) 
. Jr< *AI ujji^ j» (31) 

.(^ji.) [ iiiiixp : uu> .j«=Jbj oyi o-^-l ^»i i ^ ^* ^ ^ »!u (32; 



190 



<**klj <.*>*/ Jl A^o £ .«L Tr *-UJ JjuJI j*-^j iOUI t) jJULr U Use 

J^ 4* Oy>w lyK' jjiJI 4*ji Js^LJ 4. .^Jhi JUJI jj .<! 4^i ^JLs^ *J- 

aJUj ^1 ii£ dUll 4j oM l^w, ftbJIj t oUaT...ll oJL* j& ol|4-l *^- 
<J ^ 01 jLm*JI 4i» ^JJai .Ol Ubl yjl *,JUU jp eJb^ ^jj| ft |^| .p 
Otf Liu l^ai x-ii t^yl £. 4>bj 4Jb L> ^^ 0l£ll £jtf •> J ^la 
^ oUU*l ^o.j 4i^a^ f 44) \>\y ^LaII J*^-j ciJLdU UL^-f 4JI ^jhJL, 
Jif J i,V Jp ^ 0l£-JI iOP ^f ( _ s ^ t9j l^ UL ^1 jyjl ji^ 

^ill ^o UJ ^ Olj t ^aJI Jp (33 )3 L^j| iju ^1 j^\ 3 <(Jls(- j, 
*r* <-*^J *4>A ^-*^ U^-^ *»1 1/^ **aU Vj» t/j^ 1 jr >S 

> >JI ftli ON tOlCJI I^JLjc-j ^1 >ll «L. ^ 01^. JT J oUI^ 

!>Ui cjfcJI ^if ^ l^u tij$ iJLjJdl £ jU oy"L-s dj&Sj tlJL^ O^j* 
M» Vj» Jj- f& -^ (j U^jJ ilft&J Lu*j ^ N ^1 ^j/ ^ 

.>ULI e JA Jp OjJUujJI L^ 5jIp ^p jyi ^a^Jj 

jp ijip Lio 01 c4>- oir ^jui 4-^1 ^ g &\£\ J? ^ oir ^jui 

(!) $£& ±* 4 (33) 
191 



Ol> <J*U)I £• oJdl l^ilp tfjA Ob Up L.JLP dliij iji^JI ^^1 -j|^I 
J.U1I j& t^jli 4SUjojI Jill U> .,*",. J UJUsJli .,jw/at lj~J 0l£~JI 
jjOJI (34)j]»Uil al* ^\^t *-. j^jU J*- t^JtjJI J j^Ip ai Otf" c^JJI 

tjy.M-.ll i&*i>ji lil* <4PU«-ij 0_j1jUj 1^1*^-J *^{; ^ j^Ji^-li i4£ox*<aj |yD 

t«jbU}A d)l Ji tflJuio j«-plp 0^^*" 'W-s-^ri ^j£jj l*t^j 0Lo*4 
01 OlOl *£ lj tucIU j, jtfl ^ y& vi-p- t^l^l Jl *Jkl:»,Uy 

(«-r* b^Zr^J \^°* i Cxfj^ t ui***^*^! b-^J* 'i*-*^*-^ <*-fr*j*"J l^ji ^ (J* 

cyijSij, jui j^iji 

* i* 

wUjI ^jjl ^J^JI y-o- A^Ul ^lil^l; j* tjjjl ^liVl IJU LU. 

tl^- ^ jr **& -iilk J^- j-^i J wyi (jgpi/l JU-I Jp %>s^ 
*-*■ a- J* 5 '!? "-^iJl Jl v>JI o* ^—y «ijLr^j V- <J>J -^U* Ja^Jj 
** J& d+* cf b^ (&y &* -Jl— iJI Jl v>^-l ,y l*~> o£#> 
11* J v^fly JU-I ^ jj^j jLT ^1 sap 4jj^ tOUkall^ ^yM 
*%ll ^lit ^-if ^ t^li-ill LU ^ v l«-l Li>l y>./ r iJUi .^1 

oi^ji ub ^ii ojii ^rf cjit ^ij t</s jaii ^^^^o oir ^jui ^ cby.1 

tUyiaiJ 1^1 0101 J^il ^jhj tu- U i^JL. C „\J l*J*> J& .±yA\j 

tJ^Ul OJU j.jkl OjJUu^JI 1^ 01 Jb. i^U-j t^yU oLI>u>V UUsrl 

.OLi- .UJU ^y l^Ll (34) 



192 



ja iCOi OX. O^-jJ J^ jJ^i* J (35) JJTJI ^ ^ ^^ 5J^J j^ Jf 

c^-j toa^JI jjLJI ^ tjt A\ uyj lr-j J-fr Jf- ^ o%ll J*l t b 
^S, ^-li jp jss-y j«j .4^1 x±-\ JJ-I J, iJU 5^ ^jJl a^i 
Up- Si^i* SOjOp ol«j^ J **~J iJU*~* yi l?4aiy *^*-^» Jij~*J 
iUtl Jl >^ J,WI j£j . r UkJI ^ oli cg^f jp ^Ui l \ i S± 4ju\Jj 
lj* 5iL^ j^p- j jjij^LI oJUu^JI ^~~o c^^l l*\J- | _ ry li JJL-*- 

*L£I jlSlJlj <.Ja±\ iu-9- SJL*- jl^-l oJdl oJU .Uwy -^ *P ,1 
C~ * "J^ 1 *# W 1 jH-^u-y ^ OJj c^U J*f Jl. j^Ja*. J,bo 

**UJ J, .*gip Qf ^ csjbr Uyc^i^il^j _^jL| j^ ^JUii ^ 

j^ ^ J^ J* w- 'V-^l ^' ^ V- £> "V ^ 
Aikll v l^l oj^i tft uy rji JT J^ ilU f Uy . ^usJ], oiKll ^ 

<^T j"* J (to? jf) npj ^ 

W*" 1 J% 'J? 15 -k- •IjA'i ^1 (r 35) ^11 { jte J* Mkill oJIa £* 

^x cj^3 tj ^uiii SjiiSii \^J .i J3 \£\ ^,\}}\ 4 j^\ ^ji jp 
jijAJi uioiij osftwjj s^yi ^oji j, t ^t j^uji mjaji, iuuii 

*«*- Jl l/ U c>* ^ > ^ ^ ^ <> tj-fr Jf- J Joy .U^P 

^ Jrf I 1 ^-^ *|«JiVl U* 1^ L.Jup i^jlAl JUi 4j^. tUjl Lyi ^UJI 
- " "jLUL, ^ L^ .ijyi icjjai ^Lil ^^ LUy cjl^-S/l t^, 



Ob oi 



•(("^j 1 ') ^W -^ J*jj jt* (35) 

•^jj y (r35) 



193 



IJl^l ,\} (j^lSjNl oJL* ^ ?«-*]/ iLwi 8 ' A»L~« (Jp JLtfj .A*j^» t^LsA^-i 

Oj*J^Jj (j-^^-l JsaaJI 

(/>' jb </>' 

(J LfU^s <^JJ1 jj-j^Jiaj v_— o- <-ljSjJ i y^> ^*A* |jfc-J CJlf c^r"^ AAjA^ 

iiijdij u£*% xslldi is-jjJi Jj tV,U s^UJl iiijJi^ *~UJi ^jjdi 

J^J ^11 i-uJ^I «_>p-VL JijiJI t _/aju Iplp JUkLiJj ti*jl5 cJ\j It j[j~"^ 

-»jfcj . "Joli LS^ii Ol£L* i-^il *^l O^Jb ( 36 ) Sj> iiUftj La (ji^j .jU-iJI 

OyuJVlj (J-jLJI J-sAiJI 

(37) Ojp 

(J ^j^Jijaj l$JU£ ^^j Oy »-rir*^ l -?j'bJ^ W *- " ^ cS*^ i*Cj-0lI o-i* 
C^ tl^e- ^5-UJI AiiJtJIj uy^SJIj AiilSlI ^-jjJI cjj t*^I 4*w-lsN ^-jJJI 

J j)>4-l ^1 Jj«i .dlUJ iJbs- i^-U ^jj t^ytl ^jj ±>J-\i ^ OjUsAj. 



.«n.1^m>j yL«* (36) 
.(j,^) «>2» Oljjll UU- (37) 

194 



1^4** tU*- aJL^- Uy- 4-*!;jJI ^/^j} -WV 1 -? -^M' (^^»J <*-J 'L»^J 
01 is^JlJ &l~>- \f& tJU-Ml ^ jOp iiU*j .fUM ^ 0^-*j t^j -vi^-l 
cy$\ JL-t Ji* aJL ^-/jsL-Lj Ijb-t \yji 01 l^t li| i^-Uj OjJ^jj .U^Uj }Ui» 
W 51, J* &!# l i)^ J^ 1 - 1 J^ 1 J*** w«J -fy -IrrliiT Jj^oJI JTL" ^1 

(4 8) I^SjJ 
Jp ia^ Oblp Jb*-jJ ^J . J^-JI c^)^ SiJU 5,JL»*i* 4*ijy» £>UI OjS' 

JjLjwjIj (jJi ii«( *>Lv«»ij 4^jl1> _>-Ji*irf W ***_? •{J'yj^ ^ j^ '^' <-!^ 

(39) g^. 

W***i i^" 'l/ 1 ^ Cr* ^^j iltf"^ iiL«^ (J^j tc3;lk J-^- J-sA* 

.(j^ji.) «4^,li» <%|l UU- (38) 

.o 895 (f38) 

.(^>>) .99 ,>UI .309 .jp cjyi .j-J-l >l (39) 



1<W 



Ui Ua^j .a5,M l^_J icjfi ^jc ^T l^ jl*Lsj t«^JLll» 0,JUj>JI 

j& t O^Lw £»j Jt*\~* i£y* iiU j& jl <\JuJ>\j> Oj^JL OjJUujJI 

tjS OI i^- j* UjIj^I aJ^J 1^-a4 ot ^Lil ^ ^ 11 JU^JI dJUL. 

Jj • <r 39 M fcii ,b j ^ 4> ji ^ 1^1 j^ \jg vy^i l^i j^i 
liA o^ %uaj aL-uh j, *£*\ u jr ^-u duu jus*. *l&i oJu» 

^^ i)f 3j£ h 'kr^ a* CT^ fc -*"'* i ***■""* d* '-"•j J **' J*" c f JLr^ 1 

\«y -V -M 1 Jf-Ji ^ Jwu; cjb' ^i yuu>ji oiijii v...^ tojw 

uis»^~il Jjk-i yiOi 01 4il£ ^ \*\j*.\ {jyf*Ji\ Jb4 aJp ,-pl t^UNl 

Jp A*il^l OlUJI v^ £, 3>j, IUT ^Jai _/li .J^, y;! OlOii Oj/oy 
Uu^i tfU* Jp Uj-s— o^ ^1 j^U jl A^o ^1 yf jJU^t, t>JI | ^L> 
*4^fA 4? o-l» ill* j& .OjslUujJl V Aat-ji «^AJI Ol&l JiJ ^i 

jil»l oLsJ-1 ^ji ^ ^1 JjUu J ~ cj^ Jl» £^y LiLL" JJtr ll 
^ It: J* 1 * </ ^Wl j-J- *l^ dUS J*i Ail Jij .^ O^IU^I 
cd**JI dUi ii* j£«J ^ i*L5JI oS> .Ijj^J Ujlp <*U (40)JUu>JI 

.ijoil dUJi5} 

(41 ) 5j_sOjl 
^T (J* ^2^ •*** d»JLi j>^JI r^*^ £/* £**"}/ **-r" *W (J^ 

L^p 1^—m. (f 41 )^-^ tr^j-* o*' J** t>* 4 usW On £*|j J*-* l? <j*j^H 

*—Vl ^j-jii L^- t^-i <bJU; 1^-ij '«^a-Jt Ulc^j .Uw-^i Qlj$**j **i)\*. 

d^j tjb ^i)l (Jp Oj)j U OpoJI J •p-^ -^«; Jj» v v *— '^ l ^r y 'J 'JS^ 

._» 894=1477 5i- ( f 39) 

.^-.^ill jjlll (40) 

•((^j^) -V^ j' jbs! : J-<M tj ^-^ (41) 

•CriP 1 o<) -^ <r 4 

■((^r*) W 3 " ^ Vj^JI 5>>-l Jtc* Jl^JI ^ Uj^. s^l ( 42) 

.( f *5Ul» *Jp) Xjft ^^ (43) 

196 



iJjU Silp ^j .^jj 1jl>- U-lv? ^*>U^ c^LiUj U-S ^1 ijlp t) l^lSL- 

ij c^Vl OJU JLmj ( ji>( 44 ) J jSXII iLlsU by j ^ .JL-aII ^Ul j.^1 
Uj .OUI J iakAlj [jicuxJ iX$a)1 dili Jl« juo*- ^ ^f**; 01 v)/^' Ja 
tJL>-LJJ} jj./j.a)1 v—jj^j ^b^l i/*** ti ^y^* jI^***' JLaLJJ t^Jlj 

tU^» JS" ^ Tt-il^ i— ««*- JUj (Jp Cji^xJI j-Aa)^j *^-vtf»l Oy X>-jJ 

.(45)iiL-J| oJdl { j~*'y* ^1 <JLSj U (Jp Lg— wil S#w» iljJL* 

yai* lJj^ 46 ) ji*V ^f 1 i>W9 (Jf- to^{; (Jji i*V If 1 J i,ju^a>~ \^iy» 
U;ilp ctjLs^jj is;«J» r^X* Jp 0jJUj)>JI J,j^I UJLtfj .JL*j ^ U^l 

.^j^llj £t*DL i^LP tija-*s-i« iL«^ i%JI 0*i/ i!>L^I (Oj-**--!!) J>-l Ujlp 

0j~J-U, i^lill J^aiJI 

^ ^v-l^ 5*~-j i^li ^ u~-_> oi^b *^- ^ J* '**!)' ^^ 
t L^p s^UJI ilijJ^ oy^b i -^ uL| ^J^ 1 ^J '^ ^^ , ^^^ 

. ((/V UI) /U!l (44) 

•Cj^al c/i-*-*i*& ( 45 > 

.01^11 (^alj (46) 

.1471 i- (47) 

.^jjl : J^&l J v^ (48) 

197 



<jN ci^JI J*-b ijyi bA\ iL* jy. 3JUJi4-l iaj^M J JbJ .«Jj)» 1^3*—^ 
j^ OjlS~ l^|j tOUj^l jj-^-Ij j-» Vi OjJji^ c">Lvs>l SSjliMl (JjaJJU 

•y* ^"XU- Aio JsjiJI Jo (j O^i *^v*l C-l^S,** Jul .&jbJi IJlto -^ CjI^Lw- 

(.vbNl kL->- j^ jl *JUd1 tl~>- ja tSy t<!ull ^^5.1 ^ OjL^j tikis' 

bhj.L>-|} ^ji JjJa~.L Ujf.1^- t]^U-jj Lv*jS"l ^^Ij-i <1)^>-1^: IjjIS' ^Jdl 
clilp~!j y& Ijj y*>lj iJJiJ ljbb»-li 4 JU^Jl ^» j^JT IjAi* *^i jjp 5^p 

$ l?I^JLll l^ Oy-b£ Oj>- U>L- iJliA -^ iJjj^^s Ijjl^j tlfi»^>j Oyjl^Jj 
( 51 ) 1^51 Uuv^il ^>-j L. r »i l^jbv* <_)! J^-jJl i*yw ^ iJIj -^yw-^l l^ji 

\pS' l^Aj; OlS} CATl^iJI f^jl fyJrj '(^«^b -ri^*^ ^ *^Us> If: iia^l 

JUJjJI dUU £jsil JLS" 

t\yM 40JL1I oJlft A-^l il;il l»JUP t JUJ^JI iijl* (j-^U- 4^^! ?f> 

,Jp p)P ciu*- Jl "iSy^-S iJL*Jlj 0^1 Oi*W v*JU jl b«j^l j}»J 2L-oJU 

.703 Si- ( f 48) 

.936 iu- (49) 

■Jp O! 0^>' -^ (50) 

.J-/ (51) 

198 



« 

c^-UsjJI Lf)ly 0^ dJUi .^li &l£ J} iycu~A wJ^-l CJlT \^ tlf^l^ 

* _ * * * 

0l£*- Jb-I 0[j .(oli^/l IJL* 5jjJ j^J? «!5^y*b LJw OlT (^JJI (1^ ^1 
^ jss-T Ja ts -nJjl <J> j* U^£ UW OK} 02^^] ^~dl ^-li 
£>UI (^11) iy-SlI eJLA *L-j; ^ ^ dJUJUj t^-U dJLU ^ilj tj^ 
A^J tlplp Jj^-o Ol }l»l t^-li J^ [)j» ^^aiLl Jf- JL*~- i^jy .oJU> 
c^JUl <jL.ytJI J>j~>- 0515 01 dJUi JUj j*1p li aJI jiP .j!,aJ1 Jl Ji^\j p* 
^Ipl iL~~.lJ jf]i\ t J oljya-^l JU-O wjo -IS <utU«-iJ yii oU Ls^ 0IS~ 
ajl- JU-U-I L-li ^Uj tt^-ij^Ml -^ *-V^M ol^j IfJp (j^-^b j 1 ^ ,1^ S-xJl 
ply I jj .^y 4>J^ J| Ayi ** ,^jljjZJ\ jii» tOlfCJl 1^*JL-I 01 Jl iU«IS~ 
Jjllajl} S)j«w?j IpS aijL- ,^jU /-• JijJa^l ij-jyw lLULII -Li_>- jUa^-l Ulft 

cp (^jUll <o ^ ^ ^Ji/I Jl Jjj^L ^.1 juJ» Slop ijj .u^*J\ J> J* 

01 j£c OliC* gtiazJi ^U-ij tlAy*- £• (53)^^ b^ ^ j/u-lf 

j£\i .oJlII i^-lf^ wWa-4; iaIS" J~j>-)) i.xwl} tOjllj tA^Jll aJ r^y 

*y^ <Jlj>-\ 5cjw j/i*-j <5foj j UJ>Wj a^ £-* ftJl di3i Oljy.Nl OIJLa 

._~~j .Jb-U^ rj^i J* V 1 *^ 5 Ji^ AAi^ ^ W-CJ (54)^^1 Jl 

.j*"U-l J>-^* i^ iij£dl aJ^JI J^SOl *]^t- ^ Jjj^Jl v*^j t^r^l 0Uv>> 
CJiT J\ iUi^l JjIj; j ol £. JiUl ^ tu ^l Jl J^l ^ ^ib" Uj 
jaJ» ^ 1>KJj j^JLll ^ ^jU» .4i bK' t^JJl ol*Cll Jl J-^jj tS^U- 
^ t^l^fl, c yi Jp ^b 1^1 ^1 Jl \jyi L^JI f U5l j ^^iUx- 

Up W^J • t / a ^-^ ^^* t>* J5\ il*>Uj t^yi— Jl ,_ya*J Ol-^i 0_jJb <v i dJ3i 
^ 2j\iy\i 6 y\^ ^Jjl (55) ' LJ| P li| ^ ^^^J 01 JaZi ^ t»^- ^ jiUl 
,A«i^«j Olxll <-s«sl>- -u^iJ \ C w-o- tip^o •u-^as-j ^X-oi^ ^lijj ( OUv-iJl 
U£ ^j .SliSCil yH j* iOp l^ 01T ^1 Jj Jb-t If* r-y4 1 oJlII 01 ^1 

jifili ^.yJ' j* ,a * ltJ ( 52 ) 

.c-iP 14 4 ^i ^ ( 54 ) 
" .j^.U-1 ji (55) 

199 



j>t& Jj .Ail <U*)\j ^J>Je> (j jy~. Jl -f* l J / '>^' OiAji UaJLwli tiiJlli L*^ 

t JCju-j d)l Jj^i UU.il OIj o^ol jp-\j C(J/t« ?r^- iili ijj . OUI t*^y 
cAllwJl £^ J gJ Ob ^1 (^Jiil cdUil Jl UJl LU Ou&I iJOli 

'(*-*J?>^ «^ ^ (i-T^y- j^ \j~jit- ^AJl JaL^Jlj i^4-l ,_/**? t ^ r SJ .^jj^^iJl 

[jjj 4^jU.ll 9 -vl» ,3JL*Uil w-<— vj iijJ^Sv-a C-jK" ^Jl i*iiJl Jl AP-UV I^Aj^s<9 

*jhja^j Ol l^l ^ J*-~^ o^-^ t«JJ4 -j^j^-i wi^^' o^ t* - ^ t^^-^^ 
.vlJULil ^ J^ OjJii oJdl Jl y>j j^U liSUj .^ JbJoJl »±JUa <u! jJj 
OJK" IpSJ t«ujl *^» iuiill Jl «t>-jy tUib UdL~* 0t£" -o^ f*Ji^>- Jl>-U 

djjy^~ l*gJLL~J *J*!)A*- ^p^ ^«U |»jill -yt iJjJl IJlA lii )<u~uJIj IJl>- ij^a 

Cw>- ijj-j&l *-*U-l Jlj j*a*)\ Jl **^j t^j^l l3 ftl^pi/l *.* OjJLlio lylS" 

,(57)ajJ ii| -j, £j\ij£j *^»U-| i^Jo *Ja>«i LjyoJoii (Jj~J\ >^vl J^ SjjUil 
I^Ja^l ^U j»^* a.jJj«.Jl l^»->^-j Jvj^i^il ( _ya*j l^bi i^Ull 01 ^ j»^>^J 
br ^5"! 5^ l^jli ^j^- tJL>«^ll J>-b Jl i_jUwJ^Ij ^ifiJl Jl l^-l 
J (58) <l! LjU t^-5 >^-^l kiil*j XfyA> *-gJ5" I^Uij toilp Oj^iiil \~ ?JL~:j 

0U^-i.i| f.bNl Jb>-I 4jjx3 tUu-Nl Jb-Li 4aJI^ jjlil aJp >_Jy|j 4 4*4^1 oJ-* 

^1 ^1 jy jl t JUl&ij ftLJl ^.ulr £.14-1 Jp ^Vl 'j^j . J^UJI j 
.ajlJIj Ojib ^^w. |f bjj^j Ust- Iwa^ OK} cajjJiII OU^I *J| W^Jl ^Ul 
^1 <.»j>£± jilti ^~>^~A\ t^-Vl ^^aj i-^l? j^. jJJju viUll *ip Ujjlpj 

jp *j>yi iji^si «-,-^3 1/51 ^u j Ojj^s-- (^i jv^ '^y^' Ji b^-^b 

•^4H> ^l- r> yj (56) 

.^jili If-jS^ lyr ^_ijLl ^ o^T ^Jji Uj> jl (57) 

■xrlf \^-y. fi j* (58) 

200 



J^j 1 4j\ .3- t__jl>- JT j^ 4-«*b iiyill C-jISj -Jl^l -^fr£ J"W ^*-*^" 

*^2*j ?^» AjJLpj tOl^Vl C^>- Jp jl fjJl j VI SJ^-lj sJa^. «Jy« 
<.^j*j> J U^o 8jl£c tOl£il dJJi c3 (/j^I fi oUj . JUJl ^ ^ (3^1 

<&S lifcS* hJi <Jl *JJL> (1)1 <uUi aJib (1)1 i|;l li| AjIj r-^J ^1 j^ 4j £-Utf 

S>LjM *JLa iJUilSTj .SJl?-lj a^aj <u*lj AiaSj AP-l^b (Jjiil «!Ap Jjw» U^p 

U* <0| .» g,.,rt>nJ J^i •0?*"' *i^^ -*-"* -^ ^ l^-is^J f l*"^ 5^-j-XJ SiJIj 

4jU j^l -^ -jXj L-fj .-Sn^ ^■^>- Jljy -k j^ tj^ c3 <^^" ^>Ajp J-y '*^j. 
jj$\ \$ JjI ^1 a£jA\ oJla o*jj .o^j a^I* k*J&- ^ ^Jl diJi oU 

.^^1 ^- jJl i^jU^s^I ^^^.1 tij^l^Vl wL$p JjT <u* j^| ^JL^S" 
c£*^ 5i»lj j^lj t jIjI^I ~i?> ja ijyJ (3^1 4*-^- ^Jl diJi t) Ji>-lj 
f<~" Oi? f jir' ^r*^ <^ ic^ *~A viJULLI aJ i) c^JUl i^LkjJl i_AjyiJl 

If t^Ui 1£X» 7t~r&\ l«*LP c£r*v^ ^3jia--l JL>- <cd*Uf j W*" <^^j '^! Jl * 

iJL^- J>5 fa '£*^b r^' ^ OIA* l^ v>* ^' °^J .(59)UiL-l 

A^/lw-li .ftUjLJl -^ 1^" rt^xdl odxJ ^^ M-^ V 4$yc« -^J .^JfcjUd^jl 

U|l3 l^ji(«i ^al JU^JI iil) (^j cii" 

^. 4^r >ui air ^ t ^i ^U-i Ji diiii ^y t ^»T J^^i a« 

Ui 01 Uj .jUadNl IJl* Lp aJDI ^JtJ toi^^* ^r^ -1 if-^SJ ^W ( 
u,U c^i CJjxJI O^tsr Jp Ip^sJy OlT »-JU» ^Ul SMa)I ^Uj" 01 ^1 ^ys*- 

.1470 *— viiJi OBT (59) 
201 



Jp ilU y£ 01 a^.1 cLyli Aijl J*4- i^L- i^iJl dJUil <^tj lij .^iJ 

£-♦^►•15 »-IjI} tAliJlil aJA ^y U^vi <^I]i aIM ^ (j&^ *-**J Pjs^ Ls*L*i 
dUi Ji 4^1 J>~ {fl .(^JL. iUJLJj tLjli viL^/d A-J^il a-^aJI 

jo JLjl £->jJ aLsAaJ^ Sjiil j* *£/> ^i ^ li J^l <-<j"J* ^P *s*^ 
rtP)j jl tJjjJl *Uv» OUM jl £-iJl j\ r-j-Aa^ j^i \a-X& t^Ul 

SUM ^ iw.UI <Jl* t) UuJl J~> Cy> OU->il ON dUi .^y-i 
*lijl l^ijj 0^ kiLUS* O^jsL* j^^J .^Ix* t^Al C-^JU p-fcAl/ 1 tl^ 

<^iJl ^jUil 1$ 4AJU ?wUa^ (*-* Ji**^ 'M^m^ ^*i^ UJ*^ '(*-^*^ 

v_-^= ^-J^J' a^-*5L-j 4^i frUii^jb c«^>«l5 «u«5o U 0j>o Olj tL>w ^4p«> 
ca^j axo jp f'UjJJ a?L>- J^jo^o 01 «uIp ON .(J^iJl JJ L-r: Jai^4 01 

«->j C^i^Jl Ot Uivi .*^-*ijl ^ Ij^ilJb Ol dy^aX^j V ^Ul AjU^j 
i .Jjldl} ^JLJVj Js»U>>t>0 diUS' Oju>j V-JLr^ ^)» M^ 1 ^-J^J 

*^» U (jy U II* ,i_-iJLJl 'I* dy>Cu^j V *LiNl ol^ OjJU*j N ^j-U^ t^ 

^^J o^ jJ&\ <-/*r\ l^a^j «o^^ ^ \=* v^y J* J^^* t*--i^' ^fj* 
4x15 U J5C JwJj Jail^ ot< Oil Ji^» : }tfli dilll ^^* c^T ^^ <0 

^li t lK* Ji\ OIT 1% : viiiil Jlij cd^Ii jjiJl v 1 ^?^ 1 * «?^^!m 

^l^S.1 i?^ t^-JLiil Cj/ Jij C^Njj CV-Nl CAiil ^.Ij Lyli dUJL-jj dJ^jl 

j^ -»— I JT JLp Siji-I Jp olj-JIj t-^iij y»j t*i J^5j tj^-l -*JV\j 0^-i^ ^ 
jy tdX-UI ol; (^lil J^ !)U»U U-> *UI diW» li^JtSil *^Sll aJU 
^ -uijj 4^>-j J5 |p «!«>*^ aUI J~- t) ^ ,«->ly» i) £M*. cHf 

f^JJ '•J^ flr*"^ W^* ^^3 (J^ - *a*^ *^ ^~ ^-^' J^" O^ tflA ^ t/^' 
^JJl t^U-l l3 JA' j^Ji ^ i±JJa -W? -(^^ viJJi OU^-i OU> 5^p <*> 
)fU ^^--vjl- t^i jj«^3l f^ J^J i*)>i*}\ SA-Jl a)US3 Ji ja *y*£ 



JLv 



202 





If ^li ~^ J !)Uiiw. OK" t^JlJI £JtJ1 l^V Oli <*tfNl aj* cjj 
OS ioJdl of *ip ,J>- -aSJI A Uj tjUaJ-l AiL L.JUP AljA- jlJaJl tbiL-l 
0<T ^OJI JU^jJI ilU oJL^i 01 ^ a^J cjj^-t oa^tj o*Ui 0)j tcJb^l 
t(J -li Jo £1. ^oj 01 ,y *»J Of jS^ (^>-f \j\j*\ -ui^~ £• *~^ -^ 
Ul^jcfU OL.I t) a« j^LJ jyy j\yf-. -u* J^yj t«LUl \5j*^ aJI J-yli 
i;.U -uc* ^j, cl^l Jj^AJI ^ ,i ^jli *A&* ^-^ ^M ^ cH 
L.T JU^JI dJLL. ^L, 01 AkijZ c^U-Al ^ aV-I^ a^ ^^ sal 
^Jk, of, tl^U-j 1^1^ <^M> jsM» ^j 'V- j*^^ 
J jj aJJ^I oJl* OJtfl Jlij .Jaj L-» Co.b- ^11 c&SJI £*^ <y oljUNl 
L,* JbJ, Jf Jfci* ^dl JiUI r - ^ Irt ^j V»UU a* £• ^ u6fii» 
JUjNI IJl* fl^l -Uy .aJJuU ^ Ojj IrJ^-J '^ t/* W* ***^ ^ 

i^f g^ j^i, i^u tu -u ^ **M o^ 11 iU 'u^^ 1 a* 5ajhUi b 
if t *sd» j^-i of j~ tjuujoi ji ^yii <o dim ^jj y£M <>j 

.a1s£ tj ^S3i«. 
^.Ul ijJbLl oJ* f £»J, ^lijll jfit cf ^^ ^ ^ (^^J 

iiyliil Jp frl^-i ol;lp LJb O^io Ol»c»-iJI }LM?f i>l*- JU-j OK" 
.OU-Vl vJIp «J ^ jij^z* ^jA\ A*, ij.\ ^U J*f Oy.jbj 
%ll JjSJ j* i\* C-S> ^11 ^UtAJ ol^Sfl K3U Lj-^i U* y^kj 
Jp b^-ji o ol AiU jUjfrll liiU ^jyil Slij JUi .\*jj jS\) £*&j\ 
U^JL-iJ ^ d\JaSj OjLUi Jp ^ UlT (60>oy» Ob^i *U-j tJiyJI 
OtT ^11 *>L^f i>U U-brj^ tjUj^JI ^ L^f U jSTl IJLi^ o^Uil 
(61)^1 jj& J^i ^JJI £IM ^1 jiL tj^ ^^ju fi ^ i^'li 

jyji ,> J^i z jf. cjIjjMi ^u £c- \^j JU501 Jl v*i as 0K3 

.^^kl!, Aib j, J* U» (60) 

•jrt*' /- b y ( 61 ) 



?n-» 



aJLft J| U>-jj {* viJJil J—jl tij^iJ ^ LJI IJl* iL l«JL^j .«Jj^- c~*jr\j 
jS^» Sjiji; 4igsf (^JiJ JUi tOL-lSw iw-iUl i^,-*-^ t^i L>-jj /o i^JiJ-l 

JLiP jlytil ^U tL-jli Oi-^ 8 " J < 64 )*^M J 5 *^ 1 ^*>i*y 'SySl* *i* a*a! 

«,LaJl j* AjjUil ^^u j^aJI Jp J-jli il^Ls*>s/ J^-l; AjUlij ^jU ,-iJL 
p**Js- Jp i^JLi j^ «Ai?l nj^-l #!& ^ lyL*i ajIjlp! Jp Oj*-**^** 
li!>U tA** ^All ^-jli ^tSlilj p^l^ Jp p»a ulj OjJb-jj (^aJI Ol^ij^ 

aJU ^ Uiy ,Jbj tiiSliJI <u~* y» ijAjj f.Zsf i.i^A^A s\iA Jb-I ly>\ C-^ 
\yj&\ l*JL^ *^>J .«J^Uaujlj *Jbi^Uj tiy&m* *-*j lAJii juS' OjJj i^JbfT 

t^taU tf f\J&y\ ofrl* 4*^IpN c^y* ,/ii 5^w*Jl 2--sSol 01 jjp t*A 

U>-^j *i Ail il>-iiv« ^-^>-i Oo L»JL^_j .^Aj^S A d\ JJ (%-f? C-i>»2Jlj 
yk U*w>- fr*5l» jj^l Jij t^jUll *-^am» (j i^i)^ T^J t*JW>» ^j*--^ <^i 

£+£ tlij^- oy^ *—*■ }^^J 'J^b <JUj«jj|j jj-jli iJLjwjl ^ j«i j^i. 

ijjUll Jp jjJ-l J U>-jj ^i r/ tjUaiNl iJUb Jboj .Jj-KJjj Cj\j\J\ 

*>L^»t J,l l^^asi* U>-ji fi ilp dJi JUy .JJ5 JL. 1^ jjJJI iOjUll ^Nl 

IJUb v-^fj '^L^ ^y < 67 )a1*U> ^s» Oj*- tiJJi ^-V*- .Willi !iU^ 

...^•1 uCL^I (il ijUil Jj^* : \^\j» ^11 ij^ 1 -^-^ jUa^^i 

■u*!/* J^ j* (62) 
•>U{)I tfijjU ,^1 JUi„JI JI^MI j* (63) 

■<V»J jj-ijj j* (64) 

.xjiwr ^ cj/ ^i ^^i, ^i ^^^ tfa ^ fi ^ (65) 

•j^*V- 15 ^ il495 «- (67) 
204 



^ i^U-j c*^Jdl *u ily-l j* OtT ijliJJ JpLsJI Ji-SJI 01 Uj 

^ Li^- jla>- ^ 1&L. ^ 01 U» ctiij l^ OJj gOJI < 68 )^Vi iiU 

%J Jp jU^-i wy^J Jb '<>b ^ iXr^J ^y '<j-> ^ cs-r* 

J^ "*#&* ^l&. *J*LUI Jjb Jpj t^-UI ^ jsap jjf*^ s-^ 
UJI yi^ Jl (»joJp 06} tiiBM JbUI Si*, ijjz^lj fjJI dJJ i ^ *Ual 

.iUi JUy .A^J^ Oy^JL UJLlP j^-JI jP Ji^^l il*J^ •^4"' £2^ <>* 

<.aJ OtT jjojl 01 d~£ £U-I ^jft ji dJJJU tjjli. 5SU*ujt c^-. fcjjdl 
t*->ljil ^^ (^j '**r~» ilili ,]*£ tAJlij CjI^p vir*^ "^-y O* CT* 1 * 

ipbjfcij t^JbrVi^ , t 0..,rt«; 4> JJLj tjj*JI /^ ^* fjaM < j***' <J M* **\ i***" 

01 js- \pf OlT Jy-aJI Ji Oi*^^—^' jUWjj *LmJI ^* 01 jjp . A£ 
Ja 4i\ £~£ t(K: lUyt y*ll J>-JL- 01 ^ liy- w.^ 1 <3"^ >»f ^M 
^sll viJJi j^aJI i,Ull ^U jJj .(j^JU ^j tfJi ^ i*-j Oji *^. XJL*JI 
yUsJto ol »U 4JI jW .IJJL. 0IT t^iJI uJ^iNl SJLiJ ojJl>-I U,J 

ijJLil aJIpN f^li tC' 71 )^*--^ t^i L>-jj ^i 1<^J J-»!£" 5*s*-* (J^ }^ 

(ii iW 'a -1 * ^ fJ* 115 il^ *¥> ^^ , ^U L» J ^ *i^ • JjU-Sl ^ 
f.^1 4i4 <—-Uaj} tjywaJI j<AftJb Ai«^j jAj <ilUi «^3»j Jj^u-Ml JlJli 
•jU*J-l Li V j*^*1j c^JJI Cijll jJ6 J IjJl Jvy ;isJ9 J| JjiaJ^b 

01 d-^ f Ijf ii^J Jlu SL^jULI 0^ Ljliil OK" t>L^I ^Ul U^. ^ J*y Uj 

.^AJI ^ r ^ ju* ^Ny (68) 
.1508 jyjiTl 19 J (69) 

•f&U ^^ (71) 
205 



djbr i*ju oir ^i oSf u*i ^j c-^-oo d^i v--i n ^y a^J 
^jj3 J-J »W J4 Jj*^ JtJj .^u» ju u >o)i of & jrku, 

.JlJL^j of c ^«p I* A~*A\j jl SjU^/lj ug^J c^&ij Oj^- £• ^ l*^—« 
Jb-lj CJlT ^Jl otiJJil ^ OLy' US' ii tJJ >i p SfcT ^» Uli .<u* 
Jul, £. ccjj&l J>> i) **->*■* 5a»U ^ _<>- W kr 51 W^ 5 "-r^ 1 

t>^ ^ jWt jyil Jpj tiib 3} bUi !JUu>U L> cctelJ I : ^^3 ^j 

J>-b £*> ja cJ\£ j SijiJU c-JjSiJ JjL-j OiUU- 01>«»j Oty^-j s-LjNI 

I* jtf^ Jj^ ^ ilfc-Vl vf- ^1 ^ J->£ ^ U$~yj cw^OI 
ijUll 4^iJL« (Jt^aij tip^Nl xJ^j ^yi-Jl U>-_jj ^5 ^*l ^r tOU*i/l ja ^^i 

£JL^> t(73^Lll ^jU JjUll ^^iJl v_jU gJ». U^ ^CX-I ^.ti . jst-U-l J> 

t Jjj^JLJ '0U~ 05 OijJl 01 \^-ji {* cfflj UJLtfj .Jsr-I; ^^J ^J^» u#"^ 

tj-^Lftil ^» -0 Jw" ojIT ^1 SjLi^lj 4<4 J-^y *^» OK - if^\ j£i\ *_-«-*>- 

J ijUil 9 f*b .^j^/l (j iui-Jl aAJL* LI— oi^ cOU^jlJL iy^-w* CJ^5l ( _ r oiJ 
^ JbJjJl Ij-i -r-j>r jl Li ti^b aS^» <^r*"J 'Jj/^l Oji iJ^L>JLl JvLl 

«iaS iJU-i ,Jp I^Jj^il ij>^i\ >wjU-l ^ l^r«A tj^*^' _/*"Jl <-jUw^?I ajI^- 
ja jk»I^1 t» SJ^i ;y i>^\ ^ "^ 'Oi^i -^ c^JL""'^* 0j^»l^l 0^3 

jAt _>*J c^Vit SLJltf ilk* flitj jUaJ-l ,*»; ^ tcLUi j^j 4jO*JI ^a*lj -s-w 

.^u^i jjia-t frU- oi Ji t^M 1 l? <j>t4 ^ u3kl ^ ^ t^ £ y^ 

J| l^l^i tjil/ <^L- J-yt (2LtJ* ^ jUaJl U.UP l>-ji ^ 01 viiJi 



. J»-UI J> >• Uk^u Otf *1 JB <3I J-. (72) 
.j>gi will y» (73) 
206 



i>* </*>- J**" ^ * J*^ <^ U J e^ 1 ^ C-^" ^ ^ '^ * 1ju ^ 

s-^u l^ - bJLp Jij t^aiJl i-aiJl* ^ Ob*^ I^JK' ^jjJJI *1JIpNI .wJU-I 

llj .JU«JI fjj f\\ Ja^j d\ 4-« «-_-JLL» L>-jj *2 ^^x) t JUj^JI Jjja~-I k_JU- ,J| 
ijJdl tj jLJI £pM oaJdl Ol*«~»j t Jn*j cS^ 1 jfc&l ^^ <j-l* viJUU ^fj 
NLSI IjLafy cJUJI j^» iiiJdl J[ O^p*^! J^o .jj-li J.I t>\iU sjUjJ-I *i,j 

Jujrnll JliJ^JI k_^ j^ jUai tLi^il j^ Jl*i«J}} SJbJti l£l* *—al 
ilpj .(i^iJI ifsr- Jl Ol^JaJ j-« jJLioiiJj twyJI 4^- (Jl 4I-— j^ oJUuIl 
t^gSo fLSJI OjX AiJ~ jU<aJ-l **> -ux) 4bLs*l 5p«s»l^ Oi 11 ^ *^ u"^ vi^ 

OUMl Ja** pj&r ,j* cCwjIj *•**"!* j*S {J&* p-r-* J^ *^>A*Nl cj* 

,laa....« ^ jjJjZ-w* J^ i! p^^fM*il ^Uj A***l[ Ol (Jp ,^-li ctAL* jJLi 1 

t llli» «J»JI AjU !)Ls<!»1 5^1*^ *U^ toLjlp, jj* Ol;lp Uoli Ai« 0^-io 44— Ij 

J5Ci Jp j^ Jo^ (78)^1 Jl ^J| ^ l^y t<J-J ii ^jj! OjS^J ^ 
jj^U^I pP^J oiiJdl tikis' .( 79 )4il>- 4i*iJL« v_— ^Jj ^j^M *\&>cum\ 
ijlij ^ p*j jUI Oyiiaj l^^ ^JDI iiJbyM c3^U' *U, dUJ^j l^T 
^•li dlL £ji U i^j . Jj 4>j J* Jp Nl Uil^ j^ f. ifjtt {\£*2Jti\ 

.jftli (/i tg,X. r i j» (74) 

.1514 ii- (75) 

■jrijS' L»-jj f-i j* (76) 

-j*fll r^lb a" 1 * >!&• ^ *l^-j '^1^1 Jli^ij «jj> J*^ (^ »M -A»-i (77) 

*S*f 5jL« j! .lyas- j^i\ ^>JI Jl "i/U» l^lc ^jtfl _^\ «_>> ^ uiil ji\ ol^ ^ ,y JU-ii (78) 

•(f^r*) V-^b Jr^l? J 1 *-^ 1 °W~ a* 

.1516 Jwi^ J (79) 
.^/ b*-j, f» (80) 



oni 



a^U aUp Jl v_-^3 tilJJb jUo>JI iUU (80)^U.l jj^l <a**3l ai* <j 
4JI/TI c jp ^ j* c^Nl u* tt**l J>N fc/> <%ft <i fc^ 

ami ^ J> g,!, <0jl1 ^ fl^tf^ J-i J--J» J-yti .ilxNl^ 
jfc- ,(81)L~>- ^W»l yL»b ^^ ^ **r* rV^ 1 U^ 1 ^ 1 

Sjfcl- jai; { LoJdl «& i*UpS/1 Ol^Jj o»iJdl ^ £>l ajIp <J Oj>UM 

<J-r ji r ji* i^jc^ (i ^ .jUJ-i i^ r b ^i i^ j^ Cja jy» 
jjl.j ^i ji otr ^u-i 0^, ^jj^ji ^ c _,^ <3^^ u** oir «rt 

Jp l^jPj 4 5^r W>f 0j>»>1 U L^Ait i*Uit :>>*• £• £M o* bap 
jl^l c^£ Jj\ tfJJI SyUil Jb4 4*lU 01 0~ t(J -li dU* ^ ^J -Ci^ 1 

u- u Ji **-y *^ cijji i>* ^ oU ' ^ ^ 'j 1 *^ 1 £* ^ ^^ u ^ 

^/Jil JS^M ijSf f*A ^^(^JUujjJI ^ iai- Ojfttt C-**8 U0» 
aij .^»t Jl j^aa. ilp ^ c^oAl ^ bap J»j tM 1 a- l*r* V^lj 
JUjjJI iUU ^l 01 Jl ojJ^-l *Jub Jp &jA cAJu*&\ sop v^- 1 ^!3^ 

(83 Xgpfr J^X, 
* « 

ixJLfj ^jj^I Jp Oij^^-* ]y^~ ^^f- *!&>& »«i» OLy^JI ^^wil 
iiJUL? OtT (84)^y jyl J| l^J\j jj^j JLUNl ol»l/Ll CJK' 01^ i3tl*> 

i^*j 'WjS'b 'triu i^J^Ay 'ia** *— J ^- - ***** j** fi*~ 4j 1 -' </ J t/J*{ ***)' o* ^ 1 r+^'j* ^ (81) 

.jyiy. 3 J (82) 
.jl^I, OUj^l Ir^-j (83) 
.i\f. ^ iUi y (84) 
208 



oJL. JUij t L-l ^llii L ^j *l*J^ Wb ^ W - ^ U (> - 
•Ja Juii ^jWI ^3 ci-^AJlj v-joH* 5Li ^ ^J 'Ji^ 1 ^ u j!t-' 

J*ji, ^ Ja>l *J»Li J* JL* ^^J •*$ VI cfe ^b J 1 *^ 1 

juI ujj*j .^ujij v* iJLil 0* ^ c* *«jW *>• -* 1 0L ^ 1 <o* '!**" 
re 4*L- cJ- cje j>\ hr* r&* Jl u^w» ou^i ^ o-di a* VJi 
jp ^ <s^ ^ cjit a*ji jjji jy*, .%J &u. ^1 uy^ (ij 

\^Li lt kJ\ iu-^ j>Ail CJ^ .^j>l J u^l £M 0* **fj *»^ 
SJU, ibj, (CJUUl t) CJ*" </)! 4^1 </]^ ^ tw»Uil^ J*-" 

dUU o^J ^ ji- ^ <> ^Ir^ 1 ^ )y* K> ' ou ** i 

^-li vlJJL- UJUli t^jdl oJU ^g (86)^1 .1407 *L, tj-yf (85)JU^I 
^/I^Jj iijU- SJU> JOu t4it VI tSUilj OUyJI ^ ^ Jt^ 1 <> 
01 jr.^1 IJU l^y? ^J c»JUU> <^/JJ d% >&/» {J <u*J^1 £kJ\ 
*Ja^j { lij .iij- ^ ot y-Nl Opjj iuWs-U cSr*^ Cr^x!/*" t5 ^ aj " 
iolijj JUj^II d)JL- *> <3 il -^ 01 Jl JU;Ml IIa a^*j ^ '.>> ^ jlf 1 

^,-li dJJLt aL«Uj 01 c3 ^i «J "-r-?*^ ***J -i5*^' ^** ^^ *s*^f-^' <-€«! 

4iwy .OUj ^^ (^ t4JL>- OJL^ 4-jtfj J^ ^ 4^^ ^1 *4V ^^ 

J-jl 01 Jl ^ i^- o^JI ^ ^i ^ Jr * c3 o^U^I Oj,b cSjOjUll 
J ^^ a^Al Jl iiU ^ Jij c!b^T Jl 4ttij <« V u d> ^ >l dlU 

Jr - Jp h\£S\j OjlUJI A*Lio Jlj Uj . JUujJI ^ 4J jil ^1 (88) y .jJI 



•■>j!^I (85) 
.a;U> fi (86) 

.£-iJI (^"^. (87) 

-o^i! <f* f 1 ^ ^ ji J j* (88) 

209 



^yjf iJULU J«*J1 iJtfi x> ^jhij .« < ^w-il jy.Nl j^» OI^p cJ- ^u 

lj jl jxJI ^ $1^*. i^j- SOp JL5i tl..p- 4(89)5iJLi.l eJLA j-^^>wJ L^*»«-i 

tp CJ^JI UftUI J3 o%)l J>-b l^ f\i Jj£~* aJL* cj lis} 'O 3 ^ 1 

• (90) Ui^ ,/* &* ^ -^J <^» 



oIa ,Ju^ JLp dJJi li^"i If C%fJ\j ^yS\ Jilil OlT L.JLP 

£• Lf^jl ^1 SJUhUil J r- jJJ i S>j~dl OJlII 01 4>«iL» Ol£— J^j lAijJllI 

J* cdJUi <Jp U)Ip O^ ^f i*^ ^Ui^/I 4-*^aJ -0 J^*J 01 I^Jtc>- ^U lLJUU 

[jj>-l^ i^Jlil j>*A Jf- }^)** '*k*»i C$1 j>* Ui*Jj^ [)>»*»*»' '■^-s^ '(j - ^* i -ri^" 
01 Oj.5 l^»»*Jl V c jJjOI aJL»*s».o !tel <jjUI Iijj— Sj ojlsi-[j 01 *r^«l U JT 

aij uoxM a^ JUhLiJ dJJi -U, LpJ| Jfcil f C 9 *)^ £U-!>U ^^ 
j£j tUU^i ^Jl oliUNl ^jJL UUal 04-JU oj^l ^5 U-l£» jSTI OlT 
<LJL£ j£c |i U jy&l IJUh ^JU* ^-^ SJb-lj aiaJ- t) ^i>^ 01 *lil ^li 
jL« (^^ (^jj J| |jj» lf«io- JLu-lj ts-bJI^ J^JI ^ j**iH tlJ^"H) Ol 1 -' Jl^» 
iijb. Ji^JI ,*jLJi ^ JUjjOI iijL. <-J»1jj <L-^iJji cJ/* iSJL> ^v»l t£-i5l 

lOS} lOir^r^ 1 -^b 'W 1 (i 1 lS 13 " ltI?* 5 * v4 ' e *bj U J ^' ^ ^ 
y^I \^j i%J\ Jl ilp |f niJI a^o. <^JJI ^vaJI Lj <s£JLf Ox. «^- Ji 

C,.jaJj .U14 Aj,iUu. ^ Ujj 0^*^ **■»** •*« J-^»J *i-^- J^J 1 ^ Jl 

. 1463 j!*-*^ ^ (89) 

..1464 jjIj 20 j (90) 

.^#t J^b-» ,y ^J S~j *y '1471 c-s* 28 4 (91) 

210 









i_? w • « *^ -^\^ 

^1 > w ^^ UL»4 ifJLiil aij .S^sS" ^l*»j i£j*\ ~r* ■^■^ cijUll 

IJj'U 06" UJLP ^ t^lj^l ^ *j£ jJL^ l^JLS} U^*#i (.g^fcijj JLil; 
UJI ^ ^^1 £l>- aajJ> J»je\ tj^l ^uiJI ^-y Ij-r ^Jl (jji\ ja*j ^ 
kill* 01 Up <u£3 c( 92 )L>-jj. <^i ci^jjjl 4i. ^i-J ^L^JIj JjLL* j/j^j 
i*A? Jl^-I ^JasJif 5UII ^ j& jOpj ^jU ijjf ^ ^il u^\j ^li 

(^ 4^i Js»^> olj^aj U^Ooj Jl>-lj £ ( J»LsJI (_^| l^ ^lay iillaj LjJLp <j Jajjj 

,^-U dJUU Ji>£ J*UII joJ-lj ti>»^ J| iPp-j c-**-, 1^^ il~^ cJJJl ajIju 
w»L!L>-U kiJJLJil ^L-J il— ?- tfK 5 * 1 ^ (Jj^ J^Jj*" J' <3-iU^- 0ji>o Laj^I; 
fU-l ^ .Ol»IJL% JiUl oUliaj frlJLpNl 0L;> Oj-Urf iiliA j*j CjiajLl 

^ ^j ojflu UdjT j* s-M^t) tOL-yiJI ^ iJU *^» ol o^LJI Li *05»L- 
0^ (h: uiM^ 1^^ o^"^ 1 ^J^' ^ tujL'Ull ^ ^1 jjp ^. a^-j 
•*^U Ji Jy-**JI ^ f**i4 |i^> ^ ol Jp j^jl ^>- Sjy SJUSo ^Sfl 

N j^l«>- i«Ja*JI ip^JI t ^j (4PLJ| ^ybu 0;jl^*j 4JU»j iJaJ- (H^J^* 



.-• 917 = 1502 iu. (92) 
•Or-*" (^J i^U) f* (93) 



211 



jJIaJI Jm?j L.JLiP *j\ d~£ ilSjPr 4^1 \yg~\i Cw»UI J^l Ci ytjat ^ i 
£. ^>*~j\ *& /. 01 *>W ia^l cj ibji ^A 4^ f**Hb *^ fB 

g\Jas-#l £>i jJb- j> ( 94 )£U-I d&j .fL.1 a^jI a« Jvy £-?■ c*>L^I 
tJJL>- Jl AjJL>- ^ ijUil l^i,!? L-jli as*~*~ j£ r/- f tOL^i a*(jIj 

^u ou> otr ill j£J .ji^3i ^ i^^-j ysa <»6) Jm ^u~i c^ otr 

jia^U Jjjai\ *-pU t^aij <97)j*-U-l Ijja^- ^Uil CN dJJi jyw.Ja;...j (I ^ 
J\ JS Jiij iijJIL JUJVl Jl tO&ll jjU Jj,jj £~l~- aJI jjaj yy t^J-l 

♦1U j>^l 01 JUy .aaJU V\ v!^ 1 Ji J-*i (^ '^J O- 4 J*^ 1 C^" 
^ ipS y'L> ^11 U£* j^U-I £jU UU (%-a^j *UpNI Jp g a*ja> 

«jf ^yu« <_^1? ja aJ^. iiL» OjJb-j tc^-^l Ja*4 VjjA\ J>-i f c^VjJ^l 
jjai 4*^ JT Ua Jtfj iS^J.1 JUj J-^j» 4%-^! J^*J s-^*^ a"^ ^* ^' 

.(JjJii tja?- J&\ iU^lj J"J*J t*^4j ap-^iUj 

^ i^ J^,i Ji Olf L.JUj <^jj iOlTVjU. IfU OlT c^iil jj^jS t^i ^ 

•u- 1 * ^Vi (»5) 

.ijJill ,y iJbt- L£ (96) 

.UiT ;,rj ^JUI j» (97) 
212 



01 J-^aij *j[ -UL-^J JU Sb>i L^l*£ <u~Jb (j\j lij .^-,1* Aj\^. J} i^iL* 
IjlsSi t*j *.IJja»Mb ^p^aij t^>«~JI tj dlL. 01 Jp eJb J (Ju-Jlj oyc 
^ OtT (^JLH (99)ou^| J| L^L-j ^1 ^jj ^jUil ^JaSj u«, U^ 

^-jli iSLhtof (100)^^1 ^ OUI Jb-f aJ! ,S*r i*te- LiL- <^ ^ 

£lM \yd\ h^&u ly£, jjJlJI ei^ 0& .tJ^yJt JL> «OpL*o 01 dJUULI ^. 

J*l£j fc^, ^ ^ ^"^ - 5 >^" 1 '^W u" OO-^J **£>!> 4 i3iUI 

^ AJuJ JlrfJI jj OUj .4^1 ^| ^^ j^j 44*, LjlT jjji\ o^v-^ 1 

g;l JOi. 01 Oji <i~~. wMjJ ^&- oljUJI j-io y»j j^asd] ft U-j .Ji-^^dl 

"■J*J 



(i)>Ujl ^i 

tT* 3 <> «< 2 >J^ i l *t>^ <> j^^il ^yuu m Ij— I S^ oJL. 

i ^ Cf •**& y ijfo& Old j->l J t^d»j 4v- us ^>" *»U1I 
JUL U^ j^Sfl Lu OK} .JL.I ^^ V} J 3LV.U5JLI 
<<V- Jl j«-JI 01 vl^-j .UU-1 J Vj UJ S-, JT ^jbjb ol^i (il^l) 
cl «^1 a JA o^ 4i> cjJr\ jj^ Ufr J^ { c fcU Lu ^, olT ^1 

y- && 4 c-]> «^ ^i ww-i >i- u^ ^ ^ ^^ xi ^id 

.0U>-j »jy ^ yj (98) 

.411 Ji* (99) 

. i fiJ V Ji\ ^y ^JiJI j» (100) 

J 

■ »J j i., n « ^piii jl (1) 

.(l^p) J^li J»-jil _^vJI J**. (^JJI j-iil i> U> ,y») .liT (2) 
213 



JiU oL-j aJLjt iibk ^ J--^ Ol£i .^i- i* JU>r- *U~* Ai Jb^j J~s*allj 
jj£— c£j** ty V: »V^ (^ ^ ijs*-**!! j^aaSI l*fLc) tiv j^ J^-j 5JLiv» 
iJ^-Ls*j JjL* 5Jp Itf ^ \j> die-j^ ^i .of>pj j>£JI j^aill i**-Jl» jyw» 

*k^\ ^LUJl i.^ L*w-ll frJoljJtJI jj^J ^ i-^l j^LJI >*f w ? .h 

JUjftii dJUL» ^-SjaII Ifr^U Ij-vail J>* S;lll jJ^A—JLl j^\ g\*jJ\j (Xfi 

J$\ tfb iljus«.l J* 0VS3 wJjl^- 17.000 <**j t^L^f J=p-I Uji*. 

Li^l Jl> a^JL-I -uyj tjjjj^^-ll <^Nl cJ*ib*-l i_.....o **jL> 3j^s— *Jl 
•^sff' ci *a*»j *Lp j^ JJL» U *j> iiyi\ ^y* jJLiJI lit: L£»-3!- ,JJ**i *^ ,<>- 
v**^ Jd^* ^? j^3 '^-^ f-* JL ^*^ 4 <^r* f A V^ f j— *i^l ^^» 
iiU Jail cis^ ^Li Jl J^ Uj -Vlr* ^^ Oy^j *^ jvwd' 

*Ja>- jyu 01 il;l ^-yi 5JlpL-w. fJUJ ykij tlJL*-ij Ujj jA-Ji ^^u c-^yf 

44** IjAAi; 1 il^Ail^ jv*^l tlN tjyc*flJl ^pAill <^l 4*-jJ A^J tisrols /»^!-ltcJ 

j»*JI ^ i^.,,/ij t^JUl ypjl ( _ r tfj,<Jla; i^»—*j .*U* L*^i ifJii jSJL-- ^f tl$Jb>-li 
iwUM a^jJI^ tNjt ajuLJI hfjjl\ j v^. J*£j tOjJli dJJU* ^ I-j^ 

>waJl ^1 J^»-i 

r ujJ Vj i^ji, jjyi ^ iijpu J\ t ijjdi r ui dUll J^j k*. 

J^ i-Pjj C^ywaJI ,^iJI ij& tl^l* Jfr yUo U OUy.j tJj^Jl ^JL»*o 

l^,*- ^li aS\^J- & cWjdl %^JU ^0 (I JjPI jSCJ . JlxiJI ^ -Hj 

J^UI j>J\ Uj^j . JJ-b Oj^Nlj tA^lib j^a^j J>eJI^ tj o^l t) \jJtfS 

01 Ni .ijjdi i^i^i ijjj* or u jr jjk-Sfi ^ iiui j*j t*Jy- 

I^IOj (.pr^-j (^-bub (^ , !y ( *!y* 'jia>*U Oi•>A , |«fr--^l ^j ^ OlSLj', 
jA iL~^ Ujij Ui^j 1^1* ^ JT olT Uj^ *iSf ciUJU tJl^JI cJjJI 

.1458 *i- (3) 
214 



toJjXi ijh iiUi ^ t^Jl^-l £*■ j* j*\Jai\ <-JjJ9j {j>J>\ J^pL iUil 
i-*»Jil ijlij C-^- U-sr- IpUj ( 1 j... ai l ^p Oj*iU> I^IT Oh tijUll 0} J&- 
Jl Oj~*»-~il (»-«**» tijall Jl ^UwjVl Jp l^pjl iJl^jl *+Ji\j 

JA £jU*3j i^lsA^ cJlS" Ifrt ^j»^j Uj*i*4 01 li-P I^IjUj tw^l^Vl 
t^ p-fcly ^iwu ufp w»U«— jVl Jl Jj^a->li tjpl j^ IJLj>- i~*^j JLjJb- 

tl*JU& ^Jl 5,LjM, ij^UM i^-^ fUt IftT diiil J*L£I OK} .OlaJtl 

igjlA *} jjrtl ^jj tj_ r JI <_JlJ aJUJI ftlijJI CjI^P v_-J^b j_yiJI Jp ^U 

jr j ja* 4-ii lUdii, tv^ «s>u cji^i .(y^u ^bujt -,, .,^ : ol 

^* U ^ t/ *L i V ^ ^jjifl ftUapJj aJU-j £*~id *~^ £. OlC 
. Ji-rtl Jl ^"^tJl J t j i iLdJ OjJai-*»j tApl^Jto Aijlill mUj |^ <*Lfjjj-J> 
j o^T y *L->- £. tJJJI .Jl**^ Jl ^IJaAil dyh villi Jp JU-I ^^Jj 

4 iS^t, IpIU* OIT ^OJI jySift r 1i JLj-UPj .jwU-l t*T ^ ^Jr\j ^1 
y-jjj todf i,i ^ 1^ ^l p^ai- ^JLJI oi£-JI jUI tj^fl ii^aJL, 

«-Mib jyifl J\ UfcP, .^jUI OjJL^ ^1 CJ ^JI J^l Jpl ^ o^JUu 

fA^jj of aja^ '-j^ 1 5l ^ ***u W-* at W* 1 <^_M ^ cr^ ^ 

(*^* J*** rf t ?^ aJI (^r*^ 1 y*~i <{y^l «— *L5il l^liai tjJU, I^JL-i 
^^ Jl jyNl ^iU, ilJi y-S cuvl-l ^ jSUJI l^JL-o 01 J^ ^ iUi 

Cf C^ 1 ^ ^ ^' Loi ^ *0^ *ZJij* .*>jLilli aJ Oil c£Jd! 

jL-J ^^l; hiJ±\ Jl viUil J^^ . ft ^W 1^ 01 Oji i*^l ^ 42i pfgj 

J_C 4lil I^LA ft I^JI ^L i^T Jl aJ^ tfJUl o>wJ,l Jl a^ ^ 
^jsj 01 Ji iCSMj^ ^i ^ cuT jil Jl l^iL jlu-Ij il^LJ. & 3j ±> 
AMA J t£f J^-- Jl^l j>*-~ i- 5 ^ J UjU^l- jl ^-U jJLU ^50 .««- Jl 

aJ^-l iv ^-jyJi iiiiii jiip ^u Waj a«jj .(6)1^ ll^i 5}^ «>ii 
oV ti^Aii Mart jji ji ^j-i jipj ^^ oi Oji *JUu>ji Ji u^i; 

.1458 lu. (4) 

•a-*-* 1 * tf* j jW f» (5) 

215 



4*J<y «-** Nl Jiia^I (ij ciLiJl 3£} a^-xJI Alii t^f C-^» If c-kL* 



^ ij^i ju j i^ji t i^r i«> Oj^. au^i otr .^l^-i s^i 

<J y*j LftU ^ ^ U> 01 Jl iiUNU i^> **jT J-J 1 ^- ^ 
JUL ^ . j,> J>l J < 8 >£-!> <-~* ^i ^L» a* WW -W ^3 'rr^- 
cl-J VI J^L <»>!*** LL>I ^j> 01 jJj OU^JI i*a* Uyj-j Uj^i ^1 
Oj^T V^-oj .fc- u-^j uo*U OlijWI ^ c C jJ ^ ^ «->> a* 
Sss-jjLli, <N> oy^ 51 ^^b ^ LJI ^J^ 1 ^ t/W^ V**^ ti ~ LJI 
Lib CJ»T Vli JUUj .L^p OwJ-b i - :,U, ^^ 01^ *-^ 

ji vjip ^ ^ j^ ^ ju&. ou^i j^p t) ^ ii~)i* i^> 

Ul)^ WIp c^>f j>- nsjA ty* o> u h W ^ a* 
t JU«fy " tv *JLH OjU-s-i J^IT ^AJl £U«% jW» ^ ^^ e* 'r^*^ 



•>>. <>' J (7) 
.JL.I iujl : ^U^l ^->!l (8) 



216 



y C»U-y-»Jil P-lyl A-*^J tS^-tt i^\jj lf^ Ai^aJ C-Jo cdJJi tf %Ja*j 
L«^il jcJlil l^ tyySj cJLfJl ciJJi <^jW-_j-^> i^-l y C-Jl^vi tOlixJl^ t_J^vail 
(Ju^ajj £^i 0*j Jp ^iy .i^»- JT ^ l^} OjJL lylT jL^ ija*-l^ Ljjlj 
i;L 0l£« g ijJdl JLsr-jJj .ij-^JI ^-yJl -u^*ji <^JJI (10)UJ J^ *ib> ja 
OK" t^jjl ftj^l ilfl5~ Li^il ^ fli« jta tw»I jC«j L^l a^-jJJ frl^AI i»-i» 

^ .iJOo c^Ujjl *lj J tU*U OK" 4jl JUj ij~^ ^ jywaJI ^pduiJI ol^l 

Ul -M^sJl c^jl} ,>o viAJJLIj i£j\J>jj*a jf-j Olij/t- /y^ t^fci" jU>il 
C^j <»} ti~£ UL**| j* \-k>r ~*~>J lf^ *^J W^* ^i-^ t^>-Vl k_Jl^4-l 
ft^Li. Ujlj** I <JpI ,^* .uLiy . c5)U» J**- 4ii-U ^j SJtfjll f- j^JUJl Iji* 

4i^li 1^*5/ U^o ^ cl^ (iaji/* ^/^ ^srj5 4&U i»lJb ^ U^tfU- J^)/« 
Ji iJU- liUaJ c-ii .U^*J jU» ot JJj ^ t^ ^Ul J,| I^ISL- ^j 

iJUi JUj yj J-jl (i2iUb> iJjL Jb-I 01 > .LiUI J| JJ4 «JI a^ CJIT 

-ii^JL- j^ j>-\ LiJi* 5Jji i^ i»>-Ij .JL^aJI jJJi Jb» c^>-! 5^ Cj>j+£- 1^1 -^ 
Jjl ^Ip cjU^I jJUU < JjS/l l^-ji Ul^ t^-U ^ ^ j^ cJ-j t^-li 

L»j jv«Vl IJU U|)P u-^5 - J^»i 01 jJuli j^J .wiLJ-l lJUb Jp £j\j** C^> 



W > (10) 

.1303 i- (11) 

•^ o) ■*** y (12) 

.jir. ^ iJjL. lijlt tJU-iUj yi kUJij (13) 

.-a 818 (14) 



217 



Oj^Nl £jj Ujupj tO^bl 3~*«- JUujJI dJUL. b-ji (Oi JIT 

01 ci**LJl oU*Jl ^ ,>*JLil Jij t^V" O^ 1 «J J 15 t^idj J»U- £* 
01 u^iJJj 3il.Nl ^A^cAiiJl dll" ^ Jit 4ii£~- o>. iLO* J^l 
c*Jb£ J*t, j> ^ tyl lL ^Ull (lr ^a-U i J**>-Nl dUi ^ UU> p^. 
.ojL^T a^iaP o^- 3JL*1 3J1&I obUo-Nl iU^Vj tfc-* j^> J* pJl yj 

ojdi ji Jj^jlji ^j\a at^u-ai ^uUap^ cUi^ ju_,u*- o*^ 

.MiJl. %> dttll Jl ^^ 3^-jU-lj 5-U-»Jj» ^ U^i, 01, c^till Jlj 
i$Jd .ilUMj^t jJJl Jjl-U Jj^ JJU l^c 3|>Uil ON tSJjf-- ilAJi f Jij 

gp j^ x> v >i dWi jut .iKij jr sji)V, .^ # Jf <> ^y 

JLio*i 4t >JUil XyUft ^j i«fcV g^ ^ a;I aJI j^l 01 i~ t^U^i 
^\ du*.j ci&il -o CJly OjpIWI l^ ^-So iij-AOj <")U^P Li^- 
j\&\ J dUU 01^, ji .JU^iil ol£ll ^j ^^ ill ^ ^^ IrJ 1 ^" 
oy-Nl d^. ^ 'Aibt ^ 5J^f £• <i*)w»^ ^ J ^A '**r~* 
villi J y> \^j .^jy. *j> XU^O^^I Jb ^ £• Ol^oll 
^jJLl "«J J^Xli «JU^i ^ W*" O 1 ^ 'c/ 1 ^ 1 ii* C^ -1 °' ^ t0 ^ 

tJit r c i^u \y/& f i^m & 3^ j-> oy*.\j ^ oyi=~ yr ptf 

^ a-J JjJ ^1 &,- Jl JT* r Ll xo l^jj .^TIAI 4 ^jlU Ji 
d~p- c^yJl 3^ Jl ^yi V-l^li *U-C J^yt, .U— > uw- ^ ^1 ^^ 
frUaa.1 Ji ya^li t tr bf A*J ^1 ^-^- l ^-^ & U-j» 3i-^U *i 0,U 

^j .oi>;i gjil jr y>- iiu»j ^i^i 5^1 ji jUMij ji-ji 

c^l &t j* >1 01^. 3^1^- j\ tJUifiJl Jl ^j^l« viilil (****« 

.JJli>j «U»yy t<A iUj t^-jUy Wj ^l : ^ (15) 

.jl^l^ dU-iS" ^ j* (16) 

.>j oJt 50 ,y. (17) 

x^d' ^ j» (18) 



218 



u* ^Mi Oi^ cf- ^** 'j«-r !ir^i && JW>J1 j* ja*JI IJu Ji. a^j 
•<i >* 01 J *UI J* J$il ^-SJI jytfl dUi j& . V^JI j>% JWH 
^*^» ilj ^>j j^ as--. cjiU-j c!5U juask ^ yi| ILL^WI oLa 01 JUy 

a* u^ 1 lil Jjr^ <^»Ufcj ^ L> 0^S> t JUiNl ^>j\j ^jlj *JU 
oij . fr Ull £ aJ^, J& Jj^JI j^S^f aJI i,Ull £y lij ^ tj ^\ a^- 
^ JL ^U, tj ^H\ Jl a^ a^Uil OS" \c-. 4jN : ->Ui vfJJi ^jb- 
^ ^ ^1 aij.ojiT aiyo Jj^JI J L^UI, cw^l^Jlj Jj\j^\ Jl J^/l 

aJJI ^ . Jj^l 1^ ^ •.aUtf Oy^ lylT ^aJI ^j-j jjull Jp ^pJL 
01 Oji ^ ^jjjab* I^Uai 4«iail v!^l Jl j^VjUhj ^jL-Uu 01 *Li 
*4» t/^ tt J^b *^i»-tJl cj 5JLj~L£ iS^, iib il vl^Jb-j .UJ*>tel \yifa~i 
Jl ^>wJl tC^JUo ijUllj <0^ uirN^I Ol J*WI is\j li, c^ULl 
iUii j£j 14J \ji^^a 4(J -li __>L ^JU fO^. C~j JI OlOlj c^aaJI 

jl c^uii > JS Ji, .ilii, u» Jp y^j ^ t jU-l ^ \jL^ life 
^ -**-j (/J 1 jj^l c^j ->W» £. jil Jl |j> ^.Ul ^bi^L t^-l Iyb4 
*sV J» **-j ^1 1^1 l^iij 01 Ojj ^T I^p Jp yUa^j .I^U- fr UU)l 
w»b r UI i^Uil VJ U. OIT ^jjl y^U ^ jy&l JUiV ^Jbb yy y^ 

(b 4 ^b lt^ 1 J* j^i viUi yu ^bfj dim oi r ^..^ Jy, .(W)jp 

& jjJ^ ^ U ^Ur 4v- ^ vlJUULI ^j aij .ijjiil J^a^l JUj Nl 1^ 
Oil; Uj cjUujJI villi i^M Lib J^JI dJUi JLu oJdl c--ay .o^ Jl 

.ovi t/ >. ^jr 

01 ^ j*j 4i1iLi ^ lC^ OIT a^ L| oi U>l y^ Jji 

.utsu-v ^ ^ cuiiai J>4 ,Ji civ- x> ^, oir o^^jli" j^f 

.jMI jy. - -»!»«, . ^L> CJIT iljUl oi l^ut .j,U- Jl C b£ V yui WUI *U (19) 

■J^%» tfJ c-yT oJJb. j^i tf jj| (20) 
219 



OS" <^JJ1 ( 21 )o^)j Olj oJUtf Jjyil; oIjIpj Ol J^- Jl dJJi J^t ^ UJL. jl^ai 
*~>$f~ CjjII IJL* cJjj .AiwJI aSIjI a> 4X3 lJb»- Lji OK} a^*J *-Ip Ar*' *** 

*k) ir^ ]fif^ ^V^j tiUi 4 1^ AM (22)iLU^ v iiJL. fr U Jb4 01 jJj 
fj*^ Jp <*Pjlj fliy^ 4^-U JU^SI dli« (tLjl -V>-\ 0^ 4c5jJbr OjJb ^^0 
^U Jl^9 dJUU OjJb ^li J*I ,Jj Ol -Uy .(23)^^ UjL* UL^-I Ji 
Ji CJK* li-^xj-wt ibr-_}) ^ (24) U^yi ^| j^-| ( ji\^A t-juijl *Aj tOlyu- 

.(2*) v ls£j| lift ^ ^1, £}UJ1 J*»aJI 

tLS^il ^ j>/*s->j u^^fr^ 5-^iJI (j-U; <LUNl s-jj/M c^-UI 
CjIjIp 5Jp -*j«sJ> (^i _5j*^d f^ (jAj "j 9 "^ OlSsjt ^ ( j\U-li* j^ *t i j>J 

^t *A^i ot is^aJ oi^-Ji ?- j»tj oi^iai *->\j>\ Ji J-^y t>^ *«{Mi J* 

J*J *tj\ j*-^- j>y 4Ai*- Ji f ■$■■/»«; j»j .^>-l 0l£* tj lj*-ii ^^-t l^ilp 
tLL>1 Jl j^JI il;l lil * JUujJI iJJU jjApy toi-^ 1 ^ a* j^L '<>& 

(^ i ctiii ^ iiri o^ • iu ^»- ^ jtm oJi* ^*f i^Ujij 4«j^Uj of 

JaAai (^ t^ Jp o[,Ip ^ ^1 Jl j*- ^a j*l ^-li jilU jU»j 
01^1 ^ OUJI Jit l^lj .*\j\*j Jl^i ^JM ^ V^i ^^jll iSiiL 
a** 40s^ y.^ ^j !^ 'Slill ^ iOPj t|J -jtt <->Nl S^ip c> (26\iUii 
^ji^ ^T5*WI > Oj^w-il £_jt- li[ ^^ tfrJ»UJI ^ L-jijIjj l^ol 01 

.(Uf) \,\, y\ (21) 

■^ ^ ib & ^> ^* ^ >* ^Wl E Us-M ^1 ji ^y (22) 

.1419 i- (23) 
■jW JU> (24) 

■y*** &*>-\ *ju* (25) 

.1514 w (26) 
220 



Jl («_gjt* c^alzf- L/u. L->li Oj~#*j OUfU J^^ 01 Ji JbU aJp I^Lsii 
jlj t(> J-l £UI 1^1 01 Jbu OlxJU ^ J3j .i^LJb Ja>M jj-JLI Ol£il 

^ cioAil yi ^sll Jt^M jji*. i) ^k-iMl Jl jk>l cfU-l ^ 1^1 
^ .<uj^ *kiJ i^Ll Jjjj c*J»l*iJI cpl£ frlJlpSU l*)j3 ^j/^J ^ ^ 

^ r^ o/j '^jW 1 ^ r^V J^ «> r*^!? 'fjyb o^u^i 

lyl>-lj t">Lsol OWa* o^^ t *t)W>' *Jt-U.4S£J-l ««i* cJ-ii lij .,^-li *l$*-j 
h~M Jp Ol;lp Ijii < tAJjOil oJl* Jp f!A£J1 JLip tiJUi U^"i If ti>^Jaj 

j^j .*J*LsJi siju»c \jy\ tOi^pi^j. uj~dL-j f***-b>j '^j 1 * cf-y* 4 

cJL-jlj t4U*J jt (^JJI (29)^1 ^| ^ilU ^ .««J>. Oj^ jj| Jp 

LJb Asfjy .^-1 ^ £i» |ij toij^iJI Jl j»^U-j ^jjj J**> £* («^-j)jj 



•(r*-_r*) ! jl^l, (.^1 «l^ i) j*- USU (27) 

ltt^ ^ j tfjJ- f-| (28) 

■Wjuy j' 'l^i;> ^ jsj^i (29) 



221 



(30) Ci\jJeL3 

^ £-*\j A*-*- Jjw Jp (33)Ja>| ,_£ >,. „^ajj (32)^^1 ^JUsMi ^ j-X^O 
£*-*yw OlylaJ -X*J ,d\jjaj v--s V a.« ^«, w ll OlSsLl (j cd^Jl «^-1 j t*i*wi 
V^l Jtij . j5LU~l -UiSj ijjjfr J^- £ c^Jl aJW t) *J*UJi jf- Jv-\j 

^ Cjys Ij^J tOlSLJb Usr aL«J illJLiT CJ\T .(34)^^11 ^Jffl^jJl 
Oi***^ Jy^ ^r* 1 - i «^~*a> f t^^SJ l^lSwi *-^? r"|} tAJUjii Jjja—I cJ>^? 

w^>- ^j^J 4<A;lyl /)j 4JbJLsr /^ Iftj^jti .^j^pi-j-Jkl V^« ?*PjJ tjjovi cfJUL* 
j*3jd\) a~~- *y^- jj^ c»I;Ip O /^JJ aJ^ «. JJtXL OK' tJLsr t3«J^= a^U-I 

<wJ jII Aj"^J ( *wjA* JLs^-l AJ^ ^>- LjfcS r-W*>y Vt~"1 ^ts^'y^" c^i*^* VflJL«J*>U">J 
(j "tAJ *^>w oj to^l^il frUJ j^JI cjy* I^JLkXJLj 01 ( J^ ,< l*(yj 0& jwl 
jC tApUw Ala Ul -^ 1 IJuL>- uJ>i>-J .jUv^j/l j /^J** ^^ ^^JPJ 

O^i? ca^jII ij (35)Ol^i iiLA OJlT ^^j cOjjJaJ *l^l .^lT ^*stfl ^jUpI 

t * * 

J^J OijAiii Jjl* 01 N[ (36)jc-,j »^w.j AjU— >J ,jJl Ai*>. cf^-Vl U*\jb-^ 

^ui u. r t ^ *j joiVs Jp ^j J^- ^ ^ J* -^\ ,>» W* ^^ °^" ^~' ( 30 > 

^ .(jrta^) .«J*H JL- *LU 01 iLi^ (32) 

.^j>) Wb IT V 1 ' u* **U JjU >=-i (33) 

.1400 «-; (34) 
(Y) a— ju ^W'^ (35), 
.^JUU 01^1 f^ (36) 

222 



y^ju <3Uii ^ jJ\j ^-jU ijJI yi j*-ji t^yJi ji "ui u* j^ iij 

0^ r .AiiJl tJVj I^^Ipj ^li Jl U-*«— a^i*-jU '^/-^l ^ \j&j ty^r. <^*il 
Xjaj&C* j\y*\ Ml U ^^Jj <L*-i» M} LpUKvsl M Alya^ Ol^JaJ C—J 

Jl Li, <38)uCf* ^ 1^-jJj j&S d~4 ^Lc Ifi-la* jjuwj <^ ^ 

jj-^J-i w^L t-j^ J^jij -u^ cy *^ -j!*** ^y* **• ^ x ^~ ^ u^ tJi—iJi 

^)\ oMT ^ ^1 -Op t^Ja*- <i> ^ ^Jl Jl Jp. (^JJI Ol&l j, 
_/~ p {j**^ <]y*J •t£p L% ^ ^Jj-bM aWI ,_/a«J £-• t^»^_J {Js**!*-^ Hi^ 
VM° i^lioU l^ j^l flsctt J*«s«J oli^iJI oy (^(-J^T Oli olili* 
dJLSJLi .JJi 4il Jp S£U i^j, ^- il» Ml jl^-jj M, ts ^ If iSy, jfi, 

tdJJi Ji 4*U»} tl^ai j-^jj .{jJb\ijA\ Ojy Ju, ,,-AOJLP jli)l Mj .( 41 )J^-I; 
djh^LjijJ~\j jiUlVj Oj-^j tjj])4~' 4l*s>\y>] 4-pl^i c^r^lj <Lp- -Y^ »JP 

.JL^^JlI i*iUI c^lji 1^ Oj^si OlSLjl iiil« ^ l^iv» LS^« ^p i~ *£ 
UA li^jj .^L| iJUr tj &L> jkL, ^ JISL- JJi JL. I^ttl Mj 
J% DIT gjJJ! < 43 )*JLJ>1 UyflJ Jjk-I Jb'U (42)^ld» v4> ^ 'j^ 1 
^ ^_..., fl « Jj , - T - A ^y t*ii*- Jl UU*-^^ jaw *jjI *»c» Jl>-L Ob <j^J»LiJI 
-Up illiA Jl jliajli .OUy t5l «Ji J>-JU jl a^> r-J£ ol auJ tOl^aj 
U>JA lJ ^^ •»» OIT jyi JLp *jj ^^ jwJI ^ few- ^>aJI £$*a 
dllj <.3>Jb J^>- ^ L^- cW 2u^i» jj>«-^ *L^I (3;^ (_/a~ <44 \kr-l 

L^» Uajj J>l, .UUf CjofiA f tjjsLl JLp *lll ^k-. Jp CJ^ ^sJI Jjl^l 

•*&■ u-1 (37) 

•JKaJI ( f 37) 

.^Ull ^l ^j i^aJ-i ^yi ^ (38) 

.Uyib JJa-IT (39) 

.Ojilii ji j^y (41) 

.1564 *i- (42) 

.OU»Ij (^U|l ^ (43) 

.^1 ^4, (44) 

223 



Oji i|jL»«U LiS" j$> br <.j*J-\j uidat* ui^lr 1, uft*- ^^* if 
01 £. ca^ OlOl ^Jas-j. 01 Ojj dJLSi JT y& ^j .j^\ Ji Jj^-dl 
£^ ^ Oi*y^ lyl Ji Jjilf OLyiijj Still ^ :Op *I t^X^J Jjj>JI 
tOj-JL j»jhj OjjjU IjiK* i^jUil oS/ dJJi -Oi^M i>* ^ J^J '^U^ 1 

ilili SvjA.m iJ^« o y cjK" d~4 tJU-iJI if*- ^ <3;!i/" -ri* >^' !/ 

<cdiNl IJUh JL*j cojUp ^oU Jl oy«; j* U~> Oj^j ObJ! iiU 
.UU/i ^Jl jjp 4^.1 OA, li^l Jbt-y N j£j i^J JbXi ^ ( 45 ) 

•JL=U <> 0^1 ^J^-dj 

O^-vJ-l^ ^LJI J-^iM 

(46) Jijj^ 

0_^io j^sf IjlpU tLj^J ^ji^ Oy^j iSjUp aLJ JJ 0^-^i .*-»U 
.iJbr i.^ ^ J^UI 01 ^ n-J^U p^U^ JUJ1 v--o *l^fi ^ 
^j 5 (Aiy*j) Oy*jl J-sc y> 4(47)1^: i_~~ >■ tj^ Jjlj .LiL*-l ^JLP" 

O^irl N ^ ipLfM-Jlj *UJ! lr* *!r- ^b 'tHb '^ a* J^ 51 
^jlh*. N tJJL- y.j tO^UJH j ^^ r*l? -f*^ c^ 1 ^ J^ 1 ^i 
Jl ^l^aJ! ^iUj J^iUl ^yi» £-*- J**^j .WIT Li>l c5 iww ?^ 
j^l;! p- Oj~l; ^j .*iJI jy» U^/J ^b 0>ia4 ^ ^i 'u- U '^ 
oSf t ^U-l JLp UjJU^-jj c^J a*^UU JSLiJ! liLst- ^ •Otor jJ*J c^-XJ» 



.JUI (45) 
.JjaI;I ji Oy>jl : Jv.S/1 J (46) 

•4rJ» Jl -&W' o* u ^ ( 47 > 
224 



V frli cJ^Jl J ^ i^r L«, ^ tVj Ui ^ -^ ^ 

fr* i>- -^-jy '(ii^-JI J-4-1 0l£- j* ^\ <ulSL- .^\J 4-^pj cJ^jlJI 
cl^iT }L*p 0^£ ^1 je- !>Uai cOl*-^ 1 ^J ^4-1 ^lp ^ jJLp 

s\jll f\^ tj) J\ 2k jj Oj/r-* jjuAJI uaf**-»U W-^J tdJl\ ,y U^J 

> 'cH 1 o* ^j '^j !**■* ^1 c^ 1 ^> -^ ^ -^ j' cr^ 1 
oN^jiUi jJ-i aiC ja /si a*- ^ oyt^j <5>ij uuiai Oj^ic ^i 

tiftiil ^.^-j Ojl^i U UIp c^l-JaJI ji~- Oyio-^u djjP^CA *j»j t^jU 
^ijrf i 1 ^i *^-^ iyJ OlS^y Ij^lj OISLJI ,JU. ^l*i cl^j lyJs, 

• (^r-) «JW*t «- ^j* ^ %. ^ji^j (VU 1 Jui ijtf «U> ,> asc» : oyi Jl» (48) 

•ciy^ ^ (49) 

•1^ ^ (50) 



225 



rr j>- f ^j .tA^I OjJliJ^Sl j^Ip 01 Ai* 5;j5Jdl ifc&h a... ,^5I 1 
us— ^' SJLSaJJj Ctf^'j ^^ ^J^ 1 s?J '^> 0*J^ ^-^ <*>^ 

(52)0jJ^Jl J./aaJl 
(53), ?- Ljn 

^jj^^ts^dlj]^ Jo I^ISL- Jis^ j_^ai i*u~< >rJLill ^ dJUU* OK' .jjii-l 

jiiT jop Jjfcjl ti^oi? OjJUjfrll J&-I UJLiP ajV to^T <a\Zl*\j IluLI tj 
Ojijj lyl^i <.p4?*ey cJ€ i-^^j-sil v^' ^ J? '^^* W*^ V^- - u* 
l»Jrr...j 1 Ol^iaJj j>£J1 ^vaiJI ^^ & 't^ Oj~>*~Ujj SjVj ^1/U 
3L.U- ON tii*yi apUI £ UUi^l XI ^j -^ f^ 1 (^-uJ t(n dlp} 
OUai ^ l^iT Oj&c .um^JI 3j» c-«j aU£ll Jp j/ J~" |l 4^i» 
J— Jlj t^wiJI^ t^lj tjycJUJI j* 2L>T jfJLSJI J Oj*=i I^K} 44-iVU 

Oji-Jl^ c£:>UU J-^aN 

i%JI y-^ Jjii .(55)JUL| 8 JUh ^- ^ oy>M jjTt ^j .>■! o>^ 

.j&ji\) cjsjSji >aij ^ "*♦* Vif (5i) 

buiii t yUI J^wll iU-*S} c^oai >«ll v-* «aj~J-!> ^Wl J*mJI» : J-Vl ,) ^ (52) 

pki 4> ^/i-l J r > 01 d->- oyi a^ U U)l, «o-^- jl oJ; ^» jJi» 4 -^ (53) 

.C-JJ ^ 0^«— j (54) 
■j%-fL»- (^»' <^)L^j *)l** Jl U>ul 0^—ij (55) 



226 



Jp jj^ jl (56)0LiJI £Ldl Jb-I o^ J _-jrlA 1 (n^ !r^> r*^ ^-^J 
ifJJLi J^ oL«JL>- ^l 01 jUjj 'oi^ - ' £* WW*"' J' j^-l* 'jWI IJu 

J-£ ^\iU tl^jyt bjlst £yj\ Jij y^Jl £*, Jl J>lp (57) 0ii ^_j > | jl> i^u^ 
pli OLyJI ^ lj#- -iibA OJST} t4jU-^l ^^uu Jl L*dl ii~>- c(58)OjLiuLi 
j^J-l c /»*^ a)jp ^-li i^lL. J! ^^ tS^ 4pU*»io j^Jli-l Jp ui-JU^Jl <4 
JLsiu>- jl -Ujj tf.*AJI ^XsjiX^I (jjiJI ty&\ ~£ -ri)^»«i toUidl^ jL^iJI -jt 

lij .-lip jly ^-l* cfJUL- ZJly* ^ Jp Jji*l f OjLSuii) 1^*1 £jj; *t^5i 
^1 iSjail Jp 4-ijj l)I -u* ^Jis'j <uAueu-l c^p ^^^ OjUi dllil *.L>- 
<JuyJI 4*-J \Jl»\ dAi iliil JJi cu3l/»l *J* Jili. J LpU Jjs-I 

t^JI yLp 5-~>- -vA^Op (j^ij *IJLil w^>- JL>-j JJ-I IJlft OlSL. 

1/1^ bop i^£k .jip^-JLI JIiaJ ol^ Sjip UU-I Jl \jjs- dJUJJ cJjLL. 

£~-«Jl i>* Ji^ j*-^ i_r^ ij^ °J^H} £«-5Jlj J-~*^ <>* V^j c jUiaiJI ^ 

.4PJ,jU £tUb V i^W? ^PJ i%JI Jft/ tjyuSjl V) 

D^-Jlj JUI JsaiJI 

jr j jl^-jj .j^-jj ^-> -w^pj tj^iii Ji -t^h i>* £—!^ *£# *y» 

^JLaJl J jj-U iijL. JIT ilUJJ : ja-JI £-**) £U> v-S^-j ^r *^ ^^* 
\JA lJu d)l5L- ^S3 .j^l j-**h>. W^j ^-iA^ t ^ P A*J\ ^uaj Oj^L 
O^IUJ^I Js^I Ujlp ca%JI J^b /si Siwdll t^S/l JU-I Jl \}^\ 

■a-y Jf )j-]ji^ (56) 

.( r ^ P ) ilU viili Jp 

•o-J jl (59) 
.b^i : ^ J^Jl J v^T (60) 

227 



vL~>- tL»L*i w>j^>. tj ^ (y A^-o 4( 62 >i>d»j k~" Jy JALi J^- 

t^ O^JaiJ^j aJL~>- oly L*p~ ^ IjJ^sj Oi lj*l»l -tfj .jh-.^ c^Jl 
^ jl UL>\ y-j> JyL _.( 63 )5jUp JUS) j^WI ^ ^^wo (^JJI JlijJI 
aJL* ^ OIT tONjjj j3jj jJU jl^ Jp tV^Sj I/*-* yU *>N V* (^ 

(65)^^ ^ 
lyE' frlaJil OyJjU* *Aj ijlSwJb J-fti <uSO cOJ^laJ **!-*-• ^5 ji*-^ J-9T 

[^li jJLSJlJ cj^aJ wjI^jI l _ s iv. l^*^ cJU*y vi~£ tc^Jaiil Oj* JLiP 

c^iJI tiJ^I ,j^L~» Cf" ^ ^-A^^dli : jd*"^ ^ o^^~* ls^ ^* 

.v^yOI a#>- ^ s-IJcjI t^j-li iSJuf ,J (j-^l^-^ xvli^l y> 

(^ji.) ai^uj *i— jy ■ jij^ji v^ 5 " 4 (62) 

cl^J-l Jl «-UJl ^ <i jjjy-j ^ijl oliil ^3 (63) 

609 c^l f Wi i^-Ji ^— t j»iy ^1 1214 ji 1212 «— (64) 

.^ uljjli v^ j> jv^^l 1 ; -^r*! 1 ^ ^ j'- u^ ui Jj 'c* — jl J ^ ■ J-^' 1 4 ^ ( 65 > 

.(^^) .323 



228 



OjX-Jlj l j»a\>-\ J-iAaJI 

Jp jjSoII jf Jl J^iJI yi JbCj cb^P Ol^f i5k> Jl^ ^li^l Ua s^J^ 
a*-IjII Ja-»jsll y>J\ "b/U 31 oJb£ .Ufcw^i Oi—**- Jp 4^-Uv« (JljJ J^*- JJa 
JLU Jl i-rij 1 ^ y^- ^*-y ay^j *-***■ iiL~» jJp ^l^ cLJL*j wyj 
<W j^-s- *%U &4 .^U ^151 ^ t>(^jj) J-£l vr lt=il« ^11 

j^Jj^ '»c^Ij Jy^ jiH Ol£~J!j tijjdl AS'l^ill jt£j d-~>- JjljJ-ly 
Jj^* J^'- 3 JW=H °-^* J f-*^ <j^«S! 'tJiJLT*^ J& tij^>-J> £ji *Jhj .U 

SOjj-i JL>-j jy*** Oji ilU*j Ua ^U** «-^W^j Uy* ^ tfl JWJI^ cOjl* 

JlxJly -«.ULI Sjj^j ^---.j t4^*-> <JL^I *J> s:LJI} JU-,11 Jl i>-j.i Jl ojjj^JI 
( 5;Up UJ ^ 5*4«^-j ts.^ Jf J UjUII JU-I jlSL- 0^-io ^li 

.i-~w&ll ^j-^jLI U^il Jj'Li (^Jb-I 

Oji-Jlj ^jLJI J-^aJI 

a.uJI 

£a>j ..i!0 OjSsl^ jjJlT U-lp J^iJI Jl l^w^-l; (jyu i^ ojl. 

J c J^iJl »U£| J Oy«j j^ ^,1^ 4*w- JUj Jp cia*-jxil ^>JI *^UlA J* 
jjP v^ai jsnjl i^- j j^Lj cicaJ jl^l l^ Ja^ . t j : JL>- Jy JL^f J^- 
(OlSLjb 5JL*I ^rJiJl ^5 cJK~ .5^j <iji SJL-iw. 1^1 Jj c»^£ |f iu^i 
y 0)az~m JUj>JI dJJL- J&-I UJaPj.fc-y^l ^-^j 5p- ^l ^ 5JL. C^Lj 
jb tfUu- yi *b/| l^ j, ^ tc& ^f| JbL| J| ^il^f, 015LJI jja*. 
^^ £fr {/■ ^J^i Ji^ Oi 5 ^ 1 J 1 »^W (i-*^ - Oj>JU c^j^LviU 

.1409 i^. (1) 
229 



<!)[ »i~£ cjy«-ijl <lj f- jjj [#w» \Jl£« iiLft 01 jJj IJbr 5i,L ify hjffi 
( 2 )^-yJI Ol^L-j OjJLM *LA t^jl>- ^ ^Ls v ti^fC-i <£-M cH>" £s^ 
apU^-SJI O^pJU idjj^ Cif&st- ^211 ^lj* .jJL-JI tl/J Oylj jjO)I 

uM o* uy^y £»^y iSL— *j uJI iu- ibJdl oJU c^jr ■*•* .( 3 >olW! 
4^ ^pJ .oL£\S" ota OliJUj jl <Sj*~0 UiJL» u^H^b ***"_? 'ti^*** *-^' 

yjui ^uii ^sO cU^p i-oui uiaji^ o£*% *~- ^ ^j^ 1 jj «>y» 

Oy-J^ *^LJI J-vaiJI 
^ib 3>-* SU-U UUNj t (4)5jU^ j*Al» 

(Jjz~a j cJa-ydl >>JI ft J»Li Jp i^jiK" tfU*~- (i-h* ^-^ 
c-Uy>J1 Jl l^^-l- (^^ v-^ -^/ U«A ^ *^~ ^ '^ 

^\i i*.li iS. ^ (2) 

• d^-y) U^ iU^i ^.1 ^ (325,^) oyi jr-J-l J^ U oJl^ IJ* (3) 

^al, ijfo : Jt-Ul c3j «!jU* jJb J-^Nl J o-^" (4) 

(1984 ojuo i«J,) ^1 ^^ nj^Jl j. ji-^l >l .y')A l u-i ilj o^ u W 2 a- 1 * _r iVj ^ j— '" " 

-74^ 

«J5 lrl£- J vW-j ^» VJ '^^ rfV V^ «-V ^ >-^ J^ 1 * 31 J ^ U ^^ '^^ !>> ^ U ' " 

230 



<.\j& j\ji (5)J,j ^ j* wyiJb i^Jil ^M Jt t-te"\i i^jU £& 
^jj- i>-L- ^oL J JU^Jj .jWli *<> ^V <jJ^ ">U till li* ^ ifi 
)g\ aJL^ j* 3. .^5 -, tiros JljJbi J*U jii' a*«wj co^fo 5Jp J* 
OyU. *Jc& ^p-\ J >T l^ai *)L* 01 j5j t,>UJI ^5 l^> .i~^ 1^ 

^ *-f*a>u c*j^IajjI fLI jy? Oi^ if ^y*^- Ol£~il d& 

LS> ^j}^} ^ ^JUI *ULI ^!* Oj^Vl, t*J»UJI U* J dU~J1 
i V^-il ^Ir 1 V «^*i v>* o*^ 1 1^ ^ v <^*£ !^ M 'W 

Jp SJpU* ^aL Sja>l JbU cJ€ 3 .ij^ \j\ji>\ l^ OykJy ^l^-» 

^lil Jl J^ Id ^ • J^ urt -b^ 1 J 1 ^' ^ ^ U ^ "^ 
;U~i ** Jit, ijyui. ja JJ» VI l^ JW*4 NajU *La*- ^jfy .(^1 

^J-l w^tJ Jjl^l c? ^-Jl Jl £J>' y> M^ ^" cX ^3 'J-T^ 1 
5j>Ip L^ *^aj CJK' ;apVw jb ^Jl ^^^ J* -^J^} -fW*N Jj^ 
^JJI Uklt ^ c5 o^ll Sy jSy .OlCjIj J*UJI U#£ ^1 ^A-JI 
0^=L ^oL 015L- OtT dUJU >Lr Ai ^1 J! 0>"U> OU*~i j^IT ^a 
^ j^l j*l> $ f+,..i'A <ty£) tb^^. h )ly\i^\ Cijj^i L. i^c ^1 
^ (6)aJ| J^»j Ui t^-li Jl Ja-ydl ^Jl l5 ^ Vj»^ u-^J -^^ 

JL a .t7i cillij t^lll IJlA ^ |^ys 01 J^ (^ ciis^iriJI ol;UJ Id?- ( *^aJ 
^>JI l^ ia^ t^O* A^Ujw. *»^— • ^ J* 'u"^ UjII. 8^<3 J^ ( 7 >A*1S 

jp !>Ui ti^ JT tf y-j W*T dUs .5^- j&i J^ s^!^- 1 ^ u^ 
<iU oi ^jaiw ^„ V tt >^ i^j: ^ Vi gi jywJi j^ V, cL^Uji 

UlL l^r J ja "&>\2- 5^411*^ <\^jJ\ £ fr Uil^ tJ^\j J^-j VI 

.(IjT) 5y> jii ,^^_. (5) 
(|**V*0 129 JL.UI t325 .j> oyi j-J-l --US' >l (1333/734 fU> J^dl ^,1,-AI ^jUI _.^i~ j,i <,! j^pwJIj 

1508 i_ (6) 
j-jI Jj Cij_, (7) 

231 



4ij» j£ i4i*a>. 01 -Uy iJ^JIj jJ-L gj, <ui 44 iJULLI ^ ill <S^a)l JUS 

h>^ o* \>f bap !w J y*» ^ lyjtf o^ 1 ^ 1 O^ 5 • i s* iJdl 

OU UJjp j£j tcr J^I ^ SiLL 4 JLu- S,JLp £,1 jy» iJLii £U1 ^ob 
t> d^ 1 tf-iN <*^ <^V **p ^1 <ul£. ^-li iUU Jwj- t^ob Jtftf 

Nl Oj^L 0l£~JI ^ Ji .O^JQaj \j& U jjAll Jp ^i J~4 <i OJ^Uil 
ti-jA 1 t^-JI j*& ly ^ -j t5 &- ij-*aJI li* ^ j^iJUJI JJL.J ^ 

jj^-l ai olT lij : s^p i*UJI i>-l J-j^u-j -of ^ LUp i^-x^Jl Jl U- ^-^ 

01 -dp U-^l jvyL^S <J[ Jw-jl ajU cUv U- Jli! ^j4 iJiJl SU- oIj 

jjp jily cL^p i-^aij 01 ijaj^-i tiSkjdl <_j ttjj/ 5ij^» bjiJ J U.;.^ 

<^~->- 'r-jy^ 0l^« ^j^-l t^ c«uSs~~» J U^Lt>-j ti^tiJl -^Ip 0l -Uj tjJJi 

^J/ t^*^ «_r°^ J* 1 ^^ ^^ W' ^i t&te^i ^j %k U«j U^ai 
S^p Jp ULI tfrb'Vl oJl* gjj .L^i ^A U JT jL^I O^ALui tS^I U»^ij 



232 



cSj^b aJ[ \»J& lA&rjy. ^yj%* «*^ l» S*± J (Jk &" <S&\ ^ 
cijM J pAO**J c^ob j**t Jl dlU kp-Jj t4l» Jp uu* Ij^bj 
•jJUk Jl>-I «uJIp cr- j%Jl olifi (J-J^i l5 L^*^* tSJU^J ^ ^*l? .»-— >ldl 
<j J^^ dkJu t£'^A-\ jlS"" \^j <.0^y^>-. j?$J\ <u»i?j <Jil>- ^ Ji^-I 
c_AJl UIpI 01 jl*jj i^Ul W^lj Ob/dl tip f .5^-1 vW J**^ 

fjas-o 01 Oj^ cOlSCil Jp l^-l^ Oi'tr^ |y' 0^' u ^ < - ) '^~ g J>i «M^" 

iSJi \J\j>- aJp ^\5|j tJL>-|j J^y j_j^i Jj-** J-— « c£j*« -iijlj jjp Sf>«-*a5l 

OK" <jdl il^f-Ji J^-l ^ 4*LUI «JLa jUotj iJb- Oj-JLJVi jJb* 
^ Jb-lj Jf IJ-j *pj»j .o*-«»il y>UI Jp p-rb^ - i—^Ueu^l (J jtlap*^ 1$**~j 
Jl iiU* I^m.1 jlT ^f*~~* ^^ J*>\ jl Jl c^i (^1 j>o ^l tl^Us^l 
(jpim-j "iU ^Ij jl t^^b Jp j^j (Ills' ^-U iia*-!^ '(i^jU-^i* (^i j^ 
«p^o "il j*- JpI J| ^ym* a»Ia1I oUlk Ob UpI^ cJaaII <-»IJli t yuJI 

^ ajUlI ^^ib- jl Jj ULj WaJI Jp f.*iUJ^I j£$ d-^ t j^-lfll Ifi- 
tUL-l ^ cJlT ^11 S^lil J\ 5 .j^ULl JjLi dUJb j^ll jsA .^l 

J* *i& <J^* (J^ ^ ^^-^ J-^*J biwUPj .«*>U!I ^ J^ Jj *< ^^ 
4( ^iJlil £. jifl If t* J»lsJI ^iUJ JiJI jUSuil J ^Jl Jl gy ciJUJI 

.1522 *wi 10 J (10) 

d.U> JU (11) 

.. U i&l>>j i«-Uo i'-^j 1 (12) 

233 



3pUI J JJJI C L^ ^j ijJI > Afl dJ^- SoT> > VAiil ot, t > 
^ 1^ l^p JUrf N, ^ oi^*> ^ Cf "^ £y* ^* Ulr ^ *^ U)I 
Jjil ttJLst- aJIp 4rtil]* v^^*- g^ 1 ^ O" ^ ^ "Hj C*^ 

Ji yp j^' ji ^ c^Ji J» ^v, j^u ^ oi Ji h^ t ***? 
^ <^l J *M* of* (* ^ ^ 'o^ 1 d 1 ^ !^ oi ^ 

J ^1 ^ Ujlp <0^~^ l/Ui **-Lj >l£ 01 ^. (1 j^ll ^ 'APrH 

t 2L,jJbi ^ _£ \jy» b^ Oli lft U 1^ ^J ^J f^/iM 1 C^ 

c'oSg <^ y^Uy ijs^y A^!> ^ If <^ r^ ^ ^^ 

l^ J^l" 01 Ji A.jUil ti^ 5*Uil C^Sj diJAy c^Uasib j*Ji j^J^ 

at tfV Jl W^-j '^^ j«> 1 > u irb t 1 * > j U ^ '^ ! 

rtj ,01^ C UI j, v^-il Ji ^>» ^ ^ a— ^ ^ 

as £\*\ Lis 0^ .^101^. J ^ f^ If '^ C5--A 1 c> J^ 

ol, .u*> WiJi of ,Jpj co-5^ o^> iU;N UUtb gl ^ 1 ^ Ul ^ 
U ^l U«» ^V. ^ ^W-^l J^ 1 ^ u 'i3>^ ^ A^)> 



234 



^ob ^ ^vJL** j^s- Ob oj&l (J 3 )iil* iU- aJ[ v_j5~ L*jlp-j 
lj> Jl 4Pj^ ^JL. 01 j-S^i.1 ^.f tlfall Jy-aJI aJ !5^j 01 Up L^pj obJl 
lij .itJ^|?tsr<JJ i 131 S^ili J^jc«oj t^jyifJUJl (jjJlA <u> S-*** - ^! ^1? '^"' 
X^ «itf <-u* ob. c^JUl ^b bL~ OlS} j_-£U ^ ^1 IJU J^y 

b&£ ^ & &h <:uju &s j^ << 14 >^i g* «~0!> 'W^ 1 J*J 

«£Ar^ ft L^U ^ d~^ c*iU j, Uw> j&S JU. Jp <0">bjl 
Jp **Usljj . o>*i-^l Ul J*>«~J <J-L. J^Ip J} Oj> iu<L- jL-,b Jsj«pj 
^jj ;(i5)^b & > \J> y js jl <dl jw jvy Uj .y^Ll ^U* Jl ^T L. 
cUf^. Ui* J*1p JL-jIj tdUll ^1 jij U**JI JLtt tf I^Uo ^i jijj 
p^JI jJUj ilU, .^J bb ^Ij Sliti <0b%b ^jUJI <o Jjix-t j* Jp 
II* Jl ^Uil <o (JL- tJJ JI Jl l# lij .JULtfl jL~d ^^jl ,Lify yLl 
C4S*Li ^ ^ Jl jjiJl yL| £y ^m jLi tfr ^J| ^ j^ J.UJI 
jU* tw^uj jbpll (^lj <*>LU ^ai; 01 JOu t*£j tj^JLJJ jtfjJUII S-sLi 
*UiU -^ j^j ^l t jy* ol M[ .^ jif jp^j 01 Oj^ j^T ...„■■„ J jl lUUJLJ 

jLp jLi, j>ji Jp jii^i ^p. & j^ ^uji jpf ^ .juiJrii oi^ 

Uia^ olilk ^ co^jl Jl U ciL^I J^ J\j ^JUI t^ ^ ^sjU» 

°^J U^ Jj 1 ^ •'4 iJl £^e Jl J>J cSp^aJl ^J ojjjA (jJi ij*±-\ 
^J*^ C5l t^yijIyUtf Jjia^l ij^ ^ t^JaJb. OLy ^ ^jVl oJi 
^^ Jifr-d 'o - - 3 ^ J^ }^-y ' JlaUJ ^y^ 01 JUy . j>-j J>V i^i 8 - 

^aJI r UWI jil; ^L| ^ a> Jp c jLf I ^ lywf ji I^JlT ^JUI cijUil 
5U«i fA^bji t^^b Jl o^g ^^1 j* ojJb^l as ^L^ ^ fijbt oir 
i>* <-*!?* j^ 1 ^1 ^j- 3 J} 'uy- •JLI £Lo |l ^^ap 01 ^Jj iJjJLA Juj 

.jalSL.1. jjO;, (13) 

•JjJji 24 ^ (14) 

.o>-i ^U^ j-^t 01 Ojj <_• jLJI ^ L,l£. Oliyu Uf.1 oVji Llf (15) 

235 



lylT jj jjl t yLjl ^ ^^ £• c^Uo ^ f U*~j i^sr ^^w ^yf _jl JsJj 
yy-t lil ^ cj^vai Cij J JJi JT ^ JLij .^ibTl <J* *UaJI 0j1~4 
ij6^m/ a»L~. jjp 0^ (^JlJl *-&)<> \yu\£ ,< r ^>%^j\ ai j-uJI 0K~ iLiJ'iW 
i^j -Lp l^>wJl Ji JjilT Ol£jl ON clJL^-t l^ l^£ *Ji iijJdl jjl^j 

^1 tOlijUIi (j Oxi(iw»l ^1 ^iA^ ^"■^b *^ •■ AiP *-^ ***} t«iji>- 
^~ tOL—Nl ^y* Aj -*j CO^Lsr ^ Ol^^* /*"* Ji**"^ Vy»U<» J^iiv-I ( 16 )JUlX 

*j>-L$i .iJiiJI^ 0£U 4-5 i I^L-^ 01 *-aL>| 1^1 cA*^i^» L^ ^\ jjL~JI IjlJJN 

i»l JL&S of Oji cJJUl J[ *L~. iiiliil apLJI qa JUJI J ^^ I^Lii[j 
JJJI .j^ H ,j>J ^-^ W^HJ &+p\?* 'Jzyup (j j>~>j CJft' ^ j ti*~>- 

£f*^\ £b U-UPj .OytC ^ Jjjl ^jPrj cJj~*-j ill- ^ Jaj *jM £_> 
cjI^aIL 1^ s.UpNI 0} >L~£ my*- yL- £• ,AiU fi ^Ji Jl tj£— *11 

ol;U J^lj ci^-l v^i JW ^LiJ 1 5,il ^: W" 1 ^ir 01 a*- 31 
(^ jy-J hcJ$\ CJlS^ .(j^^-iJI vj/' f t ~V ajl CjtlJlpNl pUaiN i>i-L« 
\^j .JliDI *--^j O^sir* *^' ^*A cJiUI 5U; ^* Oi 1 */^ ^J^** 1 'f^' 
J^s Jp jL»i tl^iLv!* jii i^-j cUaJU OL-/ a- 4 " j>-^ l? >^^' ^ 

jiiajl Jdl aaJU Ji aU- 4^J CAiaJil II* gUaa-N iJLL. Jl ilU* ^ a^jJj 



iJUU^ ^J CjjS" (16) 
j\A\ »\£\ $ (17) 



236 



.juj uj dUi j£k- V <:>y* ^l ^p-y ^ h 'r*-^ ^ <^^ ^^ 
jif ^ o^ju cD^d^. j oLt^ji (fisU) ^ oi -uj t(i«)yyiriiji J 

O^ (^JLII 0153.1 IJL* IJU 5^ j*e>\£. 0l J* £J* <<J^J V^k? ^ty 
cOL»j iJL*J a^dva^ .A* iil/^l OlT (^JUI t^»«Jl J^aJVl Ob jj>-l ic£>"l 

jjya <ai-JI cUULj j^ ^ tt^S' obLux-1 oJu* J^l ciAlil OlS' <^Jdl} 

l-V ^«JU, j* JJI t^Vl iyjtl ^i-y vjum \& U tUDajb 0>l ji-JI 
.(19) v yJ| J& J} jwj t J»y ^ ^ ^ (.[*- Ji JL>- £J>£ OlT c JUJ 

l^ ^Ul^ 0^ iJOJb IJL>- Ujjj 01 JL»w S^aJI iU- OlS' (^ijl ^(^^iii^A* 
Jl jLJ tS^r iiJ 4J *-yA» OlT ( 20 )jjjjJLJJ r- jUJI JL»-I ^jP t^b^ 
JS' i^. „» .»,, 7^ -l \i^ .biaia^ jL>-l . tai .x T j Ols P lr : ' Oi^/* J <3>U* Jj=f tj^* 

iiJUj JU^JI JjJa-J {^jULI* ^^ 2L^ »i J^jl caaJL* ^ o^-l Ji»L-Nl 



.1564 S— (18) 
.Juj- ^ ^ aJ^I j-ij liiiv ^ 14 j ijilj ^ 7 (19) 



237 



a 

<~<L- Oj*~mj £r* *iU OK" .JjJaJi/l Jt. *> ^jjJI £A} Jl (21)4^ 
U>-ljj tj-sail ^-^ Jjl £rJ\j tOdi t£)UiSl ^JLp hJjj <.<£,y c5)JuM 

^jj j4*p i~>- £iJ3 Jl iiL>Mlj ilbb CJS} ■k.-lj kiUi\ -^v. a ,]>i,.» 

* ' * *" C " 

<--JL>- Ae- ojJui Jii aj^UII OK' Oj./....^ tixliJl ^-^j *^ U-LJI f-tj\)aiJ^ 
jjp jv^AfcP^li tOifjdl I^JUjcu«I '-^Sj J^ia-^jl o^wsaSI <-j\p**&\ i^$\j L«JUPj 

Oj-x-o _,t SaUJI ^ lytT jjJJI ijUll J\j \ij .^jJI Ji 4ss.jd|j t^^UJ! ^jl 
Jl l^/j 4oaJdl j* /Jai £pl aJ 4^1; ajj-iU- 4|tr^ -rdr^ ty*-Nl ^J^' 
o3l>- Jjk*-Nl ^y** d)t Uj .OlSLJI *y^ a,, t JUL-I Jl iSL* ^*j tijJdl 
3u*JI ^ JJI Si i^J^> r* i& <1~>~ s-li-i.1 {£ tl-»-,l ti^jll* dpk p.^liJI 
t\^Ji»cu-o til -5^4-1 Ji ji-io yhj tDl^il jj-^ij J 2Lw*^p ^i *-i*jy t<->lil 

* ■* ' 

~T* ihjitt Ja*u t^LiJI Jp ^ tii!3 JLPj ■pr-±>\ t) i>JJ^^ oUidl 

f- yi .^[-1 li^Lo V ^^3- Ojll iljU» C-^ j^^jll* ^ \yCA i JL-/J 5LS^» 

iJL^J^ Ojil uJjjL tJU^- liAJ^. o^U-lj g. JaUiJI Jp Ji*> JL-iJ J *Vjl il^l 
^^ tjWl Jam. I^jji^-J tA-*i^il j^ ^iai £pl <J [^<aj ^ tlAI)j| dpkjt ^ 

.c-i* 29 ^ (21) 
S-l^lj JTijAj Bjju 15j iCJ$if 4 j JUojJI i.jOp Oji '^^>l sj 90 (22) 

238 



OfriJi cj^ui sUj jy ^ <j^i jlli jpt j* cJ^j, t *> y^ of 

•f^I J m J j['W. *^ ^1 <j i^-sj ^ ^ < r ll SJ^sl iipi l^u 
*]/M tf Oj^lj 4- ^ki ^Uj iL-> (O V** ttbjS/l 8 JLa Jj 
O^ grill Ol&IJbU-j <3>^aJI gfc^ 4^ i^L. £* jp ^^il 

ij^ & c-j» ^ ^ ..iAW u*. i^ lij,. y^ of ju." i^u, 

S*dU Jp ,-^VL il ^ J| 4JUl^ jt^Li ^ f <j J>L - ^ ^ 
*U1I ^ .0l£U I^V. of Xi 0U* Ciy^a^ <23> CjjU f J^ Uij 
l£> Of J*y . r U ^ ^*& s^i, 0> L^i V^Uj Uj> i^M ^f 
<ft £* «**J* '^ ^ V>l ciJUJI c ^j cr ^\ J y L-^ 
** Jl Vi;j ^ u*M a- >j «-W W 4U OIT .iuull Jl JL^I 

>>*viri> ^-jt v»y| e* ^ diil **- ^ & ^u* <o oir tjjij 

J>~» a- <^*- *Wj t JjU CJ i bl^ ^ ^yj| r<s ^1 ^ ^ 
coo^l o* ^ ^t, c^>^ ^ 50P ^ ^ OK} .oC* ^Ulf jo 
^ 0Ui> ^l^ Jl, C(i iJLdl i^w, ^^ t ,UI ^ ^ ^i Uy: 
.(24) J^ JbL| J> Jp t i^. J- j o^ J.U, ^ u ^ JU> 

^11 iS>il j^ y^ cJUsjJI cj5U],s5 i^UJL A ui r ^JI JL. f ai ai OIT 

l^i ^i ^4.1 ^ t u^j ^i^ c ^ ^ju^, ^ ^ oir 

.^1 i,l^L ^, ^ jLw ^ j^| ^ ^ ^ tLjUb 

OK} . 8> U=L| ^Vl, JUL! w, j^LJ ^ cuJ ai o^il 5S> '^ 
oin «-**■! ^ ^f ^ ^l yf ^1 0j JUu>JI ay| ^U)! uu ^ 



.a j* (23) 

.ijjttl oUii^l jj^l Ja; ji ,_,. \iyt. (24) 



239 



L>-jj OUa-iJI oiLi t^^L.jJ r-ji if*. ^ 4j^L* L»Ijl>-I cjj^M JbtJI 
j JajUaJI l^x*** (^i L>-jj iyl C~£ JjJU^JI ^ 4jj£» 4_JUJI^ Cji^-ji 
!>L» t^i t>-jj ^i jlS^ .o»iall *Ja5 Ja*± Lf-lj J*j 'JU^JI Jjia-JVl 

jUj .gUas-}U iJUj U* 'iJjiaj (25)^1^ ii,jd cj^aJI U^j tj^ 
Oi^jUJI ^^u a^4 tHiJiill ^ ^x-**!! i^-J, i*^j: ^i» jK' (^JLil jL«» Ou^ 
^ OK" .^i~A.\ *u» ^LL jl v_-£ csaJI Ol£ll fi^azJ)} toyOaJLlI ^j^b 
*-*]^l ^JJ' «^*!- !*>«-£*• cL«jL»— L~-Jj Aii-^u tjlx* JS~ J Jjtsj *-*^ 
Uajpj .^lll OUaaJj _f-\ SwLJ> ^ jl jt»-i' '^.y-^ s\/f <y* t^y* '*L*M L/ a * J - 
J***! ^~ 1 f^ '<j"°^ $ ^^i i£^ Jj4-' <_H J 1 uM" 1 ^ Jti » vl-JU*? 

i&£~-»_j ,Jij*-oi ^JjUJI d[ { J>- 4A*Jb oJLlo S^JLI {J* (3-iUJl oU> ^ 
jji&l Jai^ c^ji jUtf ijUll £^t if tUrl^ IpJI g^l Jl \J*j>\ 
J-^> xjlall ^j^aj J| ij^>w~ll jia->^ ^OjoU-I j^ ,^-jty J^l jj^ 

ojyM £>}cj y>j 'V-y 1 {* J-^j i^l? wi^^i Jl ajU-i ji J| j«jtjap 

a£ Ol Oji JjLlI OpI a» jUi jLLS. OS" <JU~- t^oL Jl aIT J^U 
JbM llj .<d*- j^^.1 Uj (vjy-b JU4-I Jl \jj Ji I^IT OlOl 0^° tJLyli. 

b_p*-^t tr- jUMj J^-Iajl j^ i>-LJI Jj?- OjjJ-i *-*^ f-5 fl* '^Ir* (J*"^' 

jcl ^ (26)^ Jl I^UJI ajjUII (^iwj Ol jj^- L*a^pj .s.!>LJI ^ya*^ 

JpI j liJU^ Ijjyi^-j ti^UI Jjs- Ly- u^-l t3 l^aJj .*ijf-i ^ (3 

^Ll^ t^ioll & £& ^ &£ £~r ">^Jl Jp JWl jifl 
ja Uila-1 j^c N d-^ tiJU ^ s^l^ o^aJI cuUii . j£ll la* ^,1/- 

ai^ij ^i ja*\ f . ft iaAi ^ ^ ^l. J ^5^11 0^ yi i** 

j> sill vJLsr Jp OlajUJI A^ik^l t^a3l jy^il ^A' l3 t>^ ^!j *as^U- Ji 

jb>«-i^l Jo^j cJaP O**^ V ^-t-^JJ iA; ^lSUi^.1 Ai ^J 4^yJI ijfr 

.« i ^j^J» Ci r ^-> ljiK" (25) 
^ p, jr s^uji v Jr*» '^ U1 ^ J1 ^ ^ '^ ^ * ^ ^ * ,ISL ^ J ' ,W ° tX ^ i f26> 



240 



tij«iJdl JlpV ^Ij^l ^Jajo b, jp jloW- OlT \^jj tjiLjNl oJU <_3j .APjiaiil 
J^ia*-^ JUJflJI *{^~ *h+»\y, '>>*■*" *^" <j* \j><-d>\ *~"j& {* U> •/»' 

iJi-^aiJ Lw>w» *ilJL« ix- <uy jSTJ M5\^*xJVl itli] 5-Lp- C^\ li« .-X*aU 

♦^pJb OIj I.A44O Cj^«-*v-l OljaJiJI aJsu-I^j ^j-"^ jJLili c^.5 5*1;} OjJb 
(27)JJUJI j£j cOUSM fUirf i.1; aJLjj 0*va> .j^^JL-Ij ^Li d~>- 0^*JLi 
-uUj t v jjr*»^ 1 -rV ^ V 1 ^ 1 Olj <( 28 ><DI -L» 5*JUJI Ob ii/^P <j ^M 
w;l^4-l U* v^J -J^" **^ J^i ^ *ji { ty J' ^-r- 0^ ^>-S tyi 0\ 
s.£-\ Jf iail? 45\2y$ c^Jjt 01 Jl AiJlj oXio o«»jdl J^Uj i~-> |o jA 

jftTl aS>1! J**- ^JJI ^1 cJjUI 'sUj ^ tfU u3> ^ ^Lll cJ^JI 

l/^» Jy Jl fl£*s-M ^ viJdl Jiu <^> ^ ^.1 JJJI JJI lij 
]6\ OjS^J jJJij '^"ir* C^v-j &\/l\ Of c~^ tixUJI jwu: ss.^rl. 
^JUi Jl l^il dopNl if «yi Jp >^ ^ Oji JiJi ^ jJU .bjij aJU* 

i,i?- j yi\ i^usi (^ .^iji j^j ^j. ^ ja*j\ \jsz t ^iii s ..., M , i 

Sjiaa^ Oj^Uii l ju3* s «J 1 l Olj iJb^t jiP *^-l>J 01 l^lj L.JLiP ?-L>tJ o^-haII 

01 lijP JjUi Ujl Ljl lyjx 01 JJ ^aAai. 01 j^x'lS ^ yjai co^ 

l^ 6 ' cA *c^ w ol ^ r*^* c^ ^^ (^ o^^" r*L ^j -(»r*J«i 

t«U>-l Oi OlT |^» li,jj A>-lj jShJI Jl jJbfili cojjill i^>- ^ 0j*->4 



•j-*!) -"S (27) 
jVULJI i j&i ^yi diL. «UJI J> L*i JiUJl SjU J^ (28) 

i—jj_. ^J j^— - — i^ 4i^» Jl (29) 

241 



Jl :ywaJI OyLJI ^Jai-o jl ^ coLuilj i>tL-Vl ^ <uSCl U *** }UU- 
Jtfj .*5Wj jv'W (Jj*m 4*iijl jjj 1 aJJ tl^sq cOj^~~o \jJc>-\i <i;jj>JI 
£*^~- aJL j^>»jI Jii OlT Jb'UJI dJUi Cl[ a*, UJ ^ ^ 1^1 ^ajl 

J \jj> Ib-L-Jl jji-^i lyK' ^jjjl ^j\ 4 4oK~ o^pj ol l^lj l«JL^ IjjL ^aJI 
"^ J<» ^J^j^lJ* '^ ttiti t£j~- pjoap ^ ^ tOj^-Vl ppj tfi :Ll1 
^J- 5 <£>*^l jx^I) ^"^ oW**^' £\^*^ ***"' u^ .^Uwl L>«JL« v_iJL^vj 

•^ Hj -£j ^ t/b ij «*!; !>*■ tJ^UI c3 lyK~ ^ajl o^t lij cjIjuLi 

•J-» J* <i l^aPj U j»jt Jjj 01 AkijJi O-LJI *d~J £yil g^ »-^>. 

4*U»I ai gJUII OL o^l c^JUl ij^ *a J,} ^ydl la* c^jj^ c^JUl L-,U 

J^Jj '^ <J\ J *^J i^i i)\ ^ <_^»JI *ip ^^ ii*l£jl V«->j <Jp 

Cj^ J*^ , '^J i ^^ t* l^ 1 "^ till/ Ml 4^oii t— 'LSI fW l^iij jlpll 
J^o (30) rj J| ^ J, .^1 J ^r 0>j Jjtff SOP i^Ll ^^ ciSl/Ml 

i*JUJi JUhU i^jlpj t ^j» ^ £. js^ii ji ;u-> ^ 

iJp £. ^L-i AJli^ ja V^~ Va* ^J .JL*— Ji jUaiMl lJUb Jp aJUI JU- 

ja \j^ I^jlp ii^" (f toLj^i>cill ^ I^JLjJ jyi^ Oy^b 0>- ,JL ^l y 
Jl jIp ^ '^IjjI-5 ^riftj U>-jj Jl lf*$o- jl-Ij .0^ tjJL*JI^ toiiail 
01 Ml .^Ll yL- ^. yil dJLJi a^j ^UMl ^ J \A y \ Lj ^ ijjdl 
& b 4 l ^J-l ja xtiy; Jp i^- t jL4-i Ji ljj> as l^ir ^aJl ^uii 

l^trfj !>^J 4 Ol*J' t y.J^' (^^ c (^*^!>** ''M : T-J l*"!/^ uy-^ t^UwJl 

^'1^ f^tJI ^j~-l IjjL^ii (^^ cbi ^ o^ '^"WL )yfi pf\ f*j tp4«a*t 

^^ -uir^l vl^-^l LL>-J jh?^' J* 8, f*jV "O^j^l l/**!) <^ Jj ^ 

s-A> 'ji)j3jl cri^ f- 5 J^l '^^"J -^1-"* ^ (_rs^"l f^ 00 ; t/ 1 ^ ^ lP 1 
lylf jjJUI (3i)0UJI s.^UI ^^ 01 ^ . ^U^jVL j^J ^i Jl tj d»dl 



f^~. 4 (30) 

242 



l^jUi .^.IJLP-SU SjjII «i* £iC V ^ J-iSi j^ ll-i J*uL Vl y-LiU A*c 
J j^JOJP 01 [jJa^V UvbP Oy»jUj j**> l^wJl ^1 Vj tcJjJI Ja*j ijUil 

^ 06 ioj^-I i$>- ^j !(n: L>wJl j^^^-^-J JjiLJI sUj ^ ,jcjU £« (S^ 
Oj^^i \y^ \^>j .(^jJ (J SjI; £• ^IpV aJU ^ J~yl •*» jail?' u-yJ 
£* i/*y ^JLr? (^^ *<-— ' '^' ^J^ 1 J J^p f-> Ji*' iOjL"LL *Jbj U^ 
US" OUju-wJL- cp C-^3 tr^'-^'- 5 ->£/* ij^ < *r* L ^ ■ i > s ^ fr^-JI^/"-! 
£• U^^dJi^d i_-*i c^JJl *jJ;jl)jI (j-JjJ f-s Oi ,^>- iSOjJLi Sjl^ 0!&Uj 

cUL-1 O^jl jlfJI iUi J Ji, .*lil ^ihr Jl l^*> 01 Jl c^UI 

f ' 

j^b '^^ J^ p*- 3 .^ ^' b'j ^^^ '(j- ^ l^>d^ oJOjl illi ^ 

C-VLJ»j**I *J c..^a.A > - »-Ur>- ciiJU Jl V*>^ f- 5 ^J *?"J^ />* OjAsaij 

LjU-I ctXLL J^aJI JJU3 JL> 4*JUJI oi* c^.j .^paJI Li* Jp <Ui ju^j c8,U- 

.o^l 5fc>-JJb v»*jAI ^ < :r *S~ «^» i^i v^" ^ (^ 

*,y. sIj j^ff f\^ U» .iJyiJI oU-l ^ ^iL ^ Oih^j 4»U-^ Jp JUL; 

^L^ ^«i lf£Lo Nj ^>JI ^^ Ujlp ^A, Jl ^aIJJI 5^)1 ^y^JI Jl 

Oj«L- ^ .JWI ^^ivaJL i^X. ^5 i\p Jl j\ tJJ-l J| |^ VI j*J\ 
<y *k*j Jj 1 ^ J jl *>»*J1 i-JW- Jp OU^pVI ^a ^JjTl jj Oy-iy Sj-oU 
.iiJiT j^J VI jb iLoil J^JiJ UU ly> !5^ prST-Jl 01 vL-^ cu> 



*i*+> i >.*ji> J^ 11 h? '^- sS ' ( 32 > 

i^li jjJI (33) 



243 



dju~i\j *~-UI J-^tiJl 

^UaJI Sijli^l Lf~*-I ca*~J SSt- y^ ^-*aj (jjA lj^4> l^_Ju» «Jla 
t/ir^i J*£ Lf^ "*~X jr '^> <j*- £*-> uwu ftJsLSjl ^ SJUy 
u£>W!j a~,UL| i^jjjl Jj V^ oJ^I tfjjjjj fc,lsll S^jjl ^ ^ 
01 wl~£ cj^waJI 5ft*r 5^j oJllL ija>l ^SH .*}\2 ^,1 C^ Uy> 
^Jl Ja*, d ^JL-JI x-^j 0^-io .aJI 0^-1^ L. JT 1^ 0jU4 OlSLjl 

.^UVl OlC jSL-T <j^UdLJ *ljdf *ljpf p$ 

» • o ^ 

•&aL~a ^Ua)I 2ij\iDl\ Lj-w-l ciu> j\j^\ oli 0^*9 5jjJl. 

•y.1 If^j tCJ^JJj uuLJI ^/saj ijarjl l^J^ OjjL yj> JI Jojo 01 jlj cUli 

i/fiV j^u <-»u>- Air i%ji ^ jui ftJ 4-ij 4 5jjUii oluji ^ iiijdj 

Jl^ >dl Njj 4( ^-> jy4-l ^ OJIT lil ilbfc Oj^JL . v_^l j* ^ 
aU£ .aJ (^jOI 0ji)JI 5^3 '0jXj>JI ^-Ij aJ^— o ^UaJI 0T Ijl*- v--jyi 

i-ouji aaJjoi^ u£*% ^ **-j^!j ^> «*-ui ^j^ 1 J o-^*^ 

jyt;— Jl« JL>-LJ1 L^laJI 
C(36)J^UI Jp Jk, J*U J^ Jp SSjli^ll I4— t iCOi ^JL. 

(*tfJI ^ CJIT VI ^ i^il jUI Jo; .c^T jcvUIj ouji (cJJl oy J^dj 
Ir^- ol Jl iiUI ^t i^U oils' VI O^jjll J^Sjj col^ijb iUl, Ay5 

.U.U.I j*= (34) 
(r^) 130 ^lil i328 .y tljjil j^>jijyi ^^-A-l >,! S^il ji 1^1 J^Vl j (35) 

.L.L-1 j*- (36) 

244 



5^ ( _ r -«- oJL. liSU iiJuj -< 38 >£j u-l) Jp <%fti5l Jl aL-jIj tUl5l>.l 

*LAI lJu iUfrl *J1 ;L~JU OlSCx v*Vl ^ OtS" il c4i tJl^fl Jp -upjj 
U-l ^ ^JLi 01 «JtPj oij ,/»jiil ^/y» apU«-2J [^su tL»lwi| J| Osy^' jyf^ 
t*J ^J br 4^c of 4,1 U Jp «£i fU-l ^3 t*!T ^liVl Jp lJL~- dUi 
t^JLil j^Jl jlp 4_J1 J-y\i .IaL.1 <u*^« ai ii-UM ON t^Jd I jl*- -Ob 4jI*-Ij 
U^-j tS^p *u LaJl>-I °y> LiL-ii J jl L5^il J &i^» a^ijl 5jIp tj illJJl D^ 
0*V tJL^JI .iJLJi Jl* Ufi**; JL*j ij .U~>«~- oL. fcL-?- iiy J} iU-l 
aJjL tl^LL-1 J -Lif J-^- J4*w V>L» J lyc*i> ^g^- cjJUi I^Ju^ i v]^" 
frVyb .aU^/I IJU J^4 c^JJI jjS>JI jc <£/£. ^-r>- t^wjl ^-^J f 6 *"]/ "r^ 

Jf-JI IjIa Jl (3^1 ^^xiu Cop«j t^-slj »^w» ,-iJ t^i ,~oU» ^ jw^L* 
■ <^JL>- aJUj j^S- ^\ l^bij ijUll jt^jlp J^*i cOUjaiJI j^saj i_-*Ua£*-N 

AwjI^I 4PrjjJ\j <*^> i**-U)l Ajt-jJJI tj AJLiJlil oJjb ^j^JJaj J*£ 

IJL^ ,j*Jj ,1>\£\ *^>l c^ 1 cU^p ,jwv.jJ-Ij i*-^LJI • 5aJjJ[j 0y*^[) 

jLar j Aa»I^ (j£^l o 5 '^ 1 .A" ^ tAiJL>- jl iCJvi <c^>-l OJU ^Nl 

.5;Up 

jTUi ^ l^ Uj jLfl 

yfcj t(jL*aJ} «*-/ J U<^Pj j^* - !^ ^*^ *^jh ^J o* Vi^ J* 31 " ->* 

V «j-Jj ' J ^ 1 u* Ji^ 1 ^i g=i ^ u^ -«W j^J CJL^^ .j-jA* 

.(IjT) jjj^l (37) 
^S'l — i^-J-l J *Uj; oj» sjJJ' (934 _ 909 _ 322 — 297) ^Ul ^J+H JJI J_«- iLl >j a-ai 
89_S3 j> a-J"UH ilj^ 1 £j" k^ 1 •- >wr - >■ >J" .jJ-iA'l ^.jj i-jlA'l ^. ^Jf y^t U* ^jL^, 

922 U. (38) 

.j\^ jr ^ j£dj v,i^i .u),, lXu u. JjL £u. ^.jji ^^i jisLji ja-r ijU* ^ p*, ijj-i f-i jisUii j-4 (39) 

(f-V=« ) • 3 2 9 .^> KyJ- ^ ,, JJ~\ la. jljjlf ^^J-l ^ (^TLjj ^, ) _ u^^ _ j^JL jjj\ j ^g ji } la* 

245 



•&*\rj*xtj j*±\ djiji* JjUiL ^1 ^ itSjb olS^Jl ott iUJd tJLAU 
^^ > ur* £• ul-dl ^*>U <__, \Afr Oj^ Oji^o* rj i ^1 
y>j c^Nl LV ^Vl JLM >- ^ *iu jiiT j^l ^ -o^-^ 

<u* £j^fj c«Jud>-j c_J^ «oN cSft>£]l t: ^Lj| ^J |jbw J-U^ ija* ._..*. -i 
^1 ^ J J^ J,! ^ J^L| |J^ .^g| 0lS ^ U j^ ^ '^f 

a*L^ Jp *J»LtJI slite J -Wj cjjLJl JJ-I ^ i jJ r \ IJU *ij 

Oj-P SJ*j AiJL* o^S' Oblp 4J»j tjo**^* -W^P jjl^O ^/j tf«— <]^ i«-i c 

<m^3I ^jjSOl Jojo ja h?jf*z*A\ j^sLl Ojj^io ^1 jjp t<-i>o>5^ ^-01 ^ 

£lj N <£^~-l JC Jy" ^^ '«** tJ f^j .JpU.1 ^^ O^f-^yt J^dl Jp 
X.I ii« ^1 ilJiJ-l} .a^IUJJj <.j>r\d-\j t^L^-JI jjp £•%- *i> (j-J ^j^J 

«S> ^ OU^ *il£*,j ij<U)1 Ji-I ^i U^jj JjpLl IJU £aj 

diJaJ . jjL-^Jj pj^JI ja iJiP «u»j tiJilllj «*i5l jiiT a^ijPj Jp J-4-1 

J^l Uj i^^i, N, 5,1:1 ^Ji ^ prf J* Sj^ 'e 15 ^ 1 >^ ^ *£- ^^ 

.Ifi^j ^p villi l^Ti If t^-ib i^JU £jl>. _yb w^5 OjiJii 015^11 

JU*cu-\ J OyiU OjyU' j«J^ tlJ^t- )#& oO¥r pfi ^j* J>-*i 

(p^s.) .Jiji. (330 j.) jyi j.J-1 Jjpj ..;£ Uul <J Jlio (40) 
246 



J UJI oy*# *>W OjjU. t^jU ,JJI ^ jbjf dy^y toJbJLi L*l/ 

(41)JUI> ^ 

jj£" l»^ J^ 1 >=r^ 1 <y A ^' ^ r^ "^J^ ^i-* -5, y*J • t / , ' i ^ *!/^ 

•j-jl-l J* \j!&j £*Jii\ ^ ^Ui *J> Oli IJJ t jr *iJ-| ^yji ^j^ j[^\ J^lp ^L 
*!>_} ^ J t V* i *J1^' f^^ 5 J**' o* tiJcJL rf] i^aJ o^jj-p Oj-yi *j6j 

W £f*?*i <J^ Jf**^ («*! ^^ £-}J a ^' W*^* ^1 !^U ***M f- 1 ^ «[/•' C^J 

3^-j (►fi^wJ JU-JI *tf> jj-^. ^ ^W J& .j**-\ o**^ J\*i 



(t^r-) v^ ^ ji vJL! ^ J^l J (41) 

247 



»pP ysi li[ ^ ,^£ tjv^^iJI Ji* *yJ\ \yr- -u* OjU>*j t^jjjl jjj £. 
^1 ^11 ^ijfy jpIII ^ bLi O/JLjC .IJLJL! Lfi UUt dJJi ^1 

£1P*N t/*** *i oi If -JjaJI ^/"j a-* V** oyiaL* t j^jJi J.L* ^« if-ji-o 
.sis*, ^^ir tw^u t>Mi *sys ja jt\ Ojij^y .^-iij fti^i 



^ ^ill tOjLiuLi sSjA 01 j5 oily ^J j* pJ> U ft L*l OlCJI 01 d~6 
<jy- f jf-l JS~ J-A-l IJl* j fli .v-Jl^iaJU ( »-$IaS' OjUs» N 4^ Oj*jI: 
.^UpI J Lib Oj5L^ fr lJa~o OISLJIj .Oj^Nl Oj-U-1 o-Uai ^UkiJ 

.Ji ^ dJLii Oji/o M ly»T il .ail, J, J* Jl OjlAii 
^j/.\ ^y Nj c^yj .y !*T »** a/Uj ijJ~\j c^j c^Jl ^ 

t ^i ^> am** o>~ii ^ *v] oi ; iuuu 5 j^j v^-j *^ 

£l/L tJsf f ^^1 j^ <v>=- ^ W a- -y' °j!& 0U ^ K^ 
l^ixJ c^llj ^>b dr" ^ K^ ^ ' oli1 ^^ ^^^ 



.j,^.) i-jii yU! li--», U-' «J» oA ^ . (331 ^) oyi x* (43) 



u**^ J**^ ?»**^ ^i^ V 'W^" ^*I •J^" «-*^' Cr 4 Jr^ '■** 
>l— iLi ^^ ^ ^ o^sM-' J& l ^jj-"y ^"j J^- \r^*~ij 'p-*^ 
JV-4-1 £lL If 4 -dL^ a£1, gjJUl JLAI; jj J* J** Jlij .(45 )( ^UVl S^ 

JLp-]*- c.^Ji-1 jjya>- i) uj*--*^ als^*^ ^* i*^ *-if <_3 OK' il c<UjUp 

^jl l^i ^51 jl JLu lg5o« t-Jily iLyJlil ol^ laJx>-\ Jij .JUaj^l jl^SJI 
c^Ju^JiJI «_^.Li lf*£^. Jlj L« <^JUI y»j 'C'^) pW ^y * A s*^" V^ JL *' 

* 

J^aJJ ,Jj!a>-j Jyl~j SOP iili* jl If .d\£i\j n^^Jd^ j^}\j 4?t«Ji3l ^ 
ja i^r>j\^- «->Vl JLU 4 " j* JOjt «Vj^J .4-illl OUiai ^ IflSj c^lyiJ^ 

«L«b>- ^ !>Uai ^OLyiil t_JbT ,_^uj cJblJI iJJ^ al*i ^ jjlp *^j 

jy^lj jk*.yi J-^i5l 
<* i ° 

^.W >ii .^,'1 ^a- -»ji/^> j^ili j* «Liii U jyi jlp .iJU-iT ijj JjNi ,,-Mj .jjLi-i ji jl^i-t : jji'i j ( 44i 

.(,^p.) 133 Jt-Uii .331 .j* .jlji 

•jU* (4 5) 

(|r»->^) „>- yi* J~-< „** ^ ^>* ^ J^" 1 ■"■ J 1 ** -*~ \ tj—J } Jjttii jV .^Jjll ^ ^Jy (1 i ) 

(^j^l ^i|l J-^i »yl Ji tjjlj J jJj- ^J)l y» ^j ^JbJI 4)1 J-P J_oii «W (47) 



249 



OUjai OAlii .jy^i N, ^J <j JL^4 N ^ t0 dl jl^ii, rj >Jl ^ jj?r 

J** 1 til ^lA 1 ^ji tOj^O* ^ jvAj ipjyi ^^oij OjLjS; |y ,u£L^, 

(0.%-Ml ^i/Jl j *LU* v t)lf il tJLil; ^1 <Jp :y-o 01 JJ v .,jj 
^ J*** ]yV dUJU .^Uj JUM y> Ui- £^ ^bMl L^ jjiL" i**^ 
J* 1 Jji-I LpIU j£j tl^l^jjl j^ai ^-Ul ^ j^ yi JUL OK} t^l^i 
huj\ Jp Lu; Jbjj ^1 \^£ ^ly li^UUl jl^li t(J -li ^JUL. UpL-j: tJJ-l 
<ui Jwa^M j^J tU>- ^L UjUiOj-p Sjlp J^l IJUb J Jor-y . jUl* t_3VT 
ja lj^ oLUj i^lj Oj^JI jUjvit lit* 01 If .£*ill ^ JJi Ml 

ijijajt OlSLjl .S^JwaJlj 5^1 JLiUI ja o^iS" OUU* £. s^tll jU-iNl 

.^;i^ <_>mT ;l~/- ^ juji jjiyCj n^-Mi juli aiSw. ^ ^1^ jstj- 

0^)1, CJWI J^mJI 

UaJ *i jlT tOi-i^-j^ {yu Jatflj JjUI JJf-L J^asll JJ-I 1-U 
^ t?ij -^y^ (v* lf~~~-y» 01 Jp ^?UJ\ J*^ j* JjJ OJby jij*^»5 
La Jl UjI Oyl (f48)oU; J^ jy&l jp Oji^-i ^1 Ui jtJM oA-ll 
J JauU ^JIpL-j ^l dJJi £y tLj^" 0\5^» Jf ^ Ljyb- JLij tl^* Z->J] 

tji*jjl ja JJi Ml AJ JL^; Nj .IJL^- i;lj IftjU tOj-P S»Ap o a^ t^Jtll 



(r*/") Jj^" • jyi xp (48) 



250 



OjjJ. s.\jSi Ol£jl .aJ o1> i%JI OV tjjiT jpUI ^ copU 5^1 JJiUlj 

S5U-h Jjl, ^JL-j ^li oJLi lp» Oj^J *jS jyr ^\>\& iili* ,j>J i4-^l* 
.I^IS" j^AJI DlSw ^/^-l *-*j tC-~^ ^ t^— j cojUp j* {J*- 0lx~J1 

ja ^J t^bi «_>Vl 4JM 1 OjjjCj t^-U ctJJL* Jl £yM Oj^Jj cJ-wJl ^ 
.JjUI SUj ^ JJi iOP ^ j£j c^jli (^i ^ 

Oji^ ^UM J^iJI 

L-U JjJ^j fi Lp| (S2)4jlCy 4>JI O j^o |J^ ^j JALi J^- 

^ r^. ^ ,(53 V j ^' ^ ^ ^ ^ ** '^ ^ 4^ 

<r~P) jyi xp u uji, _ ^yu ji iL+ii ^u _ ^^^ ^ . ^i j (49) 

C ^UII fIJU (50) 
.ajj : J^SlI (51) 

"M> gr- (52) 
•J^J 'ilwj ityj & (53) 



251 



j *^5j Oy*~*aj ^ (^rji tj>-l Ol£f jl jj-lij Ojj/>oj j»^j t«^*- ^Utfl 

etc 

Oji^lj ^iUI J-^iJI 

ijl&Jlj 5^01 £ Jjlli s. ..-■?> tJbJL>- ^ t yrj>^ <^~>- 4^Nl JJ OiM^ 1 
<3;Ui 01 vfJUi ^ JsyLil UL?-I l^U* lijj .^-^U^-JV O^jjUoj .p-fAj 
.4j;Uil JL^ i*Ay« Jk JI (3li)5l iJu,U<i« iJU-o jl t«3rjj ^j-x4-1 j-_j>il 

yul o^-l Up gaJ ^\ gj&lj jJii^li ^ v*-^ 1 IJuh • J^ 1 <> !^*^ 
OjSjjJIj ^1 y>*J» ^ JbJuil +k 01 l|f .(j-o^lj vsi^ *** t^ 3 ^ tj^-i -u* 

^T oi£. ji ji ^u Ji irjL*. *c-)J^ a^tuji j* iJr j*u g^i 

jjp jjp^JU-* ^l* i_3Nl iL*^ !)Ui OyJj^y 4 rl^ J^ ^Ji "^J U*«5 



OjJ^ ^Ul J-^iJI 

(56)^_-JiJ| 

.(,^-j^) OljjJI X* U UJ|) wji!/ ji \j> j> • J-oVi J (54) 

SjU* (55) 

.(^j^) 138 ,>Ulj 334 .^ .Jljj" -** >' .J>=-ri' J-A' 1 4 (56) 

••■t} l CJ*3 'J*"-^ 'o" ul J 'C 1 * 1 v/ 1 ( 57) 



252 



d\ £~>? .c^jJI ^ j&\ J*J ^ dpj\ jl^il ri p uy ^jy 

^U i_>Ml 5j^A? Oj5j^y .(^-1 tUil ^ p f ^.S 'o Uj tJiUiJjj tt-JyoJ^ 
£Ldl j^ 0*4*11 *JU» i} cJbUI 5Uj ^^ ^ j^ tjjff j^^l ^^f 

tSLi*- -^IS" c^-jjU^ <J>Ml 5iv-j i^S Oi***^ a* ./ s ' f-** J^ J**" 

j* l^waP jiiJI ^Li sSy»\ j£3 c^JJftJI J £y^ JjiS* .^jiffiyd i-~~i 

4 ^J tk_-o)Jt Vj> £^*JJ tj*i-l o ^^a*? Jj-^1 L^ (> j)a*J ^1 fj^Ol ,y J& 
.^\ j> JJi :>Op ^ Wjj tJ~M 5,jPj v--j J*^ M> e* 5 f* ^ 

Oji\fJJj *->UI Aw*iJI 

«V *-^ <J la *-' ^>S^J Oj=j>J^ Oi^ jU^M */s^' u£l— ">* ^^* «l)i If -S-^' 

CjJ^a ~rj£) tj«JiMl OlSL* jSL- ^ j&i L-^iJI O^Jb ftl^t *L£l OV^ — SI 
v--o dDij <Uwy >* ^ MJ ^li L ^ OjJ^ M f?\ J>j c c )/Ul ^ 
ij^-j) |»-f*jjf j^? M l^>-I <p- j^»j .^iap 5^5} j^i-sr (llJL*« *>yw> 

^•Ml jLcO i 0} ^,-li ii> ^*/f t^*- 1 ^. ^JL^J -OjyuAJIj «^3l AjilU ^ 



^•^ ^ : J^i J (58) 

1510 i- (59) 
139 ^Ul .335 ^ .jy, ^^ >1 .^, . ^ ^ ^ (fi()) 



253 



jl Oyu\j ONI ^Jhj -(^!^!> (H^ <J* lj ^ ^JJL*^ fT^ '(Jj J 1 **£~i 

3L.J ^ iJiP ♦r^' ^ 'Vj^ <-*■" ^U O" "^ <^ji^! p-r^ 'p-rd ^l*^' 

.OLyiJlj JbLJI 

uaU-l oyj ^ -^ J^ii 5j ^!j ^ ^1 ^" ^ JW*- ^ ^ 
rfyjy try*** j>& t\f\ M 'o^ 1 V^ ty** V pr 1 ^1 'OU^i 
Jbjl <ij -^JJIj j>*^ o*5 l/"^ 1 ** <^»i <^ ^^ u* Vb ^f* 5 ' £" 
jli oli jW^Jj o^ oLIp lftf-.:!>J Ol^L-Jb il»l S;_>*~« ijJ^ L*a^ 
Ojlsi. d~£ O^jkii* Ol&Jl ^£i ti^JI ^UaJ^ jM jb tfL- ^ jtf'l 

^. jsd VlSL- ^itj <«)4fttf IfJ^j ^-1> ^p U*^ «!j\Sll JL4-J 
t^T ijy- 4i.Jdl ^ fUJ) .^/li till* Ji Lji^ aJj 1 »- i51 Otj**J *~~*' 

jijjli J J-*, « J^ -a V- c >. ^s" -* «■* W *!> > J >' ,J r ^«» 337 j- ' J W ■" {63) 

(r ^p.) 4_^ >JJi a*li 

._yjl Jl J,iJl j. (64) 



254 



oU> ,_/**! *^H (j"J t»LL* (^4^ '-rijLs 1 i—«JI j5*e- [C^l li>- l^J^jj .LglS' 

lf3<i~-jj 4^-li jci*! Jl 4*-*Li J^— J~M IJU *uL- (J JLy: .aaI^I JbLJI 
OV tS^b« USb l)j^j ^Jl t^Ji^l ^ jJLaJI Ijl^ ( «^1a&' ^-li ii^Uj ^.jl 

5^jS oLUjj 'Oi^l) <-^/M j^* - * 1 !} 0-r^ j**^- 4 ^^ ^^ ^y tOL>*~^» 
SJi jyvoJ <i^£ t^JaiJ- ^^1 0>«-k> cOj^— Ol^Lji .ji^-l O^IT ~>\j&\ 

J 1 1.-^* -1 J^ ^ , o^' r^^" til ^ ^j**^ tiuJi Jy* pt>d urV 

#.l^5i pAj coLi^ ^^IT t^Ui *_iNl i*jjt JJ-I IJla 0l5w jj^o 

t>* l/^ -^ ,^ • prift*- (^* ^J J Oj/>-Li^ ^j J&- djj>*j£* djJ»~A* 

dj*Jaz*~j 1 (.f.\~*j> p-i^f- <^P^> *-^jijlsA[ (£j>-\ 4&>? ^y> ^^i (■)/*)} ~^r 

•rl^ 1 J^ -^ ^j*^ 1 J JLJkl ^^ J^' 

(p^) ^ 1-41 J^UI i337 .^> .Jljjll ^-J-l --US' >.! (65) 

2b5 



J») ^ J 1 J^ tf 
*C*t^ (J*" ^M 5 "4/i ***f3 t-i^aJj 7C-I^ #!& 4^1? jiiv» J~>- 

P^T SJp <lj .Ojj\£\ j^JI ^ ^ tjft i" JjJi^- JjLJI Jwfl ^ 4JUaij 
£t*i)l OjJUo^ V .DjjjSC- jl£-Jl jli IJj t^^U j-^*y S-sl^ W f^! 

^i5* t-^Ut i-3 VI #*# <Jyj^y 'Oir^ OirM- 1 £»USb O^jUa <OjJIp 

.^li ii^ly (j-iU ^1 Jl ^-I^U Oj^y "^ 

Oj*~dlj ^j\J\ J-yaiJl 

h>- jr ^ aj j^ tj-^,1 >)j jiUi j^u jjU? ^ jj-i id* 

Ol5v*JI j>o .OjjJI {j* jvS^3l ^gb^j ^j^' j^t*-^ tf a*-«L5. ol>Ui 
^fjJUl wjl^Vl *.* i*jb «_-y>- tj *Aj ^jpj <j*\*i ^y^tii i£^\ O^UaJIj 
Joju pr* Cf i -^M «-*N j"^ </^ i>* J^ *^J^J 'ij^ lP^ ^Ji^ 

IJL* **>- Ijl^ ijo -iJI t ^ '/t-v^*-j (frifc^ ^U^^j ri^' ^l*-*} aJ]sJIj 
OV tljbf 5JUL5 CJIT ^Jl ^JlyJI J iljj cU^ ^ilj Jlj U 4it £. c^JUJl 

.UJaty *1*«aJ1 OjJyo l^ilT OISLJI 

^j ,-s>w~« Jj^l 7-jii L»-^ ^/^^ Ji C^W °^* vW V"*^ 

p*Afi* Csyu Vj tj «jM j^iT Oji/o .JLsU jjrf l/sjo dlJiS} <J*-L«M 

j^*-d[j t.r^l^-1 J-^aiJl 

SJ" U ^ (^ Nl ^ V ^ c5^» OlS^I J J^^U JJ-I IJL* ^ 
^ji Oi^ ^^-^^ ^ V Jr Uj ^ lJUj .^1 is?* & 4-d ^ 

256 



Jp Osr-y oli tO^JI 5J5 ^ .JOUI Jl JUi, c^T Si- ^ Jbjl r ip jr 

i*u _^J y*Jj .D^Ull ^ i^L&i ^ .g^aJI, s^jl iLiUI ^ 
£-) W) Oyi ^ <*LpI OI^JI jli t^ ^ v/l juj V il c^U 

•^J-i ^ill u&il ^i J^ ^ ^ J5 i5j Up iU ^ JU-l a Jn 

^C ^OJI ^| J ^ ^jty tafl ^ ^y,, J ^^ 

Afi 6i^ ./oji j^ ^uvi lu <j >T j*. ^. Vo*-~ii 

• v>Jl ^ ftlaal <u*l» <&? ^lui ^oU y> ^JUl ^jr ^i ^ 

(2) J*> jr3 *-^' (^»i ^> d ^- ««j*l» (<Jl»t ^oL, y ^JJI f&f IJU 

s^li a^U, ^U! a» oy J^UJI ^Jl ^ OUJL" a£U li^i «jutj 
tJa-^1 ^>JI ^'U* oMj cv^l Ul^j i-^uiJI \J\^ jy Jo JkJly 
IJa cj dUX' ^ .b^>! 2>UD oljLiil J £*j JL>- ^ ^ ^.j 
UJb l^oy t( 3) j^| J|^ J| ^ y ul^I loaf t ^L. > Jl Ol&l 
>Ji II* oy <^ J- 1 ^ 1 Cf* J"A< *1 ^ -^ ^ jji cpb > 

jyiljil j^Jjj .U^-loJI LJ e.\jp^e «u^J c3»W- 5^-j L^K j%J| aJLA 
J—is p—Sj 'W-I^j Ooil J^ii ^ : r L-SI #•# Jl ^Nl lJu Ai,liVl 

(144 ^Ul) tJJ C , y, 4^.1 ju i!u «^. ( 340 u -> jyi ^1 x* (^y,, iiijT yi ( 2) 
_ 146 ,><UI .340 .^> ijjji _,bT _ «1>' JJ, VJ.\ oUi^l s ^» jjT jj^l j ^^T ( 3) 



257 



U* J^j . j_yH ^1 Jb2 ^1 oljliil Jl ^jJ-l > ^j tj^JI >^ ^ 
Jp jl* d^- iJ^JI ^j tjSOJI ttJUN JU-i -yJ» a^t ^ ol;U11 

t> >*Jl «Ul J ^U-j tOlSC JT J fill ja Jii It: ^-ji cfi '£**!> ^ 
^yc jl ^Ji\ ^\ t'^jA] J.y-J\j ^WH *4* U&) 'V* jr& l S** 

*~*r Oj^ic ^jui jU^Ji (5)ajiiSii ^jsii ^ yf ^^ ^^ *>" 
^~* & 4 r*j - 5 >^b *£" ^ ^ ^ bJp > '^ ^ & 



V^_-T .Ujp o~j^ ^^ ^b oy**b ^> ^b ' N > b*^ 

^b. ^J IJbr A^-Li 1^1^ .*S]«4» ^U fli* jbj '^' l : ^*^ 

.iyU, ^ji ^» (4) 
i-JVU. ^ (5) 

(r ^i.) J-. «U (341 j») Jijji* JL* Jl^ 1 l -i* 4 j^ 1 JV ( 6 > 
.(^-j^) 341 ^ U48 ^Ul J JU* j»^» Jij .jyi j-J-l a* U Lu J eJ (7) 

258 



.4-. JJi jVl ^ v Jlj Ly c^ULl ^ £>*-- U,l JJjUl 0IS3 

ly(T U-Lp tS^-i iLfr ijA» iJUU ^ OU^I J**- AaJ .*L*4 c$JJI 

UJU U^U- c4Jb^ SJl. -^ .lf> ll^ 1 u^ 1 ^aJjj jWI jy h& 
J^i\ siUi JLy .jlJ-I ^ v 1 ^ W 4y *«8)UJU» lfl>oj Cj^JtJI Ol^l 
ji-Jb JL*-~ll ^JylJl J* Ojuw b-^b cfc-^ttb U-L OlC JisAt 
ox. Jjj oU (9)Li^- IpJI OL&yi&l Ol&ll J~-jl cUJJlJ .ttbaM o/Ll 
jt^l >1^ c$JUl o-l» *iUx IjJI^jeJ LJI iJL^ OlCjl ,Jp lij .aJjA-* 
01 *Jta^ — j Ji t„jj>-\ ^>j>- J }Uii> 0£" i3V c5-^-^>JLJ J^-j 4JL—^J^ 
ilJL.Vl Ua 01 ^ Up JU-I Jl l^>wJl 0lx~JI 01 jjP .a^oLj ^po^ 

^ J ji^JVi i^i; oi »i*j OjUU J jLJl fl^l* jyf I (\£ (.**\j JJi 

.Li tyu^»l JUaJ ,_) iipJll .>**>- 01 -l>uj t-JiJl r-t)t^Lj yli fb'Vl oJLft j 

.dllll J[ aJL* L.U tj \juL* 01 J[ iy-Vl aJU* 

it***)/ a*-*- Jp U^Jta jujJ 00)6^. iJLJL* ^ (i^-iJl ifs;- ij A>-jj 

t_i- »j A»L-v« J,l oJll! ^ ~ry^J) tjia>- OjJb iiA-i i_iil )t»«J ol V^i? 
i^. 5 - JOu Jp t^«Jl J\ J>--U L^j <JjJw-\ 5i«< ^p ^)U JJj -r^>} 

<J&*i ij 4-^P JsAi \mjjA \j£ 0j>o a^«-^» ?«ji*- (J '<LLX» ^* ^"^ 
Sj^Jl JI J>.Jb" 01 j^JI ,^k«o" jj±-\ JL^-j .iilii vj 4iL^. Jl jTL^/l 
^> I,aL. ObJI Oj£j 01 v^ ^ .s^aII JjU Jp o&^" jl? 5 -^b 
^— ci i^ili i->-U ^* iitj J»[^>-i Oj^o" tJdi jlpj .(j-i^Ji v- 1 '^ 

jl 3jZ}\ ip- ^ Sji ^Jl ^ L»>^pj ti^jail ( _yi-JI j^» JJL_J Jy^JUlj 



922 i- (8) 

.1496 «-(9) 

« J oi-*ll j^l» (.jJI 5UJII ^ (10) 

259 



OM Ojawo 0%-^-JJ ^ .^ill [^ IjJ^U (H-.JbL ijJlH CjS~ U-Lp 

4jjU* a* jL>-Vl l_JIp J Vj^i '^^ °*** f^- '^Jj- 5 jj-j^ ^ 
jjj— ^ l^ijAj 1 ^ (J p- ^1^ SJlP j^Jp <-Jta) ( I2) 'e>j^r' JW4"b ^^ 

lj A-*Ja-Vj ^_~AO C jL-riJI J> ji^ "^J ^ O^-Vj jt-^lj C4iNj Jp o^Ip 1^-iJ 

tU*- Jlp jj^j \y& j^V tlJb-l |^waj 01 Oji JL*j j^ jUil I^Silbli 
t jl^iJL oft 1 Ails' t^UJiaJ ^ycJ jjs^ Jbf J ">U* £*-j/ 4if Jl iiU^'L 

t^CjU ^ $g\ ^jk bii .jl^fliL; \jia { J>- tSl^il (Jajt^j AjL-yb 

^,-jli (3^- ^Jl dJJi ^j .Ua^i cf-r^J **-^ 7^^ ^^ O^ **& U C-^ 
t 4Pl;i Lv.V 5JLl-^!^ aaJLJ-1 0I^» t) <Jifw j-jU ^/y ^j <i«k> < 13 )^L-.J 
1U-I ^s»j>- -Uj .!>L5 oi^li 4*-^ J^>-^ tuy^>» ti c^jN A * s ' lir^ ^ 

4»U- C--4JJ Ojjaio-|j 4^9 IjLi JjJJl AjjliU (3^» ^ (3-*^* (-3 A H Sr if 
t JlJ-\ O-JLft Jp y>J t4?-*>Ly 4-y ^ ^j Cj\jj^S> ^gSiij .42^ ^ 4*-^- 

.Jl^jj y. (11) 

•Vh yry Myj cit.jp ^* (12) 
•>j- & ^h\ j* (13) 



260 






t^lSci ^j ^V, Jp oljUJI ^ L. UIp 0l& tj -LJI £>~il ^ (14)^U 
ipj*Xj» i~*U-l CaUaJl c^j Olij .SUlUj OL^aJI rj* j^3 ^^i ^.j**^ 3 -* 
cUall jf- j*5>\ lAb-l JaJLJ U*«sll UJUPj cU* Olf U-l jJLsili c^-iUS" 
ijjliil ^li .*>L5 abjli 4^ o«is>j tl>b>- ^yj.1 lp (15)^LJ ^Ji JJ! 

.J*UJI IJu £. L,JU- ^JUI OLp^I 
s^y> 4} j£ y JU-I oJuk J (16)^1^1 jb-l «li cJ^JI iiUi JL*j 

aij .ii-L. yi a^Jj cj^/l Ioa Jp ^*>J cja>- 0^ ijjil Jjls**** 
j~>S ^li^l^ia c<J ^—^o JlT g[>* ^> ^ ^Jb fbM jot? 

J Ij^i*. tUJNl fli* ^ .eJL^ ^iJI cijll J-siJ \jaj j&f ^jbl" 

. JlJ *UI Oj^Sl ^ ouS/i ^ <*, ^ UJA f+Jj Jej c^UpLJI 
<i> ^1 j& cLUp U-^i, 4j OJj cifjUJI ^_jdl v l^| Jb-f ^> I^Jbtl 
(H-^!j ^!r^ a* ^3 ijjUl J-.]^ j^^j 1^ £ Ljlsj. y^P 4_>- 

asu y ^ r ^i c^^^ ^1 r ^r of \jb ijl^i ijUii ^ ^ Uj .a^ui 

^ C-^ 1 W' 0«- (H^I cT^ 5Ui j^yU ^ .Ojjy . ^1 j^y, 

*yUl jH-^i-li ^^V J,>JI ^ 1^ ^.jjl ^jj. olT I^U^ d^ 

ji :%'U j^^ y^ «i8> c i^ a^ v.^1 01 jui j^yii v > .^ yi, 

■u-iw J^- ^* (15) 
.jli£|l j^ jyyi y» ( i6) 

. -'563 S^ (17) 

•-«** o» j~i ^u ^ j^j ji as- (J8) 
261 



.ojJlI Jl f js^li 5^1 ^J* (j^l v £»! aJI ^>- n£i\ $\ a) v^ f 1 

£p Up Jajl^il <Jyaj 01 <u* ^iki -oUwl j* ^j** y^- Jl v^ <-V-l 
4Jt>U- fli coUyliil oiA J j+i> ja jg\ sj .jg JL. Jjti« t) *Jp 

N ^>- r- jjl J^JLi j l»^ Lb s-^J t^aiil ijjdl j_^J <Juik JjAo 

Cr^b '£JL»M J, ^ ^ t^lj f .£ji>1 ^ *J1 0>^lajl ^. 
cJ^ £,j cL^ jj^l ^Jl apUI ej ^jj^aJI cS^-SlI ^lAl Jj i^Jl|> 
Jojl J Ja^l JJI *LjNl eJL* j, .AJii OjJb jj^JI jl jUI J^l Ojll aU0> 

y>-> (i9)ol^Ul £^ ^ ^ Jl aS OS" tj^j UJI oi^J ****" Cr 4 
fcjJdl vL !^-j Vlj ciUaT aUI Oj/X j^j cJjNl S^tf oLsJI ^ 
^ J*j aSj V >JJI J^pL Ll^ £bU ./li .W#\ \Jf> l>->** «&**N 
/^- wjL ^ Lai*- Oy~^j ^ C^b '^ ti^L ^.li tiJ\<— i ja j£\ 
£* Jb)l ^-1) aSL. ^ /fl ^ Jaj .~>jr. U*-f |^_^J J/-^ 1 ,J ^ li^ 
coLSaJI^ otijill ^ j^j tjU* w. «UI 01 Ojj/^-Vl <_$lj Ua^-j .yU«jl 
^Up a. \J>yj 0\ ^ li^- cijJI dlJi aj> ^Jl Jajl^ ^ii, fa cjl^JU IjiN 

(20)o<ja^ 



joo Jpj t\^ ajbUIl oail ^ ^-l> a«^- a*j Jp A^ail * a* ^2; 
^j^Jki l^j ilffi-l J*^. o-L J* ^M 1 J* I U — *' -Lh J^» 0^—> 
OjS!*dlj i~yi i^aJI ^j A> jy^l AlJaJlj ^lp SiJUII ^aJI J 
2u-L*sp o> Vtij .c-JjS'lxj* ^**^J 'U^p jw^i-lj a^^LJI AijaJij 

J^ 1 -' ^J tJ Jj ^y 'O^J v/'J "i 1 ^ ^J 'S?'*' l /^ s ' (19) 
liilc JWJil ijsrjJ' J^i-J M* V"^ 1 *d»-y J ^^Ul 1 o-^ >-* Lf ^jl i^ili »a* ^ (20) 

.(^>>) il*o« L.j 169 .j> 

262 



^JJl OlxU jf ja j>&- 4-*, Jp-j t*>US «-y ja Jib ^Jl Jf- oJUu 

.^-^U* jAj CcLJlt Lift J| ,jlj ijAjl ^i-^ OJO .Ol>JL» ^j^sJlkj A->a.^o 

jy. \jC^~ JLal~u jlS' ^li dJl« O^ vl^ il^S~ jL^Jl <i isuiuy cL» -L>- J,[ 

iAjjlil J^f -u* c 21 )-^ J l£*r-» OK" ulJLlil IJLa 01 d~^-j .^J-\ J>o 
<4jLsf jUkJl Jp Ijj^ ^l oJ^ruJI j^ l^a. jo*- Ol^Ljl ON 14JLL. J^-l 

(^jjl (22)^U-| jl C^>. tjy^j £Jjlj AjU-s^j .JjJI iu- Jl <dliS" J ^j 

a^ ^L±^L tljj^l jl ( ^JLT lybdi .diJi ^ tJi Jp- Oj^Vl :>y^l ^Jk. 
.j>tj' c5 ^j^ i-LX* --->l>w5>l j^>«^ *-r~*^J Jj**^ 1}**"' iii r/j' i*r-* 

Jaj JJI^Ol ^j) j^ o^-b Wi V-lr 1 *^ *J^ *s^" T^ -^ 
oJL-lj ,j-o")U IjJl>-I o^ ^ SjjUil ^jaUi Ujlpj •■sy^lj L^K" lfi>«-i 01 

^1/^-^3 -rv^o* b^ 1 y !^j »>j^ <i! lib* '-^-j 7 i 1 ^^ <ty 

*W»ato cLL (^j <Jl>- J OO k^-->- '^Uj 4jlS^>-l flJLft <U^jLj Aj»>-I tJllft ^?-l 

■ Qlo.-JL" lS *-^*'J ft-i— I 'A*J «l^*st" < -W?J /Vr*-^ ' 

Jp- J-^v» jwa> j*j c^aiJI VI J-j jlj ^ir»^j oJdl eJLA OVl Cj^ 

<-\)^ ^^ S jj^ *&& hM* Si ^-^J -j^iUb IfL-J ^C ^ 5^5 
c0j->w^L1 A-^J ^S iiL* o^j V JIT 01 lyLio^J t Ly- L^i 0^ 
lij .u^fl ^^v iJU Ijjbt'g UU-I ^Uj UJU ^ Oyl L. UIp ^i 

j» X 1 0j& ^Uail OU i^L*. l^ \y\i\ lii ^l^ cUJL. jl^- ,._,„■,,, OUI 



.OUJj _y ^i (21 ) 
.J-J.U; gp ^ y» (22) 

263 



-U* c» ..>"i l^^ 4i)liNl OjiJJll Jji) .Tt-"}/ <u~*j£ iu»L~£ -^Pj /""--'l^ *j!^) 
^ «^>b j^ j^lj c^-U iljLi J^*-*a» 01 JJ jj^ ^ J>}> ja yjj x.1 

^Li jjip L.JL^ j^^J cLm^I pf*& CJl£i i^j^l ^ Js-\ iilijl Ipi 
t^l o-U \£jj ci*^il OAJJ j^ U^Pj ^Uj \jj£U*\ t^As-^ll ^«l J*i^lj 

^j il^U ^U ^1 b^o oij .CjIjI)-* j<p <d| J^ ,J^ J^ ^ s-jJ^S 
vl-s>- tUJL* J^l Jl 0l£~JI j* aJL>- kiJiy tJ^Wl ^jJ v^~* (25) u^ 
^ l*r*p t^-U jJUL. ^» l^U* 01 JUj tLS^il Jl <jj;UJ| t jUAy«JI Jb-I 01 

.<AAaj ^UjLmP j»t^*^ lp (Jjl;lp lp« -lio d^-U 4,jru»-JJLi il ,/*»;J •AjJjf 

oU, ^ tfbotfj L-jU 0>^- «u>l cJ- *^Ip JU-I < 26 > ,Ju -tJl ^ ^j 
a«r»xjl ifjbjj tOLv^Jl; aS^LI L^«.*Al \Jaj (.\j& l^i O^Pjj *-r^ i*\lS^/l 

^ 0^'i fcjOll oJlA 01 C~>: t«-|> Aj 1 "^ V| l^P JUJ M ,<dl «^JI 

(27)jL_^w»l 

aJLp ji L^- U^. <^ai jlp JcX jaLS. J^- Jp itAJI JaI UJLji tiiLJI 
^JJl JLjJI l(4ai) yil^j t^» 5opj tJbJi^-l frte i~L» J"5tr U^>-j t^ii^ 

.i-JlkJI (23) 

•^J Os cr* (24) 

•-^ O" «-*-> J* ( 25 ) 

.4IJI jlp j* (26) 

•J* J^ 1 J s^" (27) 



264 



hjJl\ .if.^j JJL dy»Lsg Oj>cuu w^ JU-j l^l^Ly tiiU O^is 
ftt 01 Jj tj^. ^ i^JbLi l^Li" cJBj <Ol-J^I J-^J **sJ*^ *~~*>- 

JUI ^li ai^Ul l-tfti o/U oliSC £«^ij t^-il JL*- iUL J Js^li 
*jl ( y>- 5^i ciJJJb v — 7*T"U .<J-L*j i^LwP ^Ijl jJp o^UJI ^ ^Jto 
J*>b>-b ^U t4jUJL>- ^ jU«j i -ol (^Ij uJj .5,jS5I J* i^Jdl 5JL* <_/»/>- 
Lyli jy-J 4 - *-. Lgl^o Uj .Cj£ v}^1) OlsMM Cr* "^ *^^* J ? i^il 

JiUI «L.j ^ Ujfj j>Jb Ajlf^J Ojls^ ^-.ilj jyj J**jl 4jUm^»l j^ 

■^Im? <jy* **Ja*]} tiiVjJl «JLa Jp- ^ijj <«c* ^jUj tu^l <L$^- c3 "lA*-^ 0o 
«ili>-l Jb-I $$\ aaUj .i"^Jl y>- ;y4 o-L^- OlS^ t<Jil -cal^ 01 Ji U£L* 

o-ij ^ jct„ ^ <ois& > j* ^ ^ j^ ^ j^ 

c€^ M-» cry <o!r» jt « JjAl J^ Jisai Li* J O^Jj w^ 

ciL^Ji <29«j^ ^ ^ ^ idyJ ^ ^ ^J ( ^ ^ 
(b v^ 1 oi^ai aj* v^ oij .ou^ji ^ ^ i^tr i^l. ^ ji 

UjS* ^ d& U^l ^ yj\ ^ J^ lJLi J| ^ J^- 

~ Oyi oL-jUj jilkJj MjS Jjt : jyi j-^-l -^ jj*) «j|j^» *Al Lr J^Nl ^ >— ^ (28) 

((^-ji.) (jiP >-Sll vji kJ|j cJjVl iuji/l jjk^ll ebl^l, _ .u-jUT _ U J r > *Ui i. 
^ t 5^j/ Vi pJi'i ii» i,U* ^ V» 4,1 Jp (14 . l> ») ajJi *dU, ^ ^jSXyi j-o- jU (29) 

.(j^-ji.) «jUVl <JU> Jo; V la* 
265 



(f .L^u ^.^ aJIpI ^ j^ilc ^ tsjiS jpLj ON tUJL. J"*^l yl <> 
tj Ulfv-[ 1$1*Ip Jl ojUNl Ojijj ii»}>J ilyulj *j»j -L^w- ijj 0^— jj .Ji 

vi~>- i^JuJI (d>I ^^) ci-l~* i^Xi Jl *W_ 'l^t- j**' J^- 
t Ju^ ^ : ^j> 3S* Jl ,*-*> j»j -jufs jt* ^/ ^ uyj «* J^* 
I^T ^1 gaJ .5jUp iLi ^ JU*I frL^I j^J <^j ^J <-Jjy^ »/y 

j 01 r -W^ ^ w* ^^ ^^ '*& ^ ^ tjyuiJI ^ 
^U* *i o>^. ^J "V 5 ^ *^ £r^ tJj -^' ^ U ^ 

JJj J UUai Jbd^l iU. N il *Ui» *»* jj*3 4 ^r^ ^ 0, >>!> 
.^T'OI^ ^ 4ij^ J, ifly ^ ^Jj .lJ J J* ^ ^ 
Ol£~5l ^ .jTsUI ^r^- yj <**^ lt~°- ^ J^ 1 ^ 4 

^ i v > ^Nl oU Jyi* ^J* OIT 01^ c c l^l aJ tyyj c^li iUi 
^\i > ^li <OL->JI ^ ^ ciil^l J*gUl.j cr* yU ~^ i>* ^ 

^*ai o*j ijisji j-^iJi 

J«jJI jsiT yy 10/ oljU* Jl iljjir i-*L«P ^ JJ-I li* J^c 

t^l Ol^l* (^1 j^ j^l U^y ftl/»waJI v!/^ ^ ?: ' V ^r^ •^- i ^b J*^h 

ju-sji ^^ak^ ^ ^LpI ji-i oi^- j^5 -%^ ^^ «V~»i rr^ 



J^l OjUilj t ^>jUlj .iiJUJJ-l olSLiJI ^ dJJi Ji ty (30) 



266 



#(na JI g-l^-l t* ^1 &jt)fc J«W oJi^l uyJii tJWJI SUjj oL-^l ^ 

-jy*^ iji C^ 1 *^5* 15*— <y 

4,111 Ji« ^yi J^iJI 

< 31) Jh).h ^ 

UJ» Ojijj Nj t^^ 1 C>yjij tjju-tJl j^ 4~*T U* OjZ£ CojiS Jj^- 4f>- 

4i»JlII o-U OlSL* IJU>- 0^4 ^r[ -u**2r pr$y& jhrb <j"°kj ^J? J^ - 
.1*7 l^ Wji^ gjoJl ^Jb-jll v 1 -^ 1 ^ 5 V <> b^ 1 *- ^ 'Jb^ 1 
.ijUj j^ *^li« ^^ tii~o~ 4l»U* *j>jUIp ,_/Lw K^L» l ^ ir » ^j OK" Uo^j 
*>U1 Jb-I ijl JjLl IJU ja ;5JjUjl «JU j^ ^li iy* tUU tJL*~. ft cJlS} 
A&- a3^ tl;\p-\ (t-^X? '1^ Mc*l (•"*=[*! J^~* *Ju^iil O^ .Ai u£j^ll 

ijIJ-l) <C-jj!lj t^*-iJl ^l^iJ frj^wail vl^b d^- 1 Ji^ f (j - ^ J^ *sty "^ 
O^to N, cUUz> Uj/ ^1 & N> ddLc V .jl^j jap ^ JJ-l ^ Uj 

&** ^ V^ -(n^ ,J ^* Oito 1 tlx*p jl %^j by; <a -U tiJUU 

^^Jy j' oiy» : J^ 1 J ^ (31) 
267 



^ Jl vj - ^ ^* £• oVjU^c ^15 j^ l^-i l^ ^^SJ t^-sl pl^M jvn-s^U 

5t«j ^jA i^Pj './iA* AjL*— ^ ry JS\ /t-f^J jV* i<— >j\£- <-3 if I A*--^ Jjjjx; 

-Ail -^^i i-v c^' ^u jS'Lw jl>-j; Nj -o*^" r^" ^ r^ '^M 

.^li a£LI j^-NIj ^Ul ^1 ^p jtfl 0>A^J± coljlill ^ Vjl b\U 

(32) 3y M ^ 

OljJUl ^ bAp (U-ioj td^-Jl (^ail J fi" ',j"l* i£JLC ^Ul ^>-l IJL* 

,j«iWl JL>- *^ (34)^iUtj c - 1> jc Jl l^^i ^r 0* l»*"i» «^»^ 

j»— i jj^ ,<4 iJyJ( 35 )>«l Jjl o[ U^[ j^jlt* Jj*. .*JL>-UJI LJU ajSUM 
\^a J»c»- <u|j C 36 )^^ kiiL. Jjl 4ii J*i ^ cA«il 5,iP ^-li SSXf ^lil 
jjJJI t4*^ jyiiUdJ jjjj^Ll ja ^j> 5ftW Jl UUapl ^^t Uu> J WJ 
iiaJL-j ii^l !^*j^j '1;^ ^^ t>* ^shj ljM* *h^* >^g*M kiAii Jl^» 1^— *l 
jK»Njt (^JUI t|J -li dill Ij**** (j&sAlj jl JJi Jb> I^JU ^1 Ub- .S.U/UI 
.tl)L~dj tSjA JL> jcJsVl ^P LJb l^ili 0U>*-i f.">Lj (^M <.\jS U\^a\ 
j^-Ja*j J\5 0[_j ij>xJ\ Jl ^U»l -^ ^ tJL4-* Oy ^b W^ ^i^l 8 «i*j 
J-^r CJIT ^l>l Olj cjlpjl (cOSI JT jUj^l ^Ip cj Jaii 0^ Ja^l 01 
*.* <*jlj> w^>- J (^aj tSjUj lp^-o jtvliNl IJLa JL>- *^- .Ijl; iiJ-* ^gto- 

■ t^j d)JL* 5Jp iiU*j . jl^JL? iil^i 

.(,^-ji.) «oj J S'» *-io U J-^\ 4 .-^ (32) 
(?) j-)UI iiL «j^l» jy-l.j*' (33) 

•(r^) >f'M} ^\-i cfV 1 1) j*j *r*9» '■ J-*^ 1 <^ < 34 > 

ji-\x* y- (35) 

•a-^ 1 J* ( 36 > 



268 



Mil JUj ^UJI J^uJI 

J*** .i; jf ciu^ j* j*- jpf $ ^uai «;iiVi ub ii^ o> 
s^j 013U, ji oyu jr ^ ^j t^iiii^ £*iUb ^ ^1 5^ i,. 

i** L>j ti^i a&j, t^ 5^1, c^fU* Uj^ o/" 03LL. 01 dUi .iU-li 
.1)1" iiXi Jl iUuT A-pdl ^,1^- sjLLy <0l~JL- i£L: Jl 
^JA 1 ^ Wv I OS} cUlk^ ox. ^1 ja f_ juj! ^ c^y cJfeT 
SJ^yr j^aij Xr-U, sop l^ oKJ .U^y oljliil sJla ^f £* ^ 

jy 01 iu i^*r oj^- i^& ti^A jjJi ijj^. ^aj .o^ai jtj-i 

JiJi\ l\Jl\ ty jZ £U«, ^_, ^ 40U J; VJ/ , ^, ^j 

JUM ^.yjl Lf. f tit .^ ^^1 V |^VI Jp l^^g l^u^i j^j 
J o-dll J^j <*ll^l l^bi 01 ^ li^ sliU, 0L->JI ^ U^ 

cs u >j !& WJ !*** aiO «& cjj ^ir iui"c—j v& : ^1 



4JULI o~ ^lill J^iJi 



ji« iui o^ip jouji ^ ^^ < CJLtt ^ ^ ^ -^ ^ 4dJLJ . 

J* bj^J V>« ^ l^i Uxp o^Ldl V _^JI ^ t Wi; iLi ^ 

jj ^ o*>u~ u*j ^> ok" if .1^ oisUi ji i^u t^Uwji 

^ 01 ^ c>l 0&, Jl i^oli ^ip ^| ^ ^l^ ^ ^ 



•V- jfJ J> jr >-» (37) 
269 



SSUlJiw £»\A\ J**»N 

.4ABt ^rui j jj^ji ^ fr i^i ^ i^^-j t^ jr jp j^i^ ti^ 

C<j£/>-l 0;UjJ Oj^L N Ol^Ljl OU IJJj .0[)Uil oJL* ij \j^ U\j>£ l^jjjj 

Ai J_p ^1 AijJdl Jbr-jj ^ 3} tjvtlk* j *~>\j&)}\ ~f\*- *->>• ^>=J 
.^-jl^xil W_A? tAl/^b iLr*^ »Ua*-» 0^2*- £J^.\a,s*\ *)}[ ^* Uj tc-"*" 

.Sfttf' ^1 c^ cUy ajiii jyo,^ u£*% 

LiUajji^* l^*>^- L«JUP ^jf* ^J fSyi\ Jb-1 l^*— *1 iw^>-l aW jj A-LU 

\ ,^1 t| ipSli J (^a^ljf OlO\ dlLc .jSIjiJ-|j Oy'W^ ,>« ^y ^^ 
-^ • -o-a." JjJIovjj c<u**JI (J ^g-il 5^jJj lJ&j L* j} rtrfJLJl /j^ Oa^-ykix^j 

^jijl 1(40)^151 ^iuo Ji 4&;U ttJUfc ^J> _ UL.I If _ ,j-l> 4^Xf jcJU! 

•O^-^ 1 -r">i 1>f Ui) O^U jjl (39) 
■(r^-r*) ^JJ ^- " ^W 1 ■** ^ -r-!^ 1 lHj ('J 5 ') •u'W'jj ^ (40) 



270 



(_£Jl»-I £jjl C-^-v*l ot Ji Jb\k* OX V^) t*ty->- 0}^ oJLlI oIa IjOji 
ji 4ikdl ^-»yi jljl tjj^. -4 J^ 0>-"lkjJl J?- lij .ojLJ.1 LSj^I Ojl* 
iJl-o Jjaij apUwo ., fl...ail ^ jj**l-i <NJ* ,j^J jlSwJI l^* [j-tr^J ^Ji'*' 

o->- ij-v Jp !a*' i/hj "H^' ^^ ^* p-*** t/y*^ ^-^ ( 41 )*A-ijtf 

al^ iaia>-li ilpUtJl *jUaj JlS" (_^JL)I tJU*-! oi 4aL>-j -u^ i ^ s ' Jfe 

oij .4jUj jU>~i ^1 ,v Lsiajl OK' i£JA\ -X*A <ujI <ul>-j iajIj? JI 5,1**^1 

Jp JJall (j-lWl J*?- jJb^w. j jJL* SOP Jp 5^JI ^ ol oL>- j ( ^J 
\JA IfCp .aJjJJI ialja^-l JLP ^U^-l ,y -i-^ Iplp J-J^ *** <^ '^.Vv 
^ i^U-jI <o ,l«Ui j^ I* J.^aJi 5^-S' SjU- Ip: flSlj tOL* o-bu jj>-jI 
Jtfj .j-Xo iiJI* <w-4b <Ol£v» JS* J OLST^I o^JLj OjL-i t5-U-L~«j iit'^lt 

(42)^1^ ^j ^JL. Jjl ^£j tablp, ^^j ^ ^_J[Jaj Ijl" Jp Jjl-o jl *\j\ 
OlSj tjl^llj OlSL« Jl jt>\laj IfJJ iyu^i\ }\j\ ItJcPj ljjJb.5 ^?l»*J dJUij *ip 

^•^ <dLp IpLfil ^ ij^Wl j^ U~i (jL-co ^O 2 * n-3VI ^- ,1p j^j ^jJip 

AjUfcs^l i*5^i tSjlstfUJI oJlA (U^ ,«k"'."j i 4jl AfirjZ ^l oJLio vlAl) >>^' 
*5yS Jp Jjjj U jJjJ J*l j^ji* Ja»j <<JjUall ^j Ua*j j^^oaj i^Jij jj^lj 
i*ub« ^ dUi *i»clC 1j .jj^aJI oJLA jsP l^ry-Jj jl jjai^- -^ OjJ t-i^l 
olilJlill SU, ^ iSL~J-j (43)5jcjiJl JjbJI oU, ^ Ajli*5\j ^^-li t<sL>- 
lij .jU^j i L« iujjd.1 iipf ^JlP jJp jw«^ tojii>- oj^>- l^«JLii 4ilJL*^M 
ybUaJ : iJUJl aJLJ-I J,| U- jJiiJI \X r IS i^jll. Jp j^IS ji> aJ| ju^ ^Ij 

<J JjVl 01 4sA JJ» : vW-l iL»|^i Jp aJJ*!^ lr^ *JlT ^Ull ^.1 01 
ja di3i 0} "^jI5 *ip ^i t^uJbf jjp i*jLi« JjUi 01 Oj^ JLa-o 01 t ^*-^''V[} 
tj»jcj dJULll w_jU-I Llj t*J^ Oa ^j^ Jl li| diiil 'up ^a*^ Jjhj 4<olj 
0^1 ftbb dJJi 0S"jj 01 ai« <* r !k c-u'fjy: i-i^l Ua*j «J[ l y*ox-*> 4Jbj 
01 f- _y»JUL» Obi,jyw «^j «*J Jl*j ^JU-j Oy i/j' -Aj^upj .ofiL~** jib\ fl»l 
J,l 4ii]jj 4jaJs»Nj -uJlpj jiUl -ui^li : *JI C L-I (^JJI y> «c«UI JiC ,_y 

■/■Oitfyj* < 41 ) 

(1JT) j^-iJI ^N r jl JL~ (42) 
.300 Jo. 800 Oljjll Jt* (43) 



271 



J} iU- £ 11>Aaj ja 4*fJj 4j iJJ$\ Jjc>.j tJUjst ^JjL <UXul r- jj C~p- t5-Ljjdl 

t\y\ ^J\j £jUI viiJi Ji*j .U*-> jji^j *~~£ iJbk ^ SJUJI ,^-li 
^\£ jX>s s\j*\ £yj\ tli^iJl ilji 1*151 JLuiiiUi *-.j .( 4 4)*yil ,,.«!, jJlp 

iflll jl«u jip cpU-l J^iJI 
j* «*s^ t>* dH-r^ ****£> 'j^ 1>* r^ t/Ny 'u^ Cr* ^/ y* 

cAjljj ^ il)U»*-i fj» (jiaSj t^-**- ti^*K* J^>- ^ jjo^-^iy CiJIj^' 5)li« 
Lf^l 4JjSL~« jb t3*yi !*->■ ^ (Ji^j U IjlJ jj .^U idU* lysis' |^;l>- 
y^-\j SJlJtJJ JL>-L-i.lj i/'jl'-ul Ijlp-L* tOy* (V* ?^* i> " Jj^* 4 C^J- - ^-'•' "J 

Ojj tA-VJI Jfr (*-*ji.L—j Ol Jp 0>*y <^j* ^j^i* tL)l£-JI <y fty (*^ OK" 
. ajjJlII oJla j <^5' "ajJ- IV^j jL^JLJj c^li jU 1 ^l**! -(»-nJ^ [y*A> 
j^AJ Jyij uLmj* (Jp '5;j^ JW^b J>f-J^ OlSw< 2^- ?t«i5L >j)J ^*j 

,jj -ay^l ^^ tsij^l DISC — SI Ja*^ -(j-jl^ *J^ (j-l* ,*-«W- jy jjSi 
t JUJ-i j^ S^Ji^tdl Oj-*3l oU? l5 a«J u«L-j oJLp l^ AkjiM e^waJI Ajijbfl 
(^^i JV!- 1 jy^ J 9^ Uj/ Lpi d\ If .^li jU ^ Jj*-I b 1 ^ ^J 

.jb 904/1490 ^ ciJJi JK" (44) 
.1563 i- (45) 

.(^ji.) <oi«;» js-Sri 4 tSj\ sjLjj c u)i ^ J^i g c^r (46) 

.^loill 3jUVl l^—l (47 ) 



272 



01 u*y .(48,^1 _^ \£ <L^ iJi i^ ^iy . > «L> J* i^ru, 

^ ^ ub \p o> ^jr c^bT o- <&i\ u* ^ ^ -y, jjl ^ 

01 j^Cj cU-^j £bi ujaj i.Oi jb Uaic* a) IplJaJI ^li JUL. *U jtf 

OIT jiJi J^f ^ .1^1 ^^ ^ -^ 5jLiJ ^jy^jy ^ ^. 
ij^lallj e^JI ^~i tJ-*« ^ J*~i ^1 L^i O^oii ^ ^ 4^JU 

ijA» Jpj cOUJ; Jl ^li ^ ^i ^i ^i j ^.^ ^ ^ 

fc- J^ Wl ^1* jfrVJI V^» -^ V^ (fjJI) uA^Jjl l^ ^ 
>3l |)lJ Jj -u-li ^> J ^ib & 4& l*L* of >M j, aJI Jl iil^l 

M ^ l*o^ i^ £Uj (,^-iyi) o^ bl (^juli) ju^ uu^i 

•jjjiJ* *-»*l C-^- L^P 

aJIp jl^.1 I,. V_, 4i _i aU-^ ^ XI p-tf bf»* «*U 

J CTJ <ui^l ^ cs^jt \-.'M .jjL* U*t ^ tfOJI ^l ^Jl&l 

'^> > ^ ^ » 3jl& l« — T dUi jj ^ .Ujl^ ji ju_| y 
jl^i'b/L 5^ oj^i jp ^^ ^ ^, ^ j^ ^ ^ 

^J1 gaJ U*j ^^ ^f L^ J^| ^g, yUj >(ij ^ ^ ^ c ^, 
•o-li dii. <(5<W ^ %i J j>^ CJIS} .Li ^ui j^i ^ ^ 

■((^r*) ^M J-UJrJl JL^t XaL (50) 
273 



U^p { if+i**; ^_, oiOl ^d^l^l ijJi\ IJLa Sy-1 jb^S/ *uU 
l«J— j Jj .^sJI J| cJ^ t>J j|j gu,) ^^ ^ l/juo*. ^ 
obU% .^Ul ic^i - 6J ^ ix^ ^ ^ tftU j^ ^ ^ , 

•* * .*■ o * 

c^ji>- jji (^i ^ ^.J ^ ^^p 5JL^- jj^-l Ob t( 51 )a^T oJL. 

'V: ^JLr^ ^ »0-j>JL; Oy^kU Oywj Lib ^j .jL-iJ! al4l J 7«— ]/ 

J*£ .^% lil. aJIp o^T Ollp JiPjJil > jTUNl j, .iJu/A 
Ov^'j fciWIj t^jk jStti ^J o^UJI A*-jJlJI J fcjJlU aJLft ^-j-Jja* 

ju^j uy*^b V^b ^ **^ o&b *^^ **-j^ 4 W^j <^ 

jlA\ ja A^-ji ^ 0l£-JI j^J cicjfi jly-U Ais** ^»j .UjP iLJj 

•(f^P) •p'-' : jy -i* ^ (51) 

.(f+jq oni ^ t tyi j»j .jjyi -. oijjJ 1 >»» (52) 

.(f*-j») %> 72 yi . 0^1 J^ aul|j .Uw> 24 J-% to>^wJ la* J«! (53) 



274 



\£\ J Uipi SyUil oLWl & ^li Jl v^ 1 cH; (n^j* <^r-£> frl 
jUgJil, uyUw ja ijy ojS Ji\^ iSyM\ jSXNl £ 0^ <o^ 
M tb'b *)La ~J N j& cOk&lj c^uiiij cjyciij iU-U> ^jlj cDyojJi 

.4} ^UJ N i%J» 

0*T 4il Sjlftl jyjjll J^L .Lo^j Jl jyL^ ^ ipjll j^l Jp Cji iCj| 
f^/f -^ *l~ y ^Vj tOlijifl Ja*> J j^l aj £^£ j£ x** *JUa 

ji Lyp Ojte, joiuii o^k. isabdi 0^1 j^-a*. oi JUy cjJUi 

01 *Ldl Jp ^ £ ^ ^j^. j^ .^ Jl ^ JT ^ c c L^JI 
fi: aft o*HI JUI&I #> 0Q <^ ^ <i U ^jjjl ^ tfoib+i 
v_Jp Jp L-lj oAll oOA l^o X^ (S4) fr UU ^£) .JbJil i.juL OjiJ 
J CJlT 4iU- Nl ^ ^ .Vl^-. Jp 1^-1, .LUa^ Jl ^i ^Oj 

Itu ^ c^ux~, 5^r ij£. oSfl OJSCy __ JLL l^^ _ juil V L 
.fL^II j* pjl ^^j, c^U^ll J cg^-l Jjla^t- UyJb JLi JjIj^ 

Usui aw jjup ^olji j-^isi 

Jj^l J^ l^»w>lj j^r^j -^Js^ °*Ap Vs2*«j ci^kill jL>^i jl -^ <01p Ja-L-j 
aJL«JU jS AJ& tLj'Uajjij^ J \jf$" j^iil C(^JL^il ^*— o J-4-I l-i* ,^* 
ylA* ?;W -k^ 1 ^ JUP l?/>-I (cJ\5l 3-\Pj vJSNl IJUh (Jp J_ji*-I a*j .4jJU^I 

o^ t/^ o^ -ui^iA 1 -ty- Ji °^*i (*^^ o^u^i Jy_j 4I1U3 aLj ^ 

L^- \-j>-j ioyg- SiiJill oJUb Jl>-l Jl Jaj j\S*-JI w-l ciJ^i vtJLL* ttju-jj 
iijL. Jb-I U f L MpI £ .iuk* 3 dUr \Jai i£«U-l ify* 4^" j^ ( 55 )1«\j" 



.^ 515/1.113 a- (55) 



275 



0^j))I ^i j^ 5^^. uyL-J j^Aj ct^jijlj OU^JI^ ji*-iJl Lfi* «^r 5 ** ;: -*i* 

.pjL O^U- ^ ^JJI ^li *J^JU <J»Js 

J f.aill ^ vUS} .bJLy Jl ^U ^ JwjLI j^Wl oyUI dJJij c-^l 

^ OU*J*b lyubj U^rf- v^ 1 O^ 5 'UiiV^ 1 h^ Vr-.» ls^ 1 ^ 

cOl£—J\ aLUJI o^iM Jjlill Ja*i \JSj ilCJi jf- l^M iJLju ^ JUfcUo 
^ ^ Slij jJJ Jp cijll ,_/a~ hfJUU OjJb i*Aji\ c^-v»l L«-Uj 4j*^ dJji 

SJlP jf$\ ^gJLJf ^ Jbr^jj .iU-15 Jo\^ jy^fi ^lj* ^* iJM' Wi tjL«-iJI 

•oi^ 1 j>-> ',> Cf o^' -M 1 -»-^ y j» (56; 
.jJ-l a* _^ (57) 



276 



Ujb?-I jl JUy tiijjULI uJu AjUj 5Li ^ ^l- 1 ^' ajj^* r^^- ^J .aju-JI 
v^U- ^ ljJL>o ^V tli^p Olf liJJi ^£j tijjd -^ _JJ ajLJ- Uy-*a>- 

ol s 5^i tJij^JI lfb>-l ^ i*x*> UJ l^c^-l (^JiJI ^li ilU ^ ooil oJL* 

.(60)jg.i ^vi fy* j izyrj. jij; u oi> i^i r iii, 

W^L— j JLsM 

<61) Ji) ^r p-* - ^ ^-s*" '^j 5 -^ "5^ j^- <*^*" o" 4l~JL. ^yb 

i^- J *u^" . kr \£l\ J*- a^- ^ ^-li £&\ ^iUj dp* ^-^ c^JUt 

'a -1 * £^1 a* u° b J*- V*"* ^ 'J^ ^ «j* ^" ^ v>H 
J^- ^U*, (62)5^UL>^ ^| ^^j. ^j^ .i^Uft^ ^ j^ j^ 

c-j/JI Jl J^l j* l^i 0jj*^jj 4*^ U^9 01 c~£ tfl^o^Jj OLJol 

iyS* I^IT ^Al*- cL,l lijl L^ jjr jr t( ^| ^ ^ ^ ^U* ^ 

^ jl ^-i^- ^ 4>^t. l^L^* n£j SAP iiLftj .j^l^i (i d[ (S*y 
£r* C^ 1 (^ (^ ^^ 1 u^ 'tJ^ 5 ^ i^i— j u^rb u^\>. "^ ^t" 



■wi ^> (59) 
. .Vbl -lp ^>-i ^yl (60) 

.ip c >. ^ ju-i a* H ^ ju.1 ^, ^ ^ ^ JjS; jf ^ ^ ^ (6i) 

.bJ_.y jcJil (62) 
277 



<u-UJj>wij ^li tj Ojj>*Xy to^»wail A-iLLl -ft *^£ dyjij • ( U> | jI jW* 5 *- 

^ ' * * * 

Oj*Jiy .^ OjXxaj Ji »^ t^jU^I Jj v]/^' ^"Iri (^ ^* Sfc^' 
•frljy- J^-V ^ I>*a^J p-*jj>/* t5-0 ^ Oy^ir^ t^UjaSj p-fr*^ L'Lr^i 
■~>\J~\j OjilL ca53*1I j oU-l dy^i ^j OjJJaj ^ d~£ aUi Ji"^P -^Aj 

jl^r O^b ^ ^ J^3 CjyJ Jl^ JT ^ £-I^M ^ tfajJ Jlrl-i oit: _/ ^1 
oJa ^ C^ 3 ),^! 0} -w-ijyili ,j\*->U- JJi ( j^j i^» \y*~*?\ jt-^l jlj tt-r-f 5 
jUI l^i jaUj cJ^3 L*j cl^ dyJcxi U !>Ui (n ^J ^UaiM |^-L« Ot£o (JU4-\ 

(65)^1^ ^j 

t/'j/" t>* rl^ ^ ^jA^S 'jiH *J^< '^JLfrM ■ A i-*<-' J*^ Jr^" 
J*~*a *J> ^-Ji idJJJJ oIjjI Jp ij^ait J-^ ^ ^r^ 5 " ^-^ J^ tjL^^ 
Jajj^ Oj^Jbc .* ta i)j)i S^Ji o J^-jj L. jJuij ^M 0l£* J 0j*-4i ^ tjIS 
l^ jJLj t|J -Ui lrj^-j NUu gas jfrl Jp JjH Oj^Jj tJiMlj j>*^ii o^-T 

t,j-li JJLL« Jl AjA» (4p JT i^aij 01 ^^j M j^J OUL <i Oyi-»« jusU 

^^^ 15*^1 Ji~l OjU*i-o V .\jijy Ll^l Jy^af p^ Jjj>-o . JiUI 
JJU 0^iw*i Jj f.\^H Vj j^»A* 3U»» N .lrj^l€ (^fU- 01 jJj i^^ Sjy-j 

^^ oap (6 

.1,1, ^jl iJi ^ ( 6. 

.oL-^L. : J^ll j c~^ (6 

278 



< 66 )2 



tjjUJl ^ liil _ysj c4*jjI -U^Pj 7^j \f^ y^ Jrr' '"**!- Of 9 
#b\ ^y^- t-jU-1 iJi* j^« JW ,J1 oL~>-$l iUiii* .--yJi i^ j* *>-b 
*^SJ (\JS ) jljj^ ^jj iLi jj-ij ^ jij> l^x«<i to^Pj i*«cs<9 i^UI .L%~«lJ 
tSu ysl ^li cdJUi Jp sj*>j . JUJlj J/-I ^ a~S pifyAl ji- j&\ 
oyjl 4iiM a^ 0>u-j4 tftUii |r^>- <lN cOJlil ^j-LJ Jt« (j-o"!^ tiyXji 
ol* 0^4 .%^»\ A*-Ja* *jL t*l— J Aj;Uil ON tiw-i^Jl r*-"^. d^jc^jj 

< 67 )A^jJJ kiJu* Jerji vi^- cOUj*II iil^ 

jji> ^j lp* Jbrjj Lt ij& iOIj/JI yT ax" I ,->j ^JJI t^LM IJLa 

<J[ .jy 151* J-^- ^ t^^i Cji-Ssil U ~U£1\ OU>JL« ^ yhj tA-» ,Jjjj t^l 

CjS-JU M^J jjP ifljl a!*£ cf-LwJb itJU Ju^aP oL»Uj y~&A IJ^- JALi 

.Ljl«^ S\^f^ C^ ^J^ ?&^ a>*sM Jp OK' j[) t^liiJI Lai tj av>U- 
aJ[ jy^»-j SlPjJI ^^j cpiilLi S;lil .Jaii o^' SyL aJU 5, £j UU-I aJ il^ 

a> ^-J/J^ cf-LJI ja Lib aJ ^-I^Nl v_^ Ail jJj coLUJI^ eLil Sij^ 

.^jlii\ tf liy- jc^i ^ JJ 

< £ *■* :* (J&J <.y?* jf c3 >>-.<, <3J Jw-o 'js"-^ 3 jr V"* £4*i 0^ ^^J 

^1 IJU ,^>«J ,y!JLi)l SijUNl t_i^ qa oJL-i a* (es)^^;^^ o^l. 

•(rr^-) *~JU*w jj/l ^ >_^r (66) 

.ijU; : jjs/l j (67) 

•«li> ^ (68) 

279 



i*ti Ji. oJdi oJm. cJ6 -r^-\ J^ (^ <Sj*- bf~* J J, - b " j^J 
SjliS/l t$-~,l (70)^.1 oJL* UjI ilUj .Iplp jVl JL-s ,j*li cLil* 

Oywaiiij jyt-ijl L^» 0yrj>C-~J 'lS^I^' t/ 3 ^ ^Ji^= i>^' ^"^ 



JUL. 



V^ 0^, tl^ UJjl^ yJI t^l jStSfl Ji. j^SCJI ^ Is* ^-tt ^Ipj gj 
^ Oj^c toUi» 5-kp jd\ Jj .^£»^ aaL*- JpUv. pr.^Ay JV-J-L 
>*-*JI J O>*o* *y~i 0151. jj^Sll J^ajl J Jbr-jjj .c^l Ji UIJb~i 

•Juj^dl IJjh J ^ tij;U- I^aL* jM lf^ to^» <£>-l j5 L.I J[ ^^ai" 

^ilto- j>. pJL^- r yi JI* N J,LuU ^ I^T l^ 01 Ji tf Uftll, 
t^iJI Ol^il Ji ftlJ^Vl Qjn.Ji7.-j Vj ^ ^t ii^s- Oji/c !^i c^j-Jjl 
II* J j^JI jp O^UI <^> •*»-! J^ <J*~i o*Ji ^ Ji*J ■**■ l^-- 5 
dU; ^ Ijl*-^ (_i^U» colSC Ji ol£« ^ j$£ v^b >^^*^ -^j *«— -*sJ' 

\j»J>\ jV*-*^* 'V L*iJjl C~«->j CJ^ 1^1 ^rf^! 'Ar^^! 15**"^ 15*^ ^^IjJ-l 
U._j t l^>- *Ji JUp iijiS' AjIp J 2UJIS o/>«-^ J-i Ji C~U«3j J&- Sjia^- S^ia^ 
JS^JI *)b«l f j>- tl^i ^wiiJI JU<aJ Oj^iiT lp$l fjt- tA^iili oJLA C-i-i^l 
ijii aJU JJ-i iJlA JJ - dJJi J^-l ,yy t»iyi»- ^dl JibM oJli j^ t*Hlj 



^ (69) 
■0-^) JA)>" ^* (70) 

280 



jl^il j^ ollp l^ Ja_£ i^^j J^. j^l ^JQsM JL>- jy Juc 

j^a*; ^^w .i3j-iJl 5ilA>. S^S" ^Jljj ^ *)Li iJi-lil u ~~>-j f-LJI j^ 
pJS'l ^£j tOLy jl ci^s- J^- Iry^! Oj^lj tjl^l J^- jjTL^I *A* 

*4* V: ^ ! J*^ 1 £r* 'oy-* J*fj \^} J^ iujl J> Jp Vj^ 1 
J^JI oj^j ip^xillj «w4J-l ^-li ioJ> L^. ij£p iijT ^u^, CjIUu 

.^li ^ > JU» vJbLl Mjo. ^ N 4*1.0.^ j*Li JJ-1 UU 
t^ y Jp ilkll JU-I b^j d> jj/^ J^ tU^ ^SOJL. Jjsj. S J^_ 
'V>J| Ji J^JI o^ U-> ^p- i^l JJ-I IJU J> ,^-li J^- VU*j 
jU*~il ^X. jl^Ly t J^lH ^1 ^ Oj-p sop Jbr^j .3-^ <wp^j 
^ j^i jjSl 015LJI <j ^ clA^ jbr J^JI .q£]\ 3 jjUbLj, to^l 
^y tL-jajj OU&I, ^Ij ^1 ^UT^ «^->i-y t *laiJI J^ai 

.>l> 0|^» : J*&l g (72) 
281 



.^U^- ,-JL^« Ja*> *^j tj^M ^rf jlx*JJj .o\pL« *^>l jl kt>5tt cJ^k 
.|jt o\JbJQ._, ^U dill Oyw»U ^ .luls^l JiUI 

c~s v^>- ^Ijl JJ-I olp- Jf ^ Jia: .Ojjbr :y>- ^j tOJdl iiwP 

^ l^\S" *jJ*j \f~S\j op^li (_il«tU* (tL*Ji <U* <uaj *^--^ 4^ycJl^ 4*^1 AjIp 

J.UJ j^l^ ^^i olT (^JJI ^-U dill 0^w»U ("VjJI *N> <j4 ^. 
^ (Jj^-j) jUi* i_iil ^ip i~>>- a^. ^JJaS cJ£ ^1 2Lc-LSii ouil ^ai 

jUl IJUL jit, jf (74)JbM .Jy^jJI ij,f .J^l JJUJ £\, ^ j^rss ^ cjdf 

Ij^jj jt o^jW 1 ^ly J* ^-^J y^-^ frU**" 0^ < 75) **J«p ^j*i 
U*- Ol :; *^r* C^r^ uiir* 1 - " v# _F*" vr Jr^ 1 '^* a* Sj*^- A 

jj-i 5j^^ ^Ai ii^]i Ji i^^-j i^ yu* jj^l ^b' ^1» '^^^» 
Jp JU)j ^Jp ^ j^Jl t) yki-i aUI ^13 jLr( tl)t 5^-4 jiJl oij . ^Ui 
ci^liP ^Li^ JU-U y-iJ jjAJI U ^1 Jj (76)^i tfU«>-j uii» 

(liT) O^lr^JI OjAjll (73) 

.1960 f \p (75) 
.(^rj>) Wj» 150 (361 ^) «» JyLil jW ^r-^ 1 J» t 1 *^ 1 ^ 'f 8 ^ J ^ U ot ^ < 76 > 

282 



<U5y*j O^tJi aJLA i£J&-\ (\j» At^-iJ 'jV^' w/*** OjSo Sft.S' Oj-P «LJj CaJU- 

.L^Li UUaj^yt (J ^ jS\ y+* >ujj 0*-*J' d-i* /y»j ./rtJ a«j l^u L^i^y 
ijlo ^ VjVsj 0^*Jb N /t-rli iUJJ .j^U) *-UJ Oj^bf I* JT li^-l^ j^ 

^1 Jl 0l£* j^ Ojl*-^ cjl^-S-^i J'Jj^. «U»** (o-^ j^ rj^" ^ O^J 

jjjbLlj >jjti\j iy-Nlj *J* J~U 1.U .j^LSl jSTI S,!^- ijst-jl gjjU^I 
i r 3ijjd\ (Le-\ O^L^cj Dj-JlJb ^5 *aj t^li cUULi. j^uU OlSwJl^ ti-io-jll 

liiLi ^-w «U* £«J i^JJI J***"' Oja— ■> j ^*JI Ol*!^ k j i * J . *^-ilj -J>vaj 

.OAnil ^jJij ijA s L-iii jjU-^/^ Jsl/Nlj oL£JU-jj iSjJuJb- aJLp- Nl Ojst-j^j 
£■ j?-l aJ j\>jj 'fjlA^lj J?**-^ Oi^^ ^* *fe^' uyl-*j Jrf-' l«i* 7**-* jj 

^ flaws' j«aA l\Uk» £\fi"\ jp. ijLe- *J>j\^j talb- i\f Oj/r-i »(^*^ 

. (f ^,) jj^Jt jl^i (360 .j*) Oljjll J» (77) 



283 



« * t 

oJj»»ji .lj_j^r Uw^i ^JLp ol^j ojJJ ^ JL*j if*--)/ i-*^ 4-^cj Uwy 
r-jW^ Sj*-X* jLi-l aJL* i*i OjSjj tiPjU ^J jLsf b^Pj ij^.* JW 5 ^ ^•r*' 
•T^PjMaJ ^^x! t-^fyj^-. OjJai^ ^i)^ *L£I fjS A/.jaij OK' -iuJl J^t* 

lyK' ^^ \fij& pr'&r" <J ^ ty^ l L rJ^ -k-"J *-*^ <3 Sfc**-' 9 

a 

( >* »li£ i '1^*^ Jt** - * 1 *^ CjIxaz—AIj <sJU «oUj fc»*o^ (3*^ i^r^ 

<sJU iL«^ Oy^-*y ^y^3 C^' a* V*^" f 'i^b ^y^ 4^-U» ^l;! 

S.....J D\SCl\ ^L. ^ a^SOi JLilii U (o^bvall i-Alil j^ lu?r bJLP 
L-U OjJ^j tOj^j^ 0«Ja»«£t (»-Aj t5JUj 5JLi -^» jj^j OIS^mJI . Lu*-I »;_j^j 
i — > i\ 4+~j?~ dj&^j •*?:>£ ^* Oy>^j lj~^~ <~% ^y^-^-3 ^Cjh j-^~ l/'W^ 
j^S" JJ-I jN tjL-yiJI ^ JJi iJs- ^ ^ tli— >■ \)i&r Oij&r ^j^ 



.159 j^Uij 358 j> uyi -^UT >l t^j* : *-ii L. J-*fi'l ^ (79) 

tlji (80) 

284 



cJ^.1 Ojjc*j aJISL- Ol» jJJJJ tjrf I l-U ,j^ tji^ >? r>>- ai^ .S,l>J-l 
OywsU 1 - oVl -^bj tUJlSol JS" j^ oyU* u^r* 1 ^^ [jj^ cirUj Jji 

•jA }J& AJj t?«^iJI ^ <*0 AI* £-j>CUmJ . JUjJl A^>- J,} IjU ^ £UM \j 

y y»-\ (r-fr-Uj t^iJI ( _ya t j .ioj^ JS~ ^ ty** (*-*J 4<i-iUJ[j JjM 

v^jfcJJl -yt 1>- oJbu j^o cO\^pU CJ^k^r *-$jL*j . j\JLM ^JL» -*U 
tji^ Cwj^ tyf£ dfjaic* Oy^- JW>M j>1 .oL^aJ-K' a-^mJIj 

.AjlP ,«.^Lwr.*. J -C*-i y M^Ltsrj (Sl^U-l uju^ijl jvfJbjulk-l Jij .o^iJI 

Oi>*^ ~rl>^ '-^ k* - ^y^i) -^V^ *y*- pr^ t^Jj/^l *W? s-UaalNl 
Oja>JL« *>j tlytlp Lx^ l^« Oy^j a-***- ^Jp j^ U j^ij .j^ 1 ,j*-»-l 



.Ijb 



Oblp AJIj bj^b MiJ^I j AJLLjl JM^ ii>Jii lJ J)j ja Lj«- jjh 

i^J-L jj>c*X! t5;lj ^ UjjI -^jb J~U 1J* 0\SL- .jUwNl aJIp Ai-iS" 

j^jjt J > fc i ^ j^l j& i{ jJ-\ Jp J^JJ ^LLaJI ^\ ^ J^UJi 
< jb5JI ^ ylj a-*T ^Jj Olyi Ak-I^ l5 a~J _dl ^Ij^l ,ya*jj 'fj^b 

tAikll ^ j ojp y «^ /Si J-4-1 Iaa .D^-L-J j^Jk- 0[ «i^i 

.(^JUil) 4JJI JLc (81) 

(^ji.) i^U^ J-^S/l ^ (82) 
285 



tf- JbM j£c yt 4aj>- ^li iijU ,^p^ ^j .Ulrf j^\ *&** *s**j 

Aj^jj ^ g*\j i*jf* iJyM Jbc *il p^JL*- 01 jJj iLS^l iljl* £^ o* 

Oj^i. ^li dLia] (lif ) Ojjly jyifj ^-l* liAU ^ y\j aJ j^alp > ^ 
CJL^ 1 O" -^ f 'OUkity £**» ^ ^ «^ ^ 'r^ *j ^ 

ot j5ocj ii^t oy^ dJU^j -Oj-«Ji ^ u*j 'O^jpi jU^b oy^b 
jj^ ouj& oi~* jiJ kJ ^ -^ ^' !r^ ^ ^ °1^ -r* bP^- 

j^c oJl^ f :L"b j^wa^ 01 (84)^.^1 ^Jai-o ^ •_*- cp|j ^ °^- 

^ cjJ** > ^1 jjj tojUl 4,1 aJI O^ji M ^ 'J^-i ^ij^ r-^ 1 
4> ^ tlr ^l ^1 -kr Jp ^f », Vj^ «->^ *** «^i • aikdl 

1^ iuu. j*i\ gi *j»w«Ji ^ m <i^ »^j «*^ JM- 1 «-i* 

(r ^.) i-U J^ : oyi ^ y (83-) 
.(^-Ul) JU^ (84) 



286 



( _ 5 i-j iiy>cU i^-Lall ^[^1 £j* j£ iiU*j .Oj-p oJlp U*>\p1 ^j ti^-Nl 
^«-i -^ jjip Jp S^p . jb>J^ ?w*aJI -jA <Lo 1^* r-jisx^Jj t<jL*«JL 
J^-IjJI ^ gj>du*i .^ywaJ^j S^jSol ^LJilll OUJaS ^ jjiSj 'fi^Nj tiy*J\ 
•&\ji&\j k_^Jj^ Ol^ojj "^-j^'j '£*-*j»JI ^ jpl** *j^j JlrH e *^ -^l jVj 
jLi-l eJUb Jjbl Oli W .iikdl Ol£~J M-j I* Ua>I <u« Xjj tXjj£JU ,<«& 
01 jjP cljVJ JUjJ Nj t^U iijU. Sjbl 4jI Oj^Jj N '*^^ J^ tiyji? ^ 

£ * £ * 

ol^i Jp *JJaj 3 ( _ 5 i>- ^i>-l (j\ ^\ JL*waj 01 OjLL N ^N caV^U-V 
j? \jy jilil Cyjaii t^li iJjU £• *-£>■ J L*^ OjJ^o Oj^l^ly .dULdlj 
3yu (vAJ^p OV tJf^JI J I*~~*- l^i DjJJu>Jj c^JI iSjr Ji^i !# 
iUi is 0} £~£ c JL^-L Jk«)i ^) ipS" *-rjlfr»j ct*L~* ^jJI j*p i-***- 

.^-li J*f ^ jj£jl ^ |^ 

«jJI Oy^* 4 ' J < 85 W^lfJ 4-*^ 4 (*■*** W^ ^^ -T^~ J ■V*- - ^ 

oj^-U tOiJI ^j IgiJLj jUaal J cjLU ^ -Up j^L»p Ujlp -^Jj c 1>-j 
Jl I^J^» dUi *a*j . JUI lyj^j t^Tifttf oJL^- -ja l^bij cajj» SXio *>U 
3*Jrf JA^I Ji * i^j caj^l Ji^lT ^ yjj y Ijl l£,j J^L-I JpI 
(86)^| ^ I^jUjj tL>- ^b U j^Vl IJL* *-. ^jUdl I^LL d\ Ojj cWaS 

iil/Nl ^ ^ti J^yl tM{ ^1^1 ^p ^b^l Jj 11 (87)|ju^ 
cljbj t^li Ayfa & j^p ^. ( 88 ),^-jU SiLi t4-y- Jl>r-j ^ uss*%-Vlj 
yj\ ^y 3 cJJ-1 Jl ^^JL AJWj ^1 ^^ J^y ilT Uj .5,jl^l ^TuSll^ 

^-1^1 cftLdl x* £~*i 01 jl;f Llj .■£+* J; Jl l^lv»j of J| OjUij 

^- cjj^vaJI ^ ij^ Wai 1^^-^ ^»- JT ^ j^jIp l^.dAjl ce^P- 

l/L j^3 ?*yjV i**i-& ^-L^a jjj Jp iJ!;Vl ^T jjp ^ [i l/o^f 



.1490 1^. (85) 

"*** <^V (86) 

.1546 iu. (87) 

ObjL. (88) 



287 



JUL, t(J -ii ^Lr ^L^. JT ^ dUb- .^y^ ai£, (if ^ a*li i^ 



-^yi^i^ji^u 



..aUi -U-.j^V (89) 



288 



^UM v^» 






g^bwJl Jl *SU» ^ t^ULr— Jl vM "-ir 1 !? 5 >H c ( lir ) ^ 
tJSs £jl ^Sfl ^ jJ>o_j lii^A j^\ >J» ^— y .8^ J} J^- ^>- 

Jp jxcj ia^i Uj-^ ^*-o <£JUI ^1 Li^ ^ LhJkl °^ ^ -O^) 
~**J* Jj' «/ uT 11 JjS (1) ^" (^T^ ^ ^ <^ 'J*^ ^ 

^ c-yJI Jl Sj$ <y ^~> tJi-^J ^ l> U J^ ■*# 3 i <**** *W* 
ioj *iU j^ .LJLy Jl Jtfj U~y o^-^ cS^-l j^l *j cfrf ^ 

^■>«; l$i*£ ,JI AjI^ *—l jj^lj dsusAll <ij4tLi\\ UiUajj^ y>j 'j%^"' 
JLijUj cg;Uw»]l Vl^' <^J C^Lfo jeJISNl OJLA CJk" .^jj 4&jC ^ 

Jlill J-^iJI 

4***Ui ^J;! OL-^lT iljJLC Ja-^j .<*L>- 4jJ^ i»U- La jj^/l J^- 

«triji ^ij g^iAb j^^ v^ j^b ^^ c« ^^ ^y ^^ ^JtAju^ 

^j ti'LLi jilijk 0^-*o wj]/^' Ol*?Ji j^ ji^T iJlP *iU*j .SpiT 
«ryJl a^- c5 JW sap A*-y .^1 ^ ^d (2)Jju c _ r ^ J| o^-JL. 

.Vcjj ^\y\ tjU^y. (1) 
.j,**- jijlj toU-L. ^'»jj t^j-^^-jb jVjIj i^g-y 5^)5) «U1 Jlp Jij\ j^» (2) 

291 



.ou^mS r i/u iuT id\*kii\j ^M #r jlu ooaj t *u£fi ^i»vi g^. 

g£\ llr o- 1^ a^j L. j£j cSJyi-l ^$1 ilaJ cS&JlI «JU J SUB OJdl 
bi£~ ^JLr^J '^U' 5ilp jij Jul-*- aLU* OjLUaj .*»,£* aJISL- a-1^pj 
Nl ££& V, Jj^T gJjU^JI V l^l .L^p j| LJLy £ jt U-p J ^1^ 
«!->■ UUy c^jU-^ Ji l^l US' Ojiut-I^ pr^ tOL^JL" «yu Uss- %li 

p-$ASj iWjjj lArrl^j c5,lybj caJ\JJ ^ ^ JU-1 Ol£— .^ j~-*-l 
tS^JaJI LjiU^i JlC. JUP bf tlr ^l ^^Ubwj (^-Uj jH^^- «M*»~i 
tu^~-ll *U* lj^ SjL* pi uu^jj cj^l ic.JiJI oUaJLJ jUUjc-.^ 
J»l aJp p* U jAi jpy»- Nj ^.X-p l^-Jj cjSTl ^ Oj/ro fji 

V>>| j^i J *-^ *u ^ ^ jssi V i-oL yu a>^i ^i 
ytf aJ> ^l 4V> J| j ^ | j^ ^ j^f ^ ^ u j| JUJl; ^ 

dill— II e$ ^Ij ^JUI p^ ijwCJLI ojLusU w.^1 ,>• JbJUJI 
**^ u-£ Jjif Jill ^ ULi gpj, 01 (>U1I) f >_ dUi Jj ^j c<^JI 

^A w.^1 ^^ jj^-ts-i 01 cdJJUil ^1 Jp JiLi^iJ tOUJ; ii> 

t3^- Jl tftbiJI J^»i £ Cijje^n pj& .d\Ai aIT pflM/aM 5JU. JJLr il ^ 
J OjA* ^JJI Oj^Nl ^ 4ft l^oJI ^ y»l -UUsSI^ L-Vji Jl j^rWaB 

u»j jij tj-di, j«d\ y». jyi lX J~\ jl* u ,> — .i^ji jji*. 4 4iii«r _ u jj*,i. js-i (3) 

292 



Ji£. .iUi OJjlp- Jas-t ^ Ub OjyUco i^Nl frlJLiNl w»l^l ja 
ftl^»w? Jy idL~*L" Jl ^li ja 4pjU J^iaJl Jp 5^w» JpI J ^ 

ajLJ- :>:>UI old lJ^ ^ ^^t aj| Oy-jjli Jji .ijail flJL* ^ij il&l 
^ ^3 *-— ajj t^^JJ^I J**- ^ j>k*«^ (6) yr £**-*M <J ./£? .a*»a1I aJUb 

V <oi£~Ji ^ iju 5JL> sjl. UjSjj 4A1 ft( y? jl* y^ j,i^u,i ^\Ji\ 

jcdijj ilxil SjU» ^ JjLJI Ji* njy J^*- J jl^#Vl -o Jsu£ j-^t?- 
^Jb- <il±c OjCl t^lJLiJI aijliVl jj-^U ^ -ol Ojp^jil Jl^jj .OU-JL* 
O^-ij ^IT ^jJiJl jIjJI jlp ^ a3^^> ^ OlSLJb \jl^ !>UI OlT .a^LII «JlA 

.jj^u *V,^ «jil^ -ft$ cUlt jVji p* (4) 
•(f*-J=*) 10 ur*^ 1 'II : 2cl>!jj)I ,^-J-l _.UT >l io/jjj : J*&l ^ (5) 

.yt j* (6) 

•(^.P) » ur*^ 1 '12 : 2 cO^I Cr -»-l ^UT ^1 lu ^ >l cJJ _,! Jj, : J^SlI <j (7) 

293 



y^>" i^J <-*>/>• «-i*-ji ^JA j&*l}\ ^ if.\j>^ai\ ~>\j>\ X> Ajji 7u*\>- a, 

<JL-^L" iyu «& iiAJi .«i I^SLy ilLJI J*** *U- 01 Jl iL^ sx. 
^^ t£l ftbb lj^)L| Vj t4i~o- aJUU»« oxll ftJjb OjUUj *-^-JJl w->l^[j 
&£, OjC- ot ^ jisi V l^ li+U j^J oxM OlSLjl ft VjA f,L»l 

jl ^dl Slja*y coM ^i <-" C-J l^ jUJU :iikli J^J ^^o 

<_r~"lj ,j* SjjxU eX* 0| (V-fr-va*-: JjAj .^Ir^l °XiJ _/ ^ C~s>3l U dUi 
t j~o-y IuaLS. Jbj tOj_>uU j^rJ-L 3LJLI U,^! ^ ^iJJi ^^Jay . OlyJI 

J o-_^*^ki i+u^ t iL*. irAj ^jj cjit .i%ii j*! ji^i ^ Uiv? 

O^^* J v,S-^.0l~^L" ja XvJI ^^ii J^j 'Vy^" 1 e ^l J _/»^ ^ U«— ji 
<Ul£ Ljif iijjdlj .^jj ^J-l ^ISNI J j^, o&l SjU. [>J> jwl^l 
ti^xli JjL-I J i^f ^ ^ OjSo" JjlX^ JL~J ^\ jSlxi-lj u«LJlj 
ji^-l 5X>-jj Ja-£ .aj .^-^ aj^JU ^ J| lp*j t^l-JI yi J~~J ^ L$S/£- 
jJji^VjWL i^u*i JjLijj X»-L-ll W .i*>Ul J*l j\^ ^ SJL^. aJIp 

<— i^/l 4~J- ja iJj^. OX. ^Jijl J CjK" 1^1 j^Ajp^* (^jj <-J^-\j 

toL^J; ^ilL x^> 4jy>- ^LSI jj^ jj ^ ( 8 ) a -li iljL« jl?-\ ^r:>>-j ti*— J 
OL-wJ; ox. ^-j/i J&-I Ulj .(9)^Ui a,u IA&*** JLpI ^ iaJp c^d*V^' 

i^jll J\^ L*JLPj .4i vJl^'l ^ C*S>» l^S/ 5X»-J Jl jJLSL-VI J-y» 

Li^ OK" dJUi 01 ^xi^ t (10)^1 J>j ^K ijxi \ ir S ajl^ j&. 

tOLg^-l oX> J 5^ j>j tOyo)JI jL>»-il j^ iJLP aJoaj ^«l -u^j .-^.UJ- 
iijXil (j2>-[} »-y i ^J j* ^^■ /^ '(j* 1 *! Ji U-^-w-; /t-si jl Xv; ojsaj l.^« Jl^U 



(8) 
•1515 i- C 9) 

t^L. (10) 



294 



5JL— #-j oyijl tUj Jiii -U> L^Ip aij .0L~1" Jl <j?r"l •■** *r* <3^J 
OlSL. «-U» ^iujj .OU}2> jl £>U-L* aIS" Jk \ja ^i ly yjJI ^ 

L^.j tL^iT LLjil J o%J1 J*Mj .UL^I ^I^sa51 v l^j, ill/ill s^-j 
^ oJiit jn^J tyjJI iff 3lCJ» <£ -W*rf -^ U >J «^ L - Jj Ji ^ 

u£)W»j *jJl»J»j <^ S^P Oliil <rj-j03\ j ibJil SJA J-yJki J*£ • (**> 

l^j ci-jj ,oy: a^ Ipiy .^»vJi ja £j\j ^jj\j t u J^i\ J^- ^ ^-> 
i>-jjdl ^ L^JU^j cirJLiil i*JU 1^1 JbJbU ,^-j-Jkj Jji.C 11 )^! oiatl 
cJJj L»j .Uy- aaJ^ jij^-j us^% AiiliJ^ tVjt jjUi ^i^j S^iP AJliJI 
tOUj^JI Ja£ Jp <j^-L Jj^l JaJUJl wJjWb A;~* ^j (i*Jli i»jj-& jjj*"! 
'c/^*J (-T^y -Itk? OL^Ul il^JL* ijy ij^jb ^1 VjLr"' *^' Jj*^ l - : Hr* : " ^J 
jttl" jl^'l r-jl*. A*LiJ ^!j U J -J^ 1 j^ 1 Jf ^ ^1 W ^ Ly 

j^-\ ^ A>y>l /C* y^il -jA SJUp^J '5^S' Ol>^! Ij5» tOUjjiJ 4*~*lj l)L» 

Jj cLi^l 0l£* J^l j i*i1j jLi-l j^ jJl231 ii^ o-l» JUbLU 01 |ljll 

UjlAI ^^iaj Oy»Jj»y coL^mJjj y|)^-l <J ^irrt 4 j^" (»-frU* .jJwll 4^*JI 
^N (l^ ^U**> 01 O^.J^'^j lyfc>" Olj t5;l>«JI oJLa Ajp- J^-l ^« jJULll Jl 



(i^-j^) I 4 u^ ul ' I4: 2 '^W 1 a-J- 1 ^^ >l (11) 
.(14 : 2) oyi ^1 J^ iijUSfl f> IrU. (12) 



OOK 



.icjfi J^b j^W viJULfij <>$f o~^ u64* -rf>^ ^ OO^ 



* e 

t^jjlj jyuiJI N| Oybu N ^J* L^lSL. .j»dl fr^U Jp uu* o> J| 
Jails' SjjL. <JL4-I «JL» ^kij .liiip LiUi <u* Oj*iyaj JlsxJI ^^a** -jLj 

(13) j.,,;, ft 

jjwU-l ^ j^ ij-- 3 ^ ji*-^ 3 s^J '^* j!r"' ^ ^^ 'i/*^' 4i>liNl 
i[ 4£li*aJlj jUfcIL iUI jjAil^ tftLJI 4i-o- \^» Jb^Uil cJlT .Jjyi £tf>rft 
01 JL> i^?L>- tpL<wi? J| 1,-Ui JLf- Al*« JT Ifsll jJI*mJ iJUiJI (jyi*- CJlT 

y^ ^ <iJU£ *JL> kiDL* tiili jp t^Uaij .^kiJl y iS^ *>«-~ 'jj 
0! Jl ^-ULl Jjli >s>li tLjU-l * J^l^i Jp ol;Ull ^ j^m l^tytj 



.(1^-^) osi» yii Vj*-*i 5»>M '-^ < i r ,ui t? W* j^j -"V : J^ 1 ^ C 13 ) 



296 



If*-*/ Jjw Jii Aft/fi-j jLaJI <3^*J ?*JL^!? j!>*^' /«4*»«il A— iJ JjJxJVl 
hfig' OiU* v JL^-jJ tZJl) I* <( 15 )jjlf J**- ^ y^ J9ji\ <iy£ .J&L. 

J *u^j <«jt}£)i u-U 1 * J*^ 1 ^ t/b wj*^*. ^^i ^A -k^ 

^iLII J**tll 

u*ik Ctf^dlj i~Vb ^ !r^ ^ ^j^ 1 4 o"j*^ W 1 *** .ujTi^ 

^ iljlT OUU; i<lfj ^Ififl <wU cUIT 1^1 jJLi U^l elf— > ^~ 
1^1 L-,N c^U^I £jUI J 3^£jl s^jtJI oli icaai a^ VI xf^l 

ja (Sj>~\ 0U^» oOp £. IfliL- l^U J^ c^ l^ : h~. aH> <Jp UuJ 

jji if t^-Sii ai a^j oir ^jui xvi-i j>-v t ^uiji ouii uju^ c*> 

Sjlftfi »Aa ^a 01 o*i : U^l J| ^jsji <yu ^f ^) J ^ai ^p ji J| 
J^J 'J^" 1 jjlA (&> 015C cj Lj^J ( l,l> V r U|, UU Jl o-dl ilpl 

U* cJ-^Jl dJi i^. jV«^-^ uxwu* (uii^l) j^jJl JLp ^ i<^ 

• 1533 it* (14) 

■ftl? (15) 
'^) iL ^ 1 C«s-JI« 'Jj^jf : jJj\ j (1 6) 

297 



Jl Uj-ilpl ^-b-jil jl j»J .j_^l J^ ^yr f^J 'UUJ^ 1 
Jl OlOl LxJI aij .0Vl *Jp ^ If Ia^j 0^11 *Ui 4 JJJI L^U 

yLp ^UM J^xAJI 

(j (j-jAJiaj L^U^j i^~~«J> ^*IJlSJI lp»-.o ^Jl <u>jAl oJLa j| 
cL^p jJlii ^^j Oy'teHj ^51^1j '^ <aJ-5 l j>-- t -j ^Lp 4i)U)l i^ail 

jS**JI -^ 7«-^l/ 5aw> JUj ^P *JU .J*>\Jl AiJL (1 8 )oL~a1j ij*— «JJ clJlaj- o^S" 
i LfOO tAjljj SJLi -yt ij\j>>* J,^ L^*»--»ilJ p^rjlj .«— ^isM <fc>- (J Ja-^jdl 
•X«u C-*~Jl f t(_^jU>t^aJI Aijlil JL> Wi AjliJf o^A-^ oJl» V} iili i| -^ 

OL-vJiJ iLU 4^«VS]. > >>»j jlj^i^lj ^^^io oJL>-lj tj^>-ijl ^liJb jJJi 

C ■»]?,'■ JlSj -jU^" (U— < j /r~^"l W**_^ y** l (*^ i*-stflp UoteM) l^i 
I* jl^ ^ iJ^ U)U^_j Lgplw j&'foj t\Jb>- L«V j*J Jp IfSJjjj l^U-Li 

hytf- ^Jk^ te^JI ^,1^11 ob "LJ*j5\ J^>-L-i.l ^ jjiT ^-U- i^S" ij-di j>p 
iiyLi ,jiia*j s-LiJ^ -^ AJp 1 ^ ij^-^Jj (j^l-^* ^j^~ ti^" *£^ l C/i ^* ^*^ 
<Jp dy-jJbj cl^ 0j*-5j jjJl!1 iikJl ^ ^-U- J^ JUjtA! J^^ lAj cajUj 

5JkP "UjJiilj JL>-jj ^ •(•-ri^ ^U^l s-L-i^lj VSs^l C^'' £?*"" *^^* 
^j-uii; ^/j t^li CjUI?" aJp ^* Uii* i^yi Jj1~*j2 S^sf jiP \ t ^J toL*!^ 

t^- 1 VJ 'cr"JL^ ( -^' 0^ °S W (*^ C «J^ ftl ^ 1 f^ 1 ^ ^^ O"-"^ 1 
^jJUUj J>N[j *i]/Vl OtT Oj^ cftl^S Ijaj .C-jijl^Jlj cJj^JI <->^» ^ 

.^jiJJI ^^-ji (17) 
((►J-j>) 01 — -J . «il%i UJ'i Jyyl« lp*-i (18) 

298 



•y* ojbf( l 9 )o-b-ij JjO ^ \fi>f.V* JUju*J ObliL* o0*j 4j\iy <Uj-iil 

L. ii[ 1$Ajj4 ^ tij>- ob/ijl oJL* ^f- O^^ ^ yiNl Lib OL~Jb* ii^l* 

(J be*.]**!** 0&" tjl^ol lM Ju*j jjP ^v*) ^j (^jJL>- «u>J .iijJil CJjPf- 

.^1^1 2JLL. JlTl t^JLJi y^l cOyOl ^t Ji, or ^JJl OlTll ^ cAiy-lWl 

^ " * 

^jl^jl i— ./- U» <-7rjjH '**?*■ ly/**- ii-^a^- iiftLi 5JL«^ <LjJjJ j\y\ 

Jo J^^io {f&>- J^-i- Jo o^iv* y>j cclJULU ^poi v>^' V~^ ii oJiil 
: Obb ^aiJI lJUy tl^bUL-j l^L*ljbt JjuU 4-«J^ fL-i^l <Jik£ 
oitt ^ iiu>- tooil JJ J^jdk^y^llj t ^yi ji ^ JL ^)j (2i)U*a^t 
fbl clfJi orjx. oUp^j ib^ oy^H ^-*ib Ja-<ij .^ajl Jo ,^JJ a - ./ 1 "' ' 

jjSl-U-l j^ a^jT ,3l>b> IJlA J[ i»-i-^l .8^L oLf 4jjW UjjP (t-siiaJ ii*i 
aTI^jiJI p^I a^j j_^-}^ '««^}M j>* oL»T l(i« r jx^~z 'OjSjpl j^-'b 
cj Ubi^ tlJL»- p*kJI JbJJ l^U- Lup- J*^ IjS yjtj i\jjj\j JU-I ^ Uii. 
OlJj>-U9 oJlp- iijJil ^ r^j J*j Jo -^jy .^T Ai-JI Jai^j ^,-^JUil 
.UijT Ub^Ti ^J» (24)oli^UaJI JUjI OlC gij (23)^1 AJu? Jo v^P^ 
cii^ij taUai *Jl^i c^-l* A1.JL* ^-L-J Ulti oOil aJlA jj-L-J 
S—o- Ifj ,^aij ^1 LfbLlj iJJil bWailj i--Jb #.">^j <V^J ^Jj-^J 

.Sjly 45 ^j (19) 

,«Uli» OUjs-lkJl «-0k <-» iJjs-jll 0(^11 l ^— I (20) 

.jVjLI -jI ^-i (21) 

.jjjj4\ ~A, ,j~-j (22) 

. 1 _>i <i i.i O j,- (23) 

.Uill c^l^a. ^j (24) 



299 



JS' ^JuJL dyyu t^j\ji\ J&S- ^ »Jb-L-l SAP iJU Of If t^-U OjJl* 

tf-Luail 5ijU?j tjl>JI aaJLL? : UtfU> <-^*# J,! Cy— ^i* OlSLjl 

t) fr Uj\ t j^> ^-lil O^SlI : oyj^ 1 !^ (f 24 >^UA5l ^ j/JI £UI ^*^j 

^tj .t_JW-Nl *-• OjjJLf* tjyJU5i t y-^J 5;WaJ-l} fUaJlj Ojp** 'f-ri>^ 
tjoJI^ tjdb lp* «V*iJ '^ lF i*- ^ " ^ &£~4 tU?- iL~P J j*^;^ 
Oj/r^j -JJUJ» ^'Uh ^ (j^l fL^y Uj-Jl jA)J '^y J>~*J idA— ty 

iiliA OjLju .Aiiu ftLil dyc+ay ,_-ol OjL**j j^b Ojjpu tfAiJaJ *U*~j 
U lp« JL>-jj Ai[ jl>- lJL>- a*Jj ft^-Sj W^ <J»^\**j to^-li ^J;jj '5-^**' 

<( j>jj iaL^ o% ^. j^ s^u ^ ^ ^Ui ijijt y^ ^ oji M 

i^b «"~^ J 1 -*^ uTi*i -W*^ 1 cj f^ u-JJU o* cr^ u ^^ ' Js -1 ^ 
Sjl-^ ^Jljj « ol^Up^oljU.1 oJLp (J. Oli dJJ JJ : ililil OyiiL. jiAJl 

^- i\y»j\ j^ij Jl*ji oy *iAiu f~k "<**)> *^* !r^- 0l <y r^ 

^JUI fU-l ON iOVI iil/¥l a, J*« N c^JUlj tOL-Jb" ii> 4«a JIT t «-iJl 
t 0\OL iisJI f.J* 4 Uj t( ^U jl^ aJ ^ Aik> Jl jflj4-» J*^ *^ji 

.ILL- 
%-Nl ^ Jp L.U OjJb>. £UaJlj Ojj^OI i^l JJ5 ^j •<>*> frUi 

^^.r.^^-^-^-^ ^ ^ sH 1 ^ J* -^ ^ (f24> 

300 



p^Jbf dUtfp! t*^. Oy.l j . aT .... ; ^ «**l4-l Jj 4*»yd) 4a^J-I fjj N} Oj^Jaj 

_* aJjJJI tJJUij *>i cjfy .pr.-kk bUaiJ\ *^- y ^JJI j«-fl»!Aj i?L>j 

r^ ^Jy ^ ■**■* r u JLfU ->' ^ vJ^ ^ <^ ! 'jIi^ 1 **h 
jih\ Aiir jou ok} tdUii j^ uaju^j ^sj i fr UaiNi jl* fta*^ 'jj*-^i 

t^JUl f"UU Jp ^-jll iJjjJl u-JlT jl sjU^JlI j» <^lill ^^ai^Sjl 0&} .4-ui 

^^i jd£ii yai >ii jf tfU ojU-i j* ^jij% .dim ^. ojpJi c^* 

JyUdJI oyl ^ OjU-l OS' dUll <J*>W ^ £Jy J^*fy .Jill C~y A,ljll 
^Ull ^ ciuuuU pi U J& aJjJJI JU-j j\S ^b _^ ^A5I f Ull jJ&\ jl 
3U^ Jd£ll (< ^lll ^aiJI J.lp yb J*U*M ^U OK} .VUi^l jl 

<^Ja ^*b' ^ ^ Xfia^ it** [f. fLSJI pi jJI JUpNI ^ l^Li 
U Ojjp*y '"4^4 ^^j^i iy\j*& OL^iil i^ls /^ ^ $,» .^ l*j -1»U^» /»»aII 
4ojI^- 5^.9 ,JaiC oL-^J; ilLt olT Ujupj -(^-^ S^-l* r^ j^ OjSvbc 
,jdt of>- «e-d j^i / M t^li ^U Jli^-I j-Ui JJUJU JUx^l jSO |l 
i-L*j ^LiU ^3 t)IT lilj .^Ujl 4--^- ^-jli 4jIt">IJj cjjl jl Oi^^j 
cOl>— Jl ^ ui**lrl' l/^J l HrU^' 1 ^-"^U^-lj -r'!/ 1 ^! *m» ^-^ 'ij^-*^- 
j/!^'^ ^^^ N 4U dJLJJLJ .v>' c^li I- ^i a>4-l > J*ii Vj 

ftNj^i iAJli J/H*S' A-viJ jOy 4j*i/ (AjjUI jjP- j^j L«JJP A-j>NIj OIj/JI 

liij u-yM ^ sji^I^ i^J ol^- ^^\J i,lyt ^»5j V t^ \y^ tSj}\ 
!il tj^-j • (25) (^L)j Jli; c^- ^ ^ tfrc^-^l v-**^ ^ a!^ (^-«j JylS' 

.(US'*) Ui v^iyaJj oVIjj ^w-J i£y* dy ^ 1 tOl^l-JI ^^* ^y O^j; 
O^a-i Uijl \y£) <(J -l3*Jlj Vjials4j ci-vfiiil aLaJI dyhjj \y^ ^\ If 
•(nSi!^ l3 fr^ j*_j til)l>— Jl j^ '*-*^° ^|j^ij 'jlsS^I ^/» ^^ \~*&* 
^ ^ Will tj ^ju^bj jjjl c^- ^LU^J I^JaSAj |1 Oib^l »Ui*-l ON dU3 

j^j- .t^Uu jf ij^ i^ir oi ism ti ^lp, t i^ gj-ui jm jt c^juji 

.jyi ^j i-*- : jift i) (25) 



301 



oJ\ ^ c^r- iMJW >^l M c£± h '^^ l -^ ^ J*' ^ -TV 

*u.\ if ijji _.Lj ^>ji ~.i c^\ ^lt *s» ^ » W ^ W ^ v, 

( _ rs iJ y. U J& <U>I JL*M ^ 5^T j>lJ*f jb*^L jsJI ~>b ^ J^JJj 

j^p! Ifji |»LSy AJjX—» jb jJiJl JLp iu- *w3j CL-i^ 1^1 { j>- cOl£c i*Ja*JI 
^^^ tlfj^- c5L^-l (3t^J tt-^y*' Ay *b jUaJ-l 0*^ 4«U>— 'j <u*j AiiX» 

l,^* tiSydl ^ Jp >»jp «u>J .tii^ -tj^i JjLI* ^5 ( JL>.^w«j Ol ( 27 )*A^«I 
Ij-j a*i-*j j)T ^1 aJLUI j_j .^jIjlpI (^Jbl ^> ***oij ^iu Oi (Jp o^ll 

jjLii jj]j .( 29 >i^>. u>> ^ A^t^si. j *J ^U\ (28)^1 Ja cjliiil 
|>?rj cl^" bap ^ ybij Oj^U^I ^i £>«i c*JWj ^- t5^" 
^J^l ,y jL^J; iJjJU JUjUt ^j Jyiil jy»^ .-jUp! ^ r *-**'i> .*Jfc^— jc» 
^j^*« 5JU i^ail aJU (30)^S^JL. m,\j j*?\>*i .3,1^1 oijk jjp c'jLwN! 

. l _*-. Ji yk (26) 

usii>J Vj« (27) 

•wa-jj (28) 

0^1 (29) 

•<(^r") 

>ir j-» y (30) 

302 



*^ Jui ta^p oAll Jp JjS-I ji>-VI cjj .1^ ^ *J L.U Ua£I iwyjl 
^4 Jj^l llj .%. <J 424 ^ dULl ^\j £&j Oyjl^l ^ l^ d& tf 
sSja\ mj> JUjb ~>j>- ~J> OjK' tip* *— i jS\ Jp jl liijUVl »i* Jp jj^» 
SjyHy&l Mk*M 0^ lp* Ij-alp f l^JLy Jl l/Udl jiJLJI 5JjjJI aJU 
ki-~£ toJbJwj- £j\j\>cj *^w»Ip «J/j <j \ji\j i.*&?-\ J.I *-fPj?^) «i*y '^iA' 
_jl aJL^I Oy*^^* w*^ ^ CjjJoj l^i *>jl tjjjl U)Ui)l nj>rj^j COD if[ 

\gju> j^fj oi~J? a£tf jp 4&£ ou-a^ 

J-i UJ cJl£i tOjil^ <*_JU-I «.L«I iOU^JI o*u 45,Ui/l oJi* liJUbf 
IJL,*! lj.iL* jjjj! cojl^ tf o«Vl Sftj ^y f- ji *-»j ol^JI JLp j-4 JL» 
J»ytil «UpL~C JL$*jl ilJi JL« Ajj^e>\jJ^\ \j*>rr*\) OUj^l (^*^Ja» .IfLT 

SijliSfl Lb f (Sio^JJ 5^4-1 fr Ui^ 2j*j>U c^w»l UL-I £& yl Jp 
!>,■>-«■; wJ/Ji «y C ■*«■/» L»JLP dyj&i LjJ <_£)L>w» <_^ |}W*sM i/rf^ Ji^*^ 
^■^ Ji W^ S-^iil 0j~=*£> lyk" ^jjJUl iljJI JLp j-u OM t-^i}b«M 
*^jwi>-l 01 J} iu- ijLf^J j^ j^l Uj*5o-j <.^>j> \fj I^Lali t 0L-*1j 
oj\j t^-\ pl> \j^_ Ob djk£jj iijG prjijaj ]y^ ji^\ OjJb-^li^ Ojiaj^l 
Ojjli tjjO>-jil aj^I^I j!)Ul Jip 01} jj ui-1^ jU 01 JJ cc^-l 
OjTJl; odiu ^ aj'IaU ^ v^JaJUt IJi* Jufrlj cOIj) ,jj -— Ij <UpI 5^LIl 

^U ii^Uj iljill ^/J* Jy i>-U» •-.J/'- 0)b cUU3 Jl*jj .j|^51 JLP ^JJ iu-J 

rt: l^J J 1 Od^ 1 b^J W 5 ^ a* bjp lir - )? '^ ai * <> y^*" 1 .ji^ 1 
iijjJI ai* ^ .Obj ^ ii^U ^^ yU ^y iljU ^ Jj .^^Jl J 



•<r*->*> >-V* j» IT «- oi% u-i^ 1 J^ W vyJ' £» J« (31) 

•^> y y (f3i) 

.0\> (32) 



303 



LgiT t lyt UjSC (1 ^1 jJj t iL- o^LCj ifl, JLi. jd^ ^p ujul 0j ^, 
c*-^l fyoJl il^l a^P t^u^JLl l^U juJl- ^ ^ oi Ub- ,jj 
t^ 1 1 ^j*3 o~^ Jbijl^i J^l Vlj .ol^ sop ^jyj ^ 

.o;UVl oi^ ^UU ouejU ,_^c3 01 Ji tJUJL. cJjl>- ^1 
y^ 1 (> (AH <-4& 'u-JWtf 

p-$-a*J 01 ^Jj tLUv* dlyLiJI 4^L ^_^o ^j^ i^Jiiil rjjp OiT 

l3 ****JI dUi i> ouJ" O^icj^ tAsrlJj *cl istlj aaUj t^jjjl j^ x^Jb 

JU.I .lUJj l^i iO>yj Oj^jS v^- «-j!i> ^js 5 't/^yj** (/"M 

^ JiL^» OU^i Ai-L- Jp Uji-i *b*Vl oJla ^j . l jif > *s~^ ijUiij iil/VL 
a^LJIjj If- Ol>-U£ "%wr-j 4.;,jLJI oJLa ])$*-_} i^li^aJi fefja tU.:^- -ip U-> 
J*u & 01 JUy .iu^l^JI tf AlU iJIJufcJlT ^Jl UUaii tj*^ '^^ 

^ .^-^11 Ja~. 01 Oji ^Jb'UJI Jb-t L^aiJj OlJUlSJI U^lic^li cViUJ 

<J ( 35 )01jJI W»JJ t^UOv-^/l Ji jja->l iJL^ iSjv 0*y t>ff 0*"^' 

*UI JLe ^- jjf (33) 
•^ j)' j» (34) 
•jj^* Jj- (35) 



304 



Jij »U*f Ji df \j>c^ Ju-li .*ls, I^uii 01 ^ UU* viL ^Uw»l 
^i*. J cJlf ^Jl cij-JI j»-I i>.f, Ju-i-JI s^j, Jy jii ^ ^U-i 
Jjiss-U ( 4iU^ c^-Nl cij-JI J*4 ci^LJI ^ c^ ^yi oJLNl 

t> !r^ 'V-^l (•**" ^11 ^bj toJL-l ^ Up \ 3 j& U tf^ll j 

|^ij ^ I,, l^- 1 ^ *VJ» o-ij i^LJI yJUl Ji cJuLl IJLa a^ 
Uyj-lfi cgpifl <^JI 1^1, tC& ^jLi ^jl.| ^1 j^jLy ^i/i 

(j >5fl Ol/ly ^1 01^ U*j t (36 )ir!j ; J| ^^ jyjfl >L| oc^UI 
^d* 4jU ^ ^ . JU ^jdp ^U^ U L^il tl^^p IpL 01 JUy 
^ Ufcj fc^l ^ ^7 ^ U^ll ^1 ^JOJi ^^1 ^L^iJI 

OtT <">U^ o r a* iJLii ^ ^jdi ajb^i r u ^ .V-^b <*—*- 

ibU Jp fJ P t^Udl o«^ U^ l^j, .UL-I ^yi ^La^ ^| 

o!;Ip ^ a*y tiJUri l^ — iJ ^p vijrtb ijLJVl v^l oS/ til^JI 
J^j t V l^-J^ jU^Ll ^ J,| ^a^u ^x. yy,, ^^ 0jli , 5iaAi4 
i»ij <uJH a o* ^U OB} .oU 01 JI ^ai ^ Ijuj lpl,i a^JI jiJi ju, 
^Jj 0U*L" cLil^ l^T cJ,a« ^ t ^1^1 5JLp|_c l^Oc t UU ^Ju LS^I 

^ <kij 01 ji,l ^j^ ol ftbjSfi oJu j (Jp a, .;l^ ^ (I oJdl 01 

Ja*i J^P Jpj 4^s* 3%, J} 42» ft Lipl ^. v> » t4 J ajj ^OJI UJil Jp 
Ail *J1 v^J t<L: ^ SIM S-* -*kP ^^ \y&0*)*S\iJuJ ja ^Ajh\ 



.^_>|l JJUj J x^- j» l^L jlf (36) 
1514 iL- ^ (37) 

305 



JU-iJI jU: ^ <■£ ^i aJIj i-cJaL- ^ <0l 4J J5ij .J-jiv ^ -Jl oIju-1 

mIpU .*L» ^ ^ g;l ^ J 4jt <uciJ t( iL- Jl JUL-JI oJl* J^4 Ipii 
(3 9)ojII v L l) ^j Aiiio ^-j^ r l j>~ l^JUj 01 Uj ly^l Jl 

.(40).^! 



u*JW* f-^ 1 ^J .ol£Uil d^lJb-lj t^L£1 je J*JI J uwy^JU ^yiJl 
dJULJU ^jlSj OlT (^JJI ^ (^1 ^ OL-JL" i^Lf f- jsJ 5-^aJI oJU 

01 OjUA. JytT jiSi\ f \4ij&\ L-J^j JJJJU **j*^i tUf-j Ol^i c(42)a^I ^1 

u-jx^ *t j^- &f 11 ijL*^ -o^ 1 li^^j g^ 1 v-' o^ 1 ^-N cH 

OlOjijJI^-l Jp l^kjw*^-^! 4Jj£l Ij^- ^U coir'v-^ J* ^bUail ^ 
Jbw»U .w»LSJI jy&l ^- jUaJ OL~Jb ajy. <jl \jf) (\r+ JUjI Jl JjUasj 
UL-1 £U (43) trs u^ Jl^l&l ^ ^~JL 01 Jl U* J*-l ^ y- jjl 
J-jy- jJ^-l **r\f \&. Ail olji IJLpI^ i^fjjiy. JU* ^Ja-I ^ 01 tiJUil 

tiistfl^JI -W> L»L-»I fr^V^ tl^Ji ^f ^^ ^ O^ l/IWH ^^v ^' ^ 

*lVj J>^JI <^A!} ^J ^J^ 1^^ t^^" ^Js^^r-^ 1 O^i ^' J*^ ^^ 

JT ^ JtoyiJI jl»t OjJb^ jiJdl iu^l^ll ^ ^ ^UAI oJjb ^ ^-jU 



•JL^ ^ (39) 

.1515 i- (40) 

.j.lijjsi (41) 

.Ob, y (42) 

.HMt jLpjlT (43) 



306 



V-JL _j^jl Ijla SJ5U i^JL. jJJu y>j tjLo,Kil lp!l J^/li .OlSO 
«jj* O^ 5 •!** ^ y^* ij ^fii 'Vj 1 ^ ^-^ «r^ f**i %Ja*-l t4->*-~JJ 
AJlit^i ^Ui .^yy I^Ip ^Jk, V ^ Aij~t, f 01 ^ ^l oblJUsjyi 
O* *!r* l yj^b -^i^ 1 ,y ^' o£# o^ ^ 4»jX. Jl J>ojj Ijl^ 

(.(Jj>y\ *#L\ ja yj\j ^>\/i\ <Jp f*A \& lip*, j* ^jjty <] ^x^ 

li* J» i^ail 4sj ^ .pr«— (JI JUI jjUaj (^ll^j |Ja^ jj\ j\ J»j ±*^j 

^ oos, .-or jjkifi io^i ^ui ^ ^ 1^3 oi u pfi ijj~\ 

*S*J '(»tV* ^ ^ If '^Jjirf jJ* ^ yU 01 ^ NO. ^1 ^£ IJA.JI 

JL - .U. - J jtjjtji J}ta*-1 
O* jtfl Jl ^Jai tS^T S^i ^j^ JLwNl JL4-I ^1 ^^ 

4JI : ^"li _ ftMy u>ju otr ^JJI __ oUJL" Jftl Jl ^ ^j, 

" • "j («-f^-S OiPV^*^ Ai^ ( 44) j>*J 0^-^k>" juLv« (t-rjS' ,j^ w^yc—o 

i> ^^ 5 ^b < 45 V^I ,«-*jy^ V 11 £^ *—« «>j~j .AilJLs-1 
o^L>-li UJiJI IJjh c^ «>NI oJL* Jp Jy^o jl ^ OIT <u<) . J^JI 
(LiU ^a^-jj 01 VI -Up ^-J Jlj tOl£~JI SJpLw* j^ 0S~UI <u&c Aib 

^ tw^*»U v^ 17 v!^- 1 -i* *i**j W» -V^j^il ^ jJlill lit: il*« 
lilJi oOpUj (46)0UJj Jl *^ tV L| SiU jiy-i J ill^-Vl Ji** 
>J& Ai> J aJI pjjijj .UjIj AVi OK} UiT alJ^i ^Jdl (47)^.^1 
J-^»j U^pj .diill ^ *^i ^1 oi^j ,*J1 ^> JU*i jijOJj v^l cf 
\jL^j ^$\ ^jjlti Jp j*^ l^j ^ ^Ul jlSUl jIpI aajjJlI r L.| 

cA-^J^ j Oj*-o (^JUI (49) V UJI jj^l ^L ^.uiJI I^UI, jj-l ^ lyy-l 



■J*- y (44) 

.Jli, jji (45) 

.1516 fc- (46) 

.jjiX-MI (47) 

•y- j,f (48) 

-">: r (49) 



307 



Jl 4** o^ J <&-■ *-Aj 0* > ■** dUU 0^ dUi *bJI Jj .^U a-JIO-^ 

Jl ^UJJL ybUaJ fU aa^u JL*y .WiJI J Uy>*-o. OtT t^ajl w»LiJI j*.V! 
aJLj! *a ^Jl (^ J 4ilpj aJp ^yaJ a^I '^1>4-' Jl *JH) ***j£ J**^ 
Ji tlJi^ ci^i ^j .prUL* ^Ui |yLA iL-r*- *t3W 5J -** d* **^| 

jUaJl *-*! ja ,jak£ f .4*s?A\ pr&\£ ^k* j*j (\jj> \1~9- jt-Xi- J ^ 

QUJbJ l£L *~iJ JlpI, caJU? Ij^L 01 4iU^ yJLiu-1 jiiJI v 1 ^ 1 j^ 1 

^>j tOJdl JL J* Jja-o »_jo f .(l)\^JI) j^I ^tM- 1 *W- ^ 

.J^t ^U AJbij «0L~iJ ^ i> 01 Jl cijN ^ JJJJJ 

£jl& j&& 3^l~l ji*r *«y?j a*UJl J**s-1 
0L~L" J*! 01 A*-jJd tS^i" 1^1 ^L-jj^JI IJl* dUs-l aij .oilJ-i-.l 

<f 5 °)Jjj}*il jy.^1 ^IJlAl-^ t*-»^JaJ OlSLjl ja pAyf £• pA>yXis.M\ ^jiJI 

<jj .jyki\ ^y* JbaJI Jdi tp^i*-> Ji iiU^L c. i A<l ^yj^ ^ 
JI ojUaJl ^^o ^ U3 Ji aJIopI Jb ^ culil c^aJI jjAt 0^ ^b*Sfl oJl* 
Jbo ^ 1 (j^JDI .j^UM JjLi l;j» aJ^5 c^j jS^jj L^fb- yuili tOl^_ 
jl^ oiU«l ^.^dL. ajIj t(5i)<Jy UilJ OIT jv.'Vl l-u 01 <J L~« tbJ^i^• , 

^a*j *-• J>-j ^Ji\j JUJ Ob ^^l^-l JjU'^li .4j;14 flj-^aP jjJJl iil/Nl 



.jJlSL.NI (50) 

.jJljiji f a (51) 
308 



ti»jS3l uyjL. Jl i^l ^j* ^fr oUL Xfifi- d\j*j SU 01 /c .^nJt ^aJI 

I'L^- Jl Lxil ^JJI ^^L-l i^-lp Jp 1^-lj (r 51 )jySll jUit a»>^ 

^li JUly .jflj^l iU.| Oji SJjUJU Up £>U-Nl ^ Jb "if OS' iOL~Jj_> 
J |^jiJ 0L~UJ JaM L^iJI ^jUp! SJjsJJ ?- ^>- I il (j-jXH Ol Oj^c*i ^5 
JLjU J-^)j UjLpj -j-a^ cJ**>-I j^ 0>u~> ^fi c^ (1 0], aJIj ia^ 

ill^l £*Ui .OljUJl ^ jJUJI L^ j^Jt.. OS ^1 jTL.SH ^Oi^ JjUH 

Jjlp l^JL^>«i t^i-w* Cj\j$»* «uw»( -Ai jS-~*ll 0^ caJLJ oli Jj .olJ~l~JI 

oi op f*y-Jj <^*jj^-^* 'u^ -r^* ^y? \y^ 0^1 *^*^ J^ ./^ 

*^S0 (jX-oiil ^,-jii jJp c?r^l \)\* \y£ X&i cLii 3 J^jj .*-f* -JL»-T cJLoj 
^w-jjSol i^.M.ialj SjL-o^ ^ C-i»- 01 «Uj J^-^i Cfc'j*^' "*>*^ ^*^"J 

^^vO^-l jtJLJ J^ IL»W 0,1x^1* tOj-JL*i«o j>-*s*3kl Jj <j"Jirt/- **^ ,l 

Ji 0^ ^^ jX^-jj^il .-j]/^ ^Ij* ^^4' "^^-^ ^-V - C&rM- \y^ ^** AiP 
^JJI A^-l ,j/» Ov^ 3JLpL-jfj '*i-W (V* APpli topL-J (^...^a,:plj <uj *if apjJ 
oLIS^ ly»il yi* as- t5j*- pr* g+i ij n3j£ JT ill^Nl l^« <J| lyy*! 

cr*JLK^ V -^*J 0L»%dJ J^s?-I 

y fik; ^-^i ^ ,j^ .i^ jjuii i^ ^ji^. yi *Us- ^ii JjCij! 

.jjjL.Nl (52) 
■>" Jf' (53) 
309 



J jjXaJI Jl ^|a->l ( j&- i<l>t>-Li oljle- /j-io flij apU«JLo «U»jiJ -x- 

y^ cJj ^ *J> fij OLxi cO^t^-dl <*Jj t^iAsS"! 4j^J .i-^aij i--A-i ^> 
'CiJ-k*- <1^0j 5JLsH oJlA cJd -^>«** f-l^l t $ ^ J i-^aiJ[j (^JbJUl ^ U-i 
IJLsr jS/ tl**. iyj ^>j &J\ w^ o/\ Jdtt t^JDI (55)^LJVl aJUil 0V 

<^JJI jLsLi iJlA 4JC)A C~i]aJj ci-«b ifytil CJK~ t/rJtf ,U»m ^Lil JUp 

OL^Jj Jl ilU ^ ^j .UIp Li ^L-NJ JUUll ^ aJU-j ^j _y* Ja> 
Jl J— jl^ t^LijJI IJLa jy ^^ t/^* - ^j^ l b*f «^^W: J^*-l <^-~>- 
•jjk* sSj** UjU ^ *ip cJK" ^1 S^JI £. ^j^ ^-Ij Ci\j*j J^Ip 

l,^. C-*iv»j c^yi il~>- (56)ii^i o^t Jb-t Jl £Ul-l lJUh UIJL*li t^JbJUl 

,,/^J tjfcS" frUi-*; -yl"^ JeL^JI £^ c^jLsjJ .0j)\Jl£ di-^Jj (.j J-ilj 

i-Jhi Wa* (Jull ji^ ,j5\ ^ Jf A-Jl J—ji tLJW-4 ki-^> (^^ ^j^ *— ■* 

.oLi 01 Jl kiJUJij jji ctl^ll j_y5-^> iu-j Ly j2*s- J[j c(J^i-o) 

Jjja-I js« Jp ^ tOlyfcj Jl i»jS3 ,;j UiiA* ^ jUoi'Vl IJla i^apj 

ul^«— -J^' J^ <*JaP ^Uail jj>-\ (^jjl j>j -U? - ! Jb^li .Aj^-I OlSC* jjjjl 
OLJ*- iJji J ^pjjj dlly >»«Ji jy.1 SSJCA ry**]) <\j£$ \j> Ayliilj 

(Xj 4 uii*^r-^ , >*i a* t/^ \h** ^3*b '-J^ ***>* cr**** -Qj^) 

tdj^a^- SJlP Jp iiJJi Oaj JjS*-I^ .Aii-» ijLJ- >»*J' ij ]fl£ ^-v»; 
oJU ^ J«r cLJL*-l Ji»L-! C-J*^ lij .0L~Jj *!>l£ Jp l^>-l i^u-l^ 

■J*- ji> (54) 
-1»jS3I 0W^ (55) 



310 



•fji </ Wl <V^ U^l 

^ jij$3t ^JJ *Ljc -1>-j iO^j J| i»jSjb jyjU J-^»j LtJUp 

y- LI l$ c^Lw^'l JjkJVl **• oJdl oJla JUi» ^«t-j ybj ^Ixy i£iyy 

OS* .UL-i *J*Li i^ !x^ *^ dyMj p+iJZ j* 0L~ J; S^JUf Ojsr«pjj 

^-^1^ SkJUl ic JiJI ^jl yi l^yi .jjjjjjj ^\fhb jfo* SO* L-> Jb>-y 

J| j^olS ^ ON < ^^JtJI £> Jj J^M 1^^ <l ^ * JJJi 
V >V 5^ ;£$, ^ Jp yjj .** Ci >JU jjkjl I^Ip j^ J^ 
'jib 1 j* LUj l**i Jtf I^IT prL-y oSf t^j^lii .£jjS^1 diL" J ^ 
^ CJlf ^)l Spt*)}, SftXJI iJM cr* u*L «-^ /** ^-^ lyi*^!} 
1^1 J* ^JUl 5^1 ^> ^ j^j ifl, ^ l Jx -L ^j tSjjUii JbU 

jf W*> !^ ^ 'j^ 't>Li Jl Ujll ^Jl v^ l^Uy ji-Jt 

oJa ^jj -*JU-jj j* pp+£ ot 4i;lp Jp IJb^T tOjil iL*U» c^ r jA 1 
c-«5jj cijJi ^jiio us^-^ 1 !>^j^ jojJIj -•1/Al cr* e; 1 -^' J-^J *^ 1 

^tj A*i^ iJu 0j5j oi ^^ i^j jr jjijxj s ijp^i jop J]) t^-jy ^ 

C-fil lij tt^-l f lj i~jf- dUi ay-U .o'IpV oT iyjUl ^ l^T bjp 



311 



slLL Jjj^xJL* y\ i£~»*\.\ hls^j ^ujAU i^-Ljl OjilS' jiP oj^»- 01 c^bj 
C ,*J a^ «fl->JI j_yj-~.it (_/**{? »fe«waJI dJUU3l *-^ 0^ ^a?- i^jJ-i o^Sj aJJ- 

*U- ^ OK) .ofi-T JuLtf Uj ^1 ^ J JUI jijul t-. c*J*LiJI Jp 

i>* ■ iap j ^^ ^^ ■ 5 >^ <y p-"** V^ J^ ^ ^f^*-* ^y 1, tr" o 1 **^' 

j^ *-jJj Oj^l-* l^ilSTj tijjliil X^ apI>«J^j -+$... ajl -^ J^wiUi .C^.\j *5>y}~\ 

*Jb ^aLI UpIj t^UI 1.1, J^4 LjA* (i-fJi ^j!j i^uU o^ ulJUi Ji £>- 
*»*L«j| a3 \j»1*~j 01 5jaj^i iLjL^J. J,| ft-gl^i UjL- j^Jaj^ j*^*-!^- jJLU-v 

J*^ 1 u*JW* O^ c (n^ jk-Jb w>!^" p* 'j>N Ji yp L* ^r^J ■4~L~S\ 
Jp Olf bl Lp JsL^il JU c4jJL» jij l^li. lij tj^^iV^ ill^l ^ o^ 

. 01.— Ju jUtf^- (J *j>-l put J&ySj\ (jyju* l^ t jij>- co^-isP A**nj AjL>-w^^-j 

ouuj duu Jt j-»>i ^Ji)i iJUJi 

-JL?- JI^U c^il 4-i^ Jl O^JU-^I oaIpT c^JLJl (57)0L-JL- ^iU. 01 

01 Uail; J^mJI 4JJI JLp a^>-l ^^ui <J^« JUjj .^ ^ iJliii ^JUL* <* JLPj U 
4jI?" aJ ^*l c^iJI (j-j^i j*j ftlfiiil ^^ ^. Jai-^u dlJij tt^ (^1 (^iji 

OIT <^aJI (58)yu^l ^1 a;IC ^j^ ^-.aJ UJj tala«il OIT If >^JI *^l 
jjT^I ^Nl UJi .i*>Ul Oj^l <j J^oJI JU dUJb j^L ^ c^V^Lb *S»i i\ 
a) U*lJ OjSsj Ob l^dU 44^ as^w-J ( _ r ^»ULl JjLi jjl»l^l Jl 4JJI jlp 



■y ji) (57) 
.CAyji JL*-I (58) 

312 



o! tOj^j £U ^J^\i cJjT ^UU JjLi yli ( 59 )aJU>- J^A ^mju, 

Olyhj ^ JjJ-I iJl* jUaJJ} .OL~Jj J} 4Jj*>«-^j JL~-} i£-k*r 4j\f~u aJLC 
a^jIj 44^1 J-P i_JU- J] Jjj£" (^i>» ^Ji 4jL*j>I a* t,_r-^L« ^^ili «iLi 

£/l 01 Nl tOj^l jUaJl jwJil ft bJI «j^- Jl ^oxj 01 }W toiioil ^ *U 

^ '<>!/* ^ ^ d ^ &® (60) «j!it* ^ ^ W ifJM >^!i 

-J-JU5I Nl <u j*cL f. j*~ IjLaW dili J~«i . v 1 * ->^i a* j«ty V^l 
4i«. 0*; Jp £jLj Ofi^ i^j J/d^ (^JJI tjjj ^ Jl 0jJl~-Vl J^»j U*UPj 
Jp ^ „rt«; £^il ^ «U* OL jl ^jadil iLUi/l 01 Ijljj tOlybj j* ^,1^ 
^ 4uy 0L w»L>t-l a^3 uJL^ i*jJL>- .*Sy[ ^p jJaJI i~Kaj ^1 ,r»~-i>U 
.Jill frUdiJ j*a£ il^- tOli^ ^ <Jl J-^JJ «*- £«l» - lj ^t jljJ^ 1 Ojljj 
jP -UJj ^1 Ua pj J*/ ^1 oUU-lj (61) fl JLJ Jl J^y JUJI ^j 

jl^l lN cA*~1j t^i* _jjj jj^l J *i &*^i 01 Ojj £~*\J L~*& 0L~*1» 
-A^l J-yl tiibt Jl owL-Nl Jj^ji jJp \aX* 3 t^JUi Ojj Jj£ OlT 

l^tT ^.iJI 4yliil 01 f .OLyUI ^ (/ **>*J v^l ^ Ji fr( yML 01 Ji 

•V dUU J CJIT ^1 3JU- Jl Ij^sL 01 pjufli ^1 jj ujJL-^l SaJUJ 

<4-.1j (»-^j a>vj^ i»l Jjj ^l -liSCJ t^U itsoj ^jdl ^L" U 13} il)JI ^. 
-**-> ^ ^ ^ ^j -^ 4J ^ 01 jl^l # vJ^j L^, J-jti 
I^JlT V-ij t(J i»jUsJI t^p^ ^1^ ^Vl ^ £. 5JLT Ji Igy ^W ^r^U 
^jii jl ^^aJi tOj^-J^ 1 CjU-^ Jl ^L^- i,Uil J>o O^jLii 
^ j^l oA^ £^ £. Ij^Jl, jUauiJI iibk dAUj .oaoil j^w ^ t U^- 
£. OUJ; Jl (j^JjU i^lj .c»jll ^ ^U^-Ij lyjl>-j ^La-VI^ jy^ 
^^ip ^^ jwLJyi ^__^ jV ^i> jl l^>-lj .Jaii l^-t ^iP i*^ 
.01^, Jl I^Ipj 2M\ J*u 5iU tJ yj ^ Jj l^wl 



313 



^spjflb cJjfli aj J* <OJi x* £±j\j oujj J^i 

oA*j jl J U-lj jjU^I JUP ijU iy <dU JLp ^Jhi tiCjAI oJUfc JL*u 
CJj^Jl^^u-^ e ^ Jp J^xi .OUJj Jl ^jiJ bJLfc _/Tf OlyL 

iji^ JJt ^ ^T ^ Oi J«y .4pU j* £^>l c^JJl <JJ1 JLp Jl U^l Jl~ 

tfLL Ua^^a, c^jli SJUjoj^ Jss-I; i_J^r iu-J J («2>0j^j j^ jAJail 

;jlj^il o^» SiLi CJ^li JL> S,UII V^iJ fcull js^yj. «-. *-$L-,tj tvW Jlj 

Jp CJj&l OK" Hj .ilU ^ O^wy JUj Jp ^J| IJuk ^S^P gOJl 

0UI5 .Ja-^JI J icAlj cjdiU J (Jj£\j ifl&l tj L^lJb-ltJ^ 

4-j^ «U, Jp t J^ «U->- SJb-lj JT ^ t( JiUI 5Uj jSM\ OUyiM 
^4-1 £rJ~ o^jjl Ja*fj flkJI IJU» J ^IOpNI CJjSCJI >sil, .^_Jt£j\ ^ 
Jp Ojm^ *JU-j £^ £• jjj>it J-iti .JsaJI 21&* 0^ ^i^ 1^, Ni 
a-Ai 0I4J-I ^ j* cJj^JI Jp j^r^ cj-UJI ja lid llj tijUil «Ip 

Oliljaj t^UpMl IjJUjIj UpL^JLu ^Ju-aJU \^X^a <n ^i toiji*. .v^.t.T 

djfy s\i\ jij^ii v ^ t^r ^jby ouap^i p>. ^ a^ t> ^^ J| 

(J^ ■ A> ' 1 j>3^ pJ» tC-aidl *\j\ ja *A\j*ai ^JUj OJj^JI d%j .•JLtoj- o-l^ 1 

^W tij 'Jt^ 1 V |r^» '0-<^l Oj->u-J.I Ji>-I 01 -Ujj .AAstf ^-jv 0' 

tUplp iiiil 01 j^JUi iOL~JL" ^.yf Jl ^Uai j—9-l J f jJ?\ ^Jo-j JUJ 
illi SI .ojAp Jl ywJ3 oijtot- jja~ dJUiT l^ ^^j tjL.^1 ~jf- 01 J*j 
Cr* J^ ^V 1 * J 1 ^J^*i (^J 'L*Ua*l Jl UUaii ^ U^i ioJdl Jl I^Uo 
il^JI j»J»l oLj r jj> l y~>-\ jZj^j {. { y^aX-\ J aJUI JLP /»lil* .l^i AJyiU<aj 



.1544 Vl- (62) 



314 



l^5i ^ ijflAJI, OUMI j, 3uX \y\fij a%JI J* o],Ip 5-Ap U^U 
^ OL*/- bilf (j^j-- SyUil jiJfU ^j Olij .^-^r- «-*M o* ■**)* 

01 cJjSOl £b Uj .£>UI J*- Jp Ukil JaI J^pjiJ iOl^ J J 

4 *i)l JLP Jl ^vaillj toil ( JLj <^ ^1,1 Jbii Of 0~ uJl^aiNl Jp fjP 

<u>*L»l foy— ^ U^ 1 ^ ^ Hf C^ 5 £"^ ^J Jl hs **y ^J 
lj .5^1 prip frbJI OijlLJlill ^ i2jJL>-I Jii CJlT ^pl l^ j^ iiiUU 
jp Jb^j U; li>l£ cJJ Jbrj S} tl^ J>o ji\ il^-JI ^pij ^-^ Ol ^Jax-o 
,s>- 5^*11 Ojlwii <y. oj£r ^ ^ *~*- •^y J* y^" U>* «-*N *^» 
Sjy£=ll oliJWI c-J^jt l^-tj .^IopSu s^T ^U>- £. c^U 5A>-yi ipUl 
Jl J^j* '^ <_r^ £?k? t^U—jNl Jp AjjUli oLSjlJJj oiiJ-JJ 

•$S r^rk Jf*' '-W'- c< ^ir*J 

^ W** iJH *t Ji 

^ jiM c^jUuaII w^l^t <«7>£jl£l ^Ull ^1^ 4 Jii iUi JUi 

j£j .ify> yi <U)Aj AjjU-j AjU*^l 4J1 JLP r^j (0L~Jj ^ A*-yj J>\j> 

ip&x? NjU ji^Ai ^ v>»ii .4jijp! ji *^i (jil, ^ diur yu. 

Jl *^> *^P dj&& \jl>-\ *^—iil aJLjt-j Olj .«up lyfU<aj ^1 (^lj lij 

.0U-»- (64) 

.«JUII ,^-J (65) 
.0^1 (66) 
,^\ (67) 

31B 



< 68 >oM J} OISLJI jJ^T j>- v^-Jl 01 Uj .ju, UJ iU ^L5 ^JJI 

■*•* •Sfc*' b^ J^b <lp /~* lM U 'JJ 1 * i^***" J 1 WLai OS} «j^ 
\>* iJlil ^JJ* d\ dlUI>J»Jj ^'Jb. 5>NI »JU J* yl^l ill/ J^l 

cJj&l IJLa jU- ^ .^>j&b cJjSOl £. sjuUII c-^l sL-> tOl^j Jl 
.OUJ; Ji ^yj ^fcAl ^ /b ^Jjjfy J^ ^1 ai-j UL,I Ji 

jL* JJX Jp ( ^ 4 UJ ciiJL. £ ^Vl J^aJI 4y vJu^JI £• >JI ^5> 
X^ui iaaa ytf jjJJI <jAl J} ^ cSLil^ OLyiJI ^ J^j aJUU 

t .u*r ojjui j*i, t ouSfi ^ **# j^ ^i t oi^j j} cj^ji *\* ujl*j 

Oiu J* j£-*j t^w U-» Ol^bj ^ ^^j .OUjJI ^ S,i dAiJb ^!>UI cu/li 
JT i^aU ^ If 4^-f oUj^ j! 1^-1 OjJLL I^jIT : i*JuU Up Oj-^/u 

OjU»Cy CJj^JI i)j2iU* jilrffl 01T tJjS/l JU| JLPj .l^j v .,-4 SJLxlj 

tUjWi 0ji4j dyaisj ui^^" ^^ 'V^j/ ^Lj^? rW*M ^j tA ** 
(^^■j 'uri^b c^ r*^* l £&~* ^ J*" «-** J CJ ^' ,jjp W*b *»^J 

<ii J^»J J>- £~}j J WU ^ , - i ^ b CJj^JI jUi .(70)oU*ii i^-^. 

^kJ aWI ^ ^2i^ ^JJI t^^j iiJUll ^ jl^l *i Jbrjj ^JUI d\£i\ 

iiyVl jl> JJ5 a*, l^ l^^l ai I^IT a<T^« «t.W l^aLii Jj-^JI o*jUj 
JiUI sl*j ^ yU"^ yi OlT : Jj (f o,li aij 4 JL-JL" yjtd I^.a5 jjJLi\ 



-Ji^l (68) 

■JJa-Uir (69) 

.tJ,Uj »JU) Jui iu^ jl (70) 



316 



OjIjUj y«?i tjvrr^" JU <"' * ijLp ^ ^^ f-^ W^JW ^" lM-I 
Ujupj .i,Lbf- jjj**- Jj v_~~^i JLjS' Jjiy-io ,i ^ Jl£ OK - J&- SjjS SAAj 

pt*! ^ 'r^3 vl^J r*> J** y^W* ^ r*> ^ ^ 

c^JUt f >l JM a>}& '^M ^Uj c5,UMl ^Uf U^» : *i ^ 

■Si! ^Jl jMJJ LU- S^P 0j£> 01 t?V L" ^ 4 !^ ** ^>^^i 

U*i ^sr^. aJ Uy-ij OK" toyJI iiJUL; <£>■! iJUUf o];L«j -uJ^j «? l^ 

^U51j e-i^l iv-^jL-l ajUj j>1j t4jji J| jIp jjfcs^i ^l^ -Ujj tCJjSJI ,jJUi 

jiXj cjjLf J^- ^ £$ ,j& wjy» ostL^ v-^J 'Ji*j^' ^i^-* l? «^*-** 
l^ Jp Ji- ^1 L3U-I JA-. jUadl j fLj 35^ iiU dily .^ t&\ 

CijJi Olj il/b jJ ff\ isj L.-^j t^ll? (^9 o*® <h> ^ 
.pjtjazj OjJ.1 c£Jb-| (J ^Lil ^JLp kiJJJLS' oiijy td)L>»*Jj _^- <u»-jj tA-vaj 
t j 1 b r l ; _jA*il^ tip,Uai^ cj-LaJi Jp IJLjsr- OjjjJ^i iji^-l OlT SJllI viJUL? ^Ulj 
^li 5 ! ^ villi vil L*j c^aJ-1 ^..m^aII JsJlij tJ^M J^ o^bj 
01 (J,} oJ-io Uv>j 'Lj^-* i£*a"* f jw» «^*j • ( Ja*JI JLv3 ,1 fl^*; 44-j^ljpi 



. ( UT) J> (71) 
317 



3j^-l 01 j^^AJL jfr- cL«jj ^tsp 41-. dUL* IjS^Ly tJii S" fl^»l ji Jaj]^. lf-> 
*_~~j Jj>JI iy>.jfa?, w j jij c( 73 )iiliA j* ^-1^ 4*u,l Jjo jjp OjJbr-jj ^fer.U 

£l>- 0i 4iL 0L- ^1*1 J| aJj-^»j c^^Jj-oft-- Ai^i of JJ ^£L-*il J| 
Jl >*>li tojU^ j\ OUJ; ^u! ^ ^'Uj uS\ cj JJU (74)^1 
frbb ijUil al^JI £> pit 4~o»j Jp Jui* ^£lj .AJli-^i *,tfp| J* £j*^l 
dJUi ^ c*V Jl (75)^JUL1I JUj ^ ^0£ % itMji oy J& 01 Jp ^J 

^T ^ OL^li L$£w~tl 1«Up ^ Ol^iJI j^ U>wsl* l^iip : JU-I «JLa Jp- 
tl^ ^ JyUll OUfy a\yi\ ^fr ^ t *L~JI JlU^^i Oi*»i> <u*M-» 

jl^l 1^1 05 OL-JL- J*l 0&5 .4~i-JI «jy» AisM IJU r bj cU*-^ 

g. * # 

Ail, 4 *U-I jyUs-^ *il ^t yjbt jjJLJI Ob ^bj-l 4^J .yu JL ^ 

J^J 'jA/4-' J*^ 5 ^ U-l) cJjS3l 0»T L.o*i .ta^U Ji^j 

^ jUaijj tijUil £. ^5LaJI ^Udlj JL^ OjL-Sj JjJUU tjjj ^ J} 

L-j .ilUi ^ JU.f ^j UU» tiil^-Vl ^ vJl^Jj £*) ju< Jp ^SL-pj t oL> 
(76)^1^ I^JUU oftjtt ijjl^l y j***. ^ ^y t/ ^ -o fr N> jJp 01 

<J1 (JLo ol »JL^*x. jyi*i Ujlc otj i^j>-b OL— Sj £ <£A\ i^UU 
Ji OUJ; vU- cJJi»oa*Uil ^ >b ^ juy tiU i Jp jIj>1I jil^ .^oll 
SjL^- I^^Ja^ 01 j^a^j nU*LU cJjSCjl o^W-^ »>*« Oik-U .»JL+* 
lij^u oLy SjjU aJL^ iiySli ^U <^iJlj tUirii^i ^oJI ^pNI dUi 



•J0^b(72) 
.J*> o-fj 4 (73) 

.1»f .y— (74) 

.Ji^l ^Vy (75) 
■>» ^ (76) 



318 



JjJ, LpUlj i<£\j l^» cJlT : Jj |f JiJ-l c^- -Uj .a^JlI ^ l^ t_^»t 
ilL* ^ I.L*y .Obi ££,1 Ifjil^j SfcT 5yL Vr^pij' ^ cfcjjX* jjp 5^ 
JjVl cJlf My UL>-T J,j^j tJ^-JaJI yi as&-j w*Ui <J ^^ jjjS" ajp 

01 i*^JJ J,o-J *_iau tjf»j^j ij^-^J 4 <jr!^' <J*l* Cr^/^i i>*J tc.j<JL< 
<u**>*-J J* V: OyjiJ vir" j* ^^ u-Ms» '<>j^ Jl J-~ f-*JI 

.^ly o,U 01 J* J$\ <> J^L. 01 J} jlfdl jyL, dUi JUi .*LJU 
UL»-1 pXij cSj^» i-^**-i jl jj,*i OyC UJLP wjI^-VI JLp i^Uf- SiUJl aJL* 
4J 00^ -dAM t/ **JtJI i-JiP u~~>. 4 Xt **- tSjA ^1? «>aT tt# 

.^ jii jitti ot Oji 4-uJ^iU jl. y\j\ 4ju» u jr ^'bii j^ai&i a* 

Jl iJLdt JUai l^*i jjijl OjJL-*Vl cjIj Ujhp .L&ju- Jj juJj 

<6 fUf ^>7 01 u-£ 1^1 Oj^j ^*j 4^1; \yij &\/i\ 01 ijUil JL-~ 

ly^J b>* juJI slop jjAl IJu J^li cjJUJu cj^JI Jj^-T j>l^fl 

Vb w*W fc»^" •** >j-* ^ <i u^ (fjfl Jj£\ j&z b\ y\>j i^i^ 
^js\ jj& oL vWi ojuji ^ .jjj^i ^u, j) v ^ oujj ill. 

JwU jljjll Ujbi .jjWI^VI jy, fUl L^jjay if h a. u j 01 <uU i^ U^ 
01 Up ^iJi *«ui JTJ] gr\j iJJi 0] !>WU ttAJJb ^sij |l >^ j^l ivilb 

i/\j \*A&J .4*A |*t?»W» J* OlT Jxo* i^- iUwjl x^« ^«*J.I Jl jl^ 

*<V > (^ *Vf s-?- ^** ^1 ^^-^" ^ W- d)fo £>\ cj^JI 
«-y«JI IJu ^ OL^Ja ai^-j OV 44*4 <_-.UJLll ^j jlj^LI jSO t< rUi^ 
•0>-j ^Us— Js»^«. 4ilj t<s*a^ ^ ,^c«o *J| tAJli ^^ai tbjj^ OlT 
^. tiUi Ji v*^ ^ & CJ^II j^J . JU-I Ua Jp li>l^ 4 <;U1 0>iy 
u^.^y-j <£- i> 3^» VI iJU* ^ JU.J N ^!l Ol^j Ji ^l! >u 

tl^^i OlT i-^ cJj,» ^ ^ li^Oailj .^} jcaJl JJUJ*^. O^ gj 
Ji ^ tJU-i ^j ti^ >\j Jl .^j Uj njtiL. jr J| ^ Jjl ci J^y 



319 



^ .ojdi a» y^i ua* 4&1 v oir ^iii oi&i ^ j Ji~~s 

Ij^L^i t^Ui^ JJ ^Jl ^ J jlJM J-^jy tATyjl «->U»f £r«^ iuU 

^ jl .SiUll JUi» OrtJL. iiit VU ^ >bj CtfM c? V^ CJlU Sjjj J* 

CJj£ll ^1 dlb r*jj .jjH\ J* ££ <Di *w> us*»^ tfj- i^ 1 ^ 
tS,l* V .. H OUJI J»j <dr ^l gAlau-V **Jdl J^- 0>j J*f <-»jiaj Ob 

«j»M ^ J **** J& ^ !*/** ~*tfi» (/^ij W*J *~* C->V 

p* jr t^ \yyf. &\fi\ 01, «i^i jagi oy ^ gi y*- ^ 

Jp oJllI 0l£«- Oj*Pj> ?krj uyojlj us^l jJUj V ^iO* 01} 44&J.I 
r U a^* jy» S^Jdl uc^u jA lU^JI Ji j^-l U* jUj Hj -uis!^ 1 

Jw-jli .,J>.,<aSll yjb 0]> tyLl *j \j2jji d\ [ p - Jm .-i { pr\ £~£-. (j*** 
ja iJuJ <*9jil\ £\;\ <^Ji)l j^l\ ioyy. *a~ ^i ju; jl Ol^j <Ji S^A i~<L- 
ja JJi JL, l^-y- ^aJI JL.UU JU-j ,►* JylT .oJdl y& of A\/l\ 

tUiJI Jl ipl^A ^I^Jai .^C^i! i^y- ifttt <^* ^>" J^ 4 *y 
i-ilT ^ lJb-Jj 01 jJU OtST ^1^ c^ji ic^ iJI^Vl jJL ^JUtfJ d-*- 
Jl LiL-*} dyuj -Xjwai .jA Aiiii j^ Jb-lj Lj4« Jxi-o OK' 01 Uj tl^jUJ- 
^bj .4J} yU»j U zjzJi c~eyi\ ^S JT J\ Jij oLI; U »J L - \j£>j <i*iill 

iii;^i j^ji ^isi, tw.y*s*i (j ij^fw ta*y^ ^j u - !A k^ «Xi 



.^ 250 (77) 
320 



lP ti^ ^M V-***" 1 ^ f 'cJjA' VViJ <o»»JJll JL~ij <jl *4*o*j 

\lf- a^k^soj **u 01 ,Jp Oyil J-^-ii <ok w»U-l <u£J tiiL* a-*-Ij cJ&~ ^^L- 

01 V\ ca-pI^I ^iJl ^A^-i Jl !5U JLuJI J* Ipli <■£, jj ^ 

OjUii ^ Liil j-£p 4_~u?» ^ j-^^-i {j^yi** 'f^** O - * - **" ^ l^-Wv^ 

t3jjU| <£.»[ jjj .jL-iJl Jp u^jU t^-jLi <_iVT U^j '.jJU-y 1 

(78)cJ^J) ^1 ^ . JlaSJI j, jrt j^IJI c? ^ pri ^ «yUl £>% 

Jl auCjp ,U"jj '«-^j *{/»- J^-l Lij^jjfi tp >£/• ■&**■ ^-v"' t£*^' 

OL-jiJI Jtfli <5J^jj t£J ,j«j^J Oli n£/>-l iff ^*j .Jlsil! ^aMaj .A>-jj 
_^ aJ[ w» tjjj-**--^! J* j^-S'-J {jfy~* )y\ *lapi/l c)T <^lj li f-L>iJI 
fci-»- i5ydl v_Ji J J^j tU5L*-l Jj iiW- 0L~* «^jUi*-I >r <L-jli ^c-< 
j* uJ> r j» *w lilli sLidl JULi Ujlpj .jl^JI Jp •+•*;!> '^l/^ 1 Off" 
jtfi ip^ oiyJI Jp (»-f^|j (♦"V'^J #.tJLP-"Vl Jp J-*^ 't^* 1 ^- <tfL— > 
jL-j tf-Uai-il U j-LL ojj^- cJjxJI *^- ca^UII ajt]^ UL^ .1^ I^JLil jJI ^ 

•^" 4 ji;J' Jl Cj*" *^^ t^ J-^J* 4 JJ^' a* V**' ^ W* 1 ^ (^ pr^ 

C* (* < >*^" 1 ?*■ ^ «>-*■ f asl ' WaJ, <J^ ^^ ^^ ' oLi ^ Ji ° U ' 

l-ifl? j^* t^^o- (^ y «^>-l AJl^w4 i^.,./j't 4jyt Jjuj .4iJU^ <^JL!I ^^ol; ^"U* 
,3;Uifl (1J^m1>- *J *I*-j 01 iiaj^i COft-S' 3iy» aJ ^Xj ijl^ (^JUI tjj^i; ^-U«» 
lilySfl *^Uai ^--^ cC«L^ ^jl JU{ viUi Jp pdi ^y-^ if^y ^ 



321 



J*-jl c^-li *£U Jp x^. yj^jti J^l ^ C JL#«H dlte JL.j .AJUii 
U iijUil^a^} J y», t ^> iiyvi Jfl iJUJj J^A>N (79)^1 
^-** bf-b -t^ 4 - 1 P -1 j*j 4<UI -^ <^V ^^ j^j ttJm^JJ (80)^7 

j>- JiSfl Jp l^JsL, j! L^Slc Ojll^ L. ^JUI ill^l £jJ\ ja ij\JN\ »Juh 



.411 \* ^ rj tOl^-l jlH tfly (79) 
.jjUII X* <^V>» (80) 



322 



j/» 7*-^* t a •/?"..' V| IpP -kyji ^[j td)L-v«»UJ l ya£) 4^^ 4-jJ1I «JLa 

AiJj Jw^-j i>-jJ i^P ^yujl Jp ^j^JJaj O^P lf"5^«j ■^W?' (*-*JLp 

^1 J 1 ^; jj^ £>* b* -^^ J$** y=^j ^j- 3 ^*^j w ^Jjj ^i» 

O&L. J^l <Jik£ V .^-^1 <~M Jy // y 'i>-jJ Jp <-^> : >« Ja£ 

JJ~I JaI ^ OjUUsj .jh-SUj ^Jb'l^ j OUJ; J*T Jlp.| ^ iU! 



£i" .<_jb£3l j^^ ^Sjj l^^^ dyl^i\ jJUI OlSL- Ub S^T ox. 
^AJ cjKJ tJriJI *«*- ^ Ol~J; ^ ^^ <_> juj Jp J^JI J 
Jpi V^» UJj ji^j **-j* Sr* v^J Jp ^r->U^ ~up ^ -4 Lj Lcai 
<5>jJ-Ij t^U^ij l^lx*- JT jI^j .U^p jJUj ^ixj hrji ^y^j iLtyi 

bj^ ] ^^1 & -f^ 5^ lp- J^>~~ r ^Uil ^ MP Jp tij/Jg 
U Jp l^ OJI) Nj .5*^ Up ^1 L- J^ .UftPj OUl: Jl ^Jl J^ai 



j-J-l >! (2 



323 



Jp Uy-j U^i y^ Uw. aL* Jp Njls j^f ivsU SjUJ jl ^ISJ 
.^1 ^ ^jjJI ^ ^U, J* lAU*j J^ ^4-1 l^i>j .^ 
JU-i jjhi tjcij jp. ^jkj .xii; ^y ;bL- ^ ^Jbix. 4JL5 ^ jj i^isLi 

Jli^l LJjij^J jvA^P Ul tfj^Jjj JyU-l apIiJj t^Uiioj (3)^31 Oj^L~y 
^Nl Ua J, .Nlfcj ^U. ^d, 5^-J.j ^ jjip! ^>j tv^i J-a. if 

^-Ul LJI^iT If mp' l t ^Lo cJj^il jjdl pjif ^j 0A1 Jp I^ISL. 

aSj ii^Li ^*^J ^-j^-UaJ ^UP ^j ,jj~> AX^aiS- jvP uUS' d\j j^j^I) 

.U^p i^.jj 0?^} ui^ J^j ^» ^^ Oy°j!? ^j- 5 ^r^ l/^ (J^ V^f 
Jj ^jL- Jp cujj .l^L. ^a Iplaul jtS'l aj t^UJl ^j igliil i^jdl Ui 
It^wj .h~*J-\ £>UJl AiJb Jp ^jI oli jIj*-! l^ Ja^ .OjJ^- u^r Cv. 

cjIT #(t J, |V I.,..,„J (^JJl(4) ( iL 1 , J ^£Jl jl?UJI Lu t^yJI Ja viJJU^j t y^- 

0?*#J ~&rjZ IjZS- ^i\ Jp l^i^i o-j^-Uaj J*^ .(f^JiM J jUJI u5 *— J 

5ii^l -ujjJkl Ul .l^p (jJlS-i y^pj isrj^ Ctf^J l5-^-1 J*j ^» 4iJ-i 
<ulj jj-^adl Wb Uj 4*li l^ c&S' <*J> ^ SjLp ^j j^*-** ,-PJci 
W j*ry -OU-^aJl ^ Hfj J.U- l^ fUj Jl 5-iUJl ^ OlT ^ til^Nl 
-u*i JUli 5^i CU^ O^"^ 1 1>* ^^ J^J oi Oil j^ Aai &tf Jp Ol-yiil 
V y ol^Ll dJUj j ojtfUJi v!^ C^ C^ J^ 1 1>" ^' ^-^ ?^ 

V^^lj jift^' U-Wai O^Nl ^jj t5j*- 5jJJlil tJjt> j JLiiCjj .iLiJl O^JLo 
.dlii ajU. Uj OjjJIj ^-J]j J~*J]) <-r^' i>* (n 5 ^ ^JJJ p-r^i* ^J 
^jy^Jjj olftUJIj (j-Jj^Jlj oW-j*-dlj \j*#£-j Ol-^Jj ^ jU^I \J[ i^Xy 

C^-Nl ajUoJI ^ jjSSj ^^aJI SOp j^ i*x^j 2upN|j >»lfil *^»li A^all 

01 &~ ^ l*A\ o-X V 1 c^ 1 Jhj •^^ , ^^ J*^ ^ ^* (Z 31 
Oli yVI j^N i^f«J •■^!>^ u-J*^ W— «i t>*V*-Jl J-s<aiil ^ \^ \£jj. 

isu ^ruij (3 

324 



C-L-. If 4 s " Vl ^ fjc 11 g^J - s ^ «JIp J* j^yul k-^i-l j *UiSll 

.dDi Jl SjU^I 



J^P ^j^.U-1 Lajiil 



a*-~- 4-^p ?t--i lU* - l) OjJ-^ j I jlUI Olx~- UUj ifJL* iUjJl* 

-Ota J^p ( 5 \jdr* ^ *l*A>- A*I> ^tlP" •"- ) lr fc J J* t^^* *~* tJ* i_s*J ■^""i^ 

(i .fU-l ^ Nl Oj£j ^ l^M iii^ Op I^JU^Vj opjj U ISI ji«jJ^ «^i3lj 
j,\ J^»j Jij . U ^JI ja liy- j^J-l Li* ^SL- Jp Ojj^ M jyJLII 

j^ U*>\iaJI jyj (jlS^ .(jLvJj Jp Jy«.l UJUP V-Ul oJLa Jl (6),Jl) .iJl 

ts*J lt "^i>' ^^ i^**^ *^~* ^-J^ -^j*J ^S^i)' o^ - & tX ^I^ A*^' ^* 
C?yfy ^ 4^»-> Jij^J **iP \r^- &ti -^p W*V tX?^^ J*^ ur^ 

^^ ^oLJl J*ai)l 

U^ °J^iJ -** 1 ** o^ &J ^ ^W>l j»-^ ^y*--! ^1 ^W > yf l^ 
\cH (S^Tp-li ^* **^-i ^1^ -la-Jl LU ^ OUdy j^\ ^JtSfl 

oy-i a** (6 

JiJ 4 (7 
JjUp (8 

325 



! -i?j * £?* '** ** ***" ^ ■**" ^ b 0>J ^ 

1^ S.^Vf ** ^ ^ ^ ^' ^ ^ ^ 
^vt*-^ ^ * ^ fW> ^ U ^ ^ -^ ^ 

is ^. ^ ^ ^ ^ J -^ > ^ ^ 

j ^)i ^_ aids} tL - ^ ^ 0jUtf j^j, ^ ^, u, ^, 
***** wss r-W Uoj ^. ftUJaJ| _ r >g ^ uii j^., ^ u 

.U^p iiji ^ l, ^j 



*U< jl*. j^,l, ^U jV,I, ^ r jS/jf, oU_U ^1 (9 

w ~--i J (10 

l*-« lSjIj (12 



326 



^.j Jp ,k-/ll j>J\ J»-L- Jp iw^ a*1j a£a Jp OUj^l Ub 

^ 0>j Jl ^j\y Jp dUi -Uj JiJ yjJl £*UJ» aL.U Ujjl ^ j* 
^-j- 3 Jy^j al>' J*j ^ ^M 3 Oyol? «*v 3 *r^ l^"' J* l/j^^ ^ 

JbJLi Jlp J~»- L^ Ja-£ tL^Ja^ jAjCo S^wa Jp ^Aj .U^P aLJO Jy"#J 
Up U SJbJLi aj^s*j Vl Aioil Jl ai> *lijifl ^S S/ d^ Sjy^Jlj jU^/l 
JL-iJi ip- ^ U -^j^ 1 ^— j y~* j^ Jc*^ ./ W" Ol^j Jir^ j* 

iLu»l JO«j Ipj 'iC^A' l)LpJU OLhj^* OW-^ J^-jJ tj***-^' 2"|y , l kv^" 7 ^r*" 
Al* (iljaii v*} . .-JUL; ^«— <• j ]^>JlX^* WyJ Ji>- oUaJb .j*^ di?*~-Jl J^**^ 
t-^ jj~J\ iSj^t jSj J -^rji ^V J<*J -^r^l> -*•£ ^i- 1 ^ Jy~ Jj- 1 ^ 
JLw (^JUl ^^fl ^)\ j OLt r-^ Jjj-jj tf t4^-l oJjfc JT A**j j>-\ qa 
1*1 .pJUl ^^Jl c-s^j <^JJI OlS^il <Jj ai-aII u-Aj Ji-,1 ^ d^ij i U* 
J| L>-Ul Ipj . UUJl ,^Sw L^ d\j^S" OUj^* OW^ V^^i* iij-^l J^*^ 
OjljL>- J/^ tj^' *Lp- (V* /r^*" *ii-^' (C*^J ■ < -r J }^l 4^ jL^ 01 4ii Jill 
^ai h .^xJl rV«l LpU- ^-^So" hojA r-LI <*jjI ,^-^-1 LLLj t^oS jJi 

tiJUi^LxJl C-Jji y^j _*kyL)l ^rtJ;U (*"^ J> " l *-^ > ~ t^?*J 0"* ^>*^ *^* ti'J* - 
• ^ 5jia>- 4j\^- Jju Jp JLp U>- t3^i 2^4- 1 oJLA (Jj O - ^ 1 ^ fr ^ $ t /" d?~ 

IfiiUll Oj^-V. i]/"Vl fr Ur Ujlp IS oS jSv ^ .«-ryt^ v~L; ^ iiijll 

AjL^^J v_jJl Af- JyS^S\ t^JLiLi AliJll oJLfc CJ)ls<* llj .JjO L*_i (^l*v 
C^ill Jl <j «^jij Jjk^-1 i\jii y^\ JUi}Jl diL* J^jL* /»i Japl J^^J 
i>U|j ♦^-ij^ t) LaJl>-Ij iiijll aijb ^UcXsl Juaa; viJj ij t55^LvJl >wjL*J- 
aJ"^ aJU- O^j 7-Lj^I AX-^lc AliJll dJUb Jl Jjia-vVl Ls>j llj .L;* A-*L>- 

Ijopj ^jU aSIc^ OI^aj ^ j^Aiiw-lj ^-.J| ^UJI JsJ-\ lJU^I ^ SjII 



327 



Jp 01 Jl p^-ijy jP djJ~A\ £j»-jS£ (ij .*JJlil ^P £UjJI J-^ai alii I ^ 
(iji ljJL*-^» Ji ,,_g..,^«j Olj fr^LiJl ^ \f\*c*\ Ji ~r\ Ijlj \lj tOjJU^Jl 
.*CjAI ^ l^ijlj ^ IjkU-Jj 8d>-l} 4JL* j^JI \yrj>- oJil Jp IjiycJ Jj=M 

CftJUl ^Ig ^^aJl jSLo OjJI 

^>* J*" Ji^ U~^ -Ai/* **** <i-^^J 14£*"J 4jL-~ >•_} t^jJl Ap <^j 

J1-&I ^1 ift-l^ jJLjjjJiJI J>Ip ^Ji\ jS^a 0>vJI ^U cois 5 ^ 

iSXij l^L'Uj oJlil ^U- 05j .frUJl ^ XU- -ui ii,Li J^aJl iia^\j 
j Ij-XL- ^y> j£Jj .JjjJ-l ^ *jOC t^UaJl ^ IjJjj l^ OjJLil *ib} 
jJJi c5^ .-4 <J»Kll ^Jlil J»j 4-Ja>-j jc-waJl J A^Ufll ^>-l UiJL. **lfl 

i>-j=i. ajloII j^L" jvJo'VjIj ^1 — 4 Jj^iP^ f%~zJ)l\ J^» J* OyJLilj 

i^U- ^J 01 -bo a^L^P f- j+?*£ *^J j^Jl FJ*-\j .4-*JaP 4^-UP J (t-*^ 

^vajl II* j& fj^ Ob <lJp j^o- jJiJl j^j tj»^pb« *^Pj f-^Wj ^y» iJ^ 

*-f*jU*j J\Lit« t5;ls<aJl Ijlj llj toU^I ja AjUU rt-*MPj l^U*- j^Jl ^-y*i 
JU* j j^aj^-Uj dUli* J^ ^Uaxp^/I Jl pjbjja^a\y *#>■ JT ^ ^yvU 

^1^ o*\f>- JJ Ol Jl L^>«-i _j->^o ^J-JUj .^L»jiJI j^ j^ aJ cJL- 
if>A cJl^ .AjlS^4 j c^ll Jljj <u^ ajUIp Jb-I <£\\j5 Ol Vj) efJifC 
V^JJ in^* v^* - ^* tX Oj^JLJil ^Ux^l Jk5j tp.*>tJl ^ ,xxp IjJ oU i^-iii 

.aJUp Jl l^« iW 

^•y^ ^s-r* (13 
328 



~^j 5iL~. l^Uai" tJ^-UJl Jp OjJL^Vl Jl^LJl Ub irai o> 
DUj^JI -X$p Jp ^" CJlT .t-jiJl if*- jij&l ^^11 ^ J»-lj 

Jy'jUj i>-jj SjJUP ^1 jJP *2> .^-i *-^k t/ 3 *^' W~*iJ •^.A^' -j' 

jjjlj Jjjj! C^Uj oLLlivJ.1^ ^jUUj JbrLJJj iwl^l oljl>Jl l^ 
j>J>\ -f- Ji*J V .i--Jr" *-^" Ir^-^-j V^Jlj *W' ***]; W^V tX 'Stf 5 *^' 
4*13 O^-y .^Pj J-3r Jp ^. ft^ ajj J$~J1 j* V^ O^' (_fV J-^ ^1 
i^jjl jj~JJ ^ij]y j^f" *-^^ ^~" f"**' <£j>~\ **^* ^"^J 4 <_M~' t^i <Ujs<a>- 

ciijJll Jp (-^j Jor- <jy ^1 (14) i ^ SIi i?- Jjt-jj Sjla>- tjJl J|^4 JU^_ 
l y^\ LUj .^Jl *^» Jl 4JS~ ^\J\ ,Jul£u«j 01 o^l ja Je>\d\ JlCly 
O^p <lAp jwi Dj a*>Jj LLs>- UaJLl -kJL* ,jijJjl>-l j**"j i<1)UL*p 0\*Ju>- 

t^w-yl djL^A il)l*4-l (Jp 0^»jlS t)L*w»Jj jv« j l^ OK' t^li "-"JIt" '^ 
«ij l*U^ JU-I C-JD aJLaj tj^^Jl^- iJ (^^=J A^Uy^a*- ij JoCj [^UpI 

</" lHj*^ Cr* JJ 1 ^ 1 ^' 5 -^ ^ «b p ^ 1 *^ 1 ^ ^*5 

L-jJVj Aj| /V aJl i!)Ul J^]^- -Ui» A^4 t - J |2>^ jti^^i Olx*Jl ,/a*i O^l 

JsljSTj iij^j aUL. (15 
329 



jv&l ^-,11 U**» fUll ^^ ^ Li*j ' 5 jj^ O^b u-J^' ^ J^lr" 

.l^L^* ^1l*- ^Jl OL*j j;p i-Up *■ 

0£j tjLli t^i j^jJlj OjAJI «^Sj ( <>JaP t^ ^i^ d]^j jjd 5JUaii? i-J»i*-l 
fU j^I ^^11 oJL« JtJt-l Ua *^»b .AJViii £>U j^ MP Jtw^-i IJjk t) 

£. jii oS olT j^3l ^1 J-Ip oSf iJLli .Uiyu OtT If J^-l jjiJ! 
jv.t l-^LJ- vV^ ^WIj J?**^ J* uyjli y*5 (i8)^vJL-ij ( 17 >(^^c 

il3i Ojj^JL; y^* Wj . «— -»Jy^a-« APy« tj i^Jli.1 aJ yjL*o 01 <Jp tOL^Jj 

#v Jy jvp t) jJl J,l J-^j Ai «mp S^& uK} tjtJL.1 J*y i| JU"NI 

5^1 ^iJ-l dAl" Jjjy OyJLAl t^fj Uj .*JUU JjJaJl Jt OL»j Jl fJtf!) 
,^-Ul j^ LIS MP t£j^ ijJill Js>-b ]^aJLsA ^j t^biJ SJL^ij i*i:> V^ 
UU £01 Jb-f Jp l^j l_^N! I^aU* J^UJU 4~*ji\ 0->^. JUJLPj 

i^ Oji^x^o s,i> o^u«xJ *-*>• ^i 4jL-ji js js?£Ji ts^A' J- 4 ^ - ^ y^ 

jib -X5j .Lj^JU-" ^^ r^*^ f^*^]? ^]r*J jy^-* *^1 J-*^ j^' 
u>Ja)\ ^ oJdl jl^l jLJ J*>LJI *^»wj ^JL-I ^ mp s^Laj Jbi;l50l 
OUj c$;UaJI Uji>--5j .U^r-jU- OjJbrjj «^*JL-II l^l^w« OK' \^ j>- a" 

4>jL« CJl^i (4;Ls<aJl cJ^LJUj -Jhj odi-\ ^ JvJL-dl j^-Uj tS^ i«jlL« 
Jjij 01 Jl*j J^-l (j O^ix* 1^ cU j^ ^* Uj .uxJLJlI ^ ^JaP 

dk>iil ^ SUsJl yjax-o { lA^i\ j *t^j t^-Ls-JLl i,iUi LUiS3 t<Ji3l jb 

v4j (16 

!jj^l (17 
^ U ^1} tfsfill ^* (18 

330 



LJlA JUy .ciVl iwj JlxSJI Li* J Oi*^— J-' (J* Ij/*"' J* ^ i>* jap ^ 

0>j Jp S,U ^iJl jLji OjJl K>- UU-l <J1 jLojl£M A* ^}\ 
«JL* J 4?U-yu; jti-L) 01 (^ '-r^ *^^ dJJUJ 0fc>3 .3ju>- IL*U- a*^ 

(21) t UpjJl -b-l oOPjy c^iil J <^ fc)UJi (20)jv.l 0&j .AJiUlj Lj,» 

4^ L.UI ja 2l!L-j dL^j ^ ySl\ LU 5-uJI jlpI 01 ly .SjjSjLII i^Ull 

t) Lw. dJJi OlT .Oj^-T 0>~>*~~* s^fj (22)^^1 oAf I If oiUi} Jp 
01 Oji J-,; ,_^p j-3£ t^i yj oUj .o^j; a53** A«u us4»*s-J>l OH 

(23) ft b| ^ jjyj Q&J OL^UJ 4JL»Jl» <j«i]; M^a jIjCU-I 01 JL*oj 

a1^ U ciiJi .Ol^j oJL. £» Jl ^lja» jfJpLl hj_X. Jp Ulj jU 01 JUj 
•ilLUj O UlU (25)^^1 OIUJI Jl IjIlUL !>U*t (24)ojJj ^ 01 Jp 

If iui & ^ c > j.b*S/i dii; & .(oyuii) o>-i ^iJi ^^ 
a* ^V <yJ° $ jy J 1 ^cfo -J^A iiii ^p cjit a^l- oi*t»l 

^sH Jj^ (19 
y^.(20 

A ^ (21 
itL^Sl. (22 

aU-jll juy 411 jlp, jilill Jus- (23 

^-u ^_- C24 

OL-V. (25 " 

331 



i*L»JI jJU OLf (^JJI JijjJ OL^- ^j coJi^ fe-f OLS" <26> t ^.^Ji/» 

aA- jLJ\ cA^j UJL^j . JapSfl OUaUl 4> yt Ol Jl fSU-l. J-S-.I Ji 

Lcj L^jj ^1 a^x. ^JL*, tf \iS\ jL* l*>} 3 &\fi\ ^y^MSJ^ti jJl 
oJu* jL^t Jj^x) .4-i^- jjjj** yW ji^j «->* uy ^ ^ j Ctf "^ O* ■*# 
J ^1 U Ofe$ 01 4&LU Jl ^Nl ^ r li (27)01^ J^U Jl ^SJ-I 
^ r U f to^jj SjJI, y*M J-y 01 V-* UU» (28)1^^3 ^U 

^juii jJT ^^jj .*uA* u; <^j ot£* J& o^j ^ ^^ 

^ Jl ^^ ^ lij .OJLII jLJL^: A^UJI jU^ ^SSL C~^- Jr Ji jr; 

ji lu i^ $- ^i ojJi j (^=31 j-^ a^Aii CJ u ^syi o^^* 

01UJI r l aUj ^Jll »J* > i^l ^-A-SJ ^ l LUi 4 j&j 0>j 

bLi ^ otr c^jji ^ ijjui ^y ^ *l s>*-J» 3 ^ r^ 1 

t(y -J,l J_^- /UJl s^h oa ^^ ^ *** ^ -J*^ 1 ol ^ cK 4 

0AA ^ ^ c>Jl Jl /I— J» 5yj jU^I £, Jl AiT iU3 tfJ, 

r U ^Nl ^^h i-«»^l c& J^. 6^ J ^ Jl ^^ ^ i ^ , 

.0]^j J Aki]^l ol^JI 

^Uu^» jp oy»j ^ $** ^S 

juyi jll ji ^*i, cgi^-i Ji o>j ,>u > ciiySM ^>^i iij 
cjk' jji oi -&&s ^Jb jj oi ^j 4-teMi ^ JW^^ J^ ^ 

^ _,> ^jU J>NT ;u~, «juc 01 ^1 ^J^ & ^ t-^ *i^i ^ 
^pj ^u/Jl 0Q' t^» o.Jl. Jp ^%^N^ j4-i Ui>-i i)Sl (^x^ 

^.(26 

^J^ 1 uy^ (27 

^— Li .j (28 



332 



Up 4iilj oij cSjUp ^ iiyS/lj aJjUNI OyXJ-1 ua ^ ^ $j*3 f^ '^r* 1 

[£ J^^ Oj^Nl ^UpSII 4>> ^ >JA:I </>; ^>l ^ (29)^ 
J^ tj^Jl SJ^Cj: U*tf Upj ljja~ (I vV^!) ^M/^ &£ Cr* £*rS J* 

jJUi- d~£ OUJy yjj4-l o> oy ±f ^.aJ U ^ JUU i^pjy 
oV .«W> S&fj ^Jju^fl *%J ^ ^ *~j ^ a^ ^ a-^ 1 c>* bap 

£j .vl»k- J^- -U^ aJL j^Ua&i" JU? UL. ^^ J^J oU-tAil Jj^ 

J J^i Ju-^ Oj^j- Jl J-*y JImJ *s^ Jl W^* '-V' 1 (^V 1 f^ 1 

(1 ^JJl •yJL ol^>. cj^JI ^1 jUi^l Uu» A*!j .^Ull cjJuA), %-Sll 
^ <^Jl j,> ^p j^JU" 01 >xdl ja d* il toySlI ^ \jLA 

ja g^yi j u jf j^w i^j jljjih til jj> ^* v^ oi^>* o^L- 

^xjo*! /^mj U,yij fr\f3-^l -Wiaj ^Ui-v« |^L>-i diJiJj co-W?ll« 
OlT U-y -**^1 *^ u^ 51 ^ ( 3 0)yl^l oJL. ^U- yjpf J5 \j> % tj^-^L-j 
4(n Jl l^ c^tr ^11 ji-Jl Jjvy u^ ^l^ 1 dr* ^^ ! (/> ^r^ 1 
y-S")/* i***^ ifr*\ ^fyr J^j ol^vai 4-5J-* ^yL- wjl jjj» Oj-UUio ^ li} 

^LJl dlij 01 i| 44^wJ 4a»^ 4^«-XJ dUi 0^ -J^"' ^-^ ^* t3 ^W 
^oiLiJl i>1..aI« (31)5ft»w3 2L«Jjljl 4J^J^« "w-^ -^ 4*^-1; lUo 4_5^XJ) 



J^JI 01^- (29 

j-tok J> ^ l jU ^ (30 
JL. (31 



333 



aJUJl ^ oij . JL-SU v-U 5^ Ajlir ^JLii o»5 .^UaJI ^L~ Jl 
^J J 1 f^fr)\ ^UpI y*u ^|j ^ o^ 4 J>^ Jp ^| ^Jbf 

j* 0l& Oj^Nl W .j^-JJl y. ^j^xJLl w>yJl oLU* y*^ ^-U pi, 
J&J Jh oi/^1 j* [^ u Jp £L~N], fUx^- jUi J^oJI ^.Ij 

If ly^£- JJ^\J l^ |yo-^j t*hJl J Ojy^U ^>- uiJJi Jbijj Ob^ 3^>Jl» 
v*wii fUx_ yi a^Ij ijjUl ^ yy U J^-j ^^ ^^ ^\} Jp 

i^y. ^>ii ^^a^j iiy^i ^ *jai\ j^b ok" ^ ^yj ^li ^^ 

t^ i^J-l j^Uvlj t«j>-bJl ^1 \jjau^>\ 01 yJ Uj i<J^L^aJl ,y~>- i*-U" 

JUjj .Ajpl J-«U- Oy^V-' Oy j>* <^ 'j*^' <3^» ,* $-/»*; (ji—jj t*^-*^ 

Uj .dIJJb ^»l aJ^ jJl*aj 01 Oji *J>-U ajM Aj^I jU^>- iiU* ^J ^o J>- 

^« y>r^>- Aj>± 0^j ajUJI j^I AiiJill ^Ul o,x—pj v^-olixJl /i-^ cJUs»_j 
.ill; f.{£\j .jjlJI oL-> oL^> *U;I 5;jLil s-^1? O^* jW^-' OUapl 

^aJ-l v^jpki xiUJU Oi^' ]y^3 tr^***. ^*-£- (J^^- J& *y^-\ efc 5JLJJI 

kl^i ( >-JJ liT Jpf cJJLiJI ONI ON jvjS' jjJlJ U jC jij 4,^1^1 jy* 
1^ IT *JyMl ON OJllI jl^N iU- ^j i^V; (34)5UJ.I J.L-J; ^y AjJlpL^. 

jb ^ jb -^ Ojiixii yK' aij t^Up*iU 5^-i^» i;\^l Jl«j y^^ dl3i ^Jp 

^VJI > ^J-jf (32 
Oi^UJI v^jT (33 

334 



wJ,, 0^ JJJI r Us c)j .wJl^ O-v V 4J ^Jl Jp &?Ji\ (35)Jb f UU 

*j»j ii, Jill iU]f O^olS y]pU ijJLt iiyi OL jJ-l Aib Ujlp IJbJbr Uj^Jh 

• vJt>-_jjl iUi J A^a^ij OS' y]>J-l oJbt (36)J,U Jl Jp iV>\p IxXiCa 

viJd; j* iiyty j»ji; 0j£> of jou^Ij a2jl4-i djuu J^w*. ^l cJj£Ji ^£Jj 

OVj (37)«jJj ^1 U£aj .jUa^-l p^P 1^0 c^UaJl PU^L; ^Xj- *UaS jP- 
-^iLi?- .Jui^oj jyJLidl J-bijI j^ V^T^ J?~ t)W/' ,_/**; Ar^wiJ v**^! 
AjOj\j «JUf 01 4i* ^-Uiy «-Ulj Jl «Ur|;il ilp ^.^1 iLto- Jp jJjil vJ»3j lij 

Ju jija>^i aU-i dJ^- oil juiiJi ^xl (ij .jI^li i.i*i Ji s^Ji 

-XP tj iJj^JIj t^j^r* rt-r' (J* 1 hs*\ -^W*^ ^Z 2 *^ 4**J fljJj j>Sj .^Up jI 
£ >r A jib J dUi 01 j^U-tj .{yUU r Sfl yb. ,1 ^ ty ^1 jjLJi 
JSCi l^-Jj UJUl dJULr J Japt 4iT ii)i cjojj ^ o b; U^t il>J^ 
U-j JJUl (Ju^xl* Jjuj c^jjlJI ja ^»jj JjUaJI ^y Ol* 1 ^ V-^ s- -^* 
jl ^>l yLI J* ^ 4? 4Jl ^^ ^^ 0]^>. Jl 4f I, 1^ *£,£ 
jJUl jfi*i— «j ilJ^Ml 0^/ 0*iJ;l 01 ^^r^ ^-^ *-*J t^ba^Nl J ^^^11 
UjJi Jl kill J iiLJkl *Ja5 ja j>^-i (ij -(n?^ lirP"lj jn^' l^ 5 ^ ^ 
r-L^[l ^ Jl JiyJl Jl J^JLI jks^ij C~Ja* Jli *iLdl A>-t <U«p 0^ 
oi i^L^Jl ^y^ OlT Olj o/Ll i*kill »iAl; jp J^Ji ^j Jb'Uil 0^ 

Oi Jl iUll JT ^^JaJ ^^ l^Sji ^4-^ j^b J^r" t3 V*^ y*vai 

jLjA-l jl^i ox-s^JI dU; Jl ^u-l OlT j}, -.l^Lisri Jl *Up^L ^iJJ 

Jl 4-*£Jl jvp Jp <^- ai j^.^/1 cj15Jj v—^ 1 ^-y t) d\J-jA Jl 

OlSL- jjL ^ OjJb-Nl J>-j o! Ui .,3^1 J >-lxJI v_--«j L^Ip c-*ij 



(3 5) 

w»u jh»> (36 

yrM 1 J& ^1 (37 



335 



ft^JilU ^>JL5 o^l yuj\ dXJJJj t^Jill til Jl^JI jJUail y» i^Jdl j* 

dU» t)j 4*t: -U-l Ji (J UaJl 0^ f^W-^> j*\)t -W~^jl js* t) |yw^" 
*s*-li j* u-^Jl frW-j JL^-li ^ C^W* ^V^' ^frW d^-iJl ja JU-I 

iijiaii i) jit ^JJi pjkojtt jls ^ ^UjJi dJUij iiuji/i Siip g> ijjUi iSjA 

^yi\ j* *> ^ U <Jp jyU-j t>ull i^-lji IjaJ^j ^r^J s-A*i ^ 

Ji yp (38)s^^ ^ j* jp yw ^jjUi iiySfi j-^ *w\fi dii; c)j 

Ol^4-l *^#? j^ ^UaJl ,/j~>- ^^^4* 0L~Uj y y-Ji jjJJI J-^JJ 'j^' 
. ft U^ J^a*% ^yM ^ ^Alj U ^wo Jtylill Jp OjjJUL. ^ OjC> pjy 
cJUxil 01 (^jUaJl 3L.UJ j jj} \J O&J tjl^l >-T Jl dlUT ^.Vl j^JU-lj 
c^JLu>- JtfL^- ja JS*\ jUl dib J^]j *x)U\ ^a\j> ja JiJ U <J5 jUl 
01 ila>- jj^Vl Jl cJl U jtfUJl JUkLi Ujopj . jV"^ 1 s^ ^-^ V 15 ' 

jj~\^0 i-*yU0 (^ Ojla^aJJ Nj (JJj>> yS- ,Jp Oi*i}* i-i"^' -k~-j <^}/^= -^rl 
u_— ij «:lu} ^ j£-*Zj ,& yd\ jjp hy <*^r. fy*i Oi i)/ t jUi3l «_~J,J 
jJoJl olf I j Uijai. lUUU U J^j 4—_/ J»y-j .*^y?r f&d ^}\ Ci^Jl 
•u-xj o! Oji U^J jl OV> fciUi J*i .U ^aJl iiW- ^-j^a)^ : <J^ j^j 
J>o JjJu^j .S^jJdl J^b fr\^*i\J iJjP^ Oj^ilJUj ]}Uaj |l ^4-1 01 Jj .A>-l 

Jjj v 0^- Ji 4*mJ 01 Jj tJ^laJl Jl 1;]^ A»^l JLiJ-1 J]^-l Jp jAi 

j^ j^l 4^">^ \c$A OlT (^Jjl ^i4-l J^^V -U-Ui 4SZj <3j JA AjK^j LiU 

Lj c-»pL^? 4j\d cjK* to^j*^ fLi*^ L*lx« oU* «u«iUJl c-JLa>- 1 1* Olcv*** 

*15j . Jl^Jl j^ jjj&I iA>Jl dJJi j*-^ dlU 01 Jbw Li»WaJl ^ AijJtil oJUb 
^j>-j C-ij C?j-w (j^uC k t-b^J.1 t_5 < *^=!- ,j»-*J 4^11 i^L>-J tji^' <-^J^' 



^U31 J* jLjl 5jU ^C (38 
336 



1<U~A» tf *jUj jl JjU- (^JUI fljJj Jp ]}^J S^Oil J* iJ]^ j 1 J^l ^y>- 

LiL OL^ fli If-i; iLUl dJU" i)j .^ IjiN jjJJI ^Ll^fr Jp i^ If 

Ja JLvai; iiOll Jl Jj>uJl ^ 4-J^Jl ]j«iC ^^to- v-j^j *l Jp (j-J^-l A-^y 

.<jJ,ls*Jl <Jl~>- J* aj^li \il ^Sjj >UM ^ l^lj U Jp t\p~ c^-Vl 
-CJj^L L*Jp ,»-*yLi j^ jj^o? Hj tt^UaJt ^ iS\£\i ^S\ *-Lo OIj j>|j 

Ajb j^-1 Uj (^IaJI J^t- *tfli jp c*»«Jl aJL JL LiUI j>t liJLli o*y 
4^- JL* £ («pUi UUx^-J «^ ^^0 <dp ^pJb j>l wbrwJkL ^iij ol« 
oAi Jl l^a^* LiUl ilpj -^Ir*? i^ *)W aJ C~«JIj ttiji ^iil J^ ajJjS 

.<j&^ 3jU£ I^LaI iLiu-l} J\£-\ 

f Uj^pj .o^ ij*f Jp I^L. ol JL*JI <>• «^ Jl OK"^ ylj i^^LJl 

•A u-V ^ J*- v^j ( 39 )j^- ^u* ji ^ ^ u jp ^ jr 

£ «J»-jJl OjC N Of J^i Jp dilii «Jtplji L-^S"L^ aJp Uol. 

I «^l UUl jX^f t^-l ip- ^j .J\£\ 1±X» t) £*Li y> If (40)^^1 

,U«il ^ s^p *' £* ^ ^fc- y i-jr^ i$ «JWj ^«i Ob O'u^J; J.Ip 

oUil J> A*. -JjL-l A^-yJ S\ (41)j^Jl j^i yj (* tOl^j Jl o^l 

01 <dp vsrjsj Lc 1^.1 ^JLJUa Jbj^- vlu>. jjjji ^ r Jl Cj\/% ^U-oJI, 
^ ^p ^^ U-i t) Ujilp jS^i-! oJL. Jp (42}}UU ^^.aJ 01 jouj <4*A> 

dlJUAj tjMix«w« oJit lw»l5 j$**j ^y iJU— >-j tJJl #Ip (^U ^^i 

l j yl ^ i/J ^r-^ 1 -^ **}Ls> yjci i^- o*j Sjljj JUt-j ^ tJVl iu- Ol jv-^JI 

4)1 xp (40 
> ou>« (41 

yf^UI Jp (42 



337 



a*-^: d&" <£J^\ "^i* - >f ^ ^l? ^]^r* d' ' Ur l?iJ "-rr^jj '-ry-^ i>* ■ 5J ^ - 
JL5 Ixj d)l oJLvaSj 0|j*} < -r')ti' Oil; ijl (J,l <uljai* ajL-^s J— yl V"""J l Ji& 

j*~jji)\ OjjJI Jiu?- IfUU- OK' .5-ijLJLl 77jj£-\ <Jp Vv*^" •\/t" i>* 

iil/Nl *^ >-J WsiW-l^ J 1 Ji^> ^^ J** (> cW ^ ^ 

tUp *jIpj*L.^ jl^l «I^J liU» £JLI *b'Sll dJd; £, .JUiil sapj 

JjK-^J Wjl. 0/. j>- j^\ ^>i ,> <y^ b^a ^ J* (H-.l>^-b 
... Ml ja **)& $ jJ\ OlT fc*Jdl «a* Jp v-JaJI jl> L^. * Ua»N\ jjlp 

tlsL^Jl y iJlPj ,j-.l4* *S-**j JjsUl A^- ^ Ol^j AJb-d £)*JaX^ LiUl 

Oji dA- ■ J4 Aj toUL- Sap c~«b c^UaJl ^» oLijb. J di3lx* J^ij 
ob oi CJj^Jl <j»r ^JJl J~i~» ^piJLiil ^^^-j jsj^l ^1 Jj^-t ^Aku-b 
OlS' a^3j 2u/Ll 4jla*- Jj-^»j ^JJUa Jax^p Jiij $.Ua\<Jl (j^^- jf- j_jo ^ 

djuu vUjCji ^.ut jiUi i>^i ok} .a^jlii ^ u^kj» «ju,«ij u^. 

ULJl IJUtf.15 ^>- 5jyLl Jb-f 01 N^ (y>^l A*i^ J^ jj;att c^l^Jl ^-1 
I* \'}\ (^xJL-L Ol/^ I^L»«^L ^J *j£-\ ijzf (J^r^ ^^ l^pj^ £fr;J 

t ^L- d[ <1~~- ijj> ^ |i ,jjL-JI ijN 4^Uai.l APpJL aJI J-^aJ |l 3J>wJl 



uyU ojjII (43 
338 



aJU-Ij ijj j*a\£\ *--} (J ^o jlj \*>p\ J iJ^I i];loJ -u^is J oi^i>- 
.5jjiJ^j (J IjjUt U^>- 0^ c^>-l t ^"J lJUajj t yL- jljail (_£j** .oJL* 

Cr iJl j* U.J ^ ^ OUL JJ\ dyti jaV\ Japl ftUiSfl JJOJ J, 

V^JLo-*r Olj y«lj t L^LiJl^ ^-Ul s_-J>-Uo IftJl^Co 0lSi» W 4*jIj LUIS' 4ju ..Jl 

^ /ni ja*t if .o>j ji uUii j^ oi^Sii ^ ^ u jtrl 

9&*^ O**^ *-^b* <^ \^y- ^ ^^kfej ^^ J 0^*4*^1 j*\j coJlU 
U .Juili vy^j y \J)l\ jJU; Jub- £ .yUJJjj olyftl ^ j£c U jsd 

J^-i?* ^JvlJl j-^- (i^~V: ti\ o^UaII —^j Jp 4j*>L^-I Jbw jy jU» LiUl 

Ojil jUJ- oipr ja iJuu £J*j .j^l ^Jtl OJL. J ( *5^ ! > t^Jlll 

^' j**3 '^' a* tt ^M ^r^ 1 cr <*"-^ f 45 ^" *bj o?^ Ji^j 

Ja~£l JJu^l gAjaaJ JUoij ill/^l ^ J^,l jjUi JL^j .jlp (^ 
I^Uii ^ lj>^ UL-i JI j^^JiJ i jL~4 ^J*^ Ail^ j^X^lj j^i^JL-lj oJLil 

dUL *W ^jUI jj^lI ^i yi j^sl^ J^ju, ^UJl _UL^, ^ .£^| 

iJp ^ ^ c-^ tc-jU U OU^. 4jVI JUi^j ^yJl Jp ^| 
^Jl OUpNI ^ Jp ^^sJl o^^ jUl JiUy £A\ cJ^iu, j£ 
OUa^opU; j dUi v^j clplp 1^ ^ JjluM Jp ^i ^y _ 
fl* 01 JI O^-l J. tjJJi ^ K^il UayJ |lj u^pi ^ OjJu; o^T 
t^UJl 1^1, sj^ yjttj ^^T a^t f+itfu J^ o^ ^^^ LiUl 

&f*\ v-^j .ojii j>.b Ji^i jp ^Sfi c^ o>"U, i^ir ^jji 

C^o fUNl ill" ^j .^Uil apU^ J^wj ^UpI Jp flJlpNl ^ ^JaJl 

J*^ u> Jl ^r^ cjjb^i ^i a^ju. ^ o^3 c^iJi o^jU o>0i 



Ly-Ly (^i ijlj>. OjjJl (44 
j^yT (45 

339 



jt ^li&NJ a^L-l ^ VL~jf- j* Jbjtj 4~kk~i J*U 0U-1I l? 1^=- 
iJoJl iUi Ji-j Jail ^ jijip cSr- v^ J^" ^ W 0U*~iJl iil/^ 1 
^u-| <46)jb»lS jAj toJJdl J^»j >~> 01 &^ liUl j^ij .^^l {£ 
Jl ^Sll <^f jJ, ^ cjj^Jl ^ oJLC j^_ ^*u,j t) U Jlo Ob 
Jb-L lLjo cJjJI oli <j^ .c^»* SjJLr* ^ ^J^J ^ J*~^ J*** h^~*- 

OjjJl *K> ot ^J?! OUNl vJW ^t j4p *~j J^j U^pj .^jw 
J^-j .y*|^l IbJUT 1^1 OjaJI 06" U.UP iZy aj 4*^£ cJl^ ^r^l <1)Ij,U 

01 v!) ^J^ '^ **J W* ^ ^J -^ ^^x^r 5 0-^-' (J 1 ^^ i>* 
j* A3l» Ofr-I ^LJ- oJlil dMl Jb^S/ t /»-o OS" 01 Ail lib ,jwJ- Jji 
OgptT JUJbt ajN iLbc-l J* ^ dJJi Up Wj '^ ^»^ ^^ 4^ 
A>ly OK} t^-l iijA gB j»J» J^ f^" *^ ^" d> -^ V^ 
CJK} .L^» J*p ^ o^ 1 u£~*-j Cj^ij" Cx^y^j *^**" Cf-J^3 k* - 

«ub ^pjb ^jji o&ib j/ni ^„ «j j^3 .oYfy yuiii ^ i*ir 

^> diJi v^ >L^I J*T ,vPj >- JJI ^ V^ o^ 1 °^ ^ U J 
^y ol UiUl /l, Sfr \j jj^\ &>J\ hi^ l^U 01 I^Lt fa ^ 

Uy .jJl l^r tf J? JpI j JuiX. 3j^- s-^»J ilUi ^«y .cg,U*J» ^4- 

^Olt ,_^j ^j^ o*^ ^-^ o^ 1 ^ <$ <£* j& Cf d$ 0* 

.jy-iJ -L-jVl jUM ,>^ ^.A, 01 r _,Jl ^i ^p t3 lr ^U^l tSs^ 
iyli. ^1, *5U-j ^j tUH viXJi j (yt-Al SjUl *IM ^ ^ v iUi y 
^JupI SlJU* OyW- a-U* 1 <^ ^^i tj*^ ^Xr«9^ OK' 0]j aL...;".>.>.« 

..ulpSii uj otr yji a^li j >^Ji &.j\ giv ^t^i 0& ojJi otr 



j^ J-jj! (46 
^^ik^ (47 



340 



d-~- JJil J&A C>T J} A5}«il jl,*^! ^ 4>*jJl C-jK3 cUai. OjAj 

( _ 5 s0 oLsi^^ J-j^aJi ^z 2 *^ o^i/ 4 ^^ <y ly-j^j ^^ ^^ ^j^' 

j>^aS ciJj (jj cr-L^Jl ajIJj J /yr«^l "k^i ^M' ^j -**Jl (y (J (j^S 

jja-^l ( _ s £>- JUiJl J JP — vU^j 01 aJLJI tLij co^i ^ d^M U Jf jlfls>i 
c-j^l Jl liUl ^Ipj . ( _ ? »]ip S,L^ \jxgs d\ M v^-- 5 ^ 1 J 1 ftL^^l 
JLjJUr ^» *^>-U i_JLs<aJj apL- (il^r diJi -^*jj tjj*Jl *uiJ (V^j^ ^*^^ 

SjCjp ^ dik JT C^ (ij .Oi*i-ii 4<jl*Uj iil^l ^-^ ^ ^J i**^ 

.pJ\ vfJJi ^Ju $ gA\j ^>j^\ ^iU, ol ^| ^jUJUj (JL.jUJ.1 <_| jl^Vl 
fr Uj ^a ^^J^ .laJLBft- U!?^ t>* jSl Oj^l^l J^j .jiib Ui5C JJLi-l 

5cs«-^ SijL- Dl^U Oj-lJl <*-iJaJ iil^^i-l 0]^»j J^Ip L^Tj .r-jj^ Oi-^*-^l 
JaJ-l j^ l ^j i^Jr\ tf dy^sj AjUj (49)0Uai l^ Jpj Vjb* **J»y 

t^j 'o^ 1 j^ 0^ "V*^ j^j «Jm« ^j* tyi\ ft j^ \jL*j 

5a^b ^ J «^Lsp c-iljaJl f4iaJ! j^lj>- (£ >k>cJ 4*iU. «^ JUjcl-L ^t 
(J| ds<y oblJ^/l 01 0^ -*^^ oI^Ij dyy^u *Jfcj r>lp (y^ Jb c^ 
cJtS} .^p-UjJl oU Sjup a5^1I c-jIT jJLiJJj vw-Lil ci^Jl j c^UJl 



341 



UjS>" £^1 Jl ft IJLpSfl >*»!, ljJ~\ £ Jd 4& JJS J* ^ (ij tj^Jl 

(ji^LsM j^ Oj^iJl i-^aJL) l^yj ^n^x? tp-$/^' t>* Oi*^- j_r^' <3j* 
r^vb *)^*^~^ <J>j-~Jl ol^^ l^pUawi ~{\ ( j^>~ prji ^ \ji&\~j> ^^ 
.Si oT I^T bo* ^ ^-j i^UU, iil/^ ^ oJ» ^ >1 J3 j\Afi\j 
L-*j il^iJl jLS - -^ oUJI ji-$JI ^yg-SJl *ilJi» Cj^Jj^ij bi C-5y5l ^^-ij (jj 

jA T" fr ^5j .Oi^-jJ ,< $ > » « ^ 9i^*- U ^- 0° (^-iJI WiLJI "—.Jw^ 

a*-U^- «-*j j_^wJIj /Jl^l JA' ^^* y^" Oy^W^ p**> 01 O^i t*i?)p 
j_j*J| ^p OjJ^ {^•'frl'XPi ci»cr Qij^^^ aJ\^—1 ^xJ^ c^yr*Ai ^ aJWj 

U-*^ j^Ji t-jp^ Uj Jl* j^jJI Olj *jV^* <Jl 2?^* ^^ Cf' f**^ if ]y^-^i 
Jp JLpUJ ^_Jb^3l ^^aiw rj/^i <^ ^-— ^ (^ Ocd;^ OjJ^i t^i iy^-l ^ 
<~>j-~Zi 01 j^^ fUaiw-lj A?">tf ^Ij i^4-i tlJ^jl ^ oujl Jsi 01 O^j (*-fr«J^» 
ja *Sl» Ai-»cCj ^Kjir JUlj^i ft-UU O^)^ OjjJl ^jl diJi J\ (Jp) .4^^; 
Sj*r \+Z>J*\ &} ij^~\ ,>i^ j*Jr\ '*Z]3 J£\ l^. ^ Jj^Jlj r- j/-\ 

1A9 



^>i c i^b u^ 1 J Jl^ 1 ^ cPj «**** ^ r^* V^-j j^ 1 
oi^ *u*p ^ **iu ji tW 1 ^ lP ^ ^ J^j oU ^ r**^ 

^J -^ iT r^ ^ ^ *r*J Mf <•**" "-^ & ***** & 'C^l 

jUfj 4,1^ Jb*l, J& o^j yir\j *\yh <> c/*M £jj* fU -vii u&U 
cj/b J^ ^ -^ f 4 ^* Uil ^ <*"** ilL *^ T^. ^ ^ ^ JJ 

j iiyVl >u-l aij .-uJl j*UI J^Uil ^- ^1 JT t) jL-j t yJl ^ji> 

l^ opjuo 1^1 i& 3j (O* islH 4 Jl^- ^ c> cg^ ^^ 5x - 
ojdl (OIjl. cJtS" dli JT p* \^j cvUjJIj jj*Jl ^ u* U j^Jl v-^-J 

f 'O^ 1 oy ^y 1 j 1 ^ 1 (^ ^-^ W 1 ^ <y ^ d y^ c^ 

oJUt ik*\jt )j& -&J j)\ H* O* J*S^ LT" &^ '^^ ^^ 

V*^l US C 5 !^ J 1 ^ 1 >^ uiV- ^ 4 !r^- ^ ^ ^ Ail °^ 
jlJbUl l^ia^ If cai* J^Ju 01 ^jUil D^li jW» j>- j^Jl ^ uyj 

^ i^j LiUl OjT ^ ^os-J ^^ ^> ViWl U*j>t ^j^W aLI~ 

^ op ^ ^U ^jyl, ^TL-p ^L-j; ^ c Jli?l Jl J-^yJl t) >NI 01 
Jj .jUtfJfl ^ v--^ U Jb^li ip axU Jl ^ ^ JT J-ytj (^Jl 

o^ I^Usj. ^ ^-^ ^ ^j-^ ^V"^ 1 J**^ 1 C^ 1 <* C 1 ^ 
i,LJ- lyjyuj 01 0^ J-r Jl ^ <**yi pisJl y o^l ,y V^i ^^ 

343 



^ oy t. U>l .^JU. jTL^ ^ UJl yu* UJl fJii; yjJl (jj .t^ 
iS^I J>o dJJi JUy -(^^J c&UaJI £»U* Ol# ,^»» £^# ^ yjj 

I^Wai j^IS} ^UM *~.j>- US} jSl^l i*A> ^jxsr ^ *~j UUl £> 
^Jls-j Aii 70UI ^pJl ifr- ^ Uf .jJjJl ^j c_jUjJI o* 4**!^ i-J^I 
OjLaj *__-yJl ^ iAP /*^^«J ^Ux-^j ^pij ijUpj 4, v ., ^a ja .^ * J*Ij iil/ ill 
^ ^j* > Ut tjLJl ^ jJi Jp OJtT *^l «Jub ^ S^iM ON ^!>Ul 

j^>j iS^il ^Jby ^#- J-r Jl tf *UpVI .^Sl Ua^j iaJ^ DjpJj 
I^aJL-J J l^i f c^H-Jl v^Sy Jl ^1 A^r j* Oj-oUJl jily (c)Ml4-l 
^Jl ly^-l ji^l^l j&, .j^l J> j*1p t>j Jl IjUy" J^ ^W-io 

dUi I^Jlj ^T l^-j os*^l a- bJU; l^J J^ 1 J 1 (e J " >Ul !A 
jl^b JU-j ja£ liUl O*0 .<U^ OtT ^Jdl ^1 ^ s^*U ^ 
OjJL*^o Oj^UM 0*0 .jJbJl oL4^i a*Hj 1,1^1 ^ibll 4k*-|^ j>Jy 
ZjjA jiJ)\ ^i\ ,<JL~.j Jl/Vl J^J oUl^lj oU5>ll Jl* ^ UJ^t 

juJ Jl f&Alj* ft** U~* I;Up1 ^j tus^l a^^- Jl ^^ J*yj 
U v^-i iyU > CJS) pV^ Jl ^U~jVl Jl ^a^I J* <dD3 ^ 

ji, jljl j^ ou Cj ji ijla ^ . ju-i ^ ji^vi j^, ^ gi j^l 

^ aj'U^J-I ftLjj j* xxfi- p J^U ^ aJUoT (^JJI ^-.yi ^Uj A*iiil 

oi LiUi ^^ ^ ^ of j^„ ^i iiy^ 1 s^!? ^j!^ 1 t*W ^^ 

l^ jmC, jJI ^Juu^Jl Af>- J Ooj t(J ^l l^r Jl £Jljll Jj^ (I U u-^ 1 
ip- ^ Jb^il LU Vj cl^i- lys-lfs 01 j* (4;UaJl *->y^i ,/" <fi-l V^ 

JT l^ oyk, t^UJl s } 01^ ^ ^ a-l^ 1 Cf &** ^ ^ tJ ^" i 
J.U- y^j UL, J^-j jl 4,lj>Jl jj^ ji*^ Ua^j 4o-uJIj JUrJI <U 
JU,ajVl ■^ 5 -: ^ iL-jJl Liiixy *_*-iJlj »UaA* t_jyf v-^** -^"J ^ J^^J 
Jp £teJS\j vjj LiUl yl i-uJl IJl^j .jyjU OjAii Oyj CJj$0l jy 



344 



•^ls 5, J^ r^ 1 <y 4X ^ <y C - J ^' «^S ■** 01* t^-^ 1 £*>n -^ v^i 

aJL=* Jyi LilJl Jl *» ^^j S^aJl <jy Oi^Hr^l «sM/^l *-^j» J p-*-^! 

APT} jjU ^ Oij^!^ A*-Ul fji "Aj^ j>« £*Ull <w~^J f llj .j_$** 4^2J 

0-11 jJJi *tfl ^j .i-iJL. ^jai Jli iK-l^ v U-iJl Jl ^liy, &\fi\ 
^>-U- ^Ul ^ o^U OyJl ±fs ^1 JOu SsllsJl apLJI SjIp Jl oJLp j!>Uj 

l^ v-^J «j-j^!j J^l^-I <_>*** ^r^- f 'Oi^W O^ ^% J 3 ^' J* 
v^Jj t>y>J>l 4jtJb jjaij oJU j <Ju«Jl} «J>*j_j A-niull *Jai ^/kwj Ol^^ 
^ ^Ul OU&I ^ SalJL- ^J iiyVl ja UiJL. Dl ^.b- ij i^i* { ^J,\ 
Jtj *iUll SJLpli Jc- «^*5y *} s-^" "^ *|y^ c? C-LcuSilj £»Jl* i/y 
ft Ut j-j OUpNI ^ l«ir cjK} tjil^l Jl jUl OJbulj l^j, UjJKJ 
I^C* ai ofjUJl at LiUl tflj lij .U*Uk| *ll;Vl ^Ja-^j. (ij 4< ^l *~& 
jJJi ^j .xilJllb v.^1 l? £j/Jlf ^.1 SJiil oJl* ^ j»rW^ JbJL*£ j* 
(50)^_Jir L^lJb-} j OlT OUkli> .jLjiS' <-jL^ c^ Ol^j Jl cJUsj ^Jl 

jJ-l o^^ 1 c ft k> • iiJU ^ V^ 1 ^^^ :iLfc;St ^^ ^^ J* 1 * 11 
j-^uM dJJi 5»L»«J ^S U f j-^i JU^tAJ v^^" *kr^l j>*-J' t)l* 
Jl jW- J^j Uu-I^ A-^l f^Ji ^1 J^ 1 ^ 1 J 1 J^ 1 J*^J ^J 'y^^ 1 
j* liUl Jl jd-\ {kj 4< ^p ^b c^tJl ill? ^jJLl ^j tJJUL, UL, 
»LiiJ i^^Ui tljL*«»^ J^l^**' J 3i)lUj«lj |^5j CJd ILljL- ^ O^W tWajl 
^ij <1>I Uj .Ol^j j)^-l Jup ji*yr^\ s^L^ A^fr tiJUiJ IJj tj*>-l i^>*J? 
»_*^cJl JUaij SLiil^ OLyiJl (j^a*^ ^A*3l *--i«Jj J^l^l 'F J*" l^~ J*-^"! 

I^.^ApI 0*ij Jkij inJLiJl <^lj UJUP CJ^\ Ja»o. >Jtiy ji^Jl ^^-1 ^J/^^ 

j *jyVi i^kif ^i jUi »u»| ijl^u iDu ^ jUaji> tji^uai ^-5^ 

.^alji ,JiJbi>-l ill/i/l ^TL^ Ojc^tI llj .01,*) Jl aU- ^ ^-jJ^I ttjJ 



L-ytf y»y (50 
345 



t*M cy r^ 1 &*J uM-t f*^- oT J** j^->. of J\j ^^0125 

j^Jl ^S L~*Jl I^Ja» ^ J*^-j tfjs>^iJ taljui*.! 4-i^ L^i t <ujp -^ 
j^r-jJ, i5^U OiL.^-1 SijUIl ^ oUJf l^ iL> i^L- 5^ oli j^ f 
^ j|^l JU-1 JaUl, UiAll ija^ l^lku-l, JUiil <j I^L^-I^ t^UoJl 

ji y* of ^ i^u«-i 3,Lsii -fij .^1^1 ^ ^ji ^ jp oir 

r li <^Nl i^l j, ^^u v^ <> oa-> jV-VI yi \^xss f tj\ 
<b mjA-S&Mj %M ,^w f ^ilJdU <Jui&l ^h jdJl Ja! ^ ^ 
u-* 5 - C-*b *5> Om; ^U-jNI JI ya^l J. Oj-ijsi i^tr If J^JLL 
-*•* -Oi^ 1 ^' Cr* '**** AM M* J^ ^L^ l^ I^JUii oIpL. 

ij^l ^ Oj^-I MP £j?j. .<U» J ^^ A^aj ^^J\ )f odii 4^ 4pl, i 
huj iJl/Vl <\J Jij J&J\j £iUU Ol^ C^ j^i^ Oj^T ^il, OUagjJl 

O* i& JWJI ^ iJU-^-j ,jjf ^ XI |>^ij jlJbM Jp UL, ^^j 

otr u^ fyit&Yi ^jf oa^W^UJi ^ 4iSi ^ a^ ^ 

J-UJl Of UUI ,Jp lij tfUJj J>U Jp f+jLj, $ \yij cbr-n tSjJii 

lx ULL5 £^ ^ .^y, /X |l JC ku V^ C^ g^ 7 v— * c 1 ^ 1 ** 
t^lj lij .4^. ^L. Jp Oi^l *JWj ^ o^ 1 £• J-UJ* v^^^j ^.fj t j 
f^f ^ ^^ lij i^b *J ^IpJL ykUj. ^U OjjJl .J^aJ ^ oir U J- 1 
V" O^ 'V^ 1 4 4Jt~~^ l^^i" iiJU ijUpj 5ft-T U.l^c UU lAU, 

J^j UiU\ <J&\ J^ ^yj-il XLi 43} Ji iUUtJ dAlj jftJb ^j£ { liU 

jW (I ilUJj JUiJl dUJb |/WU |l tfjUJl ^ ^^ j^ ^ 
iAhi Jii of o« v U«oNl JI >Ul a:} Ji 4 JJ ^ J^i Lr ^\ UU 

(b -^]>' J^^J r 1 *-* J* u W C^~ ^ *) Sft»ts^i^j iii/Vl oy 6^ 
j^Jl ^ a^iil UiJI yi pj| ^JUi ^ ^ iil^il ^JLU J^sj UUI ^ 

I : o>J—U ^ q^j cJoJ-l Lip JI c-jj-^jJj .. >s a^ll £j» 4a.L*j iJfj 



JU^ 4j| UJL* jt J\ $ J$\ 4P/JI JI -Wy *i~M J-j -uiji Ji nfd£ *)1 
. J# V ^ jUJl ^ ^ ji U i) jhOUj 0! J^ JJUL y>j o^c 01 

jUiJi ji 4&1 iW iib ijj .^ jp •£, duu i^tr ^jji *uyi ^ 

4jL<yb Ol^Aj \a\& ^W-j .*jL11j i-J^I j^iU-l £jJi dJJi Sl^Pj ■ ( »-* r Ai; 
JU^J OU^L- cJvy (^Jl ^ l5j .ij^vaJl J* j^4j &j*\& JL^i 
.jSjjsM oJL. ^ S^JJlj Ojllj 0%^ C^-l OlCj iiJU ^ &\ij IfiJLj 
(ij . iUJl ilLij Jp CJlT 4j>^ij <U> iSf ( _ ? 4ap 8al»J iJJi j, jJbJl jlij, 
Jp JbJbr- (y^ ii]/b/l fti 4jjj ^i j* <_r*^ l^J c^iLlb <-^aJl ^Jaij 
JI fJiy jSX-Jl ^ j^UV ^Jas-I j*. Ci\j*j J*Ip £>-j .JjLJl v^Jl 

C-Jpi»j i$4-l »JL* Jl C~*-Uu ^ii^aJl v yL*Jl ( ^Jj ity>Jt>\ (^ jj» Jl 

J>vP Jp <^j_ji <^JJl £j>- U^il l> *loyM viib" <^ CJlT \^jj 

IjjJLu* o j^j-Jl^ OjJlil J*^»j »Jdl dilJ (^j .Ijjlyi jt^ Oj-Ut «^»j 
0>Cj l)Ij _/»^fl j^iiJ ^»j t^lr; ^ ^ ^ii-Jl f- j^*r 4*^J ii^liy Jl 

joo Jj)a--I Jp UJ; VjLw.1 tiJUL* *W (^JLil y> IJL* j;JLj O^xJl^ .oail 

OjjJl ^^iu- jyL) OjjJl As>-j itf-Uy ^j .*JVl (j^ii J-»>u j>-\ L^i Slij 

JI DjJ^I^ JJ$A\ jLJ\ aJL* c,..^,ijj 0L»j5 (J-aJI A^i*-j /»jj^I j;^ 
«.*>U ^ iAp l^iwj d\j*j JI ^v^- <>^f^-jy •r**' (/^^ ^J- 5 W- 13 ' Cr** - 
^j .ilbutij I^AJ"^j J^lj w-Jl^T ^ sJs-j UjlUsIS} <u*^i»j djjpjlj iJUii 
sJ\ J^r ^ JI It: J^jJl j^C Ji\ Ug)\ $ ^TlJlil C^ij ils^Jl fr b*t 
S-rH c? 1 ^ ^^^f^' "^*^J ^^ c.3 *i>^" C-iJb&t-^ c»_jUwJVI ja ^SjAS 
\y-J\j tl> Jl)l OtT L44 oJill j^i Jp \jj\ -Ui iJLli ^.j .^Jl i-STw 
.r-LyJl 7t-^l Ol JOu Nl 0l*» p-U- Jl I^Uaj \ (H^J «JuJbs^l ^ *-»Jlf3r 
l;IJL^ *JJL. iill? cJL-jli .5*-]^-l; ajm CJK - §jyw» JLiy <,ui>J lyLi&lj 

347 



t) ojj aU^/I ^ si^T i]|;Vl ^ 01 <_^UaJl Jjk- 1 jtfli Jj ULj .yj^-l 

^b JpuU (1)1 -WaJu i«Jiil ji-. <J,I S^U.^ J-^jl C-ijlJ **~*ii* l^i;Ua>-, 
tiiy VI l$5y 5fii^» jjL, ^^ Ijj^i jjaii ^j .Olyfcj Jl J&l jUj tl^iU 

ilii Jl liUl *jj\ JL2i .CJ»iJ J* t-Jj^jaJl CJlSf^ .--f»JL<l (^j*- ^Jlib 
^ f Ux~~. Jl a^-Ij iC-JL^j J*j t&l*aJl jA— 01 <^lj l»JL£- iuJuJD «;Ua^- 
VjaIj <^i jjJU OjjJl i);tj (4j;li£jVlj *JI/Vl jTL-^ A>j>-y, ^J- «lj *ljaj 

iUj .[jJjoI j* ^1 (_^lj 01 Jjw A^ir* ^-^y t*^*Jl t/**tJ j* (t-p**Zi il)i 

dJU ^ Azryj .jj^Jl ^11 ^ ^Sb£J| ^^ K}\j *lit, t yLJl J! ofl~JU 
tiji L^»dS tOlyfcj Jiji f<— '1^ i?*^J (Jp- Ai>-jj Oy^i Ja—j AXJ^* S;Lp 

i2L£ 2ujJL» (4^^l J cjK' .OyJU^Ml JdJl JaI *_* I^Uj l)\ JUj .5^v? 

f.lil ^ l^lXwi il^l .^y.ja....>Pjl ^^jJUJI ^jAj Va.S.... < 1^1 % f./3«j j/ 1 ^ 
jNy> (J-l^-1 Ol/fcj c-^aJ ^-ol; ^Uj (^b JL*^ f.b>- l«JUPj .<51)tJUjijlS3l 

^jii\ ^jU (51 
LJ>(52 
348 



Oi-^j 5^j3 ^p ci/>tf ^P ^j^JJaj l^JL*>- tOUj^Jl $U> ^ ^*j (4jCJLoJi 

.(jiyJl -kji*^ ,y *v^ Oi-^j ^P uy^y «i»!#J J}W i»jia>- ^ SJLjb 
l^oJj SJbJlP 5iJl; CjIjUj l^ C-JlSj cd)l>**Jl 3ftiS~ 5JU»b>- ^T <LjJL« tUlf 
.illiS *U» 5;U*Jl IjJl JUJ <y Uj>1 ^ <_yJl J»o UjL*> vjI^JU C-Jyu 

^U- jUI liS} JU-iJl ^j t^iJl ^-Lj ^ 5>l ^. ijsrj ilk Jp jlpLo 
_bU»Nl «JLa ^ 4^1. Jpj .frli-^JVl j^i; <i^]^l jjL- UjUaij oLil 
Jijjl U^^" C^l ^y ^y ^jtl 1^* *JU>j (54)C^w y ^^t* Asr-jj 
^ Xtf> Jp bj;l Ajlsi-j *Lj£ t&LaJl ^^L- ^ JJp l^ j^ji OlT SJbJLi-l 
\yyi, d\ A*>j coJbi l^i 1^ 01 J^ Jj-jp Ji S^ Ml oJlft ^1 015$ .(55)OLj 
.Jplill ^ ^Jiftl ys U ^^» *Ul ^L.1 ^^ ^ 

(J^J _/**^' ^y £-*^ <J^ J*j Jp *i; t^Aiil £ A\ey, Scjwp S^jJU 
3^1 0&L* Jj Jp 6IT 14-^b" d[ JUL. tOlybj gi^i l^y jte a^HJ ji^i 
^j-.Jjaj aW <^iJl yy 4UMI ^y: ULy dj~~> fl»Xii\ d& .ui?U»Ml 

Cp!j ^ Oy^y ^*% Jj^l -i»>^ & ^ J ^'^J ^J^ *r^ ^ >** 
'v*#£ > US l^j UIp jl^-l *j Ja^ .^^Jl i,_jia^ ^ iiJi u&— ^j 

f\^ \yK pt&j j^ui ^ojjj s^l ^.u ^m ^ cjtr ^ 

li^jT lyli--jt : Lcjs ^^^r cjIT (53 

OL-Jt il^L. (55 
349 



Jlyj iSj\*ad\ o-j d\j*j hjJw ±>jL* jl*j Juoil «JLa i>WM Lo 
d^ ^jUJl ^ JU^I Jl l«JUI JU dJUJ, .1^ jyjtkS ^1 oI,Ip 
Jl 4*-yJl j^siU ^j .^- s,^ ^ t^l^aJl £^ t)U^Jl j^*j ^^u dyMj 
&** <^*J V^ <jS0 'ul^l j^- 0>5j£j ^JlAI u^"^ ^^^J -^!r*J t5j*- 
^Jl fUx~* Jl OjWAi ^&L| «i* c3 J>iK} t^JL. v^l^t Jl JLxi ol;Ui 
js^Ail ^y U S^Ul ^l/^l ^JUJ .j^ £*-> 4il~c (jy* ^ JUJ N 

Ol Jl dUU l^j ^jAgKj ^\^>\j ^L-j 0\J>y J*T gi U- fUa^ 

.0]^>j 4i»A* tju^>j JLP «J L>^J ^JJl jL^M xij 

JJx. J*>- £>L, Jp OjJU*Sfl i%3l OlSL. Uly fJtlJl c) *%• iox. 

0* iKji* ly J*ry iL~?- toJll ^ JpNI <-^JaJl (jj .^Jl J^L, J* 
A^-ji S^Lp *JjI Jp ^jaJJoj 4l*£ toJiil ^p *>U* -V«j «u£i J~>- C 56 )^^ 

^ iijj o^jj **-->* j&b && J*j J^ 1 ty**~ ty **^ «jj^y 

fj^ Cf J^ V-* ^ ^^ ^ *W' 5-^ ^-^1 **•* ^y* 'J°f^ -k^- 
(^JJl <jdLiJl y l^i cjj *Ul jSl, J*—** a^JuU i^y^-l e-^iaJl <j .*U 
oil l^UI .pj^Jlj C^ 1 jW-il ^ (J5\jl>-j *U.jSfl ^ jJLp <j^> Jp Jj-j 
OlS^ d\j*j Jl <4;UaJl Jr^^ 1«JJIP -ul>-l~"J (Jf ^oJa- * -* <^ l^j^. (I 01 
v^^^j UjjUi tt_jlJuJl JLil l^iftl 0y*j--o l^il^j <«-J^ 0j*-*a*5 ^"Ui«^» J^l 

t( rUx^ Jp 1^-1 ^ y'ljsLl ox. Jp ijySfl Jyu-I 0! Jl ^ jsiT dJJi 
l^>«xi JjUJ Ojijl^Jl OJjT 5jLil-l «aA t ^)aj8j -Vij ..£>Ul aAA ^Ui>. ^j 
OX. IL^Ul *Jl* J J^j? ^ .ht*S\ 5,11 J *is» ^ 01 Jl cAja JJ# 
jfidj .JlU! tSjj [£ ^ ^ fcjJl. Ut .UU^i ^Jl ill? jp V*^ ^ (i 

.0I5LJI ^ JU-I J ^ ^ oSfi 



350 



j& iLjli JUj Jp £A> .SJlJj ^ j^ Ajl^L- ^1 J^ jcJaP J*^ 

.«_^-l jl^-il oIjU- 4-JaiJ 4 £-*]/ ^-^ **^/J c^V *r^ ^y* .il>Jl 
*Up jtfii ctiJJJj t&j 4 gJ)\ ^4h N .jU^I JjJLS y>j JIp J*- J»j 

& £ oyt-~ .^ ^^ Irj^S i/ 1 ' f^ 1 <yb Vj/I o^ ^r 1 ^- 

^jui ju-pi *yf ^ ml ^^ v^ t*^ ^ ^^ tL > iLr51 ^ 

l3 Jy-jJl j^Jl *Nj* Sdlp ^yj -j^*W *** ^5* J* ^i/^ »«1p^I 

^ L.JUP -^ JbJjJl JjUJl t_~*- If a]slLJI J^- CjIp|}Jj Ol»^a> 

j^ ,^-1 p^JUt > ja jx* ^ J> lijj i^jU-l ^ jap ^aa^ 
**pU«4 Jl ,NJA J-^o ^ till^U JbxiJl ftlJoJl «^L£ .4x.jUi Jjj^jj 
- Ul a* JW y'Uj JJrl IJlaj .•l^tfl* ^ oA ^ c^» ^ (* J 



OjjijJl^ ,j~»^ J-^ 1 
-i$/>-\ Jj^Wj OXJU AJ^rti (^^ XJ ^' ^* O j*"i^ *rll^"' jW^"l j^r 4 O^jIpj 



351 



«ulSL- .ji\jl\j c^i3l jiiT tJb-lj ^—_ytJ oL~J; ijlyi Jl -A=jJ J^- 

diii t) j^y dJi Jp s^ljj .oJdi t) ^Ji -W2S J*/ Ljjl j^T j,tf <^U; 

^*iJl l^ ^_Jaj 5^J t) -^ ^-Jr"" (^b tp- 5 **^ V"* ^-^ jW^I J~M 

(57)5^ 

.l^y. Ji 3^ U > bLi \^» \y\* JJ>j .A^Jdl dl£- £. fa £b*» j) ^j 
Jl ^i)^l OjPjjj pJ»j C&* Cj> «~»b^- -^ cOjjJ-i psr\iA Ja*J iliJiT 

oJdl J! ^^A «yl J^ JUst y^ *£-* C)>j J*^ tj J^- 

i^U, jt (57 
Jw* J> (58 

352 



olr: CJfeT .*/&, ^iil \, ^k,j cjli>% o^^J >M <Vi3l jWf 

0^ OUiJL. 4: .J^Uil Jp U^ji 8^ 3*of JjIp Jp Jtf Jj*- 
Jl^ L^j .^1 ^ 4J&L, Jl i~J t(rtis^j <^y ^ ^1 Jp 
J*ii Ui* Or*zt pt&j jn^-iU OUiaij (^pjllH *W*' (*^-J*~* ^^^ 

5,1^ ji djy^i i-iij J-* ^ j*k r" u b ^4*4 r* u j ^ a* r^ 1 

a^fcJl J^iil 

.«L*Jl (^JJl iw-JirH i^s**j^ tSjU^/l «Jla j^ aJ^ SJLjJI ^ «JL» 

Ux- y tjj|>4-l aij^» J^p c$^l A^r ,j^J l)L~*Jj J^P fc_^yJl ip- /^ Ua>? 

Ifi. 0a* ^^ l^ .JLililj p jjJl l^ j^C j>!A; .(«i)jl^ip^l jf- >...,a»j 
.Ol~JJ ^N fl^jJl J* W»U jjhj <62)l^?-lj 4JLJ1 ^^jj A\ Lji^^U 
S,UVl j!l JLp ^»l y>j <% jh«5'l Jy iVyl Sfttf *1^ Olj} ^ X*£- oU UJliP 
Sa* ,ji>«*Jl Olj) j^l jAj L-^5l PJ>jli 5^1^11 C-Liiolj -Oj/>-Vl «JLsi» ^j 

JI J^yJl J* ^,iyi jw-1 4jWt, ^U JI j as ^ ^1 y»j ^JliJl 



j^I (60 

u>LlJI >)) c^JI ^j ^V LT tf *-J CJtf (61 



353 



Jij .(JJl x& j] oMj oJiil *>^- ij <ul>- ajtUj Jjwj .j_r^ jy^. v-^} 
t4^>4 JL>-!j JLp 4*>j iiUii Jl JLU3*i/l Jl OjU^\ ^jt- J*£^>Ju *JL^Ja->l 

oiUxpl ^j Ol^j Jl ilp aJUjI J-» •jUisil JU* ULj .oj&J jU sjl^ yiu 

ji 4U1 .ui.1 *ufti dub- tij .^*~-ii dun ^jJ ^ £»u. jijU j-,; of 

cNyifl ^ ^i .IJla Ly. Jl *JyVl ^SU- l3 WlM ii-l^i} LAju*J 



OjJ^tJjj Jb-yi J^ 



tJwaJ .Lp tj*sf Tti** jjp OjJLoNl JlJLJl Dl^w. ULj 4a~P ij-l» 

^ j^aj) .cojaJ ifs^-oj l/!^' J^J*>- o* ^s*-* uv*fy **v* oy^j «i£^J 

jw^'-'j U^ JS~ ^p JaJ .j%4-' ^.^J MjAj **•** U2 Ji^l *Jwa^« 
l^ jb" tA*i»j jl^w-l \^J- .^JaJI J^ aaJsJlI oJLA ^W>U ^ .Uw^i 
dJUij ti«-f» v^- ^j y!rM ^i^ t>* ^3*** < r^~ C*^ £?*- ^J 4 j>*^ j-** 
ojIi oisL. i^ipt u.ikJj t Vj *y (^ *u-j^ <^>" li4 M-' oJlA v»W «# 

OlS^-j .^ aJyiJ OjL-/„ j*JJl oUJaJI ill/ifl f l&U ^ ^^J^xJl Jp 

V-^-}j tJLL/ 1 ' 5 j^ ^' eiA ^ ^^ t( ^ li ^ 1 cr* U > *ib JW 
qa+J\ UOiP ^ai 5^w» ijiyr "^i^ aJU* ^-ji> .^-iJ^ J— *5J} (^Ab 



354 



:<V^% ^ J* 8 * 5 * 
J*-L* Jp tifiJl i^- ^ iiLJl iijJiil ^ t 6 *"!^ *-j^ -A*i (J* aaJ 

4^-ji S^ip j^^U*- JL* ^i^JJaj l^JUs;- .OUjyl ftly ^ ^Jkj .Ja-vjill ^>«Jl 
i^ia»- j* Jjlii C-j 5^;i Oy*% ^Jtfj JjJaJl J^ia>- j^ iLo ui—^-j 
Ja-£ .JLi ^J; t-^*Jl Ui*|^l J?**. W*"*y 't^^ft^ L5^^ W****y l/!^ 

Jiiio ^LiJl Jsrjllp I^ISL- .i-iU^I jljSflj CA.UI j-. jJp L^j jl^-l l^ 
^1^3 ^iJl ij\jj 0l£— ^ j^j tj-i^-l f jJ' j^ £~~Jl apL^j »4»\i*.* 

j-JL^ ^U 3 ^ 01- Jl (j*^ <J> f&>- 4*-j J <^» J-* "Aj)i !>^-vaj 01 ^' 

u^Jl jLf jy»-l j^a^j .ijilil j^JL^ _/& If OUSj jycij ^J ^. f- jjjJl 

JL^-A 

0y*5\jj hrj* Jy^j cJ*i\Jj JjJaJl J»jia>- tf Jjlii ^i^J *>-j3 ^P C~- 
\^>j*j l jd\ \~>yy ^r^yo 1^1 Jl * g.,?a«j iwJ&Jbj . ( _/*^Jl -l^k>- ^ iiJi 
L^i* JT ^ l frL,a a" tyl)4-l 4JjX« Jjjj ^j-J 0JL4 ,jy ^hj .o">\pl U^jJ 

U^o 5iLJ.I J-^aJ *& >>*Jl j^ .sp Ul tjsxJl j Uw^i -ip 5*^ 2iL*> 
3J^>- jl^-l ^lil ^ l^ Ja^ lUIT Jij .J^-L-Ji Jp t -$i t«*-|^ ^p Jl 
cidj]; <*1S ^ CJlT If tT^-ir* 4^ j>* ^1 W*^ M*i *y^dl S,WJ~I j>« 



^Ij (63 
355 



^i otJl Jp UjSjtj I4JU, fit 5jjJdi oJUb Jp £U-M LjU-1 Jl 1^ tlri JJl 
jS^ij .UjUi)l (jJL-lfJ} l^lpli <-f>/>}\ Jl o^U dJJi jl*jj tiLjl* SJL4 

Jp CJ% . J^Sfl Nl Ip* Jji (lj Uyi Ojj^ fli ^1(64)^^1 iUi-l 

01 JUj U^il Jl uwJj^Nl ^ iJLP jW 01 Jl 0j/ 5J^J ^ ix. JU-I dib* 
J SJtfU I^Ij ^Jl jjjJl^ 4*U5| f.Uj Jl^ ,, 3. .,^«j *U* JJUj^i U^Ux^.1 
JaIj jc*-Jl1I ^Jbl Jp J^jJI li^: Ol^l fti te-ii ^j .lf»^l 
^>l;Nl j»i. OjU? ij&- 1 Jxi-lj i*\^-iJlj i - ^ : ^ ^rJxiNl (^i— «j OjIS'Ij 
jl^^l J^-ta £v CjVpf- <j C^}\j fi^Jl tf *p& jW'-S-l} Sax.ll apjji^I 

jl^»j l^Jl oiji ^* CjUSJ (OjSil jl^-i-l j^ i-VP ^-/u \y\» ]f t^CJiJl 

aJ^ pJl jJ- &\j>- J*UJl li* Jil v> alJl «£/ f^V* (J j^-l 
ja Jb)t *>-U-l jlp jff j f. ( j^J 01 *..)?::...» jl^ <-*Vl «-~ *- ^ j*S~l oxll 

jji AJjJUfc JLP ^*Jl l3 jfjstf JljJ Uj c JiLJlj olitiiJl *l^ j^ J'^* *J^I 
IfiJL- -y OK' I* Ml <U*^ LJU JI)j I* jjXJl »i* (J^VJ "^1 VLr** SXi-Ip 
J Lpjl?- 4jlw>j tjl^lj &U- ^»bM bSj (^ iijjll di* C—Jj .5,^11 
J^iJl a^- ^ ^Jl J-L- Jp l^ o^w> Jpj .^ppU-ij V^*- ^ 
i£j 01 4»y ^ >Ul ^Jai-si d~=£ ^ ^ yy < 65 )J^ J^r ^rji 
Jp t^LTil JLi^i 0^- .U—j ^» o^-T^ u* ^* **** ti^ ^ >fc ^ 1 J i ^ 
^JJ Up l^s^j If: J> 1*Xlp jj-jybjlj «U5 I^l-o-I ^N *}l/b/l ^ JUj 
ajN iJum^JI iliJi jaj ) A^Cij 'r"W cf ' u ** - 1^*^ J^^" «-** , ^L) 5>«l5N 

UJLP .JL*j j>« lp fr^»- iuiL-i iuijll Ja-xj (^j .P jy\ f\»~j\ ^y bJip A>L« 

1^ ~/\ JiLJl Ol^C ^SXj tixxiil ft LiNl ^ >-l ^Jlp lis} a-ljN obl^ 
Jp f-^* olpLJb vlj*- /t-a^ ^ ^jjj^ jA^S ^ *>*-> ^*p *_3Li^S'l Jp 



<*UJI(64 
jL.yiltft- JUUl J*t 1^,^05 "^jU iiy^l l f5 ^« ! , (65 

356 



a* 0*jy 0!^ jas^" Oi^ Vr ^^ IT -udi^ ^ (**>■ t) j^l 

D. D. 
D. S. R. I. D. D. 



4*-yJl Ljji I^jj! JJa^l Jb*UJ ^IjSfl JopI t3j^ J*- J-^. Jl **->dJ 
.OU^/aJi U* if>-l^i c^idl jl^ Jl <Jjus» < yuM^ ,\,y\i { - j !umj *jj~\ 4ii-j 

\jjj .^JJJU iil/Sfl J*ij d,> OPU ^ fli JLSyi J Joey ^.j^jb 

jji^ iiySii ^ ji^i ^ i JjS yjjjul ^ tWiii ji, ojdi j^b ji 

Oj^sj IjjK' ^ail t j ii >«_j t jLl f.U^c^Jl ja ajLcLt jys-, i^ail *j»*dlj «^L»p 
Jji Ju*Jj*j Vjfri <^ jj> J* 0^1*11 ipLl £jyj riJLiJl JU-i-SfL 

i^ ^j' (^ !r^ la ^b ^ r*^ !itf*-b **^ ^ u*aJi ^i/^i j^ 1 

ja ay*- UlA U LyOil (jjlj lij #J I^J| Jp (j^Nl \y&\} aSLmJ 
J*- *,>Ul a* **^Ji fti j^i-Jli o^ IW 55 hji rr!> v!>^l 
u-i tijl^O ,*ib J*i Ail Jl |^a*i s-*-iy • J 1 ** 11 J 1 £j*>N J 1 (^kflj 
<uL- ^ fr Uib ^.1 01 dJ U Jb'Uil 01 liib tyblb JJi ^|J| jjUi Jp 
tfjf U<aj .<i SJb'U N judJl dlk 01 <J u^* 01 JOu iyJr\ yi 0*^lj 
j4 ill^Sfl ^ ^ 0l» JJDi ^.j .<cp ^Jl diJi v_J5 Jl ipL| ^ 

•c/ii;^ -W 1 ^ -W^b cjy^ Si jJJl 



357 



o£*% ^yi j^iJi 



r* 1 * ^J/ 31 £>" J ^^ •^ J ^ J| MU (J ^V ayAi L^_, 

U>l Ou^ ,JiPl ^ c^V VI ji^l ^1 ^SXj .OL^I 5^11 ^ ,UuJl 

oV u, ^ i> aj^j ^ jrt > yuii uj^f ^T j^ .ukl. u*ri> 
*i^sji jir^ ^j. ^.i^jLu, i^ i^p o^ii a* cjut .^u 

CJtS} i^bVl ^ c^ J«Jl jJJi Jll^ ij^oj cJUo .U-!sliJ» JlJb-j 

OlOl J^ ^| ^U| ^ J| ^ ^ ^1 jlp ju J* jJJi oK} ;5^U 
L^ f& CJ\T Ob*** ic^iil ol.Ul j* JLJ Jij .i^b'^l o?V^I 

mJi iUi jy ok* ^i ^ .oy*, c^ji jj» ^ ot d^pj, ^ji iji 

jyyail L^ y*J .l»— > jl* a~, j* A& aUa.1 Jp -brJUu <^ jj| 
^ lij tj^£Jl ^ Jp l^ JU, o! ^ ^1 o&-i*-j £~>-j aJL^j 

Cr 1 " v •'^ ** U1 j^y *>- ^ ^ v:L ^> ^ l^:J - , £*** ^ <^-Sn 

<V ^-^ -^ ^^ ^ J^ 1 t^ U- *iUi OK} t^U ^1 Vi Lb-1 
J\£\ htXA Jl J^- ^1 v Li^S/l ^ l^ 05,51, osUty ^JU^sJlj 

*u* sjUi ob- ^ .i^b ;l-i^ ipU j*^ ^jui ^i J.U ^j^ ,j ^^ 



(Ml (66 
358 



>b Jl ax* l yj J> a-^UI ill' ^ <V*~* ^ ^ 4 «V*~* 
^ 2^-J p-Nl /i J^ <y A»> V 1 - **** M- 1 «^r u& h J^ 

ay^sty j-U-i J^i 

(j* *^* a uj*o!j **iP (j^j-^J *^y J^' J^jJ*' 1 -" ^ ^rj^ S,ip c»» 

.3:. »,<?■>■ iJU Ujlj«*l cJUJl^-t 4j-^~' S^oC*-^ : ftJUP l^fjj ^j^/Jl i»jja>- 
ViA' ^y° * JL s' ! ' (J;^* V: <^-»^ .L£yb« i~jV O^lsS* l^j ./t*^' 
OlT .jUjPl frUj ^ 4jt _^Jii ijJdl tj ^ JU*. dDi ^ i^-ij -li-i 

^Ji s^vi s^ii Jl> i*u\f j^i i^bi *uji ^ 0^; ^jjl Vj j| ^ 

^ ^LJl JiU. c-^j jjj^l ox. (ISU- l$*o Jp a^ ^1 jpUU 

OjJ!*% ^jLJI J-aaJI 

(67)3_iLJLi 

^Jup iw,l -Uj Jp IjLsf ^iJ^ J^>- Jji OU^I UUj S^ ijJLt 
•y*^ Cr - ^^ ui-^J ^ ^ <j^ -^ U^ utT^ lH" •J J ir^ 1 

Uj» iU* (67 



359 



soj^Li iJU s^wstf ol$4-l <^Jb-| ^ UjjU *tJl sjl*- ii-sA>- lJLp a^ai 

^M a- *** i> >jsj s^ui Ujji .yp ^j^ij ^r us Vj .jJ-i 

Jp ^-Ul J^ vlr^J tLji* W Oj*i^j o^y. I^ISL, ^j .a^UII 
jU-il ^ yjS\ £k <_$ U j^-^t L,- X*-Ui oyL-H ^^ -la-^j .l^bil 
tj l^ J^ Ul* 1,1c ^*J ^Jl JUL3JI J^i,] U,| ^ ^ .j^jJl 
0" '"^ i^A' j»^- <-**-> U^p iiUu i^p aij . jjdl ja U^pj ^^jj 

*u^3M a* iap p^J s j!a5 a* V 1 ^- (J**» <^ iUi cS^-l H*- & <-&& 
<j^l Ox. ^y! ^ Jbr-y Nj .iiyS/l A-j IJUfc L-jj J! ^j ajLL. Jp 

Jp y>J .4J&-. j^T ^ A-**- ^1 J-£ ^-Ul -UP £>Jl <_*yu J*- 
A-^lsr^w* dJ^L^; .£-*-SJlj J«**Jjj J*^b Ji***^' (*-»^^ J^H - JUiil tj j^LwOj 

.^y-l ill/V apUJL (^JJU 

^ ju Jp ^ t ^>i fr uii 4iiC ijk^h 04x5. ju j^ 

360 



Jetyj .j*JA) i }'%J\ -u. ^aS <^JUl fj\ Ml ^ ^l, ^ JJ-I Jpf ^f 

i^L^» ^1 1J5} t^L UjU 5JL.0P a^L, ^sJil ^UMl gij «aJ| ^ 
«_>Ml i-> j^ Jp OjLpli t^f lJt*ii 0^** JU-I aJiA ol£, .a*^) 
</M^ uJly *ilC OK" .oLybl ^ aSU->j OUJf ^ ^ Oi^' o* 
t«ftP j»i^ Jl S,UMl fcijb c^U* 01 JL*j tOL~Jb" Jp l^»t 0^ Uojip ^ 
If Us^j ^ £*Jl 0^- I^f l^ylw/^ ^ij^j JaI ^ 

0£A% £-l=Jl J*aiJl 

OUJ? &£ Jl ^1 tfy j, 
^ Iao* .,Uj| ^JUI ^j^Ji ^^ oUJU ^Lf ^ jUULI JfcJtt 

c_^a- ^ Ua-jdi ^i^juji ^ uj^j oh^>J' $k &>■ ^ ^\ 

.*-llilj £^J| SoiT ly.b iikdl «Ju j>} .iU. s& Jl (1)01^1 jr 

C^>- 0»j iOUJj SjUj t> -> |CJiiJ| JL. Si^. oLj.4-1 oJLaj .OUyUl ^ 
'&* JJf U-V < 2 >^ r <^f ^J c^JLJLJLJ ^llJl ^ l^Uaib SiUJl 
LJ j^V' ^ Of jjy-l JaI tffj Uj .(3)4JUiI Jb^ ol£ jy Japf OUJb" 

couJb j o^Oi oi^i iib- <j oj^r f yf jci, «^ ^m i^ jyt 

S,UMl oA* C^> lij .4^1 ^ |^i jj^ Cij^i pjyt J »Ulfc 1^ iUiy 

«-!, V: OIT ^U|.fU-| JS ^jyl^W Vr vfcS Hj .v^Jl ,y jjst IjsaL, J^j 

^ Ojb Ji if JiJI L^ju of ij tj £jjl j>^j 5JLJ5 OX. Ml olf^-l ilA 
ol^ ^ cull ill- J-^l L- juLsj, .^Mi ^ ^^j vy j, Vi ^ 

.Ujb-f j>. dtyJ ^ tiiJLat 
uiNUi^i (1 

j4i«JI x* t- — JLl (3 
361 



J»| ^ ^Sll, iJLii ^' Ij^rU ^.JJI u-J~l! ^ v^- ^ ***** 

^v J>* &r •**% J& s ^J * 1 * x ^ *** ^ •^ , ¥->* ***" ^ 
jbjjj gi U- *j «v' u > ^-^ ^ UjLlp ^ j ^ ^ o^ 1 ^ 

4 Cjl&jli Jj^r CJL> Ud^ ^>l ji- ^ U^l »>*{ ^J^ 

oybiii u-*M jjjy u (SfciJL. <*tfji o^ 51 ^ l^A 1 *^ ^^3 •^ , J 3 ^ 
AiLj; ^ ht&\ a* ^p JUtf v Mp^ 1 ■**■* ^ J*' ^'^ ^ 

^jhJbj Oilpyf u^jJU *^ -^ ^ VI «_r^ 'r*^ ,ir ^^ 

u j-^ij *^i *iyv» u^ijj t^* 1) oUjpi ^ut t^i ^* 5»P * ij -^ 

Jjr. (5 



362 



.^UsJ-li *-u* iu^- i^> j!r-l U : <> Jsf c^ <> V*j*J -V*^ 
^ ^ ^ ^ i*M ,J6 3 '^ •***" ^ ■J 1 ^ 1 **** ^ Ua ^' 

o-ibc^ r u °' ^ ^ &* \* j& {/ $£ && i *9# ^ ^ 

^ iiJb^l S,l>J-l 4SU1 ») J--S-I fJ" ^"J &-"!* ^ S^ 1 ^J- 
c^" ^ *ui «^j tJUi 0* ^ ^> «i-k i/L ^ V^" 1 /*^7 

^7 i^Jj w*£ g\y **4 <J y*>- ^j w*!* 5 ' ^* £-*> £p **"* cjf 
(l/Vl cj fcUl 31 cSjjj^I JLp J**xJ .LJJ iasT Uj^j i^-l j* <-«W 
^ ^ ^ u-* jf ^* </*!•*■< J* -* 0* *U-sJ¥l 0/i 01 ioWl 

iiiJl oyj -4^ yM j* ^^ ^J f^ 1 ^ *£* ^ v^ ^ 

ya> dLJJb JL^jj tJJ-l ^a- <J* £j-^ J^ £">" f 'j^'/J*^ 
jyjl Jp ^ tU*j V^ v^ ^j '^J •*•!? ob W*** ^ %*■ 

■^ W^JD ^ J^ **/«** *%* J* ^ J>^* •"** Vs! t>*J **M SJ-sr 
luJL. JyC jiJJl j*J$U <jfjUJl ^j ily^l ^ ^-Jt *m> U ^ ^ 

Jpj .rjy^fl -di— t Jp (Ja^*^ toJili j^- Jp -Utf ^jsr y^JJ jy.1 «;l^r-j 
(^ J^iJl ^>- Jl l^ Os^-ji ^*i Jf-j .<.t\s^j Oi»L^ -uc jl^-Nl J^L» 
jy ^>JI 1) ^-^ oi Ji Jw>#* <^^ t|r^j jij^J* cr^^' ^ £^ (8) -^ 

jj^ipj ^-ji ^JUp i>c jlp ^t U* (9)u-a. ^-j-^4 J*£j •(^4 p Jji 



4;LJ* j, j.^ ii, ( 8 
Ua! yL- (9 



363 



.J*jA\ J*^- j* US* Jij^J **V* C##J &$>3 «iW' -ty**- j* *V-> 
Jp £jjtf 8^ Ol^u I4AL. ^1 J^oi SjvT JjP ^ y^i-l JaI ^Ay 

(^^ <^ L»-»-Vj t^xJI j*>JJ 7«aaJI If; j^ji v_^va^l SjjSS' 4**»tA J}4*tf 
fr( J«»LSs5lj tL^P ^-]^ SAP Jpj V^ tiw/ jA* iu*. Jp LVsJkt Asj%-i* 
J"^j J^A Jp liAi U-i ^, 4iS/ *j*\ j~j> C— -ysilf} y^L-t oX. (jy 
<-*-* £J^<* **s* <> ^lAjjj ijJdl jjUtj lJUo Jisf Ju£ J^asj Of Jl 
lt«jl^ Jp SjU-1 jUjuj iU»li LS^I 0J> ji-\ pl\ i^Jlil «Jut jC*j .g^b 

jSjli-j .tju?*-*-!! JuJI ^ jl I^UI^Aj *^i*- cJtj- ^-ill OL—Nl j»J1 
•jL->j j\£-\ S^* Jp aTjAA* *5M-*' Ji* ^ ^ <^' J^iJ< $ 

.0U~«Jj 
Jp oIJUp ja ii^\J&\ Ai ^5j 0^ l» s~^ ^^ *i^* ^ ^J* 

Ji ^SL^I Jti yM^-l jyf ^j^l ^ jlL- 01 j/*- A^-All JjL. Jt Ol^i *5rjJ 
^^Oj t-J Ag>r fr b\ J^i Jlj 4C-»I^*- jLfi- /»jJJ VjL«»i kiJJLt *^« iiJUb Jip 

r \i ^ ^Nl IU ^ c^t jTUt, >^i Jp J^J, ^.Sh lu Jsi ^^b 
ja *yA *% j* ^ aJp «.^Uw^\ J\ J-^i. of 0>> jr^* dUi Jo (y»«t: 
Jjw jl 2>1 ^-1 ^« t j*aM ^5^ ^ <^Jbl ^ iA»Jii Ji oi^»Nl 01 jiP .Xo 
(^151 ^-^^i u«;^ ^1* JUJLPj t^eJL- J^P ^ OUiJl OlT \T jt-^i JvaJ ^jj'i/l 

Jaz*. 0^ Wj .JU-I ilAU« Jjlil ^li *JL-i -up ^iUlj *-• ^UL\ Olf 

B J>»»J ttyjLy Uy (10 

364 



^u .^i ^ o^mi w> otr ^ c Ls^n ju ^y* jj^u 

dJUL. SaU tf ^J 0! {^}\ ^U-l «-<j^ OK} .f*>U^ jiL y. 0[ 

CjNj^ Jbuj 44-J/M *li*- ik*-}^ ^<aJ-l 4^"^ <j"jAA* H* ^-^J .4JLi>«l3 
J* jt*U j^ tOiJi j^JL^ ^j ilLrSfl ^ aOP L^» OU JUill ^ 
j^ JU JLij cSJuJlj Li^iJl ^ *t;-^i ^-*>» **» *1>-Ijlj j^i-l OS} 'j-a^I 
tj^Jl e? UJ ^ U*-j fU-1 ^b p,Jl iUi J, iJL. JT ^1, ^Ul 

aJLp ^/"Jl ijwJjpj .,-^1 «4i JUxuvl <u1p jJUill ^ jL*?j 4 7"JLr^ <lr* 

.4i* i- ..Ua.j.w U, ,Jiv»| _^* lij Lji-^^ J^W" ^ ^ j^ (^ '^^^J t4*l»T 

dJJi jU»>-ii ^U -u^x-o 01 ^/jA^ *!>' ^^ "^J • AJ ^ >L <^ c^^l 
u, wii» dUi JUy .fUUl ^*x aJ\j £&. jA f&$^*Afj^£/)J&\ 
y»\ I ij -u^L IjijU aJUstww* 01j aJ *-ilj At-*^l J>--Jj 01 4jU»j1 J^ t]}sr- 
01 JUj ^Jl ^ Jj^l c-^j 01 Jj5*il ^ ^ 01 ^U-i AiWtj .{5L.Nl 

IJL^fcj .^IJbJl JLit 4» tj^t 01 Jl« aJUaj ^.Jj 1U-I ^ (^tj li ^JjLjIj ^IxpIj 

.jUNI ^ Jp v^lj yh If A^j 4^ aJUN Lij ^jjl fUUl dUi ^ai 
^1? 01 JUjj t^-iJl (j-iy ijJi. Jp £K~Ji\ CJ^3,LiJ ^ 01 -Uj 

,Jip| 0^>JL UJtT ^.JDI ^1 ijji. iil;l L^Nj tiiy^l 4^,1^1 ^ 
^ j^l jjuJI dUi ^ ON 4-^i. vhl^ iu^ir tlu^Al jl^Nl 
N ^^ 4-Li ^ j&k 01 ^fj tjU^il dbsljl ^-1 ^ ly«T jiJJl Oir^l 

365 



j^ jilj iJLw l$iS" U^ 4*»u^-Jl Ol^JUilj i*i*^aJl 4-^-1 i>*—^ V f^ 

U £^j ^Ldl, ^.JJli liS} o^Mjj utfVWlj utfW-M Oi^l i^" 1 
J t^Jl JuJr\ .iiii ^ Htf Ua* JUUl OK} .csn&l iL^-l diL" Jii pL 

^j J\y^-\ I^jAj oL- ^jlj 3^4-1 dlt> ,//• £>>- -A* jjUl^fl 0l» ^iLw"! 
L-jJiv J^»j f tuj«jt) ^bj ij*U-*>-j vjJl *Ip ^ ^j^l <^pj ^l- 
y^l jjL-j Sft-T iiuL- Oj^-^j 4jI» **-*j OjJ^I jj-lj jl.^Ui^Nl ^Ij Jl 

n£^\jvS\ ^J\ SiU j£ OS) t^Jl Jji L^T iU-l £ 4U, .jUl^ 

j* I:Op JUaJl 11* J fJUL" Jtfj iJyJM £yJr UStt jj^itf-^l ^*i t>^!J 
.iLi-l «Jl* J AST^Ui^JLi «££ Jp ^ JS" *W- tu^A* *UJi«% £>Ul 

Mp <_3 L* iii3i O^j t^t=j5 c ../»l\ >£ ^\tj\ LUIS' J^j ^£— aS ^>Jl 

Jj* ^ Jj?J» (J ^ C?J ^ *1 ^ > ^ ^ J ^ ^ ^ 

J^J ^ cfi I 4^ &^ ] tM 1 & ^ J 1 ^"f* " W 4 cA*^ 1 
OlT (^JJl (yr^AI li* J-^ J W*" 'O^jrf <^Jj 'js^^l ^ <^5 •-*** 

L->- NUU JjSs-li t^ S^p ^^-j? »y J-^ ^' T U ^ * Jj - aL ^ 

^ W*^ (^^i j^ ^^ W*^ - ^ ^-^ ^ ^s**^' *** ol j^ln^i Jj*-j 
oi jotai j>i^i oi W- j>1«^i Jl fc*Aii ^ J» ^bl c^^ j^- 

W^ »>• ^ *j* u °^-' ^^j 'J^ j^j ^ W*- «iy-* **• u-jA* 1 * 

VU-I J^ J^ Olj >I^*VI aJlPj (p tOiP-s-^ 1 -^ ^])^ jM** ^^ 
fU- J^JI /"ij c^Jdl jJL-j ^^1 ^ ^11 jb^l IS1 oAll 0I5L. y »L-j 
^^p U ul^l lil liji* -0 OjSL-j j»^^0 i-*J <xi, ^j jlJj 4it >*l^-l 
c^i- J^i 5^>JI ^» Uj t^r-II ^^ Jp ^ >Aij dUi* «^rt Uj t*> 



^1 0U*- (11 
366 



Nj cOUJL^ tf Jl ^i I* j-*k <-*/ ^J*i &* ^ '^jl ^ 

Jl *L* Jp JJb U fU-l ^.1 JJj tU Ju*-Ul *y^ Jl (Oi" <A fUU 
^ Jl OjU ^ ^^r j* (i2)^L-i ^> <u> 01 Vyl j>l^fl ft Ujl 
Jl ^^ tL^»o U* £U*I 01 a^ll U* J\j Ujlw .Sji^Ij" 3,4 cJj\ iitf i 
Jp Uj tj>^b 4jVU;L. I^Jp ^l : aJ JUj o^o^j iiyi o«x 
JU-1 ^j 4&1 «ulU ^ dJLli tj 11 oJdl jsjLj s^i jp J^x. 01 VI 
: L~v J Jtfj J^l Jl (i3)^U-l cJJl Au^j .«u^ idU- > wj 

Jl fOi li ^ 01 dtf i j* ^i> tftu^ <J ^ *A' 4r°- ^ o-^ 1 0" 
v^Ut-li ? oJLil ai* Jb^lj 01 j^tljyNl Jb^ J*- c^U i^^ai j* jO*Jl 

asjJL* ^p £»U~- 4jt Ufyi ^UM v^!j ■<£■>!>" J^fJ a-i? </^ £**"• 
g^l JJ fb U S^ll •!* UI~4 (J Lj>- dJULfc oi Ji*~~o "blj tOjj/^V^^^ty-^i 
0u o^jl Jkij .^iVpdJ^L. Jj-^l ja\ di!i -Uy .(^ U-» 0y> jJj?M fl*f 
^ tal^i J^j tltf *Sr: ^U" !«** V^ <A J** ^1 A^ lH 
0i 01^' u£^ <$ <*^ aJlft (j-LJI JJLs^j t^lJU (/*?"• jy^. J^i £*** 
JblJSj Oi-i-^ 1 u^iP^ ^J^iAb ^V^ 1 Ui**^-)j .^LU J ">Ui l>w> 

OISJ tOLyiJI ^ j^*^ tilySfl ^ ybrLc ^1 ^jl^ OlT .»LtJI Jsai 
^iyw i) ali^a 0t j--. (»4)Jb*li ^» \^a 1,^-Jl Jli aJU^Aj jp OjJbjj xIp ^ 
ol^-l liJUbi jiJJl J«J Ob jfljsLl ^ ^i ^>j .cii/Jl *^ jp f&\ 
<L>y** J>j4> 01 Uj .^,L^iJl jTUp ^ wV5o ^ jH^y 5 " V: ^ y^ 

oJu ^j to*r ^i jp Lrj^u. £$ ojlil f ^i jjii j>. j>i^n 



JU>t 0JU1I (12 

lil 0L-» (13 

0Li r ^fliJI(14 



367 



J Ji-t jJl Jl JjjJl 01 o*j >M > «-**" *! f 01 ^ l^ Jl 
fl^Jl tlr iJl ^ >jJr\ JiJ oJb^j ol^UJI o ft Wj .cA*4-1 •!* 

vU5W J v-J, 0L->3| ^ J]pl JUy .3uLw» i*j^ ^1 Jj>Jl vfiii *L^N1 
^^- ^..^ ^1 L^jU-l Jb ^ 0U~*p iS-iJ-l ij ^j *tN>^ ^-^ 

^ ft |j^l JLwy .jJfcM ^ J» **> *) cM-» r^ ^Wj JJ>' ^ 
^j 4^-J! i^r-l ^ JuTI Jl IjUj c^Upf > !h> ^- Jl r^ cM 

Jp ol£~~ d#J cj JM-' >*-j <v>*i <^s- ls^^ 7 ^3 ^ j>W^ 
Vj i JpSfl ^11 <j OL^I 0L->Jl J^i u* «}UiII £**» (Al s— 
<) OJIW^J iJ*M J> <U* l^ CftaiVWl Ji^ J-*-j c^iiJi J^ 5-18 
jtyr\ (i«)^ ^ ^ i)j .*J*^» V|^» J 1 ^»1> j^ 3 ' ^ls 1 " 15 ' "^ J*- 51 

^J Uj .oa^-J^* A- J~J 4 1 JV*' ^' t!^ 1 IJ ^ t ^ UaJl - 
iiiJjj c^ji oiipl Vt V ^^ W^^- 1^^ rrl J^J ^-^ 



Ji JJ( JASII (15 

Iti L)l-*. (16 



368 



oJdl ^ aJU5 a>1~. Jp o^> !A u^ 1 4^ *A- ] r^ ^ s>* 

jUjii j>!^ni ^ c^u i* isL. <jjZ cjit ^i *w>i u^yJi> 

^Jl V UJJI Jl j>1^ >^l Ir a>M cJLwf JU-j^lj jlfc/fl oL. 
JiJil jf ^ ^ ^^ j^" 1 M* ^ C U 1? J^ S V* ^ J*- 31 

^ J\j> <> «»> ^ > J 1 <&* J**« W** ^uu. cH* ^ 

^Jji js-j AhjjJI dAU ^ Uil j* Ulw-1 J^r gli (ij .*l*l£ ^1 
CJiJ Li ts J*UlJli C^O^Ij C^fc- ^ JT Ol» Oj^il o-lj ^ 
£& u-yJl cJlj 01 Uj .SXiU &*- OjU A*l*£ ji^ oSb.1 01 <tfW 

ut ^ ***- <Wl> ^ c^ 1 ^ ^ ^^ **" • tjfjLAjl ^ 

S> juj (I C WI c? \&j cUjUit t) asjtt JJUI *g» c-i* aa ol^U5l 

P^L-jj ijJi c^Hy Oj-Ui IjjUii ^1 tf^A ^yi ^ ^>J T^J ^*^ i) 

<P- Jl V" u* y*^ ^^ JJJ&i ij *" ^ ^^^ ( ^ i *- /il cJl5>i ' , ^ 
^ ^j iilp/ </uU^ Oja3Ij JU5 ^^ ^Uj ^^^ Jj^j -J\ & a^j 

ol ^1 Jij coU-U-l J.JL j^j iy=Ll ^ <>r^ y>j ^^UJlj 5iUl 

JjT ^* 0^3 iji-i JxLj c-y53 ^1 ^-tj s^- Jl jlJ\ r U^- s-»— i 

< 17 >> Ji C^ 1 ur^ £ !A^ -^— y 55 ^1 u-b Jl W* ^^ ^^ 

iUit jt jiy-i ii, (17 

369 



(j Jt^-L Jj>Jl viMJ JU-ij jvci k^j Jp bjST; jl Li*, jl i^U V^Jai 
j^ 4i*J Oj*>s OU*yill OK* (i«li» J^-i ^^p ,/r^ >* x ^' u# /**!} 0&» 

.^^-j-di ,ji»-^"i 5^1* o^jW i^ai» «i ,jd^' y!iij ^tf^3 -iiy^i (y^ 

i^L-l ^p jU>-j i^yLjl fUa>- iia-'^J ^Jl ,Jp j—^r- <*^} *iV^ t) r*-^ (3^ 

j^l^l Ul .iUbb j* l^jW* 2^1 V>L. ^jus ^ i^Ut Jp \jj& j&- 

UjSo rji-k** (j« ^fJI v- -.■/?» JUP jW JUi Ol^ir' Ov*>wJI sy> ^JLr^lj 
Of J^wj .*-fW*l j^\ eU CJJLj OLJ^I v j\£li.l OLyiJl ^ ^OP «->U)aJb 

^jji v Jji ^ otr u Nj *uAi ^ ^y cg^S/i ii^Ji ji ^i ^ ,c 

^ji OK} t^Jl dDi ap g^j .(jM-1 Sr* 1 ^* c? lS"^A' c/*** i^J p-*.*^" 
i^Ll 01 LS x^ Js*jJI jjiT U-*p ^T (18) 1^ ^^JU 0)WI tC~~Jl 
S^i kl-Ui ^ vir* ^^j o^ *k-l'ij£-~* 01 J-» v dJlir CJ^ JJ-lj 
JlJ^L-l cJL*y jUl diU Jpj .SLill Aiji jW gfjI^Jl, Jjl^l ^ ^ 

.i—jyJI OJjvP -y» 4j«*-j*-y^ U CiytZi *-$**) ^-i^ll viJ^J <*-J\f- <-? jwwij 

Jp 0*^1 J} ^ 01 tj *J Oil. 01 j>!^fl ^ ^UJ c?i ^U ^Ij 
a* ji«J) _^ Jp ^t Uj ^-4-1 JU*i^L l^* ^j^-- *J» ^ l25lj jSlji-1 

J^pr OK} tj*5il pUll t) Si^Ji Jp /5JI JLaP 01 -A** <«m ^j jjis»i^' 

Oji £**-=M **^j^ tOjJUJ^IU OjjUNi <»_^J f <.j>^\ s-^3 Lr* Jj' C&Ak^ 

A*»j)il OV ^Ua^-Nl ,^-y t) V: ^->J ol^JUJl ^^ JuLj 01 f^Jl iiUi 

iiJl ^j, ^ iJL^ pUi3 ilJ^i^Nl i.UU IPja]) U\ki\ Si &y£ ipxtyj 

.ii^-U^S ^l Ahjb J-^»ij ciiJi a**j 44JU4II 



j-y-i ij) <i8 

370 



(i9> l^u-* 

.J\j±-\ ir Js J-i U^-J ^UAill TiJiM of ,h^ ^J <20) j*r^ 
^jUI cjK} cS^I Jl ^JU ffjij b) 0*5 ««%• <y \i/- £& ^j 

C— ^— asi^ 

^y U> tiiLJl oJil J^i J^Ul Jp OUj^Jl ULf icoi o-L. 

ja *i Uj fr W>l ^U ^^ J*-LJl ifcl jJl^-i ^ V, ^y 5^- 

Sfftjy CJlT .Ojk-J^) *J^P ^"b < ^ p **^ 3 Ul*i>lj tT^-J ^"J 3 u£#J 
.^UJ^I ^ If* J*- U jjjj^-l *L|JL. C— Jlj J^iM U^JL* 31.^1 JI4P t) 
oJL. 4i* k^t* Jpj < Jj-iJl i^>- ^ yxJl ^ >- .,. /» ■ > (21)^ ifi-l si* t^j 
cj~~" j»— L LcjlJ l5 *-J tUlS} cl^^x-j ^j5 (Jl i~J aUI J*p ^jj ^Jj 

p^JL* jA I* lf*j (U^* ftW J* ^* V* C J>^ (j* " ^ "•- " '^ (jP ^iji ^* TlJ 

.i*-aJi ifap i^is} < fr ui Ji 

^>Ll 4 (20 
y-- a !> (21 

371 



(22) ^-JJLJ 

^ ^ j&j ^U*j £~* Oy ^ lt*£- '*%*> U JJ^ t5 ^- ■A- 1 ^ 

j&j ^1 v ^. 3—!, j4 M-* *vj - 8 jM* J ^ t> ^ 

<V^% u~-^ J-^ 1 

^Jl J»j .I^Jl _^i ^JlSJl IfTJ \a\ : AiJL^ll **Li **•— j V^J ^ c ^ c- 
iil^-Sfl (/Jbl ^Jl £WJl jjapt ^ ^j .Jl£Jl ^ os«fl o* **& ^ V^ 

JJU cu^ ^ cA^I dlL" 4iU^ Cyjii iSI^S/l ja t^JL^- yUVr ^ aJ^ 
J^jUl jlss^it ^ cA»Ip V ^J-j o-U>- 2uCJ^ jj^-l ^.^^ -k^j t^l 

OO ^' i>* ^^ 4^' i>* iJtP ^^ J ^^ <5J ^ oli ^* J*" ^ 
ij\j 'aL^>- by-*£ .AiyjJ~\ ^s- ^_Jli: t^L^>-Nl ftljil t)W-i ^J 'Sjljj 

T" 

Lcjii jtj (22) 
372 






D.D.LS.V 



Oj-"wjVlj ^oLJI J-soill 

a »jd» . 

^-n^- J*- i) Oji^Vl OUJUI OlSL. Ub U*. 5i^ ^ Iu,Ji. 

. (1)1. ■H.oiJ' iJ/i 

^ l«-r^ £J^ «^"**j ^b (^ Vvv" J* <V^ cJL~Jj ii^L* OK} 

It: ^ t^p t .lJtl ^b.j ojLJIj jfU^I ^jT 1^1 .Ujl^ Jj ^y 

j»jh^u! \J& ^JaJI JL-4-1 yjij |i U OUJj ^ ^Ifi jJUx. JlT jj t^JLyi 

i^U* IrJsfr Jk ^JJJbj 40dil jp ^jUij ol;UJI jjy JL.U- imaJLl 
jUJI ^ ^.JU ^1 Ji AUlt J*t JL. {**£[ Ji lij .apIUJ o^t*- 
Ud^-j JUU *iJUbr Jrt tj>f u ^ ^^ ftU^Vl JLp p*ilf I cy>7.^ 
.UpU; N j^vU-j ^Jjjil *M;Sl *ul; ^j ^uJI ^Ui JL>j .l^j ^ 

°W^ dr* '^^ J^fr«*i e?*-* " (/^ ./Ir^ J**-" ^y^ ' Aip ^^ 
"riA' if tyr** ^ b!l)j ^' Cr* f!**' V^~i J^" *i*"^ <3r^J V>^~' 

373 



5;U«^J s^ Jl^-I pJ>j 'fj^l J^ *-r=* ^* L^Mio . JUaU SJL*il Jj-I ^ 

j^i ^/s^-l 4-c"} Ul wJ a*SI^ oJL. J| a\*~J jS^T J**- ^Ju J~>- jt^Jl 
lilx 4*1 — C _^L| ijJL. jp JOt-j 5;jP^I JuJLi JIp JL>- y»j t^lJLj'y iljjl 
a** ^-^/ j^p- <L~~£ ajU^ jp ^j^j "-Hj-^b <4r*^' <^& tl»*~^» A^ 
•^ ^J*" W^ J- 4 ^! t? *^-i "^ v- 5 ""^ 9 J^" j^ ^"1^ **i;^J ti^Jl "<&T 

AJ \i*& Oi*^*" V"*J* ■t)l^~Jl J-* <jL* ^P C— < j* Jbjl S^jJII ai^j .AjU: 

™*i J-^ JJ-I LL-L Jl Jj^Jl lSj .I^T ^j 'J^j tj\^i\ Uib£ Jp 

u js; fr Lpf joji jit, .jL*ji ^ ^i j>ji ^i ^ ^ ^i ^t 

kiJLLJkU tj*4-i S^j s-^^ Wl Jj-^' j^i S&j^ ^^ jj* J^-' ^V^" 
tjj tS,l>J-lj 3L*j i^Oj l!*^' uT"^" 4^ f***i ^J cxUx« jjp JL>j aJ\ 
SOp ^j ct^ilS" 3jU~*^ l^lSLi jJJL (23>5jjj t^j^-l JI^aj <^i3l «jLJ| 
j^» f' _j^i frU>- jl oAa Ol^-vj .a*«v /^j Ja Sft-S' (3j~- *JfcJLP ^Uj e\*?-\ 

(24)^ ^ Oij ii^ C£lk, ^j ^ J53j -L^ O-i J53 l^\j v^J 
yl^l < 25 ) v^U HbL. ^ J^ C-. ^ _^j ._^S>' *-^ j^^' 
5^ ij^JL OUiJl j* If ill/SO ft IJLp j^j _^i iUJUj .^/j/jIj <d3 ^JUl 

^ JiLJl ili- still j- uW^i-**. JUiJl Ji 4^0 01 ^A^j 

i^L-Nl (JlJUsi OjL^: SlSJ.1 j* j*~\ JJLP jTS 40ja«0L*yiil ^ 3jU*->-j 

li| Ni «, \AJ Oy-JL j^j tV>^ u5-*j*all OU^aJI ^ j^ISj uJbil 
^~ ^jUl apL^ t^i«^ jt i^p yjJl t Vj* oy cy -^JiJ -f^«s— H 



^^-Jl i^ (.23 
374 



If .Loy j* Cjj^JL. jUJl ^Jlj . JjL) Ul ^L. OiU* <> pflpr jyt 
J*-^-b «->^*Jl £i^ CijXJi i^A pL^» ^j tJLjjJ-l JiU* ^aJup yyf 

oisL, ^ ^> jur iUi ^ ^u ^yii jp o^ v ^j ic i.j\j 

^ry^i jy* OL^i Aij* Jp aj^Uj4 uuJ-Ij -up Qj.^.;i>-,...j Ujj t^l ^ 

f H_jU*pV|j Jl^Jlj «.lil t) ^JaiJlj ^yL-u j\ 0|;J^ jl Oil* ^ jjJL* J 
£. pUJl OIp 01 ^ iyj jyj ^ v^Ui jU -Xij .pUJl ^ O^j 

Xb (^1 ^W 4 W* o^ J^ ^U Jtf ^ fAl *I ^ ciM/rSfl 

U (> uT^* V 31 ^ U i U" ^ J^-l U* jj .u^l flj ^5 l^ t> &| 

ou-jb- ask ja 2uUi ^isi 

^ ^ Jill s^u i«* Ly I ^ j^Jl ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^1 

U* j,^,^ J«r .U^- jl 1*0^ v> £| ^ ^ J^yll ^| JUjJ| 

JUJj ^br ^ ^ v LS3l i^ ^ ^ j^y i<br ^ bjju, ^Vl 
VV> ( 26 )^-l £^U^ ^y ^U ^1 ^ sx. U,U oir ^\ 

Jp 1^.1 AJbl (27) a^| 4; Ji^^j j^ 0IS 5 t0l _Jj j^ .^.^ "^ 

W^ fkj try 5>i U- ^jTl Jy ^bl (28) «^j ^y as- ^ t ^^ 
x> ^ a^Jj t Uy^ J U^y ^ v yi s,Uj ^hJ| ^ ^ .UU o^jl 
LiVj^ J*| dili Jp upL-j t«iu Sop <^ £jsj, ol sUj JUi >-Vl a^T 



o*> Ji 1 ( 26 
jjjJI jl* (27 

jii<J1 JU^j ^.pj Ci\&e- (28 



375 



t-*J«Jl j\ Ojil Jv 0#s~} t<U>-l jA (j *Sj» ^/l j>-\ Pj{\ AixJj "-ri*% 
(Jp ^i^9 ^^Pj tjl>- (j - ^- *i £■_&*& J^"^! «U~j*j (j aJUij tj^wl jb>-l» 
^Jk jjjJI JLp ykj dJUl v^f 0\£p jsAl J*pI lUi JUy . JU-I diL" 
y> IJuhj .jLL (^JL; OjjJl LpU (Jy—1 01 (^} 4ibL* ©JLw ^r^Ly .<lA£ 
j ^,-J .^y a^Lj: tLsdJ-l dJ-JJJj «55^br» j> jciS^l l-U 5-*— J J v_>-*Jl 
( jS'L-w» -^ JbJlP l^Jj 'jV^[j Jj'-Mt-I ^ <*->^ ^iJ JW c£j~* ■ <^-'W^"' a *^ J ' 1 
-^ij ii*iU.I ply! ijd^j: f.L^I *-*j t*>Uj Sjp j^buil f.lJ-iVl jj&j Sjj^j 
.^L-ll iyts<? iA>-j^ (tJ>Wj .OLyiJl J^J t<Jitdl aL?- <j%)\£\ ij* j-^p 

IjU-j ISJj ti*^«Jl Jai yk J&-\j Ja^ (Jp (%-$-i~p 'iyjjj ,yj s-y^ ,>* oUlfc- 

.^JoiNl gj>il jyJl Jp i^l^lj ujLiyiJ^ Li^i^l pU* ^ ^^ OlT 

41* Qjw.IsOj (^JJl JbjJ-1 J^^ 4 jj* *-*P (»-$-^ L?J -*^^ Ai*J Jj^S'lil 

0^«.--^2j ^Jii\j 0^1 j^ oLi' *-g->;l c5j .isiiii^ i^^JJl ^ 1-5^ ^s^J 
*4» JW>5 Ul .SJbJLS. 5ftP JUj^i (jtJ^ J^S ol^L-o- *-»JL~3 .*t:^ V^ 
JjliJl jp Oji^J V tfUiiil Jp jji-^* -& ^C^3 ^jKr^ ^^-^* f^j*i 

.jjdl jTS Jp ^^-oLOi oVl 

^ Lilt jji^r^ j* j^\ i$y£ UjUiji JL^ j C^€ k*J}** ii> 
Oj}^ J** > ^1 JlJUii ja^ J*f ^ > OUj^l UW .s^Uil jjJl 

J^j V^ ifji O^^J <J* U '' ^^ l^-W^ W^" ^*J •l„5= J,i j' (^^ l/*/ 

376 



1»j^p aJIp jI^-L a^oA cJlT X^jfi- JuLJb 0?*^ 4*^.5 Oy^j C&5\ 
iU aij .l^MBJij ^oj V-^-l? ^J^ 1 ( 29 >v^^ t^J' «s^-l U^* 
J*&" Jp i~u* ^j .JjLJl U,U.sjl jUii ^L" ot Oy dJJi JUj Oj^l 1^1 

-^ <> jr^*j Oi^^ cr^ •**-> ^ J^- 1 j*i ^ af Jl Wy -^ 

U^l l£\ j j^, . JU-I, jij^l ^ UU jOi S*ll ^ li^J JL^I 
^ :>Op \.j .^LJl SO-*- AiOil jjij .rjy. Ij'tf J ^1 j.^- j^J} 
U-«i Nj CtfLJl Ij: -Lu£j .j^UJl I,- ^jjj SJLaJl j-jUll ^ iJlPj Jb^Ldl 
a* J*^ l^ jl^-iVl iiJlSsi* oblp l^ 4iL~» Jp O^-jy 4 (}yj\ ip- -^ 

^ JV* J^ -^ 0K~ -k)j\ £* »»W^I ,j> jJ» L* J-saij jt-f^ ^ i*— 

01 Jl ^.oil jJUI £ l^Ul ^lp jJUJJj <t/ Ul £* Jl s^il ^ U 
J^lr- <J ^>^ ^ Sft^ v^ o^ Jsff <il «.y^l <j £*Wl ^pij 

U y£ Jp Ui^j, ^a^ Jp Jy^U ^lilj ^j^ OjjJl Jwyli oLi^l 

j^Uli ^jJU OjjJl «.*>LuJ j^- 
W> 

J J o*x^,l V, a*. I *, y^ ^ i^J-b 5JU^ 5feT i^L, ^Lp «jjl 4*>j 
4 yi5L- c-t, <lj t JLL| Jl \jjii yy^ {^\ t^y ^jjjj ^ui ^^ 

^LsJl Jp ^^^ ft Urf r U *i\ J< ^ ji <j| ^| t oJdl ^^ o*. ^ow^, 
*^Ulii OlT ^Ul ^JiJl t> ^b v^ J*^j U^ i^i *j 0150 J 

J* I ja LL-a \p>\ 01 ^.o^-j .5^.0^ ^ j ^Ujc^I j ^ OlSy 
^UL. o^ UU, *W oi O^oil ^ l,U ^ ^jj| j^Sfl ^ ^ yy aJLJl 

(WJI (29 
377 



* * * * 

*^J *ifi' J* yj ^i J ^ J . f^ JX*^\ $ dM'i i^aij tL^aP L^Ip ^Ijj lAf. 

,Jp oLpIj <uIp j_/»*i" -5^ UjLPj tk_.Jcll LiJUi cjL> ^ AljJlil OlSw ^ 

5JL^r J jii 0i>«— Jl IJIa JLi ,+ ^,.,?a«J ijjji iijjll ^ ^ *-«V y lij . l jjl /V aJl 
iJoJl dJJj> Ji.j OL-yiJl ^ S^ip jt iJLc -ucj iLU fljl JOo ilp -u^Jj tl^Ut 

Oi*^ 2 -^ Oi^irM t^^l Oy 4*ws»j t ( L-^J A <llp Ojj 4x./aJ ijip li^ 
Ijli^Pj t«p<aj iUx^U jUl 5j]/>- (3**^ O^Ascj-lU a-ias»- -J- l^xii J^JaJVlj 
^3 jv^-j OJJ.1 ^P Js£ t^JJl jv«Vl 4~~J OlSo: jy>-l ^Jl J-*4-l Uf: <tu 

Jp ^iy^ f iJU-l 0* *ii^ J ^J-^ji f-r 1 L*"k O^-Jl ^ -1^ } j* 
yfcj OJjSJI jiLij ..^SpL. ^ jyJl y lil Jr-~?& !>Oi OjSJ *xjj«> cJjSJI 

<uIp JvoUil JyJLd.1 j^ OlSl Lv^*j <Jlsj-j ^ l jpl JL-jb lr-L^Vl 4jIp <j 
Ol l^^>-Ij i\}j*\ U I^Uij .OjjUJl <ui Jb*-jj (^JJl 0^1 Jp t-i^dl J^ai 
\yij (JLji-l jo in^Li ?r jy *^i (3=^b ^"1^ *"<*H *^1 J*~i ^ (H*^* 
5,-ip { _ r ^-. tAJ OJjS3l r-^>- ctJJi Jl <Jpj .Ly j>-Jl 0^v«l j* ]y^J V^ 

^LwJl (^lj aSj ta^-I iSj^* ,j>/i«u 01 Ojj rJtA' *-^ c_ii J-^j rW'Jl 

SjLi^ l^apli c^l ^ Uj^w»J ];W«J.| JiJr\ 4>JLi- J (30)^ ^jj| 

(1^«JL*AI OKj -0^1 ^^ O^ 7*-^* iJwaJ -Vjw ^Jp ft^-l <l)l5vt IJLv^U <u^i 
ja \j&j JW4-I J»-b C^jr-il f-^^J tjl^' t) l^W? jl^^l l^j -AS 
^■Vj i^!^ 1 ^r**^ 1 £*■ M -Uy 'Oir^ ' J 1 * i>*J ^ ^^ (J^ U^' 

ifliy JLJL| ^ aj'Ux^J 4> UI U JK} cii^l diL" l3 j^i Jjl^it ^1 ^ 
i^aiJ^ ^jbAJl ja \jS l^oij j*dl^ /*^<J|} J^^ (JA^ ilr* b^Pj jlJl ^ 

378 



oL* CJlT o^* ^ jW *Li* 1^ ^ s^Jl ^ a^L| JVj 
(►rt IT *dW dDi tj £_^l Olyi v^H W^ l*l"j» £^" (31) l>Jb-f 
4 cjIT ^AJl j*Jl oW J U>j ^1 iii^ii s^T £, ^| yii 

0^1-11 Ui, <l U yi diU JL.j .^\ y^ Y l/ >. oas-w-i* -W*J vfcT 
otr Li .j^ au r Wi J***. 4 c& of j>- Jiy juii^ t,jdi t) o^M 

4*wja, dlfc oK} tcr ll> j^ Ij^U A^Jl\ SjiUc ^| of ^1 cj^Ji ^ 

^U o*^M J*4 r U^il a*y t JU-I j*f ^ tut ji^Pj ill^-Vl 0L->Jl 
Ji >j»J, upjp o# £»x. 4^ ^L^l rj >J,| ,*jLJj lJj t/ Al tlr ^L| 

w J* dySn j>-» c^r 

c? ^b 1 ^ fUi V* C^Un £X iLW J <^a^ «L«^ ^ vU ^ 

*i* 01 ^fl ci-ilU ^ OWaay jrji/U-j c^-L 0>Jj*i |r t 5yUi| ol^l 
ol^-l dlL- ^Cj ^1 JJUU oV spb ^VU ,J Nl fc&t ^6 ^ ol,UJl 
.JiUL os>«^ oL^-l dJUb ^yj| ^ Ul^ o^_ M jUiJl Jp ^ 
IfU- 01T ^iJl ^ l-U pU- ui~>j 5-^ ajL^^-j ,jjf r U 01T lij 
j^ OIT ^-Uil ^ UiT Oi«,l jj| i^r- ^ i.1^ ^L4 jSl^Ll ijx. Jp 



379 



J^ *♦*- <yj <^W^ J^UL o^-i' ^W^ 1 <y «-»^ V 5 ^ rr* 

Aj j*%J! j-^*>- ^U- «UP flijJl jSjcS DjjLwiVl «plp <^JUl (^jWfc^l 
CiyX)V*i$l Oij jJa*Vl ,^^-1 jU*^ fU vdJJi JUy .5^ oi>-1 ^ j&S ^f 

^ Di^J ^ *^ V* ^J 'y^ 1 Cf i/i £f C? «/*!# tf* uri^ 1 

LIS" •_« a-^j ♦* A** - £^4 J^»Jl **>-l 01 «A*j jJL*!*-^ Jlii>j[j *L»yl 
d^ jl JjA\ ^j .UL-I Jl ^ jj& ji- ^ *~£^J 'o*^ 1 J*^ <~ 

<i»jiii ojla tjy< t) .Ai^ v^j if ^ V: !^"j w*^ |>>^ ^j tiiy^i 

crjkdl Olyi 0^1 <^U ji* J^*^ H*^* c£>^* £*iri Jji ^ -^ (32) -^ 

l^ JLj Uij till*" Vl ^ jj?T <Jj .0^ *^ jUlij ^-j-JJa; Jce \j\y a*"\j 
ji 0-^^» (►£»■ Ci oAi! CJlT a .J^UI Jp il^Vt S^J OjiL^I 
01 JU>j .<i^JL. JUP A->/uil JU^I v_-*«o (^il^l IJlA Ji J^-tf jA~J\ ^J 

JUJI dUJ cA?- \r\j*-»f jtM jVWfl c4ai- ^-ib ^U,UJb^t ; 
jJJi. j^sij ^\yj ol^JUj S^T ^ (^il^l J^o? OjUy >*Jl Jl 

Jp o^jiSi SjuSfi uuj .^ ^ u—> y^ ^ ^ ■(> c? . 

Lf ^j cJlT .laJL.ji ^i^ J^^« ^ ^> (> Ja-jsi.* j>^» J^ 1 - 
Jup l^Jy OjWy «^s^t- Oi^l W-*y l J^^" (*4*^^ W-^J <_W*- 

01SU-- jl jvSCH ^yi (32 
380 



# " ^ -r lit * 

iLia Oj*(j!j **-j^ ui»*^J c^-^l -^j JjM -±ya>- /^ 4*-ji y.j^J ^>J 
.D^jJs l$l*l .iCJLi jlj-'l ^^a^ JT Ol JLj j^f A»y» U>j .^yyJi ^?j^>- ,y 
ijju: Akj^l cA$^-lj .frUJl iii; l;ja dy£~~j jj^JI £L*aJl ^« (^^JIp 
u_-iiJlj 0^£% jyciJl l^ ^ly .J^^jJLb ^^o U ^| JrijU-l SJoJii J^r- 
jl>^il l^ ii>-l «U.I Oj-Pj (JI^J^ oUi>- jjpj •'^rv*^ t/^^ *-^'* ^ ^J 
J^ J3-UI alJLul Jp j^Uf ^ <Jl J^ai J*^j Ujl£ (Juf jyLl^ jell 

J\Jr\ *iyl 0V» dJJiij c^j/jU aLU- oLJL>- j^JUL, ONI ^AjcajUj 

y«Jl ^ 4t^ i(^? t/'J*" \^^± JC £s^""' ^ t^J 't/**^"^ (^"J^*^ 

JbJL« jy yOl j v-^4 <^ J^* JW4-^ (j^ \5/at JLjJl Jl l^>^» (££ 
.(jg^tyaJl Li^il tjoj Aj^yajJl Ljljaj^ tjo .kM j*j c^l 4iiJl«j J>^rr- 
l$ **tj* Cf-T^i K ~~* ^ ***.>* J*^J jl—^i ^^JiiJ J^p ^Jl Ua -^.Jj 

n 1 R 1 1 V11 * 

t\i> -yt ~*jLg& \Xs>? jU*^l \; b~f- •H-^fy *^9>j0 (^ iJL^ iiiJi* 

JL^i ^Ajir* 1 - "-^' Cr^3 'i*!3 *^ Ujl^p ^J^i ^ iijjdl «Jla CJK' . jUj^Jl 

cfJLlJ i-j^I Ji ^ dpals^i *V if.]^ OlXvi (iiJi JLhj U,aPj *>J^P AjtJLj 

lT-P 1 y <J^ J" (^rj^y (n^lrj r^jjj <^-^i '(^*^j olfi-i 

uyU oyj iCiSfl Jl <Vl}d ^ ^-->- **1^1 iii^* cr^ (i 1 ^» ,J ^ j «■** J^ 
<^ ^5^*-^ *^-«jb3 (3^1^ s^*^' uii >^ i*J^^i .Uwi^ ^i* iL-uJ 1 - u^i'iil 
Uia u!~>-j A^-ja Jij^J *-"" •*** yy^ a> - W^" ^*J '<^>* : t£*^ 



387 



.oLULJl -^ iJLp- l^j ixj^5 jl^~-L; SJsl^- ^i tOUj^ll Jb ^ tils' Ia^Lj 

ijju 0»ij*j frlJLil <-^P OljwiJ ify^* "^4? f*-*-*^ *1 ./^s .•".' V: .^3 
5-LjI ^>o U-Lp .oJbJL^ SjLUa* l^JLftl O^iLsiay liL-J l^i l^-*j OUJL- 

Ju*j .<JL=M jJULj *l£U- Aj^i-1 Ojijj iL^Nl ^/y«> i-*J ljL>o Ji2* U^**J 

Jjuj tjj>-Nl Jj .,j-Up ^ Jf>- JaI oiu-P ja j\ v^yJl oijUj ii]/Nl 

^_-s3-Ls> £j\j\p- -jA i^L^-j l^lSwj ijjil oJL* 5*-l^l- i^4-l ^ taJLp <u ii^ 
J^a* dUi ^*j .5^1} y*Jl ^ >-_jW- Jp iilJ^- (JlS" <_£JJ| ^Lp ^ J*>- 
j^ Uy*JLP J£ ii^Jl OlS" *il-L« 4X~o ^>-jj ^j^} S-iJ-V-il p-^U* J>*^ '**■* ^ 
iJi Oi^b ^Tj-* Vi»P a^*- J^P <UjJ1I oJLft *5j^ ^,-jJJaj J^J .Olw-Vl 
.jN «JiiP V^^j tL^P 4JLJ.i Oi*t)!j ^TJ^ Oy*^ ^j ^" 






1559 f W ^(33 
382 



.cjJU Jbt ^ *y U ^ Vb^- IjIL a^iJj .jjy b> Jl ,j-li o> 

<l)j— w^jLj^ Aiyl l.^aaJl 
5 JJ--J 

£j (£f <L»-jJaP iJL» l^ hJaA Jp ■'br^y .Siixst *.L>-I <JI Ojiyix* tjUJl 
^""J dji*^ J»jJa>- ij **v a 5^*^" £?" l/J^^ '^ *^M «-*■* (*^*J 

u,ir ^*ii ^ jyi-i jU^it ^ tJ $i jL^il jfcsr jjUj i^-i aji^- 

J»/j uwf- tti>l t) U ^2^-o-i Cj\^t\ «JiA jlij .1^. JUvj l^U^-l 
J*l J*^ If mJ**M aJ iy£ Jau^j i^xll* Ji^j . JU-SJI i^-j t^ill k&. 

o***w iiall J>-b gij .p*M\y- i-~~£ dy\yj tj>-U *LpI ol^-l dJLL" 
,Jdx£ OLiJl ^Ul L^ ^ b> 9 I^ cftl^Liil ^ $£ aJLp ^u ft Ul jiu 

Ol^ ^ ^ j^alp g^f ^ iAP l^ Oy (J ^ tJU^ ^Lij ^1 

UU^j -(^V-i- ^j 00^ ^^ 5J-So dj~*ij hjji\ «-U pLjj .i-jjdl 

l^i jy^\ 3 OUU-I ^ iOP i^All cjj .^1 U.14J >*il j~4 0>J^ 

oIjU^ S^ jji ^yjjj 1 JU»i ^ii^ <> >^i ^ l^ aAp 0»T Dij uiJl, 

Lili 0l->- (34 
383 



tf*^!? ^> ^ -r^ ^ ■** W*V* o-J-^ >*■ ^j Mj f.^\ 

.<uJo Oi*t;l S^lj); L^p i^-ji 0^*5^1 
Oj~~J-lj ^^LJl J.,,aiJl 

V^f J# Vj ^— > ^> au. J^LJI Jp iUL ^ jl^ j^- 

^•a. aw i^3 40U-Sn ^ j u~> >p ^i j ^ d>P ^ 

(J C-*- jlrl ^o^'/jJU J^ yy mJ ri\ II* ^ j# aJ>j ~l> 
*UpI ^ ^Jl ^ ^T JL JUL! JLpI ^ .^ ^, jb%i | ^ 

FT- & 0&J T ,ai ^> <&*•* pi ,►*, c^-oj p OLUJi ^ oy^_ 
*^> & MAX Jp Oyix. ^ ^ iplJJU o^Jb ^jbJLf ^ tj ^ jt 

VI jyU; ^ ^ t ^Ul J^ JUSJI Oji&e jjOJI dl^\ y. j& yj\ 

o> ,j> u Air diJjj o^^o ^afj ciii;Ni ^ jui ^ .v^Sib- 



384 



JL>-y tU*- jjL^I Jag^Jl^ Js-LJl t^JOcJ ,^J ^J l^iXJj 'j*-*) 1 ^ J^ Ol 
Oi J-» iywj 3ii>l>. ic-^j l^ljlp jJLJ 1L»U-I cjKj -W 1 v*"^' c&*^ u^*i 
O^Ull v-. (->Vl i~>- iijiw Jp jj;iU jtVyk OK} cJM-i J*l Jl j^-I aJLj 

(Jl OL^I Ja*J ^ Oj~»*~«ll jk-s^l -tfj .oIpL. *j>I ^ Jb^T V SX» ^j 

J^-j .Oj~~£ \y^ Lf £^,1* ^AjS^it JJL-I JaI oV «^U~J^L Jj^xJl 

<J-^ ^ J-tf- 

i-> J*j Jp £«j jj^Jl ^JUs^l; J^t> jlJ^fl JLjJLi ^j Jlp J^- 

(^ l^ jC-i i*i» a*-y 4i>. ^11 o&U c?j .>Jl IJLa *j v_^*j <^Ul ^1 
(1 tjJAJl ^1 \y>\*\ jj ^j tijrs-ySJl Sjljj Jl 0^~~, ^j .^ail «N> 
45L~>-j ^il| ^lp j^*«^ OK} -jA ji OUaLJ i^^ JLw tfj JLu l^ijj 
j Ol«^uiJ! o>k"Ull jj^.1 ^ o&} c^U ^ ^ jj^Jl jlp y> Oy~*~j 
Oy <JU*£>wJ 5^ij «-~-~* *Lp jS^" (35),^>.L^ ^j 4^ jg} .Ls^il 
^ _^ >» ^ ^ 4& 0! jijJl J^p ^ OS, .^oi ji^p Jn, ojxLiJl 
f\^ <36)Lib oL-^ ^ SjjI! Jipj |^ v>" iOJJj ^Ala ^ ^ oU 

Jp Jyu-I Uoip Uu^Ji ^1 j3 lSJ| j^p ^ l^ ^y ^| as^ll ^ ^ 
OU>Jl ftjy, OIT (^Ul i)l/Vl u i^»- ^ ojjj^-j j,jJl jup jL, jl2* .oLJb" 
fl ^" u* y^ •**■ ^f^^ iU\J^\ «i*-L. ^p L;^ oK} "J 1 -^- 
& dAJl 4^ U Jp jJ^S JLx IJi^t !0U» jlJI 1^1 : L>U UsUo 

385 



jJ]/4-l J' o. ^j *~*\j j>-j •**-} «Juj«i>Jl jJj Jaij <*)»j oo^-tJl -p*-\*J 

j* iJl/S/l j£* dlUy : hjjl\ ^\y\ qa (37)^1, JL^ U ^ ^ii £^. 

Oy oljlp- ^aJI IJl* ^p oLio Jii dJUi x<«j .IJU L»ja Jl (iL^JLr ifotul 

*Wj LSy Jl Lilj OL-3- v*^ liUiS" y VI \,Ly .jjjJl JLP jyj Lib 0L0- 

$ && Aii .5^1 l>JLy cXU j- L^j ^Jjj &Jj> *->/>- $ U> tfjlil 
^y uy U JiUJlj { jjx£\ oliil a^4-j ^ <-JVT 3S^J ^1, ^U* j£~~ 

Ujupj .JULI Jp ^il jSU-Ujj ^jil ^a IpjSj £»U1I ^ SST^S" ^ 
*jUlli ^y^ V>L«i^Vl jp I^JLaI pLi«I ^ l^iiy *r!y|y d' V^J 
JLai *^jl^ LI .lfa» Of ^» *^ l^bij vr^ Lj>-Lu-lj S^ Uj*j>*SIj 
^ oUl> I^J Ol JUj ^UiJb oOU^ yi)4-l Jl iJI/VbUj .c-JLaJ 
.i^tfU-l L^lJL»ji c-UjJI jUjJai-J V o<JLJl jcu-aJl jjcujjdt oy^* 0^a>- 

ja <3Vl i«>- j* ^Tly jJb }L^ Mft- ^iP i***^ ^j £L> ajtj Jkij 
Jlij .<J>VT iu^ jJLl. j^ftXUi ^tj O^Ly Ut .ttlilj 1^3 ij-Jl JLyJl 

^ U& v-^' 4^ v«w ls - :l ^ , W^J '*^l fji *&** b^l £)f^ 

J^b 4 r*i^ JL ^ ^ J^ b ^ J*^' <yJ ai -e ^ ^y^ ^ o^*Ji 

Jiij <u -Up ^h JJU aJjim V^J UJ-I jJUUi f LiH Jp Ojl^ lytT u ^f 

Jlii .SliiaJl ^ISUJLJ oUjlsi CyJLSj tf <> j;j\£ Lc *-,=Ujbi- Jp y^b g^- 
,^23*; jj-jI; M#> v-*Lp (^ ^ 4a« d)lfj y]^-' *^ t $ <1)L-j»" cjU^^Jl jIp 

v^Utf Olj ^ (j-ij; ^*» Jl LiU DLo- v^ ^j '4^ ^ *>* s ^ 1 

c-yJl tf vIXSJLj j«Ll ^yOJ Ait, jl^Jl 5,^ DL^Jl ^r*-^. ^-U ^i Jj^ 

tiJJbfcj 44^ 4^ (j-jl; ^Utf ^«, ^jj> Oli ,^-tp' ^ JL-x OK} .iil/^3 Ul^l 

,j-> ^ Jp > d\ VI OlT Li 4aJIp Ja>«JL5 jW jojdl 01 (H-^ti 4*11 j^\ 
Jp v-yJ-l JU-f f t Ql;,„rt>«il|j j^-l^-l ivlXI ^ viUbb Ibj tiJUt- Jl l^>x- 



JJU* M< i/-^i (37 
386 



01 yi£ J^L^i/J, jLu~M e> JUl ^\j £U dUJLi ,Jp Ujlpj .4&I 

0* C^-j *&i J*- £*- cj £4£ 0&. Jl 4^ t&J\ J^i ajJJO Jj .j&llJl 
^Jj ±>yu* J>3j tjjjJl J-P yf-\ JUai j^JL^ l^ oU iJ,U^ 01*^1 
^i pt:U-Jl d*y >r A Jt <^JUl iiii ^ jjapt ^ ^ *Jl/fl ^ SftiT 
OK} t<J -U- ^Uiftb SjIpJ ^j ^iaJl o>^ J ^-U ^ J^ i^l** 
^-ix>«i uJ^i dlU, .^JiPj . ill^O Oftlyil Jp 5,^0 J l r ^-L l^ jOajj 
4* J-> tiil/S/J ojll. Jp 5^5 ja 4iA O-Jl 11 5,jUl JJUJI Ja^ *ij 
^ 4*L~>-j 4iSfl ^ J^UL OiL-Uil ^ ,jjf oly Li^- ^1, £Ls 

A*\ jJr\ U* J\j J* OK} te^l OL-> tf cJ^T iu- ^.j oLyiJl 
^1 ^ ij j£~p liJJiJj tu -U ^ 4*li i^-l^. oJL^ai OB} .<^b JU^ 

<J«~Jl Jl *J v-wli llUI ^.Sfl dlU, Js>Jl ^ Mfl^l ^ ^ 
^L> ^ I^^-jV, t s£i, <£* i)l/VL cJU- <^*Ji SJbi ^ .jAjai\ 

;i)^i ji j^y doi^-i dAt ^ cjit ^y .^i^ ^ ij^ ^ 

Jl • J s« 01 jri]) Q* ja viLj ^jL S^>- v^l-^ 0>~>- jJ <$%* 
J\Jr\ j, ^ ^j a^JJ ^^U .^TLoJl ys-f *bt J^U. ^U Ji,P 

dib- j uyf oi i^Jp 4i iii;Vi ois} .q^i, ^ ^>i jUt ^ o^ 

^J '*/ U C*^ «p- «y ^»^l (J5j .5>NI ^U ^p SjUJl ^i JL^ii 

uf .ai^ ji ^, ^ ^ji ^ ^ u 0*\t \j c^4j ^ p ji, 

Oj -r^ 1 ^ a- (^i^ 5 * J& Ji p4lS ^ ^^ ^-^ ^ ^ 
jiLi tt ^J! Jl o^ l^t^I 01 JUt jrtjsLl Jl ^ jj-U ^j ibttl dlb 



38 7 0U» ; ^ (38 



ej^l ^AJl j*& ^U ^ J^ ^_^L^ ^lj llj .ajU Jp 3U-! j^ Jl 
_JUaJ UijJ JUj- cJ j-^j JU-_^I j* fUai^l U *^>«i 4jj» ^ J>y£ Zjh 
^aX^> c^jUt oaAJ, cftb'Nl dUL" ^ ^1; £y oL. 01 i^Jb-j tiil/^l 
ilDiJ t5j£JL» iSlJLv? 0iW>3l 0y CJKj J UL>- Lib 0t~>- Jy 01 o*j JJL-I 
CJIT ^1 iJlJLsJl JbJLf Jl Lw iuc Ujla *J| ^ ol JJ-I ^^U* jiL 

•*,tr uic oji^ji ^ jyi r bj .^i ji r> xiJi > i^- (i a^Jj .u^, 

OtT *iLdl ^ ^J, aJL~. 4*1*. •Wt, J-M v*-U J^ ^ ** *j 
£* J 1 J^ J 9 - (j^ 1 U^ ^ ^J '*^A\ £& £ LjiU oi ^j £l^> 

'*# $ »>M v> £>j >^ viJUJiJ ^i v-^pj tili;?AJ 4*iU jS"Uf 

^ iop 4*jsi OK} tiSL-> VI oL-ill ^ p* ^-J *ll;^l j, <JNf 
l^ij^\ frlit ^ l^cul L~lSL- V L- j-^w- ftU <39>5jU>«j: ^£Lpj fSt yJl 
Iwa*- ^ ^j t^U* jjj 4*JS k_~»~U» a-> p& *»U> 4>U- j^ai iJjXj ji U 

4jIc*# Jii 01 -Uj y])^-l Jl alp 4i*j j|j*)i ^1 j-^*- cLi Jl ^> f tjst-j 

^Jl £. tyj .oLijUil ^a^iJ ^Lp ^ *y ^ ill/tf ^ 
aJUjwjL a*Ij tJU^t tJu^iJl I^Jkp -da 0S~ <^JlJl j^l jAj OLo- 0U»/5Jl 
J> j&- ^>JI Jb'UJl u^i\ Ot Uj .^1 JJLi ^\J liU- *ll;Sfl ^ 
^ 4JL*jNl ill/Sfl yLl d%T Jb-I, fr UJ ^ abi, JJLI ^ 4*141 v*-U» 
Jj .JW-j ife^ \j)iz j\y*r\ Jl LiUl J^aj i^Jlio OK' (^JJl Jb'UJl ^ 
01 JI*j ^X^' 0^ ci^^ ^^ 4i>JU: j»^5y jjJlJl 4*«U-l JWj *U d-ijJl ,^-oij 
(j-ljP ^ 4*1* i-^o-ly* U^W-j tU 0l^* (\) \jj*aj\j icj^l dJUU ^^>- *-4*lj 
4S>* fji (J liAJU* l$Sy J* Lilj Ol—*- OK* *ilJi« \^a JL>-t, Ua* 1^«a*j 

l^; 4-Jl jfr&i Ol -bj» tJ^I t-j-^-U* 4ijl iSjW ^r^^J '^*^s! 4JA* (3^ *AvS»jJ 

fed ^1 c jy" dlli ^ .^1 Jp UaJl^ ^ (ij vjSU Jlft- Ola CJK} 

388 



OliJU^I OUa a^j .JJLi i«li ^_o-UJ jJVl jJuJl y»j (40) J ^T l-^-U* 
^l,f OU-Jj IJ>-f, aj\^ u S\^.\ oUNI l? ij^ > »^^ !A-J W=b» 

^j^ £ LiUl OK} -J^W ^kft JJ^- >»>-j fc>^" ^ -/•!? ^J O* 
OL-yJl ^ «U->j JaU) ojL.U-1 iJI/i/l sts- ^ uti\ Si^tf *.y 
J~M «Ui <£JUl j^-l Jl l^Ujy 4c-yJ» OU>Jl ^ «->VT'5J^J ^j 

Ji 1^- t> *a^l J>-lJ* pA ^jjl tlj U> iS,yLi- £Uf ^Jl oJUj i.Ui. 

c^y^ l^*£j j^ljj l^^u-j ^ J^Lj j^sLi 01 ^f JWj illJ,l 
VU A^Mt J;Uj .-JIjpI ^> t/jr*^ &^> i*rf Jl JW-j ^a*i £. ^ 
Ji ill^/l Of LiLtf ^ c^l J^U, JUs7 £f ^U OK} .uwi 

»y^ j^ ^\ ±a y> d-y <J~li j*b ^ ^bfjisi ypy 

01 pJoUl^k-i ^j U£~~ Jl CJ>-i Ji ^Sfl ^o'h&l oS/ ^yrj\j 

<J* c/^ tf^fi^ (**""* </*" V 1 *—^ -*-^ ^f 01 Uj .JU-I t5 ^j| 
Vj^U <*J~.Nl ^ ^aUJl Jl j^W Ja^l j*. ^ j^ ^j, 

^Jl gU*U yj oi^ ^ JS of J*y t^Jl ^ jSCs U ^L ULbt 

)i ^^-ji ji j^ jr oir 9j u^, jjji jjL-f ujupj .dkj 4^^- ji 

viiiJjf ^J* ^ (42)J^L| ^ 0&. Jl 4)\*j liUl 4^y vfjDi J^j .^^r 

^ ^.i, cjyi cjj ji c uji ^ j^li ^.[^ jjdu jjiij ^^jji 

(* a;li oUL^l 4^>j V UU ^y^ J ^ 4l/ >a i of a^ Si^l t) 

lU>-j 4^ j^f 4rtf| J^ 4i\^ Jbfcf ^ ,^01 JUrf 4JU-J Jp j, 



(j--(41 
jG^ »B!« (42 



389 



g^i cij^l ?«ilL> t4&*w» J-»^ A^^s: tjK} t^-^J Uiij *ij > '3 j^^ & 
J— jt jf Jl JJ-I IjJOwy ^Ut^l J-I£ iil/Vl ^17 *ki. Jbuj .p— 4-1 

dlJUl ^i |f Jii- J* a^l jtf dUi *b*f ^j co^jJl ^Ui ^ ^ly 
I^IT ^ ^ Ja£.\ ^ 4 ^jj. V ^y ji, j^L| iJLli ^ ^i\ ^ 

UU J^LI Jfli j,Uj Jy ^\ *^J\ U? .Jyiil ^yp Jj ^ 
aUjNl^vJ^* j^= Uy>j ty ol^L-l a* v yt oMl jv dM 

w=* 5iU* Jpj 4.1^ ^ Uw> o£# *»L~« > /J J^ > 
4^ 4 .j^| ^Vl ^ 1^ 4^ ^ ^ ^Vt JULb J^, 

^Ja» jiP j^U-4 N cOytc^ AjlSL, .Ail»t OljUj Jl** <£j L,JL*y j.],*^ 

l«ii*£ oU«^, Ji ^j JjbaLt ^ 6 U ^J. # ^f ^ ^lii j^ jyj, 
J* # *ll*P J*M U* OySLo ^i3l fyAj ^Ul L^ ^^j ^_jJ! 

^ «-6-* ^ j»- r*^J4 viU-vi jjw ot oyg* n ^ jjjjj t(n ^. 

Afi c^JILU ^ Uf >r i 5jJ Ul ol|4-l O^Lo ^.jjl ^1 ^ s^J.1 
c-pL> pa f I^J! ^^U, JIT jj> ^L*j l^T^ ^p JsLi ^ UL>- I^Up 

OUlt ^-U, r l^ .^ j^f *isc ^UU I^Uj j^* ^_r ^ trA yp 



OJ^L. (43 
390 






5 jS]y> i£±£ aLu.1 : 1 J^iiJ 

5 U-U^lil: 2J^iJ 

9 c— jjo" : 3 J-^iJ 

12 Jrf/1: 4 J-^ii 

12 J^JI: 5 J^iJ 

15 v^-JjxJ : 6 J-^il 

16 u-S^I: 7 J*»iJ 

17 o^l: 8 J^iJ 

17 cy : 9 J**iJ 

18 LiJaSL. : 10 J-^iJ 

19 i-^TU : 11 J^iJ 

19 ajbcJ: 12J-^»J 

20 ^.JbJ.1 i*Ji : 13 J^iJ 

21 JJlJcJJuI: 14 J^iJ 

22 is«; : 15 J-^>J 

22 jjTUI: 16J*»iJ 

24 Ji^jbi : 17 J-^iJ 

25 kjib: 18 J-^iJ 

26 -uU-IJ*-: 19J*"J 

27 J^V i£Lr jj ^Ulyyu^i^ 1 *! : 20 J**iJ 

28 i-U : 21 J-^ii 

29 (c-s-ij jt) Oji" : 22 J-^iJ 

30 ^jl&l : 23 J-^ii 

30 cjIjj/: 24 J^ 

32 Llo> : 25 J-^uii 



391 



32 "~ (jt&h jtf ^ •■ 26JvaiJI 

37 ^-JU- : 27 JviiJI 

38 Li~-yl& : 28 JviiJI 

39 i--£iA Jo»- : VslSL-j JL4-1 : 29 J*««JI 

40 iJj>>- (Jp : 30 J*aiJI 

41 jSy^,: 31^1 

42 ijLi: 32JvaiJl 

42 O^W^l: 33^1 

43 ^JU^": 34jvaiJI 

43 i-sJ: 36jvaiJI 

45 ^*ij/)dfc: 37 J^iJI 

45 >.>.!: 38JvaiJI 

46 c—^Cy : 39^1 

46 ^JLlliwU : ,_£S> : 40 J*«AJ» 

60 oLpI: 41 JvaiJI 

61 tfUf : 42 J**ill 

63 dj3 — d — jljJ ...J— yj : V^--j JM- 1 "■ 43 J^aiJI 

64 JU":44,>aiM 

65 SjUs^J. : 45J*«iJI 

65 S^>^w : 46 .Lai) I 

66 J*^' : 47j^iJI 

66 iy*^ : 48 J^u3i 

67 fclfa* : 49 J-^iJl 

68 «/Ut: 50j^iJI 

69 J^V *&"* ^J^r f&\ • 51^1 

70 tftt^lil: 52j^iJI 

71 ,/J: 53j^iJI 

75 ^i-1 i^Xi ^jUli ^U- vJlT 

82 *~ l^ir^JJI oi^-AI* ^ ijUH Ja vJljT 

54 -ki : 54^^*11 

85 -W: 55^-^1 

85 (S-^i-J^I) <l>l*jL. : 56 J-*^ 

392 



87 jy j: 57 J**-JI 

98 y\ y : 58 J^l 

99 j/\ 5 — yr : 59 J^iJI 

99 jo«L. : 60,>aiJI 

100 oaII: 61 Jmx»JI 

101 C....JI : 62,>aiJI 

102 ,>SV : 63 J-^iil 

102 #: 64 J^iJI 

103 J^Jji : 65 J-^iJI 

103 y^ei ^> : 66 J-^iJI 

104 ^A.^ : 67 J^iJI 

105 jjMtVlJJ-l: 68 J-^aJI 

106 b/-~» y*l : 69 J^iJI 

107 Juolk 70 J-^iJt 

107 jjJdl: 71 J^iJl 

109 c— b/j : 72 J-^aJI 

110 i*J-l: 73 J-^aJ» 

111 jy\: 74 J^iJI 

112 jJjLr : l^lS^-j JLU : 75 J^iJl 

113 c^>J : 76 J-^aAJl 

114 i.Lw : 77 JsaiJI 

115 jijW: 78 J^iJI 

16 "^b^BI: 79 J**UI 

16 KvU^ILJUk ipiU- : S^r : 80 J^JI 

118 *JU-i jiljii: 81 J-^aJI 

119 <_jb*cj: 82J*a*Jl 

120 J»\*^: 83J^iJl 

121 X- : 84J*aiJl 

122 01^. : 85 J-^aAJ* 

122 4J cjB" ^Jl icxUl Jl^ ijj^j ^ib ; j^l J^aiJl 



393 



126 U-wb^l: 1 J^oiJI 

127 (fJiiJl^^NlluSaplicjir^l^utjIUI: 2J-*iJI 

128 5^1 : 3 ,L«iJI 

129 «J^lu* : 4 J^ill 

129 UJ1: 5J^ill 

130 (tfl£)33jdt: 6J^1 

131 iL*J1: 7,>»^i 

132 OjAial: 8,U«iH 

132 (C--SJ) cJLSX; : 9J*mJI 

132 ^y 0J*. : 10j-AiJi 

133 c~Mj: 11 JmUJI 

133 Sijjl : 12j-«iJl 

134 U* li fi U,: 13 J^ill . 

134 (jZ) jt-jU : 14 J^iJl 

136 (S^») jl 5,1^- : 15J-i*JI 

136 Sjj^aII: 16J-uJI 

139 cJLili;: 17 J^iJI 

140 u-Li^ : lSJ-Aiil 

141 fU-IU?r: 19J^I 

142 '• i/J^,^: 20J^i 

143 JjW ^ : 21 J*-iJl 

144 ^Juk.-all IftU- LK* ,^-J Jltu-yJI Jrf^j i&Lil w>Ip) ^U : 22J-^3T 

179 Sju,ill: 23 J*"! I 

179 4*JI: 24 J^iJI 

179 Syjjil : 25 J-^UI 

180 <$^ : 26 J-^iJI 

180 gj: 27>iJI 

181 (<^ u bi5') 'V'Jl): 28 J-^iJi 



394 



182 (cJy j\) JJj : '29 Js^J 1 

182 dy-j j** : 30Js-»iJ 

183 4^ljUJI: 31 J-^iJ 

184 iU. : 32J-^J 

184 *wU : 33 J-^ii 

185 ^L-^lw : 34 J^iJ 

185 Ovj!)^ ■" 35 J-«iJ 

186 cte: 36 J-^iJ 

186 S^T : 37 J^il 

187 >j'(«J»i: 38 J^U 

188 jllj^SJI i*^- : 39 J-^iJ 

188 J4-M: 40 J-^ii 

190 jj^I^UJI: 41 Js*AJ 

192 Jk-AUli : 42 Js«i 

193 <0*-jijbuHjl:43js~J 

193 iiy j\ <^ ^ : 44 J-^iJ 

194 0$>i) ;^S>i: 45 >*J 

194 cjjys : 46^ 

195 Msi: 47 J-^iJ 

195 i^i : 48 J^iJ 

195 » i^ : 49 J-^iJ 

196 '. s^l: 50J-*iJ 

197 /ill; 5i j^ij 

197 ^ ; 52J^aJ 

208 jbjj,: 53 J^iJ 

213 jJwJI^I: 54 J^iJ 

216 i^, : 55JW 

222 oy* : 56 >Ui 

224 iyy: 57 j^iJ 

225 jBj^ : 58 J^ii 

225 ; ^^:59J^iJ 



395 



226 v_~^ J*- 

226 Dl~»- { jj 

227 i^l 

228 o-lPb 

228 Jh^V 

229 J^J^I 

229 [fy 

230 ^^ */*-£' 5i«,.-ll iuJiilj SjL^c- -i jU 

2 « jg, 

244 ^ 

244 ^ 

244 iyii 

245 J?W 

246 jit-*- ^ 

246 - Hj ^j 

247 Jdl*^ 

247 o"ij^)jr^-^ 

24 / I-A^JJ ljJ 

248 JW 

248 OVJ^ 

249 SjLUi 

249 lArt-y* 

250 Jby.^ 

250 *k*V 

251 ^^ 

25 1 ^ 

252 *~-^>y 

252 p;ij 

2 53 ^^ 

253 ^ 

254 J!uj ^ ji JIjjjj ^ 



60j*iiJ! 
61 J-^i3l 
62J^iJI 
63 J**iJl 
64J^iil 
65J^iil 

66 J-Mil 

67 J-«il 

68 J-Mil 
69J-oaJI 
70J*oaJI 
71 J^Ail 
72J^iil 
73 J-oAll 
74j^iJI 
75 J-^ii» 
76J^iJI 
77^1 
78 J-^iil 
79J-aAil 
80J^I 
81 J-oiJI 
82J^I 
83 J^iJI 
84J^I 
85j*iJI 
86^1 

87 J^iJI 

88 J-^iil 
89^1 
90^1 



396 



255 J^lw^Jfloj^MJv-iJI 

■ ^^. jTji.U- ^j : 92J^iJl 

u^-i^ J 1 !^^ : 93 J^iJl 



255 
256 
256 
256 
257 
258 
262 
264 
264 
265 
266 
266 
267 
267 
268 
269 
269 
270 
270 






... vkf 



cM5' 

uOy if* 

i>bjj 

J^-lfiBl 

^.y 

L*-Lu 

iJ^-jS' 

J-^ 

272 i±jV\ XUl $jj\ \p 

273 

274 

274 

275 



Jb**" 

ii-iy 

jy* i^ 



275 
276 
276 
277 
278 



279 5^Ua^ 



uls^.^ : 94J^iJI 

.. VJ( ^:95>iJl 

CjT glty : 96 J^iJI 

.... UJL. : 97 J^iiJI 

: 98 J^iJI 

: 99 J-^iJl 

lOOJ^iJl 

101 J^JI 

102J^iJI 

103 J-^iJl 

104 J^iJI 

105 J^iJl 

106 J^iJI 

107 J^iJI 

108 J^iJl 

109 J^iJl 
HOJ^dl 
111 J^JI 
112J^iJI 

113 J^iJI 

114 J-^iJI 

115 J^iJI 

116 J-^UI 

117 J^iJI 

118 J-^iJI 
119J^iJl 
120J^iJl 
121 J^iJl 



jl) 



Cr"V yri 



397 



279 OUyJl 

280 j? at. 

281 OjU^.ljlpjl 

281 jU- jl i^ 1 v*- 

281 OKjl 



282 
283 
283 
284 
284 
285 
'285 
286 
286 



CS%jj> 

... is-al5^ 






123 J^iJI 

124 J^iJI 

125 J^iJl 
126J^iJI 

127 J^iJI 

128 J^l 
129J^I 
130J^iJI 
131 J^iJl 
132J^iJI 

133 J^iJI 

134 J^i3l 



398 



291 *£UI «i* .>jjb- : 1 JvaiJl^ 

291 *Uliw. : 2 J^iJl- 

292 j&I: 3 J^iJl 

293 *^» j*^ = 4 J^iJr 

293 J-4.: 5 J^iJI 

294 U*j : 6 J**iJl 

295 <*jjXi : 7 J**»JI 

296 ^ir^> : 8 J-aAJI 

296 0** : 9 J^iJl 

297 «, Jj&yl: lOJs^l 

298 jC 0iVliw»l* OL~J; : 11 J^ill*- 

323 iUI: 12 J-^iil 

323 Sp-iiJ : 13 J-aaJI 

324 J^\i^t: 14J^*JI 

325 ;JL~J : 15J^iJl 

325 jui: 16j^iJI 

326 *UM: 17 J^iJI 

327 jii^l^l: 18 J^iJl 

329 dfo: 19 i y*il\ 

348 ;.l>,„» : 20jvaiJl 

349 j^i; 21J^iJl 

349 OUJ; J^p ^ ityy : 22 J^iJI 

350 jte-*: 23J^UI 

351 i-Ujyi : 24 J^iJI 

251 i^,: 25J^I 

352 jUjjyj : 26 J^iJI 

352 S^: 27 J-^iJt 

352 Jut: 28J^iJI 

399 



353 ijl^. : 29 JmmJI 

353 CA^Jjij^j* a"* S~* '• 30J^»JI 

354 ^ : 31 JmmJI 

355 j\£j^> : 32 JmmJI 

356 jLirt : 33 JmmJI 

358 *ifAi : 34 J^UI 

359 *ijy: 3 5 J^iJl 

359 i/Uu : 36 J^ill 

360 il\j: 37J*aiJI 

360 u-ij^J '• 38 J*xiJI 

361 jUJt S5lf Jl yi^-l Siy ,y : 39 J^xiJl 

362 o&^^jir*-^!**** J*': 40 J^xiH 

362 jJi^/1 w-te jy-\ : 41 J^oiJl 

371 '. L.U : 42 Jvaill 

371 c—y^U: 43 JmiaJI 

372. jjJaJ : 44 J-^iil 

372 AiJ^il: 4 5 J*iJI 

373 Aj-dl : 46^1 

373 Lfl^-j jS^" *ij -x* : 47 J*iiJl 

375 0\~~)s '*£)£ ^ ~aA£ f&\: 48J^I 

376 *j.U : 49J^I 

380 J**r : 50^1 

381 *L~j- : M J*uM 

382 Sil* : 5.1 J*iM 

382 i-U-o : 5b J*«J! 

383 Sj^-j : 54 ( Ui)l 

383 ...«**«.: u-jUj : 55 J*ui! 

384 fel-^-V Ji^^J^ : 56^1 

385 .' ^U^ >-: 57j^iJI 

390 ^y: j&\J+ii\ 

L "'-" liUliun ul uiu Aluxu,. ii ' y(IJ0AL 



loJLUj-l i_i}Ull «jUiC A5WI £j 
3 -Ii -^"i ii iii. 



r*j3 60cOo ^.ji jJ 



a^u^Vi j,l*ji 



Vl^i 707.08091538